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University of California 

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Berkeley, California 94720 



















TITLE ll-C, 






BANC MSS 83/129 c 


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Y«lA.r>vJx fo^Co,j 511 







Maj 16, 1921. 

May 16. 1921 • 

dr. I. 

. Nelson, Chief, 
Biological Surrey, 

Washington, D. C 

Dear Dr. Nelson: 

Thanks for yours of the 14th enclosing 
an enlarged photogrfiph of Macrogeomya darienflifl togith- 
er with two flat prints from negatiTes taken by me ii 
1910 of Black Bears in Yoseaite Valley* 

Very truly yours. 

^ ^V-^kJ^^^ 


,^^»>»i^»^ ^ t> »m M^m f . 

Major E. A. Goldman, 

Biological Surrey.. 

nashington, D 0. 

Dear Major Goldman: 

The enlarged print from your negative 
of MacrQeegmyg .together with two prints froiB my negatives 
of Yosemite Bears arrived by this momiiig's Mil for which 
I am very much obliged* 

C* B, Johnstone, whose letter you sent me on the 10th 
inst*, has forwarded Bear skulls from time to tiM.'' 

Thanking yon for your kind offices in *^^ matter. 

Very truly yoi»*^» 






May 16, 19E1. 

Mr. James P. McCue, Attorney. 

512 Mills Building. 

San Francisco, Calif. 

My dear Sir: 

When in your office last July, I waa 8urprii«d 
to see on your wall a photograph of Bears taken by you in 
Tosemite Yalley in 1910. I was in the act of photographing 
the same Bears at the same time, and appear in your picture. 

It so happened that you also were in two of mj. negatirea. 
I promised to send you prints of these, whidi are herewith 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours , 




May 16. 1921. 

Mr. Edward A. Preble. * 

Biological Surrey, 
Vathiogton. d, C. 

Dtar Preble; 

In compliance with your request of the 14th 
inst., I m enelMli^ herewith « Ttry brief atatement 
concemii^ the work «d Mt. Rainier done by nj party in 

Please leek in all three catalogues (Temon Bailey »a, 
Walter Piiher'a. and A. £. Piaher'a) and find the"nu«ber 

of •pecimens of aaaals and birds . and kindly insert sane 
in the blanks left for the purpose on pagu 9. ©f the en- 
closed notes. 

On looking over mj Joumnl. I find that I hare 56 
closely writton pages on this trip, A couple of years 
ags Taylor brought a stenographer up hsrt and copied 
n^t he wanted of this naterisl. 


I regret that the report has to bs published else- 
whers instead of by the Biological Surrey. 

Vhen 70U hsra footed up the totel nunb^r of naBm&lt 
and birds coUsoted by vj party, kindly drop me a line, 
or phona m» ao that I may add the numberm to my notea. 

?ery truly yours. 





' ^ 




In July 1897 Dr. C. Hart Merriam, with Vernon Bailey and 
Walter K. Fisher as assiitants, crossed the Cascade Range with 
•■ pack outfit from North Yakima to Ht. Rainier. The crossing 
was made in a rery difficult place in the neighborhood of North 
Cowlitz Pas8« whence the descent on the west side led to the 
upper waters of Cowlits River, i^ich was followed down to Skate 

Creek« Here the ground was honejcombed with burrows of a large 


taillevs rodenC of the genus AplodoritYg . so that the horses con- 
tinually hroke through up to their bellies and were greatly ex- 
hausted before reaching the trail that led orer the Sawtooth 
Range. This trail was followed up to the suHiit of the ridge 
at the south end of Skate Mountain, 4,000 feet abore the river. 


Then, the north slope of Sawtooth Range was descended to Long- 
mire Springs .whence a southerly slope of Mt. Rainier was climbed 
to Paradise Park, where camp was established and *ere they were 
joined by Dr. /.. K. Pisher, who had been sent in adrance via the 
Nisqually Road and had already made important collectioni. Active 



field work was continued in the Paradise Park region from August 2 
to 9, i^n the party descended to the forest cabin of the venerable 
botanist. Professor Oscar D. Allen, whence they followed up Rainier 
Pork and camped in Indian Henry's Hunting Ground, where they worked 

until noon of the 13th. 

In the course of the work on Mt. Rainier, 

specimens of 

maanals and 

of birds were secured and forwarded to the Biologi- 

cal Surrey collection and are now in the D. S. National Museum. In 
addition to these, many specimens were collected while crossing the 
Cascade Range, from July 26 to July 31. And furthermore, on both 
east and west slopes of the Cascades, on north and south slopes of 
the Sawtooth Range, and on southerly and southwesterly slopes of 
Mt. Rainier, numerous points along the boundaries of the life zones 
were determined with considerable accuracy, and copioiBB notes were 
made on the distribution and abundance of various species. Dr. Tay- 
lor has had access to this material in the preparation of his report. 



May 17, 1921. 

Dr. 2. W. Nelson Chief, 

U, S. Biological Survey, 

■Vashington, J). C. 

Bear Nelson: 

Znciosed herewith is a letter from Dr. Charles 
Stuart Moody of iienan. Idaho, in relation to hi. son who 
is anxious to secure a position for field work in the Bi- 
ological Survey. 

As you will see from this letter, he is a strapping 
young man of twenty-eight, a graduate of the University 
of Idaho, and trained as a civil engineer, but feeling 
that he has more aptitude for natural history work. Prom 
what I know of his father, i feel that the son would make 
gcod in a subordinate position with one of your field par- 
tie., and that he would develop into a good field naturalist. 
He *anta a chance, and I hope you may have some temporary po- 
sition which he may fit into. 

Perhaps you can tell the Doctor the kind of a place the 
the Woodhouse Jey nests in. 

Very truly you 

y^By 17, 1921. 



Dr. E, W Nelson, Chief. 

U, 3. Biological Survey, 

Washington. D. C. 

Dear Nelson: 

Owners of land in the western part of the Adiron- 
dacks are suffering great loss from the dam habits of the in- 
troduced Beaver. Captain Lyon de Camp and others have spoken 
to se about this for the past two year*, and recently I have 
received the following from my brother, C. Collins Merriam, of 
Lyons Palls, Lewis County. New York: 

'VPhere is not a stream or pond or lake on any proDertv 
owned by u» or by the Pishers or de Camps where the Beavers 
have not built dams and let water back and killed endless 
amount of timber ~ and the State repudiates paying the dam- 
age. We want expert advice ^at to do." 

Can you supply the advice asked for? 

Very truly yours. 



May 17, 1921. 

Dr. Charlas Stuart Moody, 

Me nan, Id&ho. 

*)ear Dr. Moody: 

Your latter of the 11th inat. came this morn- 
ing and I am obliged for the information it contains. I en 
taking t-he inetter up with Dr. E. W. Nelson. Chief of the Bi- 
ological Survey, in the hope that he may find some place in 
onfi of his field partiw which your son could fill tc mutual 
advantage. If your son wers qualified in the way of collect- 
ing and preparing specimens of mamials nnd birds, thsre would 
probably be bo difficulty in obtaining a position. However, 
M will hope for the best. 

lou ask about the nesting of Woodhouse Jay. According 
to my recollection, they usually build in willow thickets 
and other dense brush in the neighborhood of streaiw. 
^ith b*3t wishes, 

^ery truly your*. 


'f 1 


May 17, 1921. 

Superintendent of Documents, 

Crovemment Printing Office, 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Sir; 

Not having heard from you in reply to my letter 
of May 7, and being exceedingly anxious to secure the doc- 
ument asked for, -1079 W 1. 1: i860" containing report of 
the Secretary of War, I write again'to ask if this decument 
can be had. I am leaving for California in s stort time, 
and am particularly desircus of getting it before I go. 
An early reply will oblige. 

Very truly yours. 




May 17, 1921. 


The Cadmoa Book Shop, 

312 West 34th St. 

New Tork'ftity. 

Dear Sirs: 

lour catalogue Ho. 62 contains it— 996. Yoaaaite 
Guide Book , publiahed hy authority of the Legialatura of 
California, 1869, price ^.50. If a till unaold. please 

send me. 

Very truly yoara. 



I li A 








May 18, 1921. 

Professor C, P. Marvin, 

Ohief Weather Bureau, 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Professor Marvin: 

Replying to your letter of the 13th in- 
stant, just received would state that the name JkflXULBilftr, re- 
cently "changed" to Colorado m-rmr ty the Colorado Legislature, 
has not been formally acted on by the U. S. Geogrsphic Board. 

It may be stated, hc^.-T'er, that if either of the two riv- 

-_ *.u 4. '1. ^ * ^Colorado, 
ers that unite to form the ^ if to take the name Colorado, 

it should be the Grean. nat the (kaM. One of the principles 
edopted years ago by the Geographic Board is that "in case of 
a river the name should follow up its longest branch." Iccord- 
ing to the rule, if the name Colorado is to be extended to the 
heedwaters of either stream, it should follow the Green, whose 
length is 700 miles, not the Grand, whose length is only 423 
miles. The catchment basin of the Green is given by the U. S. 
Geological Survey as 44,400 square miles; that of the Grand 
only 25,900 square miles. The flow of the Grand however, in 

some seasons at least, is somewhat greater than that of the 

In the days of the fur-traders and early explorers Green 
River was variously called the 'Colorado «r f ^penish Ti^^^r ' 



tarv in 

li- "» 'Big Colombo of ihn Hmu.'. .„a th, 

" ^""°*'""- ■ '^"'^ !«»" . Pu. Trader- (1833 72 „„v, • k . 
i" 1898) „.ark,: «Gr«n Si.-, . , P"Mi»h.d 

1/ can.. .., ooi„„,: L L :; °.°"" -^ "°* '■^-'"- 

Colorado River was fon.erly aonlied t iT """ 

«„^ p T , ^ ^^^"'^ *° **^« '^ole river. Green 

and Colorado toeeth«r tv,,* , 

th. i ,■ * "• •"" "" o-ly '" 'tat portion belo. 

th, junctxo. Of the Gr.,„ ,„„ Q„.d" (Hl.tory A.,rioaa Fur. 

Trade, 1902). 

I bar. not ,et had ti., to ™ke anything approaching a 
o^plot. aaaroh of tha ,arl, iiteratur. on exploration all 

travel in th, Bocky Konntain region tnt f™. . 

"8ion. 6ut fro. a number of books r^;.^, 

on th. snbj^t co^pri^ng record, of early Pur Trader, and ez- 
plorer.. It appa.r. that tha na,e. Colorado Rivar. Colorado of 
the «..t. Oraan or Colorado. «- Mo Colorado, the Graat Colorado 
0/ the l.e.t. and other .i,ilar for™' were uni, applied to 

the fii^ 'S'ooV'"' "'" ""'" "" 1=" ""'"• Thi. i. 

shora b, the j^ of Captain Ja«„ Bacbrourth 1822. Jedediah 
S.ith 1824, W. H. iahle, 1825. Bonneville 1832. J. X. lo^.end 
1834. S«.uel Parker 1836. Zona. Leonard 1839. iaah.l Hunger 183S 
Father da S..t 1841. Pre»ont 1842. Joal Pal™r 1846-6 xJ.7.nt isie 
Waehington Irrlng 184S. CoUon'e Bap of C.lifon,ia. Oregon. Taxa. " 
and Territoria, 1849. Ston.bu>y 1852. Belano 1864. and ,o on. 

Very truly yours. 








May 18, 1921 


May 18, 1921. 

Dr. George Bird Grinnell, 
238 East 15th St., 
New York City. 

Dear Dr. Grinnell: 

Thanks very ouch for your letter, "but I 

was very sorry not to see you agein in the flesh. Howerer 
I believe you said you were coming on here again the latter 
pert of the month, and since it now looks as if I should be 
here until the end. we may be able to get together once more 
before pulling apart for the stunmer. 

In the August 1917 number of Pores t and Stream a fellow 
by the name of Hancock M. Johnston published an article enti- 
tled The Bear Hun t »t San Paacual incidentally illuBtrating 
San Pascual with Mrs. Grinnell's photograph of the towering 
mountain in Glacier Park. But the point I went to ask about 
is this; Johnston describes the details of a Grizzly roping 
bee in the San Pascual country in the early days, but if he 
says anything about the date. I have missed it. Have you any 
means of knowing approximately the year in which this hxmt 

took place? 

As ever yours , 

-^ .-- 


Dr. B. W. Nelson Chief, 

u. S. Biological Surrey. 
Washington, D. (5. 

Dear Nelson; 

If I am not mistaken, your predatory animal men 
furnish the Biological Surrey with report, on the Game ini^als 
of the various stafs. I am anxious to learn where Grizzly 
Bears now exist in the Western United State, aside fit,« Yel-' 
lowstone National Park and the adjoining Ibsoroka and Wind 
HiT.r Motmtain. along its eastern bonier, and shall be very 
thankful if you will kindly hare some one send me the infoma- 
tion your files contain on this subject. 

If this can be done in the rery near future, it will be 
8 gr..t faror a. I want to incorporate the information (in 
most case, omitting exact localities) in an article I am try- 
ing to complete before my departure for California. 

: Very truly yours. 




Hay 18« 1921. 


John A. Koons, JsQ. , 

Ironclad Boo ring Co., - 
410 F St., Washington. D. C. 


Dear Sir: 

In accepting yonr bid for wtorproofing m, gpng* 

and adjoining wall, on April 9, I .tipol-tod that tb. Jo. 
Should h. co^lot* within th. -xt fow d^.- «^i. ^ eon- 
eidarahly .ore than a .onth .go »d th. joh h.. ^i yt b." 
completed a. your fore«n will «pUi« to you. I. -grood 
*en her. l..t to have th. r«.indT .tUndod to .t o»o., 
,ut up to dat. no on. fro. your ..Ubli-ta-nt h.. .hown up. 
As I a. l^iTing for Calif omU in th. nwr futur.. it 
would .... to h. worth wbil. to ooiipLt. th. Joh n-. 

▼ery truly yo«.. 

^ ^\->- 





May 21. 1921. 


Mr. Janes MoCoraiok, 

U. S. Gaologioal SnrreT, 

Waahington, fi. G. 

Dear Mr. MoCoraiok: 

In oozmaotioa with tha raMrkabla trip of 
Jadadiah Smith acroaa tha deaarta frtrn Graat Salt Laka to San 
Diago in 1826 I hare bacoae intaraatad in traoii^ hia roata'. 
If I an not miatakaa. Dale and othara fro« uafmiliarity with 
tha region hara arrad in tha route thay hare iadieatad. 

In order to aettle the matter I naad detailed mapa of 
aouthweatam. Iftah and the adjacent part af amtrama eastern 
Nerada ctfyaring the courae of tha Virgin and Maddy Rirara. 
Has the Surrey any map aheeta of thia region? If yoa cafe 
help me I shall be greatly obliged, 

▼ery truly youra. 






May 23, 1921 

Mr. W. H« Alexander. 

Chico, Calif. 

My dear Sir: 

Per several years I have been collecting 

odds and ends of material and references to General 
Bidwell and his records relating to California Indians 
in the early days« Recently T Lave heen told that you 
have copies of works on General Bidwell 's life — one 
prepared by Colonel Royce. the other by Mvpeos Benjamin 
I should like to procure thes«, and if you will kindly 
?end me one cOpy of each with bill for same, I shall be 

gr&i?*ly obliged. 

Yery truly yours. 



May 23, 1921. 



Dr» E. W. Nelson, Chief, 

U« S. Biological Survey, 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Dr* Nelson: 

Very many thanks for the prints of 

Bear skulls transmitted with your letter of the 19th 
instants I will fix up the set for Colonel McGuire 
and forward them to him at once. 

Very truly your*. 









• '^ ' ^1^ I ^lll 




Maj 23, 1921 

Mr« M. U. AlexaMer. 

Chico, Calif. 

My dear Sir: 

For several yearv I hare been collecting 

odds and ends of material and references to General 
Bidwell and Ida redorda relating to California Indiaaa 
in the early days, fiecently T liaTe been told that you 
have copies of worka on General Bidwell 'a life — one 
prepared hy Colonel Royce. the other by Ibfliua Benjamin 
I should like te procure theatt and if you will kindly 
^end me one c&py of each with bill for aane, I shall be 

gr^;?*ly obliged^ 

Tery truly yours. 

^ -^^-^ >■ * j^ 

t^ jiwx<ji_ 

<-*>_»— *s_/f . -^--fc^X 





( x' 






May 23, 1921. 

Dr. S« W* Nelson, Chief, 

D. S. Biological Survey, 

Washington, D. C« 

Bear Dr« Nelson: 

Very aany thanks for the prints of 

Boar akulla tranandtted with your letter of the 19th 


and forward them to him at once. 

Tory truly youra. 

Retake of Preceding Frame 




May 23, 1921. 

Colonel James A. McGuire, 
Editor 'Outdoor Life*. 
Denver, Coloraao, 

Dear Colonel McGuire: 

lou remind me of my sister: She asks more 
questions in ten minutes than I oan answer in six months. 

However since the receipt of yours of the 2nd inst.. I have 
been at work on^the skull measurements of big Bears which you 
asked for. and.also tried with only partial success to secure 
the photographs you wanted. As a matter of fact, skull photo- • 
graphs. except to technical students of manna 1, .rarely show dif- 
ferences enough to appeal to the ordinary observer, hence from 
my point of view it would hardly be worth ^ile to publish so 
many as you asked for. 

Those that sho, the „08t .triki,^ contrast ar, »hni„ck- 
rodf. Peninsula Bear. !to«_gBa. and the great Sadiak Bear 
a^a^Udiandfirta. Profile Wewe of the., are encloaed here- 
with and should he reduced to scale and printed side h, sid. 
to gi„ the right effect. ^ they s.and.,«alli„ckr.df3 ^. 
*ich is a couple of inches longer than the acccpanying stall 
of the Kadiak Bear (No. 96509). is decidedly seller owing to 
the lamentable condition of the Biological Surrey-, photog^ph- 
ic husines. at the present tl„.. Owing to excessive o,ercro«i- 




" ^ 





ing. it has been deemed necessary to ,s torg, the large cameras and 
tte negatives and other photographic material, so that a search 
for a particular negative necessitates the going to th -ee dif- 
ferent buildings and working over thousands of negatives to find 
the one desired. In the case of at least two of the skulls want- 
ed, the negative was not found, and the enclosed photograph of 
the Kadiak Bear (No. 96509) was photographed from the illustra- 
tion published by me several years ago in 

All of the good photographs are from negatives that 1 had 
made some years ago. None of these are to scale, but they should 
be_reproduced ^o^scale by making use of the measurements C either 
greatest length or condylo-basal lengt^in the accompanying table 
of measurements. The man who makes your electros oan easily do 
this, of course. *-« 

of Shins 

'gaat A^qyi 

»4- Y"-^ 

you asked for. 

I am writing an article on The Praaant Status of Rri^^.Ti«fl 
in the Pnited StatW? treating the subject by regions and mentioi 
ing the localities «*iere certain species still exist, and also 
the species that are believed to have become extinct during the 
last fifty years. If Outdoor Lifn would care for an article of 
this kind, I may send it to you. 


I realize that the enclosed note is about as dry and unin- 
teresting as anything can be, but it is hard to put much of in- 








terest in statistics or aeesurements. 

i' la reading the last number o f OntHonr Uff f I was ploased 
to see that you have fldpt in the matter of protection of Alas- 
ka B«ar8, It is a good sign when such positiTe men as B. W. 
Kelson and Colonel McGuire are willing to publicly announce a 
change of heart, 

Very truly yours. 

-Q : 




.\ >^- 

'^ - 

Ths three species of Grizzly whose skull photographs are en- 
cl08.<l herewith are: niafeiaJtflx from southern Califomia. rfigfirsi 
fro. Gray Bull in the Absaroka Mountains. 8«d iairdi from Sabelle 
Hole. 65 «il.s north of Cheyenne. This latter skull belongs to W. 
C, Bradbur, of Denrer and was killed by his huiiter. Harry Yountz. 
in 1884. It is a valuable specimen and ought to be in our National 
Museu. with the other Bear skulls, now numbering more. than 2.500. 
ms is nz>t only the largest collection of Bear skulls in the world 
but outnumbers all other collections put together, and contains so ' 
"«ny types and rare specimens that for all time to come students of 
i»erxoan Bears can do nothing without it. I borrowed Bradbury's skull 
several years ago and tried to buy it. but he would neither sell nor 
present it to the collection. ^ 



May 23, 1921. 



May 24. 1921. 

Colonel James A. McGuire, 
Editor tlj^tdoor Li f g , 

lenyer, Colorado, 

Dear Colonel McGuire: 

Very many thanks for your kindness in 
sending me your interesting book In tha Alaaka- 

It is a fine thing for students of our larger manmals as well 
as for sportsmen and hunters that you hare rehabilitated your 

* Liffi 

ing to take any chances, I cut out and assembled your articles 
as they originally appeared so that I now have then in both 
forms. I trust the book will have the circulation it so well 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 






Colonel W.B. Greeley, 

Forest Service, 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Colonel Greeley: 

1)0 the records of the Forest Service 
contain data on the present distribution of Grizzly Bea« 
in the National Forssts? 

•ing an article on The Pr^B^nf. .q t ; ^^,,^ ^f 
Pnitei Stntfta. and am anxioiM to i-oT-n «# 

as many areas as possible where Grizzlies are still to be 
found, for as you know, they are extinct over aore than 
three-quarter, of their former range. I am not interested 
in the distribution of the comnon small Black Bear. If you 
can help me in the matter I shall be greatly obliged. 

Very truly yours. 



munn sizes op skuu^ op the largest auerican bears 

lo The Biggest of the Big Brcwn Beaw of llaslca 
The largest living camirorea are Boars, and the largest of 
these inhabit North America. Il>ose of greatest size are the huge 
Brown Bears of the coast region of Alaska, particularly the Alaska 
Peninsula Bear iUxaJUL^jUL) and the Kadiak Bear ( 
full grown ™ales of which weigh in the neighborhood of 2.000 pounds. 
The question is often asked as to which of the two is the larger. 

This is difficult tc answer for the 

reason that exact weights and 

measurements of freshly kill«/« Ammoi- ««^ • ui. 

xioouxjf Kxxiea animals are aightj scarce; irtiile 

the skulls of the two differ so widely in form and proportions 
that they are hardly comparable. The largest skulls of gyaa an 
longer then those of mj jdendorf f 1 . but they are much 

narrower and 

flatter. The skull of the great Kadiak Bear, as shown by the ac- 
companying photograph, is enomously broad across the z^pmatic 
arches, and the top of the skull is 

. exceeding in 


respect all other liring Beara 

The largest skull of the Peninsula Bear known to me aeasures 




: 1 





I I 480 BB (18-7/8 inches) in greatest length, and has a cond/lo-basal 

length of 445 mm (17^ inches). It was killed on Bear River. Alaska 
Peninsula by Captain Wagner and secured by Miss Annie Alexander of 

Oakland. California, who presented it along with the rest of her 
splendid collection to the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology of the 
University of California. The next largest specimen was killed 
at Cold Bay on the Bering Sea side of Alaska Peninsula in June 
1920 by E. Mallinckrodt^of St. Louis, and generously presented 
to the Biological Survey collection of the U. 3. National Museum. 
This skull measures 465 mm (18-5/16 inches) in greatest length by 

425 mm (16-3/4 inches ),.condylo-basal length. 

Other exceptionally l»rge Bears of this species were killed 
bj C. G. Mixter of Boston and E. Steedman of St. Louis. 

Contrasted with these are the measurements of the largest 
skull known of the great Kadiak Bear. The greatest length of 
this skull is 457 nm (18 inches), its condylo-basal length 41£ mm 
(16^ inches), but its bread ih across the out bowed zygomatic arches 


iB 306 am (a trifle over 12 inches), while the dome of the akuU 
is vastly higher than in any other species. This is one of the 
ceses where the usual measurements fail to show the striking pe- 
culiarities of the species. For it is evident that while the big- 
gest skull known of the iCadiak Bear is nearly an inch shorter than 
that of the largest known Peninsula Bear, its "breadth and mass are 
greater and the vault of the cranium is conspicuously higher. 

Z. The Bigge st Grizzlie s of the United States 
Now as to the Grizzly Bears; There are in the United States » 

Canada, and Alaska a surprisifigly large numher of widely distinct 
species of Grizzlies — - some large, some of medium siza, some 
small* While the larger species are huge animals, they nevertheless 

are decidedly smaller than the Big Brown Bears of the Alaska coasts 
as shown hy the accompanying table of skull measurmnents* The largest 
of all the Grizzlies is the great Ursua magiatsr of the Santa Ana* 
Santa Bosa, and Cuyamaca Mountains of Southern California. Hext comes 
the California coast Grizzly, Ursua californicua , and then three of 









Relative Sizes o f the Skulls of 

the larger Rocky Mountain species — bairr!! , rogergj. and 

For contrast with these I have introduced the measurements of 

es — 

an old male of the smallest of all the Grizsli 
of the Sierra Madre of northern Mexico. 

The table of measurements shows clearly that 

of Southern California is not only the largest of the Gri 


80 far as length of skull is concerned, but also that it is broad- 
est across the top (across the frontal shield)and between the 
orbits; and the side view of the skull shows that the vault of 

the craniiai is higfier — more domed — than in any other of 



The females of all of these Bears are very much smaller than 
the males — in some cases so much smaller that it is herd to be- 
lieve that they belong to the same species. 






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iiay X, 1921. 

Colonel C. C. Royce, 

The Cairo. Washington, D. C. 

tfj dear Colonel Royce; 

Mr. Henshaw has just brought me the 
handsome copy of your work on General Bidwell thst you hare 
teen so kind as to give me. I have heen looking in second- 
hand book catalogues for it without success for several 
yeers past and am correspondingly delighted to have a" copy. 
I have visited BanskLChios. several times, both before and- 
since General Bidwell's death, and received courtesies fwm 

both the General and Mrs. Bidwell, 

The General was so closely associated with, ani in fact 

took such 8 prominent part in. the early history of the State 

that I have been anxious to obtain everything possible relat- 

ing to him. 

While my special interests are in relation to the Indians 
of Califoraia. I am also interested' in everything relating to 
its history and development. A hasty scanning of your book 
shows that it is of interest to me throughout, and that it 
will put ma on the track of other interesting documents. 

In this connection. I want to say that I have many times 


r i 

Colonel C. C. RoYce 2 

consulted your great work on InAlen Land Geaaiona. published 
by the Bureau of Ethnology in 1899. 

Again thanking you for your book on General Bidwell, and 

with best wishes for your recovery. 

Very truly yours. 


( « 


May 28. 1S21. 


May 30. 1921. 

Mr. W, I. Adams, Accountant. 

Smithsonian Institution^ 

Washington, D. 0. 

Dear Mr. Adams: 

is the owners of the Northumberland apart- 
ment decline to renew any leases, I hare given up my 
apartment and em moving to my house, 1919 Sixteenth 


The owners agreed to cancel the lease at the end of 

this month, so there will be no rent bill to pay for June 

Very truly yours. 




City Postmaster, 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Sir; 

Until further notice please have your meil 
carriers deliver at my house. 1919 Sixteenth ^tr^^t n 
all mail so addressed, and also all mail addressed to 
"»• Northumberland apartwegt for C. .'iart Merriam. Mrs. 
T. J. Verriaa. and Miss Zenaida Merriam. 

Very truly yours. 










1 r 





Uaj 30, 1921. 


Mr. Jamas HcComick, 

U. S# Geological Survey. 

Washington » D. 0. 

Dear Mr. McCormick: 

Yary aany thanks for the trouble you hare 
taken in digging out and sanding me the naps I wanted coTering 
southwestern Utah and southeastern Herada. They oontain Bost 
of the information I was seeking except that the las Yegas sheet 
recaiTTad is the one for Las Tagas, Hew Barioq instead of Las Tegaa 

There does not sees to exist any single detailed map coTer- 
ing the course of the Meadow Valley Hash and the laddy on the west 
and extending far enough east to include the waters of the Virgin. 
It is ohvioijys to me, however, that Jedediah Smith in 1827 traveled 
in 8 general southwesterly direction until he struck the Meadow 
Valley Wash which he followed southwest to the Muddy, and did not 
reach the Virgin, if at all, until very low down« 

Thanking you for helping me out with these mapa^ 

Very truly yours » 




Mr. W« I. IdcDBS, AooountaQt, 

anithsonian Institution, Washington, D. 

Dear Mr. Adanai: 

Juna 1. 1921 


I am transmitting my ezptnsa account for 
tha month of May, amounting to $19.45, along with tha acooapanyii^ 
Touchers, which I shall be obliged if you will pay as usual from 
the Uarriman Fund. 

As I wrote you the other day, we were obliged to gire up our 
office apartment at the Morthiii«bnrl»f»i for the reason that the own 
ers refused to renew any leases. After a tedious search of apart- 
ment houses, we failed to find any suitable office apartment for 
less then $120. per month, irtiich ia too much for our fund, so 1 
had everything mored into our house and garage hoping that I may 
be able to find something arailable on my return fr<» California 
in the fall. 





Before starting for California. I will turn in anothar set of 
vouchers covering stenographer's serrioes. Bear skulls, and other 
expenses to date. 

YottclierB : 

Very truly yours. 

Frederick Coville, Automobile and Helper li day for $15.00 
moving light furniture, pictures, and office supplies 

Merchants' Transfer & Storage Co., for moving heavy 

office furniture 
Zenaida Merriam, Services 

State Museum. N. I., Wild Flowara of Raw YoA. 2 vols. 
E. Morrison Paper Co., Letter Copy Book, 166o 
May Telephone, Northianberland 





^- i-€es><< \ tt^. 


vjvik J- 


■' -i^- 









Mfly 10 



0. Hart Merriam 

1919 Sixteenth St., Washington, D. C 


Ixpressage on Package to Academy of Sciences, 1 

San Francisco 

The Globe-Wemicke Co., 10 File Guides 2 

Game Breeder, Subscription 1921 
Science Monthly, Subscription 1921 

Stamped Envelopes 

Charwoiaan, Cleaning Office, Month of May 3 


Electric Current, April 22 to May E3 4 

$3 18 


2 00 
5 00 

1 12 

5 00 
1 00 
1 40 

$19 45 


Forty-five — - 






Jum 1, 1921. 

**■• ''I* id"", iooMtntant. 

SnithsoniaB Inatitution. lashiogton. D. C. 

Dear Mr. Adaaa: 

Harawith I am transnitting mj axpanaa aooonnt for 
tha Bonth of lay, aBMmnting to $19.45. along with tha aeooa^coiTii^ 
Tonohera, whioh I ahall ba obligad if you will pay aa naval tnm 
tha Uarrinan Fund. 

la I wrota you the other day, wa ware obligad to giro up our 
office apartaant at tha MflT^hwtuifi^mi for the reaaon that the om 
am refused to renew any leaaaa. After a tediona aearoh of apart- 
■ant houaea, we failed to find any ani table offioe apartaent for 
leaa than $120. per wonth. irtiieh ia too wuoh for our fond, ao I 
had ererything Bored into our houae and garage hopii^ that I aay 

be able to find aowething arailable on my return fro« California 
in the fall. 

• • • 

Before atarting for California, I will torn in aaothar set of 
Tonohers eoTering atenographer's serrioas. Bear aknlls. and other 



expenses to data 

Very truly yours. 

Frederidc Coville. Autonobila and Helper 1| day for 
■OTing lig^t furniture, pictures, and offioe supplies 

Merchants' Transfer & Storage Co., for moTing heary 

office furniture 
Zenaids Merriaa, Serrices 

State Museim. N. I.. Wi ld FLowera of Maw Ta |*r. 2 vols. 
I. Morrison Paper Co., Letter Cony Jk>ok. 1000 iMuzas 
May Telephone .Northumberland *^ 

A^\. a. Ue^'i \ t« — »^ ^k.xk^\ :^,6■t -U4,. t.,j^ ui=cH^, * 





■<r- , 




4 .. 

May 10 









0. Hart Merriaa 

1919 Sixteenth St.. Washington, D. C 

Ixpresssge on Package to Aoadewy of Sciencea, 

San Pranciaco 

The Globe-Wemicke Co.. 10 


Gawe Breeder, Subacription 1921 
Science Itonthly. Subscription 1921 

Staaped Inrelopes 

Charwoiun. Cleaning Office, Month of May 

Jani tor 

noctric Current. April 22 to May 23 



$3 18 




5 00 

1 12 


5 00 

1 00 


1 40 

$19 45 




Retake of Preceding Frame 

r o 

June 1, 1921. 

Mr, A. Bonaiti, Postmester, 

Lagunitas, Calif. 

Deer Mr. Eonaiti: 

On and after receipt of this letter, please 
hold ell mail addressed to ay family at Lagunitas* 

I have been obliged to move my office, which has caused 

the most disappointing delay. We now hope to get away in 

about a week, and shall proceed direct to Lagunitas. 

Very truly yours. 





I n 

I V 







» - 

I ^. 


June 1, 1921* 

Superintendent of Documents, 

Government Printing Office. 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Sir: 

Replying to your letter of May 24, would state that 

the volume sent me by mistake contained matter of interest 

ai?d therefore is retained. 

The other volume, containing the report of Colonel Dixon 

in the Report of t^^ Secretar y Q^ ^a^- I860- QP ^^e Snake In- 
dians. has also arrived for ^ich I am enclosing herewith 
fifty cents in compliance with your endorsement on my letter 

of May 17. 

I shall be obliged if you will kindly send me the fol- 
lowing price lists of government publications: 

No. 24 Indians 
" 53 Maps 
•• 69 Pacific States 

Very truly yours. 



June It 1921. 

ColoMl H« C. BiMr, 

D« 3. Geological Svmj. 

Wnhingtoiit u. C. 

Mj doar Colonel Riser: 

Can pm aead wb 


treatli^ of the Inrfaoe aater ef tte Snifio Slope 

ern California? If ao. I ahall be e¥ligeA« 

Very truly j^^B^n^ 







I I 


•-<, I 




im» 2, 1921, 




June 2, 1921. 

Chief, Dirision of Maps and Charts. 

Library of Congress, Washington. D. C. 

Dear Sir: 

Can you tell m the present location of a up of the 
Hestem Uni^i^^ 

Sadill. fur trader and explorer? 

I hare seen maerooe references to this wp.aad sersral 
statewnts to the effect that it mn purchased hy the IhiUd 
States GoreniMBt. The War Departaent reports that it has no 
record of it. 

y Aahley. a partner of Jedediah Snith, furnished Gallatin 

a small scale copy of ufaat apparently was this aap. and the new 
information contained therein was incorporatad by Gallatin in 
^^ i tP of the Indian Tribes nf North A«.^^n pabliahed in the 
*rgB8acti9np gi the American Antignarim ggflifltj , rol, 2, facing 
page 264, 1836 (revised edition in 
Iggigfll gooiftty, Tol. 2. ifrontispiece. 1848). 

The original is said to haye been a rather- large map with 
much detail not shown by Gallatin. I am anxious to locate it 
with spev^ip.l reference to some of Jedediah Smith's routes. 

Veiy truly yours. 



Mr. Will C. Barnaa, 

Poreat Sarrice, ^ 
Washington. D. 

Dear Mr. Bamea: 

Thanks for your letter of May 25 in relation 

to Griailj Bears. I shall be rery glad if you will ask your 
SuperrisoTs to report on the presence of Grizzlies in the 
rarions TFbresta so that next fall we mj be able to locate 
the ar»« still inhabited by these animals. 

Thanking you for your courtesy in the matter, 

?ery truly yours. 



June 2. 1921. 

G. E. Stechert & Co. 

151 West ZSti St.. 

New York City. 

Dear Sirs; 

In my letter of May 13 I asked if you would kindly 
send «e. with bill for sa.e. all number, of the MfflBlJifinil 

JoumM of ^mnrirnnLin m l riti published to date, except 

No. 1 which I already had. You replied under date of May 16 
that you had entered my subscription for the Journal, and stated 
that only two numbers had been published. In this case why hare 
you not sent me No. 2? Nothing ha. been receiTed. 

VeT7 truly yours. 
























June 7. 1921. 

Mr. R. A, 'rihall. Manager. 

Ketropoliten Air Goods Co., 

Athol, Mass. 

Dear Sir; 

Referring to your letter of March 15 last would 
say that I do not know of any "reliable up-to-date deal- 
er in Washington** who would be apt to handle your goods 

In this same letter you offer to send on approval tp. 
my^California h,o^ such articles as I may select from your 
cataloguiB of air goods. Acting on this suggestion, I shall 
^. be glad if you will send rtm one of your 

size Nc. 1, 25 by 48 inches; and also 1 No. 8 
CligJbloa. 15 by 15 Inchss. with bill for same. 

Be sure tc send with thim one of your air pumps so that 
they may be iii/j/Sted without putilJig ral^S to the mouth. 

If these goods c^n pJ? sent by p^rgels post\ they should 

be addressed to me at my summed ^P"^®» ^ 

^ut if they hpve to be sent by iiSJ^^ieSS , they should be ad- 
dr«s"^ to 5if at San Geronimp fj^nt >thc reason that there is 
Ho exojress office at Lagunitas. 

^ In caw you ai^lNreel 
would suggest the Sllery 
ere one of the principal 

Very tr alj ycun^""* 


June 6, 1921. 



Dr. Charles S. Moody, 

Menan, Idaho. 

Dear Dr. Moody: 

Thanks for your letter of May 28 in regard 
to the desert Grizzlies. I am very glad to know that some 
of these animals are still living in the Arco and Minidoka 
Desert region, and wish I was in shape to join you on a 
hunt for them. 

I am just now getting ready to go to my summer home 
in California from which as a base I expect to be off on 
field work for the next six months* Later or I hope I 
may be able to accept your invitation. Meanwhile, if bj 
any accident you should learn of the death of one of these 
Bears, I hope you will make it known that I am in the mar- 
ket for its skull. 

Before this you have doubtless heard from Dr. Nelson 
in regard to the possibility of giving your son a chance 
for field work, though I fear the inducement at the pres- 
ent time is mighty small. 

With best wishes and thanks for the information about 

the Bears, 

Vary truly yours. 





June 8, 1921. 

June 8, 1921. 

Honorable Cherles H. Burke, 

Connnissioner of Indien Affairs, 

Washington, D. 0. 

Dear Sir: 

In July 1827 Jedediah S. Smith wrote an important 
letter to General William Clark, then Superintendent of In- 
dian Affairs, telling of his expedition to California of the 
preceding year. 

A copy of this letter is on file in the office of the 
Historical Society of Kansas at Topeka. It apparently con- 
tains one or two errors. I an exceedingly anxious to see 
the original, and am therefore writing to ask if it is on 
file in your office. 

Very truly yours, 

I 1^ 

Mr* Gtay B. Kennedy, 
Chico, Calif. 

Dear Sir: 

A letter just received from Mr. William M* Alexander 
tells ne that he has referred to you my recent request for 
copiee of pablicatione by Colonel Royce end Marcus Benjamin 
on the life of Genral Bidwell. Since writing this letter I 
hare obtained a copy of Colonel Royce *s book. I am now anxious 
to secure Mr. Benjamin's publication, and will thank you if 
you will put me In the wey of obtaining it. ..^ 

As I am going to California _in a few days, I shall be 
obliged if you will kindly address me at 

Qomty, gfliifomiftp 

Very truly yours. 










t. • i| 




Jtme 8, 1921. 


Bditor, the Sherman Bulletin. 
Biverside, California. 

Dear Sir: 

I shall be obliged if jon will kiaily change the 
address of mj copy of Shefan BHiiotiii fnu 1919 Sixteenth 
Street, Washington, D. C. ,to 
beginning with the next ntmberC which will contain the names 
and addresses of the recently graduated class) and continue 

until the Novanibiir nniitKiT'. 

Very truly yours. 



June 10, 1921. 

Mr. P. L. Phillipc, 

Chief, Division of Maps, 

Libr8T7 ^^ Congress, 
Washington, D. C. 

My dear Sir: 

Very many thanks for your meraorandum of the 
4th ins tent in reply to ray inquiry al)out Jededieh Smithes 
mep of 1827. 

Wilkes* map of Upper California of 1841 to which you 
refer shows Smith's rfliiini 'track* from California to Salt 
Lake in 1827, hut does not show the route in which I am par- 
ticularly interested, namely, that froa Salt Lake southwest- 
erly to the :Bend of the Colorado. 

You have cited two references which I have not seen, 
and I wish to thank you for them. 

Very truly yours. 

June 10, 1921 

Mr. Sdward A* Preble, 
Biological Survey, 

Washington, D. 0. 

Dear Preble: 

Theriks for your letter of the 6th instant. 

You ask about my record of Porcupine gnawings: 1 
have nothing to add to the statement taken by Taylor from 
ay Mtt Rpjajgr Jouragl of August 1897, where the following 
note occurs on page 57: •^rethizon -- 1 few Porcupine 
gnawingp were seen.^ Maybe Taylor thinks that Bailey and 
I do not know Porciapine gnawings when wa see them, as we 
have examined only a few thousand in different mountains 
of the West* 

If I remember correctly, it was our field practice 
to enter the birds collected in the back part of the mam* 

aal catalogues. 

Very truly yours. 




Museum of History. Science, and Art 

Los Angelea, Calif, 
Deer Mr. Wyman; 

Pleas. p„don «,y lo,^, 1„ replying to 
d-eot.„g tsM, i„ *,, ,„,p,,,,_ ^.^, ,^.^ J ^^^ ^^__ 

IT ?:" "' °'"°' '™ "° *"""■« - ■*«" " ^. 

of return,,^ to mj Califon,!. 1,b„ f„r the ,™„, r . 

ferin County. r t6. ,„„,.. j^g^^^,^ 

It has been i»posaiU. for n» to ^k, th. n.c.ary cc- 

P^nsona ,ith tho two akalla I ha,. borrow,d fro. .„ Z 
^ hnn« 4-u ^ . o uurrowea from your Museum. 

- hop, tl„r,for. that th, «u„„ ,ai b. .iHi,^ to let .. 
tain th« until .y r.turn „.,t fall Tha. a 


longer any question as to their identify a i/^ 

tueir laentity and ownership.t^ 

ofth sTr''^' '"'"' "''' "" ^^^° -''- '- nnish the study 
Of these speciHiena during the pest few n,onth8. 

'^«ry truly yours. 

^** *• rV-Owv^^^*"^-^ 



' f^-v-i -^ o^ ^.^.^^..^u^ I 



June 11 , 1921. 

Executive Secretarv 
""'-•inal Parks'^ 

1512 H St.. Washi^toi. D. Q. 

National^Parks Association, 

Dear Sir; 

In paying my dues in accordance with the slip re- 
ceived tod.y. I find my eddress given as S^^mmiUxLl^. 
lilUOi. This is ziat snd llfiieiLJl£S_t^«i my address, and is 
widely different from the address I gave you. My summer ad- 
dress (June to November) is always the same - 1^,,,,^, 
Marl llCgBntT , 0, l1 fp,,i a. My wiMsr address is always the 

'^' " ^^212-SiitMiiiiL_S]u:^^ .el 

If your office has l,een missending literature to me 
at the Smithsonian, it is hardly to be wondered at that I 

have not received it. 

Very truly yours. 




June 11. 1921. 

June U. 1921. 

Hr. S. Uallinckrodt, Jr.. 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works, 

St. Louis, Mo. 

Dear Mr. Mallinckrodt: 

On going to the Hasetoi today for th« 
first tine in sereral weeks, I was chagrinsd to find thst 
the skull of your female Uraua gy as had not been returned 
to you, although I had left direstions for its return sobs 
time ago. It will he shipped ^nday. 

The additional skull from ttnrgatroyd aentioned in your 
letter of May 17 has not "been receired. 

I am leering for California in a few days and expect to 
he gone until fall. My address there, as usual, is TflgnnJ tw ■ 
in County. Galifomia. 

With best wishes, 

V«ry truly yours. 


Captain 1. B. Conorer, 

Telegraph Creek, B. C. 

ly dear Sir: 

We hare recently received from you four skulls 

of Grizsly Bears — one old male from the Stikine , one old 

feaals from Ghssley Birer, and tvfo young males (both marked 

female) from Iskoot Hirer—for which I hare, credited your 

account $30.00. a check for which will be sent you in a few 

days fx«m my fund in the Skithaonian Institution. 

Very truly yours. 


^ i 



June 11, 1921. 

Mr. J, H. idwarda, 

Bella Coola, B. C, 

Deer Sir; 

Ih. t« Gri.zlj, Stan, mentioMd in ,„„r of 
y 12 ha„ .rri^d. I „ crediting ,.„ account .1th $4.00 
for th. young f,„i,. 3„j ^^.00 for th. old m»I.. 

I have al,o r,c.i„d, without any, t« additional 
•kull. lab.l.d a, colUcfd by B. i. !d,.rd.,,ho, I ,n,^ to 
be your hroth«-. J.r thl. .hlp..„t I cr.dl t »8.00 for th. fa. $2.00 for th. cub. ^king $10.00 dua B. A. M„rd.. I 
». addi^ thi. amount to th, $16.00 vouchar for your t„ atau. 
»«»g $26.00 in .11. . ehack for .hich .iU h. ..nt you ft,. 
.7 account In th. S^ithaonia. in a fa, da,.. I .hall h. ohligad 
I' y<™ «l: kindly pay th. $10.00 to S, A. M,.rt.. 

Very truly yours. 



June 11. 1921 • 

Mr. George H. Peterson, 

Sitka, Alaska. 

Dear Sir: 


The nine Bear skulls mentioned in your letter 
of March 29 have arrived and I have just examined them* 
They are not a very satisfactory lot, hut I have credit 
ed your account with $29.00 for them, a check for which 
'%will be sent you from ray fund in the Smiths cm ioi in a 
few days. 

Very truly yours » 




June U, 1921. 

Mr. Joe Dueet, 

Gerdiner, Montana. 

Dear Sir: 

The skulls you sent last month ©f a feaale Grixcly 
and tuo small cubs along with a Black Bear skull tnm lake 
Abundance have arrired, for which I have orvdited jou llO.OO. 
1 check for this aaount will be sent jrou tnm mj account at 
the Smithsonian in a few dajs. 

I m sorrj that I do not know anjrone who would like to 
purchase your ilk head and Moose horn. 

Very truly youra« 

June U. 1921. 

Mr. G« Wr FalB^Tt 

Socig Harbor r^^laska* 

Dear Sirr 

tli0 Bear akolla Rantioned in your letter oj 

Marcli 18 have fioallj arri^ed^ I bm crediting ^ou 

$10^00 for fha old Mtle trm Polly Creek. $7.0U for 

the 4aas(god ■ale fxca n^ar CottcmwDod Creek, and $4 

for tka jmaag FoUj Crook aale. nakii^ $^.00 ia all* 
a dhmak for iki(& vill bo oont joa from mj aocennt in 
tho aoithaoniaji i& a fm dajo^ 

Tory truly yours ^ 




Jbm U, 1921. 

CharlM Goldstein 4 Co.. Inc., 

Juneeu, Alaska. 

Dwr Sir: 

Some time pgo the S«,itheonian Institution referrsd 
t. -e your letter dated March S last, and in ccu«e of ti«e 
the «hap.e.t of Bear skulls mentioned reached the Muaeu-. 
I cannot find any authorization for this" shipment, as 
, the ^xthscnian authorities report that ttej know nothing 
^ about it. and r surelj have not oxMered them. How^sr in- 
^^ as they are here, I will pay you $45. for the lot. 
a-tJfieck for .hici» irlll be .ant you from «j account in ti^ 
Institution in the near future. 

▼erj truly jourw^ 






June 11, 1921. 

Mr. ThOB8« Murphy. 

Blficksburg, HumDoldt oo.. 

Dear Sir: 

lour letter of April 25 reached me some tine ago , 

Vut I was not ahle to answer it at the time. 

Ifefortunately I do not know anyone iiho wants to huy 
Be«. «>d llowntain Uon hides; and Mack Bear skulls are 
worth only a dollar or two apiece, according to sex, age. 
and condition. If you care to sell them at this low price 
you .i^ht send them on. The package should be a-idr.sse^ 


\ji gttm. D. P.; and jffn^ """» should be written on 1 
ftMtnide and also on the tflgff "ttached to the skulls. 

Very truly yours. 




■ ,^S 

June 12.1921 

Mr W. I. Thayer 
San Rafael, Calif. 

Dear Mr n»«/er: 

it last we hare secured tickets for California. 
We start on the 15th and are due in San Francisco about 2:X 
on Sunday the 19th. ?/e expect to go direct to Sah Rafael and if 
on time should reach there between 4 and 5. 

I ahall be obliged therefore if you will kindly hare 
our car put in shape for the road» so we can get it from the 
on duty in your garage. I an writing by same nail to the Sillar^ 
Agent to re-install our battery. 

With regards to you all. 

Very truly yours, 

. ■ -w 








June 12, 1921 

/.gent, itilUrd Battery 
Sn Bafaal. Calif. 

Dear Sir: 

1 expect to reach San Rafael Sunday afternoon. Jotp 19, 
iad ahall be obliged if you will replace battery in my Cherrolet 
Ttafcy Grand'* oar in the Thayer Garage, so it nay be ready for the 
road on .y arrival. Tou will reaember that you took the battery 
out of the oar on Janoarj 20 la?t. 

I will call and settle for th« battery ohsiT?es soon after 
ToM&ii^ li^gunitaa. 

▼ery truly yours. 










Bear Mr fcartinelli: 

Jtnw 12, isa 

P.rt.„t *„iHi„, to our .» bo».. ,. ^, ,^. ^ '^ 

t-. g.r.g.-h.lf . do«. .t«l ..f„. 30 ,t..l „rti„I til, .^ 
"d .«. big ,.p 0.,... Th. d..H. UM... b«k„,.. ..rt .u „rt. 
0. odd. .„d ,„d, „ ted to ^t in th. p.rlor. dtnl.g ™». ^ fc.n. 

... . Mg job .„d „..rlj, „.d .. up. n. oi„ i, „ o™^,^ 
could not find .„ offic, that „ could ™nt for 1... t^ nz> « 
•onth. rtioh of ooor» is mon, than I o.„ p.,. 

Hopire to ... jou ,oon. .ud ,itb r.g,r4. to .11 ,«,, f-ll,. 

▼eiy truly yours. 

e..V. _. 

Mr Pompeo tlarticelli 
I^gunitas, Calif. 




Cm Hart Merriam 

June 14, 1921 • 

Mr. yf. I. Adams, Accountant, 
Smithsonian Institution, 

Washington, D^ C. 

Dear Ur. Adaiz»B: 


Herewith I am handing you my expense account for 

June 1-14 amounting to $358.65, and Touchers enumerated below, all 

of which I shall be obliged if you will kindly pry as usual from 
the Harrimen fund. 

I expect to l687e this city for California on tto 15th in- 
stant, after irtiich mj address, until further notice, will be Lag^ 
unites. Marin Qc California, as usual in summer. 

I shall be obliged also if you will kindly advance $400. 
toward field expenses. 

Until further notice, please send my pay checks and those 
of Hiss Stella Clemence to Legunitas. 

Very truly yours, ^ 


Mrs. Clark, Stenographer $192. 

46enai(la lerriam -----.^--•-... q^ 
Bear Skulls W . "^^ 

E* H. Edwards, Bella Coola ^. 26 

Joe Duset, Gardiner, Montana --- 10* 

!• B* Conover, Telegraph Creek 32 

8?^f: SSiSS!^§n^%fbi]^^^ g 

G. H. Peterson,, ^tka - 29 

J* !• Scollick (cleaning skulls) — 8 


June 9 



1919 Sixteenth St., Washington, D. C. 

Subscription Rod and Gun in Canada for 1921 
M. A. Leest. Photo work and film 
RR fare Washington to San Francisco 
Sleeperdower, Washington to San Francisco ) 

RB Round trip ticket Washington to Sen Francis. 

CO for Miss Clemence 

Sleeper for Miss Clemence (Washington to San 
n, Francisco) 

Oharwoman, cleaning office rooms 1st half June 

T2.50; oiling office furniture and 
lie cases injured in moving fl.50 



$1 50 


1 16 

U4 66 

• , 

34 02 

169 29 

34 02 

4 00 

$358 65 

- - - Three hundred fifty-eight 

Sixty-five - 


vd V^ 






June 13, 1921. 

Mr* C. P. Hauka.Chief CUrk, 
Offica of Indian Affair*. 

Washington, Ou C« 

Dear Sir: 

Very many thanks for your letter of the 11th in- 
stant in reply to my inquiry al>out tha lattar of Jedadiah 
3. Smith written in Jtdy 1827. 

X appreciate your courtesy in offering to hare a copy 
of this letter made for roe^ and shall he very thankful if 
you will kindly send it to me. 

Very truly yours ^ 



June 14^ 1921. 

Motor Vahielo Apartment » 
3scra»eiito, Calif. 

Dear Sinn 

This is to certify tkat my C^sTrp^st touring ce^ ^ 

^aodal gB Stt^ 1^3 0^ angina Mo^ fi3S32 ^ has been jacked up in 

tfas ThBjmr Garage at San Bafaal, Calif., since Januaiy 20, 

end lias not been used. Tha 1920 license Ro. nas 45Q14q , is- 

Buai JoM 14« 1920. 

i|y smuier addrsss is laganUat, Marip Cfti, Calif oraia> 

to #iich addrtm kindly sMd mj 1921 licensa and the neces- 
lanj licaasa plat^. 

By last jsar^a licenn is en^joasd ^isrswith along with 
«y check for $6.60 in payment of licsnss for three-quarters 
of tlie current year, in accordance with your letter dated 

Very truly your«t 

' \\ 










Jun« U, 1921 

1k:. !• hV Ofgood 

Field tfuaeuB of Natural History 
Chicago » Illinois 

Dear Osgood: 

Mrs* M. , Z, and myself expect to leare 
Washington Thursday erening, B. dc 0. for California, 
and are due to arrire in Chicago Friday afternoon at 
3:55. We leare Chicago at 8 P. M., C. oc NW./& U. ?• 

We are most anxious to see you end your new 
Museum, and if you hare the time to sppre, shall be 
delighted if you can go with us and later dine with 

If Olive and family have not left the city wo 
should like to see them also. I suppose the Deanes 
have gone* 

Very truly yours. 

"""^^^^^^^r^t^-^^^^-— ^^^ eiLUvw- «»:Xx,^-%. 5i.^L>^>^ 

^^t^^ fiiU.*^ ..S:^ ^^ac=*<x't^^-«-^ 

>X A^lJU^ 




— ^^^ ^r>Jrv.4-0<. 


5Uv <^*vjM..»JU5jtr"^ 














June 14,1921 

Merchants Transfer x Storage Co. 
920 E Street, Washington, D.C. 

Dear Sirs: 

I have not yet received the Bill of Lading for the "box 
of bgoVg you took from my house (1919 16th Street) a couple of days 
ago to ship by freight to Hopkins Biological Station, Pacific Grove 

As i am leaving tomorrow for California, kindly forward 
the Bill of Lading to me addressed to Lagunitas, Calif. 

Very truly yours. 




Dear Walter: 

June 14,1921 

packages in^yo\VdiJec?i?n^°?Se'a'Sck^of7n ^'""'^H '''^''' ^wo 

J iconwn. one a sack of Government pamphlets by 

-ail; the other a box by freight-both addressed to Hopkins Biol. 
Station, Pacific Grove, as requested . 

In case you find a few duplicates, you may find someone 
who would be glad to have them. 

The job was too big for so late in the season go I'n 
have to finish after we return next fall or -.inter. 

We have our tickets and start on the 16th. due to arrive 
at Lagunitas on the 20th. 

Wishing you joy in unwrapping. 

As ever yours. 

Dr Walter K. Pisher 

^^S^LS!^p'"^^'''^°eical Station 
WMN»»iJKJ Pacific Grove. Calif- 




June 15, 19E1 

Mr. K. Holliater 

Sditor Joumel of Uanmelogy 

Beat Hollister: 

Herewith I am handing you tW) 

brief notes for the Journal, one entitled »IarlX, 
EecoT^s of BuffaloJL5--Cidi|fiXBiA*; ^^^ o*^«'' 
•Former Range of Mounts in Sheep, injorthejoa 


Had intended to see you before leaving for 
California, but can't make it. So good-by to 
yourself end Mrs. Hollister from us all. 
With best wishes 

1 . 



Recent references to the occurrence of fountain Jheep 
in northern California appear to be restricted to Mt. Shasta 
and the adjacent 3hoep Rock, a locality only a few miles 
north of the great mountain. The present 3heep Rock how- 
ever is very different from the 3heep Rock of the early 
pold-seekers. The latter, as shown by George Gibbs in his 
Journel^of the' McKee" 'Expedition of 1851, was situated on 
the kvest side of 3cott Mountains, a range to the .vest of 
Shasta Valley, which it separates from Scott Valley. The 
Sheep Tlock of 1851 is a prcminent land -mark as seen from 
Scott V&lley, and is now Icnovra both locally end on the maps 
of the Geological Survey as Skookun Hock. It -ras inhabited 
by Sheep in Gibbs' time— how much later we do net know. 

The Shaste Indians tell me that Jheep formerly 
occurred on Croose Nest Mountain and on Kt. north of 
Goose Kest Mt., and also in the Siskiyous, hut just how 
far west they rangAin the Jiskiyous I have not been able 
to ascertain. In lc388 I saw in e. hardware store in Tort lend, 
Oregon, a mounted ram of large size kl^ed in the Siskiycus 
by the proprietor of the store. 

It would be inter-estirg to know whether the Tiig Horn 
of these elevated mountains-Mt.Shasta. 3cott Kountains. 
Goose KesfMt.. Bo£^3 Mt.. and the 3iskiyous-was the same 
species as the one formerly inhabiting the l^odok I^va Peds 
in the northeastern corner of California. ^ 











June 15, 1921 

Editor Natural History 

American Museum of Natural History 

New York City 

ijear bir: 

A short time ago you asked Cor 

articles for N^jtural History. I em herewith en- 
closing one entitled 'The Unforeseen in Indian 

Vocabularies. * 

If not suitable for your magazine, kindly 


Very truly yours 



By C. Hart M«rri«B 

The taak of collecting and verifying Indian vocabula rie. , 
sentence., and texts has many attractions, many surprise., and 
■any disappointments. Nothing would seem easier than the setting 
down of words and sentences obtained from an Indian in response 
to such simple questions as: "Trhat do you call a Black Bear?" 
"How do you say^ 'He killed a Bear'; 'A Bear killed him'", and 
so on. But when one comes to check up his results by other In- 
dians of the same tribe he discovers undreamed of possibilities. 
Wien for instance he finds t^t the expression recorded for gait 

njl means it's morning", fhat the name received for a particular 
basket means "dirty old thing", that the word recorded for black 
liaSL is blackberry, the word for hungry, "I guess I'll eat", and 
others equally startling, ha is reluctantly forced to conclude 
that fiords and aentancas obtained from Indians do not always 
mean what thay saamo 

In the case of words that are tha luiusics of definite objects •*« 
M fi-.ra, wai-©r, sxin, rain, snow, bear, coyote, aagla, and so on ~ 



•rrors rarely occur, but in other cases aeeiih. 

ingly aiailar, one nuet be on his guard. Thus in nany lai^^es the 
word giren for the particular rirer or mountain near lAich the In- 
dian reaidM is not its specific naas but ths general term used in 
« specific sense ~ meening Ihn. rirer, or Ihfl. ■contain, it being 
the one ttppennost in the speaker's mind. The sane is true of the 


tribal name, for in California the word giren in reply to the ques- 
tion, "What is the name of yotn- tribe", is in jsany instance the 
word for people •— aeanlng tiUL paople* Thus the oomonlj accepted 
*tribal nanss' Mawnk, Mida, Nissenan. Patwin. Win, Wintoon, lahnah, 
and Tokots are in each case — in the language of the tribe speak- 
ing — aerelj the word for people - meaning Hlb. people our people. 

Words expressing condition — as sick, well, kind, unkind, 
happy, lonesone, and a multitude of others — are particularly 
dangerous, as the answers are likely to be sentences ins tesd of 
single words. 

Indians, like ourselves . often hare sereral words for the sane 

r i 







«W..t or Id... It I. ,^,t„, th.r.for. t. «,k Ur .ddlti..«i 

'■*" " "" '•^"" " «« •"• trlb,. on. „, u «ra.d i, diff.r- 

"" ""*" "• •"J*'* «*• '^'t-no. of «.th.r dl.l«,t. 

It W«r. tk.^.„ ,^, ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^^_ ^ ^^_ 

..«i^ » inf.™.* «, ^, . „„,„^^ _ ^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^_ 

icn, . c.x:.etl.„ „ .„,._ ^ ,.,^ __ ^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^ 

language. If this la i-no-.^vi. „ u 


the ground with th. sane person a second ti.e. after a lapse of 


Itt the course of work of 

hiB kind one has many interestii^, 
»n, ourl™., »a .« .x..p.r.ti.g .xp.ri.«cM. S.« Mi«. .„ 

tl»t ,« «„id not .A dirootl, «^ boldl, for th. .„„, ,o» r«U, 
-»t. tot th.t ,o«. ,«.ti« .ko^a ,. t.k« .. .^..,i„, ,, ^,^^^ 


due COM 1 deration 

tion pioturts 

7<m «.. ,u^ ^ .^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^^ 

« oompriaiag the deaired info««ti.n v 

It Bay be fro« the aoi^ «^ -.^ 

^ or expreaa^n ^ou are aeeki^g. flence it i. 


another peraen of the ,«« tribe nearl, alwa„ ,. 

"•■rxj aluaya reaulta in atartlii^ 

▼ocabulary or toxt to 








15. 1921 

Sditor Scientific Monthly 
6erri80ii» New York 

Dear Sir: 

Herewith I am enclosing en 

article entitled ' The^ CaUfc^ia, ^OT^ 
with ST photographs for illnstratione 

If suitable, you are welcone to it. If not, 
kindly return to ne at LegunitaSa M^rin County, 
California (postage enclosed). 

Yery truly yours 



Juno 15. 1921 


Major E. /i. GoldMn 
Biological Surrej 
Washington, D. C. 

Dear Goldoan: 

Thanks for jour m^mora ui im 
of the 11th inst. enclosing copy of a letter fro» 
R. B. Bateman, Predatory Inimal Inspector, coii« 
coming the present location of Griaslies ia 

I am glad to hare this inforaation and shall 
await '.fith interest the additional inforaation of 
a similar nature that you will obtain durii^ the 

▼ory truly yours , 


June 15. 19a 


E(litor Washington Stcr 
Tia?hington, D, C. 

Dear Sir: 

Have you ever witnessed the famous guessing 
gene on the D Street oar line at the 14th Street cross ing? 
If not, a surprise is awaiting you. 

All west-bound D Street cars stop once in the neighbor- 
hood of 14th Street, but on WdlCU SIDE o£-14th an oncoming 
car will stop no mm can foretell. People used t# say 
that if the motorman saw a good-sized crowd waiting on one 
side he would fool ther by stopping on the other- But 
this does injustice to tho driver, for I have recently 
learned that it is not the driver but the anr ^j g^ that 
makes the difference, /f ter having guessed wrong more than 
half the time for months I have found out that ca^ labeled 
•Chevy Chase' stop on the WEST side of 14th Street, others 
MmKon the EAST side. This is interesting but hardly tf 
service to the expectant and we/iry waiter, for not one 
person in a thousand has eyes far-sighted enuf to read the 
sign of an oncoming car far enuf off to enable him — uniesa 
a trfl^kied s^>rinter — to make the run from one stop to thi 
other across the traffic of 14th Street before it is too i^^e. 



I wonder if you know that these particular stop-posts 
are not only not neur the corners hut arei^Ofeet apart. 
In the course of en ordinary dsy hundreds of patient and 
law-ahiding citizens guess -.vrong and are obliged to wait 
another five minutes or so -- and then likely to hpve the 
same experience over again. 

In rainy weather and r.'hen in a great hurry some of these 
unfortunates have been heard to remark that of all the car 
stops in the known world the one under consideration is the 
most unreasonable, unnecessary, and exasper; ting. TJhothar 
or not this is true is not for me to say. - I'he exp«t 

ieno^nay be good for children — to acquaint the. with the 
uncertainties and disappointments of life, but Is it not a 

little severe on the aged end infirm, and on the *>«eBs of 

weary women who, loaded with baskets and bundles, are dailj 

fooled at these crossings? 

A patient sufferer ventures to ask: Is it not oracticable 

fo£_8l]^v2at .boufilcar^^ " 

_resiJ If not. would it not be possible for the proper 
authorities t^ojnowitjBjelescoBe at the crossing so that 
waiting passengers might be enabled to read the signs of 
oncoming cars when «till far enuf off to give them a run- 
ning chance of getting aboard? 



Jwie 16, 1921. 

Chief of Polioa, 

Washington, D« 0. 

Dear Sir; 

Today, June 16, 1 am closing ay house 

tsenth Street for the STanner, rad do not expect to return 

befors the end of October. I rtiell be obliged if your 

patrolman in passing fro« tias to time will kindly keep 

an eye on the premises. 

Ttry truly yourt , 

Water Department. 

Municipal Building. 

Washington, J). Q. 

•^^ar Sirs: 

June 16, 1921^ 

Today. June 16, I hare closed my house and am 
learing for Califoraia to be gone until the end of Octo^ 
bar. I have turned the i«tar off where it ^omes into the 
house in the basenent. 

▼sry truly yours. 





June 16. 1921 

Doer Sirs: , 

Today. June 16. I have closed my house and 

, for California to .. «<>« -til tHe end of Octo 
^.r. 1 have turned the electric current off where 
comes into the house in the basement. 

Very truly yours. 

• » 



June 16, 19?1 

Weshington, D. C. 

Dear Sir: 

Today, June 16, I hare closed my house 
1919 Sixteenth Sty^gt for the summer and an leav- 
ing for California. I shall be obliged therefore 
if until further notice you will kindly fonrard 
to Lagunitas, Marin County, Calif, all letter mail 
addressed to Dr. C« Hart Merriam, Mrs* Merriam, 
and Hiss Zenaida Merriam at 1919 Sixteenth Street. 

Yery tmlj yours 





Juno 27, 19J?1 

Ifir R. A. fhall, Jfcr. 
Metropolitan Mr (roods Cn. 
Athol, IbsB. 

Dear Sir: 

On arriTir^R at Ugunitas I found the roods shipirad by 
you on the 13th inst., for which T an obliged, 1?nclosed herewith 
is ny check for $17.66 in payt. 

But I did not find any air pun?) or any attachment for 
tire punp valve. Instead I four^d about 10 inches of nihhw c!^bji^ 
and a brass nipple irfiich fits the air yalve on the bed but not th* 
auto tire-pur^ valire. Can yoti supply the cdssir^ connection? 

Glad to know that you have in San Francisco such reliable 

firms as Ellery's, The Aaporium, and 
not so good an opinion of Spiro. 

?ery truly yours. 

Brown* But I have 





I » 







lakefield WrencJi Co., 
Worcester, Jfasii. 

Dear Sirs: 

JuTie 2?, 1921 

ThiB spring I purchased from you (ordered from Washington, 
D.C.) a couple of your Wakefield Wizard wrenches, and have just bro't 
one of them to California to use on ray car. This raomir^ I tried 
it and found that it will not hald, slippir^ open on the nut* 

I am returnir^ it to you >^y raail herewith and shall he 
obliged if you will send m a cood one, addressed to me here at 
Lagimitas, Calif. 

Very tnily yours. 

» \\^-5>wA^ 







Hon. John I. Nolan 

Chai rmr:, Cormitteo 

on Labor. HmiBe of R«preB©ntatiT«8. 

}fy dear S5r; 

ro« Washa^^on. wo,ad Btaf that the Bill referred to f, P ,4^) 
does not affect the T7 R rt»««..^v- « * ^^^^ 

Board . -4 u ^••'^P>'" •'^oard. for the reason that the 

Boarti conezBt. wholly of repreBentati .e. of the .everal Deoart . 
of the Gov*mn«nt. who Berre on fhe BoarH -.v, ! ^^^''^nU 

Th p ^ u ^ "" '^°"'' conipen-Bation. 

The Board ha. no appropriation for the employnent of derks 
or any aBBistanta of anv kind if. ««i . 

i^ it. report.. ■ • '' ^'"'^'^''«'>'' ^•*'« 'or priM 


Chainaan, U.S. Creographic Board 






June 28, 1921 
Dear )fi88 Clenonoe: 

Tour latter from Washington (dated June 2Z) just reed. 
Glad to know you were about ready to start Vut eorry we cannot see 
you for a cotjple of weeks, as we are packir^ today and erpec^ to 
start in ths normnp; for Trinity River. 

Hhen you get settled and ready for work I msh you would 
clMJi \rp the northwest California early materials Please take 

out eirerythin^ ^n W California Indians t}iat you can find, not 
already done 'by us. We have^ake and Peter Comey. I have 
referencae to the follow! r^g- -and there douhtless are others: 
Bodei^a— 1775 or 1792* Nine days in Trinidad Bay. 
78mcouTer--1793* Anchored in Trinidad Bay }Ibj 2, 1793. 


IWnship— 1R06. Hunfcoldt Bay. 

GrecE partv— 1849* Huraboldt Bay region, includir^ ^eel Piv 
\uo% lerj iE^)ortant, and we raay have taken it already). 

185n. Two outfits- -Capt. nttinger and Eranmn. Trinidad, 
Htiwholdt Bay, Sel River. 

Ple^ase write m here in ahout 10 days so I my know where 

you are as soon as we return. 

Very truly yours, 


Ifiss Stella C^ 
Sooewhere in Berkeley. 



i^^nr t' t^ . ^ X •^^^ 3CI, 1921 

Inr w. I. Adarofi, Accountant 

SmithBonian Inetitbtion 

WashiiTgton, D.(T. 

Dear ?!r Adaws; 

Herewith I Bm enclosing ray expense account for the last 
half of Jxme^ amoiintir^ to $}i^fi and also f^collick's bill of $10 
for cleaning Bear BkullB, which I chall he obliged if you will pay 
as usual from thal^arriman Trr-st. 

I am setting out today on a trip to Trinity River mount- 
ains and the northwest coaet. 

Vtjry truly yours, 


Ce Hart :ierrituE 

■ I^gumt&B, liarin Co.. C^lif. 
Expense Account Juno 15 to June 30, 1921 

'^"T^yi^t^^''''^^^"' ^'^' -^^^€9 out 

li p^^" en route, Waejaneton to California 

II F^:?In'f^2Si^Jr?i^i^n-gfa^F^^ ^"' I^-ltaA. 

Ij^ "> 

I ^ 

Oro^^ «r^ 

9I &i!^'"V °" ^^ ^^ Vocabularies to Lacunitae 

?f ^IZZ R^'- S*°'"^* ar^ repair car b^ery 
2^ ^parrow Bros. Repairs to Starter 

Ip E!^?* }f^-,^^*'S»-^ Francisco & return 
io H®^^^ ?^A^' S*-r»«* «ar fares.W 
2p Jnarah &^Co. Photo films ard work 

►Tr-gt»r-a^»--of -«M»-§-Menthe — ^^ 

Iftber, ie. ^ 




Sipenses cf Asst. mss Stel]a Clemence; 
June 23 Baggage out, WashiT^ton, 

23-27 Meals en route, WaBhiivrton to Califomii 
26 BfiGgac© in S.F. i tr Berkeley 

Vk.'v \^" ©^ 


14 00 

1 25 

11 91 

8 50 
7 05 

1 67 

2 05 
13 92 


14 00 

1 00 












JwlY 1^,1921 

Mr F.A.GrHliHji 
Willow Oeok, Calif. 

Dear Mr CrrRhwi: 

I am >iaGlc in CfelifomiR and an hoping to visit yoia- ragion 
•£n*in. Bjit I have >>af»n on the dissect? ng table and am not allowed 

to ride horeftback. 

I want to see Chesebro. la he at 5 V at Biirnt Panch" 
Do you happen to know if hi a job eives him any days off, nnd if so, 
what days' Hould I hire hira to cone to wjHow Creek for a day or 

Um if I CO in ^y sta/^e* 

And can von tell n» what days stages leaTe *rcata for 

Willow Creek'' 

An early reply will greatly oblige. 
Very tnily yours, 

Does Sally Noble still live at her ranch on New River" 






July 14, 19a 

Dr. W. B. Bell 
Biological Survey 
WaBhi region, D. C. 

Dear Dr. Bell: 

Verj^ many tharlcs for your 
courtesy in sendinr me a copy of a letter 
from J. Stokley ligon relating to the present 
location of Grizzly Bears in New MexicOtWith 
map. This is the most detailed arid conse- 
quently the most important infomation w« 
liave received concernir^ Grizzlies in any 

With renewed thanks and hest wishes 

Very truly yours 

July U, 1921 

« « 


Mr. J. Stokley Ligon 
Predatorj' Animal Inspector 
Albuquerque I New Mexico 

Dear ?{r. ligon: 

A copy of yoiur letter to the 
biological Survey about Grizzly Bears has been 
sent me by Dr. Bell^ together with the map you 
were kind enough to prepare showir^ the present 
distribution of Grrizzlies in the no.intains of 
New ^leiico. 

I a exceedingly glad to hav^i this infor- 
mation and want to thank you personally for your 
kindness in doing the job up in such thorough 

With best wishes, 

Very" truly yotirs, 

'-' s 

I ■ 






July 14. 1921 

St. George 

Dear Sir: 

Can you give me the location of 

a Bait cave on the Lower Muddy or on the Virgin 
a little helow the junction of the Muddy? 

Such a cave is mentioned by one of the 
early explorers and I am interested to know Juat 
where it is. 

Very truly yours 


July 14, 1921 

Ify dear MIbb Gordon Oumrning: 

Very many thariks for your cour- 
teoMB letter of May 24, which hae just reached me here in Cali- 
fornia on ray return from a field trip in the North. 

I thank you moat heartily for your kind permisBion to re- 
produce yoiir rem£LrkaMy accurate and beautiful picture of the 
Yosemite Indian village mentioned in my letter to your publieherB 

I v^ish I might h^ve the pleasure of seeing your portfolio 
of original water color paintir^, but fear this will be iT5?08- 
Bible; and I do not suppose that you would be willinp to sell 
the Indian village picture at a price T could afford to 2^ay. 

I am glad to .enow of your book entitled •Memories', and 
ahall hunt it up in scxne of oijt libraries at the earliest oppor- 

For many years I knew a Mr. Gordon Curmdr^ who lived in 
Virginia. He and I were both members of the Poone and Crockett 
Club, 60 that I usually met him about once h year. I was sorry 
to learn of his death a couple of years ago. I have often won- 
dered if he was your brother. 

Hopir^ that you will continue in fair health for many 
years to come, 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours 

Miss Honstance Frederica Gordon Cuirmnc: 
Crieff. Perthshire ^ 




July 14, 1921 

S^A ^oraer E. Sargent 
ZZ2 Arroyo Torraco 
Pasadena, Calif. 

W dear ?fr. Sargent; 

Very many tharJcs for your letter 
of the nth inet. which I found on my return from a 
field trip to the northern part of the State. 

I appreciate your brother*, feeling in regard to 
the Grizzly head, ana share the belief that the hair 
might slip as a result of aoakir^ for reraountir^ on the 
dumry skull. The specimen is certainly one of unusual 
value, for the. reason that Grizzlies are now extinct in 
the region from wMch it came. It night be either ths 
big Plains Grizzly. Lreus. horr ibi lla. or the species of 
the Black Hills and Wind River Jfountaina, Ur8u..abfarokut 
^e latter ranged out into the Bad lAnds, where th« two 
doubtless caw togetter. 

I am greatly intereutsd in lih&t you tell me about 
your baplrgta, arid shall be fnost happy to accept your 
kind invitation to visit you at your home in Pasadena, 
if I go there this fall, ^jtdch I now plan to do. 

Tf»^<.I"^i^® tneantime you will have heard from Pr. Walter 

talk the .it?i^ i^r^^^i'it^^^' ^"^ ^ «^11 be_glad tJ 
taiJc the matter over wth hire on ray return to ntshington. 

With beet wishes to yourself and Mrs. Sargent, 

Very truly yours. 



i i. 

July 14, 1921 

Wr. fJeorge W. ?tewart 
Vi Bali a, Calif. 

Dear Jfr. Steward: 

On retumir^ from a field trip in the 
Trinity and Kel River regions, I find yovr letter of the 6th 
inst, awaiting attention. Incidentally I would renark that 
I am iTi^>^ty glad to hear from you a^ain and hope to nee you 
before the season is ovor. 

, Aa to the northern and southern limits of the redwood, 
Secmgia sera^erv^rena; Ycur friend was entirely correct in 
tellJTig you of the existence of redwoods in canyons of the 
Santti Lucia Mountains sou+li of Wonterey^ ihhere tJiey occur at 
intervals as far south as Salmon 'Yeek Canyon aVout 12 ndles 
south of Pimta Crorda, I vorkftd in the Santa Ijucias with a 
pack outfit Bor« yearf ago hut wf notes on th^t trip are in 

On the north, redwoods extsriri to the Oregon line, or 
overlap +he boimdanr juct a lit+le. 

As to the Beaver: D-iring the pa«t few years, Beaver have 
been transplanted into a number of areas in the Eastern United 
States, where they »iave estaVlished thffiTBelves with rather 
reiarka' le vij^jor a,i;l 'lave done hur-drsasxof dolJars worth of 
darto^e. In the Adi -ondacica for iPBtance, my brother writes 
i>ie t}^at there ia not a single lake or pond or stream that they 
have not damaed, flooding the adjoining lowlands and killir^ 

Stewart 2 

the pinsB and other valuable timter. Before roads can b« 
brdlt *o admt of hauling the ^timber, tha trees have routed 
and 3TS ^O'thlees, The money losi^ i.s scnetlnr^g fearful. 

S^'i-Jla- caeee hive "^jeen repo^ted from Maine to Michigan 
and Wisconsin, and^the Provinces of Ontario and Quebec in 

If the lose wera co'^ifined to the traes actually cut down 
by the Beaver tr^ natter wO/Jd not be po eenciia, ' ut it is 
the losses due to flooding that have to be feared. In !f^-w 
Yo^k and some other states, the land-ovmars hiive been advised 



to out the beaver dMiB to allow the nater to aaoap^. This 

by djrnamit- 

ing thern# But the Beavers are bo industrious^'" persistent 
thut they close the ^pB in a ni^^ht or two^ so that in order 
to prevent the floodii^, it la necasb^iry to keej men at work 
throughor^f- the aeaaon. 

Personally. I do not believe that the San Joaquin Valley 
Beaver would thrive at so high an altitTide as the Giant Forest* 
At the Bfine tif!» I would rot like to try the experiment. 

In man]' regi orx ' ."^th East ar^ Wsst certain Beaver colonies 
do not biiild nouses, but live in burrows in the river banks. 

I am interested In what ILr. Shafer told you about cream- 
colored Beaver in Cache Slough, Yolo County. There is somt 
seasoncil variation in the color of Beaver, but hardly enoi^ to 
describe the siamier and winter pelages as cream-colored and red 
respectively. Hence if all the Beaver of Cache Slough were 
creaxn-colo^ed they mrjai prove to be a distinct Bub-species. 

¥rB. M., Zy and myself have just made a most interesting 
auto trip , driving: from here to Red Bluff and thence westerly 


Stewart 3 

to Hay Fork and dovm the n»w Trinity RiT«r Boad to its end just 
below Big Bar? thence returnir^, C^ing eouth to Fora-t '^len 
(otherwise known a« Auto Rest) on South Fork Tnr.ity^ than up 
Of«r South Fork Mountain ana down into Had Rivsr Valley, then 
•rer the ridge to Van Diwen awi do^ the Van DuBen to its junc- 
tion vita the B»in !•! Riter near Fortuna; returning thrmr^ 
the splendid Redwood forests alor« Kel River and South 'ork 
Bel, and hone by way of Russian River. This is a woncierful trip. 
well worth taking by anyone who enjoys glorious f->reBta and fine 
■ountain ••enery, as you and I do. 

With kindest regards to Mrs, Stewart and yourself, 

As ever yours. 




July IB, 1921 

D-otu- I'r. Hnrri ?!£:♦■' on: 

On -eturmre from a R. st irt ar^.s' trip in ttie 
Upper '"ririity Hnci Hdjac«nt racion. I f5«rt your letter of 
Juhr 1 and ^e.e^^raii -f June 30. I waa on tne point of .-^rit- 
iT^ you at P 8P«a>^ton yastardny, when your tel«gran of the 
16th aix-ived. stating tv»t y.,u mfhM not rnHch Pleaaanton 
until tne first of Ai^isi. also U^.at you expect to be ther* 
for four or five wee-ta. TMa ralievab tha situation, and 
I iun n^^li^ed to you for .etti ne; !^:e xnow your plans in ad- 
vanoe bo th^t I toay plan rr- work, accoralngly. 

Ab U the Fe* Rivar trip: I have written to the 
Forebt Rar^ar up there to fi/xl cut wi.othar or not the ^.ema- 
riko wonan ib s-iU alive and at her ranch on Kei* Kiver. 
Hi 8 V^as not b«on raoeived, hut will doubtiess ooioe be- 
fore the e'xl of the /lonth. 

I an prohibited fron ridi'-g horseback, but hope 
to take you sp far as Humboldt Bay in py car, if aAl goes 
weil. *j:yhow, will plan to see you soon alter your arrival 
at Pleasa-ton. I ha a worked with the Indians at Pleasanton 
several aifferant years, but in the esse of some ..f tliein, suf 
fared a severe Handicap by ^iv^ inability t,o speak Spanish. 

With best wishes and re^-:;ret8 that you are so long 
aetained in Wasbdngton, 

Very truly yours, 



«• ^ 



4$ "at 


/e ^ 

July IP, ^2\ 

Dear Nelson: 

^Wiy thnrics for yoiira of the 12th inet, transrJt- 
ting a copy of your 7?ork on Lower California. It ^oes ^;:tbout 
Buyin^^ that I 8jn raichty glad to have 3 1, And f nrthennore I 
am d<^lifrhtad to see it published in BUch admirable form. It 
is a Bple\did conMbution and well illustrateft both the value 
arid the diversity of your contributionB to knowledge, ^ew ^en 
have had so broad an experience in field work arjci still fewer 
have cov erea so Irrge a pnrt of a great continent. Your worics 
on the Tatural Hiwtnn'' of Alaska, the Alaska Eskimo, the large 
arxl sifiHjl DMLTiaals of North America, and your monogrc^phic revi- 
sions of oq^urrels arid rabbits, followed by this in5}ortant work 
on Icwer California, constitute a series of volumes that rmist 
necessarily be conbi.lted by divers specialists for genera- 
tions to come. All we now need to complete the sen es is vnur 
ornithologi'' of Me:vico. \Vlien th? e is finished you ney lie down 
in your orarf^o orchard, fola your arns, arxl expire with a satis 
fied expression on your distinguished countentince. I suppose 
you v/ill retort with the rer^^irk that the Ornithology of Mexico 
and t}ie Bears of North America mie^it be ccmpanion volumes. 

With best wishes and kindest regards from us all to 

vou and your mother and Miss Warren, 

As ever yoiATs, \ 



w» % 


July 18, 1921 

Dear Fr. BarneB: 

V«ry nany thanka for your Letter of the U^h insl, 
tranw-oiUine; copy of a letter Irom the D- strict Forester at 
A^lbuquerqiia. The iri'rrFation he co>triVute8 cr.ncerninfr the 
presenca of rri -1:^188 in Souther^ ndoracto^, ^nzom, ancl 
parts of 'le^ MexJco, is just what I mrtad and T an Pxceed- 
inRlv ohbe^ed for it. Kxceptir^; the Yellowstone National 
P'^r\r. re/' ion, there appear to oe mora grizzliae in Arizorja 
a-id New I-^jico at the present tirne than elsewhere in the 
IJ)ited States. 


We iiave recetly returned f:oin a float interestirjg 
and nrnf)t;->hlB trip in t.he •'•yridie Trinity repaon, and had 
the satisfaction of driving over the new road -o ji little 
})elGW Pjf Bar., l!!fhan crmpleted it will 'oe a ^reat thorough- 

With renewed tharbcs for your Kindness in obtaining 
the information about grizzlies, and with best wishes from 
us all to you and I^r. Barnes, 

Very truly yours^ 

Mr. Will ^. Barnes 
Forest i^ervice 
Departrnnnt of Af^ri culture 
WaBm^/;ton, D. n. 




Dear Colonel McGuire: 

July 18, 19?,1 

On reti; from a field trip in the Trinity- 
Moimt.oin region of nor+.hern Calif.rrJn. J found your letter 
of June 29, forwarded from Wa8}iingi-,on. 

Many thanks for teUir^ me a'nout the recent beju- 
hunt of C. K. Rykes, now at Dawson. I will write him at 
once. f5}inuld he send >-:e the fi:<ull of this hig hear, I alia 31 
he glad to Band you its maasurementB or. r%r ret-^n to WaRhinf;- 
ton in the fall. Skin neas^u-ements, w>^ile imr^-ees: ve, are 
of very little value, as of oourse you know. 

I did not have to ti/mwer your forrier letter 
as I was leavirc WaBliington at the tine of its receipt. Will 
say now. however, that I nn f;ettir^ in a lot of exidi + ior^l in- 
forration concert nr; the present rar/^e of cri^.ziio. in western 
United States, minly from field man of the Biological Survey 
and the Forest Service. i think I cf.n suiCBrize the arti- 
cle in the space you mwition. 

With hest wishes, 

Vori' tn:ly yours, 

Col, J. K, McGuir© 
Outd'or Life 
Denver, Colorado 

I ' TiTifiM iii^ ^. «.. 

30 f 

Jtix./ 18, 19^1 

Yukon, Cariada 

^t' clear Sir: 

A letter frnn Holonal Mcardre. editor of •Oi;tdoor 
Life-, tellfi r.e t>>^t ynn have killed a nomrcua irown boar 
on Alaska Peninsula. I shnula like very nn..h to see ite rMl, 
if you. are vallinK to Bend it ^o ne in the fall, after ny re- 
turn fron field work in Onlifornia. 

If you are wiliir^c to ao this, kindly a^'dresB the 
box: U. ^. BioloeicHl Siu-vey, De^artrient of Agriculture. WaBh- 
incton. D. C. A.K1 pleaae do not fail to put your r^ on the 
c«aside of the .ox arxi nlso on a t.^ attached to Uie Bkidi. 

I have recently eant Colonel •^icGiure the mf<-:re- 
nentB and photographs of the largest saUla of grizzlies and 
b:g h.own >..ars. knov/r. -o r^. From his account, y.-.f bear my 
be larger than any of these. At all events. I should be glad 
to have t.he skull mnaMrenents, 

Very truly yours, 





July 18, 19?1 

Vbr. Farilev Hunter 

Hunter Illuninated Car f!i.3n Ho. 

Flushing, New York 

Mf dear Sir: 

Very rry^ny thankn for your :• ntr^restir^ leHer of 
July 5, which I found in nyinail on '-qy retiirn from a fielA 

I am glad to know that you have aone bo much hunt- 
inF: in Alaska, a>xl parti cnlarly that you have killed so many 
bears. I am glad also to know that you contemplate another 
hunting trip to the coast islands and thank you for your 
offer to trj'' to obtain specj mens. Skulls of adult rnale big 
befiLffl (grizzlies or big brown bears) are always helpful to 
rae in ly work and I cim glad to borrow all I can of ^hem in 
order to comj)are them with speciioens already in our National 
collection. Skulls of fer-^ales and iiaature males are of com- 
paratively little oonsequence as in m^j^t cases they fail to 
sho^/ the distinctive character of the species. But every 
adult male skull helps in defj nir^ more accurately the char- 
acters of the species ana al80 usually in adding soriething 
to its known range. You will understand from this why I am 
anxious to see as m^ny skuPs as possible of fully adult males 

It is my practice to Sj.end the suriner in field work 
in California, but I ^m always in Washington winters and shall 


> . •. 4 




bo dclichtod to show you our colloction of boar okulls 
'H^nch is coi!Q:»nraWy larger ctnd laora oonplete than all the 
ot>i8r coliectiona in t.ha world put tof^ether. 

Your rer^rkn ctbout HasBolborg agroc with ohat I 
have h«ard from «evoral :^ there. He must be a queer gjeniuB. 

With bept v/iBhes, ard. mry thanks for your ccurtcsy 

in writir^ ne, 

Vary truly ycurB^ 

I tHKe plaafiiire in caailir^ you herewith a copy of my 

'Heviftw nf t.^ie Pig Rears* to y^/hich you refer. 


o^ ^ 


\JL. .>^ 




ri ^. ^-Kxjuk^ 



July 18, 1921 

Mr. Mosely E. Hall 
801 Vine Street 
Jeff 3rBon, Iowa 

Dear Sir: 

Your letter nf June 29 wrb forwarded from Fash- 
ington and reached ne on :'iy return from a recent field trjp. 

TWiat you tall roe about the white-tail fox qui rrels 
of your rer,^ on is new to rne. I nevor lieard of cuch a case 
before and aBSUme that it is a local freak. It would be 
interesting to know whether or not all of the fox squirrels 
of your rag: on have these white tails or only a small pro- 

porti on of them. 

Very truly yours, 


bo dolighted to ahow you our colloction of boar skulls 
which is comparaUgr larger and more cociplete than all the 
other collectionB in the world put together. 

Your remarkB nbout Hasselborg agreo with what I 
have h«ard from several r^thers. He must be a queer genius* 

With best wisheB, and nary thanks for your courtesy 

in writir^ ne, 

Very truly yours^ 

I taira pleasure in oailiiTg you herewith a copy of ny 
•Review of tm Big Bears* to which you rdfer. 



Vju_kv ^ -^"^ 





July 18, 1921 

Mr. Moselv R. Hall 
801 Vine Street 
Jeff^TBon, Iowa 

Dear Sir: 

Your letter of June 29 was forwarded from Wash- 
ington ar.d reached me on ry return from a recent field trip. 

Ihat you tell me about the white-tail fox quirrels 
of your region is new to me. I rmv^r heard of such a case 
before and assume that it is a local freak. It would be 
interesting to know whethnr or not all of the fox scjuirrels 
of your region have these white tails or only a small pro- 

portion of them* 

Very truly yours, 

"" ' "mmtmammmmmmmttmmmm.mmmmm m \ >iili *■■■—— arUi^llteii- -JUiii"""""*™"^ ^"■■■•■■•■■■i^ 

Retake of Preceding Frame 




" '^tffi «ir* eierlT »beAos^Jisnn ae.... ji..- nji 

^ d.ii VA o.#^ ^X 

July 23, 1921 

And0r8on*4>iith Mo'^or Co. 
San Franci flcOjOrilif^ 


Dear Sirs: 

In reply to iTj reciiiabt for an itsmizsa racaiptod bill 
covering the work done on ray Chevrolet Baby Grand car, which I 
drove home from yoiir f>ervice Station late f^atiirday afternoon 
(a week a^o today) — I have received anLtenized bill NOT 
receipted and therefore of no uaa except sjk a memorarilua. I am 
obliged therefore to repeat my request for a receipted bill 
for the $80.61 for wMch I gave you my check on Crocker Bank on 
July 16. 

There are several items on the bill sont im which it might 
be of inte est to your Coiiqpany to take under consideration. For 
instance, under the item 'Labor* you have included installii^ 
Gabriel snubbers. Theso were installed by the Gabriel people 
at the Pacific Automotive Service, I03f Post Street, before the 
car was returned to you. There is also a charge for resettii^g 
springs which was dona by the Honver Con^an(f>. Also a charge for 
installij^i nm muffler. The new muffler was not put in, for 
the reason that you were out of mufflers at the tine. Thara 

was also a charge for repairing right rear wheel. This was done 
by the wheelwright to whom you took the wheel, for #iich you 
have charged $5.25. There was also a charge forrepairirg lock, 
but. this was not done, as your men thoi^ht it better to leave 




it »• jL^ i.» with tne w^res unattached* There was also a 
charge for repairing hub axtenaiont which Vepairii^^ consist ad 
in givim: a tiu^n of the hub wrench to tif^en a loosa hub 

Your bill for Gabriel snubbers installed was $22% You 
charged rm $50. 

There are other matters deserving of note, V^t I thought 
your firm mig}it be intertjstad in the above-ricjntioned facts. 
I snail be obliged if you will Jcindly serxl me by return mail a 
receipted bill, af^ the ona received is not of use to rce. 

Vary truly yours. 

» 1 



July 23, 1921 

Mr. Einast Harold Bajmw 
Jferider, New Harqishire 

)bf dear Mr. Baym s: 

On returnirr from a rocent fiald 

trip, I firxi a copy of the Woraan^B Homo Corapanion con- 
tainir^ your epltwidid artic le on VivisacUon. 

It ia a grant pleaeure ^o read your excellent 
arii alto^^at>Br fair statement of the case. I have 
just written the Kditor of the Woroan^B Home Companion 
axpreBBir^ rry Ratief action that thiB Journal ha» 
puhliBhed Buch an admirable statement of the casec 

7ery truly yours 


July 23, 1921 

?^i tor' Woman* B Horti Companion ' 
361 fourth Avenue, New Tork City 

Dear Sir: x.. i-a +,.;*% 

On raturnir^ to m ^^^^ ^^ ^^^'^ ^ ^'"^* *'^' 
I find a copy of the Wohbh-o Home Cor^anien contaimng an 
article by Rrneet Harold Bayne. on Viviaection. 

It is by far the cleareBi and in every way the b.^ 
articla I have ever seen on the object. I want to congrat- 
ulate you on its publication in your Journal. It xa BUch a 
etrai,htfo:.ard. honeet. and .n every way fafr presentation 
of the Bubject that it carrot fail to do n^ch good ar^ well- 

iaeaniT« but misinfonaed people. 

Very truly youre. 


r r f 


•^'4y 23. 1921 

Colonel H. C. Ri z^r 

'fy dear Colonel Ri 


^" yoti Bend mA o+ T 
"aw Supply p 4 a 

amputee toB^ee^t >feterino. . "^ °^ 

greatly obliir«rt «. *, -^^ "o. I ehall be 

y ooiigad as they will be of vain- ♦ 

fielQ work. to ne in ny 

^e have recently retu red ^r. 
^^ and profitable field trip i,!^ "^' ^"•'•^^*- 

the Trinity Rivar >. • """"'"' ^ ''^ 

y iuver . egj on and northern n.^^4' 
Expect to start onf California. 

« oiat on another trip in r e 
Wit\> u X . "^J-p in a. few fl^^y- 

with best wishes, "^ 

^e.-y truly yours, 



July 23, 1921 

Dr. E, ¥• Nelson 

Chief of Biological Survey 


On returnir^ from a recent fifiiti trip, 
I found your letter dated June 16, encloeipg copies 
of letters froK several Predatory Aniraal Inspectors 
concern! iTK the status of Grizzly Bears in Idaho, 
Wyorrir^, Colorado, Utah, and Arizona. For all of 
which I am very much obliged. 

As you say, the outlook for the Grizzly Bear 
in most parts of the United States seems cheerless. 

Themking you for this information. 

Very tmly yours 



July 24, 1921 

Mr J. n. Spern/ 
242.^ H»arBt Avenue 
Berkeley, fJalif. 

Dear Mr Sperrj^: 

Last fall rh<^n ^^ou waro kind ftnoup;h to come here to 
talk over the Redwoods np.tter vo?i told me vou expected to ha^e 
b. nap riade B/iowint: the locations and names of the various groies 
aior^ the hi^iiway. Is this rjap now available? If so I should 
be tliarikful if you will have a copy Bent ne, at ray expense of 

I have recently returned froji the Humiholdt Bay re^on 
can5)inf; at Phillipsville on the way down. 

Fjts Jterriam and nr^ dar.ghter join in kind regai'ds, and 
in the hope that we imy see you ar^ Mrs Sperrj'' here during the 


iQTir truly yours. 










July 24,1921 

Dear Mrs Liickie: 

The photographs I promised you are enclosed herewith. 
Snrne of them are good, others poor. One trouble was that xsj 
finder on the camera got bent up a little, so that the bottom 

part vvas out off. 

I am enclosing also the Law I told you abo\it relating to 
the rights of Indians to their lands. 

The English nhxm of the beautiful bush by your house is 

busy • 

We have had coitjjany since our return and have been very 

We all enToyed our visit at your place and hope to go 

again sometime. 

Mrs Uerriam and mj^ daughter join in kind regards to you 
and all your faroily. 

^sry tn;ly yours. 

^^■ ^■ ■4 1 ,,,%^, 

Mrs Kate Luckie 
Hay Fork, Calif. 




July 24. 1921 


Dear Osgood; 


On arriving here we at once set ovt on an auto canping 
field trip in the Trinity River oountains. We ran up ^^^ Sacra- 
mento Valley to Red Bluff and thence westerly alonp; Soutli Fork 
Cottoimood and on past Beegi?r% Peanut, and Forest Glen to upper 
Mad RiTsr and the Van Duzen and lower Kel River, returning thro* 
the redwood forests of S<Mith Fork Eel and thence do?.Ti Russian 
River. We raade several dotcurs, one heir^ to Hay Fork, T/eaver- 
ville and tlie new road doym Trinity River to Big Bar. 

Frwn Red Bluff westerly for 30 or 40 miles was surprised 
and delighted to see a number of Phainopeplas. I have never 
before seen then so far ncrth. 

Our afternoon in Chicago, theinks to you and Olive, was a 
joy to all of us. And it was a pleasure and satisfaction to 
me to get a glympse into the new Itiseum and particularly to see 

how nicely you are situated there. 


We have just installed a Delco lightii^ plant at our house 
and now liave the finest kind of electric light and power. 

Wish you were coming out here this year. Shall hope to 
see you next season, sur^^. 

Have not yet heen to llu^aka, but expect to go there in 
August and will call on the taxidwi^gt^. 
With best wishes from us all. 

As ever yoiurs, 
Mr W..H. Osgood 
Field Museum, Chicago ^^'^ 



July 28, 1921 

Mr W. I. Anarie . t ♦ 

Accountant, SmithBomsn Inst. 

Daar Mr Wotib: 

Herwith I an oncloBJn^ my sxponse account for July , affiount- 

ine to $311.76, an^. hIbo voucher of S^45.h0 for Zanaida I^erriaia (Bervi- 
cee) and University of Califcrmu for $5.0n(Zoolofn^ vol.), vrtiich I Bhali 
be oblieed if you viill pHy from tho Harriman fund, a.f^ usual. 

The car bills ar» nnvemlly aevere, partly because the 
bill from thi. Thayer Garoc.e -m^ not ready the end of June and liad to be 
carried over to this m.>nth. The other bilK Anderson- Srdth Motor Co) 
is in the main tor important mproven^nts that will add to the life of 

the car and save expense in the Ions run. 

LV last trip of over 600 miles among the mountains of Trin- 
ity arm Hiimi;oiut Counties was venr ?.ard on the car, clinibinit at least 
tlu-ee mountain ran£.:os of bet^.-eon 5 and 6 thousand feet over r^rrov, and 
exceedingly str^ep and pitchy roueh coantri' rotids. But it was most 
profitable as I got whP,t I went for-clearine "P ^^i ethnological mirs- 
tery that ms vvorried roany of us for years. For se^reral years I have 
been closing in steadily on the tuiknown territorj', driving in toward 
it from the east, the north, and the west and south, till this trip 
I four^ it and discovered a new tribe-thoiigh not at all what Y^d been 
expec-ted. I will tell HarrJnf;ton about it when he comes. 

Very truly yours. 

'C. Hart Iferrism 


Lagunitas, Marin Co., Calif 

KjqDense Account for July, 1921 


1921 . „. _, 

July 1-11 Auto Field trip of over 800 miles into Trinity Kiver mts 

Repairs to car k tires •'='" -••^' ^■''^ ■• • ^ — '"" ^ "^^ 
Red Bluff 5.85;Willit8 


Repairs to car k tires :Fairfield 1; Cornir^ Z.t^O 
_ ^- Unci. oil)5.7& 

l^l^O, 3.00 

Sulufcetence, self ar^ psct. lldays @ 1.25 each 

Cash c presents to Indians for Vocab. work- 
Kate Inckie family & Hilly tteorge i-Iorrelmok at 

July 13 

Hay Fork, July gr'5,$12,00: Q^ Mkyji^'BJ, m 
k others r^eaJ- Rhonerville Julyb k 9,<> 

,Trip tc Sar Francisco: Ferns car ^ 8elf.l.40; 
he gals gas @ 2f), 2.50;mealB,1.7o; street cars 3t), 
return by train to Lagunitas 1.04 




■ha^rer, Garage, San Rafael: storage of car winter 
5 month8)^26: grindir^ valveu & relimng brake 
,25,Z^-;iiVit9TiB.lz and other work i|>35.ii y 

14 V^reasst. Miss Clemenca.Berkeley-Lagunitas k ret 
*^*tep8 & stamped envelopes 

Julv 16 RI' f^B, Iflgimitas^c San Franc j sco 1.04; 

street cars 35; nk^als 5.00 ; retiu-n with 
SauBalito Ferry 1.40 ... 

Chevrolet Garage, San Rafael, adjusting timer 
10 gtv|t> gas ® 26 - ' J _ 

JiksKean BroB.S.F.:New tije & tube r^ vulcanizing 

'J&lderson- Smith Motor Oc, : Rebuilding springs: 
Gabriel snubbers; Petr^- cutout inAterials and 
labor ae pejr accomi)iinyi rig voucher 

RR fare San Anselinov^an Francisco & return .65; 
'mardla envelopes^^oO; , ueals 1.50; garage 2& 

Calif Motor -VehiaBi^Dept: Car license for 1921 
Northumberland office Phone May 25-31 




13 10 

16 03 

27 50 

21 00 

6 94 

83 36 

2 03 

1 30 

5 79 


2 60 

40 10 

80 61 

3 00 
6 60 
1 05 

. ( 



July 27. 1921 

Dr Robert B, SoBnuin 
Corresponding Sacretan'' 
WashiJTgt an Acnder^^ of ^ci ericas 

Dsar Doctor SoBrtm: 

Yoiir aoirminication transmitting a report on Popular Books 
in Science has just readied oe here at aj^j California hoine. 

Not havir^ access juat now to either a library or a list 
of books along the lines of vay personal vork it is difficult to help 
you out; at the aa/ne time I am adding a few titles, and would suggest 
that you write Dr Prank CKapoan, Inerican Museum of Natural Hi story, K.>U 
for a few titles of the -est popular books on American Birds. 

In glancir^ over the list received it strikes me that a 
number of titles liave been included that fail to live up to the speci- 
fications recited in the intrcducton^ remarks. 

Regrettine; that the pressiu-a of field work prevents me 
frcen visitii^ libraries to refresh mj rather antiquated menory along 

the dasirea lines, 

Very truly yourcg 

A ntliropclos- and A merican Xfr/t hoi o^: ,^ , ,, ^ n. N Y ) 

' a^o^ee Bird SR lHNm.. The story of the Mi^. (F.A.Stol.e. O0..I..Y.) 
A doU6l.tful popular ^ truthful account of the life of the PUin. 
Indians. Suitable for both old and young readers. 
Oeorge Bird'GRlNT®LL. Pawnee Hero Stories. An interesting col- 
lection of Plains Indian tales. 

0. Har., Ibrria-. Th. Dawn of th. World; fierd tal.. of the Itowan 
Indian, of California. (A.H.Olark Co..Cl,„land) A collection 
of etori.. illuBtr.ti:« phaee. of the n^tholoe- of California Indian. 

rw^nnra. ! Natural History: 

The Nature Ubrary Several volv-raea. 

The Standard library of Natural Histon^. Several volumee. 

,. 1. HeUon. Wild Animals of North Axaorica. (Nat. Geographic Soc.l 




July 27, 1921 

Mr F. A. Graham 

Willow Creek, Calif. 

Dear Mr Gtrahaia: 

Very many Vnanka for your kind letter of tlia 18th 

reply to my inquiries. 

I had expected to go to Willow Creek before this, but a 
man from the Sraithaonian who wante tn go with me was delayed in get- 

tix^ away and imy not arrive till the first week in Augtist. , ^ 

fvo i fear we cannot count on reaching Willow Creeky^.he 

afternoon of Ifonday Aug^ist 8. As soon as 1 know positively, will let 
you know. And I certainly appreciate your kindness in undertaking to 
arrange with Chesbro for the following Wednesday and Thursday. 

I suppose that the road in is the sane as last year* 
With raany thanks, 

Very truly yours. 


^ \i^.^.c^ y^ VvUUL^ 


V ^ ^i 

M • 

■ i 


s » 



July 27. 1921 

Mr F* A* Orahaw 
Willow Craek, Calif. 

Dear Mr Gbrahara: 

Tery many thanks for your kind letter of tli6 18th 

reply to cy inquiries. 

I had expected to go to Willow Creek before this, but a 
man from the Smithsonian who wants tn go with rne was delayed in get- 
tixKt awav and ohv not arrive till the first week in August, , ^ 

So i fear we cannot count on reachjr^ Willow Creekyi|the 
afternoon of Ifenday August 8. As soon as I know positively, will let 
you know. And I certainly appreciate your kindness in undertaking to 
arrai^e with Cheebro for th» following Wednesday and Tlaanda,y. 

I suppose that the road in is the sane as last year* 
With many thanks, 

7ery truly yours. 

I \MC^u -t-^ 


-^ XK^x.:^ ZK- VviUXa^ •>!>.xvil-^ 

-i:^ ^Wi^.Vr,«l^^| 


J <PX*<*^_,KjK- (K. '^*---AjJk-_ . 

> V 

'^^■*'^»-*-^-^ -+ JWu-. ,"3 

M Retake of Preceding Frame 


1 2v^ 

^ ^\P' S^an*. Vied President 
Sav9 th« Rodwoods Laague, Berkeie/ 

U;' datir Jtr Grant: 

AuetiBt 1, 1921 

It is with great r^gnt that I am oMi^sd to daciin© your 
most tempting invitation to be presont at the dedication exercis.^- of 
trie Boiling Memorial Grove on August oth. 

A previous engagenent for a trip with a r^n from the east 
raakas it impracticable at this time, much to ^Ty sorrow. 

Witii best wiahes for the succasa of the League, 

Very truly yoiirs. 


August 1, 1921 

Mr Jas. C. Sperry 
242b Hearst Avenue 
Berkeley, Calif. 

It- daar Mr Sparry: 

T^^s for your >ttar of July 29. Unhappily the 

t|,d cod dedication affair conl'lic^B with an ar^agen^.t to make a f.eld 
t..p wxth a n.. just arrivi.^ fr- the east. 1 have delayed reply- 
ing a couple of days in the h..e that some way out mi^t occur to «e. 

UnH T rnown about the Bollir^ dedication a fa* 
but without success. Had I icnown aoou. 

days earlier I might have a^-ranged to go. 

With d9«P and genuine regrets, 

Ysry truly yours. 




Au^ast 1, 1921 
Dr W. Jo Holiandi Director 
(Xr*;i'i(^iQ Muaaviin, Pittsbiufgh, Pa. 
Daaj' Sir: 

Replyir^ to j^our letter of July 25, forwarded frcwn Wash* 
ingtoHj wovild Bay that I have thia moment vfritten to Dr 5o W. Nelson 
Chi^f of the U.S. Biolor^ical Survey, asicir^' ham to have your Grizzly 
skull no. 893 hiaitaa up and returned at once. 

I have by no maanB eomplf^tad ft/ \^ork on the Bears out 
have continued collecting BT.echnens ir\ the hope of eecurinr enough 
aaaterial to adroit of working out the characters and ranges of the 
▼arioua speaias uiora satisfactorily. Up to the present time I have 
broup:ht tc^ether in the National Museum about thre^ tnousand skulls 
of American Beeu's. 

Thankir^ you for the loan cf the skull in tii^estion, 

^^v\j truly yours. 


August 1, 1921 

Dr fta Alanson Bryan 
Director Museum of Historv, 
Science and Art, Los AiTgeies 

Ify dear Dr Brj^an: 

Thanks for your letter of July 28 about the measurements 
of your Hincliinbrook Island bear skull, which I borrowed from ^^our 
lfei89\ira last jrear. I have no skull naasuraraents with ma herd in 
California hut irn;' be able to get thaci Irom an asBiatant in Washing- 
ton. I will #rita Mr liockweil at once. 

Thanks for your invitation to visit your MuseuTi. If all 
goes well I shall ^ive myself this ploaeure in the fall- -probably 
in Noveraiber, 

With best wishes, 

Very truly yours, 




Auguat 1, 1921 

Mr Robert H. Rockwell 
Cordova, Alaska 

Dear Sir: 

Yoiir letter ot July 5, addreflaed to the Los Angeles Muse'.an, 
has >.een forwarded to me for reply, as I borrowed the Bear skull in 
question last year and still have it in the National ibia^m at Wash- 
ir^. on. 

I have no bear skull measurenents with me here in Calif- 
ornia, but will be glad to send you those of this skull on ny re- 
turn in the fall. Or. if y«i are in a hiury. you mig^t get them 
more proaf>tly by writing Dr E. W. Nelson, Chief U.S. Biolo/rical Stirvy 

The Hinchinbrook Island Bear is a big one, but its skull 
is no where near so large as skulls from Kadi»k Island ar^ Alaska 

Vary truly yours. 


Next winter I should be very friad to cee the skulla of your Alaska 
Bears. Where y^er^ they killed? 


August 1, 1921 

Dr E. W. Nelson. Chief 
u. S. Biological Survey 

Dear Nelson: 

Dr W. J. Holland, Director Carnegie MuseuiB at Pittsburg, 
asks for the return of a ttrizzly skull borrowed by me in December 1916. 
Its cHtalogua number is 893, Pittsburgh Museum. 

Will you kindly have it looked up and returned. 

Wh^n are you' to head this way? 

Verj' truly yours. 




; 4 


Mr J. P. Harrir^on 
Plaasanton, Calif, 

Dftar Mr Harrinrton: 

k\^. 25, 1921 

We returned late last evenir^ from our laat trip to Hum- 
toldt and Trinity Counties, and in the batch of accumulated mail 
find yoiu- lettere of the 8th and 16th instantfl. But vou rmke no 
mention of the letter I addreeead to you at Simi in accordance ^ith 
a telegram from Dr Fewkas (in ana#rer to ntj wire inqujrir^ ae to 
where you were), Hope you h^ve received it era tbJB so that you 
will understand the situati on. 

An too overwhelmed with work today to vn-ite of nanv datailr 
of interest to you in connection with your conteoj^lated trip to the 
Trinity, but will talk the whole natter ov«r with you when you come. 
Would set a date now but an waitir^ to hear from Dr Vkm and wife. 
They missed us diu^ry:^ our absence and went to Ycseidte. The^ mav 
come Saturday but we do*nt know today. Will drop you another line 
as soon as we hear from them. 

If Mrs Harrington is with yon, you will bring her of courso 
as we shall have plenty of roora when the Manns go, and l!rs M and my 
dau^t^r will enjoy havir^ yov both here. 

Cannot stop to tell you about the last trip now, but will 
say thi s much in advance: I have talked with two other Irxlians who 
speak more or less Chaaarekol And have much more Nekanrd, an the 
Bull Creak KeneetaCfor whom I searched in vain last year), and morel 

As 0ver yours, ^ 



At.igtiBt 27, 1921 

Mr, Nmrrton B. Dniiy 

Sacretan'' 'Save? tho Redwoodd Lea^aa* 

Berkaiay", Calif, 

Itj aaar Sir: 

On retiirnirr from a trip thro\)gh tha Red- 
worxl ForaBtB, I find yor.r lottar of tha 10th inst. enclosir^ 
a map showing the locntjon of the redwood holdings alor^ 
South Fork Trinity from its mouth viij to Miranda. This is of 
much int>areBt to ma, and I wish to thank you for the troi^ble 
you hava takon in prepa ing it; also for the confidential 
detailed nenorandiim conoamin^ the foraats tracts. 

Has any map heen pnMishad shoy/ir^ tha redwood groveB 
from Fnillipsvilla south? 

Ihat is tha outlook as to tha radwoodfl of tha south side 
of roain Kal River between Scotia Bridre and tht3 mouth of 
South Fork? Tnere are thre^ tracts alonr the hi^^hway hare 
which in mr,^ judgrient it is of the utmost iroportance to pre- 
serve, riinaly: (l) the c^ove iriinediately east of Scotia 
Bridge; (2) the grove next wast of Fapperwood; and (3) the 
grove next west of Dj^erville. The destruction of these would 
be an unspeakable calanity. 

I assume that the grove at tha south erA of the Dyer/ille 
Briugo is oocure, althci:igh I really know nothir^ about it. 

Thanking you for your courtesy in the matter, 

Very truly ynnrs 


August 27. 1921 

Dr. Herbert I. Priest lev' 
Bancroft Library 
IJniversit^^ of CTilifornia 
Berkeley, California 

Dear Dr. Priestley: 

MiBB Clenonce has just given me 
the photof-rapk slieets of the Lafora rmp which you were 
kind enough to have made for me during your recent 
trip to Jfeiico. It is a wonderful raap and I an greatly 
indebted for yoiu* kindness and for the trouble vou 
were put to in securing it. 

% clieck for $10 in repa3'Tnent is enclosed herewith. 
With kindest regards. 

^^rj truly yoiu-s 



kifprnt 27, 1921 

Colonel H. C. Ri zar 

U. S. Geolof-ical Siirvev 

Wa8hirv*;ton, "D, C. 

Dear Colonel Rizer: . 

Very many tharics for yoiir lottar of the 
4th inst. and for the Water Supply Papers treating of the 
Routes of Desert Waterin^^ Places in the Salton Sea Rot^ion and 
on the Mohnve Desert -- both of which iwre in ray majl on re- 
turning from H field tri]> rdglit before last. 

I tthiall be still further obliged if you will send r»ie for 
official use the recently issued rnap sheets of Gilroy Hot 
Spriri^s and I\\ulton, Calif., and also Bulletin 721 on 
Geoiogi^ of Korthwoatern Kern County by W. A. Rngliah. 

I have just scanned witn deep interest David Thompson*! 
•Routes of Desert Waterirg Places in the Moliave Desert 
Region* and in spite of th«^ fact that he transfers woodchucks 
fron the crest of tlie high Sierra to the hot deserts, regard 
it as a fine piece of work. 

Just now I an rather acutely interested in one or two 
routes along the southern border of the region, particulafly 
the route from Jannirv^ to Twenty-nine Palms. This part I 
noticed was traversed and described by J. S. Brown. Ib he 
still in the Service? If so, would you be good enough to ask 
him if Indians were still liviig at Twenty -nine Palms at the 
time of his viait? Also, whether or not it is practicable to 


Rn from BHJini ng to Twenty-nine Palms hy autoraobi le' And 

ware thete Indians at Old Womn Sprli^' And doeH either 

Thom.)8on or Brown knnw of a good cainp nan for the trip from 

BHjinine to Twenty-nine Palms — someone more or less faniliar 
with the region*!* 

I should be thankful for information as to the location of 
Any Indians ani'where on the MohAV« Desert. 

We have just returTs d from a most profital>le aut,o camp- 
ing trip along the coast through the Redwood foresta to Hum- 
boldt Bay, Trinidtul» the Lagoons, and also across the moun- 
tains to Trinity River. 

lith best wiahfts from ua all, 

Very truly yoiu-s 

,^ ■ ■ i 




August 27. 1921 

Dear J. C. 

Your letter of July 29 reached us juet aa we were 
pjillinj- out for a trip up the coast. Oddly enou{^ we canped 
on Redwood Flat on Saturday nieht — the ovening of the smne 

* — 

day on which your Boiling Grove dedication exercises were held 
at noon. Sorry we could not have mda it a day earlier, 

fe are ''lad to know that you are likely to pay us a visit 
late in AuGust. That neans aho^it now. We sliall be tdghty 
glad to see as iiany of y^^u as pcssihle as soon an you can 

come. -'- --'- j:::^09^A-*4^^. »*- ,^*^* 

I hope yon have been ahla to ge' away from official work 
and meetings long enough to have gained the benefit you were 

in need of. 

With love from ub all *o all of you. 

^ As ever yours, 



: W 

Dr. John C. Merriaa 
Dunsimiir. Calif 

Bariceloy, Cal?f, 





August 27, 1921 

Dear Dr. St^rhens: 

On retumir^ night hefore last from our 
extancidd trip alor^ ^he northwestern coast, I found yor.r letter 
of the 19th inst., frora which it appears that you and your 
family are once racre back in Alaz!ieda. 

¥a left La^ninitas early on the 6th and drove 200 miles the 
first day , cawting at Redwood Flat. The followir^e day we camped 
at Eiireiia whera I left Klizabeth and Zenaida for eJc^t nr nine 
days while working on Trinity River. Returning from the Trinity 
we drove noj'th tc Trinidad and beyond to the Lagoons, ca^nping 
mostly in a wonderful redwood forest on Big Lagoon. 

I visited half a dozen or more tribes, and do not remember 
to have ever collected so much material before in so short a 

time. , 

For the near future I shall be occupied in writing up the 
results of this trip whil« still frosh in mind. W^ are expect- 
i?g soma people from Washir^ton, but do not know what day they 
are comirg. Will try to connect with you later. 

Was sorry hot to see your sister and he - husband when they 
were her^ but am glad that you gave them the pleasure of the 
^ trip to Santa Cruz and Pebble Beach. 

With love to you all from all of us 


D^. W. Barclay Stephens 
1250 Bay Street 
Alameda, Califorrda 






August 27, 1921 

Mr. Fenlav Hunter 

% dfiar Sir: 

On raturni/Tp: from a. recent field 

trip alone ^he northern coast, I find yo^r letter 
of Alienist 4 a^itir^ attention. 

It iB a ^oity thut the cop:^ sent you of my 'Review 
of the Bie Bears' did. not contain the skull pla^oe. 
On iny return to Washir^on in the late fall, I shall 
be giad to semi you a perfect copy, - 

^en yov. cone to Washirgton I shall be rni^-ht- ' 
ti^ to see you and your Indian relics, and shall of "' 
anu-se he very glad t. see you- bear skull. iV is' 
still too early to set a date :or ay return, but I 
expect to reach Washington so/ne time in December. 

Very truly yours 


' "^ 




* » y 



i 1 


Aiif^jBt 27, 192; 

Professor Irwin H. Barbour 
Uravar8it>^ of Nebraska 
Lincoln, Kebraska 

I>3ar Profesaor Barbour: 

On r«!t\u*nin{^ from a field trij to cij^ 
summer home here at Lagunitaa, I find yoiu" letter of AiigUi>L 4 
f orwaraed from laBhington. 

As you will see from the above, I an away from Washin^y on 
and therofore cannot at present send you any of ^j publications. 
However I hiave not yet published en the Black Bear group, but 
orJy on the Big Bears. 1^^ rovie.w of the Bif; Bears appeared as 
No^'th American Faiina No. 41 of tho Biolo£;ical Survey. I assume 
that you have this series. If not, if you will a^ldrr^ss a letter 
to D^e S. Wr Nelson, Chief H. S. Biological Survey, Wasniri^-jton, 
D. C, he '<¥?l.l be glad to have copies sent yo . 

On rvj return to Washir^on in the fall, I shall be glact to 
send you d^^plicates of a number of trj papers on birds and mam- 
mals, i*^ these wo :Id be of interest. 


I regret that I cannot refer you to a •good classification 
of the Animal Kin^uom*. 

You and your University certainlj'' are to be co:)(;ratulated 
on the lar^e number of student n, both in the Univer?itv as a wbcie 
and in your sracial department. 

With best vrishes, 

Very trul^'^ yours. 





August 27, 1921 

Ai^gi^st 27, '321 

' -^.T^ - 

Mr. K. B. Webster 

Port ADge^r:, Hc^zirJ -^^^ ^t 

I have juBt learned from Grant W. Himes 
of Klwha that you have publiebd a hook treating of 
the livTi-K^ls of the Ol^anpzc Mountains, particularly 
the Roosevelt Elk. . 

I an anxious to secure a cnpy. If you will kindly 
send it addr^^ssed to ne at Laf^unitas, California, with 
hill for sane, I will remit the anount at once. 

lery tnity yours 





^^ <• 

. X 


Mr. Grant W. Hiunea 
Rlwha, la8hin£-+.nn 

Deiar Sir: 

On ret'.u-nine frora a recent field trip, I 
find a letter from Vernon Bailey ^^elline me that :-u have 
a wolf Bkull from the.Olioi^icB which yon are willing to 
let me have. I shall be very glad to see it and would 
like to add it to collection. How snuch is it worth? 

I am obliged also for the infonnation that K. B. 
Webster, of Port Aneele». l^s published a book on niymr.ic 
Mo)int,ain r^uTal.., I ahalL he glad to rirchase a copy 

and am writing for it. 

Yore truly youra. 

^ \ 

1 - 





Aneiist 27. 1921 

Mr. 7, C. Alcsa- 
Stjnson Beach, Calif, 

1^ dear Sir: 

On arri^ix^ from a field trip night 
before laet I found ycr^ Uo phrtngraphe in the accu- 
Dulated nail. 

I an very rmch ohli^ed for hoth of these and par- 
tictilarly for the splendid picture of the fog bank 
rolling in over the hill south of SaasHlito. It it 
A wonderful picture and I cor^atulate yftti on ^oiir 
ttiiccess. • ' . m 


you;'8elf. , 




♦ J I ^ 

?ory truly yotirt. 


At^e^Bt ZB, 1921 

Editor 'Mataral Historr* 

iSS'yJJk City "^ "^ ^^^^^ Hi»^'Ory 

^f dear Sir: 

In sendine yo„ the nannsc^ript of an 
article entitled •Tk,- n^-P i ' «n 

:c ;r^': t: r -" '■" ^ •""-*- 

""»oB, lyi^ sixteenth Street. 
m In<ti«! V„o«buUrv »r,rt . 


« k^. 

Very truly yo'Trs, 

. h. 




Axig. 31, 1921 

Dear Mr Harrincton: 

I have juBt heard from the Ifem^. '^^Y '•■r"^« f^^« 
Portiaxia. Orefeon. havSn^ (com thar. direct, fron Yo3e>d*. in- 
etaaxl of returnirc V. San Franci«cn a. planned. So deoKB are 
clear and we bV,.!! '^ i;lad ^-o Bee yn. a. soon b. you can co.^. 

I would a.k ynu to c«ne ^onorrc. ^V;l f^ar th5fl will not vou in time. So if you will take the 10.45 from Sa.salito 
Ferry slip. Ferry Buildir^. San Friday mornine-. I «ill 
neet you at th« Lbgr^rJtaB s'ation at l?-.?.0 

I-have to ^6 to Ai^iada .ith my f ar.: ly Sat.rda-' afternoon 

out we will have tin,, tn arrane^ plana hy t-. e^- *- 

•.V „« .^^ ^ V c-'BerV-ae-.'. Glad -re cm f^ t.'^g',ther a* last. 

''OU with us *0 o.f . DOir. >xc^« 

Hastily ycrra, 


Mr Johr P. Harri nfr-?5 
PlGasanton, Calal. 


Sept. 1. 19?.l 

Dear M 33 Clenenca: 

Sorn about yoi^r ]:dn. T!ae folks ^ooiz it to Uurah*B 
this normrig. I ac/ii^t vvoncter yon overlookt it.--:'h*B ao shortl 

Am oxpooting H in the mornjrv;, ♦o stay oy^r tiii Saturda-" 
noon. Siiall ':*% ^lau tc sets yon Monday nnrrjr^^ ^'•'* 7^^^ ^*^^ i^^ con- 
V3xnient to corae, 

. Hava juet recaivad and acknowiede:ed D- Co^'s Guide to the 
Co'Lnty Archives of Cal* ^')rnia--a most uBeful bnok and ona I sn /^iad 
to add to our California li^rar^^. 

Am not surn th6^ yo:; took ^r-e M-^7ah. rjame -f M^rc^d River, 
it ib Wali-kal-jiut-tah, nerinir^e, ^^ig river*. Iti» aiF.-^ calUd hj 
the Chowchilia and Yoseniti^ Indians, Ah-weih-ne wah-kal-loo-hn, tut 
in everydfe "^^alk the Yosfjnita Ind:ans rail it Vah-kah-loo, "e::nlnt^ 
sinply THK river. -' ' 

Hi^h fog here ^oday'for first time since o'^>- return. 

Very truly yours. 






Sept. i, l-^^i 

Dtjur It^ij Cl^'^^^^':^: 

Scrr acout your lan. Ti\^- foxKa tor:i -^ v-. K.-'siii's 
this ncnirvj. I aoii*t vToncer /on oi^erlooki IV- ' •;> 30 sh . . 

noon. Suali. ^*^ eJ^***^ ^— '"^'''' '""• M— iUm' '^^'^^ 
V anient to cnvie. 

<; { r#*^ ' T v^^ •; f 

>' • 

. Htvf-i y^f^^ r9^:eiv9'.1 and aoknowiadp-ed Tf" C: *? (rroda to the 
Conjitj' A^jhivtja of CKilfornie.- a most r^B^f:! bn-,k .^>^u ona I pj^i ^ciad 
to bAd to j*ir CfiiirorrJa l:Vra'^''. 

A-n non 6- - *!•=-♦ ]•■:■■ UvK '• .• Jt:.-': •: -• :* M-^rceci River, 
io WiUi-kar-.Trit»tci:i, iiewUi'iv^ '^oig ru^e •. P la also callKt V;7 
tha Chcv7chil].a and Yo-^nita Ir4i?.nR, Ah*imh-ns ;7dLi-r?l-loD'-hti, b::t 
in eyo^jdv^ talx tiio Y^^^aniV^ Indians -^^11 it W8h-ka!>lo:>, :-c:r:,: 
fiinj:!;; TH?] river. 


Hi^^h fog re^'? ^o^.lay ^*"or Ti rst 1:^,6^ 3? ^-oa>* ret^irr.. 

Vary tril^^ yonra. 

< . » 


» w^, 1 


S^pt. 1, 1921 

Dr O/zen C. Coy 
Bancroft Librar^'^ 
Berkeley, Calif. 

Itr dear Doctor Co^^: 

A " copy of your meat usafi;! Look--Griude to the 
(Jounty Ardiivee of Gkilifornia--has just reached me, for v/hich I 
hasten to oxpreBB my appreciation. 

Several years ago I was delighted to know that you had 
Bucii a work in preparation, not only because of its £;reat value 
to hiBtorians and s^tudents of political geograpny, ^^ut also for 
the mor*" selfish reason that I foreBav/ that it t^onld be helpful to 
»e In ry orm field. And only recer^ ly, \vl.e7; in lt;rekic, it n e cf 
matfurial seiifice to mj^ dats^ter in loca^ijTg old dou'-'mite fo^'rhdch 
we were Bt^rGliing--saMeone in the Coirt House lia-*?!^ loa::ea har a 

-^f* at. 


I oo:i£;rAt:lat3 you on o-^ing the 2'Hrant of set ifseful u 
look, and the HiBtorical Surv&j on liavin^ heen the means of'accoro- 

piishing 80 important e piece 'of ?;ork. 

&w}v«»«^^ v' . 


■ -;t. 

With b'sbt wishes, 

* Very truly yours ^ ' * 


«. w « 

t • ' 


4 % 

lev • •*. 'W • .. v4^ 


Septeniber 7, 1921 

Mr. W. I. Adajroft 
Quef lcco\mtant 
Sroithaonian Inbtitution 
Waaldr^ton, D. C. 

Thes Mr. AdaniB: 

Hftrwith I am encloaire ^' expense account 
for the month of AuguBt, axnoiintins to $245. ?9; and a voucher 
of $66.50 for ZeiKdda Merri con, ^^luch I shall l::e otliged jf yon 
will paj^ as usxml from the Harriraan Fund. 

There are one or two items which I wi sh to explain. For 
instance, on August 6 at San Rafael T purchased a gallon of 
Monogrm oil a^ later in the saiue day Ut Willette) addition- 
alj oil. The reason is that I £oi a itjallon can of oil to carry 
alorc for use at places where I Aas unable to secure the right 
kind. The oil purchased at WillettB(l40 railes north of San 
Rafael) and other pla.caG beyond was put directly into the 

crank case* ^ 

Anotiier n^tt^r. though rather trivial, relate?, to the 
jurchaae of gaaoliiB . On the north bound the price of 
gas incr«a8sd B+eadily from 23t cen+.s a.t San Rpiael to, 29 cents 
at Willetts. Accordir^ly, on the np trip I kept the tank full, 
purchaeir^ whatever it vculd hold at the several point, passed 
in oraer to get the lowest price. On the return trip, the oppo- 
site- cor*rse was followed. 



During ny side trip to Trinity/ River August 8 - 16, my 
daughter remained in camp at Eureka rircrki rg on early records 
of Huinboldt County Indians preserved in the Courthouse at 
lureka, said recordspoverirg the period fro<ti 1854 to the early 
60's and bairg of njateriMl value in cur work. 

On this last trii I was remarkably successful, obtaining 
vocabularies and other material from five different tribss, 
and workirg two manijars of a tribe si pposed to be extiiKjt. 
This material I have juet placed at the disposal of Mr. Har- 
rington who has today gene north to obtain granitiatical stuaies 
from the same Indiarxs. No 02;e else knows of the existence of 

these Indians, 

?ery truly yours ^ 

P. S. The enclosed bill of $12.56 fros; H. A, Lease, of 514 
9th St., Wasliir^ton, D. C. haB just arrived. It is for a 
new shutter for one of rr/ ciixmrt, which was attiichoa all 


rigiit. It' mer'iory is that th^j bill was prdd before I left 
Washington hut I fail to find any menon.nduE;. I shall be 
obliged therefore ix yr\} will kindly send Leese a check fcr 
the abov. arioi-jit. 



C« Hart ^lerrievn 


Lacmitas, Iferin Co., Gaiir. 
Expense acco-int for Ai;i~u8t, 1921 





2 lagiinitas: 5 gals Gaa @ 26ct8 

5 SauBalito: 10 gal» Gas @ 23a 
S. ClmmncQ^ Barkalav-LagiimtaB & return 

R€nt typei^riter for ifisa Clemenca to Aug-ast 18 1 
Marsh & Co., Photo «rork July g 

6 San Rafael: 3 rals Gas .71: TrarxS oU 1.10 
1 gal Monogram oil IJ^O; kxr^n ta^^e .10 
Ukiah: 5 (^als ga» @ 28 

Willits: 5 ealB Gna 9 29 .87; oil 48 
b Stagu, loroKa to Willow Cr cri TriniVr River 

Bkfat Kuraka 75; Dinner MareVs en route 75 
9 Suppar, H^: & ^kfetCStoth's) s 

Farii on Mail sta^^e, Willow Cr to Burnt Ranch 
10 & 11 Indian Chesbro & wife, Borvices, vocab &c 

Krjfe & other nreBante for Iridiai: cliildren •:?, 

12 Carpenter Rancxi: Board & Idg dinner Aug 9to rkfat 4 
Stc^^b to Soutn ForK 

13 Stt^re, South* Fork to Carpenter Ranch • 

15 Indian (A.L.BuBh), Trip irom Hyajr^on & servicpis 5 
Carpenter RanchrBoard k Idg Aug 13-16 incl bd & 

lag of Indian (A.L.BuBh; fc horaefeed 6 

Staf^o to Rawki nB Bar 4.^0- Hairtcins Bar -Areata 7.25 
Dinner & s'rnper ^n i^oute 75 
Stage, Arcala-Rureka .54^ Ink 10; filma 1.50 
Auto at Rureka 9 days @ oO cts 

Renaira to car during ray abBenceiBtartor lipchta & tire) 
17 Sureka: IS gals gaa @ 27, 4.32, oil 70 
Trinidad: vulcanizing tire 
18-20 Stone La^^^^* Chdmarako womeui 7.00!Nererntir 1. 

2IiRu-eka:l2 gala Gas @ 27.3.24; oil 1.15 
21*22 Fortiona: Rirt Lolankok family 5: Garhenrille Ind. 1.50 






23 Fortuna Auto-Park: 2 nights h 56 cts 

24 Y«w-Trd8 Auto-Park north of Willits, 1 nipht 
24 ¥iliitB:10 gala Gas @ 29 2.90; rapa'rs & oil, 9.15 
24 San Rafael: 16 gals Cas @ 23* 

Qatap ofteas.self, 10 days & 1.25(Au6.6&7.&. 17-24inc 
Caran rawds, asst.jl '/days 01.25 (Aue. 6-24 incl) 

29 S.Cleioenoa, Rent ti'pawriter Aug IS-Sept. 18 
S.Clanenca, Berkeley-Lagiini tas & ret. Sat. special 
S.Cleiiionce, meals on Pern' an route 

30 Marsh & Co. Photo work, Atif-ust accoxmt $1 
30 Sausalito Perry: Gar iself to San Proncisco.rjt. 

Ne'w leaf to car springCfloover bill) 10 

Msal 8 1.50; street car far^s 35 

10 gals Gas @ 23i 

Dr H.I. Priestly, Univ. Calif. Photo copy Lafora map 11 

Po statue 

1 30 

2 36 

i 66 

4 on 

27 86 











5 Oi 



10 00 
1 50 


7 00 
11 75 

1 50 

2 14 
4 50 


8 00 
4 39 




12 05 

2 35 

12 50 

22 75 


1 48 
1 50 
9 45 




2 35 

10 00 



245 79 



S#ptemher 7» 19?:1 

Mr. E. Mailinckrocit, Jr,, 
Litti© Mno8« Lie 
Old Porga, Nev; York 

Dear !ir-. Millinckrodt: 

Ahaence on a field trip in northern 
O-liforrda deityed nry -ecflipt of yciir letter of At^ust 17 with 
acconT,an:'int^ article and illustrations on your B-^ar Hunt cfi Ala»ici 

I have just r-^cui vcia- 2auiUscr:pt,T!iich is s- full of real iseat 
that eve-y p«€e of it intorosts r.e greatly — so mrh so indeed 
that I 8>:hll be f^lfA to quote frnta it in rrj final work en the 
Big Bears. 

Yo;jr phctocraphs are rsaarkatle, parti cr.larly the ono glr-r/ir^ 
the charcine Boar vihich ch£n,-©d his nind^am tha Bsriee shr-wir^, 
the sleepini' inother and cubs.v/ith several cta^.;e8 of tr.eir a^rakir^ 
and final retreat up ths rocky slop*. This is the .nost spler^id 
Bories of pictrres of a tear faiiily thut I have ever seen, and I 
doubt if it 7/ill ever be eq-iailed. You are to he cor^ratulated 
on Bdnnrinf^ so maiiy viev.a of such unupual merit. 

You ask for criticism of the nanuscript. I have only a few 
to make; 

On t!.(> first pt,^^e ynn riantion the region between Mount Pair- 
TT-mthar wid Mcum St. Ei-ue as "the rafinn of ereateat ejlacial 
aounannce on thia con+:nenf. I sh uld add -exopt the a-Ui-ach a 
ana Wrar^ali Mf)ii>:taina aril -he flordr- of Princo Williairi Sound". 






Uailinckrod^ Z 

The e^eat Coliintia Olaaier of Prince William Sourxi and the Har- 
vard arji Yale cXo-gUcq at the haada cf th-^) fcrka 'f College Fiord 
extsnd far back into the rnonntiiina, covarinc; 6norr!io-R areae. It 
mi^ht be better to enlarge yo-T territory, loavir^ the first part 
of the aantence as it stands so that it would read •The region of 
greateRt glacial abimditnce on the continent extend?, from Cross 
Sound to the fiords of Prince Williaia So'ind and hack into tb« 
interior as far as the G5?ut:aoh and Wrancall Mountains." 

Page 4," I liave taken the liberty cf cnant-ing your word 
•varietv' to •specieH*, for the reason thj-.t naturulistd do not a-T- 
ploy 'Variety* in th« sense ix> ^hich you hiW.? used it. I have also 
aada a sli^jiit cliant:^ in the last seiitftnca of the aane paragraph. 
Pyge 5.-- Your explanation of the trails of the Bi^ Bear strikes 

rae as •'''tirely correct. 

Yc\i '-^QT^ ex+r^nely fortunate in witnoasin^ the hear figjit you 
describe, .u.d your account of it is certairJy thrillina;. At the 
cotton of paga 5 you spook of "lack of defirition in the pic- 
ture". The photograph see.ris to tae cldar ami siiarp — not need* 

ing any apology. 

Page 6.— In descrihirg the fight j'o.i say t^ust the Grizzly 
ia supposed to kill cattle by rippirg up the belly. I have read 
many firsthtind acco-.mts of cattle-killing by GrizzUoB, hut do 
not renenber to have coma across anythiA~ of this kind. Your 
explanaUon of the causo of the fight as a ruttirg season battle 
strikes me as correct. 

Page 9.-- Your observations on the colors of cuhs and adult 
Bears are interesting and agree with Sheldon's experience in 
the sroTiQ line. 

I* I 

r s 

i I 



iM*iAJb.X. ..V*<^' 

The laat paragraph on pa^e 9 noetic correction, as hsar ruts 
are not hem in erj:ir^,bnt a^lwayg i:^J^:^A^:K' *^'"^ ^'^^ ^^ 
percent are horn in the month of January, a few in rare cases 
holding on imti i-the iirb'« «a«k i.. T^hAu^'y. Slr<xr)^9 aa it may 
appear, all of oiu* Arnarioan Bears from the Arctic to Mexico, in- 
cl-ding the Polar Be^u'S. Big Brown Bears of Alaska, SrizzlJ e8,and 
Blacks, liave their yr^unc in Juiiary. 

Yoa say that the yotwg *+• hirth are not much larger than a 
large scjuirrel. In this statoiient you are within the truth- 1 
have l)33n for+tr-ate enoiv^-i to exa-dne newly bom young of both 
the Bij B^ovm Bear of Alaska Penina'ala, grs^is /-.'as. and yellow- 
stone griz/Aias. In both casos they ware decidedly smaller than 
a gray sciuirrei. Tliair eyes ^ere e-lued sl;ut ard their bodies 
were practically naked- Unde- natMral conditions, the mother 
do^s not leave her den untJXB?}L«^al raonths^^ft^rjhe^b s are, 
bom. ami one would be safe in sayir^ that the cubs are not aUe 
to follow. their raother until they are at least two or thre* 

months old. 

At the bottom of pace 12 you speak of the great KodiaJi Bo-ar 
at the Bronx Zoo with a front paw approx.^r^ately 10 inches wide, 
measured from his foot .narks on tlie concreta floor. It goes 
without sayir^ tli^A the great weigiit of a Big Bear will cause the 
foot to bul^e out sidewisa far enonr>. to give an appreciably 
frraater noasurement th^in that taken from the foot itself. The 
Boar in auestion is sixpposed to have ccb« from Kadiak Island, 
but I have always had my doubts. I have not seen this animal 
and its comr;anion for a couple of years, but on previous visits 
I have not detected any points of difference from the big 





I'ialiincki'edt 4 

Alaska Perinsula UrsuB ^-vap , Hian I last saw it th^re ma rjc 
trace of the greiit doinakiop of the head T^hi^jh is character! Btic 
of males of the Kadiak Bear. 

You do not say rmich ahout the food of the Bearjj you killed. 
If you made arvj notes on the atomch cont3nt8, it -v-ould be worth 
while to mention these in yoio- article. 

As a roinor -r^t^tter of nornenclat;iral *'2T^^^phy, it ?8 ^^he c";5- 
torn of m»t'iralists to be^-fn all specific nanea -vvith a lover case 
letter, reeervir^ ca^:.s for the Initial letter of the i^-an^riu naxuO. 
Thus, we write Uraiui frr u^ and Ursua a iidde r^nrfi . not Urs ; n^ Ovna 
and grs^,8 l £j (ide;ndv: ;rfi . 

I ajfn retnnunp; yo-ir nianuecript and phntop;raphs by resists '-od 
mail here\nth,ard ars very much ohli.^ed to yni for iettir;g rie n ud 
the article in advance of its publication. It is a real contri* 
bution to OMT kiiowled.^a of the natural history of^r^: Bears, ard 
will be read vrit,h interest by both r^turalists and hunters. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yourfc. 


■i »• ■■» 




'■ !( 

I ) 

I . 1 

toptcmfcer 7, 1921 

H • E« 6. WebBtar 
Presi^ient Klahhano Club 
Port Xngeles^ WaBhington 

Dmt It. Webster: 

Your letter of the Ist inst. caiiie a day 

or two aeOf »^ Y^^ ^^^*^» ^^® *^^ ^^ ^^® Olyr^Dict*, arrived 

It is qmUsm W add that I am greatly pleased to see thie 
book, which I had not saen before, b-nd that I greatly appre- 
ciate vmn-wOiurtaav in semintS i^^ to ma. I spent iaet eveiing 
readir^ parts of it and was df^liehtad to find that it abounds 
in reliable infornation, rn-ch of which is entirely ne^ to moet 
of UE, concerring the 3taJ:it3 of a considerable number of rrsm^ 
mala. It is ther^^'^J^© of practical valus to ne and I shall 
take the liberty ^ quoting from you in a number of insttmces. 

Tou ward fortimate also in obtaining so many ejcellent iilua- 
tntiaca. I iwta srrpnsed to learn that ny protege, the Bocr>e- 
volt Kik, is so abiindant.and ohat it has b^on possible to secxire 
a photograph s}iowing so rmny in a aipgla Tierft. 

While you disclaim anjtkirr itcra^.han a popular knowledge of 

our matnnala, yon have naTerthelses made valuable contributions 
to the life histories of several soacirts. 

I hare made note of the numbers of North Araoricar. Fauna which 
you already have and think I can send t^ou some of the others en 
my return lo Washir^gton in the late fall. 

th ranavad thanks axxi best wishes, 

Tery truly yurs, . 




IJr ^.V.NelBon. Chief 
".f>. Piolo^cal Siinrev 

Washirvf.on, D.O, 

Dsar N»lBon: 


Yours of the '^th instant just receivod. 

The two batuiies of B«ar skulls fron Fred Phi Hi fa of 
Iliamna mn aaknowleciged by me under date of r^rch 18, 1921, 
•ni a chock of 177 in payraent tnerefor -^-rb Hsnt by the Smith- 
sonian on or about April let. 

Ab starting for Klamath River today, expectix^ to be 
tack at LBgTinitas about the end of the laonth. Meanwhj le the 
facjily will he hora on and off, between visits in the Bay regint 

le all «re expecting to see you at lijg'mitas early in 
October. Till then. So lorg. 

As ever yours. 







I •* 






^^r^'» 27, iQj>i 

Collector, Interral Fevenim 

Itear ^ir: 

'^'our notice (enclosed herewith) of additional Income Tax 
for 1916, forwiirded from Tashington, reached me today on rrrf 
rstiirn fr<xa a field trip in northern Halifornia. 

J-^'' check for the amount (^5S.M) on National l^tropolitar 
Bank cf Waahir^ton, is encloBed herewith. 




Fept. 27, 1921 

W J. P. fb,rri :'VT*'> on 
Willow Oreek, ^^alif. 

Tear Mr Harrinrrtan: 

'^our most irtar^BtinF; and most welcome letter of J^ept.U 
readied ne today on fs;/ retiirn from Kltaoath River. 

I stopped on the way to hRve another session with l^irs Jfc 
6Lnd wae able to clear ^ip a whole lot of those mieeraVle discrep* 
anciBB and mieTinderstandingBt-tViankB he! 

You surely were in luck to n^.n across ^!r wailey on your 
way np, and I am delirhted to know tliat you are ha^virg such suc- 
coBS with ?frs Nohlo, 

'^9 tern f^ah-ya ^^iven you as the name of a coast tribe 
south is in its several forms (as §a::yah, Pi-ah Jc"* in use ancr^. 
various north-coast tribes for a tribe or tribes livir^ at a dis- 
tance--BOE2etine8 up ^'ad Ri?er or the ^-^an Diizen; Borcetimes for the 
tribes collectively south of the We-yot; soTretimes for tribes far 
to the northward. It seems to refer to ^^sta^^inlmoj^ 
rather tlian to any specific tribe. 

T ha^'e Piines for Humii npiii rd and the little bobtail Wren 
but an not sure of either of them. "Perhaps ^''ou wi IJ have better 
luck. Othir words desired are : already, always, not yet, nexer^ 
aroiiFia (as» around the house), top, bottom, middle. And did 
the^^ have a nane for yello\iv? 

HavB ^.00 rr.^ch tr ^o foat.y to write mr)rr^ now. H-ive rr,'' kind- 
est rafttru^as to Vrs Moble. and please keep me posted as to your 
t^dr^cjs, and a3 to VTiien I:Kaly to return. 

With best wishes, *. ^ 




Septerchar 30, 1^21 

Col. H. C, Rizer 
Ghi«f "le^rk 

U, B, L^eolo/vical ^i^n^ev 
Waelnr^.on, D. C. 

Dear Col. iiizer: 

Verj'^ rmnj' thanks for your letter of 
September 14, whfcl; I find on ry rett;rn from a fi^^ld trip 
in the Klarnath River rerion. Thanks for the GUlroy Hot [springs 
and Da Iton nap srieets hIbo recaived. 

The irJ*orr»B.tion yen rive ne about '^wenty-nine ^aln». Old 
Woman Spnj^, and other points ie jtist y&\Rt I wanted, and I 
ara particularly glad to know that the Indians fomerly at 
T^-entjr-nire ^alr-e have noved to ^alm !^priTv:8. This will enable 
ma to reach tham mch more easily. 

I worked with the InriianB at Palm Sp:^nps several years 
a^-^o before the arrival of the one© yoii nantion; have also 
worked the ^5ohave anil Needles reriom 

Please thank Ilr. Thonpson ar^ !ir. Brown for the infonna- 
tion furnished. Tliis will save me a lot of time arxl trouble. 

With bast wishes, 

Very tnily yours^ 



?,opt«tnV.«»r 30, 1^?1 

Ool. r^. C. Pizer 
Gv.i«f Clerk , „ 

TJ. S. a^olfv:?cal .->Tn'e7 
''ae^ii rr;t or., I*. ^» 

Dear Col. lizer: 

le^r n^m thanke for ymr letter of 

neptemh-^r 14, whicl; I find on r-iv- ret:.rn fron a fi»»16 trip 

in the Klw-iith River r«6i<^n. 'liRnke for the Silroy 'ct ''prir^ 

ar-a JVi- Iton nap c.h9e*8 p.Ipo received. 

The irfor>'anor. 3'"" r>« ""^ •'•^■"'^*' "^Trenty-nin© Trains. Old 
Wotmn Srr-Jic. arul othar rcirita 5^ j^st vt^i^t T ^^T^nt-d. pM I 
am c-.lKrly fdod tr know tv^t t}.. fcrmrly at 
T-.v9nty-nir.e Pair's novod to ^aln ;'.pria-s. Tins wj 11 f»naV> 
ma to reach th-jr' ^Tich rncrA eaeily. 

I rv-orked ..:--h the Iritiifin? at Pair, fpnn-s rcveral y?arB 
ar.o hefore the arrival of th^ oneu yo'.i nertjr.r; ^^ve also 
rorkad the lichave and :'eeclle3 region. 

Pleaee +harJc "r. Thorapson and :ir. Brown ^or the inform- 
tion fnrrJehHd. T'lis xr.U save we a let cf tir.e anl tror.hie. 

With hast wishes. 

■7r>T-" tnil'' •"ours. 




September 30, 1921 

Dr. John C, Merriaic 

PreBident Camar^e Institution 

Washington, D. C, 

1^^ dear J. 0, 

On returnir^ to Laguiiitas from a recent 
trip in the Klamath re£:^*or, I fiM yoiir letter of t^ie 15th 
inct. awaiti>-;g attention. 

We are glad to know that you and f arj ly liave reached 
WasMr^ton safely, and that yon find mir house properly cloeed 
and apparently undistiu^hed. 

I arc surprised at wJiat you tell rae ahout ?r. 7- T. Water- 
man*B material on the Irjdian names of the geographic featuree 
of the Crescent Hity region. I had supposed that the Univer- 
sity of ^al:forrJa(Departme*-t of Archaeology'' and '^'thnologj^ 7/a6 
the lof-ical and proper place for the p^"' li cation of such 
Lnaterial. If not, T hardly know what to ci;r3gest. I r^^self 
have on hand enough ethnologic- 1 naterial to fill a series of 
vclvjTies, but do not yet know how or when I shall be able to 

Eli^.abeth and Zenaida expect to return to Wasbdr^ton the 
last of October, but I am likely +o reniain in California a 
mofith or so later. 

'J^ith kindest regards to you all. 

As ever ym^rs 




Sopt ember 30, 1921 









Dr. R, W. NelBon 

Chief Biological Survey 

Washir^ton, D. C* 

Dear Nelson: 

On r0turri2\3 from my last trip in the Klaimth 
River region, I find your letter of the 19th inat. awaiting 

The lagiinitaB branch of the Merriam family in grieved 
he^'^ord words to know that you are nnt to he with ue in the near 
future, as we had several little trips up our sleeve which we 
feel sure you would be glad to take with us. 

However we shall hope for better success next year and 
trust that in the meantime you will be able to keep in good 
health, and that you will succeed in accomrlishir^ what you 
wish for the Survey. It ce -tainly is a great pity that the 
Survey has to be kept on the defensive so much of the time in 
connection with reorp;ani2ation schemes. 

EncLbsed is a letter just received f ron W. ?!. Du^^ea of 
Dutton, Iliamna Bay, con^^laining that the ArKierson Itock Com* 
pany of Seldovia is holdirig several boxes of bear 8kuliS| 
apparently for transportation charges • Will you kindly drop 
this Company a lino containing the proper stimulus'^. 

With best wibhes from r<n all, 

As ever yours. 






^ ac^./'t?Ti}H 





1 * 


October 3, 1921 

Mr. J. ^. Harri ronton 
Willow Creek, "u!*oldt Co., 

Dear It, Harrington: 

Had expected to be off on another trip 

before this, but have had so much to do in writing up the 
res Its of the last trip that I m still at iB^cunitae. 

Blnce irritii^, you the other day I have thoncht of several 
things th.t eee-.i worth w}:ile lookinG into ^lo you are still 
on the ground. 

For instance, Its. %• S^'«» ^ ^^^^ °^ P^^^^ ^^-^^ ^ ^^^ 
not ret from anyo e else -- a person ehe-mhr, plural che- 
mars and cioA-Joar'-rahs; house alT-wah. houses ah^^ahs; tree, 
g^trah, trees at-traa.; man, ^tre, :nen, «ttriJ.; ^^^* 
anw'-i-yA^-Xah, sandy arn-m-j'-ah-kaft; dog, she-chAL-.lahi dogs. 

she-c liel-las. 

Coyote has two wholly different names: namely, Mi-chan-te- 

r^. and ^e^t^n-toiBaJi. 

I failed to get the Hhernareko naine for the tribe on 
South Fork Trinity just aho^- (so'^th of) its junction with the 
roain Trirdty. like-ffise the naffie of the trVne at Forks of 


The big Skunk is Prish^rah. I did not get the distinctivt 

•rArae for tue little Spotted Skunk. 





Harrir\:ton 2 

The naraea of aniiiai^ which I failed to get are: 
Porcupine, Beaver, Mole, Ea^le, Redtail Hawk, Blackbird, 
Kingfisher, Flicker, Swallow, Humming-bird, King Sr^ke, Bull 
Snake, larr;e Lizard (living in forest), Toad (as distinct 
from frog), Hornet, ICoaquito, Worm. 

Other words which I asked for, but did not get: 

sinolw-hole and chipping-bone. For could I get arjr words for 
the jreneral +>ems, animal and. plant. 

The name ChiltKMi is the Ifeidenhair FemC'^ *«.T«f K^lVvv.) . 

Sea if you can get the narre of the little Wren. I c-ot 
ZBttchrSL-mnj)jiyfr<^^ but am not sure that t^is is cor r act ^ 

On the last trip, I got for Robin. Chp^o^A awk M.^- 11^ which 
obviouBly is fro!>i its song. See if you can get another name 
for it. 

On ny eecond visit Mrs. Tfe. gave Yek-yek aa tne name of a 
powerful ha?fk, doubtless the smne as Welcrwek, the falcon, '^^ut 
I do not know any way of makiiTg sure of the species except by 

It is interes i^g to note that Jlrs. N. gave you for 
Ironside Jlountain, A-woo Trah*dah. lire. J^. on nijr last visit 
gave me a reverse form - nFinely, I r a^^^A J^ • wo o, . both 
meaning the same thing, Big ?tountain. 

I ejq^ect to start north again in a couple of days, and 
hope to put in some more work before the rains set in. Hope 

to find a letter from you on iiy return. 

Please give my kind regarda bo !ir8. Noble and also to 
Forest Rarv^ors Graham and Uregory, of you cheoice to meet then. 

With bast wishes, 

Very truly yourSi 

■* « 



October 3, 1921 

Mr. JamsB nhesbro 
Burnt Ranch 
Tri.uty Co., Calif. 

Ify dear Sir: 

Enclosed are prints of the photographs 
I took ^^en at your place eocia time a^.. Thej^ s^am 
to me to be very good, and I hope you will like them. 

Please give my kind regards to all of your 
f ar^i ly. 

With best wishes, 

Very truly yours, 


October 3, 1921 

Mrs. Greorge Green 
Burnt Ranch 
Trinity ^o., Calif. 

^fW* Mrs. CJreen: 

Enclosed are prints of the 
photographs I took of your fa/dly. It hss taken a 
loHG titte to get them, as I have been far away on 
another lor^ trip. 

With best mshes to you all, 

Very truly yours 




93 r 

1 ist . 


October 5, 19?.l 

yir. W. I. Adarns 
Chi gf Accountant 
Spiith'oniari Institution 
WaBhin^rton, n» Ct 

Dear Ur. AdainB; 

Horowith I am transrdtting t^ account 
for the month of S«ptenVer arrnnting to ^177, 89f And 
shall be oblieed if you will ki dly send the check 
to La^auiitaa as early as practicable, for the reason 
that I ej^pect to po to Southern California soon after 


the 20^>h, and should 'ike to ciepnsit it in the 
Crocker Bank before I leave this part of the State. 

Have recently returned from another most success- 
fu|tnp to the Klanath and Salmon River oountry, 
where I obtained a splendid lot of mterial fron a 
survivor of another tribe 8ui)posed to be extinct. 

Latttr on \73 11 write you aboi^t where to serjd the 

next pay checks. 

Very truly yours^ 







i;»ntti u MOV 1 .11^ 

La^juiiitas, ikrin Co., Calif. 
Expenss accotmt for September 1921 

Sopt- 7 San Anselmo, 10 pvls. pae @ ^'it/ 

it i P^^s* stamped 
13 5 g!ilP. ]&>Mife oil 

Trip to Klaisath River: 

^^ SaU^'en^roSte ^"^^^ $15.5e.;Eu:-eka- Areata $0.52 
Hoora Areata Hotel 
Photos of Imiar-s (c^ircliaBed) 
Stage, Areata to Orleais 
BkfBt Areata .75; din. Trinidad .fO 
btone Lagoon. Sup., Ldg., Bkfst. 
Pp-id Chemareko wopisr. vocab work 
OrlrtanerMcLellar. Karok,.^ r.eranriR, ? davR @ $2 
Kmfe for coy .60- B-aar 4c for girls .50 
c ?^'®' Sr-*-?*^^ *° Scvlinon River month 
tj -^f^T.^*^- Konomeho woman 2 days @ $3 
M. & Idg., 2 days Sop t. 20-227$S: Feed of 

Orleana: i^cl^llt^ Karok. 3 persons 2 dav« @ $2 
3d. & kl^ SuD. Sept. 16 - Bkfst. Sept. 20^ 19.50; 
&;r. Sep*. 23 - Bkfat. Sept. h $9.50 * 
Staf^e, Orleans - Eiireka 
^u-eka: B-,^/^are .?5; "Supper $1. 

RR fare, Eureka - Sp.r Rafael 

Lower berth 


Fare, Ssji Rafael - Lagunitas 
J&rsh a Co. Photo work for September 
Paid tiuou^^h UiBB Clanenc©; 
Sept. 5 g^^&^'erry, Berkeley- L^unitas & return 

}? L!!^f'^^*J^®''^^^i"6 E^P®^i 2 Bter. r^ote-books 
'io V®vi °' typewriter §ept. 16 - Oct. 18 
^ L*^®* carbon puper 

EalB^®^'^* BerKaley - LH^.;.mata8 & return 

Telephone Berkeley - La^=;unita8 






2 36 

1 12 

6 55 

16 02 

1 eo 


2 00 


9 81 

1 25 


1 60 

4 00 

12 00 

1 10 

1 25 


6 X> 


4 50 

12 00 


19 00 


10 35 

1 25 

15 55 


4 05 





26 16 
















177 89 










October 5, 1921 

Prof, B. W. Evernsmn 
Cabrprria Acaden- of Sciences 
San Francisco, Calif. 

Dear Dr. Evannann: 

On returrir^: from p^ recent tr5p 
to Klmi^.h Hivar. I fo»«t yonr note of Se^t. 26, ask- 
inK fne to call at tha Acadenv. 

This I certainly shall do before returning East. 
I have Hlrei^ called at your office a conple of 
times , but liad the misfortime of fi-xij^g you oit . 

As yo;. and I were both brcUGht up on fana, we 
reair.ze the neceBsity f or naking hay while the aun 
Bhines. Therefore you will realize, particularly in 
vlep; or tie coast cliraate at this season, why I am 
•sttiuy out in the nonung for «-/ last field trip up 
the coast. 

Till my return. 

Very truly yours, 




October 5, 1921 

lb-, Rav White 
Burnt Ranch 
Trinity Co., Cidif. 

Dear Mr. White: 

When you took raefron B-.-rn*. 'Kanch down 
Trinity Pdver in your cliariot an.<i let mo stop to take 
a CO. pie of photof;raph«, I pronjsod to send you prints, 
if they were any p^ood. One of thetr is no eood at all, 
the other ratter poor. However I arti sendii^ it %o 
j'cu herewith. 

With best wishes, 

Very truly yours^ 



If t ' 

1^ I 

I i 




ytr, Ji\rje& Saxey 
Willow Cr^ak 
RiOTboldt Co.,OKllf. 

Octo>)«r 5, 1921 

' i 



D(%ar Sir: 

Then you and I met at Bu-nt Ranch in 
July, I proniaod to send you a cop^ of the littlo 
photo^^rnph I took of the farily at your uncle's 

I took these p?ctnro8 with a very small canera, 
and had to >ia?e th^ prints enlarged. Owing to iny 
absence oii other trips, I have o^ly today rece^ived 
the e^'larpenentB,and an sending you herewith the one 

I proniBBd, 

Very truly yours. 

Ur. OharleB W. Carpenter 
Burnt Ranch 
Trinity Co., Califs 


Octotor 5, 1921 

Dear }ir. Oarpanter: 

It is an odd coincidence that 

your letter of October 2 reached me this morning in 
the BHmo majl with the 8-ilar£;enentsof some photographs 
I took with i^r little cnmera ^rhile at your place laet 

As one of these shows two of your children arnl 
two of the others show jiarts of your ranch, I tho--ght 
you rniglit be interested to have them, and therefore 
1 am enclos: r^ them herewith. 

Since leaving you I have made two trips up 
the C'oast, the last one to Klanath River; and we are 
plaiming to start north again tomorrow. 

¥ith kind regards and best wishes to you all, 
inclu'riing the dear little children. 

Very truly yotirs 






* ■ 


October 6, 1921 

Mr. J. P. Harrington 
Burn^i Ranch 
Trinity Co., Ciilif. 

Dear Mr. Harrin£^.onJ 

Yowr latter of Sept9G3h»er iO eirrived 
a few roinutsB af^o. I an thar:kfMl that it crtd when it did 
as //e are to start north on irrj last trip early in ^-he morn- 
iig, exijecting to fo r,o the Lov/er Kel Riv.or country arid 
possibly a little farther north, but am in fear that the 
rains v/ill overtake us. ^i ch will he had for the can^^irg. 

I am delighted that your success is continuirg ar^d that 
you are (^ettir^j suchaplendid resultB from Mrs. N; also that 
you £iot the early iMne of Ironside Mo nt^in. I have the 
sKeiaton of t,he tale she told me reiatin(^ to this sacred 
moiintain. Wish you could get her songs of which she spoke. 

The film you enclosed I will send to San Francisco in 
the morning by Miss Clewnca, and W3 11 have the rc^sults to 
send you along with the film on niy return. 

Now we come to a rather serious matter. Mrs.Merriara 
and Zenciida start back for Washington about the 2nth, as tl^eir 
tickets expire the last of the raontli. When they go, I 
expect to close the house and go to Southern California for 
a little work before returning to Washir^ton. This brings 






Harrin^rton 2 

up tha qfastion: that shall I do with your baskat^ and th..t 
precious book of T.ylcr's? I could tnake a cctfortaMe pack- 
a«« of the book and lea., it in the C ockor B^^J. in San Fran 
ciaco subject to your call; b.t the baskats nake r.ther a 
lar^. bundle. I «dll bo ^lad to do whatever you wirfi T^Jth 
thoai. BO plaae. i*ve a la.ter waitirv^ for ne on m>- return 
about October 20. 

Thanks for your Taml poen. It ie excellent. You cer- 
tainly ha^e a nature unnemlly .eneitiTe to natiu-al pfteno«i«i» 
and a po^er of expreseioa which I wish were nine also. 

I wrote you a few days a/ro, and have no doubt th^.t the 
lett©.'- reached you in due cwirse. 

With kindest Jafarda to lirtt "«'«•«;« ^^^ ^ • , 

ac,t«uB .0 Hid, i,oole and oest wishes 

to yourself. 

Very truly yorj-s. 





Dnirv a 



October i9» 1921 

W» Ndwton B. Drury 

Secretwi' *8kvs the Reawoods Lea^-ue* 

Librai-y, UniverBity of Oklifornia 

Ify dsAT Sir: 

Tarj' tmny t/iarikfi for yoiir letter of Septamto r 
7 ia ralaliioii to the Redwood Grrcvee along the Hi{^hway, 

I Jiav^ just returned from cy third trip over thie Hi^.- 
way to Hij^>Gldt Bay, rotikirie S traverees drtrinc ^^ present 
s«a«on . Last year I drove t^ircut^x ^ha Scune ^ovee 6 cr 3 
ticef,fio tliat I ai'i fairly faioiliar with them and their loca- 
tion a» 

You were wror^ in inte>pr^ii^ x^r locations for the 
CTovee on the ao'* h Bide of main Rel River , mertioned by 
me in cy letter of August 27. 

The 3 grovee en thia part of the read ^Mch in ay judg- 
fflont are of utcoet importance to ba saved are : 

1. Beginni/^ in tJie west at Scotia Bridge and continuing 
easterly along th# south side of the river aLOut a ndle. I do 
not knov^ the rMine or ov/ner of this grove. 

2. Papperv/ood Rrove, beginning; about 2 rdles from the flcotU 
Bridc« a»xi ^ite.idir^ easterly a ciilc am tt mlf; or, counting - 
froi^ tlie other end, tegirj^iirg about a mile ad a half west of 

3. Rrcve r^xt weat of I)j^erville, begimiir^: half a mile West 



of D/arvilla and extending westerly for aVor.t 2 riles. This 
has nothing whatever to do f.i th the Bull Creek Flat GroV'S 
mentioned by you. 

The distance traversed cy ^ha Higxivvay uioi^ one soulu 
siao of Eain Kel River between Dyarvilla and Scotia Bridge is 
a little over 13 miles. Alor^ this j>art of the >ii^?my as 
seen from the road are 6 fairly distinct bodies of Redwood. 
If these ar# cut this part of the rcxite will becoi'io a scene 
cf horribla desolation, instead of one rf tne moht beavt.iful 
and lntare^5ti^g partr of ^he eritire highway between San Fran- 
cesco a::rt Hizmboldt Bay. The preservation of ^iie 3 groves 
mentioned is, in my judgTiOnt, of vastly greater ixaportanca 
than tliat of tlie Bull Creex Grrova. about wrach so ru.di las 
been said, and which lies wholly off fror* the Highway so that 
a special datoiT is necesRary ir order to see 3 1« 

North of Hvjoholdt Bay arxi traversed b^^ the Highway in 
passi/g arovcrd the soiithen: pai^t of Big Ltgoon is one of the 
moat intereBtit^ bodies of timber in the State. The forest 
consist s of a mixture ol Redwood, Coast Heriock and Sitka 
Spruce. The undergroY/th is remarkable for its density and 
for the manher of B])ecioB included. To the northv.ard it enla 
abruptly where the Bracken Barrena begin. 

I aasume, of courae, tlxp.t you are f^jiiliar with the 
body of Redwoods alorig the Lovver Klaxnath, and alBo v/i-^li the 
fine forest between Crv^sc^nt City and Gasiinet. 

Verj^ truly yoiu-a 



O - 

r ^ • • 

October 19, 1921 

i>ttAi FrarxaBco. CaJLif. 
% datu- |-(r. McAllister: 

to Mt. .«5haBta a.^aitir^^ Httex:tlon. "^ 

The r.oo;u ,cu •nclo»aa U of Internet, but I fear I 
cannot ada to it or mk. a-, ^crr^MS / 

' c«^ ^^^I> or.t on one point - i^^elv fi,« 
na.''ie of fJie ao-intK--n «?^ ^ "^--noiy, the 

11 . « eWRJ^ct to correction) ana »«« 

called Saete. ThiP, so far a. T « -^ ^ ^aa ^ 

1 :i: r: -^ ""^^ ""- '- ^-- - ^- -« t^^e 

nea Yrel '"^ ^^" ""^''^ ^^^^"' ^^^^^ -^- only 

near rreica .. ,o,. ..i,, ,,, ,,^^ .^ ^^^^ ^ 

Boutherritioat extremity at wioa- ia n«. f^ 

Kla^oath Riv.r f ,n, JSdginrood. and al.o alcr« 

Kla.-.h It^er fro. .Shovel Creek weater^y to Sciad Creek Th 
-Wa Of the di.sio. .. ,^ ,,,, ^^^^^^^ ^f^ 

fa-.nar m the 6late..ent ^hat thie i« >,nf t», 

„ , , ^^ •'°* their munv for ♦hArv 

celvas. hut ti^t it wa« heetowed unon fh v 

^e Sheep Roc. of today, north of Mt. Shasta wa. eo f 
-C' o^. tno laat resort of Mountain .«5heep in thn* r« • v 

Bir^T^larly ano.^Jz it U not fv. .c. '^'°''' ^"* 

tr^ ^T> .18 not the • Sheep Rock' of the early 







McAlli ste r 2 

•xplorerB and miners. Georce Gihbs in 1851 or lfif)2 mevitions 
Bliaep on 'Slieep Rock*, but has 'Sheep Rock' wae on the Scott 
Talley eide of Scott Mourrtaine coneiderably west of SIuiBta: 
Are yon 8„re that John M-zir r^pcrte -be^r^ a dtun and 
m0 on the lava beds to the northeast of SuxbU"? Did }&;ir 
at a.ry tir.e in Ms life bag anythir^ larger trimi a loaf of 
bread and a liaiidf id of tea? 

Under the head of Jlk, you state that they rderated zest 
to the coaat. Where can ary evidonce be found of fhit. fact? 
We know that eUc were formerly coiPK^n along the coubt and that 
thav were cnnnon alw on Hoi^.t S}:HbtA, but it by no meana fol- 
lore that tie luountain aninale migrated to the coast. Their 
migration is nore likely to have been into the canp kettle. 
You state that the Colrnhda Blacktail Deer stJ il exists in 

Biclit of Shasta. You my aafel; statt, that mmdredts rf thm 
Btill exist on fiie sicpea of .the aovw-tain. 

On njr return to Washirgtcn I can verify dat^e and pnsd bly 
one or two otj^r j oints. 

Very truly ^ ours^ 




Octohor 19, 1921 

Hon. Petor 0. Ten Rvck cf RfctprDsertativoB U. S, 

W' dear Sir: 

Yoiur letter of Octolar ^rcl is 

at hand, Biifif-oRMnp the cl-^nee of rane of the Rrie 
Carjil to Bar^e Carjil, arii r»ccrraidini^ that, certain 
locatjors b9 iriiiouted on oilicial mp&. 

Bw nut tor *ill bo laid before the U, S. 
Ooo{,TKp>iJc Board in the near fMfvre. 

Ver,' tml]' j'ours, 


October 19, 1921 

U. S noa8* fid Geodetic Surrey 
WaBlur^on, D. C, ^ 

Uy dear Mr. lIcGuire: 

On returfdr^ from a recent field trip 
in northerr. Cal-fornia, I fir^ ycur letter of th^ 3ra ir^n. 
relating to geoeraphic nanieB in the neighborhood of San 
^ancieco Bay. 

On rriy return to Wa^^iinErton, 1 shall he glad to take the 
mattor up in connection with the charts you have prepared. 
Th« min diffjcuUy. so far aa i^ P-^raonal field work goes. 
i. that ver' fat. Indian, rernained alive in the Bay Reg: en at 
the tin^a I began field rork her. some 30 yea.« a.^o. However I 
hBM. Obtained a few nar^es and oiu^ exariration of old Spanish 
record, has broMght to ligl.t a few others. In ,-iany caaes it 
is difficult, if not iK4>os.iU.. to exactly locat. the feaforos 
to Miich early Spanish nanes were applied. 

I>-^inB the season now closir^ I have worked laainlv m 
northwest California, and have obtained a large nun^.er^f geo- 

matte?'witryoS.^'**^''°*'^' ^'^ '^ ^•^'"''-^ I will take up the 

Very truly yours. 



October 19, 1921 

Ml*. Ghtirle« S. 
Cenawa Office 
Wa&hiriGtai, D. 



P<'Ar Mr, Slowio: 

fticlo8«d ia a letter from Con- 
rr^ Tan R,ok Of He, Yoxic r^i^ certain recc^n- 
datzons. the .^at s..p..,,, ,, ,^^ .^^ ^^ ^^ ^ 

cha^e Of U.a Matoric r^. frie Cannl to Bar^e (W. 

^or. aay aee me in the near future. I had 
planned to do .one woric in Southern California befon. 
re..nar.~. but the tn.r.aUnod atrike oay drive 
^om by the end of the month. 
With beat wlahoa. 

yery truly your a, 
^.Vro - 







I , 


Octobar 19, 1921 

lir. Varron Bnii^y 
Biolo^icHl Ruivey 


Dear Bailey: 

On returiiirig to Lftgnni+.aa frcri our latest field 
trip in the North, I vtrb fvlad to find yo\u- letter of tJ^ lOth 
inst. km ^lad also tc Icr.oir that in your new «iv-.*rter« you };ave 
better light tlit fonuarly. 

Aa to oy ornitiioiq^^ ckI paper* which I loaned to the 
Survey at their req; eat eome years aeo, would say tiiat Dr. 
Nelson fv^reed to return then to ae more th»er a year ago, and 
asked whether I wanted thea delivered at my office cr at the 
house. I told him at the house. 

Ifcter I called his attention to tho fact tJiat they had 
never arrived arjd he said he would look the imtter up. But 
up to the tipje we left Washington they had r.ot been returw d. 
I Vkant tlieia of course, mb they fom an ir^ortant part of ny 
ornithological libmry. 

Aftor ni' return I should be p.lad to have tham with th» 
case in which I left them (.viiich js my personal proi>erty) re- 
turned to m« at 1915 Street. 

with best wishes to you all,^^j|8 ever yours, 




October 19, 19?! 

tt*. G-iorge Burt 
Fcrtur-a, Calif, 

It' dear Sir; 

Ten a/50 I went to your place to 
e you ar^ foiznct the house closed. I went back the 
next aay an.i it :me still closed. I inquired at the 
next house a.nd they tcld m that you a^ your fa;rjiy 
were in ^he hills. They did not krow vhere. 

I V;ad yo^.r photoeraphs ready to give ycv ixi^ also 
wanted tc talk ;vith you seme -ore. 

I an enclcsir^ ths photographs in this letter. 
Scr.e cf the.i jtre pretty good, others r'^t good- 

I want to see yr.u a^rain, Vu* carnot mke anot>»r 
trip this year as I an goir^ back last. I ejqect to 
return to California in the spring, and will then ro 
North to see yom. 

Hoping t}iat you and yoi-.r family will have a good 
Vr inter. 

lery truly youra^ 



1 SB- 

October 19, 19Ei 

Mr, Peter MrClellan 
Orleans, Calif. 

Dear Mr. IfcCiellan: 

Since I saw yon laat at Orlaaris 
I caine rack to T%r siinner hone at Laf-ardtas tod then 
made arother tr:p by automobile north ^o Humlcldt Bay, 
ana hi^.ve just returned. 

We rere caiv>at in the rain, hut thjit did not natter 
much, as we secured a quant jty of go(Ki material fmra 
Indiii-ns alor>; Mte way. 

I am encioi^ing printt^ of the Vest photographs I 
took of yoiir fardly, and hope you will like them. 

R«rly next season I hope to visit yoxi arpJn. 

With Kind re£;ards and "best wishes to you all. 

Very truly yours^ 









October 19, 1921 

M» . Jce WalleitB 
Ifttytoiwills, Ciilif, 

I^' dsar Sir: 

I ma greatly d i saj poi nted by tha rain* 
which interfered with cur work laat week. W. were afrnid 
of Gettirc stuck in the mud, and thei-efor. hurried hMe. 

I enjoyed workine with you veny nuch, because you 
were bo patient And ao careful in pronouncir^ the words 
of yoitt- languwje clearly so that I coi.ld Q'^I .vary sound 

I war:t to sea you again, hM*' xwf.n nert eprir^, 
&s e Hre row roint' rack to Wasliirrton. I wHi go to 

•oe you «£-Kin soon aftsi* wt. return to Caiifcr/UH in the 

Hoping you will have a good winter, and tliat you 
aiid your ftunily will keep well. 

fery truly yoiirs. 



38 r 


October lo, l^zi 


Deivr Mra. Bell; 

After loavinc yorxr house Jn IJi* 

Tfon last Adok. ve ^-ot +>-».«, -j, n . , 

«it. ..e ,ot throt.^ii all right, altho'.eh in 

one place w» had to >;e hnnlAW ».«, ^ 

■-o r,9 tmuled ro'.nd a curve in the arod 

ty a Ufur of horses. 

We were rH Svirrv to Vbv« t« i 

,«,„ ^ . . . ° ■^^"'" '^ 8'artdenly, but 

wars afrajd o^ *h*- i^,-^ , 

try tr, V1.U ,o„ ,„i, „ ,,^, ,, ,jjj ^^^ ^^^ ^_^ 

hurrj' away. 

Mrs. Merrian will write ^on later i^ff-,. -v 
, , o , yu Aater alter she reaches 

her home In Fvaldr^-ton. .. 

With boat wishes to you all. 

▼erj' truly yours. 

October 19, 1921 




f I 


Dr. John C. Itorriam 

Preeiaent G;%me^ia In5titutio>n 

Ibttxiingtont D« C. 


1 n 

Thanks for yours of tne iOt.n insT... w^x^t 
fouiKl^^tir^ our return from our last trip North, fs got 
caught by the rains aid had soirie trotible with slippery roads, 
but pulled tfiroijgh all riglit and are now packing for the 

Elizabeth ard Zenaida ars grateful for ycxir kind invi- 
tation to dinr:er on their arrival, but nave »vlreaay accepted 
a aimilar invitntion from ny aister Florence, with whom 
they «^ect to stay the first day or two after reaching 


They plan to arrive on the last day of tlie nonth, and 
would of coijse be greatly pleaaad if you were able to i»et 
them at the train. But do not nti'' a point of this, as the 
•treat cars go from the station to within half a block of W 
sister's house. We all appreciate your kincuiaae in the matter. 

I had planned to go Soxit^a month or two before returring 
Ikst, but may be obliged to go directly horns if the threateaod 
railroad tie-up seems boioid to go throu^. 

With best wishes to you all. 

Very truly yovu-8» 

88 r 




OctolB r 19, 1921 



Dcaj^ Sir: 

On and aftar receipt of this, kixxil|r 
foi^-ard no more roail to W;viiiitaatCHlif •comir^ to 
taaiarifjton addreaaad to Dr. C. Hart Merritun, Mrs. 
Herri w'l, arid Miss Zeiiaida Merrian, 1Q19 Sixteenth 
Street, but held saiie until o;;r arrival on or al out 
Novar-her 1, on and altar wiiidi date it ntt^y be delivered 
at cur ],z\\Q9 1919 Sixt ee. ^h Street. 

Yery truly yours^ 

October 1?, 1921 

It. ¥• I. MdMBB 

ftnitheordaii Ir.atituticn 

IV^ar lir. Adais; 

TharJcB for your promptneee in 

•ending check for ny last expense accouit. 

Pleaee held salary check for MiBS Clenence until 
she calls for it about the first of Novesfcer. 

In TTf own case I hardly kno'f? rhut to say, I have 
planned to work in Southtirn Ctiiifornia for a month or 
two» but the thraatered railroad t3e-rp,if net settled 
within th« next few days, inay drive me lax;k to Washir^ 
ton. Hence urless yor< h^r from me to the contrary, 
please hold 0^ pey check also, but if thn threatened 
strike is calleu off in tir», I oay wire you another 


Very truly yours^ 



October 19, 1921 

Mr. Harry Starionl 
Kaliepell, Montana 

Ify dear Sir: 

" * 

Yoiir letter of iSeptenler 20 h&n been 
for\/araed to me fron Wuisliin^ton, I bjt. glad to know 
that yf>r have sicirja the three Qri^Llies Tihich j'ou 
ajT© wiliiiifc; to lat r-.e riHve ior our NatjLijfc^i oollection, 
iri*cKBo I am a^)le to supply the teeth. 

I will tak« thu imtter xvp with Mr*. Clark, and 
will let you know on isy return to Washini^on. 

Very traly yoiue. 

OctoKsr 1?, 1921 

^A £«"»» L. Clark 
^ Wub- 49^h Street 
wew York City 

Dear Jfr. Clark: 

Since you have f-o:ie into the Akeley 
Caaera buBiness. ^t has become of ycur celluloid 
b«u- teeth' Are they still to ba had" If .o. I shall 

r:t about 3 sets of nodiian .izeCnot the largest) 
•oon after m^r return to Wasidngton. Shall be clad to 
know il they are still obtaimtle. and at lint price. 
Wisliine you success in your new business. 

Verj' truly yours. 

•* »» 

I I 




* K 


October 19, 1921 

R» A. Hiall 

Marker Jfeu-opr,li tan Air Goodu Co.. 

My dear Sir: 

- On retWnir^, from a recerit field trip, 

I firxi your lettar of tte 10th innt. ana alao the long 
looked-for valve attachment for in inflatir^ your 
air. beds arxl pillows. 

^^ ThiB is the first I hava ever seen, as the ciie you 
Bent 021 Jul^' 20 lav^t Uve ] den lest or stolen fra. the 


TliiH attadinent remedies the only fault I have had 
with your goodB. T fuid nry faiaily are parti c;larly pleased 
with your si.crt canp lad. and I expect to order at least 
one noro for neAt yearns t;s6. 

Tety truly yours. 

■ -^ "^4^^ 










October 19, 1921 

Mr. Rrnest Hobs© 
WorlQ Book Co. 
Yoricers, New York 

Bear Sir: l 

Tharjcs for the copy of Dr. Jordar •» 
booklet aM3tl.d 'Jiatka'. which you aent n.e eaiier 

in the season, and which I have raad v.ith interest and 
pleasure. - 

I hop. it will he wid«iy read by the young 
people in our schools, au it will opar. their eyes to 
the life Mstor, oX the Fur^SeU^- a nos* int'erosting 
H/iml. wiiolly unknown in lif« to aost of ou- 

Very triily'yoij-s 





f^ . 




C* Hert Merriem 

1919 Sixteenth Street, Washington. D. C* 

October Expense Account 



liovenber 2» 1S21 

amthsoruan Inptitution 

' w 

Dear Mr. Adans; 

Herewith I am handing you my Expense account 
for October. Counting t<r ^1. 63. au^ roucher for Zenaida 
Merriae, serrices. $.?1.50, y^iich I ghtll be obliged if you 
will pay £3 usual from the Harrin^en Fund. 

This Toucher covers ip last field tripsin C^lifoIni8, 
and return to Uf^shington. It includes also ny return fare 
from ^/eshington to Cflifomia^for use in the sprir«\ and 
the cost of 8 nen Vittery for the car, the receipt for 
which did not reach ne in ti« to include in my Septe-nber 
account. ;/ « 


Very truly your'=, 



-» o 


- - '^^^titi^ixlw 

- ^ ^ _ . _ p^rfn tint^ f-^^^--. myrri «|v/V 






Sept. 16 

Oct. 7-15 






** 25 


■.rf • ' 




Sparrow Bros. , Sen Rrfael, Crlif. New Willard 
Battery for automobile 

Auto trip north tc Humboldt Bey i return: 
Willets, ^.c-^gner Garage: Oil, g* s .i Itibor 
Hhonenrille: Nekanni old Tom^n (VoCcb.TOrk) 
Eureka: New tire casing for car (33x4) 
Table Bluff Indiens (services oc ivresentsl 
Krh to Valley Indians: krs. ;^ell %1; Joe Matom- 

ki $3- Tony Ookotontilke «;'6; Presents |l 
Ukiah: P.lace ilotel, rooms , self i asst.(rc-iny nipht)4 
Gasoline, Oct.9-15 $10.77; Oil oc repairs $12U5 
Meals en route, self i assLt. 6 $1.2D each, 9 days 

Mi sg^ Clemen ee. Return trip, Berkeley-Lagunitf s 
Miss Glemence, meals en route 
Kent typewriter for Miss Clemence, Oct. 18-25 
UnjT. Calif., Photo sheets Oostanso US map Calif. 

Lagunitas: B'ggage out $l;Ticke*t to check on fl.04 
?rre. Sen R-fael-San Francisco .42; Bf:g^age 3.?. 
Sen Francisco: Meals |2; Street car fares .20 
San Francisco: C' rtwright Hotel, rwoam 
iiand Ba^^^ap;e .25; Street cars .50 

So. Pacific Co., Re turn ticket, SP-Washington-SP 

Sleeper, SP~Ghicago 

Sleeper, Chi4j«go-i»c-shington 

iieals en route, 3P-iVc.shingtcn Oct. 26-30 

Pullman Porters $1,; Brggage in, jteshn*. .60 

Miss Clemoice, Returu tC' W:jshington: 
Berkeley, Bapgage out 
Sleeper, Berr^elay-tiashington ,, 
Meals en route 
Washington, B^^age in 

46 00 



Expressage & Insurance on MSS. Yocabs, Mrx)s, &c: 
San R^ lael-WeKhington, Che?t 

do. do. ^c^ ^j packages 

Marsh 6c Co., Photo work in Octob^ ., , 



5 90 

1 50 


23 70 

3 00 

11 00 

',ht )4 

4 00 


22 92 

22 50 

) . 

2 44 

1 50 


1 00 

6 • 

4 00 


2 04 




2 20 


.<, 3 00 



^206 IS 


•^ 25 52 


8 91 

14 00 

'. 1 60 


1 00 

34 43 

14 00 



" 12 35 


.. 4 86 

8 B-6 

18 41 

f T> 

fV7 J . 


501 63 

^ivf* h'»inri>*ofl ^f^nfi nni| « » ^ ^ •. •« • 

slxtv-th'"^^- - ^ 





Nov. 5, 1921 


ilr J. P. Uerrington 
Burnt Eanch. Calif. 

D*8r Dr darrington: ^ 

I You wBj he surprised to hear from ne et this end of th^ 
line. But the threatened railroad ?trll^e and the condition cf mj 
hernia drove roe back to iioFhington direct, without stepping in So. 
California ss I had plcnned. 1 now expect to stop, at Las Vegas 
end one or tt»o places on Colorado RiTer on my way back in the spring. 
:. Before"* leaving ^^nitas' ^ paclced and shipped by express 

the Thylcr bock and the baskets. acccYding to your directions. The 
exprcssage and war tax amounted to 150 cents on the book and ^2.A4 on 

the bcskets^^in all e*2.94. . r ^» ^ 

, . The negative anH*prfiits of Mrr \ll will send you by regis- 

tered mail tomorrow.' * " . 

I hunted through my notes at Legunita« and had the good 
luck to find the na?ne' and" sddress of the old Hutsocn-tfooKontwash 
vjomen at T/atsonville. II er name is Jcr^pha, and she lived when 1 
S8W her, on Lake Ayenue. one mile east of Tf/atsonville. lihether or 
Dot she is still alive i have no meanr of >»iov?ing— but we will hope 
for the host. She wa? very kind an'^ miiing, but my ignorance of 
Soanish jjrevented me from gcthering her crop of ripe fruit* j 

""^ Ko, Abe Bush did not speak of any woman who talked Cheniaref^a 

but on the contrary considede* himself the last person haring any j 

knowledge of the languege. i think it will pay you to see him for 
I feel sure that he knows a lot raoi^e than he was able to remember at , 
the moment . Uis memory would return if properly stimalated. 



I . 



■ 1 









lou certainly 6re to be congratulated oc your patience end 
*ucces. x„ getting texts of the stories i« Cli««reko. as well on 
the other material ycu ere securing in -uch quantity. It is 

north ?„rt Tri«it, ,r, Oh«„n,V. t,rrlt«t, bat t% ln4i«, 
of tte-t p.rt .f th,ir oc^try f« .11 ««d. ,1 au not e,t th. 

nwie Sani-naH-iiie . , ^ 

Ih. infon,.tion thot -l£.tl«*„-. «„rti^ „,„« Hott.™ha. 
~o fo«.r eh«.«r.Vo t^rritoi, i, «„t int.™,ti,« «, i«aicating 

ft. BMh did Mt koo. thi. orh, „„ld h«. „,ti„^ it rt„ I 
a'-k.a h.. partlcalarlj .l»„t th. .oath.™ liMt of th. trlh*. 

If th. littU io, «f pto«t, ,„„ ^tion .r M,di„g lo „, ,t 
Ue».ita. i, fo™rt«l to Washington. I ^u i„ ,^ b,„. ., ,„„_ 

Owing to th, high prie. of .p,rt«Bt. 1 h.T, gi,.„ np t„in^ 
to find o«t,id. ,„rt.„ thl. .intor and .ball op.„« £„ ,„\^ 
!»»«..■ IW, i. incnraniant. h„t will ha„ tho adrantag. of a 
Mtenol aarlag of fond, for fi«a4 mrk. 

f» ^FJ twly y^urs, , * ^' 

. ^ 


>rfj; f^ r» 

*= '■^•"'XX. j^_ 




nx a1: 




I i 



- lXV7 J * 

* .\ ^ /-> 



1 ' G 

■ Sti 

''■■, T 



Nov. 8, 1921 

^Ti ?v,-ijl • ^^'^^^ x^9°°"" tant 
^ithBoniau Institution 
Washington, U.C. 

I^r Mr /dams: 

Herewith I am enclosing my check on the National Metro- 
politan Bank of this city for four hundred dollars (mo) in repay 
m«nt of se«e amount advanced me from Harrlman ?und the middle of 
last June, for field expenses in California. 

Very truly yours. 




Nov. 8, 19a 

ilr R. A. Shell, -igr. „ 
tietropolitan<? ^c. 

Athol, •^asE, 

I)ear Sir; 

Eeplying to your letter of October 26, returned to ae 

from Califcmia. ^culd say that you arc r.eUon-2 tc use «V- 
thing i seid ooncemine ycur sir gocis. 

7ery truly ycur?. 

> • 






Hoy. 8. 1921 

Uon. ieter G. ien Zyck 
Uou^e of Eepresentetives 

ffashingten, D*C* 

kj dear Sir: 

Eeplying to your letter of Octc'her E6( forwarded to my 
Celifomie ecldrcss and returned to Waflhingtcn), Tould ?ay thet 
your suggestions conceming name? to be Bp^ilied to certain bran- 
ches of the old Erie Canal, will be brought to the attention of 
the ExecutiTo Committee of the U. 3. becgraphlc Board at its next 
meeting, the firrt week in Dec^^bcr. 

Terj trulj yours, 

Chainran, U.S. Geographic Board 


j » 


November 16 » iSc;! 

Dear Nelson: 

Yciir letter cf RcTvewber 4 from 3BcrBmento has l»^fl 
forwarded to me from Lagjinitas* 

Hhen /ou saw Grinncll /ttu dotdbtlffsg leemed t6«t we 
had all pulled out for the Jest. Too tad that we Eare agaia 
miFsed one another in California, hot both cf or hare hopeir 
of living another year. 

Oa reaching homa I ^omptlj caiaa down nith »j usuaX 
fall attack of grippe, due to the duat of house-cleaniD^. 
For this reason I haTc not yet celled cr your «ot!t#r, tiic'jf^fi 
I expect to to so in the near fiiture^ as I at now nwrly well. 

r xrot3 you at Orosi acknci^ladgLng the box of splett«- 
did grapes contributed to our larder just before we left for 
home. Thej were the moat delicioro grapeff w« ha^e ewer oitefi — 
and tliat is aayirx£ a good deal. 

le Tsurl you are drivijqp: too fast acid t«a hwdt 
Better curb your ambitions a little end add a fetr years to 

jfoar longevity. 

Douttleas you are Ijeing thrilled \q the uiia^et»^^ 
splendid prospects of the DisarwiBient Gonf erence. I wa» lacHs 

enough to have a reserved wet in Continental Ball at tt« op«- 
inc session and heard every word of the ad^esses of^tft6-£rM»- 
d^t and Secretary Hughes. It tos a eon en to us occaeion* »b« 
the boldness of it astounded the worlA. 

VlfitJB. best T7ishe9 from us ell» 

As ever, v 

Dr. B. T/. Nelson, ,«.- 
Ofosi. Calif. R.E./.. Bex 135. 

20 ^^ 


Koremher 16. 1921 

Hy dear Cerlos; 

Tour letter of October Z6 was written the day 
1^ left California for the Kast. My departure was testened 
hj the threatened railroad strilce, which, ha 3 it happened 
as annottnced^ would have put re in a bad hole, 

Mrs^ Merriam, Zenaida, and I were extremely dis- 
appointed to hBTe missed the visit from you ard your ^ood wife 
It warn herd luck. 

1^ sereral years we iiave pl^mned tc drive to Alum 
Bodt and see you before returning East, but pressure of field 
work aiMl eerljr rains hare thus far prevented- % ere hoping 
for better euceees next jesr. M^an^ile, we should be greatly 
delighted if jou end Mrs. Hit tell could msna^e to roke us a 
Tieit at la gun i tea— letting ^ know in advance so that we 
would be sore to be at hone. As a general thiPig we spend 
Tiiore than hiilf the time in the field, returning between trips 
to answer letters, attend to necesFsry business, and replenish 
supplies for the next trip. I m eiceedii^ly aixious to com- 
plete Held work in Mrthem California while still able to 
carrjr on ttiis kind of woA, 

With kindest regprds from us all to you and your 


V^C^iH""^^ Je Hittell, 
™ral A, 3en Jose, Calif. 

7ery truly yours. 





Roreriber 16, ISEl 


Mr. Ansel ?. Hall, 

Topemite, Calif. 
Dear tfr. Hallr 

lour latter from CalifemU has been fonwrded to 
■• here in Washington. I retaraed Mrlxar than usual thia 
year in ord<»r to .Toid joisfble OTtar^LB-wta rwoltiag fro. 
the three taued rsllaaj strike. 

I am Lnterested to \Tiew that jou have Been agppuited 
Park Haturaligt of Tosemite. and cwigratulate jou on Ais dis- 

I ai»preci8te jour geDerone offw of a cegj- of }o«r 
Handbook of Tosemite Ferfc. and should Be verj glad to Bave it. 

Hegretting that my earlj detarture pr«T«nted a 
vlflit from yon at lagpnitas^ with hest wishes 

7ery tmlj yoiar»^ 



■ t 

November 16^ ISEl 

Dur Miaa IbstMwd: 

V«rj am, thenlcs for ,OQr letter of the 1st inst 
»4 for ,o„r W«tif iction of th. r>m,, fern, and Iri,. 

B» neWKit, of co«pl.ti,g bj field ;„rlc +11, 
I" I^lc^l:, .tl. to do .« i, „„ ,„ ^g„t ,^, 
«*. l«.t season 1 set .„^thi,« eke aeid.. «d etiU faii.d 

to,t. ,r!c In ft. «rth.r„ part of the .tate. I -lan 
to r.ta„ „^ ..^, ^^ ^^^__^ ^^^ ^ ^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^_^^^^ 

«.!» prt of >h. .rk. «d al„ to ae. «„ of ., frieM,. 

With best wishes, 

▼ary tiuly yonre. 


e Saatwod, 
«cedeny af Sciences, 

^n PrBnci««o. Calif. 





Kovenber 16, 1921 

November 16, 1921 

Mr. Will G. Steel, 
Bugene, Oregon. 

Dear Hr. Steel: 

On retumine from Calif ornie a short tine aeo 

I round your letter ccnceniing y<mr card index of some 
30,000 place nwres of th» United States. 

?or 8 dozen years or more 1 have hoen at work 
on a sir.ilar list for California and Nevada, hut have not 
been able to give enough ti«e to it to reke it as yet 
any^ere near complete. I try to give the use of each name, 
the authority, and refemice to the first place of publication 

dadb. a list as yours would be of much serrice to 
the Rational Geographic Board, end we should of course be 
veT7 6l*d to possess it , but unfortunately the Board has 
absolutely no funds, not even a driblet to admit of the 
employiMnt of a secretary or clerk. 

I akould be gUd to see one or tm> of your cards 

in order to know the form you use. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 


"^^'•n^; A. Goldnen, 

u.o. Bioloeicol Survey 

^''fe- °f ^'culture. 
WBshiqgton, D. c. * 

^BT Hajor Goldiran: 

The title of the book you inquired about 

bv . . : ' " ^^^" '^ ^^' ^- p"^^^^'^^ 

b/ debater hi„.elf in his ho« to« Port Angeles 
Washirgton. ' ^ * 

withb . ^f"" '° ^^* ^^" ^° ^^* -- ^^ture. and 
with best wishes. 

▼ery tu:ly yours. 


• I 

» - » t 


it • ' 



KoTw^er 16 . 15B1 

Mr. Giltert GrosTencr, Prwi^jo* • 

laehingion, i>« *" 

Deer Mr. Grosrenor: 

lanj ttenks for the mai' of ««i« ««d th. 

picture of »Tha T.lley of Ten Tho«e«d a«l«.^ 

^»«f r«t-jrr f n>» California, 
which reached me on «y recent retarr I ro 

I a. obliged Eleo for your kind of f«r of 

copies of photoeraphs ^rcit€ en th.e -alls of the 

3o.iet,»3 huildine- t «, ^ -^y .1*^ to a^l ^J^ 

• •-,«?« the case of ons or t^ prints 
self of this privilege in tne case 

^*^'" ''''* in. to note that the Society's 

It is encouregine to note 

fln^cial ».dUio. «rn>nt= » r«l«tio. of th. du.. 
for ne=.t ,ear to J3. If «« 1^22 J"" »» •"*"• \,^ 
„g..l« n^l tc the series of 1^21. V" »'1^ "" 
h„, acoo«i>liEhed 30« thing "rj T««rtaU.. 

TTith heat wishes, 

Tory truly yours, 










Kovenber 16, 1921 


National Geographic Society, 
'teshington. D. C. 

^«r Sir: 

Herewith I an handing you ^j check for 
16 in payment of annual dues for 1922 for myself 
and also for Fompeo MartineUi of I^gunitas. Kerin 
County, Calif, (both renewals). 

Xindly aend receipts to me at 1919 Sixteenth 
Street, Washiqgton. 

Tery tiuly yours. 

Snc losu re 



Hunter IB, IS21 

Ncy amber 16. 19Jdl 

Kr. ka»h9l Curt! 9. 

Seattle,, !feshire.ton. 

Dsar Mr. Curtis i 

!?epljiDf; to jour letter of t!» 3r4 rifft.. 

respecting the eppli^aticn of the na-e I«f Fe«fc t» 
8 prominent ele^.tion in tte Titoosh a«ge^ 

The wtter was trougEt to t6e sttentioit 
of the U.3. Geographic Boani at its l»»t meeting, 
sod the Efiae was adopted ae reconojeBded, 

I am obliged fbr thtr VwitifBl phfitoDgrafih^ 

which you hare sent. 

mth beat wishes » 

Terj- truly \oure, 




*. L. 1?, I>B Gwt, 

*"^'^,^£II' "r- *i- C, A, 
1738 6 Street. * 

Ibaliiiigtoc, D. C. 
^ deer Sir: 

Boiajriag to your polite request for a 
i^cture. ^ouli.Baj that I shall be ao extre^ly busy 
T>efore returning to California that I fear it will be 
i«pr»ctisable to prepare the lecture ycu desire. I 
hire colored slidea that I ha.e used in talks on the 
iMians Of California, the Indiana of the Y«e.ite 
rasi«». and tla meaning of the coloration of animals 
^t xt ^uld take scm ti^ to select end arrange an^ 
of these and to asse^nble my notes on the subject. 

HegrattiTig. therefore, that it seems 
i'-.aractl cable to comply «ith your request. 

Tory truly yours, 






RcreBber 16, 1921 

JLtm Harry 3taBfcrd» 

Iali?pell» Montena* 
1^ leer Sir: 

Siiwe r^turaing fro a California I 
lisre heard frost Jai^s !«. Clark rinrnt tha artifieial 

t€wtfi far dmj boar almlla* Ka still n^lias theifi, 
ttea^ at a Tarj long jrica ($10 par sat). 

la apita of tha prica I thiak I will order 
s«t3 for jcur Aulla^ pnorided the skulls ara adult 
baara. Will /en kindly let wm know about thi9» and 
»lsc 2^Ta !TO tha lar^gth of tha •olar cr cheek taath 
IB aaeh esse, so that I can get them of the right size. 

f erlieps it aould be batter for jou to ship 
tic *utls to Fie hare ao that I can attend to the matter 
wtj^^lf. If JOU are grilling to do this, please pack 
caraSillj and address the box: U.S*. Biological Survey ^ 
Iteoarteant of Agri culture. Waahington, D. C« 

Very truly yours. 


Ifovwber 16, 19C1 


^i Junes L, Cleric 

1160 South Boilevard. 

oronx. New York City. 

3ear ilr. Clerk: 

ThBDks for jour letter of Ootober 28 
i*ich I fotmd on ajr return fn>« OBlifornia. l' 
a. glad to kiK,w that yon can still ^pply bear 
for iu^j heads. Will you U^j gi.e « th. „..„.,. 
^t of the ler^th of «lar seriee in e«* of th. 
si^ee *ich JOU »eke so that I naj bx,w *ich to 

"'^ery tnxlj yours/ 


t ' 

» , ' 


•^'^ilWr If, ISBl 

Htmr ProfM«Btr DaiMildMati 

Hrion iqr dtol^ in npljiac to ^otir iaqpify of tfca 
lOtb i»t. 3iB0» ^x rttarik ttom Oalifomi*, ■Hi «f i^f Ale 
•n«» taiTt 1m«i lBaeoMsibl«» oiiag to tho aoooMi^ of 
igr ofiloo boforo ]»«tu« for Oolifoniia last rpriag* lovt 
■i^ I voBCoatod in roedjiMitipg aost «f 
kavo loeatoa and ^ekod ooi ay pxiaeifol 
is diotzibatioa ef m 







mpi«» «E 

■ailad to jo« 


I imfkr f i»» jpoar Itttor tlMt tka f^or 


■iad ia tko OBS eetiUad *Um of TteporatMr* CbiArel of tka 
C oo grafhi o DistnWtiott ef foR«stxt«l 

fBl^Uelad im tko latioMl Gae«Tatpkio 

228 to 238. Doeartor 189i. YItIs papor «a» iUi 

tln^oa oolo^ Mpa of ihm life Moaa. A latar 

tnta« tr 

^ataa*. 1898. Of tUa. a rari 
j8ar» ago.^ iKt at tha Boaa!^ 1 ai 
If jou oarv for it» I oaa 
Kth boat aiabas. 

CiD]^ Zoaaa of tiMr 

UEMibIa to pat ar kaat 

it to 

jov Istac 

fary tnily yoora^ 


21 & 

Tk— M_ B »w«ibar If, 1921 

«aw «r. narrii^too: 

^•laaiw f»T Mt hariag Mat », nrnti,, 

!»•« to joQ vogiatorwi hanwi tJu 

,^ »«*» fbr jour lataat poa.. f^ of it «^ « 

irt-rprator. f«r ,«a ao-tfa ap^ ia ^^. ,^ ^^ 

17T^ « tl. oo-at^. «^ tttag. 1.^ to b. T,^ 
plai. to • or tfcay don't ala^y, ,iak j^ 

laat^rdaj aad laat ai«ht. aith th. aaaiatan-. «f a 
too or thraa Aita «««a. and tao eolorod vb« 
t» «.ttia« «»t of tho fU. oaaa. ia ^ g.r^ 
■na^gad ao tlat I oan got at tlwu—for tit« fir.t 


tiao ^neo 

loot la J. 

tW aneloaod lattor liaa jiat boon ntaniod to 
Iha anralopa aiU aaplaia. 
klii4««t VQgaria to Isa. I. aad baat aiahi 




^- ^^« 




Nwwber 18, 1921 

«*• H. I, Anthonj, 

*..ric«^to,.uj^„f,Na,ur.l Hi. .or,. 

0»ar Mr. inthony: 

Very .any thanks for the batch of your papers 
just receirad on South African mammals and Indiana, and 
also for your entertaining article entitled 'Orer Trail 
aiid through Jungle in Ecuador*. I wish to thank you also 
for sending « two copies of each paper, so that I may file 
•ne under your na»e and one under the geographic region to 
TOich it pertains. 

You are to be coqgratulated on the pemament 
▼alue of your contributions. 

^6rj truly yours. 


i f 

, ^' 

21 S 

llor«ibar 18, 1921 

*^* ^^h^^ ^' Schwarz, 

Mitor, Satural History, 

Dear Mr. Schwarz: 

Tour letter of yesterday with accom^^yi,^ 
proof of .y article entitled 'The Unforeseen in Indi; 
Vocabulary Work' has just i^ached me. for which I 

In coaqjliance with your request, I hiTt ost 
out enough word, to shorfn the article by six lines 
in order that it «ay better fit the page. If I hare not 
cut quite enough, you wy oisit the foot-note. *ich i« 
not iaportant. 

The proof is returned herewith. 

Tery truly yours. 





loTMber S» 1921 
Dtar Arob & Angle: 

Ion Mj hsTA «>fld»red vtwt ha» b«OMM of th« lerr 
tamilj. We arritad on Hm in t«a ivt*IlK«|it» irom Chicago » 
and SQcoaedad in opening and Qiaaniag the hooae nth no aore 
aerioua coneeqnenoea tl»B aa attack of dust grippe for the Old 

le hBTe had voDdorfbl vactlwr for the tiv of jear, and 
last week the tharaoaetar raaefead the i^nraoadentad height of 80 
at 3 o'clock one aftenaoon* 

Ilizabeth haa aored htr tiudts and other duffle out of 
the front roo« of the hasenent. and I hare Mrad into the aase 
about It reriieal file-aases and a few other thli«s. thereby re- 
liering the central pw-t of the garage so tk^ it is now peeaible 
to get at the fionts of the roMining aaaea—for the firat tine 
since last Uaj, 

Zenaida atteadad the horial asfi^m for the Ibknoan 

Soldier at Arlingtoa and beard the Preaidart^a addresa. I did 

not try to go. but did go to the opening aeasion rf the DiaaiMMut 

Conference, having baan fortunate aaoagk to xaeeive an isritatioB 

with raaerred seat card frew the Secretary of State* So I heard 

the addresses of the President and Mr. fiogfaea. mA alao of Briand 

and othera. |t waa a tnily- aMentoua ooeaaion. 

^ettii« on all br ^ , 

ice in the illla 

HiutypT iSd- dS'j.ntfri kIi";l'sj?^>-? ^!»--«? •» 


Mra. M. and Z. join in lore 

Mr.* Mra. Aroh. M. ailbift*^*''* 
MU3. Valley. Calif . 







*o^«5b«r 22, ISBl 

% # 




Daar Doctor Stephana: , "^ 

The duat f''"!! ^' "'"" " '"• "••" ?* '' ^-^ '^ -i^. 
^1 r chT 1^^^^--^ «- • ^ u^l fal. .ttack Of ^ipp,. 
trm *ich fortunately I hura now r^corered. ^^ 

B» aaather haa bftn nncfl«,Bly wi^ .„. ,„,. „^ 

jwr. and last week the tluinmeter reacbed th-'««' / "> ^ 
tei^t of 80% ^ t»»»,»nprace^4«ted 

niMUtk »T.d ter trmi, ^ ot».r tn«k wt of 
U.. rp .^u .t«l „ni«.l nu^„ «,„ ,_ .,. ^ 

«.« « I « put thi.^ „^ th^ ».l„«-*i., ta. „. ,^„ 
PMUU* •imt iMt Hn. 

I «« lB«k7 •Kongh to roeoin n inrltation to th« op, 
lo« «..!.. tf tW M-«.,^ c«*.r.„c. .na ta.rt „,^ ,^ 

.tt.-.d to. i. .*i.g g«, j,^^_ ^., „^,^^ ^^^^ V,^ 

niaabeth and Zenaida join m in lore to you'^all. ^ ^^ 

^W. Barclv Starena. ^ 'W your.. 

1250 Bay StrMt. AImJ^. <i.i{# 















IhrmUr 2Z, 1921 
^•r Mr, Harrington: 

"^ fl« loi^.look#4-f*r littU ter of ,l«it, »»ti.iirf 
In mr latter af Octobtr 24 h» Ji.t .rHred, It 
tHrw speeiM of plant, ii»tMd of tw, 

»• l»af of th» one dMorib^i lij j<m a* 
1^ «ow t. piaca f ««* .„ art^t that it i. diffia«it . 
a«tiflc.tIaH, It .„^ ^,^ ^ ^ idaj.Jto.Wu, 
*• CO-OB n.« of aweb ia 3,i-t^fl«.Hla.tli; r^farri^ t. 
ur«u«tanca that it ha. liui. ori« .dor 1^ fraa.. i^t 
•lops a dalicaia parftm. ah. iriad. If jo. .ill 
»«ra laaf . arappad ib B«aq.i^, i ««, tall p«f, 
Of tk. other. t»o |a»hi^Hrto,,ro^fc. , 
jtlad or p^a-rainad thiekfsh 

roddiah-hroan afcirl. of aaad i»«-.w i b-I.T' """^ "*" 
t_ « oi aaad oqusla^ i, fwi, ^^ ©ttaniaa 

k»o« a. Paiatad Winlax,r.«, or faload ShiHaZ^ ^^ 

Tha third plaat. «»• l«h aith ft. tW* la^a. 
«d borriaa, i» ^* 

tbo bordora of oool strottia. ^^ 

»•«« »!■• (TMa. tat to iT, tin. tat»« on^ w^ 



Tour gA^hM. also haa arrUed. It ia an ingainal 
£l»d. and I think haa a Praaah naaa. tat at praaent I caimot 

pat aj %J9 on tha naaa* 

Tba ao-oallod*i»ox«"that cane in the sane package ia a 

■jriapod or ■illip«l of the faailj ijaUdn.. It ia related to 

the oentipedaa but has ahorter legs. The one jou aent ia ooa«>n 

in and naadeir rottan logs. 

lour la tter of October 28 haa been forwarded fro* 

lai^nitaa. In it yon w^a ■• moau\ woraiHg vuoi, «*« ■ ■ "— ■■ " ■■ 
territory extended np Trinity Biver aa far aa 12 .ilea abore the 
■oath of lorth Pork, TMa pnta their eaatem boundary too far 
a««t unleaa •aaaarad by « ▼•ly circuitoua route, for Canyon 
Creek aa. the intertribal Ipundary between the fihflMXfikft and 
«^fa.. lorth Iterk Trinity l«f i»»»oUy within QimmrakiL territory. 
But I wiah you could find out whether the QiMXfika or the Hat- 
jal-jBklwld the country on thtf wonVH aide of Trinity from Big 
Bur afid Price Creek e«iterly to TriDi^ ^^"r in the neighbor- 
hood of Junction, le know that thay occupied the north side, 
but ure not aura whether the gtottrBto-'Mftr-rcl-lUk intertribal 

Trinity ffifar itaelf or the diride four or fire 
adlea aouth of Trinitj aeparating the atreaw flowing northerly 
Into Trinity and thoae flowii« aoutherly into Hay Poii, Trinity 
fiiavr fw« • «il« «" two abore June ti on to Dutch Creek haa a 
ganaz«l 331 conraa. hanoe if your Inf onwtion that the duurekfi. 
reached the wuth of Soldier Creek ia correct, it would natnral- 
ly follow that they held the aouth aide of Trinity, ttence 
waatarly. thua catering the couraea of lagle Creek and Sailor 
and Big Bar creeka. We know definitely that they held the 



J.P.H 3. 

800 th side of Trinitj trcm Cedar Flat •aatnlj to Bi« Bww 

I m inUrested and suzpriaed to koom that Ira. I. 
hM givan jou n«Ma for eig^t di ff erant Uada of Indian potatoaa 
Ihia aakea it of utwat iaportanea to aacva apaoiaaBa of 
apecioa. Tho oonon Indian potato of aoat partf •/ Mrtliani 
California is a apaciaa of Bcodiafla.. bni eartaia apMdaa of 
Gtma, and also corUin uBbellifara are popnlarlj knoan a8*«ild 
potatoaa or Indian potatoear 

Williaa loUe*a vifa^a aothar ia • 
tfaa tribe oallad Hnft.fiA.-.,^ ^!,- }^ ^ ^j ^^ 

It ia aplendid that yon are getting a» Huk Mtarial. 

By the way. I hare recently glanced at Diaes*v papar. 
and find that som of the aords recorded aa Qummr^i^ }>Anig ta 
other languages. Tw» of bia infonaaoU apoka otl»r langaasaa. 
I anspect that you bare already diaoo Tared thia. 

Thanka for the nong poea. 

Tory t ruly youra , 



Dr. J. P. Harrington. 
Burnt Ranch, Calif. 

Tia loreka & Korbel. 






Norenber 23, 1921 

Mr* Carl hmgfatd, 
8aaBster» Calif. 

Dtar Mr* lengford: 

I promised to send jou the address of the single-roll 
Mp T9ak ■entioned during my visit last fell. The address is: 
Cte>. 3. Jenkins, Lensdale, Penn, 

If not too much trouble, will you or Mrs. langford 
kif^lj fbona Mrs. Grant at Butler Plat and ask her about the na»as 
of a couple of former villages on the east side of Salmon River 
Wiooan lorehouse CreeV and Crapo Creek. If I understood her cor- 
roctlj there were three Tillages along this part of the river, one 
iuat above (south of) the mouth of Morehouse Creek, one at the 
Blotmer Mine dusp, the third just belon the mouth of Crapo Creek. 
The name of this latter T got as Tn-Bfl-pBt«ghup. The other two 
I an not sure about. One of than waa called lifi^Joai. the other 
I did not gal the naw of. la Tia-Vmt the one juat above the 
■Mth of Morehome Creek.or ia it the one near Bloomer Mine, and 
t is the name of the one I did not get? 

nth kindest regards to yourself, Mrs. Langford, and 

the do«r Uttla children. 

Tory truly yours. 



I ■. 



November 23, 1921 

Dear Professor Cattail: 

What haa become of the separatee of my articlo 
on the California Blk Drive of 1904. which appeared in the number of 'Science Monthly'? I am axiou. to 
dia tribute them as early as may be. 

Very truly yours, 

Prof. J. MoK. Cattail. 

bamson-on-Hudaon , 
New York 

P.3. Until May naxt plaaae chaise the address of mj 
copy of 'Scientific Monthly' to 1919 Sixteenth Straat. 
WashiT^ton, D. C, instead of Lagunitas, Calif. 

4- I 



KoTOBber 22, 1921 

Prof. Henxy H. Donaldson, 

listar Institute, 

Philadelphia, fWMkm 

Ooar Professor Donaldson: 

Bj this mail I SB sanding 70U reriaad adit ion 

of mj ZQUB mep— *tba one rafarrad to in bj lattar of tha 

17th* Thara was no text with this other than what ia 

printed on the Mp itsalf. A still later adition of tha 

pr ime delivered by as to tha Biological Surrej aeraral 
jraars ago, but has not ytt basn pabliahad, owing to tha 
eongastion and shortaga of funds daring and aubaaquant 
to the War* 

Ttrj truly yours. 

P,S* Mj first publication on tha distribution of life 
of Morth iMrica appeared in 'Besults of a Biological Surrey 
of tha San Francisco Mountain Region, Arizona*, North 
Asarican Fauna No* 3. 1890, illustrated by colorad naps* Uf 
^Basults of a Biological SurTay of Mt* Shasta, Calif •y,^ _ 
l» im. Fftuna No* 16, 1899, contains a discussion of distribu- 
tion of aniinals and planta in tha Siarra and Gascada ays tans* 
If you don'^t happan to ha?8 these j^tunas and cars for ihas, I 
think I can sana you copiaa* 


HoreiAer 23, 1921 

Mr. Traoj I. Storer, 

lhB«ia of Tertebratd Zoology, 
Uniterfllty of California. 

Dear Mr. Storor: 

Replying to your letter of the 17th inat. Just re- 
ceired. would aay that Gri««ly Bears were fonwrly wall knon 
inhabitanta of Toaealte Talley, Hare you looked in Hatchii^* 
'Guide to Toaaaite* and 'Scenaa of fonder' and the pnblioatlOM 
of John Mair and Galen Clark? 

SoBB of the old Indiana of the ralley wera noted 
Grisaly hnntara, particularly aen fron the Tillage of Ha».fca«.hn^ 
whiob oooi^ied tha ground liiara Sentinel Hotel and oottagoa bow 
stand. Thia Tillage waa tha hoaa of tha Yn-hf'-i-t> band, nuaed 
fro. the GriMly Bear Q-toflnJ^to (aoi»ti«ea apoken fidMfcM=tft). 

In drlTing in and out of the ralley you hare donbtleaa 
noticed a rock archway through which the road pas see. Indiai 
axmd with apeara and bow and arrowa used to hunt Grissliea fro» 
the top of thia rock. 

lith beat wiahae. 

Very truly yours. 


^ flww[[ 1^ 

lovaibtr 23, IfU 


Itil IL Ju&f Tice Frttidrat. 
inthropological Sooiety of mthingtcn, 
Washiiigtoii, J>. C« 

Bbetor JvAii 

I qttite agree with ycm that it will ba wall vorlh 
lUla to giva a Baatiog or part of a i»ating faceoT^iag to Hio 
tiwm aaadad) to an illmstratad talk bj filson PopaMt o& 
^BiglaBil Baaigna io Guat«MiIaii WaaTinga^ 

I ahemld aaaiaia also that Thr. Hrdlicka pomld natnr* 
•Uj ba tba spaakar at our next Beating, as he «Ba Binbla to 
ba praaant as anonaaad at tba laat watii^* 

But jour rafaranea of thaaa program aattara to m 
astouishaa »a, I never at^^oeed that the Praaident had aajf- 
thing to do with the prQgra«. In all the other sclent ifio 
aoeieties to ahich I belong there is a special provision for 
ttaa ■eatings, uaaallj a definite ooimaittee on progim- A« 
tha Mttar has never been brought to my attantioa before, «id 
I hara not bem oornnlted in any way as to the prograii, I 
aaaiHiad of ooarsa ttiat I had nothing itiatever to do with it« 
If the Sociaty haa no Mini t tee on piogram, I would suggaat 
that tha Tica Praaidant and Secretary be constituted as such a 



Tory tndy yoartt 



lor«i1>«r 25. 19B1 

Jin 1* I* Mains. Aeooontant. 
aidthsonian InBtitutlon, 

Washington, D. C. 

DMir ytr. Adams: 

I havt afiBia ngie^ Miss iBiiit Gmdy 
M ■Uaogrepher and gsDsral as? ptant, and sxpaot 
har to continua with ae mtil I laara for California 
in ths earl/ aprin^. Sha bagan aoric on tha BoraiBg 
of NoTonber Id. and bar aalaiy will ba at tha rata of 
$150 per month. T shall ba obliged tharafora if y«m 
will kindlj aand bar pay-chBcka to 1919 Sixtaanth 
airaat. thia oity. until fnTther notica. 

▼anr tT«ly you*. 











November 26, 1921 

Mr. Pompeo Martinelli, 
Lagunitas, Calif. 

Dear Mr. Martinelli: 

Inclosed is the receipt for the magazine ani jeior 
menberehip in the National Geographic Society for the year 1922» 
and also the receipt for last year which I forgot to send yon. 
Ton will notice that the dues have been reduced this year froa 
$3.50 to $3. I shall therefore owe you 50 emits et the end 
of the year, to be added to your account. 

We hare had a very open winter so far, with only • 
moderate amount of rain and no 7ery cold weather. How are 
things at lagunitas? ffe trust that you are all wall and 
baring a good season. 

With best wishes from us all to all of you. 

Very truly yours. 








Novenber 26, 1921 

nV* P. L* Yonwg 

Or leant, Calif. 
D—rUn. Toung: 

Bj this .ail I an sending yon a few anall publication* 
•bont ao., of the Indiana of California. »hile not relating 
apecifioalljr to the Ua««th coxmtiy, I tlH«ght they might con- 
tain MM thing of interest to you. 

I often raamiber with pleasore and satisfaction the 
days q;>.nt in yonr interesting ho»s and liope that I may be 
•ble to bri^g Mrs. Marria- and .y daughter there next season. 

W« oaae hoM earlier than usual hwmaae of the 
threatened railroad strike, and I 
of the auMier's work. 

■• sre lisving an unusually open winter for this 
region Md hope it will continue. 

■ith kiniMt regards to you all, 

▼sry truly yours. 

now bwy on the results 


^ .' r''<-x>j^i^ .^^^^ 


Not caber 26. 19S1 

Mr. P. T. Cuthbert, ^ 

Solar BefinlDg Company, 
Lima. Ohio. 

Dear Sir: 

Tonr lattar of the 2l8t imt. has juat arrived, 

and I am forwarding it to Dr. J. falter Pewkea, Director 

of the Bureau of Ithnology. Sbithaonian Institution. 

He docdi>tles8 will write to Dr. Bioe. 

Tery truly youra. 




23 ?i 

t 4 

November 28, 1921 




• V^rian ^leld^ Naturalist. 

Victoria Saemonex Musetw» 
Ottawa, Canada^ 

Dear Sir: . , 

Eetuming fro. California recently I am glad 

v.r« of the •Canadian Field Naturalist . 
to find severel numbers oi mo v*oi» 

„/*» Thin rwiiods me that my 
Wt 1 find only ane copi^ each. This rem xm 

subsoription has doubtless exp.rea. 

„.plM. on, to cut up, the other for the regul.r »^ » 

„t.r ,, e.^oriptio« for th, .dditional .op, for t« y»«. 

for .hi* I am enclosing iw o""!' ^'^ »'•*• 

30 omts B,y not b. sufficient to oo«r po^tago. If "Ot. 

l.t •• taio* and I »iU rwit. 

nth IpMt i.is1»s for th. auccess of your oto.U.nt 


?ery truly yours. 





4 4 

KoT€Bbor 28, ISEl 

U.S. Biological Surrej, 
■•ahiqgton, D. C. 

D««r Moiteo: 

V«ry ■«7 IhMki ft r your kindnaaa «J 
4n *— 1 i "nanesa aw promptness 

m,l„g rtth .J, ro^^t for . oow rf ««. 1 

8«I«otioii of tally Inn in Zoology*. 

You h.„ u.n good ,n«.gh to .,M .1,. .„.th,. 

papabOB 'Tha "Ona latt.r" &.!.»./. 

■^ '*"•' *!• ^or Ganarlo Ha»a', Ai<4 

intaraat. « «* «ra tha. th. pap., „ t^^^ „^, 
»*« -y P«i.t Of ,i„ „„ ^, hi, j^, „j^ ^__ ^^^ ^^^^ 

-d hit i, hart. I .gr.. «„^iin«,iy ^th your point of 
"". In faot. I think I h.„ pr«oh.d thi. Ti„poi„t for 
««thing Uk, 36 „.r.. s...„x ., ,,„ ^„..,,^ ^^^ 

Inoid.nt.Uy. I .ight «.d that nowaday, i ,„, .ig^^ ,., , 



▼•ly truly yours. 



KoTsaber 30, 1921 

Mr. Iwel F. Hall, 

loeemite. Calif. 
tf dear Mr. Hall: 

Vei7 "an/ thanks for your 'Handbook of Ywwite 
National ftrk' i*ich arrived this afternoon. la locKi,« 
through it hastily I ..a that it is excellently .one n. 
a piece of book-.aki^g and beautifully illustrated: i*il. 
the nsM. of the authors speak for its authenticity aiii 
uaeftalness. I shall read Buch of it with interest, aai 
I a. sure with profit also, and wish to congratulate y«, 
on beii^ the parent of so handsome and so useful a book. 
I trust it will prove a financial success. 

With best wishes, 

▼«ry tnilj joura. 




loveaber 30, iSEi 


Dr. flrtlqr fl. r. j,,^^ _ 

t»n» ■• that he {« ^ Biological 

•-1 -Oi b. . «.^ ,, ^- ^^ • cellent ^,,,. 

«• -i-*. Of the yo^., naL^liTt's ^^^ ""' '"'^ ^ 

^—^ t. f.^., ,,. .piandi/1 :j: " "" ^- - 

Wth beat wiahe,. "* Predecessora. 

^•'•ytnily yours. 











December It 1^21 


Dear Mr. GrttTtnor: 

Tour new mp of South AiMrlo*, uhich jvu hare 
b««n good onougl! to oond ■•. is -oot wolooio. It l« 
r«ark«blj clear and graphic, and the oolora .re ae wel 
ohoaen that it nakea a hai»oniou» ^ble. It will ba 
*-i ♦* — . in »« m%. and 1 thaok jou for aandi 


TaTj trulj youra» 

.^ \**T:k 

■r. Gilbert GroaToner. Prealdent. 
Rational Geographic Society, 
faahingtoB. D. C. 





teevbtr 2, 1921 

DtcefAer 2, 1921 

Mr« 9. t. 7reel»nd, 
90 feat Street. 

New York City. 

Dear Mr* Vreeland: 

Thanks for your letter of the 17th inet* recently 
receiyed* Until its receipt I did not know that you had sent 
U8 another Bear skull* 

On going to the Bear headquarters in the Mwexm yester- 
day for the first tins since my retuni from Califomie, I found 
the skull of *ich you speak^killed by Indians near Leke Clark* 
Skulls from this region are scarce in our collection, and I am 
▼ery glad to have this fine adult* Doubtless you paid good 
money for it* If you will kindly let me know how much, I shall 
be glad to renit, with additional thanks for your kindness in 
securing it for us* 

I congratulate you on the fine trip you mede last 
summer. It must hare been full of interest. Did you hear any- 
thii^ about Big Bears on the lIulchatnaT 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 


llr* 1. A* Shields, 

SeldoTia, Alaska. 
Bear Sir: 

On returning froa field-woit in California 
recently, I find that tha two Bear skulls shipped by 
yeu in July last hare been received at the Biological 
Surrey. A check of $10 in payment will be sent you by 
the Smithsonian in a few days. 

Texy truly yours, 
CUH:1C ^.U^^^-^s^ 






Decembfr 2, 1921 
Mr. (haa, H. MoHeil, 

Bidgiwy, Colorado. 
1^ dear Sir; 

On rattirning fn,« California recently. I imr^ 
been requeated by the Biological Surrey to aettle with you 
for two akulla of Beara «oeired fro. you on October 4, 
«nd si, additional skulla reoei.ed No.«ber 10. The firat 
»hip«nt conUina a female young-adult and fe^i« cub- th. 
Becond. a r.ry a«ll cub and ita .other, one two-year-old 
fe«la cub. one yom^-adult female, one female in the fourth 
yy. a^ one good-adult «lo; for which I credit your account 
^6. a check for which will be sent you at Ridgway f^„ .y 
account in the SnithBonian Institution within a few days 


Very truly yonra, 


OM«ii>er 2. I9ei 

Mr. John Ifairgatroyd, 

Brooklyn. H. !• 

Saar Sir: 

On r«turnii« tron California raoantly. 

I fini that the Aidl of a larga Bear ahippad by you 
«•■ racairad at tha Biologleal Survey on July 6. There 

BO Ug attached, or any writing to iniicata whara tha 
Bear ••• killed or at whoaa inatanoa it waa aant. Thara 
la an indiatinot pencil aark on one aide of the Aull 
which ia aithar a U or a 17—1 urn not aura lAioh. If 
you will kinaiy let aa know who killed the Bear or, who 
aakad jou to ship it, I shall be Terjr mich obliged. 

Vary truly youra, 

GHM-.MG '^ 


■ 1 1 


December 2, 1921 

Mr. Oscar !• Landry, 

Bella Coola. B. C. 
Dear Sir: 

Tour letter of October 21 reached me shortly 
after ny return to Waahington, and the three skulls 
referred to hare now arrired. Unfortunately, two of 
these hare the condyles chopped off from the back of 
the skull, a serious injury. I assume that these Bears 
were killed during the present fall, but no date Is 
giren. 1 check for $13 will be sent you in a few days 
from my account in the Smithsonian Institution. 


Very truly yours. 



Bteaiber 2, 1921 

Mr, Jfred J. Roehl. 
lliaana, Aliak*. 


Dear Sir: 

* * • . . 

The akiai ■entionad in your latter of September 
25 reached the Biolpgical SurTey. It is a female, not a 
«le, and haa a ballet hole orer the left eye. i check of 
$5 in paywnt will be aent you in a few days. 

Tery'truly youra. 






December 2. 1921 

Capt. A. 3* Conover. 

Telegraph Cresk, B, 
Dear Sir: 


On returning to Washir^ton frem my season's field 
work in California. I find th« Gri.ziy skull thipped by you 
on June 8, It is s young-adult, for which a check of $7 
will be sent you in a few days. 

The previous shipment mentioned by you was received 
on K^ 19 and a check of $32 in payrr^nt was sent you earlv in 

Very truly yours. 




Dec ember 2, 1921 

Mr. Pred Phillips, 

Ilianna, AXiska. 
Dmt Sir: 

The Bear Bkull mentioned in your letter of April 27 
has recently arrired* I notice that you speak of this Bear 
as an ^8 year old Bale." It is not more than 5 years at most, 
and appears to be a female, not a male. A check of $5 in payment 
will be sent you in a few days. 

The skulls mentioned in your letter of Septaaber 10 
have not arrived, and may not come for some time. 

There is another thing I do not understand: Along 
with your shipment #)ich arrived on Novfinber 4 were three skulls 
credited to J. a Kinney. We have had no letter from Kinney, 
and there is no mention of any such skulls in «ny letter received 
from you, so I am at a loss to know what to do about them. 


Very truly yours. 



Mr. \u^ I. Mat!?, Ac count ant. 
omithsonifin Institution, 
V/av^hirif^ton, D. C. 

DecCTiber 6. 19S1 

Deer Mr* Ade-rf?: 

Herewith I am transmitting mjf expense ncoount 
for the month of November, amounting tc $75.56, tcgether 
with -ome Besr ^kuU vouchenf^and a bill of $S7.50 for 
planoprf-phing 50 copies of mj vocabula rj blank; 
ateo c bill for typewriter ribbon coupon book. 

Very truly youra. 


Acco!npeT5«ir.g Vouchers : 

ColuffilDia Planonraph Co.: 
wO copies blank vocabulari 

UMerv/ood Typewriter Co.: 
Typewriter' ribbon ooupon book 

Bear SValls. 
A.B.Conover (1 skull) 
W.S.l>arw8 (1 skull) 
O.T.Ljanrtry (3 akuJls) 
C.H. McNeil (B " ) 
Pred Phillips (1 ekuil) 
/..J.Roohl >1 aktill 
W.A. Shields (2 atoills) 

J.W.Scollick,cl9ai:ing 23 Bear 

9k alls 











C. Hart Merri 

1919 Sixteenth Street, Washiigton, D. C. 

Saovouchar No. 


U IL P. Andrews. Cioo paste $1,50: paper clips .30 
16 For serTices 2 Hen. moving steel file cases 
18 Jrasers and pencils 

'' 'AT^u'SISisIfJs '^ '^" '' I°^«-«^-nal Jour. 

^ '^i!?^:^^"-^"^^"' ^^^ 3°d material for cemest- 
plasiering basment to be used for office file- 

28 Virginia Paper Coc , 1 ream blue paper 

S;a)6cription to Canadian Field Naturalist.B yrs. 
13-30 Car tokens <i Bus tickets for assistants 




Stamps, stamped emrelopes, & postage 

°mI!«?^°J|-^ housedeaning office rooms $5; 
cleaning office rooms during Nwr ember |5 

Seven ty-f ire- — — 



1 W>^J^ 

1 80 

5 00 

1 50 

47 30 

2 00 

3 30 

3 41 

10 00 
75 56 




.) I 



December 6, 1921 
Dear Doctor Welcott: 

The letter you sent me from Professor Henry 
Fairfield Osbonj is he rem th returned. Professor Osbom 
complains that membership in the loological section of the 
National Academy is badly balanced. «nd is each year becoming 
worse. I quite agree with this point of riew. but don't know 
.^ any practicable way to remedy it. as it is a matter of votes 
in the committee. The conmittee, as you well know, is mde 
up mainly of college professors who glorify the work of 
section cutters and cyto legists, but hare little use for 

After nomiratii^g real naturalists for several years, 
and finding that they receive only two or three rotes in the 
committee, I cane to the conclusion that the matter was hope- 
less and hare loet interest in the committee. 

Very truly yours. 

Dr. Charles D. Walcott, President. 
National Acadewr of Sciences, 
Washii^ton, D. C. 

c4- .H> ^^■ 





December 6. 1921 

Prof. P. H. Newell 

Dear Professor Newell: , 

When still engaged in field-woit in California '" 
I had a letter fro. you inquiring about a latter fn,m Dr. 
George Bird Grinnell on the nomenclature of the St. Marys 
I*ke. in Glacier National Park. On returning to Washir^ton 
I was unable to find Grinnell 's letter in my file, but today 
I hare seen it. It is in the files of the U.S. Geographic 
Bo«rd In the office of Charles S. Sloans. Secretary. 

«>• poi-t Grinnell makes is that the lower of the 
two lakes now known as Op,., a«i Lower St. Marys, was seen 
and named by Doty in 1854. ^ty called it Chief Mountain 
I-l». and personally I should be glad to see this name restored. 

Grinnell refers to Doty's report in the Pacific 
Bailroad Reports Vol. I. pp. 548-549. An article on the 
subject was published by Grinnell in 'Science* of A,«urt 12 
1892. pp. 85-86. * ' 


Very truly yours. 

Chairman. U.S. Geogtaphic Board 





Deomber 6, 1921 



Iditor« Hashing ton Star, 
lashiMton. D. C. 

flaar Sir: 

S.t.r.1 hmidr^ good 0.1ifon.l«« «» «*«»"*.« 

t. tta -Sff. «./ of f.nJ *« b7 th. ". of tt. oai.» 
ni*.». -Moo.- *.n J«. «•» th. oit, of 3.. Fr».l..o. 

In—och M Jo« M. rl, il-jo » . "CW • ' 'or th. 
™ of th. .Ut. l-t»d of tl. .W-hl. -O-l.' (•»-l>« 
for od-ity. clo«l. .nd ««..r »pl.««.t Mmt. *X 
not err, th. p.f». • Uttl. f«th.r «>d print th. prfo'' 
n«. for ..r prinolp.! oity o. tb. P.oif lo Co..t? 

Vary truly yours, 




Decenfcer 7, ISEl 


December 6, 1921 

Major I. A. Goldman, 

U.S. Biological Surrey, 
•■ Washington, D. C*. 

Dear Goldman: 

In looking OTer the Bear skulls that caw 
during ray absence last nramr, I find seTertl ahipHBts 
from men unknown to m and conoeniing Aioh no lettenr 
hare been received by w. The wn referred to are: 
H. W. Johnston. Unalakleet. Alaska; Howanl L. Long. Seward 

Alaska; J. H. Stadler from some place in Montana, ft, yo. ' 
know airthine' nhnnf fw... » 


Very truly yours. 





The Anderson Galleriss, 

fark irenue * 59th Street, 
■ew Yoiit City. 

Dear Sirs; 

In raply to my recent request for a copy 
of your i.portant catalogue entitled »The West. Its 
History and Bomancs* (Sale Ho. 1604). I received the 
enclosed slip, but unfortunately the catalogue has 
not arrired. Its permanent ralue is so great that 
I a. anxious to se«re a oowr for my California fila 
and shall appreciate the faror if you will kiirily ha^s 
one mailed to the abore address. If it is for sale 
I shall be glad to rwit. 


▼•ry truly yotira. 




December 6, 1921 

Poetmaster. . 

Dept* of Agriculture, 
Washington, u. C. 

Dear Sir: 

Becently sereral pieces of mail matter 

addressed to me at the Departoent of Agriculture 
haTe been readdressed to the Horthuufcerland Apart 
■antt. liiich has nerer been my mailing addreas. 
My address is 1919 Sixteenth Street, Washington, 
lU C*, the same as for the last 36 years. 

Very truly yours, 


Dacember 12, 1921 

H. S. Crocker C#* 
571 Market S treat 
San Francisco, Ciilif • 

Dear Sirs: 

I am enclosing herewith my check for 
three dollars on the Crocker National Bank, for 
which plaaaa aand om at my Iju^'^ur^ton addnaaa, 
Aaa Fairfield *a History of Laaaan County, puhHshad 
by you in 1916. 

Tery truly jourst 

, "^VliJN-A. 

•i ^ » t »»^^»' » — 





December 12, 1921 

Mr* Will G. Steel. 

Spgene, Oregon* 
Dear Mr. Steel: 

This is merely an acknowledgment of the receipt 
of your letter and sample cards, which I have turned over 
to the Executive Committee of the Government Geographic 
Board. You will hear from the matter later. 

For many years, in fact long before the death 
of Henry Gannett, who was then Chairman of the Board, 
it has been the aim and hope of the Board to prepare a 
complete Historical Geographic Gazetteer of the United 
States, but up to the present tin© no appropriation for 
the purpose has been made by Congress. In fact, there 
never has been any appropriation^r ordimry clerk hire, 
the only available moneys being lihat required for the pub- 
lication of the periodical reports. 

You will see from this tiiat the Board hails with 
joy the preparation of material toward the end in view. 

In glancing over your cards, it occurs to me 
that you lack a number of reliable sources of information. 

in some cases quoting incorrect meanings. And in the mtter 

?i luA^^^J?^ usually a ive either the author, the title, 
or the date, but rarely all three. 

^ *^^ ^? §?^ *^ know that you have already rade such 

progress toward the preparation of so important a work. 

with best wishes, 

GUMrMG ^'^^ tnxlj yours. 

December 16, 1921 

?os Mills. 

Dear Mr. Mills; 

The «tUr of the nane of a locality in your 
region, designated BanholfP«,.]r», 

^n -»V».sted to ^ SraphxcBcara. The Board has 
sweated to d.nga th, na- from Bartholf Pa>-k to 
^'^-xer Bas.n. mi you UM., .^.or the ^rd w Uh 
your prefe-ene* 5„ fi, .. ^^ru wiin 

' F^Dia.incft ixi tJjQ natter nr ;- 

r,r^ . «''er, or 18 one nane more com- 

prehensive than the oth.r.? t 

exiatinp in .. '°^ '''^ ^^«^"" »«11 

««anng m the region? 

Do you teo. Aether Bartholf. for ^om the oark 
we named, la still living? * 

Ca^.^ Very tnaly yours. 

Chairman. U.S. Geographic BoanI 




Tiecetr'ter 16, 1921 

Mr. Will C. Barnes, . 

U.S. Forest Service, 
Washington, D. u. 

Dear Mr. Barnes: 

Has the Forest Service published any ne^ editior-S 

of the KlBinath. Trinity, or California National Fore«t «aps? 

^Bferrir^ again to some of the errors on the 
Trinity Forest sheet, which I discussed with you last spring, 
I have recently noticed the following: ^. 

The name Browns Creek is printed on^stream? flowing 
into Trinity Hirer at or near Douglas City, from tcth sidea 
of the river^one flowing south^the other north; whila, as a 
Mtter of fact. Browns Creek is the one shown east of Weaver- 
yille, flowii^ south. 

The nane Kel^JBS-^^^Cesl^ " printed on the map as a 
tributary t^icwns Creek^j^fW north to Douglas City. 
But the Forest Service people at feaverville told me that the 
name Redding Greek helor^s to the main stream resulting from 
the union of Browns Creek and Weaver Creek south of Weaverrille, 
and flowing into the Trinity^a litUe above Douglas. 

The South Pork of Hay Fork is erroneously labeled 

^"^ ^°*Blrke"r*io^toin. nearly due east of Hay Fork Bolly. i« 
spelled on the «,P,Bj]|f, Mountain. ^^ ^^-L^f' ^i^re%Tf* 

names from those given on the earlier edition, and some are dif- 
ferently locat^ed.^^^^^^ g^^.^^ contemplatir^ the publication of 
a map adjoinir* tlie Trinity Forest map on the south that will ex- 
tend far en ou^ west to show the coast line? 

Very truly yours. 



M w F M ib a r 16, 1921 

Profo J. UcK. Cat tell, 

Sditor, Scientific Monthly, 

Gerrison-on-Hudscn, R. Y. 

Dear Prcfossor Cattell: 

I have not heard frcm you in reply to my 
letter of November 23 asking what had become of the 
separates requested of my article on 'A California 
Blk Drive' published in the November naiiber of 
•Scientific Monthly'. I am receivirg requests for. 
separates of this article, and am anxious to distribute 
thsjn before tha end of the current year. Can you push 
the proper button? 

Very truly yours, 



December 16, 1^1 

Dear Kr. GroBTenor: 

.VI fAT. thfi bouni voluBies of tne 
VeryTieny thenks for the ooum 

. f.r 1921 v^ioh I shall take much pleasure 
G«)gni^ic Ifaga.ine for 1921. *^ai ^^ 

itj addii« to my legpnitas Library. 

^**^'**'* • th vou that these volunes are notable 

I quite agree with you mat .n.«f,^tion9. 

<^ fv,«ir contributions and xlluatrationa. 
for the interest and value of their contn 

f.i«t« Tou also on the admirable maps you hare 
1 ^.h to congratu ete you al ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^.^^ 

published durir^ the year. Those p^^^^gn, I a> 

•^nTiio*»nt American. Personsiiy, i» 
prtte helpful to every intelligent ^ 

lighted with the South African ^p, as I thinlc wrot 

Aort time ago. _ ^^^ ^^^ Korthomberland 

Please have my address cor re „ ,^ , ,„„^ 

. « Wo 1919 Sixteenth Street. Both of your 
(whiA I l«ft Ifist May) <o 1^^^ ^^' 

• .tiona «d th. one ftDn Mr. Austin were sent to the 
cotmunications ana vn^ 

Iorthurt»erl.nd. ^ ^^ ^ ^^^^^, ,, 

I grea-'ly regret ttiat i waa ui» 

the recent Be'ting. 

Very truly yours. 


II- Ollkert GrosTenor.. President, 
^'- H?tl5nd:>e«J>hic Socie ty . 

Washington, u. v^« 


I \ 






December 16, 1921 

Dto C* C. Adam^, 

College of Poregtrv. 
Syracuse, K. !•- 

Dear Doctor Adairis: 

Mj delay in replying to your request of 
Koveraber 2-? is duo to an tmfulfilled hopB that separates 
of my article entitled 'A California Slk Dri re* would 
arrive. I have twice written Professor Cattail about 
thorn, but have had no reply* As soon as they coi2e» 
I nhrdl take pleasure in sending you the t^ oopiaa 

ycu wish* 


Very truly yours. 



December 16, 192.1 

Mr. Homer S. Sargent, 

222 Arroyo Terrace, 
Paaadena, Calif. 

Dear Mr. Sargent: 

lour letter of the Srd inat. haa baen forwar^d 
to ne here. Owing to the threatened railway atrike and 
ooa or two other nattera, we retomed to Washington aerlier 
than expected* Thia daprirea me for the tiiae being of 
the pleaaara of accepting your kind inritation. 

I expect to return to California in the early 
apring, and if you are than at home, and will allow ne the 
pririlege; I ahall be moat happy to pay you a visit. 

Tfaankir^ you for your kindnese, and with beat 
rvgards froa Mrs* Mtniani and mj»9lt to joursolf and Mrs. 
Ssz^ant , 

Very truly yours. 


t I ! 





» f. 



Decaaber 16, ISBl 

Smith Book Company, 

916 Union Central Bull dii«, 
Cincinnati; Ohio. 

Dear Sirs: 

If you still hare than in stock, please 
send me the following periodicals mentioned in your 
By lie tin 3: 

On receipt of same with bill I will remit. 

Very truly yours, 
CHK:ttG H. 1. I 



Decomher 16, 1921 



Mn Ihio H. Murray. 

Box 22, Station A, 

Indi anapolia , Indiana « 

Dear Sir: 

Thanks for recent special list of books end 
paupblets. From this list I diall be obliged if yoti 
will send ■§ 

106o Life A»ong the llodocs by J* Miller. Hartfoni 1974 $1*0^ 

109c Personal Maaoirs of a Residence of 30 Years 

with tte Indian Tribss on the American x^'rontier, 

1812-42 by H. P.. Schoolcraft. Philadelphia 1851 3*( C 

Check for |4 is cDolofed herewith. Please 
address package, with receipt, to 1919 Sixteenth Street, 
Weahii^ton. D* 0. 

Vaiy truly yours. 




D90«Bber 16. 1921 

Ponner's Book 3tor«. 

177 f. Madison btr«« I, 

Ohio ago. 111. 

Dear Sirs: , 

Th.A. for ,.ur Ctlog.. *.• « «' '*»«»1 ' 

Boob, u 7« .tin -». .« i» •*"»• Pi"" •-* - 

idth bill the following: . 

53. The C.liforni«» (a mni.m .«thl, ««»»^«^^ ' ^ 
Tola. 1 to 6. pabliahad in San ? 1890-1882. 

Yary truly yoiira. 







^;. *-• 



Deceeber 17, 1921 

Mr. Ernest T. Seton. 
Greenwich, Conn. 

Dear Seton: 

Tour letter about the Bears has just arrived, and 
I have read over and am returning herewith your statement concern- 
ii^ the Big Bears in general and your classification of them into 
four groups. In connection with this sdieme, it is not quite 
clear to me wbr^t disposition you wake of the Grizzlies of Califor- 
nia, from the giant Prsus ma giste r of the mountains of extreme 
Southern California northward to British Columbia; or i*iat you 
do with the Grizzlies of the Great Plains; unless you include 
California and the Plains as parts of the Rodcy Mountains— 
rather a stretch from the geographic standpoint. 

I suppose you include the Great Kadiak Bear with 
••the Giant Pish Bears of the southwestern peninsulas of Alaska''. 
In this case, Aat has beooioB of the remarkably distinct IL^^glifii- 
doni of Montague Island and the huge Brown Bear of Yakutat Bay. 

Can you give me any characters by Aich to separate 
the Bears of your third and fourth groups, namely the ferown 
Bears of southeastern Alaska, from the Giant Pish Bears of the 
western peninsulas of Alaska* 

Your term "Cave-bear*^ strikes me as most objectionable, 
for the double reason t)iat this term is already definitely ap- 
plied to a group'bf extinct Bears in Buraaia, with *ich thia 
Bear has rib affinities, and also because there is no reason to 


a I 



2.T.3.— 2. 

believe that it lo in t^^,, 

^nat It 18 xn any 8ens«. ancient or modern, a Care-bear 

I quite agree ;rith you that it ^uld be foolish to 
at^anpt to .Hte a life hi.story for each species, and that the 
.aller the nu^er of categories the better. The difficulty i, 
to squeeze your claasi fication. with gecgraphic limitation, 
a« given, a number of mighty interesting outlyers. 

With best wishes, 

Very truly yours, 




Mr. P. K. Vreeland, December 19, 1921 

90 West Street. 

New York City. 

Dear Mr. Vreeland: 

Thanks for your letter of the 9th inst., and for 
your kindness in presenting your Bear skull from the Lake 
Clark region to the National Collection. 

In reply to your inquiry about Bear skull values, 
would say that some years ago, with more funds at ray disposal, 
I paid for fully adult skulls in reasonably perfect condition/^ 
$10 for feaialss, $15 for males, the price varying soroeiiiat with 
special conditions* Of recent years, however, I have been 
obliged to cut down on the price, and am usually paying $6 
or $7 for fully adult females and $8 to |12 for fully adult 
■ales. In meiny cases I do not pay so much. A deduction is 
always made for injuries. 

The reason I have been led to pay such high prices is 
that hunters and trappers would not take the trouble of packing 
in skulls usually for long distances^ unless paid enough to make 
it really pay. Owing to the low prices offered by the Biological 
Survey, practically no skulls of Big Bears were obtained, while 
in consequence of the much hi^er prices paid by roe, I have 
secured more than 2^000 skulls. 

I am obliged for the details in your letter. 

With best wishes and compliments of the season. 

Very truly yours, 
Cmi:MB C.>v>X V 






I>eo€Bber 19, 1921 

Col. ^emes A. McGuire,, 

Mi tor. Outdoor Life 
Denver, Golorado, 

Dear Colonel KcGuire: 

Doubtless you are wondering why you do not receir. 
the promised article on the present range of Grizzly Bears 
xn the United States. The del.y is due to the fact that I 
a» atxll waiting for returns fron, the Forest Serrice whiA 
are due this n.onth. I have ^-itten the preliminary part 
of the article, and an. preparing a „ap .howir^ oi:igir«l 
range and also present range so far as known. 

Very truly yours, 
CHM:iC ^ ^L^i 



Mr. P. K. Vreeland, December 19, 1921 

90 West Street. 

New York City. 

Dear Ur. Treelsnd: 

Thinks for your letter of the 9th inst., and for 
your kindness in presenting your Bear skull from the Lake 
Clarif region to the National Collection. 

In reply to your inquiry about Bear skull ralues, 
would say that sow ymn i«o. with more funds at my ^ispj^al^^^ 
I paid for fully adult skulls in reasonably perfect condition^ 
HO for females. $15 for mles, the price varying sonie#i8t with 
special conditions. Of recent years, however. I have been 
obliged to cut down on the price, end am usually paying $6 
or $7 for fully adult females and $8 to $12 for fully adult 
Mies. In nany cases I do not pay 3o much. A deduction is 

always made for injuries. 

The reason I hare been led to pay such high prices is 
that hunters and trappers would not take the trouble of pecking 
in skuUs^usually for long distances, unless paid enough to make 
it really pay. Owing to the low prices offered by the Biological 
SuTTsy, practically no skulls of Big Bears were obtained, while 
in consequence of the much higher prices paid by me. I have 
secured more than 2,000 skulls. 

1 m obliged for the details in your letter. 

With best wishes and compliments of the season. 

Very tiuly yours, 
CUM:1IG C."^>.Xr V 

. > 

December 19, 1921 

Col. James K. iicGuire, 

Kditor, Outdoor life. 
Denver, Colorado. 

Dear Colonel KcGuire: 

. "°'"'""° '"" "" "'"'■"^'■■e -hy you do „ot reci,. 
the p...sed article on the present rang« of Gri..l, B..„ 
-. th. BnU.d state,. The dela, is du, to th. f.„t tl-t 1 

- .t.U waiting for retun,s fro. the ?o^et 3,rrlo. .hl4 
are d„. „,,, ,„„«,. j ^,^ ^.^^^_^ ^^ ^^^.^.^^ 

Of the article, and a» preparing a „,p ,ho,ir^ ^^^^ 
r.Bge .«i alao present ra,«, ,o far a, kno™. 

^17 treljr yours, 


December 19, 1921 

Professor Henry H. Donaldson. 
Wistar Institute. 

Philadelphia, Pecn. 

Dear Professor Donaldson: 

Pardon my delay in sendirig you copies of 
North American Fauna Nos, 3 and 16, oont airing articlea 
on the distribution of animals and plants in ths San 
F>-wcisao Mountain region, Arir.ona, and the Sierra- 
Gaacade system in California and Oregon. Copies go 
to you by this mail* 

Trust ii^ that you have reoorered from your 
cold, and with compliments of the season. 

Very truly yours, 
(lllf:n <^V.^ W 



ist U 



Dftcerober 21, 1921 

Frederick A. Stokes Co. .Publishers, 
New York City. 

Dear Sirs: 

I shall be obliged if you will send me, with 

bill for the same, one copy each of Grinnell^s ^ia£k 
the Youne ^plorer' and Vack^the Young JLowboy/^ and 

two copies each of ^Ja*_th^Jf£2^jeJ^^ ®"^ '^^^ 

aiong ^^thg^ind ianiL^ ' 

Please address package to 1919 Sixteenth Street, 

Waahiqgton, D. C. 


Very truly yours. 




Decenber 21, 1921 

Major B. A. Goldnan. 

U.S. Biological Survey, 
Washir^ton, D. C. 

D«ar Goldman: 

Thanks for your letter of tha 13th inst. tellii^ 
Be about U. 1. Johnston of Unalakleet and promising to 
let m know later about Howard L Long of Seward. 

I regret that I cannot ooraply with your requaat 
for a copy of my article on Big Bear skulls published in 
'Outdoor Life', for the reason that I have not receired a 
single extra magazine containing this article. If any 
are sent m, I shall, of course, be glad to give ycu one 
at once. 

With best wishes, and greetings of the season, 

Very truly yours. 


i man by the name of Grant Humes writes that he has 
sent ne the skull of a Wolf from the Olympic Mountains. 
Has it been received? 

December 27. ISEl 

Mr« A. C. KcCain. 

Forest Sunenrisor, 

Jackson, Wyoming. 

My dear Sir: 

Very many thanks for your letter of the 19th 
inst.. telling me about the diaoovery of a Buffalo leg 
iabedded in the tnxnk of a Douglas Pir tree at an elevation 
of 27 feet above the ground. I suppose it is safe to asfmme 
that the leg was placed in the trunk of the t^ee by 
Indian or hunter at the time you Bention— about 50 or 55 
years ago. 

The note is of interest and I nould sugges\ that 
you send it to aroerican Forestry'for the benefit of iU 
maierous readers. 

Thanking you for writing m. 

Very trvily yours , 
CHIl:Mi ^ 


December Zf ^ 19B1 

Mr. Charles S. Sloane. Secretary, 
U. S. Geographic Board 
WachingT;ont D. C. 

Dear Mr* Sloane: 

The enclosed letter from Hon. John W. Heeks, 

Secretary of War. arrived this morning. A« you will 
•••, he states that Lieut -Col. Guy 3. Norvell, General 
Staff, "^is hereby appointed'' as War Department repre- 
sentative of the O.S* Geographic Board. Are not these 
appointments always made by the President? 

Very truly yours. 


ChairnBin, U.S. GfKJgrsphic Board 







^»>ii .;tr^- 


A- -. 

1 .' 

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" bc^k^5 fin. ..."TTrnhlr^f f» 

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i'ob. 14, £1, 

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'". n^»C"e ki 

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Qpon 11. ti 


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ii^: o: icorfc^ia to Iv^^rritory c^ *^^ 

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*' in^isns end 
Jherokeos . 

i'le.:;Ff fox-ward with bill : lii:> 3i> 



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De. :cr 2"^, 13:1 

1''4 N^.^'j^.*^'"' 'Street, 
New i( rk Ci ty. 

Doar 3ir; 

- 1 jt- ].:_ 

for your list No. 164 of becks end painphlets 
r^^T^trrr to ^^^^ '^ "tet<^«, and vill be obliged if you 

Will ?end me t^- iwiiiu/a rap, : 


It. u » 


tre;itiee in iuro 
, by 3dw8rd 

cut ion of lavs snd 
^' h^.s, Feb. 14. £1, 

72- InHien 


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8n Humo'i^fir. 



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iLo ^LuruK.-e iriuihx.s by The?. "• Parker, 190^ 

Henry '^. 
War, Jar. 



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Pol6g. S^rfirTue'e Speech on Semovsl cf laUans end 
clair! cf iJeort^ie to tprritory of fte Jh"'"'>kees*. 

ii rs. iBr^D 

i'lease forward 'sith bill to 191' 

V ^ 

'/ "treet. 

Wafrhlnntcn, D* a. 

7prv truly yours. 




» ■ 








4 Retake of Preceding Frame 



January H, 1921 

Dr. T. 3. Palicfir. ^ 

Secretary, A. o, U . , 
■Washington, u. u. 

Dear Doctor Palmer: 

In digging over ^ re ■. ^- -r.y old papers 
recently 1 came across the enclosed letter from 
Sage accompanied by the printed page of which he 
speaks, from the suppressed raunber cf the 'Oologisf 
for November 1883. It is. as you mil observe, an 
editorial written by John U. Y<ade . Editor cf the 


It might be worth filing in the archives 

of the Union. 

Vory truly yours, 









, ) 

January 4, 19?.l 

■r. Grant W. Humes, 

Lewis Cvounty, 
New York. 

My dear Mr. Hiunes: 

Very many thsnk« ^or your letter of December .19. 
It seems strange to find 3>ou in Lewis County, New York» so 
near my old home. 

The VMlf skull whidi you were pood enough to have 
fcrwerded to me hos just arrived, 85 I learned over the 
telephone from the Museum. I h&ve not yet seen it, but 
shall examino it in n day or t?70 with great interest. 

During the coming field season ) expoot to continue 
field work in Colifomia, but the next time I pn north I 
hope to otrail tnyself of your kind invitation to visit you 
at your home in the Olympic Mountains. 

With best wis hes. 

CilM : iiKi 


Very truly yours, 



January 4, 1921 

Br, Will C. BarnM. 
Forest Service 

Washington, D. 

Dear Mr* Barnes: 


Last spring you were good enough to transmit 
to the Forest Rai^gers in the west my request for infor- 
mation as to the present status of the Grizzly Bear in 
the states in which they still occur. In reply you 
said that the information desired would be contained in 
reports transmitted about the end of the year. 

I am very anxious to obtain this information 
as early as may be, and would greatly appreciate your 
courtesy in the matter if you will put me in possession 
the necessary data. 

Very truly yours , 





January 4 , 19E1 

John Uurgatroyd, 3sq., 

128 St. James Place, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Dear Sir: 

Many thanks for your letter of December 29 
giving me the information asked for concerning the Big 
Bear skull shipped to me at the Biological Survey last 
July. I am very glad to know that it came from Mr. 
Mallinkrodt, as this enables me to identify and label 
it properly. 

7ery truly yours, 








January 4, 1921 

Mr. G- H. Lentz. 

Acting Chief Engineer, 
Forest Service, 

Washington, D. C. 

My dear Sir: 

Many thanks for your letter of December 20 
in reply to my inquiry about Forest Service maps of 
northern California. 

I shall be very glad to receive copies of the 
Trinity and California maps of 1920 and the Klfinath mp 
of 1921. 

Hhen new editions of any of these maps are 
in course of preparation, I can probably give you a 
number of corrections if you will drop me a line in 

Very truly yours. 

rt ( 




Janiwry 4, 1921 

Ir. Carl Langford, 

Somes Bar, Calif. 
My dear Mr. Langford: 

Very aany thanks for your kindness in giving roe 
the asked for information about the location of lifltoia or 
Xi fl-Vum-nok-kee . Please thank lira. Hugh Grant for furnish- 
ing the correct location. In case she ever remembers the 
name of the old village at the mouth of Morehouse Creek, 
I shall he very thankful if you will let me know i*8t it is. 

With kindest regards to iirs. Langford. yourself, 

and the children. 

Very truly yours , 




January 4, 1921 


Mrs. Harriet H. Willieins, 
318 Highland Road. 
ItbBca. N. Y. 

iy dear itrs. Williams: 

Your note enclosing a letter addressed 

to your daughter Mrs, K. Clifford Willia«i caina 

more than a month ago, since which time another 

letter addressed to her has arrived. But she has 

not put in an aj^earance, and I do not know ^ere 

or how to reach her. Hence I am holding these 

coir.munications pending instructions* 

Very truly yours, 


January 4, 1922 

Mr, H. K. Pittrnn. 



Dear Mr. Pit tman: 

Thsnks for the 8 photographs of a Pocket Gopher 
received a short time ago. I am returning 5 of the prints 
herewith, retaining 3. Those TOtainsd are Nos. 1574, 1575, 
and 1586, for which my check of $6 is enclosed. 

The species photographed is the Northern Pocket 
Gopher, Thei^Miys talpoides . The laiiRer species mentioned 
by you would appear from your description to be Geomys 
bursariufl , but I have no record of its occurrence so far 
north. It is common however in the northern part of North 
Dakota. You can always tell the two genera apart by the 
circaiTffltance that the upper front teeth of Geomys ere deeply 
grooved, while those of Thomomya are flat or marked only by 
a faint inconspicuous groove mar the outer edge. Of course 
I cannot be sure without specimens that your larger animal is 
2£Qjp^ya. The skull of one would settle the matter at once. 

Very truly yours. 


t 4. 


Jenuery 4, 1921 

Dr. Walter P. Taylor, 

La Jolla, California. 

Dear Doctor Taylor: 

Replying to your inquiry about the Condor 
seen by me on the plains of the Columbia, would say: 

In the early morning of September 30, 1897, 
a few miles east of Coulee City, state of WashiiTgton, 
I saw a Condor on the ground a short distance north of 
the railroad track. It was in the open country with no 
trees near. 

Owing to a deeply rooted horror of basing 
field records on possible misidentification. impressed 
upon me for years by Professor Baird and Robert Ridpway, 
I refrained from making a record of the occurrence, 
although I heve always felt that there ma no question 
whatever as to the identification. 

With greetings of the season to Mrs. Taylor 

and yourself. 

Very truly yours. 








D.B.i).— 2, 

January 4, 1921 

Mr. Done Id R. Dickey. 
514 Lester Avenue, 
Pasadena, Calif, 

Dear Mr. Dickey: 

lour letter of December 23 is most we Icon*. 
I had intended to call on you at Pasadena 
in Norenfeer but was obliged to ooae Kast without visit- 
ing Southern California. I am now planning to return 
early in the spring, in ^ich case I hope to see you 
all before going north to Lagunitas. 

You certainly are to be corgra tula ted on 
your success In your sinimer's work in New Brunswick. 
I arc amazed to know that so much big game i« to be 
seen there. 

And I congratulate you also on your good 
luck in finding a new home so exactly suited to your 

I had great good luck last year in finding 
rentnants of vanishing tribes and in locating additional 
village sites and tribal boundaries. 

You are entirely right about the Bobcats, lb 
know next to nothing as to the number and distribution of 
forms worthy of recognition and as to their inter-relations 
They are a difficult group, but one that will well repay 
serious study. 1 once undertook the job, but at that time 

the available material was utterly insufficient. If you 
are willing to tackle it. I have no doubt that Nelson would 
be willing to put the Biological Survey material, now very 

extensive, at your service. 

But for the immediate present, if you merely wish 
to know whether « particular specimen is or is not Hfm b^iliji 
I shall be glad to express an opinion if you will send such 
specimen to the Biological Survey. 

Your moving must have been a difficult and anxious 
undertaking. I «■ in a position to aporeciate and sympathize. 
hBTlng so recently moved my own materials to my house from 
the office quarters where I have worked for the past eleven 


With kindest regards to your mother, your wife. 

and yourself. 

Very truly yours, 




A.M.F.— £♦ 


January 4, 1921 

Mr. Asa M. Fairfield, 
Sieanville, Calif. 

My dear Sir: 

Very many thanks for your letter of December 26, 
and for the copy of your important 'Pioneer History of 
Lassen County^ irtiich has just arrived in perfect condition. 

The price ($3) sent to the Crocker Company waa 
from the Publishers' Catalogue of new books. I had no in- 
tention of cutting down the price, «nd am enclosing herewith 
my check of $4.50 in payment. The book is easily worth this 


In scanning it hastily 1 find that it contains much 
of interest in connection wittt my work on the Indians of 
California and Nevada. On page 13 you mention Bannocks 88 
coming occasionally as far as the southern part of the 
Honey Lake country. This is a surprise to me, and I should 
be glad to know if you have authentic data to back up the 
statencnt. On the san» page you say that the Washoe Indiaiw 
ranged fro* Walker Lake to Honey" Lake. Walker Lake lies 
wholly in Piute territory considerably east of the Washoe- 
Piute boundary. If you have any evidence that the Washoes 
ever entered this hostile territory, I should be glad to 
know it. 



A typographical error occurs twice on page 50, 
»ly, ^State of the Desert**. Thi 5^ should read of course 
•'State of Desere rt/' 

Don't think that I am criticizing the book 
because of the niention of these small errors. On the con- 
trary I greatly admire the book and shall read it critically 
with much interest. Even the hasty glance I have given it 
shows it to be full of infonnaticn that I am glad to have. 

Very truly yours. 


\N^A 1^^ 

.' <<y 





JanoBry 5, 1922 
Dear Doctor Stephens: 

Pardon ■/ delay in acknoirl edging your kind letter 
of December 16, with ecoompmying tracings of pictogwphs in 
iMsen County, and also in acknowledging the attractiTe and 
■uch appreciated ChriatMt rmaalirancea froa the Stephens 
twmlj. The edible products from Lake County are still a 
source of cTenicg enjoyment to the entire family, and the 
beautiful bmkat in *ich they were encased is irach admired. 

It Ibto now arraoged our office files and famitura 
sa that p-actically everything ia get-atable. This was accom- 
plished mainly by dividing the cases, leaving the lergar pari 
in the garage and putting the others in the front room of the 
tw ent. This of course does not include the dekka and 
book-cases, which are in the parlor and dining room. 

I have made only fair progress in writing up the 
rewlts of the pest season's field work, and am not mere than 
half done, tm anxious to finish aa early as possible in order 
to get in shape for next seaaon's field mrk earlier than uawtl 
This means that I shall have to go to the hospital in the near 
future. Shall piobably go to Johns Hopkins. 

I am particularly obliged for the pictographs which 
you took 80 much trouble to copy. But have not yet had ti 
to study them or compare them with whatever literature may 
exist on the pictographs from ether parts of California. 

W.B.S.— 2. 

■■■ I 

-- .. wax. ... ,,..,:;•: : j;^7;;^ - - 

Ab arer yours. 



•^2^ ftj Strwt. • 
Alameda. Calif. 




Jfimuery 5, 1922 

Dear Bruce: , , . u«.# i 

Tou certainly gave the Merriam family a delightful 

..rpriae and one that .ill long stand 8S . testament to your 
ekiU and artistic ta.te. U appears to be a Hower-holdar 
ir the g^ise of a candle-stick. But ^tever its funct.or 
Ita gracafol lines and perfect m,rkmanahip are admired bj 
.11 ^o have seen it. And it Is pleasant to have a Chr.3 

• r^^T•r^tnfl^l▼ in view inatead of 
ren,«Dranca that will re»axn perretually 

aiseppearing dom one's ©Bophagus. 

With love to you all, end greetings of the season. 

Very truly yours^ 


Bruce Stephens, 
1250 Bay Street. 

Alameda, Calif. 


Jmmrj 5^ I9Z8. 

!)•«■ Doctor StoJMger: 

<>pt. F. 2. JaeiMdwidt. 100 CathedrBl F^rfcnj 
•^ lort City. «k, ,fc,ther or not tha lbtion.1 Juld 
W1«t*„«Ud- in obtaining .tcril for a g««p cf tW Kg 
Brw. 3«r, BcanLOM.. of llaaka P.iwuia. j i,^^ 
tl.t the lh8i» hM no fond arri labia for this pui^oaa. b«t 
I «i fiffarriBg tha attor to yon. 

▼ary tnily yonra. 

0.3. totional Iweu-. 

*MhiBgtOB. D, t. 





January 5, 1922 

Capt. ?. H. Kleinschmidt. 
100 Cathedral Parkway, 
New York City. 

My dear Sir; 

Thanka for your letter of Deceaiber 28 about the 
skulls of Big Bears. I shall be interested to measure your 
speciwn of Ursua gyflg in the Carnegie Museua at Pittsburgh, 
*ich you eay naaures close to 21 inches ir length. My 
experience in BBasuriiig big skulls is that I generally fail 
to get 80 great a length as that usually attributed to them— 
•0 much depending on the method of measuring. 

Tour inquiry as to whether the 3»nithsonian Institution 
would be interested in obtaining a group of these Big Bears 
for eihibition I am referring to the authorities of that 

Very truly yours, 



W "^ 



JanuBiy 5, ISEl 

Dr. T. S. Palaer, 

Seoretarv A.O.U., 

WasBington, D. C. 

Dear Doctor Palmer: 

Hare just come across another copy of the 
'Plain Ehgliah'' auppressed editorial of *ich I sent 
you a copy a day or two ago. A„ enclosing it herewith. 


L <; 






? t 







JmuBTj 5. 1922 

■r. R. W. G. Vail. 

BBoaeTolt Memorial Aaaociation* 
1 Madison ATenue, 

law York Citj. 

■j daar Sir. 

Baplying tc your letter dated December 19, vonld 
•«y thi » Micot'n inscription on the Rooseyelt-Mlnot Adirondack 
Bird List of 1877 refers to a publication I lad preriowlj 
sent him entitled •! Review of the Birds of C^nuacticut'^ 
not an anticipstcrj review of the leaflet in question. 

Replying to your further quastion as to Kinot*a 
ralatiyea or heirs, I am unable to give the desired infonation. 
Wt yva might obtain it by writing to Mr. Charlas ?. Batcheldar 
of Cambridge. 

I am too oreiTiielmed with work just now to attend 
to tl» «tlier aattera mentioned in your letter. 

Very truly yours. 





Jaaoary 5, 1922 

^«ht Rer. ftomae J. Shahan, 
Catholic ^Irarsity. 
ianhii^ton, K C. 

Daar Sir: 

The »Catholio Hiatorical Reriew' for July ]?20 
iced the firat part of an important articla }fj I)r. 
i*«*art 1. Priestley entitled 'Praeciscan Siploration cf 
Califormia'. Sinoa ita appearance I have ba«ft««miting 
Us depletion. fill you be good enough to tell as ^w 
it Is likely to appear? 

^is article by on« of our fcreaost hiwtoriana 
•wtaina not only by far the best aoeount extast of the 
«plor«tioiiB of the early Franoiacan Fathers in Galifermia, 
but also pots am in pcsseaaion of ruch important icfowtioft 
not prerioufly available. 

ftt nmtas followed by the early Piidraa mi tfaa 
Indian rillagea risited hare nevar before bean located with 
such eractness. Having been engaged during part of ne«-Iy 
•▼•ry year for more than 25 yeara in locating the sitaa of 
the aboriginal aattlamenta in California. I am particularly 
interested in the resulta of Dr, Priestley's work. This 
I trust will pardon the liberty I am t*ing in aakii^ shan 
the remainder of his pi^er is likely to be published, 

▼•ry truly yours. 





January 6, 1921 

Dr. George Bird Grinnell, 
238 B. 15th street, 
New York City. 

My dear Grinnell: 

The enclosed clipping from the ^Kalispell 
Tiines' of December 29 gives m a chill. Is it true, 
and are thj statements nde by Sohultz in the aain 

km hoping to see jou here this winter. 

I had a surprisingly auccessful field season, 
getting the boundaries and villages of tuo tribes previously 
unknown, and ascertaining that the f^haPil^^^ territory is 
at least 10 times as large as heretofore supposed. Also 
(\ii a lot of ^rV wi t^i several Athapaskan tribes and 
secured additional material from the Konom eho. 

With best wishes from us all to Mrs. Grinnell 

and yourself. 


As ever yours , 

V=^ - 








Jaiuary 6, 1921 


?irst National Bank, 
Browning, Montana. 

Dear Sir: 

In respon5?e to an article on the 'Starving 
Blackfeet' publi^ed in thelali?pell Ti!?!e»*of 
December 29. I am enclosing herewith my check for 
$10 as a small contribution to the Blackfeet 
Relief Fund undor your charge. 

Very truly yours, 





January 6, 1922 

Mr. R. P. Parlay. 

ij Club. 
BalUnora. Hd. 

The City C' 

Hf dear Mr. Farley: 

Replying to your inquiry of the 3rd inst., 
wuld say that you are miatricen in thinking that the 
Government Geographic Board arranges for lectures. 

In reference to a lecture on MtMWMqft 
I i»uld refer you to Dr. C. C. ibbot . Smithsonian 

For a suitable lecture on ornithology, would 
suggest that you conununicate ^ith Dr. 1. tf. Nelson or 
Dr. T. S. PaTjner, both in the U.S. Biolc^gioal Surrey, 
this city; or if you wish to go so far, you could 
probably secure a better lecturer in Hew York by writing 
Dr. Frank M* Chapman, American Museum of Natural Hiatory, 
New York City. 

Very truly yours. 
CHM:MG ^- 





January 6. 1922 

Mr. H. P. Stanford, 

Kalispell, Montane. 
Dear Sir: 

Tour three Grizzly skulls have arrived 
and I was very glad to s^e thm. One is a fine old 
femle, the others imriflture. I an crediting your 
account $23. for which'checlr will he .«nt you from 
the Smithsonian ir a few days. I shall also send 
you as soon as received, the artificial teeth for 
■ounting in the heads. 

In case you ever get hold of a fully wdult 
•le of this Grizsly. I hope you will send m the 
skull, as I have been hoping for one from your region 
for several years. 

Thanks for the infcrnation you gave me about 
_the color of Grizzly skins from the Kalispell region 
compared with those from the Tobacco Plains region. 
By the Kalispell region I assune that you mean the high 
mountains immsdiately east of Kalispell. If Grizzlies 
occur in ths low country about Flathead lake. I Aould be 
glad to know it. 

by Jonas'^rSs^ o^D:S;e??^'''l*'i;J°;*itUn*?SS SnTil^f 
yo4 win'ricnii ihl teeth. ^ ^'''•' '^ '" ^^ '^^"^ 


Very truly yours. 


Janairy 6, 19^ 

Jonas Btd thers, 

Denver, Colorado. 

Dear Sirs; 

In one of your catalognes I sea that ycu supply 

false teeth cf Bear for wowting in dnnmy skulls in sereral 

sizes. The middle siM is adTsrtisod at $1.50. If tM* 

price is not correct, plaaso give m the correct aaoont. 

I should like three sets of the middle size, asstasing that 

the upper nolar series neasures approximately 3-1/4 inches. 

Please address me at 1S19 Sixteenth Street. 

Very truly yours. 





January 7, T^l 

Kr. W* I. -id&!?.9. Account ED t, 
^ittsoni*) In9titati(ni» 




\f^ €: r« ~^^ 



Harem ttx I am ^closing ny expense bcoowA 
for December anBiiiiticg to $95.53» together with Touchtrs 
M per lifft heremtk. #!idi I Aall be obliged if you 

will pay as usual Tvcm the UarrLftan Fund,. 

•- • 

Tery truly yours. 


icoo^^sying ToQcfaers; 

J» 1. Sccllick, ClBaning Bear Skulls 
ZazBiia Ibrriam, Senrices as last. 

B*er 3kulls: 

Harry C^ewbers, 5 skuTl* , 

J. D. Kinney. 3 skulls 
Joe Ifaillcui, 1 skull 
H. P. Stanford. 3 skulls 
A. H.: Twit Che ll,l skull 


Iff. 00 





C. Uart Uerrian 

1919 Sixteenth Street, Washington, D. C. 


Sub voucher 

Hebbard & iackeasy: Electric Work & suppliea I 

neoeasary in ooinrerting garage & rooms m 

houae into office and file rooma 
Hubber banda .35; 2 Iba. wax $1.25 
Stctt & Co: 1 doa.blotters for letter copying 

1*25; typewriter brush, pencil8,&o .85 
^^ward Sapir - Language ^ , 

Outdoor Life for 1^22 (2 copies fi $2) 
Bird-Lore for 1922 
iaarican Forestry. 1922 
Journal of Heredity 

Ohas.B.Lauriet Co^.Millais^ Sportsmana Wanderings 
Hm^ ic Paol Crawford - Putting up map rack,ii $2 
Lumber for map rack 
Littlefield,Alvord d: Co., morir^ safe 
Fairfield's History Lassen County, Calif. 
Grinnell'a 'Jack Among the Indians' _ 

H. H. Pittman, 3 photos Pocket Gopher © $2 
Christmas presents for Calif. Indians *om I 

expect to work with again next spring; 

Light sweaters or scarfs for Mrs. Lucy Mont- 
nary, Trinidadi Mrs. Hugh Grant, Porks of 
Imon; Mrs* Sallie Noble, Burnt Planch; and 


Mrs. Kate Luckie, Hay Porx 

J:'resenta for children of Mrs. iieo. lirec i. 

Burnt Ranch; Geo. Burt, Fortune • Carl Lerxg- 

ford. Somes Ear; Mrs. Martinez Bell, Cahto 
Postage i insurance on above 
Daniel H. Newhall, booka & pamphleta: 

Iverett's ^eech on Seminole Indians 

Parier's 'C&erokee Indians' 

Storra* Speech on Seminole War 

Peleg* Sprague^s speech on Removal of 

nectric Current Mov. 22 to Dec. 21, $10^40, 1/3 
Stanps, envelopes, and stamped envelopea 

for December 
Charwoman, cleanii^ office rooms for December 




22 00 

1 60 




10 00 



5 45 

2 60 
2 10 







95 53 


— Ninety-five - 

Fifty- three 



January 9, 1922 

Mr. G. E. Rachford, 

U.S. Forest Service. 
■'• ^f:ngton, D. C. 

Dear Mr. !?achford: 

Many thanks for your letter of the 6th inst. 
telling me that I may look for the promised information 
about the present status of Grizzly Bears soon after 
the 20th of this month. Thlf will be fiw. 

Thanking you for your trouble in the ir.atter. 

Very truly yours, 






January 9. 1922 

■r. George Kennan, 
Itedina, N. Y. 
Dear Mr. Kennan: 

Thanks for your season's greetings, and 
for the notice from Barron's Financial Weekly of your 
forthcoming Biography of Mr. Harriman. 

I am delighted to know that you have been 
«tle to complete this -.vork. and that it will appear 
in the near future. I ahall read it with great interest 

With kind regards to Mrs. Kennan and yourself, 

^ery truly yours, 

W^ ' 



January 10. 1921. 

Dr. J. Walter Pewtos, 

Bureau of AmBrican Ethnolopy, 
Smithsonian Institution, 

Washington. D. C. 

Dear Doctor Pewkas: 

Many years ago when you and I were mudi youriger 
than at present our friend Henry W. Henshaw prepared a 
afliple l)rochure of his work entitled ''Tribes of North hmrica 
with Synonomy'^ sirx^e published as the Handbook. The brochure 
to #)idi I refer was in large quarto, printed in double column 
(13 pages). This was submitted to rarious ethnologists for 
criticism as to the form of publication. It was undated. 

Uj object in writing you is to ascertain if the 
Bureau has any record as to the date of the printin^^ of 
this brochure. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours, 


I WJk^ 

January 10, 1921. 
«is8 3lsie !>. luckie. 

Weaverville, Calif, 
•jr dear Uise Lucki«:' 

i« h^ ., ^'"^ """"^ '''"*' ^°'*^°"^ ^i'^'^e^e in writin. 
- behalf of Mi.. Bllen Clifford. I .in look ' 

on her caae at once hut t i u • "^ ""^ memoranda 

I don't V ""^ important infonnation 

I Jon t know anything about Mie« ElUn Cliff ., 

to Ben a«i .annie Howe. Please tel . -^^tionship 

«J have th« f . V "^ ^^°"* thi8 so that I 

/ nave the facts before going to th. i«^ • . 

e^ing to the Indian Office 
Are you not the Miss hioVia «k 

on Hay Pork Bolly at tte f f ""' '" **^^ ^''^-o^' 

"■^■L/ at the time of nv visit f« 

summer. If ,o. gi^e „,v kina . ^°"'" "^'^'^ ^"^ 

• 6Aro my Jrinaest re^Ar/la f^ 

}"« Pion, her. and tell Mi,. ,„ " •'°""" ""'*'"'■ ■*«" 

lexi Misp Uiien Clifford I »,'n j 

-7 power to help her in her case. ' ''' '" 


^ery truly yours. 





Janwiy 10, 1S21 

Ttr Ifilter X. Fisher, 

Hopkins Biological Laboratory, 
^ Pacific Grove, Calif. 

Dear Vfalter: 

A few day? ago you asked me for a reference to 

my correction of 'Zone Teaperatures. ' I have j«t found 
it. It is 'Science', p. 116. January 20, 1899. 

The essence of this correction is that for 

"^C (43"?)" read C (32 P). 

The error naa -iue. as you will probably remember, 
to the man in the Weather Bureau who made the computations 
and placed the results under wrong headings. 

Trusting that you found wtters mi things in 
general in satisfactory shape on your return, nd that you 
and your fmily are in the best of health and spirits. 

As ever yours, 






Janua/ 1°^ '^^^ 

Smith Book Com pan y, 

914 Union Central Building, 
Cincirjiati^ OhiOe 

Dear ^ 


Thanks for ycur Januar/ Clearance List just 
received- From this list I pftaU ^^ S^®^ ^^ ^^^ *^^^ 


Schoolcraft's Indian Tribes, ^ols. l,2,i 3 

Bourne ^9 Captive in Pategonia 
RncXo?ed is my check for $18.30» being 
the amount/minus the 15^ discount advertised. 

Very truly yours, 









January 10. 1921 

Prof. Robert ?• Grigga. 

C/o National Geographic Society, 
Washington, !>• C. 

Dear Professor Griggs: 

Last Uaj you wrote me th»t Prof easor Hine 
had promised **to send on the mammals he collected in 
the KatTiai District. ** Since then I have heard nothing 
on the subject from either you or Professor Hine, 
Were the specimens ever sent, and if so *ere did 
they go? 

WUh best Irishes, 

Very truly yours. 





January 12, 19£ 

Mejor ?.^ A. Gcl.-l -nsn 

U»3. 3io!cpio8j !^urv«v. 

rept, of ;;gri culture, 

i)eer Goldman: 

Thtnb' for your Isttar of the I] th inpt. 
eficloaing 2 letter frcm /:. r., TwitohcU of Fl^t, Alaska. 
I ay. oblig'^d also 'or the sceonpanviiv; list of l-^ar 
skulls received frcm Tvfitehell in 1920 and 1?21. 
Some of them I have paid for. Othe -s ar.r.arentlv era 
not yot peid for- As a nile J ESPane thot the Biolcpieal 
SurvR;- talces carft of Blf'-V Ecfir Fkuils. sf? I put ir. 
orders for the Big Bear? only. 

You ripy he interp?t';d to kn-^w thst to irte 
I have ppzi fo^ Bear gkulls out of the Harrimaii -Mxid 
ipore thnn $20,000, by reason of \*.ij.h the bp.lence avHil- 
able for office arid fioid purpos^r nss beer so mich 
redoaed that my vnrk ?s rrsatly handicapped. 

Very truly your?. 



Januery 12. 1922 

Mr. G. H. Lantz, 

U*3* Forest Service, 
Weehirgton, D. C. 

My dear Sir; 

Very irany than to for your courtesy in 
sending me copies of the latest issues of the 
Forest :?ervice maps of Trinity. Klsinath, and 
a<5lifoniia National forests, all of ;vhich arrived 
a few days ago. 


Very truly yours. 




bear iJir. IkBilin^/irroc^A 

On /^iifni>t o-*' vcr.r l»*;,tt>r of D^'-.-^^onr 7*7 [ ' rj«ti ^i7^er! 

« search fcrr' the r-'i'^ .';. :j.^^'^'.'^ ^T /^uj :^ n I^'*""^' *• '": *^^'^ 

»nd enk. J hif;> to ?rt&><9 the pedograph full s'i^^e. no fai^.'^.d . .c 
thir '>^r;ver^r, no tVit the or^^*^ ir ^n the neif^hb'-'^cod of 
en inch --hort .>^ th. :'l<all itf?^*", rh*.i.V I f^reotly r^^r^t- The 
GiffLnilty tfid delay of hsv^'ng it riom a^er with the jh/vnco cf 
en iaff-rior prir.t hen led :^ to send yv=a the present one a^ it is. 
To irj >*Mrd it l.« & ^^^-min;- ;?icturea I am *3ur^' tVj r-z^-r.-t^firs of 
your Uf.Wf^rs^ty C^lu^ will '-- '^^i i^^'^ty '••;^fl to '1x173 it added I 

■*(^ ir 



'hr= nreti of Alaska F^riinfrilt if? ^c preat and the character 

of th5 land bo moan^ain^u^ iml th^ ?-; r h^ur^f^T^ -^o l^Triied th/it it 


neticri in our day at least, 

i \i^vCi not bf:-n df^^ply urpr»*«!iart by th: ^itirrf^ntal 
r^tuff th^. t has b^en pullished ccnc^rninj;; t^ie i'«r!^:^nt ne^d icr pro- 
tecting che Big 2e^r5 of ^Iwj^kii, 

r t 

X nope your Wjt *rf;nting jnani^^cri ot :n jr^a r^^i^VKBOle 
eypf^riercat^j th the Big B^?^rB ;v51I ^o to prePs in the r^oor future, 
for it certsinly is ^): unu:=n:^j ly veTuf^hi^ contribrtlcn t.. our kro^/. 
ledi^ft of the??* aniir^lif. 


>art vv;f?f)rtB 


ot. L0UI8, Ko. , 





,? If 



iJ^ -. ^■o]oq.>.cal Su^pv 

i^ept. of Agricultilrs, 
^'^•»hington. ^-^ 0. 

Dear Dec tor Jackson; 

The i.ta for the l.rge 3b:ll of Vx^^^, 
forwarded through John Mary.troyd sni r.c.iv..l July 6. 
1921. are cs follcv^s; 

iLHaii^tlvsi , ral^, c7d. Canoe B«y n«.,r Paving 

Aiaskci P^^^'ryula, June 5 13?0 ViIi^a ^ 

f ui.« ..;, ,:^^,u. Killed trri pregpnted by 

2. Kallinekrodt, Jr, 


^«ry tn-ly yours^ ^ 


JanuBiy 13, 1922 
My dear Grinnell: 

Many f henks for your answer to my inquiry 
about the Blackfeot. "me case is intensely sad, but 
I m glad to know that it is not quite so bad ss 
painted in the article. 

Sheldon wired his arriral at the railroad 
several days ago. and will doubtless put in an appear- 
ance shortly. We shall be mighty glad to hear the 
details of. his. trip. 

With kindest regards to Mrs. Grinnell and 
yourself from all of us. 

As eyer yours. 

Dr. George Bird Grinnell, 
238 Bast 15th atreei 
New York City 






enatcr Charles L. LicNery 

Jnnusry 13, 1922 

Hen. Charles L. McNary, 

l\3. Senete, 

Dear Sir: 

IB compliance with jour recent request. 

I enclose herewith a brief Tr.e mor m d lua concerning 
the need of the U.S. GeoPrephic Bcsrd in the matter 
of a dictionary' of place n.mes in the United States 

... - +v%on '>'^ -j»Bro it has been 

and Alaska, whicn for aiore then ^^ year.. 

the hope of the Board to prepere. 

It is understood that Will G. Steele of 
Oregon has 'in preparation s p«rt of the needed 
r*terial, which by critioel editing and arr.plification 

right "be used by the Eoard. 

Very truly yours, 




Cha i vtm n 

M ?«OPi> NDUM 

^^ thousand dollars to enable the U.S. 
Geographic Eoan to begin the preparation of o Gazeteor 
or Dictionary of h;sce in the United States and 
Alaska, to comprisb ttje names of mountains, rivers, 
yalleys, canyons, an(*. o\her natural topographic and 
relief features, and also ^he nanes of all towns, cities, 
counties, and political divisions - - - - 


January 16, 1922 


Rev. Dr. Peter uuilday. 

Catholic University,^ 
Tiashiqgton, ;-'. o. 

My "iepr Sin 

Yery Twpy ftante for yonr ccurtesy in sending 

me the galley proof of the seeovA rert of ^. Priestley's 
article on 'l-franciecan Exploration of Cslifomia'. I shall 
read it with great interest and »ill then for«?.rd it to Dr. 
Priestley, to whom I an wriUng by this mail. 

mth renewed thanfe for your Irindness in the 
matter, whioh I assure you I greatly appreciate. 

Very truly yours. 

» 4 - 





Dr. H. I. Priestley, 

Unirorsity of California 
Berkeley, Calif. * 

JmuBiy 16, 1S22 

Daar Doctor Priestley: 

SoiaetiBe ago I wrote the Editor of the Catholic 
Historical Review in^iring as to when the final instaLnent 
of your important paper on ;Pr«ciscaii ftrploration of California' 
would b. published. His reply has only j„t arrived in this 
■oming's «U. Ha states that in January 1921 the «iga.ine 
"became a general church history periodical, and tenc- 
the editors decided not to continue the stuiy of Dr. Priestley." 
This is in itself disappointing and sad, but it is .or^what off- 
••t by what I a. about to say. Hence, please rejoice with me 
•»d be exceeding glad, for to my great sun>rise the Reverend 
Br. Quilday had the great kindness to seiri m by registered 
■ail the galley proof^of the remainder of tte article. 

I am anxious to read this, and therefore air, teking 
the liberty to hoi. it for two or three weeks, but will keep 
U m a steel safe an. will send it to you either by registered 
-11 or by express on my return. I am going today to Johns 
Hopkins Hospital at Baltimore t« be operated on to«orn,w, and 
expect to be home egain in a couple of w^^eks. 

With congratulations that this n.0Bt instant article 

has been rescued, and with hrtnoo t-u.,*. •*. 

, ana witn ftopes thfit it may soon be published, 

Very truly yours. 




Jmmrj 16, 1922 



Mr, Donald Dickev,. 

514 Lester Ivemx j. 

Pasadena, Cnlif. 

Dear Mr. Dickej: 

Jour letter nt th, 10th i™,. arrived i. ,ho .ornirg', 

IPS .e of th, ™,or that cotter Gri zdf ha, b«„ HlUd i„ 
Southe.. CHfornU .ithin the ^st sU»- I ,, gi.a th.t 
70. ar. hot on its tr.H. „., hep, y„„ ,i„ „„, „„, ^. 
the reol thing. '^^ 

I note that you ha^e shipped the Bobcats to »e at 191S 
Sixteenth Street. T^as is ur.fortunate. but I will a^ran^e to 
^.e th. taken to the Mus... Verno. Baile, will probabl, do 

this and make a preliminary exanination of the ■^ecim.r. ,. ' 

. ^^ ^'i« i^pecimens during 

^J aosence* ^ 

Johns Hopk,..s Hospital t.„„rro.. Hope to he .,„.e in tw or 
throp weeks. 

With best vsrishes to you all, 

'^Grj truly yours, 



JanuBiy 16, 1922 

Mrs. Elizabeth Parsons HairT«r, 

Bolines, Calif. 
Boar Mrs. Hawrer: 

Io»r letter cf the 9th inst. srrired by this 
~™i"R's .all. and I h.„ just phoned Dr. Saxon i„ „,.r^ 

of fe^s hut not the other ^otage. ,^ that he is „iti„, 
jou today, ^ 

I do not understand the Indianapolis ™i„p an, „or. 
than „.*o. but str,:g. thirds -happen at ti.e.. ,„n in the 
poatal 8«rTiee. 

We are just now enjovinp « o^iajf * 

"joying a visit from our daughter 

Dorothy and her little girl 41 wmt. r.^A «. 

^^ ^ ^ ** ^®*" °1^- She and her grand- 

mother have great sport together, and we are hopin. that we 
m have her with us at I.,gunitas some of tl»s. days We 
=re also hopin, to retun. earlier than usual the spring. 

With kindest regards and best wishes, 

fery truly yours, 







Januaty 16. 1^22 

Star Mr. SIobm: 


J«t •• I SB le«Tii« for Johns Hopkins Hospital a 
letter with accorapeBying package cf ^ihotographs has 
b«an rooeiTad from Williaa C. Gregg of Hackensack, R. J. 
I tare glsrsced at the photographa and have rede brief 
■BBonnda on a feaof then, "but hwre not tin to go 
orer them critically or to ««wer Gregg's letter, aft 
I oi obliged to gc to catch the train. 

He Boat important informetion it aarins to aa 
is the (wiasion of the naaas preriotisly applied by Leffing- 
well and p«siblj others to bowb of these features. 

Will you kicdly write Mr. Gregg. 

Very truly yours. 

Mr. C>»rle8 S. Sloane, Secretary, 
U*3. Geographic Boerd, 
WaBnicgton, D. C. 



f ^ 


January 16, 1923 

Jonas Bid ft era. 

^^▼«r. Cblorado. 

Wiaiii. for your letter of the 11th inet 
atat^ng ttat you have on hand sets of ^dle si^e'erti. 

';7 '^^^ '" ^"" «' ^1.50 per set. I .,,n he 
glad to purchaae three sets, for *ic* I «, endosi.^ 
isrewitfa nj dieck for $4.50. 

^^"^ ••"i t^» teeth to H. P. Stanford. 
•Xali«pell, Montana. 



^^rj truly yours. 







Jnnuery 16, 1922 

Mr. H. p. 3tenford, 

Ka liepoll, Montana. 
Dear Sir: 

I have j,^t received a letter frt,n> Jonas 
Brothers stating that they have the middle size 
artificial Bears' teeth mentioned in your forn«r letter 
I am ordering three sets, and have directed Jona. 
Brothers to serf them to your address. 

Trasting they rill arrive safe] v. andwiU 
prove satisfactory, and thankin, you for letting „a 
know about thorn, 



'Cry truly yourp. 




-t— -OC 

January 16, 1922 

Atlantic Monthly Press, 
8 irlxqgton Streei. 
Boston, Mass. 

Dear Sirs: 

Replying to you- letter of the 9th in.,t 
l^^uld state that the copy „«ntioned of .Wii, Br^the'r' 
bM arrived, for *ich I a. ve,^ ™uch obliged. I a. 
•rtting Mr. Underwood by sane mail. 

■^ery truly yours. 





January 16, 1922 

Mr. H. P. Stanford. 

Kali«pell, Montana. 
Dear Sir: 

I hBve just received a letter frt,m Jonas 
Brothers stating that they hare the middle si^e 
artificial Bears' teeth mentioned in your former Utter 
I am ordering three seta, and hare directed Jons, 
Brothers to send tfiem to your address. 

Tnisting they ydH arrive eaUly, and wi U 
prove satisfactory, and thanking you for letting .a 
know about them, 


Very truly yours. 




^>^ ^.o^ jk^xik ^.^ 

*"iS ^**^- 

> "!>- 



January 16. 1922 

Atlantic Monthly Press, 
o /.rliqgton Street. 
Boston, M888. 


•^ • 

r 01 rs: 

Replying to you- letter of the 9th inst 
^Id state that the copy n^rtioned of -Wil^ BrothJr' 

. ror wiich r an very much obliged. I am 
writing Mr. Underwuod by same mail. 

Very truly yours, 
CHM:MG . ^ 

Retake of Preceding Frame 



January 16, 19E2 

Mr. IBilliam I^an UnderwDod, 
Belmont. Uas8« 

Hf dear Kr. Underwood: 

I am indebted to you for a copy of your delightful 
book entitled *Wild Brother^ just receired from your publishers 
I spent last evening in reading it. and completed the job fti 
OM sittings although 1 confess it kept me up lfit*»r than my 
usual bed hour* 

fhe book ia not only entertaining but contains 
8 surprisingly l^rge amount of original truFtiK)rthy ob- 
servations on the habits of young Blpck Beers, and there- 
fore is of special interest to me. In case T Iit?^ long 
enouRh to complete my work on the Black Beer group. I shall 
ask for the priviloge of quoting certain paragraphs* 

Tour skill and patience as a photoprar^her smblsd 
you to put on record a most valuable set of piet^ires of the 
little animal at various periods of his derelopimnt. fhs 
toad episo:!e is simply splendid. It is seldca that I hsvs 
found so much enjoyment in a single volume. 

Some years ago you told some of us hert in Washii^tos 
the first part of this story, and I am very P:li!d that J9a Imits 
taken the trouble to record it in permanent form. 

With best mshes. 

Very truly yours. 



January 16, 1922 

Star Doctor Stephens: 

Dorothy and her lively little one are still 
with us, and will be for seme little time tc come. Nearly 
every evening we ait around the fireplace and crack Lake 
County nuts, for which we are indebted to your kindness. 

This is only a line to tell ycu that I am going 
to Baltimore tc Johns Hopkins Hospital today, and expect 
to be operated on tomorrow. 

With love to you all, 

Aa ever yours, 

Dr. !• Barclay Stephens, 
1250 Bay Street 

Alameda, Calif. 



^mmrj 16, 19E2 

^^* ^m^^^ lyRsn UndernDod, 
Belmont, Uas8« 

Mj dear Mr. Underwood: 

I am indebted to you for a copy of your delightful 
book entitled 'Wild Brother' just raceiTed fro., your publiahers 
I spent last evening in reading it. and completed the Job at 
one sitting, although I confess it Vept me up l«t.r than .7 
usual bed hour. 

the booV ia not only entertaining but contains 
« nnrprisinglj l.rge aocunt of original trurtwrthj ob- 
servations on the hphits of young BIpcV Bear^. and there- 
fore ia of special interest to me. In I li^e long 
•no,igh to complete my worV on the Black Bear grcup. I shall 
aak for the privlloge of quoting certain peragrafhs. 

Tour aHl.l and patience as a photopmr^her smibled 
jou to put on record a moat valuable set of picVorw .f the 
little aiimal at various periods of his derel optnen t. A* 
toad episode is simply splendid. It is aeLicm that I hsT. 
found so much enjoyment in a single volume. 

Some years ago you told some of us here in «OTliii«toD 
the first part of this story, and I am vsxr «aad thit you hare 
taken the trouble to record it in peraanent for.. 

With best wishes, 


Very truly yours. 



January 16, 1922 

Dsar Doctor Stephens: 

Dorothy and her lively little one are still 
with TW, and will be for seme little time tc come. Nearly 
every evening we ait around the fireplace and crack Lake 
County nuts, for *ich we are indebted to your kir^nesa. 

This is only a line to tell ycu that I an going 
to Baltimore to Johns Hopkins Hospital today, and expect 
to be operated on tomorrow. 

With love to you all. 

As ever yours, 

tA ift ■. 

^' ',* JS^°l87 Stephens, 
1250 Bay Street 

Alaneda. Oalif, 


January 16, 1922 

Dear Mr, Adams; 

I wish to thank you for your promptness. 

in sending me the statement of the disbursements 
under the Harrlman Puni for the ynar 1921 just received. 

ith best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 

Mr. W. I. Adar!S, Accountant, 
Smithsonian Institution, 
Washifgton, D. G* 



* »i^; 





(■ '-■■■ 

?e\>r\ifi ry 14 , 19L2 

Mr. 1. I. Adans, Accourtarit. 
Smithsonian Institution, 
Washington, i). o. 

Deer Kr. Adams; 

Herewith I am transmit ting ny a^cc-ont for 

the month of Jcnuerjr. anountinp to ^66.91. and 
vouchers as per accompanying, liet. ^ich I shall be 
obliged if you will kindly pay as usual from the Harrimcn 


Should have sent in this aoccunt earlier but 

for the fact thafl have been confined for about a month 
in Johns Hopkins Hospital. Baltimore, ^ere I was operated 

on for hernia. 

Very truly yours. 

Library Bureau, 1,000 cards 

Lowdemilk^His t.opanish 
teriod in California 

Yavmian oc Srbe, 2 steel 
vertical file-cases 

Z. Merrinm, Services Asst. 







C. Hart Merriam, 

1S19 Sixteenth Street. Washir^ton, D, C. 

Sub voucher 


«J anusry 



^^^^^^^ittman, Hart ley, Manitoba, 3 photos locket 

Yawm&n (i 2rbe, file -case guides 
omith iock Co., Cincinnati, Books 
x^xpressaee on above books from Cincinnati 
janos kills Article on Grizzly Bears 
^elson Kent, enlarged photo Aleske Bear skull 
Jonss Bros. Denver. 3 sets Bear teeth for 
dummy skulls 

^D^f^'"^^^i^'^^ *^o Periodicals for 1922: 
xJullo R.Y. Zoological 3oc. 
Booneville Herald 
Hod <x (jun in Canada 
Field oc Stream 
Biolofjical Soc. Proceedings 
Journal Wash. Academy Sciences 

Stamps uc stamped envelopes 

Charvtoman cleaning office rooms $5; waxing 

^^^^i"" '-'^^^fnt Dec. 21.192J,to Jan. 21, 1922. 
«14.o0, one-third 


6 00 

2 45 

18 27 

1 15 

2 00 

4 50 

1 50 

2 00 
2 00 

2 50 

3 00 
5 00 

1 28 


10 00 


4 86 

66 91 


— Nin'^ty-one-- 






Ffibniery 14, 19ii2 

Dr. John ii. Clarke, 
State Uupeum, 

Albany, N. Y. 

Deer Doctor Clarke: 

Have just received a notice of the publication 
of your Biography of Janes Hall, a copy of ^ich I am 
anxious to possess. My check for $3,'^0 in payment is 
enclosed herewith, and I shall be greatly obliged if 
you will kindly have a copy sent to me at the above 


Very truly yours , 




Pebrjary 14, 19£2 

Prof. John D. Detwiler 
western University, 
London, Cf^nada. 

Itear Professor Detwiler: 

lour inquiiy cxmceming my articles artl maps 
on Life Zones reache. ^ on .y return from Johns Hopkins 
Hospital, /m ,lad to know that you are interested in the 
Object, and take pleasure in seoii.^ you here^th sone of 
■y later publications and m^s on the subject. 

Veiy truly yours . 



Pebrueiy 14, 19^2 

Deer Arch -: Anr^ie: 

On returning from Johne Hopkins Uoepitel after 
about a month of solitflTy enjoyment, interrupted bj tan- 
talizing visits frcm the several meF^erf of the family, 
I fir^ mother box of delicious OaUfornia fips awaiting 
attention. It was nighty ^ocd of you both to think of 
this e.Hiticnal rliverpion. and m have already tackled the 
job of redusir^ than to first principles. 

I appear to be gettir^ on rery well, and hope 
to "be in better condition than for several years past. I 
wap f^lit open liberally on both aides, and had a nunfcer of 
things done .*ich I may tell you more or lesa about later. 

But it i? if^ood to be home ap.ain in the boso* of 
one's fmily, and vdth an active little frrand-dauchter to 
keep one's aind ooJupied between tiines. 

Glad to kno.« that /.«;ie has reached the pinnacle 
with abalone steaks and apple pies. This may get you both 

into difficulty Itter on.! 

By roenon of the hospital episode I missed actire 
participation in tlie theater diseeter and the big snow-stom 

With love to you both from us all. 

As ever, 

Mr, 0. Mrs. Arch. U. Gilbert. 
Mill Valley, Calif. 

C-s. ^rV^tj*-^ 



i M 



Pebruani X5, 1922 

Dr. John P. liarringtcn. 
Pleasantcn, Celif. 

Dear Doctor Harrington: 

My dai^hter "erieida wrote you I believe that I was 
laid up in Johns Hopkins Hospital at Baltimore 'v\hen your 
lfi?t letters arrived. This tifae I was operated on on both 
sides, and as the operations v.'erc rather severe, was obliged 
to remain in bed for nea--ly a month. I am now home again 
prid doing well; and the outlook is that in a few months I 
shall be stronger than for '='everpl y^ars past. 

Your letters v/ere most interesting and most <.7olcome. 
but I share your sadness in learning that poor Josefa is too 
feeble to be interviewed. At the same time, I am \yondering 
if during, some of her better days she could not answer a few 
simple questions. It 'v^'ould be :vorth .iiile to verify (unless 
you have already verified this) the statement that tjcomontwasji 
is the naiT^. of her tribe; Mut^sum tlie name of the old village 

at 3an Juan. 

■ You speak of Josefa's home as "a few blocks north 
of the center cf tc;^..'* ais m^jst mean one of two things: 
either that she has moved or that the to'jvn as grown almost 
unbelievably since tiie time of my visit sc^.e years ago. 

Ko, I did not get a photograph of her. 1 had hoped 
to find a "punish -peakin.^ interpreter to go back with me, but 
failing in this did uot go again. I ii<^ . however, take 
several negatives of the old iiiLoiaoiilHkdl '''cman at San Juan. 





-'.r.H 2, 

But 55he was of a dif f*.>.«r,f ♦. 

"•45"t-3top m should eive « foj,.! 

^" give a fairly good result. 

A few years ago there were a few InHir. 
livin*. pf -„ * ^ Indian -.vomen still 

^x uz. iney miPht be "jrrfK t i • 

think you l^ve already inf • / "^ '°"* ^ 

e already interviewed those at Monterey. 

lou certainly have been most patient rrd faithf, i 
in working with Mrs. Noble .r^ t ,, faithful 

fun treasure-house o n, • '"^" '''^''' ' 

t^ trouble d "'°^^*^°" ^--h surely is worth all 

, *^"^1« «nd cost; but you did not say whether or nnf 
stopped to <:ee Mr-o m * ^necner or not you 

PP .Be Lrs. tlontpomery on the way out. If you did f 

I an sure i t i»i n ^ '^ "^" ^'Ct , 

Gxwaj^s agree on evervthinn -ifv>^ u 
rule i-h^^ 1 r ^^J^^ning, although as a 

-- 1: :::1m:: "°"'^°"^^^ -^-^'-^^ --- - 

- =- ^M «ot ,„ 3t : i: ::r:r'^- - 

- ■ think I told ,ou. is th. k.„t Of th. 2 '"""• 

j-t as H., .or. ValU, is the V^n ofj ^ """"^' 

'' i^ P-^aUe «,-,t ... McKa, I tl .^^ '""'°^^- 

Hyajpom after the Hay fork Jfessao-, kno™ « . 

*®» Knov/g 8 good many 



J. P.M. —3. 




Sh£mmi2. wordp. hut hhe Bush, -vhor you will of course inter7i.-v, 
knows far more. ;ibe Bu?h ^ill tell jou a Fomewh£:t r^iffcront 
story thon the one you received from L'r?. Noble con^erninp his 
ancestry and the headcjuortere of the tribe. 

In a few dnys I will see vvhat cnn be ;1one about copying. 
the tw photographs you -.vere kind enough to enclose, rnd .vill 
then return the print? po thct you nay niva them back to iurs. 
Ilailey. I have Kj^self taken several photos of Ironsides Mountain, 
but none of them are .vholly satisfactory, as the point" from 
.'iich ^hey were taken were toII selected. 

I now plcn to reach Lapunitas not Icter than the 
middle of April, possibly earlier, and shall of course be clad 
to identify your plants whenever you wish to send ther! on. 

Thanks for your lest poem. I al\7ayB enjoy there, 
although I don't always catch the full neaninp of evnr^ verse. 

Hoping that you nay still get scfiiethln/^ fron: Jcsefa, 
rnd that you may fir^ a treasure or tvn still livinf, at Srnla 
Cruz or Llont erey, and th best wishes. 

Very truly yoTirs, 

February 15, 1922 

i>8ar i)octor Coville: 

TLanKs for your memorandun, of the 9th inn 
^th accompanying note (received in th • • 

from S P ^,l ^ • ^'^ 'nornir^'s mail) 

Aroro ^>. J., Blake in rePf^y-A f,^ «.u ^ 
^ m ^ ^ *'^° fragment of Suonvmr., 

from Trinity Hiver Cpiif« • r ^^^^iSHjm^ 

hf^ fir.A ^ P-^*° to see that 

ae finds no reason fir ^,-^f • . 

for differing ,,rith me in callinr it 

With best wishes, 

Very truly yours. 


A V. Coville, 
3ur - - • - » 

^""H °f ^'^i"f industry. 
Dept. of Agricultu/e 

♦ ">1 



Febnicry 15, 1922 

clj lear Deane: ^ 

You were r.ost kind to write ne the moment you 

learned thet I '.vrs in the hcspitel fit ?sltiraore. and I 

should have replied at once but for the fact thpt I .v*..s 

Eot able to -^rite. Ky core waf rather severe, and I w^f? 

opened up rather freely on both rides, so thtt it «a? 

necessai^ tc rsnain in bed about a nonth. I am no« home. 

and «mi.ble to mlk c.bout fairly cxrr.fcrtably. and hope to 

"be Tvell on my feet in a short lire. 

But I v/pg shocked to learn that Urs. ^eanc ted 
uixiercone v. similar operation with only a local anesthetic. 
1 underwent an operation of this kinr3 last year without 
ether. a«i hope never to go thrcugh ?uoh an ordeal again. 
The ?hock to the -jshcle systeru is altogether too great, 
apart from the unnecessary acony -Thicb is so prolonf^^el in 

operations cf thij' Vind. 

Our da'4:hlcr Dorothy v/ith her little Beth. 4} 
years old, is with us just now. Mrs. L'errian-, thinks that 
fvpre never Tvas another such ernndchill. in y.;ich it culd 
be difficult to say that she differs from most othar Wond- 


We had a very busy ahd very succss^fal lifad 
season in California last year. tr.rc]ir.g ^'orr. 4,000 mile. 
In the automotile «nd cr^.pin., alonr, the road. 3ovor.l of our 


h.D.— :j. 

trips lay through the new coast hi^hv/ay, which traverses 
the map.nificent redwood forests. Wish vou and iZrs 
Deane could join up on ono of the^e ?!plondid trips. 

My present plan is to go to Scuthern Cclifornia 
about a -onth frcn now and tc woric north-vard so as to re^ch 
our place at Lagunita.^ about the middle of April. This 
should enable me tc finish a lot of field TOrk no^ nine- 
tenthn done. 

V/ith best 'dishes to jou both from all of us. 

As ever yours, 

lur. Ruthven Deane» 

11^ W- Moms Street, 
Ghicap^o, 111. 

1 M 





February 15. 1922 

' II 


Dear Kin oloane: 

T, -I A ;o n latter frcm the postmaster 

Uaneral notlfjins - *»t I. «• Morgan has )>e.n 
aesignated a ^*er of tho O^e-P"- ^--^ "" l^^"" 
of 0. 5. Ills»orth. transferred. 

K, operations at Johns Hopkins Hospital wre 
so™*at »ore se,.re *- anticipated, as a reauU of 

' f ;r\«fl nearly a month. I ««" now 
which I WES Kept m bed nearj./ 

y,^, a,ain and doine »ell. though not „t7 H^U- 
But e-xpeot to l.e on hand at t!.e next r^ating. 

With "beBt wishes , 

Very truly yours, 






Sloene, Secretary, 
Geographic Board, 
Vi'ashineton, o. o. 


FebruaT7 1*> , 1922 

Dear Joe tor Nelson: 

Prof. 2dwin 0* 3tarks of Stfanford University 
writes me tc eek if he can obtain a photop^reph of the 
skull of the Southern ?ur-scal ArglCQgphelag-AojmLciicii 
which I described from Guadalupe Island. Many years ago 
I hcd the skull of the type phctcpraphed, top and bottom 
views, doubtlesr on a 5 x 7 rlass nerative. The skull 
is Ko. 83617 and the number shoves on the negative o^ 
the under side of the skull. 

Will you kin-^ly hrve a pair of prints made 
from those negatives ani?. send thorn to Irof. K. C 
otarks, 3tenford University. 

Very tnly yours. 

Dr. 2. M. Ilelson^ • 

U.3* Biclonical 3urvey, 
Ifeshington, D. G. 

*» .A«» 


i;e"bru8ry 15, 1^22 

Frof. 2d win C. Starks, 

Stanford University, 

Dear Dcctcr otarks: 


Your letter of the Crd inst. is before it, 
and I cm pled'to know you are at Aork on iraiine 
mammal s . 

I quite agre^ ^vith you t'lat thf? fu'-.^al formerly 
visiting the Santa Barbara Islands is inch no j* likely to 
^e ^ctocephal^? th^n C^llorhinqs_, bu- em by .\o means so 
sure of those from the Parallones. 

In locking.' over my photoprapb' of seal s^^^is 
I find that I .ted. the skull of the tyf^ specimr^n of my 
Arotocephqlf^o townPfinll r^^^^^r^ropHd (Skull Kc» 83617, 
Nation8]ii,e?J"!--^-^^, U*3. Biolopiesl Survey^. Unfortunately 
it lacks tfte teeth. I ai vriti.^, lir. lelson. Chief of the 
Biological Survey, by thfc mail eskir^ him to bave prints 
of the two Tiews, top aid bot'ii:om, made for you. .^is he 
will doubtless do at ai earj^ date. I have no fi^e view 
unfortunately. It najbe ihct either the Natif^'nal iluseum 
or the ilmerican Ibjsem could do better with .^me of the 
South American species, lut I thcucht you ^'uld much profer 
thc^ Cclifomia species. 

I an just bad- from Johns Hopkir-S Hospital *€re 
enjoyii^^ «^»^t: « mnn th^q rest after operauiog^ 
for double hernia. 

^ X an just oaok i rum tjviui^ uu^a.x-'-- j^^-r — 

i have been enjoying about a month ^s resi after op 

with best wishes to yourself and Mrs. Staxts^e 

va1^« mj 

Tery truly youi^ , .^ .^ 






Febraary 17. 1922 


Hon. Samuel 2. Iliciiolson, 
U.S. Senate, 

V/ashington, D. 0. 

My dear 3ir: 

Your letter of the 14th inst. relatifig 

to the name Mount Ussslve in Colorado i?^ at hand, 

but the enclosure of whidi jou speak from the 

Leadville Chamber of Conimerce has not jet arrived 

Very truly yours. 


Chairman » IJ-S. Geographic B^: »^d 




j II 







PebruaT7 21. 1922 

Mr. Gilbert GrosTenor, President 
National Geographic Society, 
Washington. D. C. 

l>ear Mr. Grosrenor: 

Mr*. Florence Johnson, 1700 Eleventh Streat, 
has 3»t handed me the enclosed $3. with the request 
that I transmit to the Society in payment of her dues 
and BBgazine for the current year, as per accompenying 


Tery tmlj yours. 



February 21. 1922 

Editor, ., . T 1 

Canadian Alpine Journal, 

Banff, Alberta. 

Dear 31 r: 

I tare recently eeen a notice of an article 

by Williaft Spreadborouf^ in the Canadian Alpine 
Journal, Vol. 10. 1919. pages 51-68. !• it possible 
to obtain the number containing this article? If so. 
I shaU be exceedingly obliged if you »ill kindly 
send me a copy with bill for sa«e. 

Very truly yours* 

CUM:MG '^- 

24 G 


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Fabraarj 23> 1^^ 

Mr. B. R* larren. 

1511 mood Arenae,. 

Colorado Springs, 

Dear Mr. Warren: 

Many thanks for jour kindneaa in sending me 
. copy of your recent pi^er on tell M—al. of Colorado', 
irtiioh contains as would be expected wxch matter of 

interest to bb. 

I notice in your bibliography of tedinieal 

papers that you refer to publications by eight of .y 
foraer assistants but to none of ay owi papers. I am 
wotriering if you did not receire all of these as issued. 
In any case I am sending you s fes by this aail. 

Tour recort of fifiOfipakJUL for Colorado is 

Bost interesting. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 

-• > 











Pebroary 27. 1922 

CrockBr National Bank, 

San Pranciflco, Calif. 

Dear Sir: 

Hereidth 1 am enclosing check on the 

National Metropolitan Bank of this city for $100. 
which I shall be obliged if you will credit to 
nj acoount* 



Very truly yours, 



Fabnsxj 27, 1922 

Mr. Poiq)eo Martinelli, 
lagunitaa. Calif. 
Daar Mr. Martinelli: 

Thanka for your letter of ?ebrqiiT 20, fte 
ara rery glad to laam the nam fro. Lagunitaa. and 
glad that you cut the treea «hioh f^ll aeroaa our read. 

!• ywi do not say anything about water-pipea. 
I •■ hoping that none of Mine were broken by the cold 
•Mther. It mat hare aaeBed fltrange to fiiid the grotBd 
oorored with tnow at lagnal^ai. 

1 aa getting on finely, ud hope to readi 
I-gunitaa at least a couple of .oBths earlier than usual< 

With best Mshes to you all ttxm aU of us, 

Vei7 truly jours, 
aiM:MG • 






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Pebruarj 23. 1922 


Mr. Prank Wooro, 

96 St. Peters Street. 
Derby, Sigland. 

Dear Sir: 

Thanks for your Catalogue No. 16 of Pine Bocks. 

If they have not been sold, will be glad to purchase 

the following at the prices aentioned: 

567. R. M. Ballantyne. Hudson's Bay. or 

Everyday Life in the Wilds of Horth America. 3s 6<i 

590. Washington Irring. Tour on the Prairies. Gs 6d 

Kindly send with bill to 1919 Sixteenth Street, 
Washirgton, D, C. 


Very truly yours. 




Pebn»ry 28, 1922 


Mr. Willian J. Gerhard. 

563 North 20th Street 
Philadelphia, Pa.* 

Dear Sir: 

Thanks for your Catalogue No. 68 of 
Books on natural History. It they ha^e not been 
sold, please send me the following; 

165. Cooper. J. G. fauna of Montana Territory 
296. Blanford. i. T.. Note on Asiatic Bears. 1877 



r- -1-1 * ^^-^^ 

Kindly forward books^to 1919 Sixteenth Street, 

Washington, D. C. 

f^£^lf'stat;s!*'l?§5^P^^^*» '^^^ 

S^i?ity'^°°^'"'* "^^^^® °^ ° ^^^^ in 
Godaan, J. D., Note en genus Condylura, 1825 
Howell, A. H., Generic names N.Aner. Skunks 

Very truly yours. 




• 35 



March 1. 1922 

Ihrah 1. 1922 

Cincinnati. Ohio. 

Dear Sirs: 

ThankB for your Bulletin No. 4. Americana and 

General Literature, fro. ihioh I should like to purchase 
the following: 

Toland. M. B- M., Tisayac of the YosemlteaeSO 
Please send books with bill to 1919 
Sixteenth Street, lashington, D- C. 

Very truly yours ♦ 

CUM;liG ^ ' 


Mr* K» R. Bobinson, 

410 BiTer Street, 
Troj» li« !• 

Daar Sir: 

Thanks for your Catalogue Wo. 23, from #iioh 

1 should like to purchase the following prorided tha 

maps include the state of California. 

1292. Colton^s Western Tour 
Guide, 1840 (with rmp 
Samet 1354 (with map 
Sana, 1857 (with oiep 

Please send with bill to 1919 Sixteentk 

Street, iaahiqgton, D. 0. 


Tary truly yours. 





A«il«r ••••^ 

March 2, 1922 
Prof. Asa M. i^'airfield, 

Sussnrille, Calif. 

My dear Sir: 

Thanks for your letters of January 18 and Februatj 7. 
Replying to your inquiry, the StithsoniaB Imrtitntion has a 
scientific library,and the Bureau of Ethnology under the 
Smithsonian has a special library on anthropology and ethnology. 
The Director is Dr. J. Walter i^ewkes. Your 'iilstory of Laa.en 
County* contains matter of interest to ethnologists, and I 
think they would be glad to hare it. 

Eef erring to the matter of the Bennok Indiaa, tha 
question which naturally arise, is ho. did early pioneew of 
Honey Lake Valley know the Indies of *«» they speak were 
Bannok? Bancroft's Native Races is an exasperating mixture of 
truth and error, and state«,ts in it concerning th. territorial 
limits of the Tarious tribes are worthies, nnlea. bectod up by 
reliable authority. 

Is there any evidence to show that the Indians who 
stole John L. Crow's horsea in 1868 and retreated to Stew 
itountains (or beyond) were Bannok? 

As to the Washo: the Washo did not nacb talker Lake, 
which wa^ in enemy territory. Walker Lake and the range west' 
of Walker I^ke belonging to the Piute. Long Valley south of 

Honey Lake was Washo territory. The country east of Lo.« 7alle, 


It is a gr»,t pity that Hoop's records hare disappeared. 
The wprd Halawa I hare n%t found nong my MS vocabularies of 
the region, although I have no\ .ade a complete search. But I 
an wondering if it could not be an error for Ho toko ig . the name 
of the tribe a little west of SusanvilXe. 

In your last letter you say thai ."Diggei^ Indian 
from Plumas County gives you the meanii^ of tlie wort as Poison 
Oak. This Indian, if not an intruder from some other region^ 
must have been a member of the Notdlroip tribe. The word for 
P«i«oo Oak in this lan^iage is wholly different. 

Incidentally, I am wondering why you applied the 
meaainglesa term 'Digger* to these Indians. Early fur traders 
applied the name 'Digger' to the Sheep-eater Shoahones of 
Idaho ani also to warious bands of Shoahones and Piute in 
lerada. 1 little later the tern came into rather general use 
for something like a hundred different tribes in the state of 
California, wiOi the natural result that it is utterly meaningless, 

This letter is not intended as a criticism of you or 
your book, but merely a general protest against unauthenticated 
stat«»nt8 coDoerning Indians. 

With best wimhee. 


Very truly yours. 



Merch 2, 1922 

Mr* 3* N> Bhottdfl. 

franklin Bookshop. 

920 lelnat Streot, ^ 
Philadelphia. Pa. 

Doar Mr. Bhoada: 

fhaidB for your Catalogne No. 41 recaived a 

alrecdj aold, kindlj aond ae 

fov daj8 ago. 


48* RelsoB. larger and Snller Ma— i ls of North 
Aaerica. .75 and .66 

1306. ihbot Thajer, Proteotite Coloration 
1701 Stephens . Ijnz Hmt ing in Maine 

aoiiplaient T: Cope « Mercer. Tertehrate Be«ain8 froai 

Port Kennedy Bone Deposits 

Yery traly yours. 








M roh 2. 1922 

Mr. Daniel H. Mevhall 
154 Nassaa Street. 
lew York City. 


nBBkB for Book List ia6. Proa this please 
•md ae with bill, if not already aold, 
46. Dellenbaac^. A Canyon Toyage 
142. Prias. iround the World. Sketches of Trarel 

Tery truly yours. 


1^n*->^'* V 









March 2. 1922 

Dr. Witner Stone. 

Acadewjr of ScienceB, 
Philadelphia. Pa. 

Dear Doctor Stone: 

Your circular letter addressed to the Council of 

the A.O.U. . and dated yesterday, March 1, is at hand. 

In respect to the proposition from B. U. Porbnsh, 
of which you ask my opinion, iwuld say that I strwigly oppose 
the puhlication of the matter referred to in the »luk». I 
think the A.0.0. cannot afford to hare anything to do with 
the proposed new jouinal. It already has the 'Auk*, the 
authoritatire technical ornithological journal of America. 

West Coast ornithology seems to be well prorided 
for by the ♦Condor* , and popular ornithology for the country 
at large by 'Bird-Lore*. 

The proposed new journal, it seems to me, cannot 
become in any way a riral of the 'Auk', but if sucoessful 
might be co»idered a competitor to 'Bird-Lore'. At all 
erents I should let it take its own course. 


Very truly yours. 


I .' 



March 2. 1922 

Mr. U. P. Stfinford, 

Dear Mr. Stanford: 

Thanks for your letter of February 25 just 
raceiTed. I am glad to know that the bear teeth sent yon 
by Jonaa Bro«. reached yon all ri^t and proved satisfactory. 

Thanks for the information about the former 
range of Grizzlies in the Flathead Lake conntiy; also fcr 
the infornation jou hare giten ne on the deer-killing habita 
of the Cojote. Thie is aad but interesting. 

I m glad to know that joa vill keep on the 
lookout for the skull of an old male Grizslj fron your 
region* It seens strange that skolls of old males should 
be so rery hard to get, shile sereral hare oone to hand of 
fepales and young iiales. 

tfa best wishes » 


Vex7 tmly yours. 



March 4, 1922 

Mr. W. I. Adams, Accountant, 
Smithaonian Inatitation, 
Washington, D. U. 

Dear Mr. Adane: 

Herewith I am enclosing my expense account 
for February amounting to $22.27, nhich I shall be 
obliged if you will pay as usual from the Harriman Fund. 

Very truly yours. 



C. Hart Herri an 

1919 Sixteenth Street. Waehii^ton, D. C 



10 Humboldt's Bssay on New Spain* [=Calif,& Mexico] 

U Clark's 'Life of James Hall' 


Beam typewriter paper 

Subscription to 'Wassaja' 2 years 

Canadian Forestry Magazine 

Charwoman, Cleaning Office Rooms, February 

Postage and enr elopes 

Electric Current, Jan. 21 to Feb. 21, 1922. 
$14.20, one-third 

•Twenty- two- 




1 50 

3 70 

1 85 

2 00 
2 00 
5 00 
1 62 

4 70 


22 27 


March 4. 1922 

Dr. H. Hollister. Sditor. 
Journal of MaMwlogjr. 
Washington, D. C. 

Jhar Uollister: 

I find that 1 hare no copies of a couple of notes 
published in the Journal, namely: 

Peath of Jaaea Maooiin> Tol. I, No. 4. 167, August 1920 

u 4, 239, NoreBDer lyzl* 
I shall be greatly obliged if you will kindly 
send me these Cproof sheets would answer] in order that I 
may complete my personal bibliographic file—for I think 
you will agree with me that it is a duty we owe our families 
to keep a set of our published writings, howsTer tririal* 

My absence in California at the time of issue of 
most of the numbers of the Journal of Mammalogy, and pressure 
of acciBnulated work on my return, must account for my delay in 
m&king this request. 

With best wishes. 


Very truly yours. 








ibrch 4, 1922 

New York City. =^ ^6- W^rrJ^^Sr.l 
Dear Mr. Dellenbaugh: 

paper by yon entitled 'Travelers and Explorere 1846 

een a.l. to get hold of it through the usual channel.. 
I - therefore emboldened to aak you. if you ^r. copia. 

at your disposal, to kinily send m ««• .,-fi. 

^ . "^ ■* °"** 'ith aeaoraadta* of 

price, and I will remit at once. 

With best wishes. 


Very tiuly youra. 



larch 9, 1922 
Hon. Chas. H. Burke 
Commissioner, Indian Affairs 
Washington, D. C. 

Dear Sir: 

Will you kindly gire me the locations of the following 
Indian Schools or Agencies in California. Nerada and Dtah? 

In California: 

HDigper Agency- 

In Nevada : 

NeTadjB School 

Westeriv Shoshone School 

In Utah: 

Qoshttte Amncy 
SiiTwitts School 

Do you not think it unfortunate that tte Indian Office 
should stand for the name "Digger^ as applied to a tribe of 
Indians? You are doubtless aware that in popular usage and in 
the literature this name has been applied to dozens of tribes 
belonging to different linguistic stocks in Idaho, Oregon 
Nevada and California. It is not only utterly meaningless but 
18 regarded by Indians as a term of conUmpt. Why should we 
continue to humiliate them by officially binding a respectable 
tribe with this deprecatory name? The name of the tribe so 
designated in the Indian Office Reports is Mewuk, Is th^re any 
good reason why they should not be so design. ted? 

If not too much trouble, will you kindly swd m a list 

• vii 



"t th. looatioB. rf th. .„u tr«t-. k 'i„'d th.t h.„ k.„ 

past few years? 

1 a» gl.(i to not, fro. j«„r r.port for 1921 tl»t it i. 
«p.ct.d th.t »rk on .h. md fro. doop. .„ ,.,„, ^ ^^^,.d during th. pr...„t „„. Tbi. ,iu h.lp k.,k i„. 

d... «,d «hito, „„ , oo.i<..r=H. .r.a of rath.r i„oc„.- 
lole twritory, 

Very truly yours. 

P. 3. I have a copy of your report for 1921 for office use 
hen, m Washington but M,uld be thankful for another copy to 
take with me to California. 



March 9. 1922 

Col. H. C. Rizer 

U. 3. Geological Survey 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Colonel Rizer: 

I shall be greatly obliged if you will kindly send ma for 
official use. thre^ copies each of the following map sheets of 
parts of California: 

Cape San Martin 
Gilroy Hot Springs 
Ni porno 
Also two copies each of the following: 

Bonita Ranch 
Santa Rita 
Howard Ranch 
Los Banos 


Also one copy each of 



Pachaco Pass 
Also one copy each of the Desert Map, covering the Mohave and 
Colorado Deserts; 1 ^.:, 

Very truly yours. 



March 9, 1922 

Mr. James rt. McGuire 
Coast i Cieodetic Survey 
i»asttnngton, D.C, ^ 

Dear Mr. McGuire; 

Tbadcs for the oalalog of CoMt 3ur„y Charts you were 
good »ough to ,.„d „. ,„ i,„H,« it over I fi^ .^ t the 
Charts Of Oalifomis *ich I should be glad to have in c„„. 
ne^tion with the Indian na»es of iooalitie, and 
are the large scale ones endinfi in -E." frc 5102 to 6702 in 
01- ya. I, ,ou .ill H^l, send » these. , shall be ,reat. 
ly obliged. ^ 

Very truly yours. 



- i 


March 9, 1922 

Mr. Will C. Barnes 
Forest Serrice 
Washii^ton, D. C« 

Dear Mr. Barnes: 

Very many thsnks for yoar letter of the 16th containing a 
splendid account of the Big Bears encountered hy the Forest 
Service Field Men in the recent past. This gives me just what 
I have been hoping for and I am greatly obliged both to yon ecd 
to the Rangers and others lAo have taken the trouble to collect 
so much useful information. 

There is one curioua fi^re which seems to need explana- 
tion. On page 6, under the Shoshone Forest in Wyoming, 226 
Grisaly Bears are enumerated for the year 1920J 

In looking up the locations of tbe National Forests for 
Colorado, I find I have no map of Colorado showing their positions 

With appreciative thanks for this meaty report » 

Very truly yours. 














^ . _ 


March 9, 1922 

Dr. Charles D. Waloott 

Secretary, Smithsonian Institution 

Washii^ton, D« C. 

Dear Doctor Walcott: 

Could you send ne a copy of the Smithsonian Report Sep- 
arate Ho. 1153 by Abbott Thayer~Law of Protective Coloration? 

Also, if still on hand for distribution, copies of the 
following articles published in the Smithsonian Annual Reports 
for the years msntioned: 
Feilner,'John - Rxplor. in Upper California in I860* 1864* 

Rau, Charles - Lower California Indians. 1864. 

Simpson. J. H. - Coronado^s March. 


Gibbs, Geo. - Language of Aboriginal Indians. 1870. 

Swan, Jaaes G. - Indians of Cape Flattery. 


Peale, T. R. - Uses of Brain & Marrow Among Indians. 1870. 
Kind, W. M. - Burial Indian Squaw, San Bernardino Co. 1874. 
Bowers, Stephen • Santa Rosa Island. 1877. 

Brackett, A. G. - Shoshonis. 


Very truly you is , 




March 9, 1922 

226 West 78th St. ^^ 

New York City 

My dear Mr. Dellenbaugh: 

Very many thanks for jour letter of the 6th inst. and 
for your kindness in sending .e a copy of yoar important and 
useful paper entitled, ''Tr.^ellers and Explorers 1846-1900." 
which has just arrived. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yoara , 




March 9, 1922 

Dr. George Birf Grinnell 
238 East 15th St. 
Hew York City 

Dear Grinnell: 

In 1913 a nan named W. A. Allen (appar»ntly 
a dentist) published a small book entitled "The Sheep Baters.- 
The people he tells about appear to be \iountain trows and I 
am wondering if his book has anything whaterer to do with the 
real Shoshonean dhetp-Saters. Do you happen to know anything 
about this? 

I am hoping to get off for California within 
ton days. With best wishes to you and Mrs. Grinnell, 

As ever yours , 

<- v.. 





March 9, 1922 

March 9, 1922 


Mr. Val A. Fynn 

4964 Lindeir Boulevard 

St. Louis, Mo. 

Dear Sir: 

Your letter of the 6th inst. is at hand. I have not 
seen jour letter to Dr. C. D. Kfalcott to which you refer and 
therefore am somewhat in the dark as to your plans in raspect 
to hunting Big Bears in Alaska. I do not know whether you 
hare alrnady outlined a trip or whether you wish ne to suggest 
parts of Alaska from which specimens of Big Bears are partic- 
ularly needed. 

While we are always glad to receire speciaens from any 
part of AUska, we are particularly anxious to obtain spec- 
imens from the coast region of southeastern Alaska from Port- 
land Canal northerly to Yakutat Bay including of course the 
i-airweather Alpsjaid still farther north we need more material 
from the Prince Willian Sound region including Hinchinbrook 
Island; and there are many parts of the interior from which 
specimens are badly needed. 

Directions for the preparation and shipment of speoimsns 
are inclosed Herewith. 

The matter of permits is generally arriEged through 
Dr. S, W. Nelson, Chief of the Biological Surrey. 

Very tnily yoars , 




Mrs. ludwic Baker 
308 SchoolTlouse Lane 
Gemma town. Pa. 

Mly dear Mrs. Baker; 

Replying to your letter of th* 6th inst. just wceired 
I regret to say that I do not know of anyone who would be 
likely to purchase your Library of Amaricana. As a rule 
■oat of us i«io are interested in Americana from the histor- 
ical «d ethnological standpoints already hara so many works 
on these subjects that additional purchases are confined to 
special gaps. 

Very truly yours, 


March 9, 1922 

Mr, E. R. Warren 
1511 Wood Ave. 
ColoTudo Springs. Colo. 

Dear Mr. Warren: 

Thanks for your letters of ?ebraary 28th and March 3rd. 
I am obliged for your offer of a oopy of Rockwell's Bulletin 
on Squirrels. ChipBunks and Gophers. I do not find it in .y 
files and therefore should be greatly obliged for a copy if 
you find ths duplicate you mention. 

la regard to Conecpatus. my feeling is fBt the 
will be found to hays a continuous rai^e southward fro. the 
locality fn,™ ,*ich AikenUpecimen c««e. Con,tT»tu« is so 
strictly nocturnal tf«t it is usually detected only by the 
well and therefore confused with the .ore comon skunks. 
With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 







March 9, 1922 

ir. Fenley Hunter 

Hunter Illuminated Car Sign Companj 

Flushing, N« Y* 

Hj dear sir: 

Your letter of i^ebruary 3rd was brought to me at 
John Hopkins Hospital and I think was f^^knowledged hj ny 
daughter* I an now able to go to the Museum and shall be 
glad to see you and your bear skulls fron Admiralty Island 
in the near future if this is coorenieDt for you* I am ex- 
pecting to return to California in eight or ten days and 
should hare written you earlier had I felt strong enou^ to 
undertake such a stand-up job in the Museum* 

By this mail I am aending you a complete copy of my pa- 
per on til e Big Bears* 

If you ship specimens in adTence of your coming, please 
address U* S* Biological Surrey. Department of Agriculture, 
Washington, D* C«, with your own name on the outside of the 

With apologies and best wishes, 

Tery truly yours , 




Mar* 9, 1922 

Mr. A. K. Bradlsj 

Dear Sir: 

loor letter asking about literature on the Hatural His- 
tory of Alfiska caae during ay recent con fi none nt in 
John Hopkins Hospital, hence plMse pardon delay in replyir^. 

There is no general work on any of the subjects you 
Bent ion \nt there are manrous scattered papers on birds of 
Alaska and also on the plants and the geology of Mw different 
parts of the territory. For publications on geology you had 
better address the DirBctor, U. S. Geological Surwy. 
■ashington. D. C. , while for titles on plants I would adrise 
writing to Dr. P. 7. CoTille GoTerament Botanist, U. S. i)e- 
partBsnt of Agriculture. 

Papers on birds of yarious parts of Alaska are widely 
scattered, haring been publiAed in the Auk. Condor and other 
ethnological journals. The principal papers fortunately hare 
been published in book fom, nanely: 

Report Unon Hataral History Collections nde in 

^b^^tu^^T^'^^K^y ?^''«'o *• Nelson, published 
*• "'' i2o»^^*^ Service, GoTermaent Printing Of- 
fice, xoB7. 

Birds of Bering Sea apA the Arctic Ocean by E. W. 
cJSiS'ffi iSl! 1883 "* ^^ ^^ ^wnue Iteamer 

Contributions to the Hatural Hiatory of Aleska bj 
L. M. Turner, published by the Si^al Service 1886. 

Report of the Point Barrow Expeditioa|Part 4. 
Kataral History by John Murdoch, 1885. 

ilaska Bird Life by S. W. Nelson, published by tha 
National Association of Audubon Societies, 1914* 

The Harriman Alaska Sxpedition Toluaes, of wlich about a dozen 

hare bean published by the Smithsonian Ins titutioi^ contain 

popular articles on Matural History by John Burroagbs. 

John luir, Charles Keeler and others^ and also one ToluKe 

(Voluae 3) on Glaciers by G. K. Gilbert. The popular matter 

is ccmtained in the ^rratire Yolunas, 1 and 2* 

Very truly youw^ 





March 9, 19ii2 

March 9, 1922 

Mr. S. B. Cappe 
^ar Mr. Capps; 

I hare been at th« KiinAum ,^a w 

ual measurementa. ^ 

I value the skull at i^i fjn » ^ i * 

"^ ♦D.OO, a check for *ich ,111 be 

sent you about the end of the montK * 
amithaonian Inatitution. 

Thanking you for your tn,uble in the m^ter. 

Very truly yours. 




r «• 

Selbv dc Virginia iivea. 
St. Paul, Mfnn. 

Dear Mr. Haynea: 

Replying to your letter of the 4th inst. would say that 

the matter of the names of waterfalls in the Cascade Comer 
of the Park was closed at the last meeting of the Go7ern«ent 
Geographic Board and I assume that the Secretary, 
Charles S. Sloane, has sent you the list of adopted names be- 
fore thia. I trust that these will have reached you in time 
to admit of correcting the names in the proof-sheets of your 
new guide. 

Fifty years ago I visited the Park as Naturalist of the 
Hayden Survey. I had hoped to return this year but fear I 
shall not be able to do so. as my field work in California is 
pressing. With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 



- n 


March 10, 1922 

Hon. Gif ford Pinchot 
1615 Rhode Island Arenue 
Washington, D* C. 

Dear Mr. Pinchot: 

Your letter of January 16th inquiring about the Rose 
Magnolia tree near my house arrired during my stay in 
Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore. Since my return I hare 
tried to get you on the phone without success— hence this 

The tree in question belongs to Mrs. Marcus Baker who 
tells me that she does net care to dispoce of it until efce 
sells her house. She doubts rery much whether the tree would 
stand transplanting. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 


March 10, 1922 

Kr. A. H. Twitchell 
Flat, Alaska 

illy defer sir: 

Your letter of December 7th reached the Biological 
Surrey on January 19 and tos fonrarded to me a short time 


On looking up cur accounts, I find that you are en- 
tirely correct in the oettnr of the Grizzly skull shipped 
ic the sucmer of 1920. This skull was receired in NoTember. 
1920 during ray absence in California and in seme way escaped 
my attention. I value it at $12.00, a check for t»hich will 
be sent you from my account in the Smithsonian Institution 
about the end of the present month. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 


Mr ?enlej Hunter 
Flushing , New York, 
My dear Mr Hunter: 

March 11,1922 

Thanks for your wire and letter of yesterday. 

Wednesday morning will be all right for .e and unless 
hear ,,,„ ,,, ,, ,,^ ^^^^^^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^ -^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ 

Surrey roo«. xn,th. New National Museum (10th St ^ B) at 9-30 

Chan. '1 r.' ''" '' ''"^ '"^ '^^°^"^°^ ''^°'^^' *^- t«^i^ 
chances of delays in transit. 

Very truly yours. 





Uarch 13, 1S22 


March 13 , 1922 

Col. H. C. Rizer 

U. 3« Geological Survey 

Weshington, D. C. 

Dear Colonel Rizer: 

Herewith I am returning the copy of Dellenbaugh'a 
paper entitled, "Travellers and Explorers." Your copy 
was the first I had seen and I was glad to see that it 
contains matter of use in connection with my work* Fail- 
ing to obtain it from the publisher, I wrote Dellenbaugh 
and have just received a copy from him. 

Viith many thanks end best wishes. 

Very truly yours , 



Hon. Chas* D. lifalcott 

Secretary, Smithsonian Institution 

;ifeshington, D. C. 

Dear Doctor Wslcott; 

Many thanks for your letter of the 11th inst. and ac- 
companying articles from early Smithsonian Reports, I am 
very glad to have them, pcrticularly the one by Peilner 
on "Bxplorations in Upper California" published in the 1864 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 



March 13, 1922 

Kr. R. L. Ffirifl 

APsistBTit Director Pnoof ^ n- j * • 

Washington, 5! c! "^ Geodetic Survey 

My deer sir: 

V«ry many thanks for your courtesy in sending «e 
one copy each of California coa«t charts No. 5202- 

5302-54C2-5502-O602-5702, ^ich arrived this „.rnin,. 

and will be of nptprini or.*.^-.-. • 

msT;eria^ service m connection with 

geographic- names along the coast. 

Very truly yourr , 




lirrch 13, 1922 

D«?<>- Mra. P-irsons-. 

Your letter tI thout dv.te arrived in this aorning's 
»il. and I nm glad to know that you are still in Berkeley. 

In ripgard to the proposed auto trip of your friends 
from California easterly, would say tF«it to the best of 
my kEc^iedge and belief, the best route at present is the 
one knoTO as the Santa ?o Trail, going by ^ay of the 
Mohav6 De^-^rt, Needles, Flagstaff, northern Now Mexico, 
eastern C-vlorado, and so on, east. This roule avoids high 
Mount .iin8«-a is pa=i?ablo ii^tor in the fall than the Lin- 
coln m^-my. The Lincoln HighvTay is still under con- 
struction and I under-i'.aDd that 5 good deal of tiork Trill be 
done en it during the present year, necesritating many de- 
tours. However, your fri*,rxis may obtain reliable infornia- 
tion fron. the American Automsbile Association's Office on 
Van Ness Avenue j^ost before starting. The Association 
■Bkps a special point of down-to-date information as to road 
conditions on all of the principal routes. 

On both of our trip« we camped practically the -^hole 
way, stopping at hotels or read houses about once in 5 or 
6 days, if we happened » hit one at the right time. Wo 


'■*!*f '^#WW- 


f«Uld two difficulties with hotels: (l) That it was im 
pos8ib]B to get an early start in the «,ming. (2) That 
we never knew #^,at would happen to the car crer night. 
I waild not apprehend any trouble so far as the 4 
year old boy is concerned, unless he is dependant on fresh 
milk, but I would not undertake the trip later than 

I an, planning to start for southern California about 
the end of the present week, and hope to ipeet Mrs. Merri 
at Lagmitas before the middle of April. 

With best wishes, 

yery truly yours. 


pq'm^"^^^? Randall Parsons 
^y Moss wood Road 

Berkeley, California 

♦ f 


Mfirch 13, 1922 

Mr. Val, A. Pvnn 
4954 Lindell Boulevard 
Seint Louie. Missouri 

My dear Sir: 

Your letter of the 11th inst. has just arrived and I am 
glfid to know your plans more definitely. You arc starting 
full early, hit in case w have an early spring, it is far 
better to be a little beforehand than a little late. 

Wa shall be very thankful for any speciinens you are will- 
iiTg to contribute to our National Collections. The Iskut 
River appeers to be good bear ground^and it is well known 
that Big Bears avd comraon on maiy parts of Admiralty Island 
where several species appear to occur. I would not advise 
hunting on Chichagof and Baranof Islands as we already have 
numerous skulls and some skins frm both of these Islands. 
Both Grizzly and Big i^rown Bears occur on these Islands and 
also in Admiralty laland. More material is badly needed from 
the region between Lynn Canal and the Ocean Coast^ and par- 
ticularly from the Pairweather Alps and the entire coast strip 
between Icy Strait and Yakutat Bay. 

There are still many puzzling problems in connection with 
the species of Alaska Bears and much remains to be learned. 
A few years ago I published a preliminary review of the Big 
Bears, a oo|iy of which I an sending you by this mail. I do 



not think of any other literature on the Coast Bears *ich 
i»ouM be likely to be of senr..e to you in this connection. 
With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 


March 17, 1922 

Prof. Rol)?rt V, Griggs 
National Geographic aociet? 
Washington, tJ. C. 

Deer Professor Griggs: 

Please pardon my delay in acknowledging your letter of 
Janueiy 17 and accompanying box of small mammals collected 
by Professor Hine of your expedition in the neighborhood of 
Katmai. I wss in Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, at tha 
time, as my dnughtcr phoned you, and since retumii^ hare 
been extremely busy and hcrdly in shQpe to stand up long in 
the Museum. However I have now been to the Museum twica nd 

have examined the specimens. The Shrews hare been examioad^by 
Doctor H. H. T. Jackson, the Field Mica (kfitttuf) by Vermon 
Bailey. The identifications are as follows: Ground Squirrels, 
Citellus plesius gblusus; Shrews (the short tailed spades } 
Shensj pprgonatBS ercticua: the larger longer tailed speeias. 
2hcr£2. Bhumgffgnftnaiw; the Field Mice (the two auller spacimai^ 
Mi ere kg PpergrU?. the larger specimen without 8kull,prob- 
ably tf i crotu a kediHcwnH^^ (identification uncertain beceoia 
of absence of skull). 

Do you wish these specimens returned or ahall they ba an- 
tered in the Biological Survey Collections of the National 
Museum as a contribution from the Katmai expedition? 

Very truly yom«. 






March 20. 1922 

March 20. 1922 

Mr, S. R. Warren 

1511 Wood Ave. 
Colorado Springs. Colo. 

Dear l!r. Warren; 

Very many thanks for the copy of Rockwell's Squirrels 
and Chipmunks of Colorado which has just arrived. I am 
very glad tc add it to my literature on the State. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 

Col. C. K. Birdseye 

Chief TopogTTipher, U. 3. Geological 

Washington. D. G. 


ky dear Sir; 

Frederick Coville tells me that he is seeking a 
humble position on one of your field parties. I have 
known hira all his life and do not hesitate to reccmmerd 
hiro unqualifiedly as an unusually fine boy. honorable, 
willing and competent. 

Very traly yours . 



m * ' 





March 20. 1922 

Mr. John P. Harrington 
Pleasanton, Calif. 

Dear Mr. Harrington: 

A letter from Mrs. J. J. Dailey just receired tells me 
that Sally Noble died on January 28. This is sad newSf 
but from what you told me of her condition is not likely to 
be a great surprise to you. I congratulate you aip^ain that 
you were able to obtain such a fund of information from: her 
at the eleventh hour. 

I don*t know where you are but assume your address is 
still Pleasanton. 

Hoping you have been successful of late and with best 


Very truly you is , 



* Vv^ju.-, 



■ 0f. 







March 20. 1922 

Mrs. J. J. Dailey 
Burnt Ranch, Calif. 

My deer Mrs. Dailey: 

Your letter addrof^sed to me at Lagunitas has just 
reached me here in Washington. 

I am greatly pained to leem that Mrs. Sally Noble is 
dead. She was a good woman. It is fortumte that 
Harrington and myself were able to obtain so much valuable 
material from her at the eleventh hour. Mr. Harrington is 
still in California aid I am writing him by this mail, so 
you will doubtless hear from him in the near future. 

I appreciate your courtesy in writing me and am grert 
ly obliged. 

With best wi*es. 

Very t ruly yours , 

i ^ 


P :. 






I i 

'" T? I 





March 21, 1922 

Mr. Daniel H. Newball 
154 Nassau St. 
New York City. 

Dear Sir: 

^Q99 '^^^^ ^or yo^ ^^ ^»t No. 168, 
iy*ii. Please send me the following boolca 
from It together with bill for saml: 

^^ H.^^°A ??* ^arnbam. Thos . J. TraTels 
in ft© Califomias, 1845, price fs.OO. 

?arI* °^ ^^'^ li^HI^'' first Aiition . 
1G86, price $3,25. ^ - "^ ' 

Very truly yours. 



1919 - 16 3t. 

Mcrch 2?, 1922 

iifir. »/. I. iiOfcrns 

Accountant, Smithscnian Institution 

^iashington, D. C. 

ijear Mr. Adams; 

In making cut pay cheek?? for the current month 
please laake the one for Miss lilanie Gandy to cover the 
period from March 1 to 1 inclusive , and kindly send 
check addressed to her at Mi leno. Texas, Rupil 1> 

Mips Gandy hrs heen in poor health for some time 
and finally gave up ^ork and returned to her home in 

In her place I have engaged as temporary stenographer. 
Mrs. Blanche M. Kagness, vrtio began work on the morning 
of Mardi 9 and will continue to the end of the present 
month, at ^ich time I expect to leave for California. I 
shall be obliged therefore if you will, at the end of the 
month, send a pay check at the rate of $5.00 per working 
day to her address, 256 - 9th Street N. E. 

Very truly yours , 


1919 - 16 3t 

Uerch 24, 1922 

Mr. Val. A. Fvnn 

4954 Lindell Boulevard 

St. Louis, Missouri 

My dear Sir: 

Thanks for your lett-r of the 19th inst. with photo- 
graph of the rug of one of your Grizzlies. Evidently the 
skin is one of unusual beauty. I hare seen 1 or 2 like it 
from the Upper White River country of Alaska. 

As to Allen Hasselboiig I hardly know *8t to say. I 
have never seen hira, although I have corresponded with him 
for years and he has sent me a number of valuable bear 
skulls. He has lived alone in the wilderness for so many 
rears that I am told ho has grown decidedly peculifjr. 
Miss Anne Alexander of Califcrnis who hunted with him seme 
years sgo was, if 1 remember correctly, well satisfied 
with him. Frederick Norton anS George Shiras ILL who hunted 
with hira latrr, ns ported him as cranky and disagreeable. 
The only man I know who has seen much of him in recent yer rs 
is 21tcn Clark of Boston. He doubtless could give you 
thoroughly trustworthy information; and I think Fenley Hunter 
of Flushing. New York, was nt his cabin lest year and could 
also give you his impressions. 

Very truly yours. 




y^ 1 






i : 






19 " ' ** ' 

1919 - 16 3t. 

Hsroh 24, 1922 

Mr. C. S. Rackford 
Fcreet Service 
Washington, D. G. 


Dear Sir; 

Referrir^ to your lett'^r of M^rch 14 concerning the 

number of Gri7.?:ly Bears gi^en for the Shoshone Katicnal 
Forest in 1920. I think you missed the point of my letter 
v*iich was thr.t the nuiribor given is so preposterously l£ rgc 
that one is led to suspect the sccidental addition of the 


If the Forest Service publishcf^ a map covering 
Owens Valley in Eastern Galifcrnia. I should be greatly 
obliged if you tall kindly send me 2 copies. 

Very truly yours , 


I'w'l*/ — — t) t^Xf 

mtrcli ?A , 1912 

I I 



1919 - 16 St. 

li^rch 24, 1922 


.VcytcK Jr. 
'ildcvrops Clu"b 

1,''16 L..--.. -Uroct 
Philfiieli-'hlfc, Penn 



L C 

^- --^ : - r . . « Q "bo pros 

ert at th- - >inner c 

nicht. But unfortuntitely I fi-^- '-^n tlv of depfirlur'? fct 

^ nle ^^--^ ^bHrp-^ciT «hnll ^ -^^ V. fcrepc t!:o pleasure 
V;iUi b^;.:. 'Yirhr^p for :. ^ ..^ -Trl and ^snjoyel)!^ <^vun- 

« -1 


y^ry trulj youx-s , 





Br. ilcrbprt I. Priestley 
Bancroft Library 
Berkeley. Calif. 

Deer Jootor Priestley: 

Herewith I am enclosing (shipped by ^press ) the proof 
sheets of the second part of your mof?t valuable article on 
Franciscan Exploration of Califcrnie. 

r apologize for keeping it so long. I was detained 
in Johns Hopkins Hospital longer than expected and since my 
return have been overwhelrred with accumulated work. 

Your artiolr is a storehouse of infcrration v*iich I 
hope ray be published in pnrmanent form as early as prac- 
ticable so thf^t it may be available tc students of California 
History and California Indians. I greatly appreciate your 
courtesy in letting me use it. 

I expect to leave Washir^ton for Southern California in 
a few vdays and hope to see you at Berkeley later on ir the 


With best wishes, 

Very truly yours , 





1919 • 16 St. 

March 24. 1922 

Vr. U. B. Merit t 

Assi stent Commissioner. Indian Office 
i/cshirgtcn. D. C. 

Mj deer Sir- Ueritt: 

Thenkp for your letter of the 17th inpt. giving me 
the pcstoffice addres?es of the several Indian schools and 
agencies in Califcrnie aad Nevada, concerning \*iich I made 

I shall be glad to hear from you in respect to the 
use of the name ''Jigger" as applied tc a California tribe* 
The injustice of continuing such a me mingles? and humil- 
iating term is so obvious that the only question would 
seem to be in regard to the quickest im^thod of getting rid 
of it. 

I have TOrked in California for more than 20 yei 
I hrve nearly succeeded in completing my large scale maps 
showing the distribution of the different tribes and the 
locations of their rancherias. and since I am no longer 
young, I am anxious to (X)mplete the work as soon as possi- 
ble and expect to return to California in a few days. It 
would be of assistance to me in this connection if you 
would give me tho locations of the small reservations or 
tracts of land purchased for remants of Indian tribes in 
various parts of California, as requested in my letter of 
March 9. Very truly yours. 






1919 - 16 St. 
March 25, 1922 

Chief Topographer 
Post-office Department 
Washington, D. C. 

Dear Sir: 

I ehall be greatly obliged if you will kindly send me 
by bearer, for official use, 2 copies of the post route 
nep of California on thin paper. 

I an locating and platting the sites and names of In- 
dian villages in California, many of which may prove of con 
siderable value to the Geographic Board. 

Tery truly you if . 


Chairman, U. 3. Geographic Board. 






1919 - 16 3t. 

■crch 25, 1922 

Ur. Alfred U. Collins 
President, Wilderness Club 
222 Ccl'jmhis Avenue 
Philadelphia, Penn. 

Dear Mr. Collins: 

Ycur letter cf the 23rd inst. ha« only this moment reached 
me. Ycu ?^r.i it special delivery, addre^fod at the Biological 
Surrey where I have not been ^or revcrel years. The Biological 
Surrey people readdressed it to my hou^e address, ss ycu will 
see by the enclosed part of your err elope, so that it has only 
jirt arrirod in the morning mail; hence kindly pcrdcn my ap- 
parent discourtesy in not letting ycu know beforehand that I 

could not come. 

On receipt of the inritation from the Secretary, 
William Drayton. Jr., a day or two ago, I immediately replied 
that it wcs impracticable for me to accept. I had expected to 
go to California a week ago, but the sudJen appearance cf a 
delegation of California Indians has delayed me until the pres- 
ent time, as one or more of them are working v/ith rae at my house 
every day. Howerer I shall be off in a few drys. 

I know you must h^ave had a splendid meeting and I an sorry 
that I could not have enjoyed it. 

T/ith regrets and best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 







1919 - 16 3t. 

karch 25, 1922 

Col. 11. C. Rizer 

Chief Clerk, U. 3. Geological Surrey 

Washir^,ton, D. C. 

Dear Colonel Rizer: 

Tery many thanks for your courtesy in sending me for of- 
ficial use, copies of the surrey map sheets asked for in my 
letter of the 9th inst. 
• And L am parti culf:rly obliged for your kindness in send- 
ing me from your reserre stock, copies of Wat^r Supply Papers 
490-A and 490-B, containing the much desired maps of the 
Colorado and Uchare Desert regions. 

\ifhen Papers 490-C and 490-D containing similar maps ex- 
tending as far east as Phoenix are ready for distribution, 
I shall be greatly obliged if you will kindly send me one 
copy each addressed to me at Lagunitas, Marin County, Calif. 

Tery truly yours. 




March 27, 1922 

Mr. Will C. Barnes 
Forest SerTice 
Washing ton, D. C. 

Dear Mr. Barnes: 

Very many thanks for your letters of the 22nd end 
25th instants, just receired, and also for the accompany- 
ing maps, all of ishich are of use in my work. 

I am very glad to have the supplemental report with 
additional data from the District Forester at Mispoula. 
but have a suspicion the t the record of 200 Grizzlies for 
Flathead will turn out like the one you hove just reduced 
from 22.6 to 50. 

Thanking you very much for the trouble you have taken 
in this matter and for the additional maps, 

Very truly youi^ , 



1919 - 16 St. 

March 29, 1922 

fin •• •• !• 5 5 S S 1 !!tt 

1919 - 16th St. 

March 29, 1922 

Mr. Val. A. Yrnn 

4954 Lindell Boulev^ird 

St. Louis, Uissairi 

Wy dear Sir: 

In compliance irilth your letter of the 26th inst. I 
have just written Dr. Nelson, Chief of the Biological Surrey, 
and em enclosing herewith a carbon of my letter. 

Trusting that this corers the ground satisfactorily, 

Very truly yours, 


p. S. As I think I wrote you before, we are very anxious 
to secure specimens of bears from as many points as possible 
along the coast of the mainland of 3E Alaska. From time to 

time we have received specimens labeled from mainland points, 
but owing to the circumstance that the person sending them 
WoS usually a trader or fur dealer, we are unable to rely 
on the alleged localities.— 







Dr. 1. 1. Nelson 

Chitf, Biological Survey 

Washington, D. C 

Dear Doctor Nelson: 

A letter jait received from Val. A. Pynn of Saint 
Louis requests me to write you as to the number of speci- 
■ens of bears desired from the localities he purposes to 
hunt during May and June of the current year, namely, Ad- 
idralty Island and the Iskut and Scud Rivers on the British 

Columbia side of the mainland. 

In view of the fact that we need all the specimens m 
can pcBsibly get from these places— the more the better— 
I would suggest that he be given a permit for Admiralty 
Island and the mainland of SE Alaska. 

Inasmuch as Mr. Pynn expects to leave Saint Louis on 
or about April 15, whatever he needs in the way of a permit 
should be sent as early as practicable. 

Very truly you is , 


191S - 16 St 

April 1, 1922 

iir, V>'. I. Adams 

ijccountant, Smithsonian Institution 
•Vaghington, i). C. 

Dfiar Mr. /.dans: 

Herewith I am enclosing my expense account for the month 
of March, amounting to $49.04. together with vouchers as per 
list on another part of this page, which I shall be obliged 
if you will kindly pay as usual from the Harriman Fund. 

Very truly yours. 

J. W. Scollick, cleaning skulls ?6.50 
S. B. Capps, beer skull $5.00 

A. H. Twitchell, bear skull $12.00 
Zenaida Merriam, services $50.75 








{•Jl'^A -M 

:•• . 

I ' 

- 1 




C. Hart Merriam 

1919 Sixteenth Street. Washington, D. C 
EXPENSE ACCOUNT K)E M/iPCH, 1922 Subj^j^cher 

W» J. Gerhard, books 

Daniel H. Newhall, books 

Spreadborough 'Mamraals Rocky Mtg. Canada' 

S. N. Hhoads, books 

Smith Book Co. 'Tisayac Tosemite' 

Canadian Alpine Journal 

Williams cc wilkins Co., Separates 

5 Topographic Sheets 

Daniel H. Newhall, books 

1/2 dozen stenographer note books 

Macoun Memorial Volume 

3. N. fihoads, 'Abbott Thayer on Coloration • 

Bxpressage to Bancroft Library, Berkeley, Calif. 

2 pots paints for maps 

Electric Current, Feh. 21 to March 21. 1922, 

$7.40, one-third 
Journal of Mammalogy 
Stamps and stamped envelopes 
Charwoman. Cleaning Office Rooms, March 
American Anthropologist for 1922 












2 47 
2 75 
1 94 
5 00 
4 00 

49 04 



- - - - Jj'orty-nine 

— -four — - 


'^.K-'v^r ^^ 




1919 - 16 Street 
April 5, 1922 









■ ' # 




Hon. Carl Hayden 

Howe of RepresentatiTes 

Washington, D. C. 

My dear Sir: 

Referring to your coaroaication of March 26 enclosing 
a letter dated March 24 from the Phoenix Chamber of Com- 
merce suggesting that the naM of Salt Birer and Valley. 
Arizona^ be changed to Eooseyelt Rirer and Valley, would saj 
that I brought the matter to the attention of the. Sxecutire 
Cofflmittee of the U. 3. Geographic Board yesterday. It is 
the judgment of the co»ittee that before voting on such a 
radical change, it would be well to obtain tiie sentiment of 
the people of Arizona as a whole. This might be expressed 
in a resolution of the Legislature. 

In compliaice with your request the letter from the 
Phoenix Chamber of Commerce is herewith returned along with 
a carbon of this letter. 

Very truly yours, 

Chairman, U. S. Geographrc Bosrd. 


1&19 - i6 St.. 

April 6. 1S2<-: 

Dr. Herbert Lan,'3 

Amwicon kuseum'^of I.'j:tural diatcry 

N<5W York Jity 

Dofer Doctor Lanf*: 

Replying to -our letter cf the r^rd in^^t. relating tc 
a coir.inp. exhibition cf i)hctoprajh? of niinniaals ic be held 
at the kuseiM, wo:j Id c^^y tht-t 33 I am new <:,ettir^ rnady to 
eo to aaiifornia for the sg«sod, it is imprbcticable for 
me to attempt to dig up the fow «i)(;efi?gful photogrephs I 
have bean eble to trke of ne^nrnftls ir. the field. 

You Dsk for HCTes and £:ddrp.^sog of persons who hsT* 
teVcn photographs cf .vild manmdlK. I remember the follo^- 
Intj offhand, and there «rR of course siany cthrrs. I ab- 
stain from mentioning- George 3hirf.p III. and Norman Mc- 
Olintock. f:s rcu of course know theia. 

U. H., H.-rtncy, U;:rii toba. 

3. N. Leek, Jackson, '/ycnir..''. 

-'?. II. •<ftrren, 1511 Wood /,ve . , Colorado Igrinp.s, Colo. 

J. i. H.'ijne.-, lelby « Vir^^irie Avcs., 3t. Paul, Minn. 

mnh I cc^ld oep the exhibit, as J kr,ow it will con- 
tain mhr.y photoprephs cf intorept. 

iVith b<;''t v.inhcE, 

Very truly yours. 

^ 'Hr o^ 1^^ 




;■ r 











1919 - 16 3t, 

April 6. 1922 

Mr, George G. Diehl 

President, Automcbile Association 

1108 • 16 Street 

Washington, D. C. 

My dear Mr. Diehl: 

Replying to your letter of the 4th inst.. would say 
that I \Krre been expecting, to get off for ny p?uMnpr home 
in California befn-r^ this but hnve b^en detained. It 
now looks as if I would be here on the L?th, in which case 
I shall be pIvA to attend the meetinp, of the Advisory 
Eocrd \*ich you have called for 3 P. M. on that date. 

Very truly your^ , 









191S - 16 3t. 

i'pril 6, 1922 

rl' I- ^: Nelson 

WoiS-* ?iologi«al Survey 
Washington, B. C. 

Bear Nelson: 

Thenks for the copy of Luther Goltean'. letter nbout 
the Leva Beds Beers. 

Trusting that his work in this direction will oen 
out something positive, 

• Very truly your? , 






1919 - 16 St. 

April 10, 1922 


1919 - 16 St. 

April 10. 1922 

Mr.B. B. Meritt 
Assistant Conmissioner 
Office, Indian Affairs 
Washington, D. C. 

My dear Mr. Meritt: . 

Very many thanks for the schedule you have sent me 
showing the location of lands purchased for remnarfr of In- 
dian tribes in /arious parts of California. 

I am particularly glad to have this since it locates 
several small holdings which I hare not visited. 
Thanking ynu for your courtesy in the natter. 

Very truly you' 

Hon. Chas. H. Burke 
Commissioner, Indian Affairs 
Washington, D. C. 

My dear Sir: 

Thanks for your letter of the 6th inst. concerning the 
use of the name "Digger" as applied to a tribe of California 


I am glad that you are not disposed to defend the use 

of this tem but regret that you do not see your way clear 
to its discontinuance. If. as you state, its abolition 
mi^t prove troublesome from a legal standpoint, I would sug- 
gest the introduction in the Indian Appropriation Bill of 
a brief clause abolishing it. 

If you had talked with as many hundred California In- 
diana as I have during the last 25 or 30 years, you could not 
possibly express any doubt as to the opprobri ousnes s of the 
tern to them. Their feeling is one of humiliation that so 
degrading a term should be applied to them officially by the 
Government of the United States. It is bad enough that some 
of the local whites use it. And do you really regard the 
fact that it is no more objectionable than certain other In- 
dian names as a sufficient excuse for its continuance? 

TriBting you will use your best effort to abolish the 
official use of tiie term. 

Very truly yours. 





April 11, 1922 

Iditor, Areata Union 
Areata, Calif. 

Dear Sir: 

A elipping from your paper of March 30. which I have just 
seen, mentions the capture of a Timber Wolf hj Lawrence Ford of 
Liscom Hill« 

I am very anxious to obtain this specimen for the Nation- 
al Mus#UB Collection, and since I do not kwr^ Mr. Ford^s ad- 
dress, I shall appreciate your courtesy if you will kindly for- 
marti this letter to him or make him acquainted with its con- 

Owing to the rarity of Timber V/oItos in California, I should 
be willing to pay as much as ^25.00 for the skin, if it is 
complete,, and $10.00 additional for the skull, if it has not 
been smashed, but eren if badly broken I would pay a fair price 
for it. 

In case llr. Ford is willing to let us hcve it, I shall be 
obliged if he will send it by Bxpress (charges collect), ad- 
dressed U. S. Biological Survey, Departmait of Agriculture, 
Washington, D. C. His name and address should be plainly marked 
on the outside of the box and also on a tag attached to the 

Trusting you will pardon me for troubling you in the matter. 

Very truly yours, 


1919 . 16 St. 

April 11. 1922 





Br. John C, Merriam 

President, Carnegie Institution 

Washington, D. C, 

Dear Doctor Merriam: 

Very many thanks for the copy "Livingston i Shreve on 
the Distribution of Vegetation in Relation to Climatic Con- 
ditions^ received this afternoon. 

I have not had time to do more than glance at it hur- 
riedly, but can easily see that it contains a very large sup- 
ply of infojnnation bearing on the questions so many of us are 
interested in coixerning the distribution of life in the 
Uni ted States. 

In glancing at the multitude of single page maps one is 

inclined to wonder whethn:* reliable date exist for so much de- 


tail. The work certainly shows an enormous amount of pains- 
taking research. Who will digest it and suramari'^e the im- 
portant facts it contains? 

Shreve *s colored map of "Vegetation Areas of the United 
States" (Plate l), apart from the difficulty of discriminating 
certain of the colors, is an interestingly curious example of 
the mixture of major and minor facts of distribution on a single map 

I am mighty glad to have the book and shall go into it 

more deeply later on. 

With many thanks. 

Very truly yours. 



19i9 - 16 St. 

April 12, 1922 





Dr. Walter K. Fisher , , , 
Director, Bioloeical Laboratory 
Pacific Grove, Calif. 

Dear Walter: 

Kiet kind of a beast is QlifirJieii. an animal that lires in 

the aea, said to be about 7 inches long, with no shell, but 

with a red skin? It is hard. Inside is like meet and edible. 

Is there a red Hnlothuria n in the Monterey region? If 
not, have you any suggestion as to whet the critter may be? 

Hope things in general ere progrepsing srtisfactorily 

with you. 

At this end of the line we have to report that Dorothy 

has a son not quite a week old, Henry Merriam Abbott by naM. 

All doing well. 

W« expected to te in California before this, but the ar- 
rival of a delegation of California Indians overflowing with 
good material has detained me. Now we hope to reach Lagunitas 
about the 25t.h of this month. 

With best wishes. 

As ever yours , 



1919 - 16 3t 

April 12. 1922 

Dr. John P. H?^rrington 
528 Federal Bldg. 
Los ilngeles, Calif. 

Dear Mr. Harrington: 

lour letter of the 5th inst. has just arrived along with 
the Monterey vocehulr.ry and an appreciative poem to "Achiata." 
I rm glfid to hear from you a^ain and to know where you are. 

Ifour vocabulary I see is from a nephew? of Beviana Torres 
(Indfrom Jacinta Gon'^ales .i. . 

from vitiom I obtained several hundred wrds and other matter m 

July 1906 — 16 years ago. Senori* Torres told me that sht camt 
from the old rancheria at Sur, the ncme of which was KjJbL=kfifiIl 
tah-rook. and she said that her language wa<? the same as tht 
A-ch'eg-tah of iionterey. 

1 have just compared a number of mtrds in your vocabulary 
with the same words in mine, and find as a rule excellent agree- 
ment, although there are some discrepancies. For instance, 
for tree, you have tish ; while I hf-w Mo-yo r. For tlk. you hart 
QiianTQilh; while I hiive Te-yoo k. For Abalone you give the Spenis 
name. They gave me QoikLiik. For the numeral 4, you have 
u-tin-ta ; v*iile I have two forms, 0-chit-tim and Oo-tr it-tim . 
For hat, you have purps . They told me they never had any hats. 
For pipe, you have k/^«nugh ; while I have Hoo-rup. For wind, 
you have p:uth ; Vyhile 1 have Tar . For night, you have miil.; life He 
I have Qrlpe^tro . For crazy, you have ru-pj-yagt; while I have 
Mah>5e~es t. For la^y, you have e^loh-sest; while I hav» 











The marine animal your informant calls oho -hen is too 
much for me. It may tie a Hnlothurian. Uo'.7ever I am writing 
J)r. Walt*^r Fisher by this mail, giving him your description and 
asking if he knows what it is. Will let you know later. 

The Snake given as li-aan is the common Garter Snake 
(genus Eutpnia ). Your Mrkeoll. is the common big Toed that comas 
about the house evenings. 

Tour tn-"«^"« seal is the Sea Lion (genus ZslcpllkS.) . 

lou have sirfa for Eagle. I have Sfior for the Bald Bogle 
and 3?u-ker for the Golden Eagle; but was not able to get a fair 
series of bird and mammal names owing to the circumstance that 
old Senora Torres did not know or did not remember her names. 

You giv* Uoh as "e kind of hairy rat." The nearest I 
can coae to this is Ismlt^ the Pock«t Gopher. 

You have .n-aan as the name of the Blackberry, flhile I 
have yrf-nem . You have ho-mun for »<olf . Does not the name sug- 
gest a kind of big Cat, as Bobcat is Hca? And is it not doubt- 
ful whether these people ever knew anything about the true flolf 
as distinguished from the Coyote? 

It makes me a little faint to see that you have adopted 
Iroebtr's Spanish names for Indian tribes, using Montereyano in 

place of A-chT^s-ta. 

Replying to^^'quest ions, would say that both Mrs. Montgomery 
and Abe Bush were apparently in excellent health lAien I last 
saw them, but Mrs. Montgomery is a very old woman. Bush, on the 
other haai. is in the prime of life and has every appearance of 




unusual strength. 

I note '^liEt you eny Kbout the importariRe of pettirif^ piece 
nsmes in the Chc:iane and e^jscent region. Possibly ve may oe 
able tc arranf:G thr joint trip you su,-ge?t at seme time during 
the season. 

Have you lesmed aiy thing about the Xak-f-itcQxi.rt Salt 
Lagoon? There used to live at ;:onterpy. l -.voinan of thi? tribe 
or bend n?jned Ana^tsciE Garcea. Her plaoe was near the houre of 
Mr?. Myers. Another Yg.k -ghpOQ ■!K>m^n wrp Mrs. Austin whose ef.r- 
lirr name wes Prisca. She lived at the Laguna. It seems to me 
important to loam i.s much f:S possible about the Yek^iLiieii. Ow- 
ing to my innocence of the Spanish Ipn^^uage I was practically 

i/here is H.- . f^h-phZ-wfln . end where are the hot springs spoken 
of as Lii^ Cfi li pntP . b y the Monterey Indians? And 7;hrre is the 
spring called ^Ol^g^iEXij^? It certainly is important to Iccrte 
these places if possible. 

/rom the 2 old women. Beviana Torres and Jecintt Gonzales , 
I obtained S words' or short sentences of Ss'elen. which of coui^e 
are at your service. 

Owing to a complication of circumstances I have net yet 

b-en able tc have enlargements made of the 2 photographs you sent 

j'or several r?eeks I have been both overjoyed and over- 
whelmed by an invasion of California Indians-the fir^t I have 
ever known to visit //ashington. They rre from S different 



f a 






■A ' 

' V 






tribes, end I am /^ettinp h splendid lot of meter i;L:l from them 
in addxcion to the verificrtion of vocabuleries previously ob- 
tained. Ua^e secured the names and locations of dor.ens of 
rancherias not previously on my maps or lists. And one of the 
men will be here in a fev^ minutes. 

You will be interested to know that our mr.rried daughter. 
Dorothy Merriam Abbott, hf.s a week old boy (our third grandchild). 
Our younger daughter, Zenaida. is now in Cambridge to help them 
out for the next few weeks. 

With best -vishes. 

Very tmly your? , 



1S19 - 16th St. 

April 17, 1922 

Mr. ^3. A. Rohwer 

U. 3* Nfitional Museum 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Mr. Pohwer: 

Replying to your invitation of the 15th in?t. to 
speak before the Biological Society or the erening of Ipril 
29 in comment on an addrp°fl to be given on that evening by 
Dr. W. 2. Ritter. -.Till say that on the date nentioned I 
expect to be in California. 

Wishing you a successful meeting. 

Very truly yours , » 











191S - 16 3t. 

April IS, 19££ 

Dear Doctor and Mrs. otephens: 

It has been s lonf* time sime y,e hpve w-itton you cn'l you 
maybe purprisod to lenrn thrt wo both ere still in rtashington. 
We appreciL^tod Dr. Stephens' kindness in telagraphing. and should 
have written long ago. 

Shortly nfter my return from the hospital, a delegation of 
9 California Indians rppre^enting ns many different tribes, sud- 
denly appeared ct our ho^e. ifrom thef dp.y until this I have 
been -vorkine with them and b-ve not yat finished. One comes to 
the houBe nearly every day end the intrrvals are not long aiou^h 
to enable rae to fully write up the mr.terial obtained. Today a 
Wintocn from Mc Cloud Hiv^^r is coning. 

This h£s been s great opportunity and one I could not afford 
to ttiss, for it has saved me at least £ or 3 months of field v,ork. 

The pr-sent outlook is that 7^e -ngy get a^sy next week, but 
it will be impossible to sot an exact date until I have finished 
with these Indians and teve selected the various mr.terials neces- 
sary to take to California. 

During the last 10 days we have had e number of rains and 
the leaves have come out and grc^m to ner.rly their full size. 
But having neither car nor spare time we hrve not been out in the 

Dorothy's bey was born on April 7 and weighed about 8 pounds. 
He is said to be a fine boy-a credit to his ancestors. All hands 


are doing well. Zenaida is keeping house for Dorothy and running 
errands in Dorothy's Buick Cf:r. She expects to join us in Cal- 
ifornia about the middle of May. 
Kith love to you all. 

As ever yours. 

Dr. W. Barclay Stephens 
1250 Bay St. 

Alameda, Calif. 



1919 - 16 3t 

^Pril 19, 1922 

Biological Surrey 
Washington, i). c; 

Deer Goldman: 

Many thanks for your letter of yesteni«. . 
-P. Of a letter .....,, , linc^J: Ll" H^^^^"^ 

^n. the po^siMe existence of ari..lies Ltl 

country. " ^'^ ^PP«r >^em 

This is interesting and pc.ibly true h„f 
«« hung up in the air as to .L^ '"'' ^''"^ 

hunter. Ellsworth, has tal J ^^ "^^ ^'^ ^''''' 

Of the trip? " ^'""'^^^ °^ '^« possibilities 

Very truly yours. 


I • 



K ' 


1919 - 16 3t. 

/.pril 22. 1S22 

Kr. 7ho«. J. PilkinPton 
OHH Anselreo, Cf-Iif. 

liy dear 3ir: ~- 

Your lettrr drted L:.::rch 21 -nd addrc-red to me at 
Bf^rkoioy h-c b^on for;Tf.rded ir. c round^-^brut ;vay snd lu s 
finally r-sched ac. Hy pxmr.rr hcne i? ;<! Lsgunitae— rot 
at Ee rice 1(^7^ :vhich wf-5» forri-^rly thf^ home of John C. Merriam 
of the Univrsity. 

Roplyinc to yo-.:r inquiry abort Indians of the 
dcc.'A:oo-^d£0 tril^o, ^vculd 5.ay thct th^re is lit, tie to be 
found in the iit-rntare ccr.cerninn them. In 1907 I pub- 
liFh-^d 8 bri.f description of the gec.irephic aree o.vned by 
the tribe r.nd gave the nane? tmd Iccrtions of 7 ^f their 
villKces (.•r.rri.rn Anthropolo/nst . Vol. 9. No. 2. pp. .-,5t 
356). Three ycrr? It^ter in e bock ertitled 'The_D«wn oX the 
HCi:ld'.-ir.y^hR ^nd weird tnlof. told by the Ii£kw,- Indianp of 
2lifcrni^^-I published sevornl of their myths. 

There rr- other references to the tribe, but it would 
be quite a job to look then up. 

Very traly ynuTT , 







1S19 - 16 ,3t. 

April 22, 1522 

De?r Lyman: 

Your letter of the l?th arrived duly and your friends, 
the Drews, called ypsterdey on the eve of their departure. 
They certainly sre agreeable ijeople and we were sorry not to 
see more of then. Hp seemed tc hfve c feeling that you were 
working full hours. 

Glad your family is united for the vacation. 

The lefivps on most of our trees nre now fully out and 
the surrounding country is doubtl'=>ss beautiful, though -le 
have had no chance to see it as tc have no car this year; and 
furth-TTiore I jm driving as hard es possible in order to get 

The Indians from California are still here end are keep- 
ini7 me busy. However ne hope to ret off next week. 
With love to you all, 

As ever, 

Mr. Lyman L. Merriam 
Lyons ij'alls, N. Y. 



1919 . 16 3t^ 

April 24, 1922 

Mrg* Helen Dare 

Washington, D. C. 

My dear Mrs. Dare: 

In compliance with your request, I tr>ke pl-nsure in hand 
ing you herewith a brief memorandum on the confusing use of 
the name 'Digger' as applied tc Indian tribes in California 
end other Western States. 

Very truly your? , 






-ft ■ 







During the past 75 years, the term 'Digger,' hes been ap- 
plied loosely or specifically to the Shoshone, Piute, Gosiute, 
Bannok and VTashoo tribes of Indiana inhabiting rarious parts of 
the T»estern United States, particularly in the states of Idaho, 

Oregon, Utah, and Herada. 

In California it has been applied officially by the Got- 
•rnaent, through the reports of the Indian Office, to such widely 
separated biA vrtiolly unrelated tribes es the Pomo of Russian 
River, the Midoo of the Northern Sierra, i;nd the Southern Kewuk 
of Toseraite region; while in the literature of the State and in 
the ©reryday usage of the white people it is forced to do duty 
for practically every tribe from Humboldt Bay to San Diego. Ob- 
viously therefore it is an utterly meaningless and confusing name, 
devoid of so much as a shadow of tribal significance. Not only 
is this the ceae, but what is far worse, it is a term implying 


inferiority if not contempt, and is highly objectionable to th« 
Indians. Is there any reason i^y the Gorernment should humiliate 
intelligent, friendly, and law-abiding Indians by continuing the 
official use of so offensire a term? 




1519 - 16th 3t 

April 25, 1922 

Poo "^i^*?" ^- Harrinfrton 
528 i-'edprsl 3Idg. ~ 

l^s /.ngeles, Calif. 
Dear Mr. H.-rrinpton: 

Since writing you a short time ago 1 h,.7e had Mrs. Jailey's 
two photogrrphs enlergod and am returning herewith the or- 
iginals and f^lso prints of the enlargements. They not very 
good, regarded as photographs, but are the be^t thrt oould be 
made from the originals. 

A letter has just ccme from Dr. i/alter K. Fioher. Director 
Hoplcins Marine laboratory at Pacific Grove, in reply to my in- 
quiry about the^QhaJtmil He says: "I «m half certain ttet 
Cho-hen is the big dark red chiton, CxyiikidiUim st^ikri, wh i ch 
IS ccm-non alon^ this coast. It is oral, has a hard plush- 
like mantle ^hi ch completely covers the 8 valres of the shell, 
end the length is upward of a foot. It is distinctly herd, 
very fleshy, especially the foot, and I hrre seen the valyes 
in old kitchen-middens (which are almost continuous along the 
shore of the peninsula). The only objection is the shell; 
howerer this is not conspicuous, as in the abalone. but entire- 
ly hidden." 

Hoping you are meeting with success. 

Very truly yours. 







1919 - 16th 3t. 

Aoril 25. 1922 

Dr. W. K. I'ishcr ^ ^. 

Director, Hopkins Marine jtation 
Pacific (jrove . Ctdif. 

Dear tValter: 

Very m:.ny thanks for your promptne-s in replying to my 
inquiry about the*Qhfl:Jieil' of your region. I guess you are 
right as to its identity, but it would be a fine thing if you 
could prove it by showing a specimen to one of the few rem- 
nants of Indians still living in the Monterey region. 

We hcd expected to be in CKlifornia long before this but 
have been detained by the unprecedented opportunity tc work 
California Indians at my house here in Vieshinpton. However, 
they go back the last of thi?: week rnd we expect to pet off a 

few dnys later. 

As ever yours. 








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191^^ - 16 3t. 

iifiy 1. 1922 

kr. i»ldr*n 3nmpPon 
The Chfstleton 
16th * R Streets 
wash ii^, ton, D. C. 

Deer Mr. Ssmpson: 

It i. with genuine regret th«t I find myself uneble to 
find your papers, the title, of *ich you .ent me a few days 

3inc. your lett^ crme IJ^vo been continuously busy 
•.vith Cliforni. Indians r.nd have spent two dpys in hearinPB 
«t the House Ccmittce on Indian Affairs, so that I hrre not 
had «n opportunity to make much of r search until yesterday. 
These papers come many years ago ;ihon I w«s still in the 
Biological Surrey .nd bad not yet established my pergonal 
files; otherwise they would bow rest s.Cure in files labled 
•Animal Behtvior' r:nd 'The Senses.' 

'I-herefcre. I am reluctantly oblieed to confess my in- 
ability to help you. which I very much re^irt. 

'^ery truly yours. 








191S - 16 St. 

Mpv 1, 1522 

Krs. Gertrude Bonnin 
13.?0 Calif cniia 3t. 
Yiashin{3ton, D. G. 

My deer Mrs. Bonnin: 

The slip you vere kind enoueh to give me a day or two 
ago contains the titles of several of your publications 
,*ich I am anxious to possess. I pn therefore enclosing 
check, and shell be greatly obliged if you «11 kindly send 
copies to me at the above address. 

Both Mrs. lierriam and mypelf were very gled to hpve you 
at our house for even so short a time Saturday evening, vnd. 
•*e trust thfit you erd Captain Bonnin .vill come again when 
you have more time at your disco? al. 

With best -.lishes , 

Very truly yours. 




1919 - 16 3t. 


May 2. 1922 








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Dr. C. G. Abbot 

Smi thsonirin Institution 

V/sshinptcn, D. C. 

Dp-'^r Doctor Abbot: 

In clr^ncin.2 over the Eeport cf the Nntionril Academy for 
VjZI just received, I notice that my r^me is still included 
in the Section of Zoology (:nd not in the Section cf Anthro- 
pology. Possibly you may remember tlu^t I esked you two years 
age to chf^nge me from the Zoolopicel to the /nthropologicel 


At the meeting of f- year ago I found that I had not been 
transferred, and asked Paul Brockett if I should write you 
in regard to tha matter. He replied that that tjqs not neces- 
sary, that he perscn^^lly \iould see that the transfer were 
made. But since this failed, I ^ish to reiterate mj request 
that I be trans^f erred from the Zoological to the Anthrcpol- ^ 
cgical Section. 

V/ith best ^ishe", 

Very truly yours , 







May 5. 1922 

Br. Herbert hng 

iBerloan Hnsivi of latnral Hi story 

How lork Citj 

Dear Doctor Lasig: 

IhoB I wrote y 00 last I expected to lesr- for California 
ia a few days, but the California Ir-iani with whom I was 
woitiBg reaalaed in llaehington until day tefcre yesterday, 
vhiolt ezplaias ay presence here at this late date. 

Owiig to this delay I ha- >*en abla to have enlfirgement' 
■Bde of half a dozen photographs which I took in California 
ia 1910 of Black Bears in loseaite Valley end of a Buck in 
the TolTot on the Illilouette. I m sending those to you 
herewith in the hope that they My reach you in tiuifi for your 
exhibition of nanal photographs, i*idi I regret very waict 
I shall not be able to see. 

Tory truly yours. 


May 5, 1922 

S; Jr*"?^2.^ Flesche 
214 first Street S. X, 
Washington, D. C, 

Dear Mr. La Plesche: 

Beplying to your letter of the 2nd inat.. would say 
that on .y return froa California I shall be glad to comply 
with your request for a co»unication on Indians of Northern 


The California Indiana wiU shoa I hare been working did 
act return until day before yesterday, so that I am still 
here, though expecting to go feat in a few days. 

With best wishes to yourself and Miss Pletcher, 
, Tory truly yours. 


Wathlagton, D. C. lay 5. 1922 

Bear Ghapan: 

Thanks for yourt of yaatwday, just reealTed. I did not 

kaov that you had bean hera and aa ai^ty aorry not to hare 

aaan you. Too had you cai^t that oold. Bopa you batt w- 

laaAad it by now. 

lor the past 6 waaka I hare boon oTorwhel»ad with Ittao- 
logioal lork in connaotion with tha presence hero of a delega- 
tion of California Indlano a peaking 9 different lanffiagea. It 
ma a case of Mklng hay Alle the am waa ont. This aeeoants 
for By abacttoa fro« the ■eetinga of the lational Aoadeiy. where 
I appeared only once— to hear J, C. llarriMi»« talk on Fosail* 
of the HaKittriok iaphalt Beda. 

The iBdiaai left h«re day befoie ye?'terday and now Mra. 
larriaa end I are nahiag thii«a to oloao up and pull out for 
California. Zanalda la In Caabridge hataekeeping for Dorothy 
until D. Is able to again take aattera Into her own handa. Ion 
■ay not hare heard of the recent arrlTal of a grandaos^S weaka 

, e 

old today. 

iOad yau are going to South iaerica again. Ion are acooa- 
pllahli^ aplendld thli^a there and I congratulate yon. fioh wa 
eould aee you in California but auppoae It la ont of tha quaation. 

lith kindeat rogarda and beat wlahea to yon both froa both 


of ua. 

As ever youre. 

Br. Frank K. Chap5an /"^ 

ii«rlean faaeua of Ratural History 
ttow Tork City 




0. lart Heir in 

Wathington, D. C. Hay 5, 1922 

Lit! ^<^"".,j'ecoant8at 
aBithsonian Institution 
Washington, D. C. 

DMr Mr. Adas: 

■•TMith I aa tunaiag in mj apsMt aoMwt for tk 
■Mrth of April, anonting to $103.25. *ich 1 shall be 
if you will kindly pay as usual fro. tha BarriMn Fund. 

There are no aoeoapanying Touchers this aonth. 
▼ery truly youn. 




April 12 
April IT 
ipril 19 
April 19 
April 19 
April 21 

April S9 


1919 • 16 Strtit, Washington, D. C. 

OB APRIL 1922 |||j 


1 ream Munis Bond Typewriter Paper 

Qeae Breeder; Subscription to Apnl i»<!W 

illJ™ Hf°iJrt%rii?i.« enlarged photo. 

G. l?SiiS!'"iirrica. Indian S'ories . • -Old In- 
dian Legends,' 'ABericaniz©. /irst Americana 

Paid Califoraia Indians for Sfi-^ices in obtain- 
ing Tocabulary and other meteriai auring 
Mafch and April 1S22: 

Harrison Diaz, Monacne 

la. Fuller, Mewuk 

Alfred Oillis. lintoon 

A. J. logan, Chowchilla 

Frank Isles. Poliklah 

Albert Jaaes, Soolahteluk 

Stephen Kni^t, Tokiah 

Albert Wilder, Karok 

Hectric Current March 21 to April 21, $5.40,- 

«J?^iSnf waxing office floor. $5.00; plean- 
ing office rooaa $5,00 


Oat Kundred, Thraa 

Twenty- fi 






4 50 
2 40 




10 00 

8 00 

10 00 

6 00 

13 00 

4 00 












Hay 9. 1922 

Mr. Lawrence A. 
Box 563 
ircata, Calif. 




My dear Sir: 

'Tour letter of April 30 has just arriyed, and 1 am very glad 
to know tbat you have the hide and remains of the skull of tha 
Timber nolf referred to in the Areata Union of March 30. 

I shall be greatly obliged if you will pack the skin, and 
•11 the fragments of the skull which you can find and ship by Kx- 

, charges collect, addressed U. S. Biological Surrey. D»- ' 
partaent of Agriculture , Washington. D. C. 

Please write your name and address on the outside of tile I 

box and also on a tag attached to the skin and skull, so that 
when the spociaen arrires there maybe no possible doubt as to ^ 
whom it is from. This is important for the reason that we receire 
seteral packages erery day and in some cases haTO great difficulty 
in finding out who they are from. | 

If the skin is complete, I will pay you $25.00 for it as j 
stated in my letter of April 11, and will pay for the skull what 

it proves to be worth. 

Please send every piece of bone you can find that belongs 

to the skull, and all the teeth, if possible. | 

Thanking you for your promptness and courtesy in the mat- 



>^^*^ u 


Very truly yours , 

v». . 

^^^f "XS-^ 



Hay 9. 1922 

Mr. Lawrsnoe A. 
Box 563 
Areata, Calif. 


Mj deer ^ir: 

'Your letter of April 30 has just arrired. and I an rery glad .^ 
to know that you have the hide and remains of the skull of tho j 
Timber Wolf referred to in the Areata Union of Maroh 30. 

I shall be greatly obliged if you will pack the skin, and 
all the fragments of the skull uhieh you can find and ship by Ix- 
•resa. cbargea c ollect, addressed U. 3. Biological Survoy, De- ' 
pertment of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 

Please write your name and address on the outside of tte 
box and also on a tag attached to the akin and skull, so that 
when the specimen arrires there may be no possible doubt as to 
whom it is frtjm. This is important for the reason that we receiva 
seToral pwckages every day and in some cases hare great difficulty 
in finding out wno they are from. 

If the skin is complete, I will pay you $25.00 for it at 
stated in my letter of April 11. and will pay for the skull what 

it proves to be worth. 

Please send every piece of bone you can find that beloi«gt 

to the skull, and all the teeth, if possible. 

Thanking you for your promptness and courtesy in the mat- 
ter , 



jt ^ 


Very truly yours , 



Retake of Preceding Frame 


May 12. 1922 

Capt. Will C. Barnes 

\J. S. Forest Serrice 
Washington. J). C. 

Dear Captain Barnes: 

On December 16 I wrote you in regard to certain errors on 
the map of the Trinity National Forest. 

In your reply you stated that you had referred the inatter 
to the California office and would let m know later, but I 
have heard nothing further in regard to the csstter* 

Inasmuch as the cases mentioned are of a rather serious 
nature, causing endless confusion and Making it inpossible to 
define certain areas, on the basis of the me^, I shall be very 
glad if you will kindly press the aetter and secure the proper 
names, particularly for the stresois mentioned* 

To save repetition, I enclose herewith a copy of part of 
my letter of December 16 last, showing that in the case of 4 im 
portant streams the sasie names are repeated on both sides of 
Trinity River, so that 2 names are Bade to serve for 4 rivers— 
2 on each side of the Trinity. 

The presence of the name Scttth Fork JrJnJtjLiiiiir on the 
South ?ork of Hay Fork is. of oourae. merely a clerical error 
which naturally would be corrected on the next edition* 

I am perticularly anxious to hear from you in regard to 
the names Srg ro g Qrc^k and E^iMk^gJIrMk. 30 that I »av know 





' ^ 




which to choose of the streams bearing each of these nsues, and 
i*i8t name to use for the other. 

Trusting that you will perdon ne for again calling jour 

attention tc this matter, 

Terj truly you is , 


The na»e Eramig^Qre ^\ i? printed on two streams flowing 
into Trinity River at or near Douglas City, frow both sides 
of the rirer— one flowing south, the other north; while, as a 
tter of fact, Browns Creek is the one shown east of Wea^er- 

Tille, flowing scuth. 

The name MdiligS_CxejeiL is printed on the map as a trib- 
utary to thp Brown? Creek which flows north to Douglas City. 
Bat the Forest Service people at WeaTerville told me that the 
naite SeMing-CxS^ belongs to the main stream resulting from 
the union of Browns Creek and Weaver Creek south of neaver- 
Tille, and flowing into the Trinity from the north a little above 


The §fflLai_efirTf of tiej Fork is erroneously labeled 

initT Rr 

Tt grVar Mount ain, nearly due east of Hay Pork Bolly, i« 
spelled on the map Baker Mountain. 

Seme of the nountains on tha 1920 sheet bear different 
nansi £fo» those given on the earlier edition, and so»e are dif 
ferently located. 






Maj 12. 1922 

Mr. Jas. W. IteGtiire 

Ccaflt & Geodetic SurTej 
Washington. D. C. 

My dear Mr. MoGuire: 

Thanks for your letter of the 10th inst., jwt reoeiTod* 
The large soale ohart of Huiboldt Bay whidi you teAt ae 
arriTed on Monday last and I returned it to you the saae day* 
I was working under a good deal of pressure that day and did 
not do a rerj good job on the diart. FnrtherBore, I think I 
forgot to state that all the nasies I put on the chart are in 
the SQQ-lah>tii->i^\t language of Humboldt Bay. 

During the coaing suMer I expect to do a good deal More 
work in this region and shall doubtless obtain additieaal notes 
and also sons corrections, which I shall be glad to add to the 

I earnestly hope that you may be able to carry out your 
project for an iboriginal Awrican Atlas; and I wish I could an- 
swer your question as to what organisation ••would count it a 
privilege to further such an undertaking*** If I knew, I ahouli 
rejoice and be exceeding glad* 

best wishes. 

Very truly yours , 






Hon. Homer P. Snyder 

Mey 12, 1922 

Hon, Homer ?• Snyder 

Chairmen, Ccmreittee on Indian Affairs 

House of Representatives 

Dear Sir: 

Permit me to bring to the attention of your Coinmittee an 
unfortunate use of a term ihich may be easily remedied. I re- 
fer to the term 'Digger' as applied in a tribal sense to vari- 
ous Indian tribes. 

During the past 75 years, it has been used loosely or 
specifically for the Shoshone, Piute, Gosiute, Bannok, and Washoe 
tribes of vericus parts of the Western States, particularly in 
Idaho, Oregon, Utah, and Nevada. 

In California the condition is worse than elsewhere, inasmuch 

as the name has been applied officially by the Government through 

the reports of the Indian Office to such widely separated end 

irtiolly unrelated tribes as the Porno of Sustian Biver, the Midoo 
of the Northern Sierra, and the Southern Mewuk of Yosemite re- 
gion;, ^ile in the literature of the State and in the everyday 
usage of the white people it is forced to do duty for practi- 
cally every tribe from Humboldt Bay to San Diego. Obviously 
therefore it is an utterly meaningless and confusing name, de- 
void of so much as a shadow of tribal significance. Not only 
is this the case, but what is far worse » it is a term implying 
inferiority if not caitempt, and is highly objectionable to 





the ladiant. I, there cay reason why the GoverTu«ent should 
himli.te intelligent, frierdly. and law-abiding Indians l^y 
contimnng the official use of so oft.xmir. a tent? 

Will yoD »ot ki.dly add a clause tc the Bill under your 
•haiga. proriding for the di.conti nuance of the^^^r^f the tern 
•Digger' at applied to any tribe of Indians? 





May 15, 1922 

Dr. W. T. Hornaday. Director 
Hew lort Zoological Park 

Dear Doctor Hornaday: 

My long delay in replying to your inquiry as to the pos- 
sibility of obtaining heads of Oris nelsoni and OtIs .exicanus 
is not due to neglect or lack of interest. I hare talked the 
Mtter orer with both Helson and Sheldon. Sheldon knows of 
the existence of a skull with the skin dried on from near the 
type locality of mexicanus. Helson. it seems, has been inves- 
tigating the practicability of obtaining his namesake from the 
desert region of Southeastern California. My efforts in other 
directions haye failed utterly. 

Ihile in California during the present season, I will keep 
the matter in mind and let you know if I find any promieiog 


Regretting my inability to help you, 

?ery truly yours. 



May 15. 1922 

^iif^ClS^kf u!>. Geological Surrey 
Washington, D. C. 

Dear Colonel Biter: . ^w 

The i.e«t olrcBl.r of 3»r«j jmblictio.. »«t.i» th. 

^ „.« ttxt ..«r.l «. -P .b"»> •' «•'" «' "'"''"'' 
.„ „«. r,.d, for dl.trmtl.n. I -..U b. gr«.tl, .M^.a 
th,»f.T. If T» .ill ki»dly ..»« - for officii ».. t« 
copies each of the following: 

Delta Banch 


San Luis Creek 

Santa Bita Bridge 

Tery truly yours. 

\ \ 


1919 - 16 St. 




ffeshington. D. C. May 16. 1922 

Washington, D. C. May 16, 1922 

Outdoor Life 

Denver, Colo. 

Please chenge the addres? of my copy of Outdoor Life 
for the summer from 1919 - 16 Street, Washington, D. C, to 
Lagunitas, Marin County, California, returning with tiie 
Noi^mber number to the present address, 1919 - 16 Strp^et, 
Washington, D* C. 

Tery truly you is , 

Similar letters to: 

National Geographic Society 


Boonrille Herald 

Bod and Gun in Canada 

Literary Digest 

DMr Arch; 

My, how time fliewl The delegation of California In- 
dient with^ whom I haw been woiking for so long has finally re 
turned to California and I am hard at work closing up the 
Tarious bits of information obtained from them. Bxpect to 
finish this job today. The next job is lo go over my reps 
•ad to select and peck for Lagunitas the Tarious manuscripts 
•na materials likely to be needed at that end of the line. It 

M if we should leare within a week. 

Zenaida is still in Cambridge keeping house for Dorothy 
but will either go with us or join us a little later* 

With love to you and Angie and hopes of seeing you in tht 

Tery near future. 

As STer yours. 

Mr. Aroh M. Gilbert 

liili Bldg.. ^ ,.^ 
San Francisco, Calif# 




Mey 16, 1922 

Mr» Stephen Knight 
Ukiah, Calif. 

Deer Mr. Kni^t : 

Wien I saw you last I thought you all were going to stay over 
long enough to read orer your testiwony before the Coimsittee. 
I was very busy the first part of the week with meetings of the 
Government Geographic Board of which I an Chairman, and when I 
tried to connect with you agsin I learned that you had gone* 

Mrs, Mcrriam and I expect to start for California within • 
week and we shall undoubtedly call at your place during the 
season. If you are away, we will try agpin later on. 

My daughter, Zenaida, whom you met here, is still in Cambridge 
with our older daughter and her baby, but she will join u« in 
California before long. 

I have not heard anything from the House Conmittee siuce our 
hearing, which in my judgment was in the main rather one-aidecL and 
unfair. I am hoping for better luck in the future • 

With best wishes and many thanks for your kindnees to me, and 
for the large amount of information you were good enough to give 


Very truly yours. 





Itoy 16. 1922 

Ir. Alfred Gillia 
Htroult, Calif. 

Dear Ur. Gillis: 

You men got off a little sooner than I expected. I had 
intended to see you again, but ^as engaged fcr a couple of days 
in meetings of the Government Geographic Board of ^ich I an. 
ChairMn. Then I found you had gone. 

fe aw planning to leare for Califcrnie the last of this 
week and I hope to see you at lOK time during the season. 

I wnder if you knew where arg Indians live on Clear Creek 
or near Igo or One. If so. I W',U ^ greatly obliged if you 
will tell r„e whei^ they live, as I want to talk with someone 

from that region. 

I should be glad also to know of any good man at Sodding. 

Anderson, and Red Bluff. 

If you know of anyone at any of these pieces, I should 
greatly appreciate your kindness if you will drop me a line ad- 
dressed to my summer home at Lagunitas. Marin County. 

Our aearing certainly was disappointing^ but I have hopes 

for better luck in the future. 

fith best wishes, and with many thanks for the information 

you gave me while you were here, 

Yery truly yours. 



i^i?i-^tcn!t.1. E^y V. 1^ 

f. I. Adaaa, Accountant 
Smithsonian Institution 
Washington. D. ^^ 

Star Mr. Adaas: 

1 ««4r>^ to leata for California about the fir.t 
I am planning to ibbto i"* 

i.- ij «««T-»tions in the northern pari 
of the week to resume fiald operations in 

of the State. . 

. v.- ^ fV,«T«fore if you will kindly make 
1 shall he obliged theii^fore ii jrwu 

f... the HarriMn Fund of $500 for field 
the usual advance from the narriwiu 

expenses • 

Tery truly yours. 

fit , u...- ^^ 

f \ 








■ »i 

1919 - 16 St. 

i/eshington. D^ 0. Wmj 17. 1922 

Mr. L. A, Lambert 
Picabo, Idaho 

Dear Sir: 

Your letter of May 9 is at hand and I an glad to know that 
you are willing to let us have your Grizzly Beer skull from 
Laidlow Park for the price offered, namely, $10*00. 

Please peck carefully and ship by Express, addressed 
U. 3. Biological Survey, Departroant of Agriculture, Washington, 
D* 0. Please write the locality, sex, approximate date of kill 
ing, and your own naae on a tag attached to th^ skull, and also 
write your name on the outside of the package so there may be 
no mistake as to who it is from. 

After its arrival, $10.00 in payment will be sent you. 

Very truly yours. 

■ft* 1% 



1919 - 16 Stwet ^ 

I. I. Adana, Accountant 
Smithaonian Institution 
Washington. D. 0. 

O^r Mr. Adaw: . v- f th. first 

I en planning to lea.e for California al»ut the first 

of th. weak to reau.. field operations in the northern i-rt 

of the State. 

. v.- ^ t>*T«fore if you will kindly -ake 
I ahall he obliged then^fore ii jw* 

..-_ *v. u...i«in Fund af $500 for field 


ezp6XiMti • 


Tery truly yoara. 


1919 - 16 St. 

rfashington. D. C. Hay 17, 1922 

Mr. !• A. Lembert 
Picabo, Idaho 

Deer Sir: 

lour letter of May S is at hand and I am glad tc know that 
jou are willing to let us have your Grizzly Beer skull from 
Laidlow Park for the price offered, namely, $10.00. 

Please peck carefully and ship by Express, addressed 
Oa S. Biological Survey, Departmant of Agriculture, Washington, 
Da Q. Pleas© write the locality, sex, approximate date of kill 
ing, and your own naae on a tag attached to the skull, and also 
write your name on the outside of the package ?c there may be 
no mistake as to iho it is from* 

After its arrival, $10.00 in payiaent will be sent you* 

Very truly yours » 


"w li 

J Retake of Preceding Frame | 


1919 - 16 St. 
Washington, D. C, 

May 17. 1922 


Mr. George Kennan 

New York 
Dear Mr. Kennan: 

For some time past I have been reading your Biogrephj af 
i. H. Harriman. It is a remarkable book about a remarkable men. 
So many of the incidents related were familiar to me at the 
time of occurence, that your account is of ririd per?onal in- 
terest. The fullness and fairness of your treatment of the 
various thraies leave nothing more to be desired, and after read- 
ing both volumes 1 do not find anything to criticise. 

It is a matter of amazement to me that a man 1*1 ose life 
interests have been literary rather than financial shouii V« 
able to treat Mr. Harriman's business achievements in such a 
■easterly manner* 

It is a great satisfaction to m, and must be also to the 
Harriman family and numerous other friends, that this spltndid 
tribute to his courage, fairness, and achievements is now • 
matter of permanent record* 
With best wishes , 

Tery truly youw. 







1919 . 16 St. 

iaahii^ton, D. C. May 17, 1922 

ftr« f. T* Tan Buren, Chairman 

Labrador CoiBittee, College Physicians db Surgeons 
Mew York City 

Dear Doctor Tan Buren: 

Acting on your appeal of the 6th inet., for support of 
the Labrador Medical lid Station* I an enclosing herewith 
my oheck for $5*00, with best wishes for the success of this 
worthy undertaking. 

The fact that I m doing Aat I can for the help of 
sick and needy California lodiana will explain the amallnes 
of my contribution. 

T*ry tiuly yours. 


1919 - 16 St. 

lashii^ton, D. C. May 17, 1922 

Cherrolet Auto»obile Agent 
San Bafael, Calif. 

Deer Sir: 

1 expect to reach San Rafael within a week from the ti»* 
you will wee ire this letter, and shall be obliged if you will 
kindly put my car in Aape for the road. 

I Mi writing tto Willard Agent by this -ail to deliver tha 

battery to you. 

fitpecting to see you eoon, 

Yery truly yours. 

^ • c 







1919 - 16 St. 

Washington, D. C. liay 17, 1922 

Sperrow Brothers 

Willard Bfittery Apency 
San Rafael, Calif. 

Dear Sirs: 

• I an expecting to reach California in a few days and shall 
be obliged if you will kindly deliver my battery, which I left 
in your hands about the end of last October. to the Chevrolet 
Agent in 3an Rafael so that he mey put my car in condition for 
the road before ay arriral. 

I will pay the bill soon after reaching California. 

Very truly years. 




1919 . 16 Street 
Washipgton, D« C. May IB. 

Hon* Herbert Putnaa 

Librarian of Congress 

■7 dear lr» Putnam: 

I hare a book published a couple of yesrs ago bj 
Hubert Howe BaiK^roft, the title page of liiich reads; ^IbB HI 
Tribes of lest Aaerioa Being the entire section devoted te 
the suthor*s series on the Natire Baces ' Hubert Howe Bancroft 
lew Tork The Bancroft Gonpany^. 

It Is undated sod has no cojpright. The preface, coa* 
tents, and bibliography occupy pages T-zlTii; the body of ths 
book, pages 1-797. There is no index^ 

While the naterial is from Bancroft's Nat ire Baoes of 
the Pacific States, it has been reset. 

Can you giro me the date of publication? 

Very truly yours. 





^ I 


1919 — 16 St 

Washington, D. C. Hay 19, 1922 

Dr. Walter Hough 

U. S. National Museum 
Washington, D. C* 

Dear Doctor Hough: 

In glancing through the Smithsonian Report for 1920, a copy 
of i^ich was receired by this nomipg^s.Bail, I em pained to see 
that you still continue to use the utterly abominable and on* 
jwtifiable term ^Digger* in mentioning tribaa of Califomia In^ 
dians. This occurs on pages 611 and 636 and also on plate 48 
of your interesting article on Racial Groups. 

Probably no one knows better than yourself that for the past 
75 yeers this term has b<?en used loosely or specifically for the 
Shoshone, Fiute, Gosiute, Bannok, and Washoo tribes of rarions 
parts of the West«»ni States, particularly in Idaho, Oregon, Utah, 
and Nevada. 

In Califomia the condition is worse than elsewhere, inasmuch 
as the name has been applied officially by the Government through 
the reports of the Indian Office to such widely separated and • 
wholly unrelated tribes as the Ppmo of Russian River, the Midoo of 
the Northern Sierra, and the Sout hern Mewuk of Yos emits region; 
while in the literature of the State and in the everyday usage of 
the white people it is forced to do duty for practically every 
tribe from Humboldt Bay to San Diego. Obviously therefore it is 
an utterly meaningless and confusing name, devoid of ao much as a 
shadow of tribal significance. Not only is tbis the casSt bnt 


what is far worse, it is a term igplying inferiority if not con- 
tempt, and is hig^^lj .objectionable to the Indians. Is there any 
reason why the Government should humiliate intelligent, friendly, 
and law-abiding Indians by continuing the official use of so of- 
fensive a term? 

I suppose there is little use in protesting agaiwt the 
silly term 'Pujunan', based on a typographical error but still 
perpetuated in scientific publications 

With best wishes. 


Very truly yours. 


4 1 






lashington. D. C* 
Hay 22T 1922 

Col« J. A. MoGuire 
Xditor» Outdoor Life 
Denrer, Colorado 

Dear Colonel McGuire: 

At last I an sending you the long promised article on 
Present Distribution of Grizzly Bears in the United States— with 
appropriate apologies for the delay • 

It ipould have gone to you sone time sgo except for 3 un- 
premeditated interferences, namely: (l) A rerision of certain 
data supplied by the Forest Service; (2) a protracted absence in 
Johns Hopkins Hospital due to a rather serious operation for 
double hernia; (3) the unexpected arrival here of a delegation of 
California Indians with whom I have been hard at work for a couple 

of months. 

In connection with the article mid for its better elucida- 

tion, I have prepared a very crude kind of a laap showing the at 
present- inhabited areas in solid black. I have no hesitation in 
sending it, knowing that your waste basket is capacious and handy% 

I am returning to California this week to undertake another 
season^s field work. My address until November will be lagunitas, 
Marin County, California. 

With best wishes. 

Tery truly youiB, 









1919 • 16 St^ 

Washington, D. C. Hay 22. 1922 

My deer Mrs. Harriman: 

I have read with interest and satisfaction both voliats of 
Kennan^s Biography of Mr. Harriman, which you were kind eimi|^ 
to give me when you were here a couple of weeks ago# 

The book strikes me as remarkable from several points of 
▼iew. The clearness and fairness of presentation impress one on 
every page, lihile the infinite detail in the accounts of finan- 
cial enterprises of great magnitude show a remarkable adaptabil- 
ity on the part of the author, whose previous literary career 
would hardly be expected to have fitted him for such a masterful 
presentation of business transactions. And he has made the book 
interesting from beginning to end. I congratulate you that you 
were so fortunate in tfas selection of a biographer. 

One can hardly read the book without realizing that 
Mr. Harriman was one of the few very great men this country has 
produced. * 

Mrs. Merriam and I were sorry that we were unable to SM 
you again during your brief stay in town. The day after you 
called at the house I spent the entire day at a Hearing of the 
House Conmiittee on Indian Affairs, and the following dsj fSundmy) 
you were out in the forenoon and left for New York in the after- 

Re plan to return to California in a few days, and I shall 
be glad to obtain the information you wish concerning the Redwood 

groves. I think you would greatly enjoy an auto trip through 






these woalerful feres ta, and if you can spare two or three 
days liien in California in the early fall» it womld give ma 

■nch pleasure to act as your guide. In case the trip by auto 
from 3an Francisco might prove too fatiguing, you could go to 
lureks on either the day or the ni^t trsin end from 1!ureka 
could visit by auto the most interesting groves both south end 
nort^ of Humboldt Bay. 

Please let i^ know iriisn you go to California so that I may 
not be abaent on a field trip* 

fith best wiriies, 

Tory truly jsaiSt 

Mrs. S. U. Harriman 
1 last 69th Stnet 
lew York City 







J919- 16 Street 
Waahir^ton. D. C. 

May 23, 1922 

Mr. RaBington Kellogg 
Washington, D. C. 

Bear Mr. Kellogg; 

This mcrniriR's mail brought me a copy of your paper entitled 
li55i£®l!. Xr2? .IL\05:^M and Pleistocene Deposits of Califomie'. In 
looking it oTer hastily (as I am now pecking for my season's field 
work in California). I an delisted to see that you have been able 
to assemble so much meterial, and that you have treated it in such 
a thorough and satisfactory manner, thereby advancing to a notable 
degree present knowledge of the group. 

Forty years ago I undertook the collection of meterial with a 
view tc the publication of a revision of the group. I began by 
coUecting skulls, skeletons, and skins in the lower river and Gulf 
of 3t. Lawrence, and in 1883 went to Newfoundland and thence to 
the ice-floes between labrador and Greenland in order tc study Seals 
on the ice during the breeding season. ?rom that time until the 
present I ha^e continued the collection of materiel, bringing to- 
gether what I suppose to be by far the largest collection eitant 
of the North American living species. But I have never studied any 
of the fossil forms. 

Your admirable paper therefore is greatly appreciated. It is 
always a satisfaction to see a much needed job well done and I 
congratulate you on having produced so important a contribution to 


our knowledge of the Mammalia. Incidentally, your painstaking 
•Check Ust of Fossil Pinnipedia' will be a great help to all future 
workers in the field. 

th best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 






1919 - 16 Street 
Washington, D. C. 

Washington. Maj 23. 1922 

Maj 23, 1922 

Dear Doctor Hough: 

Thanks for your letter of yesterday in reply to my pro- 
test against the use of the name 'Digger* for a California 
Indian tribe. 1 am very glad to know that you ere willing to 
change the name to that of the tribe in question. 

The proper name of this tribe is Middle Mewuk. There 
are three Mewuk tribes on the flank of the Sierra— Northern, 
Middle, and Southern. The group of houses shown in 'the 
Museum model is at Kuttopgah rancheris one mile north of the 
old mining camp known as lurphys* I have several photographs 
of these same houses taken by me many ywrs ago; also of the 
Indians inhabiting this ranch eria. 
With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 

Dr. Walter Hough 

U* 3« National Museum 
Washington, D. C. 

Capt. Will C. Barnes 
U« S. Forest Service 
Washington, D. C« 

Bear Captain Barnes: 

Thanks for yours of the 18th inst.. just received. 
When you hear from the proper people about the Trinity map 
names, please drop me a line addressed to Lagunitas where we 
expect to arrive on Monday, the 29th of this month* 

When you reach San Prancisco, please phone to Lagunitas 
and inquire if we are there. There is only one phone in the 
place, and that is in the store close to the railroad. The 
store man will tell you liiether or not we are away on a trip* 
If we are home, please leave your name and call number and I 
will call you up when 1 go for the mail. If you can spare the 
time, I should be mi^ty glad to meet you at Sausalito or 
San Rafael and bring you out to our place. This applies also 
to Mrs. Barnes, if she is with you. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly you is. 







* ! 







C. Hart kerriam 

Of the wild animals inhabiting the weatern half of North 
America in the days of our forefathers, three were of surpassing 
interest. These were the Bearer, the Buffalo, and the Grizzly. 

The Bearer, because of the value of its pelt, was the 
chief incentire to most of the hardy trappers and adrenturers who 
sought their fortunes in our western wilds; the Buffalo, be- 
cause of its size, the superiority of its flesh, and the ease 
with ^ich its hides were oonrerted into robes, was the moat 
prized of the game animals; the Grizzly, because of its bold- 
ness and prodigious strength was universally respected, for of 

all American animals it was most to be feared and therefor 


most worthy of the hunter's rifle. Its place in Ame 

rioa cor- 

responds to that of the Ucn in Africa, the Tiger in India. 
No animal left a deeper impress on the annals of exploration 
in the West. Prom the days of Lewis and Clark to those of 
Palliaer and Colonel Pickett it was the ambition of every red- 

blooded American to try his mettle, and even at the present 
day the mention of Ha name is enough to cause a thrill. 

The territory claimed by the Grizzly nhen first chal- 
lenged by the white man covered nearly two- thirds of the 
United States, extending from the shores of the Pacific ecrt-'iry 
to the^edge of the Great Plains^ along the Minnesota-Dakota 
boundary, and from far north in the Canadian proTinces south- 
ward not only to Texas and Arizona, but eren into Mexico as far 
as the mountains of the state of Durango. 

Speaking in general terms, the Grizzly was a fores t-loring 
animal. HeTertheless there were species on the plains, making 
their homes in the brushy arroyos and sallying out on the open 
grass-lands to attack the Buffalo. 

Because of their size, strength, and uneven temper, they 
were jictly feared by the native Indian tribes and their numbers 
did not suffer material reduction until long after the advent 
of the white man* But although they were conspicuous targets 
and few frontiersmen allowed one to pass without a challenge. 






nererthelesa the old tiae mizzle- loading rifles, aaiall of caliber 

and tedious of ectionwere little more effectire than the 


rows of the Indiana. So it was not until the arriral of breech- 
loading and higher power gune that the Grizzly found hii«elf 
facing an enemy he waa not qualified to aeet. The ineri table re- 
sult was decrease— a decrease that became more and more pro- 

nounced 83 the country became settled, until the 

sumrora were 

forced to retreat to the mountain faatnesses; and as time went 
on these were more and more intaded by huntera until at present 

most of the species of Grizzly that inhabited the United Stat 


a century ago are already extinct, and of those still liring the 
surriTors are restricted to a few areas where unless rigorously 
protected they will aoon diaappear altogether. 

?or a number of years I hare been collecting informati 


on this subject, and through the kindly cooperation of the U.S. 
Biological Surrey and Forest Serrice I hare been able to map 
with considerable accuracy the few areas still inhabited by Gria- 
zlies. This is shown graphically on the accompanying map » HiT h 

in connection with which the following details see. worth «- 



The present range of Grizzly Beaia within the United States 
is confined to ,hat is commonly called the Bo<±y Mountain region, 
there being no recent authentic record: from either the Great 
Plains or the Pacific Coast. 

In the Bocky Mountains, Grizzlies still occur here «d 
there fro. the Canadian boundary in northeastern Washington, 
northern Idaho, and northwestern Montana, southeasterly to north- 
em Hew Mexico; while west and south of the a,cky Mountaina 
proper, a few inhabit local areas in the desert lara beds of 
Idaho and Oregon, and isolated mountains in Utah. Arizona, and 
southern Hew Mexico. But the only parts of the United States in 
*ich they are still present in any considerable numbers are the 
northwestern comer of Montana and extreme northern Idaho, the 
Yellowstone National Park with adjacent territory on the north, 
east, and south, and certain mountainous parts of Colorado. 



I i 

i I 




Im the State of WashiMton a few still exist in the 
lenatche-Chelan forests of the eastern slope of the Cascades, a 
few in the rou^ country in the northern part of ColTille Indian 

Reserration just south of the Canadian boundary, and acre in the 

Kaniksu forest adjoining the Priest Lake^ of northern Idaho. 

In Idaho, which was one of their great stron^olds, they 

are still fairlj plentiful in the Priest Lake and Kootenai 

forests of the extreae northern end of the State, hut elseiAere 

appeer to be restricted to the Bitterroot, Lolo, Clearwater. 

and Salron River Mountains, a narrow strip bordering Yellowstone 

Part on the west, and the Snake RiTcr lara beds between Minidoka 

and Arco *ere a •T)warf'' species is said to lire. The Idaho 

Rational /ore^ts froa *ich they are reported are the Clearweter. 

Kaniksu. Pend OreiUe. and Silway. Fifty years ago I saw ser- 

eral Grizzlies on the eastern border of Idaho in what was then 
known ea Pierres Hole or Teton Basin, where two years later 


(September 20. 1874) the type 8peci.en of Umnn <^i.Wt.,4^ ^g | 

killed by Richard I«igh, m old trapper better knom as "^aTer Dick." 
^° KPfi^aM- ^^y »PP«ar to t>e restricted aainlv to the ■oub- 


tains of the western part where they occur in 3 areas of consid- 
erable size: (1) The northwestern comer, froa the eastern edge 
of Glacier National Park westerly orer the Kootenai and Priest 
Lake region of northern Idaho End the northeastern comer of 
Washington; (2) the Bitterroot Bange on the Idaho-Montana boundary 
and adjacent W)untain8 on hoth sides of Missoula BiTer; (3) the 
mountainous region innediatelj north and west of Yellowstone 
Hational Park« The aost Msterly locality still inhabited is 
the Snowy Bange — unless a few still exist in the Pryor Mountains, 
The Montana Hational Forests from which they are reported by the 
forest Serrice are the Absaroka , Beartooth, BeaTerhead^ Bitter* 
root, Blackfeet, Cabinet, Flathead, Gallatin, Jefferson, Kootenai, 

Lewis and Clark, and Missoula* 

In Jbttlilft* ^^y ®^® well knovL in and 

iately adjoining 

lellowstoBt Park and a few still remain in the Absaroka, Shoshone, 

Teton, Wind^iver, and Salt Hirer Mountains, while farther east ex- 

piring remnants are still reported from the Bighorn Mountains on 

the north and the Medicine Bow Mountains on the south* Only two 

years ago specimens were secured in the Salt Birer Mountains south 

of Grand Canyon of Snake Biyer and west of the upper part of 
Green Biver Basin# 


In^ptah^ OM or two are stid to haie thus fer escaped de- 
struction in the upper Weber River region of the Wasatch Baqge, 

a few in the eastern pert of the Uinta Mountains, and in the 
Fishlake and Hanti Fores ts« A few jears ago thej were fairly 
common in the Wasatch and Uintas and in the »mntains east of 
the SCO them part of San Pete Talley, ad occurred also on Pine 
Talley Mountain in the southwestern corner of the State# 

In CQlQrflt |Q.irfiftrQ they seem to be holding their own bet* 
ter than elsei^iere in the United States, they still occur in 
most of the mountain ranges and have been reported during the 
paet two years from the following National Pores ts: ArmpahOt 
Battlement, Gunnison, Holy Cross, Montenmia, Mo Grande, Bmtt» 
Santa Isabel, San Juan, and ffiiite Birer^ 

In KoLilazxaa* Gritzlies still inhabit two widely weparmted 
parts of the State, species from the Boeky Mount sins coming 
south from Colorado in the Sangre de Cristo Buage as far as the 
mountain country between Las Tegas and Santa Pe, while in the 
southwestern pert other species occupy three disoonneoted 
ranges— the MogoUon, Black, and San Mateo Mountains of the 
Batil and Gila National Porests. Only a few years ago still 






other rai^M were iahabitad, Inolndiog the Tolcanio 1K« Taylor 
lAiere the type tpeeiBea of tho big cattle-killing Tlr»n» 

MB killed in July 1916. 

vaa killed la the DaTia Mona- 



during ly field wcrk on the northern plateau in 1889, 
In ixiifin. < they wre atill to be found 

«a San rraauiaeo. Sitgrearea. aad Bill Williav lonntaina. but 

now are heliered to be cztiaet except in iaolated apota aloi^ 

the Plataaa ria froa the caoyoaa of tla Upper Terde eouth sf 

lillias^ eoathaaaterly to the Arisona-iea Mexico bouadary. 

Daring the peat year Grizsliaa were nported by the Biclegical 

Snnray and foreat Sarriee from 3 loealitiea along the aonthem 

edge of the Flateaa, aaaely: (1) Oj^rTerde and Sycamore 

Canyoaa; (2) the Ibgelloaa norfhaaat of Payaon; and (3) the Bine 

Moutalna. Baldy, Boae Peak, Middle Mt. and Sagle Cnek in the 

Apaehe National Porsat. Parther aouth, one aaa reported fron 

the Uncon MoantaUM aorllieaat of Tnoaon. In the fall of 1918 

one waa killed in the Bradahaa Honataina aouthaeat of Preaoott; 





•nd in •arly Aajw Grii«lie« of other specios iwro kiHod U 
tho Chtuka MonntaiBs in the northeattorn oornflr of the Stato 
(on the Ariiona-Ie» Mezieo boundary), and in the eztnM south 
near Hogales on the irisona-Mezieo booadaxy. 

IiXB4l*~ '^ OriMliet are know from any part of HoTada. 
Q a lifATJiu — It ia poaaible that one or tno GristliM mj 
atill be in hiding in aoae of the ragged Mantaina of Califomin 
altboagh long oontinued aearoh haa failed to diaoorer thea. Im 
northwestern California and throughont the length of the Siorrn 
Herada, where fonwrly they were notorioaaly abundant mi jwtly 
dreaded by Indites and ninera. not one ia known to be left. Iha 
laat poaitire record ia that of a fenale killed in the San 
Gabriel Mountaina near Paaadena in October 1916. 

Qaujfltt.- The last Grizzly killi^ in C.,gc= of which I haro 
personal knowledge was shot with a set gun at the east base of 
the Caicade Baoge near old Fort KLttath a few .ilea north ttf 
Upper Klamath lake in 1894 or 1895; and Sher»ni Powell »corda 
the kilUng of one in the Caacadea on or near Molenzie Biw in 



Septaiber 1894. 

In former years they inhabited the Blue nd Wallowa Moun- 
taina of noTtheaetern Oregon, and the forest country and half- 
open walUya between the Oaacades and the Coaat Bangea aa far 
north u Willamette Talley. 

But ia addition to the big Griaaly, we hear erery now and 
then of a "Dwirf Griaaly" in the lara beds of eastern Oregon- 
«f *idi aa yet no specimens ha to come to hand. Thus during 
the paat year (1921) the forest Service reports 15 'n)warf firiz- 
xlias" fram the lava beds of the Port Cit>ok region in tha 
Besohntas lotional Jbreat, and othere ("rery scarce") in Yieinity 
of SUTor Lake in tha Premont Poreat. Here is an opportunity 
for sane snterpriaing hater to enjoy a fine 

and at the 

nmu time make a maeh needed contribution to the knowledge of 
our imericmn gam animala. 

Tnt l l Wi Ml innr 1nt t«— It is impossible of ooursa to ascertain 
just how many Grizzlies stiU remain in the United Stataa. but 
tha estimates of the Poreet Serrioe and Biological Surrey in- 

i f 





dioate the total to be not far tram 800. of which hj far the 

tar noAber aro in Montana and Colorado. 

for the information on whidi the poresent article is baeed 

indebted ■ainly to officers and rangers of the U. 3. 

larest Serrice and to officers and predatory aniaal inapactora 
of the U« S« Biological Snrrej. limitation of apace forbids 

da tailed acknowl edgma st to individaala* 

Apgaal for aid>~ There arc a amiber of kinds of Gria- 
sliaa-^-soKe large, aome aaall; aose with dosed akulla^ soaa with 
flat skulls; sose with big teeth/ acme with little taeth*-bnt 
tha apeciMaaa in our snaeiiBS are ttr too few to famish the data 
Beaded for Mpping the areaa inhabited by tha different apeoiea* 
larsons poaaeasingt or knowing tha wharaaboata of Griizly akiilla^ 

ttar how old or imperfect « will confer a faTor by notify* 

lag the author* 


1919 - 16 Street 
iMhiflgtoD, D. C* 

M»jU, 1922 








Mr« John Bowley 

Los Angeles Museioi 
Los Ingeles, Calif* 

Deer Mr. Bowlej: 

lour letter reaches ne just as I an leafing for mj auMMr 

headquarters at Lagunitas, Marin County, California. It it 
therefore impracticfifele for me to attend to the return of 
Mr. Sims on 's Bear sbilla* Thia, howerert can be done hy the Bi- 
ological Surrej during my absence, if it la necessary* 

I should much prefer to keep them another season, as I hare 
by no means ooiapleted their study. Additional slralTs of Big 
Beats from the coast region of AlgHeTsra and British Colusbia are 
atill owning in, and it is very desirable to go over them for the 
list time ihen all are together* 

During the pest winter, owing to pressure of other work, 
and also to my absence for a period in Johns Hopkins Hospital, I 
hare not been able to do any work on the Bears, so if I asy re- 
tain these skulls another year, it will be Tery helpful. 

I hope to see you in Los Angeles before returning to Wash- 
ington, and stell greatly enjoy a look at the wonderful collec- 
tions I am hearing about. Ihat a splendid thing it is that 

Mr. Simeon is placing on the Pacific Coast such a magnificent 
collection of African gmB animala. 

Vith beat wishes, 

Tory truly yours , 

^ *«•-»' 


yV^./^ - w- 



Washington. D. C, 
Maj 247 19^ 

B. A. Whall, Manager 
■jtropollUn lir Goods Coaimy 

IthOl, 11888. 

Dear Sir: 

About 8 year ago you saat ae, addressed to ay stner hoae 
at Xagonitas. California, a Browny Cnp Pad sisa Ho. 1. 25 by 
48 inches. This joroTed very satisfactoiy. and I shall be 
obliged if you will send m another, si th bill for your 
early conrenienca. 

If you send by Srpreas, address ae at San Geroniao, Marin 
County. Califoraia (there being no Ixprsss office at lagunitas). 
If you send by parcel post, address ae at Lagunitas. Marin Coim- 
ty. California. In either case, send bill to latter address. 

Teiy truly yours. 



V/>w/^ ^^- 

lashington, Msy 24, 1922 

S)oker Hat ional Bank 
San francisco. Calif. 

p,Ut» B.«k of ».,hl,«t«.. D. C; for ftre. Hundred Dollar. 
($300.00). *lcbHn«J credit «..,«=«>»«. 

„ .ddr... mm Ho-bT -ill b. Ugonit". «-- ':-"*^- 

California, as usial. 

Yery truly yours. 


1919. 16 Street 
Washington, D. C. 

May 25, 1922 

Mr. Horec© M. Albright 

Deer Mr. Albri^t: 
• Iher, are just t,. spot, i. tb, .hole ^u *e„ „„„! 

.11 """'" °' ""^^^^ "''* •-- •*"■" '«^»"-er 

or „ the ,™ region. On. of the.e pl.oe. i, stiHn. M„r i. 

Br^feh OotahU; the other ie„t.„. H.,io„l Park. 

The probable explanation of this ext^in^' 
that fv. p u . •xtraordinaiy fact is not 

that the Park is the center of /liof^-v *• 
fer«nf T^ v„ distribution or erolation of dif- 

rtion ' '"''' '^'' -''' ''-' '-^ -^ ^° this 

Owing to the pitifull, s»all n^^ber of skulls of Grizzlies 
thus far obtained fn,m the Park it h«, K • ^^^^^^"s 

• ^^ ^•^ impossible to det^T- 
miDe the characters of the «*i-a ^ * , 

**"• "*^" «»d females of the several 
species and to ascertain the facta of tv. ,• 

It in nr fK . ^"'' P^'^eent distribution* 

It IS of the utmost i»port«ce therefore to obtain n.ore sn 
particularly skulls of adults fro. the Pari G '"* 

this matter? I am sure th . ^°" °°* ^^^^ ^" 

"i* 1 am sure that you can. 

^^ing the pest dozen veers I h«,« v 

-.... .„„ .... ™, :.....■ xrjrrL';;: 

of astern Worth America. The .r *v , ^ 

®^tent of the collection i« nn 
precedented, and future stu<i«nf- * « abcciod is un- 

ruture students of Bears for all time to c<»s 












»• - 



; 1 



Mr. Horace M. All)ri^t 

will be obliged to work with the National Uusenm series* For 
this re aeon erery effort ehcuia be maae to increase the useful- 
ness of tti e collection before all of the species hare become 
extinct— for as you dcubtless know, most of the species of 
United States Grizzlies hare already disappeared from the face 
of ttie earth. 

I shall be glad of coarse to pay all expenses connected 
with the securing ani shipment of specimens, and also to pey the 
■an who gets them f^r his trouble in the matter. 

Tn case you are able to secure any Grizzly skulls for us 
durii^ the coming ««a«on, I shall greatly appreciate your courtesy 
in the matter* Such specimens should be securely pecked and 
shipped by Sxpress (chaiiges collect), addressed D. S. Biological 
Sur-vey, Department of /\griculture , Washir^ton, D. C. All skulls 
should be tagged with the name anJ address of the collector, and 
the locality, and approximate date of killing. 

lou may be interested to know that it is just 50 years 
since I visited Yellowstone lake and Geyser Basins. 

Tery truly yours. 




■ r 

Ubj 25. 1922 

Mr. P. W. Ashby 

Superintendent Heading Room 
library of Congress 
Washington. U. C, 

Dear Sir: 

I shall be obliged if you will kindly permit 
Miss Stella E. Clemence to have d«k space for her typewriter 
at the Congressional Library. She will be working there for 
me for several months, and would be glad to have access to her 
typeTTriter at any hour itien the Library is open. 

Miss Clemence will require no introduction, having worked 
in the Library at different times for a number of years* 

Very truly yourg. 

Chairman, U. S. Geographic Board 


1919 - 16 ot 

May 25, 1922 

CFDt. K. Krefe 
Police Station No 
V<8shington, D. 0. 

Dear Sir: 

My home. 1919 - 16 Street, will be closed for the sun- 
mer on or about the 26th inst., anH I phrll bo ^^^reatly oblif^ed 
^if j/ou willt.kindly request your patrolmen to notice the 
pjnomiscs from time Xo time as they pass. 

There is a n^R of "ti^^d boys in 1he neighborhood who 
take speci^al delight in climbinr on top of my G«rar;e and in- 
flicting .various damages to the propf=^rty, such ^.s tefiring 
d'own down-spouts, smashing windows, garage skylight, etc. A 
great deal of damage was done during my e'bsence last summer. 

The house will be ^^los^ed Burir^, the absence of my family 
in California until about the end 't)f October. 

Very truly yours , 




■ -^ / ■ 


Wa8hi]:«ton, May 21?, 1922 

Mr. W. I. Adams 

Accountant, Snithsonian Institution 
Washington, D. C. 

Desr Mr. Adams; 

As usual, I here \>een delayed beyond expectation ic getting 
off for Californie, but am now leaving. 

I am enclosing three bills *ich I stall be obliged if you 
will pay direct froE the Harriman Pnnd— one to B. ». Huebsch for 
Parson's 'iaericsn Indian Ufe'. U-Ui one to Science Press for 
$7.50, and one to L. A. Lanbert, Picabo. Idaho, for one Grizzly 
Bear Skull, $10.00. 

I shall be obliged also if you will send a pey check to 
Mrs. Blanche M. Uagness. 256 - 9th Street HJ, at the rate of $5.00 
per day. as heretofore, for serTices as stenographer and typist 
frot May 1 to 30 inclusiTe. 

My address until the end of October, or until farther notice, 
will be Lagunitas, Marin County, California. 

Thanking you for numerous courtesies, and with best wishes 
for a comfortable summer. 

Very truly yours. 



?.919 - 16 Street 
Washii^tcn, D. C. 


May 26, 1922 


WaidiiagtoB, 0. C. 

Dear Sir: 

On and after this date, and until the latter part of 
October, my address and that of ^y family will be lagunitas, 
Marin County, Calif. I shall be obliged theiBfore if you 
will hare all iBoomiBg^m^ri addressed to C. Hart Merriaa. 
Irs. C. Hart Merriam, and Miss Zenaida Merriam. fomarded to 
legonitas, Calif. 

▼ery truly yours. 

Washington, May 26, 1922 

Washii^ton Gas^Id^t Company 
4l3 - lOth Street 

D. C. 

Today I am leaving for California and do not expect to 
return until the end of October. I have turned the gas off where 

it enters my house, 1919-16 Street. 

Yery truly yours. 





.A \ 

^ . H^ 

-- -"^ ■■-.-^^. 


'' . 


Washington, May 26, 1922 


Water Department 
District Building 
Washington, D. C. 

Today I an learing for California and do not expect to 
return until the end of October. I hare turned the water off 
itere it enters my house, 1919 - 16 Street. 

Very truly yours , 

1919 - 16 Street 
Nashington. D. C. 

lay 26. 1922 

Washington, May 26, 1922 

Potomac Sleotric Power ComnanT 
231 - 14th Street *^ 

Washioeton. D. C. 

I have today closed mj house, 1919 - 16 Street, for the 
summer and am learing for Califomia to be gone until about 
the end of October. I have turned the current off from mj 
house, at the switch under the front steps. 

▼e ly truly youa , 

Chesapeake db Potoaac Telephone Co. 
725 • 13th Street 
Washington, D. 0. 

Todaj I m oLosing my honae for the snapaer ard do not 
expect to return imtil the end of October. I ahall he obliged 
therefore if you will turn my phone off. Phome nnmib^r 

lorth 5198. 

Tery truly yours , 






I '^f 





June 6, 1922 

Daar Mr Adairs; 

Herewith I am encloe;vp p,v .rr.,^. 
^ ?5^0fc..O, which I an&.l.l be oHj^-eri .• f 
J -com L..,8 Harriraan fund. 
^ the way home V7i th the car T 'i • * • 

SOOd one i« l„,t ,„„ j^^, : ■"• *"••• *. oni;, „„, 

t"t a.a not ,..t th. r,..,,^ ,, , 7^*' ''° ^^°°'' ""« f"»'- *72) 

^^ry truly yours, 




C.Hart liferriai:n 

I«gunita8» Marin Co., Calif, 
BxpfensQ accor.nt for Ma^ 13PZ 


*^ S»oeper, Washimton to San Franciaco 

*» Barra.':^ out .60: Dinner on B&O Diner Sl.^^. 

&J3 FranoiBco; Bae^a^e .45: street cars .J>0 
W?Si*^J;."^r'' ^^«€<»JtorSK^of Car ect.-lfciySO 1 

tTf?" Bros. storage & charginp; Battery 

r'r!^'?L^ ^fn*'®'*^* ^iJ^J crease, 5 labor on car 
Gasoline, 10 ^als @B4 cts 

Oar License for 19221 State tax) 

?5jf::^rg%t"L^'.!5,hss'"'" fro„.„hi,«to„ 3 

Carbon paper 
Field note book 

toenel & Becker, San Rafael: 2 New Ajax tir»s k tubes w 
Clmrwoinan. Cleaning office rooms,tashn. month May 4 ^ 

Two hundred, eieht ))))))) 

)) fifty ) ) ) 




























72 00 

5 00 

208 50 










r.initas, Calif. 

Mrs J.J. Dai ley 

Burnt Rancn, Caiil. 

Dear lira Dftiltry: 

On arrivir^ here a f flw davs pro I found a couple of 
bubuelB of acc-uni;lat6d nail, and ir. po:nr, throwrh i* have corne 
to your letter .xiui i^arcel da'.ea May -). Jm very plad to see the 
plants. The big one is Fritillanti lanueclata. It has several 
cor-on manee: Bronze BelU; Wiaaion Balis, and Rice root. It is 
one of tlie Lillies and is very co.inon rJ&ht he) e about it; house, 
uhera at the p:*eent time dozens of its tall 8taL<*j conspicu- 
ous with their matieroue w.ngaa .^raen pode. 

Thie srialle- riant is the beautiful orchid Calypso. Its 

botanical r-jua© is Cai.pBo borealis. I 

no-^tai.s ).ear rrry former homa in northern Ne-.v York, am also l.ere 

on 1^,. Tai^ip^iiB, oTKi I 1U.V3 foi^r^ it also in the Rocky Kta. and 

t growb in ^lie Adirondack 

in ilaska 


I liKve not heard from Mr Harrir^-^on lately and do no' 

know he is at present. 

I shall br, tlad at any time to identify plants for you 

Yery tndy yours. 





Mr Fanlay Hunter 
Fluaiiiij^-, Nftv, y^rK 

M; daar kr Hunt ar; 

L£VbUnita8, Gblif 
June 6, 1922 

Yon hava good reason to thinX ma umppreciative and 
UDgratBf-a, whereus in reality I ,^ neither. Instead of raachir^ 
I^janitas about the end -of March, aa expected. I arrived lese than ' 
a w»«k a-o. Haa a flood of thin£;8 U attend to all at once, not ^ 
to mention a coT.plo of bushels of accwmjlp + ed. mil. j 

So at this, Irtte data I am a<iao?/ledginf; your letter 
and tha fine albm of Ha«Baiborgiana v^.th additiors-^inllv.di.v- yo.u* 
letter of mj 8,-^11 of whiah I m. vevy ftlad to have. ' j 

By thas .-anil I a.., aerdir,- t}ie promised riap of Aia.'.;:a ' 
8howine areas frora vmlch skulls of Big Bears .re cadly needed-the 
darlcer the blue the nore they are nseuod. Any skull of an adult 
Big Bear Troii any ptu-t of Alaska or Britien Columbia will be halp- ' 
ful. but skulls from the large areas indicated u.-, purticuLirly im - ' 

portant. . ' ^ [ 


Have done a lot of work with Indians of half a dozen 
tribes einoe I saw you and have sac^ured a splendid lot of m^erial. 
Ana in a fev; d^-s Wrs M. and ny daughter and I are starting ncrth ' 
by auto in the liope of finishing, v/ith several tribes. 

Should you by any chance come to the Coast this aeasor 
we should be .li.-^Iity glad to sho^v you sou-e of the ccrntry about lit 

With many ihankf^ and kindest r6^;ard8, 

V^ry truly youra. 


--, '4- 




•^^:tI}U^f; %^>^ 


Col. J. A. M(:Guire 

Denver, Colorado. 

Dear Colonel McGuire: 

Tba^ues for ym-r letter of May 31, with enclosure. 

ytj r^^rsonal observations r^r. Grizzlies v;ere laade so lor« ago t;,.at 
the-, have no bearing on present oor^i^^ons, for which reason I 
vad" to relv on data furnished by the Biological Survey and Forest 
Service, a's statea in ny article. Tae Fores.. lU.^ar. or Supervis- 
ors gave figv-res for a nmber of the National Forests, ard these I 

• 4. „v,/^ aa ii'<«l" *o r^^fset one another in mt- 
accepted as approxi-vite arxl as li/cei, 

♦er of relative abTindanca. having nothing to check by 

But as your infortaation or this hoaa seens to be 
.ore authentic. I a. entirely wiUir^ to be ^ndad by your :.» 
and authorize you to ci^a the statement on top of page 11 of ny » 
to read -of «hich by far tne greater n.unber appear to be in Montana 

and W-yotning." ,^,u.r* 

On pae-e ^ you my strike out the clauw readz ng-where 

the-^ 33e. to be holdir.: their own better thar.l«e«her« in the Uniteu 
Sta;es.. The enumeration of ti^^^^r^onal Forests in .hich they 
are said to occur iB fro. the Forest S rvice. If yc ^no, ..y o 
these to be wro^. .^ndly stnke out. ■ It is hard to get reliab e 

-. f..r^-d +0 rel" on the reports of a lot of differ- 
data where one is forced to rei, v 

e;it .nen. x^re^ of whom are not hunters. 

Hope the 'nap" arrived finally. 

Very truly yours. 

( . 






I : 

I i 


■ ii 




, f 

f- ■ 'I 

r y 

State Hirhv/a^^ CoccroisBion 
Sacrananto, Calif. 

Dear Sirn: 

Jvm 10,19?2 

Will yrvi k^rdly eer«i me a copy or blue prln* of ^oiir imj. of 
CoaBt H5{;]i^ay nlnr^ RriBBJan, Sou^h Pork Ke] ard nair i5el hi vers? 

R;ring the pas^^. three yeara i have driven over thia road 
fourt^^en tiaes^ ayid 8::iall ,30 over it again fn a fev days. I am 
locating the old houndar5<»R of the Indian trih<»B and thc^ sites of 
their vfllii/jeB, and '^'^tairiing their native nanies f->r ^^^^ varions 
{^aoerrafJiia point b alor^ the way. But I ha\e no good map on which 
to plat the dtxtii sec^ared. 

I have nijnerons Indian rjiries for locaiitiee alonp: the 
coast in the Hiauboidt Bay ref^on and thence nor^h *o ^»"<«5 la^^nonsf 
arai KL-^nath mouthy and should appreciate a "mp of thia part of the 
routd aieo, if yon hava one to spare. 

^ery truly -''onrfi. 







Rev. 7, G, Collett 

Indian Boanl. Cooceration 
Washir^on, f).C/ 

Mj' dear If ColUtU Thanks for v^ur !«*♦«.« .f » o. 

^ui u u , ' .our .ie...9ra of Ma^ ?? and J-me 8 

which have heen forwarded fron Washir.cton. 

the ...„. lr?'V° '"'''' ^'^ ^"'" ^^^^^^^^^^ - ^^^ -^tar of 
w-e T,n.Bt patente, feAlinp- that f^r- +i, 

had rast. •"""'' **' '""* *^« ™**- 

in the ,natt,r of th, obn„,i.„,a -an, -K.^r- I h«i „„t 

£ a .U,.e .„ «e ...1„ ,^,, ,„^,„^^, ^,^ ^^ J* " 

ficient. With this i- view T *r-.f. .i, «. 

nuttee on Indian Affairs or May ir ,,^,^. ,, , ^ ""'"'^ ^''" 

ae stated in ^. letter to f. n ' "'^"^ '-* '"^^'« ->^ "Martially 
ouoted ^, - Gon,r.38ioner and ir tha 8tat...nt 

quoted hy you m your letter of Ma. 20 to tv,, n..^,- • 

aa ar,pll«, u «„. .^^ „, j^.^^^,_ ' -'» *- D..»Ksr 

>"^are I v,ork l,,at,«r fiald trip.. "AJ^.t-as, Calif., 

Ver;.' tnily yours, 

I farrrtt t„ .jj n.V^. "f 'h? 

,'" *^'* *>^"' ♦-"■'>\r-artic..Ur f.rihfl !„ t.,„,„„„. . , 

♦ho t,™ Krrer^ i„ „,-fi.i»„ ,. ™° ^'"'"*'' *" 'hich 


larunitaB, Oalif. 
June 15, 1922 

Mr Donald Dickey 
514 Lester Avenue 
Paeaaenft, Calif. 

Dear Mr Dickey: 

Ycur letters of Ba^ 23 and June 3 have reached jrie here at 
our California horee, T/hich will be r>\\r headquarters until the end 
of October, 

Sorry to miss yon when you pass thru WaBhington, I'Ut hope 
to see you all here at lApunitas after your return. 

The loBS of that Grizzly ekull certainly ia a calamity, as 
another skull wuld have been most helpful in establifthinr. the char- 
acters of th? species. One of tn* saddest thinrs about cry work 
with the Bir Bears has been the absence of suitable series of adult 
FBilee od seiveral of the species. 

fi--t}iat is, Urs Iferriam, Zenaida and I- -are just about 
aottinri Out on a oai-npi-t^ field trip in the mountains of the north- 
west t*m part of the State. We have a big seasons work ahead and 
mKp0Ot to he in the field most of the tine till the rains drive us 
out. With kindest regards to you all, 

Very truly yours. 




Jfejor K. A. Golilr^n 

U, S. BiolojTJcsti Survey 

D^ar Golcui>ft.n: 

June 15. 1922 

•Riwiks for your last letter, racolvad before laavir^^ Wash". 

Pi'jasft toll na about a "Wolf" skin and skull sent byL. A. 
Ford o^- tho Hunboldt Bay country. Ib it r»ally a Timber Wclf? If 
so it is the first spicaaan to r»ach an:; musoum in the world, eo far 
aa I am awars. The sicuU is said to bo badly shattered; neve-th-e- 
l9Ba it will be aiGhty nice to have the j.iscas for cofrparison. And 
how H^out the skin' Has it ths face and feet attached? Please 
have it put in the best possible condition as it ie likely to be 
the only one ever got fro« California. All alor- I've ].ai a dread 
i«Bt it Bhor.ld t! rn out to te a bi»< Co -ote. 

Oscar hxTKiry of Bc^lla CooU, B.C., liae Just 8Dnt in anotner 
Grizzly skull, said to oe a Mfj rrnia. Kindly iiavo dOiaa one write 
me as to iic oojc. si^ia, ar^ oomition, so I luay pay for it accordiigt. 

Osfing to the moist and long Bprine the vec^^tat ion is mora 
than U8*aally luxuriant, anci the flowers ? or 3 ^e^f^ late, ae a ra- 

suit of .vhich the whole country is in bioori and wondarfuilT baauti- 

Spacrucinrj of flo^vsrs. wa have a C^15forma Qi^ail's nast 
within 8 feet of the porch(under a fern), a Button Virec nast within 
3 faot of the ,:;ara^a; a Hunriingbird'e nest in a live oak close to 
the kitcran, and another Hunaar's nast on top of a farn frond close 
by. Basidos tha«a an Olive-sidad Flycatc?ier and a Westarn Flycatoh- 
ar and a pair of Wilson Piolatad Black caps have nests within a few 
rods of the house, ar^ Doos with Pa^^ns (asi:acially the Favms) are a 

nuisance, breaking: do?m the na.7-£;rovm farna. 

Kind regards to all, ^ 

Prof Harvev M. Hall 
Berkeley, California 

Laeunitas, Calif 
June lo, 1922 

Dear Prcfedaor Hall: 

The Merrian family have been in raourninf ever since we 
found your ticket on the door, on returning from a business trip 
to the City. We hoped you v/ould repeat, but so far no botanists 
have appeared. 

As to tho waterproofing: 511izabeth encloses her memory 
of the procaadir-^. She is not kvita sure of tho kv/antity of Trax, 
but I ranei^er that Vernon Bailey (who dips his Boy-Scor^ts in the 
stuff) says to keep putting in the paraffin till tne gasoline will 
take in no more. 

So you are s^ing to the Sierra! I envi^ you, tho Tre are 
about setting out for another good country- -the m^.s of the north-vrest 
It's a pity we liave to pull a.vay in opposite directions, but such is 
the life of the field worker. 

When wa both are home a^in you miist bring the ri&ll ^amily 
t,o Lagunitas. We all mnt to sea you all, a^d besides, I have 
some maps which I think will interest you. 

Sorry we can't enjoy that ride in Mrs Hall's new car--aven 
tho it be a Ford or a FranJclin! 

Wlisn you next saa the Clements-os and Parish-es please 
tell them how sorry vve ware to oiss their call, and how much we hope 
thev will come a,«min when we are home. By the v/ay, a phone to Lag- 
unitas always landB in the store (there being no other phone in the 
place) and the storrfceeper, who also is the postmaster, knoy.x whether 
the Marriaras ara home or off on a trip. 

You m!.i«t have been in a dreadful hurr^'' when yo\i wrote as 
you didnt say a word about the little Princess of LaLoraa Avenue: 

With lovo from all of us to you all, a e over, 




■ftjor K. A. Goltinan 

U. S, BinlojcJcHl Survey 

Dflar Golcujmn: 

La^aniltts, Calif. 
June 15. 1922 

TJiarLka for your laet letter, rdceJvad before l«avine- Wash". 
Pleas© tsll na about a "Wolf* skin and skull sent bj'L. A. 
?ord of the Hunholdt Bay co-mtry. U it really a Tinhe- Wclf? If 
so it is the first' spiajmon to reach an;- rniise'irr, in the world, eo far 
as I an a-^are. The skull is said to be badly shattered, nevertbfl- 
leea it will be niGhty nic« to have the pieces for corpHrison. And 
how abo:.t th, skin? Has it the face and feet attached? Please 
have it put in the best possible cordition as it is likely to be 
the only one ever etot fron California. All alor- Tve hai a d/ead 
iest it sho-.ild ti.rn out tc be a bip- Cc-ote. 

Osoar Linilry of Bella Ccoia, B.C., iias just sent in anotner 
Grizzly skull, saia to be a bi,j mia. Kir^ly iiavo aona one write 
me aa to ite oox, aiaa. ar^ conaition, so I nay pay for it according^. 

Owing to the moist and long eirin^ the vet^^tation is mora 
than usually liuuriant, and tha flowers 2 o.- 5 ,ve»K« late, as a re- 
sult of ;7hich the whola country is in bloo/i and wondorfull'r beauti- 

Speaking of flo-ysrs, wa have a Qal5fornia Quail's nest 

within 8 feet of the porchCunder a fern), a Hutton ?irec neat within 

3 feat of the fc-ara^e; a Humdj^bird's neat in a live oak close to 

the kitcr-in, and another Huriiar'a nest on top of a fern frond close 

by. Besidos the^e an Olive-sided Flycatc/ier and a Western FLrcatdx- 

ar and a pair of Wilaon Piolated Black caps have nesta within a few 

rods of the house, ar^ Dooe with Pav^ns (especially the Favms) are a 

nuisance, braaking do-;^ii the n9,7-grov/n ferns. 

Kind regards to all, ^ ^ 


Prof Harvev M. Hall 
Berkeley', California 

Lagunitae, Galif 
June lo\ mz 

Doar Professor Hall: 

The Merrian famly have been in nourninf: ever since we 
found yoiir ticket on the door, on returning from a business ''.rip 
to the Wty. We hoped you would repeat, bnt so far no botanists 

have appeared. 

As to tho vTatf^rproofin^r: Elizabeth encloses her memory 
of the proceedir^. She is not kvite sure of the kwantity of hbx^ 
but I renw^er that Vernon Bailey (who dips his Boy-Scouts in the 
stuff) says to keep putting in the paraffin till tne pasoline will 
take in no more. 

So you are going to the Sierral I envy you, </no we are 
about settine:; out for another good country- -the rats of t.^ie north-v^est 
It's a pity we have to pull a'.vay in opposite directions, but such is 
the life of the field worker. 

ll;en ^e both are home a^^in you must brir^ the Hsll ^amly 
to Lagunitas. We all /.ant to see jiou all, a^d besides, I have 
some maps which I think will interest you, 

Sorri'' we can't enjoy that ride in Mrs Hall's new car--even 
tho it be a Ford or a FrarJclinl 

Wlien you next sea the Clements-os and Parish-as please 
tell them how sorr;^ we were to miss their call, ana how much we hope 
t'he^j^ will come a.^^vin when we are heme. By the way, a phone to La^- 
unitas alwsys lands in the store (there beir^: no other phone in the 
place) and the storekeeper, who also is the postmaster, knoY:c ?'hether 
the Merriams are liorae or off on a trip. 

You m?.i^t hav« been in a dreadful hurry when you wrote as 
you didnt say a word about the little Princess of LaLoma Avenue! 

With lovo from all of us to you all, a e over, 



h^nnitsia, Calif 
June 16, 19?;! 

Dear Vtinn Clenance: 

_ After ail, I ca-ie awf.y vrAhoat tha+ Bplanclid Karok ,-eae- 

rapluc V3ll(v:o list, with the mr.ea in eeq'jgnce from aV.ovc H^ppy 
Carip do-^. to Orleans and Bluff Creek, and -^^ith the sido of thn rivar 
in cohvms. It is not ar,om the Trine Lists I Imve here, r.or'tunon^ 
the vocf.b'ilariee or ri Bcellareous notes. 

I shall be .-reatly obliged therefore if you will eecort 
Varr.Oii Bailoy to the gara^-e and ret it and send to n© here. 

The sprinc i^- northern California han been colder and wet- 
ter than, and the 8-irmer correspondii^-ly delayed. Hence there 
is rore venrare tlian noxxne.l at this seascn, and more plants are in 
bloBsoiQ than ws ;;8i;Hlly find. 

Trnct^rVi that you are 'navin^ a coPifcrtahle and that 
liisa Dod^--e is rej-iiiving: above reproach, 

"Very truly yours, 

Folks all well at this and of the line. 

liiss Stella Clenanca 
Wa8}iin£;ton, D.C. 


I/ipiinitaB, Qsilif 
June l'^, 1Q22 

Dear Vernon: 

Pleaso rive the enclosed to IEbb Clensnce and take her 
to the carage to get the Karok Greorraphic tillae-e list, which I 
came away without. Wia garage key you both will reneraher (Piope) 
is in a simll pasteboard box in a top drawer of Zenaidas desk. 

Do things in peneral and particular look all right at 
the hor«se? 

Graatest lot of >irdp nests about the house this vear: 
Virec hutLtora, t\TO Hummers, Olive sided Flycatcher. Western Flv- 
catcher, Pileolnted Blaoic cap, Valley Ouail--and doubtless othe'-B. 
The Q-.;ail has 16 e(q;a under a f*m less than 10 fe^t frwn the 
pordi. Ana I forgot tc nentirn the Thrushes, Black-headed Gr^^b- 
beaks P.nd several others. 

Tiirea Fawns close to the house o>-ia da-'. And puch ver- 
dure and sucli flowers I no^er saw here before- -result of Lite 

But its too tedi^^i^s to tr^' to hiammer it all out on t]i3 
naciiine, so you '^-i H have to bring Florence and see for yourselve 

Love to yon both, 

As ever. 

Am shipping to you the 3 Vocabularies 1 spoic-? to you about, to 
jjut in a file case in the garage. If they arrival before you go 
to the house with Miss Clon^.nce, she rdght put them cractly where 
they belong--so they will be in their proper berths. 

» I 









1 1 1 




June ZZ, 19P.2 
Mr Paul 0. Radii^ton 
Ih strict Fordbter 
San IVarciBco, Calif. 

Ify dear Mr Eodington: 

Your letter of the 19th inBtar. ^i.„ ^e mxh pleasure. 
Tna Jferri^.3 at Ia^>c,jt..s will Ve greatly pleased at an- tin^e to 
see yoM and ar^y other :n«nl.erB of the Foreet Service at our countn' 
horn. to are avay on field tripe a ^ood deal of the tire-ar^ 
are starting tomorrow for the i.mmt^tir. rerion on the v.pper Jfed ar^ 
upper Van Duzen rivars-hut tuo ^itcrekeeper-poatmater at I^Tunitaa 

w}'.o has the only p'-one in t]ie settlerLsnt, always knows ^.hen we are 

at hone. H^ arBTj^erE all la^^-^nitas jhone calle. 

I an perpetually indebted to the Forest S*»r75cft for -naris 

and various courtesies, and have colored up a lot of n^ps sl-toviri; 

the distrihution of various ar.imls, plants, and Indian v^hich 

I thinJc 3^ou may he interested to see. 

Hopii^- to see ym and other members of the Service in the 
not distant future, and with kindest rerards, 

Ven/ truly yotirs. 




ij* ♦ 







liuynituc, Caiif. 
-^luy 12. 1922 

T.K, Farrow, Eeo. , It-r. 
loss^iit.e Pe.rk Co. 

Ify dear Sir; 

I" .o^li„n« r,Jth yo-,,r r,,u,st of Jnn, IT.,,d 
Jron, .a.hi„^ton,„d r,c,.<.^ „„ „y ,„„„„ ,,^ ^ ,^^^^_ ^^ .^ 
tho north. ! ta... pl,„.,„. i, ^,,,^. ,,„,, ,,^^^.,^ ^ ^^^^^ ^^ 

paper „. I«iu.„ rlaoe-n.... .n Y„»,„i.t,. ,„ f„, „ ,h,., :,i<,„ »„ 
fomer vilU,, .,,.„,. ; ,,., ,,, ,,„ _^,,^j.^,^^^ ^^^ ;^^^ ^^- _^^_^^ 

the Indianc of tha Valie". 

Var2r trul'/ youj^s 

Cliaiman U.S. G^oeraphio Board. 


IftpunitaB, Calif 
July 12, 1923 

Mr C. o., Socretarj^ 
U.R, Ge-o^raplnc beard 

ViasMnrton, D.n, 

% dear Llr Sloane: 

}lQ,ix^f tliarJis for tha lettarhaads and envelopeB recaived 
on rrr^ rat/irri from a field trip in the mountainB of Trinity and 
Hvirtoldt Crii;nt>H8, arid also for cr>pi<^s of the l**ifth Reporto Shall 
be t^ibxx to sea the supplenentar^^ report 7?hen issnad. 

Am anclosirc a ra'^f/^est froL: Hon. Willi? C. Havvlay, which 
please satisfy* 

Piirinr ^^r recant trif-fi- ^«n' ^^^^^^ one-- I succeeded in 
findir^ Bone of the most rennt^ aril -little knovvTi (I mig:ht, say un- 
knoHTi) Ind\ane in tha state, and secured frori thera :-.tA otiier triV^es 
at least 100 geographic narias previously imkno-vn. 

Wit}} hast wishes, 

•Yen'' trulv vours. 




Jvly 12, 1^2?> 

Hon. WUlifi n. Hawley, ?I.C. 
Washintr^>nn» D.H. 

II7 denr Sir: 

In coL'if liance wi^>h yoicr request of the 3d ir^stant, for- 
ward^-i fro?Q Waph:T^.ton, T a-^. askinf; the Secretary of the Geographic 
Beard to send a c^py of the Fifth Keport of tlie Board to H.S.BoeshArgi 
State Printar, Saien, Oregon. 

Very truly yoiire. 

Chaima:: U.S. Seograph5c Board. 















Lafimitas, Calif. 
July 12, 1522 

Dear Miss Clerienco: 

Thanks for the Karok list ar>d for your letter btA acco^i^t. 
(rlad you are so well fixt at the LiVrary itr.d *hat the Spanish 
manuscripts look promising. ^lad also that you are grad»Uiilv .^as- 
terin^- the rr^Bte^'ies of yjRB Dodre. 


vlur poor car was a sight v/hen we rot o!\t of the hjjh rits 
between uppor iitwd River and Kol ?jver. We took a just ^rit-ont 
horseback trail said to he wide '•nr.f 'for e ccr over hir^h nts ard 
alo::^ the r?:ns of deep can;''ons, «r>d--ca'^ie out alive; but the car! 
We hiid to keep buttirr into the bank to keer; fror'^ dronr^r^r off on 
the other side, with the natural result thiat one hub-cap was *crr 


off arid lost, t^o fenders jarried(ha7e just yes^eraay had a new rear 
one put on),runrjLnf^ board lacerated, duffle sack torn, both canteens 
-rerked off, Ac &c. 

BUT: Found the onl^ Bum'vor of one of the southern Ke^.eF;^« 


and ro^ a fine lot of material. Also collected other ^ood thir^'^ 
fron other tribes. Also got the suryivjrjr Me-'»'urn*-k: to corrie dov/n 
h^re and ar at work with hiTa richt a.lorig now. He nearl' died last 
winter and is stjll a s^ok ncan, but able to talk Reveral hnur» o day. 

Too biisy to 'write more. Folks send love. (At present mo- 
r«ent Z is nuining the nm: Laun-dr3''*ette washing; rirxh^re over whjch 
the female part of the household is positively daffy!) 

Kb ever, 


ifiss Stella Clemence 
2831 28 St.,Wa8hirigton 




July 13, 1922 

Save the Raciwoods L^uma. 

Doar Mr Dr\iry: 

Tliankfi for yciir letter of the 5th iretant, written while 
I was in the HunVolrtt Bay region. 

I h_&ve ji^Ft ratiirriftd froin a field trip in the northern 
nountiuns. dri^ir^ hack aa ueiial over tv>e Redwood Hig::\my, and 
Torld '^14^© ri^en ee^^ral lairB of rid hoot? for the map you men- 
tion. Hcwe'^'er, I shall ro over t^e route a^^a^r thiB PAaecr arxl 
with the help of t^e imp yoii a-a r.rejttrirr- hnr)% to Ve aVli^ to tie 
together Budi iriforroation t^.B BQ^r^ r.ecessary. 

For yaarB I ^'ave heen f.ettinf* frr^^ Indiare the reof^rai/riic 
nameB of rr^ninent points alon;- the way alcn^^ Pussian River, South 
Fork Eel, Ifein KKl. and Humholdt Bay. But there is on^ fap I have 
not yet beai. c^hle to fill, nanely, hetw^^ar Garherville and Cu^minfB. 
The onl^^ iixiian I have siicceeded in Iccatinp: who knovfb thJR i?rt of 
the route Mie on hie death bed when I Tisited him last wj^ek. Tno 
tril^e seems to he extinct, so the oharces are ap-airnt filling the 
f;ap--thoi¥jh I still ha^'e hope. 

When next in :jan iYancisco I shall he f^lad to accept your 

invitation to call on you at your off: ice. 

^t!krf tr: 1^^ yours, 

V i 


anitnfloniHn Institution 

lanJnitas, Calif. 

i^ayr jlr Adang; 

Her-^with I an sendir»-- ^'^u -"• «»Trrvno^ .^ a f 

'^■^'t ..^-J ... 9z;.nn8e aocoimt for June 

$0.00. ard W.r.a. A. ?ord(for Wolf, ..15..>.. ^,^ j ..^^i ,, 
oMi,3sci if you ..vill pay a.s t,sual fron the Harrina:, A.nd. 

W^ bad a rath.^ hard trip in t>.. north, hirh n,oun- 
tains on co.ntny roads. In ordor to raach th. only f.o survivors 
of one tribe we W to drive over Grizzly ..t on a newl. c.t-out 
horseback trail, s.i. to be 8 faot .ide. but in reality barel. 6 
-at for ion,, distances, and along the ed^.s of deep canvons .here 
a Blip n^nt destn.ction. It ..a hard on the oar-not to n^nt^nn 
tne strain on us-but we ,,ot throt^.. We ^,^,a all 4 fenders 
(iu3t had one na-. one put on, & others fixed), tore off a rear 
hub cap ana botii nu^ing-coard canteens and so on. Bu^ if was 
the only possible way for me to reach t'-ese olu L-ui.ans (as I cant 
y.t ride horseback), and I .,ot a wonderful stock of .^.terial fron 

f T 



Also rot rm;ch. of value fro.n other tribes, and have one 

Indian tnan here at oia- house nov.. t}.e last of s r-..etically extinct 


V^ry truly yoi^rs^ 

An also,. voucher from Re.iiTr.ton T-yp^w^iter Co for $12.95 
just Bent roe by Hiss Clenence, '^hicVi pleaso pay also. 






>^ckftr ) 



C C. Hb.rt Mdrriajn 

lafnmitas, Calif 
SxoenBe acccviint for June 1922 


June o Lafnmitas to San Franc: 8cd h rat im 
;I^als 1..^0; hnnd "hft/V^a^^(5.2v'); straat CHrs..^^- 
o Dannv: Maps of Xerxdocino Count '^, Cali:*. 
^ 1-^. '\ls. Gas ^4 
14 Visor shisld for front of car(Ka^n<5l & 
LarnmitaB-SanFrancisao^Ocucland c*. retur. 
l&als 2.00; street cars 50 

20 KxTor©8aa:"^e on Jtos to Washin^on 

21 Prbc. lial. Acad Sci to June 30, ^'2.5 

22 Bm C»r>)on paper for ueo of Miss Clamanca 
500 sheets olua riill tw paper for Miss Clotnenca 

Auto Field trip North, June 25-30: 
25 SanKafael: 9 ral'ons Gas Q 23 

24 Woodland: 5 puIs @ 24 
Willows: ^^ sals @ 25, 130- oil & la^or on car, 2^.60 

25 had Bluff :5 ^als .:;;a8 © 25,1.25; new points i£;nition2.50 
27 Wildw^od: 5 .'>s ©" 50,2,50; oil oQ ^ . 

Wildwood: Board & IdA 1 da^^seif &'asst(Z.K^) 6 

23 Auto Re)t: 5 ras © 50; 2.50; oil 50 
25-25 k 28-;50 incl: 7 days field hoard @ 1.50 each, self a asr^t 
Paid Indiare Tor vocab. work &.c; Grindstone Rcha June 24 

Ha^; Fork Val. Xata Lucki eJune 27 
Zehia: Yollowmcket & Lucy Yourv^ , 3 dayB aach 
June Postage . sel: & Miss Clemonca 

Marsh a Co., Photo work, Jujie 7 



1 :^n 
f> no 

3 00 
15 (XJ 



< < ^ 








3 00 

21 00 

t^ 00 

3 00 

20 00 

1 64 

7 91 
122 56 




Orie hundred, twpnty tisr< }•),). 

Fifty six 


c* \ 


• 111 




kf ■ 





i ,- 



July ?.0, W22 
|?,?i£?-C S^^trfo-ORrupMc Society 

Doax M' frroBvanor: 

^..-.m A racent field trip 

* •..- «f vor+hweBtem California, I 
in the moTmtajna of .-.or.n^es 

n .^.r of J'one 1^8tatin^ that yoii had 

foimd '^o\ir letter ol »^>ine a-, 

♦ ♦«• \'Ational Georraphic 

appointed ne to represent tne National 

. • ♦ , «n +^i« Bai m Tlomorial Cornattee. 
Society (yn tri«5 «u " Pr-r^fftaaor 

^f *h« circunstance tmt Proiessor 
In view 01 ^ne oii*-""" 

V ♦,iyoiiBt of the Kayden 
^W «f point*. .. .» «at'-l • " ^.„, 

s.p«iition fifty y«--r. aeo !"*• "P""^; '^ 

* X ♦!»+ th« aariv ^'ear« of nr^ worK 
additional fact tl^t tne eari_ 

T ♦ — r« larrelv Bhaped by his icinfli^ 
as a naturalist were large x, 

u • I f«rtl it a-r duty to accept, 

advice, 1 lOrti *■'' "•' 

Very truly youre. 




.T.:l-r ?A, Vl^- 




t ; 


''si J 

-4 '< 

4.1 v.'r« *,.r tVn identi^icaMons. I an farvicu- 

1 -a. not B"r» am «ar.t»d '.o ml:? cwtHin. 

T>„ m«m>.). UM.le l-of of Soapro.* H -.yrScHl of on. 
of ,h, .„. c^n .r..» about 7.oni^ ar.. I tho,>cht it a snallor ..<>==" 

than fion«rijiiKnun. 

It is 6r«at that yon actnally ba^e a car. U v.iU ove 
you a corr^nd o| distance heretofore v.«irearw- nf a«i Im sure will 
' ove -a .>^^ foreter.. I acconrlish at least five M.ea as ^.h 

1 j-j «if;, VAr«eB. Ard beajdea. it snatles 
fielH work KB I fonnerly did witb hor^ee. Ana 

;♦' ^.,* v.,;-v- ohliP-ed to pro mi lee to a ranch 
one to car^' iuiyv,h9re--yatxiO-.t \>^irr, onu^eu r 

cr hotel. 

Got BO moh .^terial on our lart irir th.t it e.ens to 

take forever to wr5t» it up. 

Slizaheth >u.8 just put ir a >-ew Perfection 4-tumer oil 
stove in pl^f the old rar^«. ^ aUo ha« the water heater U^e 
Ar<:hlB-thu. BHving a lot o^' wn^-k with wood ard r...VeB. 

i.ov.htla.a you have ceen Arch' 8 palatial ne^- car. Its a 
beauty all ri^ht. but would hardly do for the kind of trips !'n 

naKiiK all the time. 

.<• ♦t - WftrfiinR rrnao^'ias I spoke to you 
Enclosed is ona of the Fortioia uno 

1,.^-^ ♦>«.+ it is an escaro from culti- 
about last year. I've conclv,deci >hA> i ■ J 

^- frorr (ii«-k rurple *o white with the usual 
vation a«5 *>>»- flowers van/ troE oa^K pirpi-n 

vacKl tl^*'^J5 ?lrlrds to your sistsr. as ever yoiu-s, 


July 30, 192? 

?!r C. L. Hill 
Yc refit Ser\' i c« 
San FrKneieco 

Dear lir Hill: 


TharJcB for your letter and kind offer to eena mejb^^e 
Canadian report on the Hopper Eskiraos. I Bhould he very f-lad tbo 
have it, 

Sinoa our reti.m frora the no-th we h^ve Veen continu- 
ously Bwainperi with conpany. and I have liad an Indian here for ten 
days, or T.culd have «rritter you earlier. 

We drove our car over the mountainB from voj^er I fed 
River to Hettensfuivv Valley, and then acroBP over the top of (^rizzlv 
mountain ridre and down to 7en?a over -^Ve new-cut trail which the 
Indiarr ^nd haK-braode think ia an auto rociu! ^'7e /-ot tiirouiTi with 
only two snfvBhed fanai^rs, two broken spring's and a few other little 
detailB in corinection with which Ytb ??err5ar. and ZemJde i^^ire 
that they hs^i all the excitement needed for some ^ine to come. But 
they failed to appreciate the really impreBsive scenery al^^np; the 
way. However, T foiind the Indians J was soekinf; and accompli sht 
sometnir-T really worth while. 

'i'rusting tl-iat you and your associates will not for- 
;t:et that the TiJ/nmitas latch-s^ri rr is always out when we are at 
hor^e, Vary yours. 



July 30, 1922 


Mr Joseph Willits. 
laj'tonrille, Calif. 

}fy d«ar friend Willits: 

Your letter of July 21 came duly and -.vs rcre all glad to 
hear frcm you am to know that you are feeling hetter and t'nat you 

found voxir family all riTrh"*''. 

I would mve written you V.efore hut Viave heen very hue- 

and *e heen sr/aopcd with company. The wo.i^n from the Kar>t 
ca.^e the uay after you left and J« liore yet. And a nan and hi. 
^ifa fror. Wateonvilie and another .'lan ar.d wife fror, ViU Valley 
came, ani -..^erday a «irl from San Francesco cere +o spend <^u)^ay 
with my daw^^ter 7enaida. So you see we 'mve V^ad lots cf company 
and my" wife has heer kept hue- cnokir^. ana the little house you 
elept in has Veen £W';ain occupied. 

I V.-P.8 very cl^ to have you here and appreciate the c^re 
yov. took in gi-irr, me so much reiiatle infr.rmtion. 

I wn GoinK to Covelo l,efore ior^; hut do not l:ncv- e.xaotly 

when I can £-et a^tiy. Will tri' '^ «+'"!' «^ ^«« ^^'^ ^''' ^'* ^''"* 

W3th best vnshec. Crood Py for +he nresenS 





August 5, 19^2. 

Science tuid Art, 

J/)B Ar^jelea /oiBeum of Hiato'-^' 
Los Arvjeles, Calif. **" 

T^ar Mr. %ciin; 

recant tripsin '^,he''^o?th? ^ '''' "^-^ '"^^^^'^^ ^^^'^ * 

r«f,->.,. ^ 1^® *^^° f^nzj'.ljr skTilla vou mention wflr» 
returned to your nriseuE h niuabar of veara Ln? 
I renenber then wall: -> ., »HrB aro. 

K„+ :'^fl'"^^f* rather white skills 

but lacked exac* data as to .here billed. 

G^nuB ursug tha. no close corq;^.arigon is required. 
returning in^the'll^ ''''^^ ^"^ ^'^'^ ^' "^^ ^'^^«^^^^ ^^^^re 

--^3». b 





^ucu8t 5, 1922. 

Mr. Cliarles S. Kinr, 
13© Fifth Ave., ^ 
N-j Y^rk r^ty^ . . 

^^j dear Mr. King: 

Your letter of Jvily 7. forwarded from 
Washinrton, reached rae on mj return from a recent 
field trip in tlie mountains of the Northwestern part 
of the State. 

I w\ interested in what yow tell me about 
8eel?>^ an old she hear with five yearlirr cuhs. I 
never 1b arcl of so many in one litter, and it my Ve 
pos8ilr)le, as you 8i|5p-est, that she was acting as 
loster mother to one or more cubs, whose nothor had 
-met with disaster; hut at all events it is unusual 
and interesting. 

With best wishes. 

^3Tj truly yours, 










lagt;n:tao, California, 

Mrs. H. F. Whitcorah, 

Lon,^- Lea Farri, 

]^aar ?4rB, Whitcoiib: 

^ Yoi-iT loUer of July 9, reachad me on ny 
reuim iron a rec^r)^. fiald trip, in NorthHrn California. 

I hive read the copy you sont ma of yo'.ir 

If^}?^ to thQ Sjcrptary of /U-ri culture, out oUH an in 
doubt as to ju^t^^nar/ou vyarit. ^ou spoak ofa oemit 
tor yonr coii^ct^'on. I aid not Know tW. a r^ennit 
w^t8 no'r-'^di'r/ in orO;3r to c^n a coUac^.ion of' birds. 
^1:8 isvi^ Uvnew to ne. 

, If tr '^ :r:r3SThle tnat any buch raciuiremant 

^xints, vw^xd a:v%-et,t that jrnu v/rita ♦o Dr. ;.F.Palm 
moloKicca Siu^vey, Wa.V/iiri-ton, Tv , Pf.lri'^r ie an exve 
on ^-ane j.av/8 /.nd aver3^thii^ reiiitirjg thereto. 


n- 1 . 1 reorjnea from active connection with the 
H:olOt-ical ^nryey twelve years rx-r, since whic/- I have 
Daen enaaav 0-1 r^: to coLnj.lete fi eld?;crk in Ca^^f,^ to V/a8>drv:ton w: ntars. 







«»'ith te^it ;/i sho6. 

Var}'' tniiy yours, 







Lap:imitaB, nalifornia* 
Aur-iiBt n, 1922. 

Dear Miss Clenence: 

the tranecri 

Thanks for your letter of July 2^, inclTj^iYWL 
npt frora Pesc^ke. ' vJ 

I think this is the siime reference ^.hat 

it dovTn, 

Ts have not yet set out on our next trip, 
orriDT to the very larpe a: loiint of material collected on 
tne last trip, and also tne delay caused hv ten davs work 
with the Indian I broiirfit horae to work here. However^ 
we are rapidly approachinr ^He day of clear decks, and hope 
to 83t out a^ain m the near future. 

You will be interested in knovnng that 
Lr. Bailev Tjllis and wife and son i^obert spent la^t 
ni^ht witn ue and have just p^one. 

Are ynu finding any ns.r^l notes in the 
Spanish roatarial? 


CHir Athapaskan '^ribe list looks like a very 
ent document frorn the one I brouf^it out tlas year. 

Verjr truly yoir s^ 



la^unitas, ''alifomia 
kuciXBt 5, 1922. 

Tlss Alna I Oviatt, 
Forest ^ervice, 
Ferrj^ Pld^%, 
San "^raiicisco, Calf 

Dear !is8 ^^viatt: 

Tnanks for your lettar of the first inst. 
aci^nowled^^Tii^S ^^^ letter to Yr. Hill in his absence* 

The r^art on ^he ^onper ^iver ?lskimo by 
the HarAdian A?J|^ic Kxpodition v.tiich you were pood 
enourii to send me has bean received, and I am very 
glad to have it. 


With thanks for your courtesy in the 

Very truly yours. 



August 5, :'^22 

][r. Lawrence A, Ford» 
Areata, Oalif. 

y dear Sir? 

Counties and did no^ receive the iderrt.ifi cation of the spaci- 
men nntil irr/ return to lAgunitas. 

The Biolorical Purvey •alnral^o^B rnie me ^hat 
the speciman is not a timber y/o1t\ r<ut is the U.rf^e Nortrern 
coyote. I regret this, hut azr. not rxeatiy Rurfrised 
for the reason that all the specimens of supposed tin*er wo lis 
we have t-us far received from California hAva proved to he 
bir; coyotes. 

• Trie specimen is therefore not sc vajLualOe as 
hoped. Never^n^less, it has been valued at ^.io. n a 
for V/hich' Snithsonian Institution has douotiess sent y 

t sc vaiuabie as 1 had 



tefcre tils. 

'^riinkinG you for your trouble in the matter, and 
hoping that your disappointment //ill not be so acuue as pjy own. 

Very truly yours, 





UiCimitas, rialifnrma, 
Aiigust 5, 1922f 

:;!r- Luther J. CJoldmn, 
Boise, Idalio, 

Dear Golcinan: 

On retu^rinr from a recent trip in ^he 

River Desert. 

noet aSiouB to see it and conipare it with o here .n 
our coliecti on. 

It pniat he Jn the neirfihorh9od of twenty 

With conGratnla^-ionB ar.d best wiehea. 

Verj' tr'ily yours, 




i0 8M Alice P«8tvvcod 

V' olden ciftte .^ark. ' 
ban irancieco, <Jalif. 

Dear ?'J88 P^.atwood; 

aB I }^^d coSardld'fhaf th«^^' ^'i^*^" 
mst^wl of a natfJe '^ecieB.''^^^^^ ' 

aj. For.una-byS-'e^-!:: 7!^^^}^ ^^ obtain 8peci.en« 

01 r hTr msecte. ^ "^ ^-"« potals have bson kmwad 

you v/ill take in^Wnnfl* ^ ''^^ ^t your nwr^, i v,op» 
18 not, a bad pUce'^'^BtJ," owH A^ ^'"'^5 ''^'^^ ft . 
elad to 8ae you at any tif^^Cliie'n'hS^ trijj?^^ ''^ 

Vary t.nxiy yours. 

Au^iflt 5, 1922, 

Dr. Herbert lan^^, 

American TuBeuni of ^rattiral HiBtory. 
^ew Yorlc City, '* 

titne a^<:o. 


Your letter of July Ir raachad ne a short 

^i 4-1 

1th best wiBhes. 

'^eij tnily yoiirs, 

* . 


I' I 





i ■'! 





T^-g unit as, Calif o) nia» 
AiapuBt 5, 1922. 

August 5, 


!'ajor S, A. Cr oldman, 
Biolo^;icftl Siirvej^ 


ear C>oldHHn: 

'^hankB for yoiir latter of June 22^ 7.'Mch I 
found on retumir^^ fron a rather protracted trip in the 
*'orthwei'terr. j art of the Stat a* 

I wae dieappointyd tc learn that the large 
tim>er vrolf rrovod ♦o be a coyote. Kcwever, thic 
is net the first disaipoi^taent of ".liat kind, and, as 
you sav, the specirnen is •% value Veca^^se of ^ii© locality 
irori wruch it car:ee I shall be glad tc see it 


on ny 

TharJcB also for the 5nfcrnaticn abot^t the 
grizzl3' skull fron -scar 'Andr^% Balla 'Joola. "Tiis 
eiiables ve to settle 'Aith him ironi this end of tie line. 

, The last trir proved, so ^jch in Tnaterial 
that ! have not yet sut^ceeded m wrat^n^* up all of 
ny notes. Ho^vever, ?7e ejcpoct to start I'orth again 
in a few days. 

•^r^j 8 ti nr. thp.t you v/ill have a fine trip 
in Arizona, and m th best wishes to j^ou all. 

Very trn])^ vourB^ 

The data fur the specimen xt^ as follows: 

Killed 40 miles Kaet cf Balla Coola, Ik.v 15A9ZZ. 

• *..< 


t ^ ^ 


i ilJl 

• a If ■•£*■ 

Dr. Joseph Crrinnall, 
Berkely. Calif. 

Dear Dr. Grinnell: 

Pardon rrr/ delay in replyir^ to your letter 
of June 23. It arrived durin^^ a recant field trip 
in the Nortliwestarn part of t/ie State. 

I sh^ll he p;lad if you vdll send the 
publicatiom mentioned' to rrj Lafninitas address. 


in tlie North durinr the present season. 

Our last trip was unusually severe , as we 
crossed the lofty mountains fron Tpioer fed River up 
to the head of the Van Dur.en, and thence over Orizzly 
mo^-intain, and down to Zenia and Eel River, over 
roads wholly unfit for anythir^ broader tnan a pack 

Ho'^evar, v;e were fort 'mate in getting 
throufji with only two broken springs, two smashed 
fenders, one demoralized runnir^, board, and a few minor 
injuries, most of 7/hich have now been repaired. But. after 
\73 arrived hone, more serious breaks occitrred^ dcp.ibtlesr^ 
the result of the strain on the car. 'Hn.e main drive shaft 
broke off where it enters the«> ninyon^and one of the ^oke 
U bolts that hold the rear spnne^s broke. However^^alis 
well that ends well", and I succeeded in securing the 
information for whicn I made tlie trip. 

With best wish^es to you all 

Very truly yours. 

* -^# >v^^*^- ^^^**»^ - -> 







T^^ianitae^Califoj nia, 
Aufnist 5, 1922. 

I'ajar S, A, Croldraan, 


Deer Cioldiiun: 

"hanke for yoiir letter of June 22, T.hich I 
found on retuminr fron a rather protracted trip in the 
!'orthwet!terr | ert of the State. 

I mae dieappointed to learn that the laxge 
tim> er wolf rrovad ^o be a coyote. Kcwever, thie 
is not the first diflappoi^taent of ^liat kind, fmd, as 
you sav, the specimen is •! value beca^vse of the locality 
from wruch it cane. I shall be f:lad tc see it on my 

T>iarJc8 alscr for the information about the 
gri2zl3^ skull fron scar T^ndrv, Balla ^oola. This 
enables r^ to settle ^^ith him irom this end of the line. 

, The last trip proved. so ^jch in inateriai 
that I hjive not yet succeeded m wrat^ng up all of 
ny notes. However, we expect to start North again 
in a few days. 

'^njati rf, that you y/ill ha^ve a fine trip 
in Arizona, and m th hest wishes to 3''ou all. 

Very tr^ily >our^, 
The data for the specimen ^t^ as follows: 

Killed 40 miles Kaet of Balla Coola Ifey 15^1922. 



""*''* -- ^ *»» 4 


August 5, 19 









r ''^, 




■ ,■• 







Dr. Joseph CJrinnall, 
Berkely, Calif. 

Dear Dr. Grinnell: 

Pardon nr/ delay in repl3riT^ to your letter 
of June 23. It arrived diu^ing a recant field trip 
in the Northwestern part of tne State. 

I shall be f^lad if you will send the 
publicatiom mentioned' to m lafninitas address. 
1 shall be particularly intsrested in your Dipodomrs 
paper, thougi I may not have time to read itcritically 
while }iore, as I am most anxious to complete fieldwork 
in the Nerth during the present season. 

Our last trip was unusually severe , as we 
crossed the lofty mmmtains fron Tpper l%d Kiver up 
to the head of the Van Dur.en, and tnence over Orizzly 
mountain, and down to Zenia and Eel Kiver, over 
roads wholly imfit for anj'^vhinp broader than a pack 

However, we were fort -mate in getting 
throufji with onlv two broken springs, two smashed 
fenders, one demoralized runnii^^ board, and a few minor 
injuries, most of which have now been repaired. But. after 
^^3 arrived hone, more serious breaks occurred, dopabtlesn 
the result of the strain on the car. Vne main drive shaft 
broke eff where it enters the ninyon^and one of the yoke 
U bolts that hold the rear spnnf;s brcice. However^^aliB 
well that ends well* and I succeeded in securing the 
irifomation for whicn I made tlie trip. 

With best wishes to you all. 

¥ery truly yours. 

•.Six. ^'^^ -V ^Sux. w-^:^^-JU^(j^ 


'^'JiiC- >-6i*-^ oJiSL 




Retake of Preceding Frame 



August 6, 1922. 

Br. E. W. Nelson, 

Chief ^ U. S. Biological Sun/ey. 

Pear Nelson: 

f^onetjiT© a^'-o I Vorrowed the skiall of 
a tip bear killed on Hinchinhrook Island from the 
MiBerjT] of riistory. Science and Art at Los Anpelec. 
♦>]ei\vant the Bkull returned in order to coi;pare it 
'""•^'^ ^*^ specinans of Arc^otherii^n. 



'^e roan who wrote the letter is 
L, R. Wyjnan, f^rnitholori st, 

, J^^^} y^^ Hndlv have the skull looked up and 

returned to I-os Anceler Museum. 

lichen B/iall j^'ou be heaxlirig this waj'^'^ 
^v'ith best wishes to you all. 

Ven^ trul-^r yours. 

August <^, 1922. 

''r. J., p.. fiortsol', 

Hoopa, Calif, * 

r>ear Si r : 

f-an yen tell m vihixt has becone of the 
patent to the land allotment of an old Indian 
na.-.ed Yellowjacket, livine near the Upper -aters 
of 'kd Sjver? 

Very tnily ypiirs, 

■•' ^^ri 









S I 

kxmxat % 192*!. 

Kr. Ob car Tjindry, 
Palla "oola, 
British OoliunMa. 

'^eur ^ir: 


The f-rizzly ekn 11 ^shipped to the 

Biolorical '^urvey on ay 27 ^rrived m good 
condition, and was valued at ?4r:.00, a check for 
Ti^ich Trill he sent from +he SmthBonian 
Instifition during; the present non+h. 

in our 

Thanldng you for your continued efforts 

Very truly yoiirs, 


'i • 


kvf^yBt 6, 1922. 

Yt. 3. H. ace, 
'Forest ^\^?^^^nriih 

jy^^ Vt, ^'Ace: altitudes of 

^,^y,^ Hettensl^^ Valley. C.ri^^i. 

^f ter .-'^H"^ir a'nd'thancl'o^erthe re^ 
arove ♦^o Hett.enshaw I^i't^nce on.^T WJ^^^ 

V or, to know the ler^-*-'^ °^ ''^® 
^.ew road from Hettenshaw v.^^st ^er^ice was 

mixed xip m tm. nw .^^^^ ^^^ ^^ 

f>ur accidental meeting a^ Bomatime you 
+ T^leasure +0 me, and J^l^JfJit^ at Imini^as. 
and .xs. ac» „^„>,«ih. 


7ery truly yours. 











238 ^aat 15th. ^^t.. 
ew York '^ity. 

3ear Grin>^U: 
knew anvthirt:-^ 

'end nary 


wTte^ was riren to a i^aiSef i^i*p^" i""*^^ *>^»t 
ly the Y^'-JiV ladies nf r?-- vu^?"?** P»t,ala«haroo 

^'wi. if not^ rLn'.^H ''•'^ reference that you 

» can sand you a copy of the item. 

'•n the norrh.^" "''''' '^'^^"^••t ouf on another trip 

a comfortable^^pr^JjSu^J'^''- ^M"n«ll we haTinr 
from U8 all. ^° profitable season, and with best^sfiee 

Very truly you«. 








Dear Friend 'Jillits: 

At lapt the photoeraphs carao; they arrived 
last 97erinc, and "^ an sendinp then to yon hy this 


To are hopir^ to get off for Kcund Valley 
the latter part of this week and will try +o see yw 
either poing or conir^. 

Vith hept wishes, 

levy tnily yotxrs, 

Vt Joseph Willits 
Lavtonvjlle, Calif. 



August 7, 1^?.?. 

Dear Vrs "^oung: 

The photof^raphs I took of j'ou and Jack a/^ 
little :arie did not cone hack from the printer till 
last nicyit. I tliink they are pretty good and an serd- 
ing then to you hy this nail. 

V?e hope you and Vr Your^, Imd a rood t:ne in 
Round Valley, and t^^at Mrs Clark's 7ov.r*.h of July 
affair at Zeria cane off all right. 

I would like to see you all a^^ain and v,ill 
try sonetine, hut wish you ^ere not so hard to get 

at. W f^^^^ d°"'' ^^^® ^"'" "''''''■ ''^^^' 

(Jre Farrian and mi^ daughter ;.enai da join 

in kindest rerards and best wishes to you all. 

Ver" truly yours, 

!5rs Lucy 
Zer.ia, Calif. 








i^^.fr ^ • . At'-«{^'6 , Ac CO! infant 

^jftfium ■ ;a 


^"i:"^: i§$^ 


T^Aii *• 

i^ear ^t Aciaj'js: 

iRG .0 ..170.44. together with vouchere for lecar T^r^^, f-^ • -, , , ^ 

*'lf, and '^cclhck for clsarinp PsAr Bir,mc •-,,.., -^ -^Z 

., .^^ i^aniry^ i,ear skulle .3, which I shall h^ rlad 

^f you wall please pay fron the FarnV^n f.nd a. naual. 

. ^^ f'of-W^^fJs''^ *^'^^^^'^i« -'^^^ aM atniins on the car dur- 

in^ tna last tHr)^ wrArA rn-*- ^n • J. . 

.r.p„«rere rr, all irmdiate, but r^ve heen cnnirr sir.ce. 

One da:, vrhen dn-vin.- ^ith an Indian the Voke-r-h.l* Vro>. .U ■ ' 

" I'OiT. rroKe, allowing 
a rear eprine *^o sTjread n t sidewRTR orv» « /• 

^ 8idewa/8, and a few days later the min 

dn.e-shaft broke square off at ^he pinyon. stalling the car so we had 
to send .na U towed .0 the shop at 3a.n P.f.el. The bill for this 
--e no. yet cone in .nd .ill have to go over till next .cconnt. 

In this connection J wnniH i-ii,^ 4. . . 

-^ ^ '"""-^^ -^^^6 ^^f rerrark that I aun h&vin^ tht 

greatest annoyKnce in rettinr hmp v> • ^ 

<,e..inr 0. lis. For instance, the on© in last 

account covered a hack-to-T'av itgr^ f„- ,^ r^^,. „f a- .- 

^9ui I or a pair of Ajax tires paid for 

about the em; of >iiv. An a r-l* +- -» • j 

,. , ^ ''^' '^ ^ ^'^^' ^^ '^^"^^ «f^r« "let it so till next 

t i me '^ . 





C. Hart Iferriari 

Lafnmitas, yj&rin Co., Calif. 
19?,2 Kxponea Account » north of July, 192^ 

July 1 




1 -7 




Fortuna, Calif., 10 (:ai6 ras 8?.? 

Pd Indian ("I'-jrs Prince") at Kionerville ReBenr 

Fortiira G-brfwe: hapairs tu car 

Pd old Indian (Al Snith) 

Pd Indians (!x)lahnkok ^.: Laesik) 

FortiiTja: 6 f:alB rae @ 2*^ 

• Pepairinr larop on car 

iW^ner Craraj-e Willits^r Cas, o51, & labor 
Fortuna Auto Cann: 6 nirchte ©.50 
^anta Rosa: f: frals fas '^^ PTr^ 
Carrp Voard self !i asst. '^da^''R f^ l.'*.^* each 
Fare .c errenpes Aset la/n.ritaH -P-an'^rrrci sco ^7 ret. 
San Pafael. 5 ^Is f^as ^ ?3i^ 
Headlight repaired 

Pa^^ View Auto Fact, ^^evr rear fender r lahor 
9 ^alB ras '■ ZTd 

?d Indian Jos wTHits lOda^/s Vocal worl' h exj b 
Kaonel h Becker- rui.ter?als ^-^ labor on ci.r 
LfiU^iinitaB-SanFranciBco fi return, fr.res &. exp^enseB 
Isaac Hpliain Co: Blank book and clips 
7 f^lR ras f5 23 

La}^<mita8-SarJran. ^ret ria f5an Rafael, SanAnBelmo 
(X Fairfax 1.68; Jitney back to La^in^taB 3.^^)0 
Xfersh k Co. Phcto work w^uly ' 





. 100 
























1 61 

4 68 

2 00 


19 65 

17o -14 

One hundred, seventy 

3^ V^ ykANvt.. 

forty four- 

^ s -^ ^. ^ -^ 








'^^'k w- 

ttra E. H. l^ArnriHn 

HWHitin^- your lo^.ter fcr detailB. Apparent ^/ yo\5 'v?8h to 
start frcm ^^an Francieco inifiadicitely after ?!4. 
TnpriictScaMft for rie tf> f;o to Iciaho. ^'i 11 w?re tv:a5n after 
rece5p^. nf you*- If^'^t^r. 

n. "art "^'er^^an 

'^a W. ]^ Operator, ^^ Rafael: 

Pleaea charre to me arid ^ will pa-'' at the Lat^jrJtaa 
store, or a"^. ^''nur cff?ce in a da'^ or two, as yon prefer. 

C. Hart ;!err5pr^. 






'-'Kve just had a wire, to Ye foDJnwfld 5r a day or two by a 
l3tter, frop, ^'rs. H. static that she expootH fo reke the Fed^vood 
drive BtRrtin- fro:', ^ar ^rancleco as soon as possihle after the 24th 
of this month. TbiB would sear:! to man tha+ Jr and '^.H. mU have 
to get tocrether *o arrane'e mtters as early ar, my be. • 

^:e asked rne to cor-ie to her Idaho carp nov/, bat I wired 
tb^t th^-r 8ee>.« i. -practicable. In fact, ! ^, v.^f ^^i the edge 
of settir^: out on another trip north and sr^ai not :.iave time to do 
the v7ork intar-deii V afore I must >e bacK.. 

If ^ icnew how to ret in touch viith you. here cr in 
S.F. lafcra roir,-, the natter vronld be rr^c)^ ?,ir>:pler. F511 "per-y 
t^o ^ith us" We should arrange for t-//c cars, to le provided for " 
possible trouble. 

Znir^r ],^^ aor.t m a nap of the min ;-el FJver tracts, 
HAS NOT CrOT TnK PT^irv.S OV f^\y oF ?HK PhOP^FCITilS. 

If I knew vrfiere you are ''d vrire '-ou. 
If thie reaches you in the nef.r futi^a, let -ne know. 

^iVn iova to you a] I, 


It John ". ^'errii^n 
'^orne-.vhere in California. 

Ab ever \roure. 





v-'Ck — 

J/CJoLx 1. • ' 

August 16, 1922 


"^Hve just had a wire, to he followfjd in a day or two by a 
latter, from Mrs. H. stating that she expects to make the Eedwood 
drive stftrtirvi fror^ f^n ^rancisco as soon as possible after the 24th 

of this nonth. This would seem to mean that J.r. and C.V,. will have 
to ( together to arrange natters as early as my be. • 

?he asked ne to come to her Idaho cwnp now, but I wired 
that this see-nB i.^xracti cable. In fact, I am just on the edge 
of settir^: out on another trip north and shall not have time to do 
the work intarded before I must be back. 

If 1 Knew how to ret in touch with you, either here or in 
S.F. before roinfr, the natter would be much simpler. Will ^'perry 
fe'o with tis' Te should arrange for two cars, tc be proiided for . 
possible trouble. 

Lnir:/ Ims sent me a nap of the nain Rel River tracts, but 

If I knew v*ere you are I'd wire you. 
If this reaches yoTi in the near futiire, let me know. 

'^ith love to you all. 
As ever yoTire, 

% V 

It John ". : errian 
f^orne-vhere in '^alifornia. 








-L \M->-^^-^ 


Retake of Preceding Frame 

. iBsmmtm 


.'€*_.. . » 

Dear .'^.r. 

August 10,1922 




'■'ave just Imd a wire, to he fo]3owf»d in a day or two hy a 
l3tter, fror. "rs. H. statim that she sxpocts to rtake the Ked^ood 
drive Btar^.inc fro:n -an ^rancieco as soon as possible aftar the 24th 
of this nonth. niis would seen to mean that J .r and '^.H. will have 
to /ret toP-e^her to arran£;e natters as early a8 my he. • 

^.e asked me to come to her Tdahn ca-Tp now, hut I wired 
that thin see..« i.-^^racticahle. In fact, T am just on the edge 
of settirv; out on another trip north and sh^ll not have time to do 
the work intsr,ded he fore I nust he back. 

If I kne:.- hov.- to ret in touch vilth you, either here or in 
?.F. Ufcra --oir,-, the ratter would he mtic)^ airapler. ^ni ^perry 
t,o Kith us' ^.Q should arranp-e for two cars, tc he provided for ' 
possible tr.'uhle. 

Zr.irr l-uiB sent me a map of tne min Kel Fiver tracts, but 
HAS im CrOT TnP. PKICKJ^ OV a>T of ?HK PhOPPiFfTlv.^ . 

If I >ne-.v whertj you are ^'d id re ;^ou. 
If this reaches you in the near futiu-e, let me know. 

VTA 4 

ith leva io j^ou all, 

Dr John \ "errjan 
!? in ralifcrria. 

Ab ever yonrs, 




>L \Sj^^_».^ 






1. 'i^fc>. 

if $ v< ^> 


'•^ave j'UBt had a vira, tc }.e followed in a dav ^r \\:-o bv a 
ls"/-„r, fro-1 'irs. H. ett.tinf that s.-ih sxractK +o r^x- +' - ^^rt:?Pod 
drivs B+i'Ttinr: fro-'i ^ar. ^ as soon as p-^RiMe after *he 24t; 
cf Viis montn. '^it vro:;ld s.^en to r.oan that '.^ and O.---. v: 11 hava 
to r«t t<v^9thar ^o arran.:- natters -? parly ar. rii" >ie. 

?he askeri ne tn ror.,^ *o Idaho carp now, hut ^ t*,-- red 
thr.^ •■^•r see-iS i.Tjrcict^caM^. Ir fact, t a^, i,.Gt on ths cO-e 
cf ijettjn- out on another trir north am shall ixt }iave tii.c to do 
the v/crk intsiiaed hefore I must Vq hao-c. 

II I kne-v how to ret in touch ^ith you, sithsr her^ cr in 
?.^. hafcre ,-oin-, tha r.^tter would he raicli ainrpler. 7;<li Cp^_.^, 

^•.- ..^o:. UB" ttq s2-culd arrange for two cars, to he provid^o f.x- 
pofbihle trouhle. 

Lrurr ims sent me a mp of the ir-ain "el Fiver trexts, 
w«.r rOT CJO'" "••-■ ^■-'-y.q ov ii>^ op n^i^ji; ^^,^p, , ^j ^,jj ^ 

Tf T Vrse',7 '.v^iara you to-s I'd wire yon. 
If t-'ia reaches you iij the near future, le^ .-i^ khow. 

*^i'/'' icv& to you all. 


^e 9T©r ^'o'-rs. 


lt John ", errirn 
"'ona.vhere i^. "ulifo^nia 











♦ • 






Auf;u8t 10,1922 

Mr K9?rton E. Trur^'' 
Honadnock Blcf;. ^ 
San 7ranci8co,' Calif. 

Dear Yr Dnun/: 

fho time lias cone when it is of great importance to have 
prices on the redwood properties on the highway on the south side 
of min Sel River froi^ Scotia Bridge to Dyerville. and also of a 
reasor^tly sized tract contaJninc I>7©rville Flat-by wMc}. I mean 
tlie flat at the south end of the TVrenrille bridge across South Pork 
on the Syrt side of South Fork. 

TTe are likely to need this informtjon on or before the 

?4th of this month. 

Very truly yours. 





.^ ■ 

X — . 








•!i I, 





Dr Job ©pli ^rinnell 
Berkeley, Calif. 

Dear Dr. ^rinnell: 

' t^i-^ 

^ery intuiy triariks for the three papers just received* 
Swarth's Stikine contribution ia fine —one of the kind to he kept 

harrLj' al-;mye for read^^ refersnco. 

*' •< . 

Your ifciseur: Conacience vi'dl© cf srall diriensiorB ?p full 
of neat, and I winh Bons way con la he dflviaed by vrhich it could he 
drifftn into these *-}io sin for lack of foUowinp its advice. 

Your "aTynRroo_Ra*B is a rnrtnnnertal paper, of cor.rse, ar<i too 
full of facts and opinions to >>« hafttily digest ed. I spent the 
whole of laR*: eyerlr^: reeuUrf it— a .-•icst unusual thir^ for •»» nnw- 
a-days rith any kind of literature. It certainly is an ad-nirahle 
contribution, and o^ the lasti-^r kind. In future, no one will 
dare to puhlish p.nythiTr-^ on the {To^ without riving it nost care- 
ful consideration. 

?!o lone as different packages of hi;mn intoUaot have to 
develop under different anvironnents, there will continue to be dif- 
farences in the point of ▼ie»— ae illustrated ?n our conceptions of 
the things 7?e call renera and spec! dp. and also T fear in nnr raoral- 
ity in the matter of reeponsibiljty for stability in nomenclatia-e. 
For instfifico, fron ry point of vie,\- it is a criioe to displace a cur- 
rent name based or a "sure thine* by Rn earlier nane of ur.cartein 
application or status, or one whose ripM to recognition rests on 
nQe«*i*« evidence. In other words, the sin of char^inc: scientific 
nanes rests lightly on the shoulders of so.Tja r^ich esteemed r.p.tural- 

icts— in 20f>lof-y as vjell us in botany! 

Put don't let these pasoinf' 
i«roRtly adrJre and appreciate this verv careful]v premred'rssrTt nf 
ir*w,^- studies of a .^roTjp to which ! havrdvef inSch per- 


ennal attentior^ ever a lonr period of "'ears. 

renarks clcid the fact tlmt I 

;lt : 






. m 





Dr P!. W. Nelson 

^lief, I'.?:. Biolof-ical ounrey 

TafnmitaB. Halif* 

Dear kelson; 

The Lob ArveleB 'iiseiin (throiif^h L.^.Tjmian) inalstB that 
the Binlogical "'urvey lias more Bear sknlls helorv^inp to them--addi- 
tional to the Kfnchinhrock skull which I wrote y^v ahont last week. 

Hie onl^'' other skulln I renenher, hes^dos the ^olar Bear 
skull which they acknowled/;e receivin,'^^ were two lery Tfhits oxhiM- 
tion skulls of nrisr.lies fron unknown Iccalities which I borrowed 
rnany years a^^o and laid out to he retumed--and have rot sef i Bince. 

To clear the natter r.p, I Biiall he obliged if you will 
ask Jackson to niake a search of the borrowed skulls, and 5f any are 
found belonrrir/^ to the Iob Anr;el:e8 ^iiieeun, have them returned at or:c«>. 

^ayy' trul^'* '^^^oure, ^ 







August 10, 19^2 

Vt L. B. 'I'j'nan 
Lob Aivel^B "nswac 

Dear 1> Wjnnan: 

Your letter of yesterday enclosirr copy of mine to you of 
June 11, 1921, shows, apparently, t:mt we are talking about two 
wiaely different sets of skulls. The two referred to in in mj/- 

letter of June 11 were the Hinchinbrook skullfwhich you will receive 
in the near future) and apparently another which I had forgotten • 

The two referred to in nrj letter to you a few days a^o 
(August £) were the two very white ( super cleaned ) 'drizzly skulls 
from unknown localities whdch I borrowed and returned rany years aro. 
I say returned becaut^c I had every reason tc suppose they were sent 
back, having laid then out, marked with 8hippir.g directions, as usual. 
PersoPAlly, I have nothing to do with the actual packing and ship- 
ment of specimens — this beinf^ attended to by an assistant in the 
Biolof^ical Survey, and usually after ! have left Washin^rton for 
the field. However, I an writinr the f^urvey s^-ain to search 

thoroiv^ly to see if we have any other skulls belongirif, to your 
IfiiseiM, and if so to return at once. 

In the absence (at this end of the line) of letter files, 
old copy books, and the specimen records, I am at a disadvantage 
in atteirrpting to recall remote dates. 


iery tnxlj'- yours. 




' f 





' > 

Dr J.r!.?ferrian 
rtinfliiuir, nalif. 

Dear J.C.r 

AupuBt ?.5,1922 

Ac J may be in part responsihle for your trip!' contempla- 
ted) across t^a mts to the Humboldt ^ay side, I want to tell you 
about a road condition dei^eloned since we drove of^er it in early 
Julv. The unt51 recently excellent road between ^illits and "^al- 
pelli^as been practically destroyed- -plowed up and in places for 
miles buried in fresh dirt in order to raise the prada; in other 
places depressed or swrang to one side. This work begins 3 or 4 
miles south of ^'illets and continues past ^amer Valley and really 
is pretty bad. We have just driven over it. 

Then there is a lon^ish detour from Cloverdale to Geyser- 
ville. V^hile annoying, it is not bad. 

If ^rou still decide to make ^he trip, dont for/ret to take 
plenty of water for the Beeciim Grade between Hed Bluff and Fildwood. 
It is the only stiff grade on the road across. 

Yesterday I saw ^ts H and also Sperry and Drury. The 
outcome is that '^s H, 7 and I ro bv train to Scotia where we are 
to be rnet by an auto from Fureka arranged for by ^rary. We expect 
to drive from ^ootia to Phillipsville ('KettenteAe) and back to Sco- 
tia, taking a turn throng the Pull ^reek (l.olanko) Flat on the way. 

Trusting that your throat is all right and that you will 
bring your family here for a few days before you go east, and with 

love f ro!a us all to all of you, 

As ever, 



' J 


Aurust ^6, 1922 

15p Frank Adams 
2527 Ktna Ttreet 
Berkeley, Calif. 

Ky dear Vr Adams: 

Pardon my delay in acknowledgia^^ your kindness 
in sendinr me the Irrigation maps of '^alifnmia. I have been away 
engaged in field work in ^hf^ north ar;d udelaid vour address. 

I rvr^ *o thank you particularly for the uncolor< 
ed itssiVB you were so frood as to put in; they will be of m*h service 
for flatting results. For years clean base of California of 
sufficient size for detail plattir^ have been unattairable. I have 
used the Oovt. Post Koute "^naps and also the Land Office sheets, but 
as you know both are open to serious criticism. 

Very truly yours. 




' !■ 

."p;, ^ 









Mr ThoB. R. f^tanton — 

^BBt. ^tate Highway Knrin6«r 
WillittB, Palifomja 

)*>/ dear "ir; 

On retiirnine frora a recent trip I find yonr letter of the 
18th inet and the blue print of ^jonr admrahle imp of the f^tate -'igh. 
waj' fron, Ti„„v,oldt ?a3' to the aouthern houndary of Ilendocino County. 

In platting the Indian nanee of creeks and other geograph- 
ic featuTds, the old tribal boundaries and the sites of former vil- 
lages, as well as teniinal points in the ranres of certain trees and 
shrubs, I have lonp; needed a map of this kind, and ara greatly indebt- 
ed to both Mr Tomner and yotu-aelf for your courtesy in lettinp ma 
have the benefit of your labors in preparing this ax'cellent base. 

Very truly yours, 


. (^rv> 





August 25, 1922 

Dr B.w.H>erTrB.nn 
Director, ""alif . Acad. -ci. 
r^n .^rancisco, Calif. 

r.ear Dr ?Vonr]ann: 

ThankB for yoiirs of the 9th instant, which awaited ny 
return from a recent field trip, 

?ro, I an not acquainted with V^lker of '^allicita so far 
as m roenory ^^008--^?^ it's raany years since I vforked in that ref^ion. 
'^lad 3/ on p-ot some of those ancient hunan skulls from the cave near 
^jigels. About 13 years ago I published something about these cave 
skulls in connection with the Indian belief concerninp; their origin. 
This was in SCIKl^^CK, vol.xxix ns, 805.8'^6, ^'ay 2i, 1909. 

John C, T%rriam will be interested in what you found. 

Verj' truly yours ^ 








* 'i 

I ■ 









Lap^iinitas. Calif. 
A.a:T:iiBt 26, 1922 

f^aci''. '^>a^a the Redwoods Laaf;ua 
Monadnock Bld/j.^ScmfranciBcp 

Dear ^t Drurj': 

A talap^ram juat phoned up frora ?^n Eafaal this evening 
atataa that we shall leave r>ausalito ^'onday evenin.^ ^ugiiat -^.8, 
arrlTii^ at f^cotia the following morrine. 

I shall be greater ohlieed t>>erefore if yon will kindly 
arrange to have the car at f^cotia at about 9 k^'^ Tnesdav rnomins. 
Should have wired you this eveninc but it is too late to got the 
massage throuf^h. 

Very tnil:'' yours, 



1 ' 




^J' ^i ^«nd«rBon, Presidont 
Indian Board of (Tooporation 
rfui*oldt Fank Blds.,F;an-VanciBco 

Ify daar J^ Hendarson: 

Replying to vour inyitation of the ?4th ins+ant; 
}^ "arrian and I shall be rery ^lad to be pi^Ment at the meetinc 
of the Indian Board of Cooperation to be held in your office at 4 
oclock on Friday S«pt«nb©r 1. 

I should have attended the previone neeting 
had I not been aimy in the field. 

Ven' truly yours. 







Sept. 4, 1922 

%r A. S. nonnick^Precident 
First rlational Bank 

Eiiraka, 'California. 

Ify doar IwT rJonnick: 

Pardon my delay in acknowledgin,^^ your cotirteBy ar^ trouble 
in sending a car to meet our party at ^cotia a few days ago. 

The car was comfortaMe and '♦'he driver careful, competent 
and agreeable and knew the countnr. We had a d©lir;htful drive arid 
Fiembers of the part.y who had not previously seen the redwoods were 
much inpressed and may cone a^^in. 

Tlianking you for your kindness in the matter, 

Verjr truly yours, 

?ept.4, 1922 

Dr John C. ^'errieun 
Berkeley, ^alif. 

!V dear J.C: 

a calll 

^o ynu are nullinp out without jPivinf us a visit or even 
'^oo bad. 

I think you will be interested to call up l^ennarji on the 
phone and >iave him tell you about a new cave containing; lots of 
human bones recentl^'^ discovered in the riierra foothills. 

r^oubtleps you have already talked with ^aily Willis about 
his 'Pleistocene human skull. 

Hope yon did'nt have too much discomfort drivifj^: down over 
the torn up roads I wrote you about before you left runsmuir. 

Hagrettint; that yo'i are unable to come here before retiirn- 
iri;; east, and with love to you all, 

As ever vours. 






S»pt. 4, 1922 

J'ajor ?.. A. C^oldnan 
Biolof^icKl Sun'©"- 
Waehinrton, D.n." 

Pear Croldraan: 

Thanks for your lettore of Augijet 28 and 30. Glad the 
bie; Alaska Poar skull sent by Lieut amons has arrived. It was 
packed in a valuable Indian box irhich cost twica as ™ch as the 
skull. KINDLY HAVE THK BOX mW) for me. ITie skull itself also 
is of value, havinp been killed at l^int J6tM Pay, 14 miles north 
of f^itka. I an paying for the skull and the box. 

To, I ar. not ordinarily purchasjnf; skulls of Black Pears, 
but suppose the -anacher male skull fror Whitohorse is eaeilv worth 
$3 to the Biolorical f^iirvev. 


Has the F^urvey received the Grizzly skull sent by j^our 
brother from the lava beds of Idaho'' I am most anxious to see it. 

^ith best wishes, 

Verjr tnily yntirs. 





Sept. 4. 1922 

Dr George R. Hill, rtirector 
School of Afjrl culture 
Lopan, Utah 

Dear Dr Hill: 

Very nargr thanks for your letter of August 25, which I 
found on retiirninf: from a recent field trip. It was most find of 
you to take the trouble to write bo fully ahout the big Grizzly, and 
T wish to assure you that I am /greatly interested in your account. 

I haTe skulls of Grizzlies from southern Utah but none 
from the northern part of the State and for years have been anxious 
to obtain an adult male for our National ?^iseum. "p to the pre- 
sent time no one knows what species inhabited the northern Tasatch, 
so the skull of this specimen will be o# great serrice in enablii^ 
no to determine this point--if I can get hold of it— thereby addir^ 
a positive record, and perhaps an additional species also, to the 
liarxials of ^'tah. ' 


Therefore i am going to ask if you will undertake to get 
the skull for ms. No natter haw badly the back part may be shat- 
tered, and no natter how badly burned, there nay be enot^ left to 
determine the speciest and I will agree to pay $25 for it. 

All the fragments and all the teeth should be presenred. 

The skull should be cut off from the skeleton well b^dc so as not 

to injure the back part, and should be dried after cutting off the 

thick flesh. It should then be well wrapped and packed in a box 

and shipned by express, diarges collect, addressed: U.S. Biological 
Sxinrejr Dept.:^ Washir^on, D.C. Your name should 

a tag attached tc the sldill, am also on outside of box. 
Am sendi'i^j you my Review of the Big Bears. 
With msry thanks. Very truly yours, 

be on 





i L 




Sept. 6, 1922 

Ifr Y'.I . Wams, Accotirtant 
SnithBonirnn I^Rtitntion 
Wa8hinf;:ton, T^.?,. 

I^ear Vr Adans: 

Hera^th I an: enclosing my axrene© accoiirt for Aumst, 
amor-^tinr to .^230.^3— inclndim F-aen^l h Pecker's terrihle Mil of 
^75.63 for new dri^e P>^Aft, g-ears Ic for the darar^ed car. BeBjdee 
this and t}'o hill for a ne^ rear fer) in las^ acconrt, is another 
1)111 for another rear fender--the result of heinr, rm into \)y a rowl 
fool on r^r recont trip throug>i the nountainB to Rmind Valley. Bi;t 
I found the Indiars I vras after and /^ot the information bo hsJlj 
neefled--oo it is worth all it cost, 

Mrs Ha-rriraan wantf^d to see the redwoods, and since the 
road is heir^: rebuilt and now in fearfrd condi^ionfl know, for I We 
driven over it t>^Tee times Is.tely) she took Zer^.idp, a?ri me in her 
private car to P^cotia LiTnber ?Iill8 where an automobile J h-ad phoned 
for piet us and we dror^ nearly 100 miles thror^. the splendid red- 
wood forests. 

Am enclosing vouchers for r^er^aida ''erriar., A88i8+art,24.Qf' 

?> 15 • 

7 days @ $3.50, ar^l Tient a.T.&nons,^Skull of >^ic Brown Beer from 
Alaska, which pay from the Harrims.n fund. 

Yerj' tnily yours. 






LacunitRB, ''arin Co., Calif. 
l^pwriBe account for Aucast, 1922 



*TV-»«jt 1 





Auto tri 


■"ail: l'^ 8h«»et8 V letters S rkr. Vnnds 

- - - • ' m 2.4a, ■*- •" 

dav f? 4 










S>' to top >A Tanaloais >■ return 2^4fi; meals 2 
ntenof-ra^^.er (r'rs "Allien) li 

%n^afa8l: 10 rals rae 2.3^: Auto tor nendod 2. 
-,..fcjwr.?'ew A.uto drife ehaft, p-eHrs :c '.. labor 
ftii+c. ^orlceley k ret. "erry.neals, ■:. exponBea 
Ga>»riel }'milin: ^oto work , ^^ ^. . ,> 
T^ to '^ahto ar>d honni Velleyst tof^.ln-21 mclj: 
tno««rdale r-tirare: Tmnrinr enf;ine oil cx Gamr«. Wi lists: 1*^ rein raa \ work on 
"ctel ""JlletB: 2 roo^.uel^ ». asr,t ^ 2 
"^llitB: r.oyce "ar.teer kit'S for mnninr noar; 
faJ^.to: ^d Indians:*! Hits, %3S Fell/Vs '^ils. 
Pd F^r.TjTxi Vallev Indians :^"il:fP *; 'O'lakkes 9 
Presents for Indian children 

Willits: 5 f^ls pas .^ 27t ^ , =^ .-, 

r^antft Rosa: 10 geils gas ' 23t 2.35; Iw^^S^; oil 

raala 7 dajs hv^ 15-21, self &. asst c^ Ix^ '^^i im 

^ar©,^nPafael-%rJ'ranciBco b. return '^O ; street CRrsArr 


•diwahacher,^ '^'o. f^oo letterheads, paper ^ prt,/r 
'^artwrirfit ?otel ^w^ow^l 
T'eals. f^nFrancisco, kop: 23 ^' ^ ^ 
rausf^^^'*^ - ^^ ^er>-'' ,l^^nch, car fares 
Indian Board of ""ooperatierlthro F.O.Collett) 
Tel»rram to British Coliirhia 





car 2 da^^B Q 5o 

>.iffy Bros, ^n Pafael: another ^.e^ 
>krBh fe Co. Photo work Aivn^st 
Varqme ""o. ; Who 'a ^.o in Am. 
Aiirrist B^errpt envelopes k postapre 

fsnder ?. lF"bor 



1 10 

4 :^'^ 

7f S3 

3 50 
8 31 

2 50 

4 75 

4 "^"l 

fi. on 

4 0^ 

15 on 

1 7f^ 

1 7P. 

3 T* 
17 50 

1 >^ 
12 ^ 

2 50 

4 00 
2 10 

1^ X 

1 on 

14 50 
8 98 

e. 75 

2 10 


230 ^3 

3» •.<! 


Serta'Aer U, 1922. 

Cr. F. Cr. noll9+A, 

Indian Board of '^oo erataon, 

oar Frer'.ciBCO, nalii* 

r-oar Dr. Coilett: 

Rpf-jT-rirv^ a^-air. to a pr^P^sa^.rjI^si^'l' 
^nodo of rroceduro In/.he i-t^reet of Cal3<;or;ia 


ir trioas. 

Until rec8iT)t of ^.he nemorandm 7^ sant 
4 V^r^i o-n t did not. undsret^aiid that \^^-^ 

^^,\^:i^^:^.v:":::.r^rUntr in m judfT^nt. it ^^o-^a 


b-r difficuit to :oM.^3 !;,^3faS'lSdroontinui;Sl. under 
Fec'aral controljince ,;2?.±nMe axecuticr, :/_ t^e Trea 



S-ec'aral control sjnce -ae a"^"^; «Taciitirn -/ t>-e Treaty 
iJ of course a Mati<8 oetw^en the^««cTV-icr, ^^^.^^^ 

of auadalupa "idalt-o t^^ptif^.J^V^nSrs in IBf.?., tut 1. 
necotiat3d by )^^';X^"^^^- ^^-^^ ^'^ ^'^^^^'^^^^ 
Sa'the'^L^ar Federal cnntrol. 

ith teat wishes, 

Ven"" truly yoi-rs, 

C\v« >^s, V' 






Septer-ber 11, 1922 

U. S. T^nd Office, 
^rreka, ^alif. 

Hear ^i r: 

Have you in ynnr r.oBseBBion, or do 
you know the present Vvhereabouts of patents 
of la:id allotments to an Lndian conuonly known 
as Yellow Jacket, and his wife Sally Jacket? The 
allotnents were made bv ; 

B. ^rntzen, ?>rl. Allotir^ %ent. 
irust ^atent deli vered Jiine 23, 19C8. 

It ^rtfould be interest ir^ to know T;hy 

the titlesto these allotments were not delivered to 

Yellow Jacket and his wife Icnc a^o. 

^ery ^ ndy yoTzrs^, 



I 'r. 

« 1 





repteribsr 11,1922. 

Septafuber 11, 1<522. 


Vt. J.B. ''ortsolf, 
Foopa, '^alif. 

Dear ^ir: 

Vatv' thanks for -"-onr le+ter of 
kv^itit 10, .viucii I foTo^ on ret-irnine- fron. a 
field trip. I ac vary ^lad to know about the 
allotments tc "^ellcw Jacket and his wif? J^ally 
Jacket, and Ti^ve written the laril office at Kureka 
to know wh y the titles have not heen delivered . 

Very yoiirb. 



Trs. T. J, Dailoy. 
Burnt i^anch, GaliJ • 

Ify dear lire. Dai lay: 

Thanks for voiir letter about 
I^re. Zeigler, which awaited mj^ rstiirn from a recent 
field tnp. 

I do not know Vs. Hai^rinrtoTi^s present 
addr^BS, >^u^ will trj' to connect with liim and give bin 
yoiir ineseafje. 

I an very ^^lad to know tliat ?'rs. Zeirlf^r 
is willir^ to help in the work with hor languaf^e. and 
if 1 were'ahle to ride horaehack at present I would 
^o to sea her irii''8elf . 

Thankinr you for your kiudiiasa and trouble in 

Very truly yoiu^s. 

* i 

1 i 



September 11, 1922, 

¥x. B. H. ?%ce, 

For^jst Sunervifior. 
V^eav erv i 1 is , CJa li i • 

For BQ^eral years I have bean r!»ich 
aiinoved by the noindnclatura" of the primary and 
tne secoiidan^ branches of Eel River, and as Cliairoan 
of trie Goverfunant Oeographic Board, the r/iatter has 
baeu r/ot UT) to me to work out a more rational 
8vs^'3Fi frea fron +he horrible dxinli cat ions of names - 
for instance the thre3 South Forks. 

knY STV^j^est ions you nivy liave to offer vail 
be thiankfully received. 

Very truly yours, 








September 11, V^^-- 

W. B. H. V£ice, 
Forest Sur,ervi8or. 
feaverviile, «>aiii • 

Bear Kr. Fiaca-: . 


.,'"'": 'i^fiidrS^tt^hld^r- Cold oJ.^ in or near 

thifS seetie to )^» improbahle. 

place (a b:K 7;-ite bouse), and .ays pxa , 
are locateftT 

are xuvcv'-»^»» % 

Oeorne ^lolton is at present at HarriB.n 

Wita kindest regards to yonrself eiid Mrs. 



Yen; truly yours. 

3 » 





September 11, 1922i 

K. L» K, W3nTian, 
TiOB ATv^elesMiiBeiun, 
Los ArH^elas, Halif. 

}fy dear lir. T-Tian: 

4v X.- ^^ retuniir^ from another trip in 

the north, I found 3'oiir letter miotirr a 
naiaorandiun from a letter of mine dated ^ehn^^rv 

th jw'miisei^n^^^ !^' ^ ^^^""^i^ ""^'^^ helor^ir^, 

I learn from the Biolofn cal 
.1\^i^L!:u^'!:J:1^? ^^^l^-'-^.^^ qnestlon^and the Hjn- 


chinhrook skT^l have been ret^^rned to vou, 
tr-Bt tha.t they have reached the miseiiin in 
corwu ti on. 

) Ti M i^'^J^^*-.^^^^®^^ L^^ ^®-^' rreRthr mistaken, the 
skrJl :krked 140 and n2r>7 is not the t^jcliard son skull. 
'he latter, I am sure; T retumaa^to Vx. Pidiordacn rrany 
i'-ears aro, hut as staged in r^reviotis letters, T am at 
a di 8advant£4^e in reirv; away' from letter cornrbooks i^^v^ 
memoranda as to hear skulls. Have von writl^en R-^c'^ard- 
son hins^if about thi« skull? 

Very truly yours, 



• I 

September 11, 192?!. 

^8 SoaS;«.i'T.B«wi-. 

liOB iLngel^s, California. 
Dear Dr. Jones: 

Pardon nr/ ^^J^lii^'/S a^^^ on a fiald trip- 
Aiigust 18. It arnved whil© l -iWB aifR„ 

I am Glad to know that ^?^^^5,gf ^f"5la!ka 
extensive expedition urrr^*'^^? WK'^Td 8*5l 1 'e yer^ rlad 
?r^re'yoS^'S.T^irJor^tlSS ?Uf posBeee th.t .ay ^e of ^-se to 

you. .-I u 

u- vr.««m >i*iflrB 0^ two emecies JnhaVit AlasKa 

.Sia^oxt t^V8i^« ?L^tv.^'^J':ili ai Ufr as'an ayera^-:e ^riz- 


2iy. r/^^1 ly/^^ft^nv of the other* islands, 
inhap^t • nalaska or any ox oi.o ajvv-*^ 

klll*i ar. PavlS fiy.,^,W„^i^ StSS.hak 'Bay. fron which 

males eitr^r cieacL or ax-..« .-» uj-v 

W Species of .W6 ^^?^„^^J!;« "S^.^^/Sl^S^S^^ner 
fl'S^'a^ Takt^tat Bav^*;orthw«;d to the Kenai /.X.^'l^ch however 

iro9d,yoai Pi v^i^VTe 0^ nse to yott. . 

ai...o.^... -^'-••^"^%"T!.'i, frt^Lhin?+.on ^ will send you a cow of 

On !?r/ return to '-asnin^^on t « ^ t»clmical do<rJ- 

*„-. /v-p ^-ifr hears which, however, is "f-i^ » 
rot'- review ol -ig ^f*^^° " ^ vLarR hoinr not vat ready for 
ment; nr' larpie work ou tne >>earB noinf, n . 


Vh,"^"-^ a- 

C V^j^ V^ 




I I 






J^eijterrfcer 11, 1^22. 

Dr. Josoph Rrinnell, 
Berkeley, C^lif. 

r>oar Dr. Grinneli: 

Tlianke for your UUors, and rarticularly 
for voTir kindn»»» in enclosim th« old le*t9r from 
%i. Brswater, wirittsn at the tine of fov.nclirF tite A.n.!'. 
Such letters carry one hack to activitiee lilcelv to Ijo 
forf-otten. I on retrjrring Brewster 'a letter liefewith. 


Yes, I haye seen and heard Pjleated woodpeckers 
I At ^A/nmifaft V'lf. i-«f ^^r. several '^aars rast. 

I fi^nd ^Jie followiiir;:- 
la^imitas, but later' 

in July 1916. 



T.^en I caraa to Lagiinitaa in 1911, t^ey were heard 
nany times druptoine ^^ yelling* ■ 

.. . _ , If your are intsrested in ^arin Coanty birds, 
It mif9it be worth rtiile for you to nm o?er m card list 
fox: lagimitas. It is only a fra^rment, as J nave been too 
busy to nake a point of bird notes, arxi bave not had tine to 
examne the treetops with field rlasseB to identify warbl#»rs 
other snail srecies i^iich at tir^s are very coroon liera. Further^ 
more, ray sight is by no means so keen as ?n earlier vaars, 
so tTiat I am no lor^er able to identify srmll birds at first 
glani># unless they are very near, 


, I am^lad to know ^hat you are pnjrr to *iow 
Mrs, Grirjiell sone new countrj' in the north this Fall. Don't 
mt it off too long or the ra:riS may p;et j^'ou. Ve sliall be 
only too glad to give you any information wa rna^'^ nosBess as 
to the road conditions, and localities that ^e^r^ ' to iis worth 
visiting. We have recently retiuned fron an interesting: trip 
to Kouhd '-alley, one of the many beauty spots of the State. 

With best wishes to you all, 

Verj'' tmly yours, 


Have just received from H. H. Pittman, Kartney, Manitoba, 
a small pale bat for identification, and am pasair^ jt on to 
you herewith (Separate package). \^^^ 

*■ t> 


' I 

: i 








Vr W. I. Adams, Accountant 
SnithBoniar Institution 

Wasbirv-^^on, D.O, 

Dear Mr Artains: 

Herav/ith I am arclosinf^ ^ubvouchers 11 and 12, belonging 
to the acx^ount sent in a wsek or more ago. Tlie receipts have 
only just arriYed--and I had to write litrsh for his! 

Do you happen to know where Harrington is? 1 have lost 
track of hin corq;^ lately. 

Pav« just }iad another Indian here for f^eographic and vocab- 
ulary work. 

Very truly yours, 

^v tVc*,?G^^^ K^«os>».>>_*^ 





Sept 18. 1922 

Mr Luther J. Coldnan 
Boise, Idaho 

Dear OoidfTjan: 

Soiuatime ago I wrote your brother in the Biological Survey 
inquirin^-^ abmit the Grizzly from Idaho which you wrote rae you were 
ahippinc to the Survey on July 13. Hie reply has just been received 
To ri^y horror he says the specimen baa not bee^n received! It is too 
areaaful to believe that both Idaho G-rizzlies sent in by you have 
been lost or stolen in trar^sit. 

Will you kindly hunt up your oxpret^B receipt and hav« a 
tracar sent at once. I should be broken-hei^rted if anything bj^s 
happened to tliis sjjecimen. 

With best wishes, 

As ever yours, 


< 4 






Oct. 10, 19?2 
Mr John P. Harrirjf;ton 
Bur«»an of Rthnolo^/ 

Waahinprton, D.C. 

Dear ifir HaiTirjrton: 

It 'las Veen a p-reeit disappoirtnent to v.)A the* ! have not 

hoard from you at all this Reason. 

On April 11 I wrote you at ccriBiderttMe lencth in reply 
to your letter of the 5th aLout the Monterey Indiftr.B; and a littlo 
later--or: i^ril ?-£--! Terete a^ain, raturnjiv^ lira Dailey'* photos 
arid telliriT you wlvit 'V W. T, Fisher said ahoiit ycur •Cho-han". 
Both letters were sent to the addr^fs rcj ^avs, rBrely,5?.h Federal 
Buildint% Lcb Armeies. I htid previously •Tn***on yov. (at Pleasurtcr.) 
tellinp you of Saiiy Noble's death. month I recieved a letter from ?lr8 Dai lay stating 
V/ittt Mrs Zflicler, half-sis+er of Sally, is now T/rillinp; to talk in 
her lar^'Ufu-e (C-.onareko) which she ras i;rv.-511ir{r to do while Sally 
was still Hiive. I triea her ».hiie there 2 o- 3 yeare ^^o, hut 
she then declined. Her knowlatite of Knglish is fcr V,e+,fer than 

Sail'-- '8. 

1 eiipposed yoiz ctill in Cal3fcrr:ia and no^ heaririT from 

you v^rote the SmthBonian for your address, and was very laxch but- 
priced to learn that you are^ back in WaBhir^.ton. 

Yery traly yourB» 




October 13, 1?22. 

Dear Mibb Clemenco: 

Glad to have j^our letter of September 29 
and tc know that you are on the track of p^oinisir^ naterial. 
The next thinp* Ib to ^et the naterial itself. 

You v/ill re-'erioer that we ha^e not heen ahle to 
find rauch of an^i^hinr about the detiale of ^he trip 
aorcss Jfcno Pa Be" of Lieut. Moore, who ,want from Fort 
Miller on tlis- San Joaquin to Mono Leke^n pursiiit of 
Yoeornite IndianB. Tnie v^as in the Sprinp; of lf^52. I wieh 
you i^'ould fiake another effort to find Miller's renort and 
see what he actually eavs. If you carjiot find t-'^at, you 
T?my find sometr.i np: about it in tne Histon?' of Fre^ro County 
published by W.W. Elliot & Co. 

Sinca writim vou last, I Ijave run down another 
Pcmoan Tribe, riainaly +}'e*^ Mah-kaliTiC Chumi of Cloverdale 
Valiev on Russian River, froin whom I ooLained a splenaia 
loL Ox luaterial. ' 

I'hen the rains cane much earlier than usue.l 
and lasted nuch icnp:er than early rains usually last, 


nterxgriFj:- sadly »vith fieldsvc^rk. Hc^^^ter,, I hope, to 
ai.e at least cne more trip nefore lieading for WaBhirgtor. 

When diBcusRinp with D^. Baker the :?ieri » 8 cf her 
new car, she would be glad to Imve you char-p;© the terminal 
letter of its nanie frora D to Tl 

Grlad to know that you can riave photostat copia 
of the Tanner nap iiiade for about C^l.OO eaciu Please m 
copiiiB maxie of tiie editions of 1826 and 1647. 



With best wishes. 

Very traly yours, 

liisH St alia Clemence, 
r^^l Lanier Place 

Washington, D.C. 







October 13, 1922. 

Mr. B. H. Itice, 

F.^ro&t Su;.'en7isrir. 
Weaverville, Calii. 

Dear kr. ifecor 

lianv t banks for your letter of the 
9t}i. in^t. wit'n encioa^ros of rjaps on whicli you 
were f^ood eno\4gh to mnrk the localities concerri 
'.vhlch I made ini^ia ry. 


Since * wrote you, I }iave seen a couple 
of Inaians xron \^^ HcafUin r^j on, who located nost 
pf the iocaii'pios essentially the sane as you have 
Qone, tno^Vy^ >n onf^ or two cases there i« a difference 
of a couple of miles m the north and south direction. 
They tell toe ^liat Soldier Basin is at cr near the 
hee,a of North Fork. 

' Any tirae when yo\i f eal like makirr" 
Biif/'-esti ons as to the bifnplificati on of the Eel River 
coTipiax^ 1 snail ha ni^ity glad to hear from you. 

yoir self. 

With kindest regards tc Mrs. I^Iace a:- d 


lery truly yours, 









lag^ini * ae , C*:'. li for. 
™oVer li, 192':. 

1 <L 

K-. T. Luthy, 
914 Sanl jra St., 
P*^"riu, 111. 

Dear Sir: 

Your le'^'.tar of S^^^tm^iher 21 'ma been 
forwarded l^sra fron Washin^^on. I em not qnit.rt 
clear aB to \vhether the "hooke on hiifian speech soTinds, 
w/iich you ref«3r to. are Trs'^ or mnst be raid for. 
Tne Boiird lias no fluids :cr the nircinaiss of honktt 

or anythiiig dise • not eve.'i lor traveling: tBocperees 
for A'hich reas.^n I hesitate to incur a pacunii^rj^ 

* Resfectfvily, 

CJiainsar U.S. Gr^o^raphic Board. 

Please 3?r.d reply to ^9 Rixteonth St,, 
Washji-^jtonjD.C. as I ex>eot to returr in the near 


October 13, 19P..?. 

Dr. Walter Jones, 

Johns Hopkins Medical School, 

Baltimore, lid. 

l^r dear Dj*. Jones: 

Your letter of the ?th 


forwarded fron Washirgton, has just arrived. 

I BTi glad to know that you C'^nter5)late 
continuing researches on the scent secretion 
of the conmon bkurik, but fear I an not ro*w :n 
a position to assist you in obtaininc the 
necescary raw imterial. You probably will be 
able to secure the necessary'' information by 
writing ^. 1. W. Nelson, Chief of the 3] jlcgical 
Survey, WaBAington, D. C. , or Ernest T. Soton, 

Qr a exiv.i ch , Co rui . 

Very truly yoi>irs. 





October 13, 1922. 

PrcfesBor GrecR. Hill, Jr.^ 
Director Utah Af^ri cultural College, 

Dear Dr. Hill: * 

Pardon me for writir^ you af^ain in th© 
matter of the ^izzly bear skull, concerring which you 
viTote ma on Aufnmt 25, ard to which I replied on 

Sej.t^ner 4. 

The great importance of this Bkn 11 on 
account of its locality, and r^'' concequent emxiaty 
to obtain it in xrty excuse for writing again. I 
most earnastly hope that y-u will be able to seciire 
?,iiatover is left of it and have it shipped by 
express, charges collect, addresBad U, 3. Biological 
Survey, Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 

I expect to return to Washington the 
last of the present month. 


Very truly yr^ura. 

- f 

October 13, 1^22. 


Ur. H. H. Pittman, 
Hartney , 
IfcmitoDa, Ca'iuia. 

Dear Vr. Pittman; 

Pardon nr^ delay in replying to your letter 
of Ai-^i8t 29, abou=b the oat.., I.^if^ye bean f^^^a^ most of 
the time, engaged in fieldwork m Nortnern California. 

The bat belong to the comon Bmll species 
Vnmm as Mvotis lucifu^UB, shadir^ toward sub species 
pSxSfTClLter. ^accord: >S to the det^aunation 
of Di'V Joseph arinr.eii, to whom I sent the specimen. 

I an very mucn interested in ?*iat you say 
about the use of the interfemoral aenfcrane in feedinc 
Sd ^11 be glad to see your photographs if they shew 

anythiii^^ • - - -'• ■ 

« •••«. 

.e Boaa or 

As' to the preparation of skulls: 

the usual mathod is "o boil them with aJ-^^X ir,nnr« +ha 
Botash to soften the flesh, but not onow^ to injure the 
IomI. The Bplittinp of tfie teeth of Carnivores is • 
often an uni^PY conBanuence arid is nost ^jjf^^^^" 'jj® 
larger specieB^such as wolves and bears, par^jcuiari/ 

the latter. 

I have no doubt ae to what you told ne a|-0V't 
the larrer pocka*. ^opher, and would ratner have your woid 
in th^Satter than t5i« sworn statement* of regiment. 

i expect to return to Washington the latter part 
of this month, after which my address as usual will be 
1919 Sixteenth Br,. Washington. 

Very truly yours. 




October 13, 1922 


October 13, 1?22. 

Dr. Sdward D. Jones ^ 

Z'h Consolfda^ed Realty BLl^j. , 

Los A:v;jeles, Cb.lif. 

U}^' de'duT Dr. J ones: 

Your letter of September 16 v/as awaiting 
^ne on my return frorr^ a recent trip, 

I no j^^aonal knowledge of nrepent 
condition's on Kadiak Island but ha,ve "been Lold t>iat 
bi^ bears are still plentiful on parts of the loain 

I an f laa to know of your piano for 

iCin^; ^.iisiz I nave any 
autnority in the 'natter of ^-^ermita. This, as 1 
imda^stand it, is entirely 5n the hands of 
Dr.II. W, Nelson, CTnief of the Biological Survey at 


and I s^netines fina ourselves at opposite erds of 
the ^^iiiae protection and permit s^^'st afns. 

With best vnpheB. 

Very im ly yrurs, 





J. B. lfortsolf,^Q^ 
Superintendent Hoftpa Agency, 
Hoopa, Calif. 

Dear Sir: 

Kel'erring again to the matter of the 
lost patent* to the all^tmentB of Yellow Jacket 
ttoA hiB wife Sally Jacket, I shall be very glad 
if you will Beciire photo copio~s of those, and 
'either deliver them to Yellow Jacket and his wife, or 
send them to ■■ at my Washirigton addreee ( 1919 
Sixteenth St.) and I will attend to their delivery. 


■ » 

Very truly yours, 






1 , 





October 13, 1922. 

Mr. S. Ledgei-wood, 


Trinity Co., Calif. 

Dear Sir: 

Whan I was at Zenia early iu July, 
you epoke to nae about the patents to the allot- 
menta of Yellow Jaoket and hie wife Sally Jacket. 
On returning: home. I wrotg J.B. Uortsolf, Super- 
intendent Hoopa Valley Agency, and also W the 

Register of the land office, at J^ureka, the outcome 
of which is the ctatansnt that they were delivered 
(or supj)oeed to have been deliTered'to the Allottees 
on June 23,l9e8. ' «" ' ' 

I have regiiested that photo c^.piee of these 
patents Ve made in Washir^ton, and shall probably 
receive them in the course of a month or two. 

Vary truly yours, 





October 13, 1922. 

Mr, Geo. Kennan, 

Itedina, Ne^v York. 

Yonr fine article on Alexander Crrahajn Bell, 
publisned in a recent ntimber of the "Outlook* v/ae 
enioyed so rmich by nii^self and faraily that I v/ant to 
tell you how fouchwe apf^reciated it. 

Those Iwednesday evenir^s in Dr. Bell's 
attractive ratnennr; roo^ niil never be forrotten 
by thoee of ub who Y^ere privjio£;ed to meet there. 

Your letter of May 50 i 
Harrjrxin book was forwarded to me 

fratifyinf,. We v/ero very nucfi s 
hat a second edition v^us"" called 
after puolication^ at^ .^ "-• 

A f e^ \/vdt)K6 Hfro Ifra. Hi 
and I had the jjleasiire of actjnp- 
hurried trip throufjn the redwoods 
in wh ich she took a keen interest 
better this year th^n when 1 Baw 
liappy to say. 

n regard to the 
here and was most 
urr rised to learn 
for only tliree ^vewks 

T'Timan cwrje out nere, 
- n.iide durir^r a 
or HujfiDoldt County, 
She is looking 

hare last, 1 ar.i 

I have been very bu83' in fieldwork in the 
northern pi»xt of the State, trjar^ to complete irc/ maps 
and notes on the native Inaian tribes ^e'^ore it is 
too late. There is urpent need for .^V.-^ for the 
double reason that I am no lonf^er younc, and the 
last rainnants of many tribes aro rapidly passing out 
of existence. 

Mrs. Merr^iain joins me in kinctest regards 
to Mrs. Kennan and vou^ self. 

lety truly yoir s, 


October 13, 1922 

Mrs. Gartruds Bonnin. 
^Dr. F. a. Collett, 

a City Hcill Ave., 
Sa.n francisco, Calif. 

Dear }Jrs. Bcnnin: 

Mary thanks for yoiir kindreBs and 
trouble in eandir^ ue your interestirg articles 
from the San Francisco Bulletin, \fhich '*e T^ere 
Yei7 ^lad to read. Wa hope you vail find tine to 
write more of them. 

It v/as a dloappointraent to ^.3 all that 
ycu r.ere net arle to visit us at our la^oinita* 
home. We hope you may be able to do this at soms 
time in the future. 

Tmsting that your health is much imi roved 
and that your nxifision in Southern California is provir^ 

successful, wa reciain with best wishes. 

Verjr truly yours. 





Oc^-. 14, 1^22 

Mr Stdphin Pariah 
Ifanchest&r, Qtilif. 

Deeur Mr Parir.:.; 

Thin non-i'XZ I v7on*. -.o San Francisco to see yn- and *a8 
Burpriaad to let^m tha^. V^^y aU had cone. I* Tf-bt iu.v« '..oan a 
tery luu'd trip for krs Parish. I hope she stood it and is enjoy- 

/TG the satisfaction of heinr a^:aJn in her own hone. I have hoon 
in Hospitals so nridi'tliat I kr.rm how qooA it is to ^-^et ho.T». 

After i satr you last I made a trij vr, Ri^ssian River and 
got c^iiG^.t in tho =o*iuvnf5e of ^ear^ier. " Then cana hack home and hurt 
cr/ ricnt icnee aiid nad to be taken to the Saint Franc: a Hospital. 

This will explain why 1 did^f.ot get to see you before. 

le all start hack for Waahincton, D.C. on Oc+oher 25, so 

have only a ffi^-days'^iftft. ' "' ' 

^Next year 1 hope to 'Bee yon and your mother .agair., 
' lira Iferriam and rr; davv^hter join in kind re^^arda to yon 
all. and in t>ie hope tliat Mrs Parish ^ill recovai- from. the joiirnay 

and be raudi better?' -• • - . 

^'"^ Very truly jours. 

I know your expense "have hoen^ery heavy lately and an enclosing 
a srall contribution. 

^ I 

■« I'l 








1919 SiztMDtk 3tre«t 
KoTsaber 6. 192?. 

Dr. Sdw»rd ftrpnci* 
Pablic Hen 1th S< 
W^thii^ton, D.C. 

De^r Dr. Francis: 

lour inquiry of October ?•! eenoeniii« th« M«aiin« of 
the nune Tulnre. es apolied to a toro. county, lake and district in 
California, was fore«rdod to mj awmer heedqaartars in Olifomia an^ 

has jost arrired. 

You ara entiralr correct in toht 8ii|)po8itioo that the 

oxtanaire ■ftrabaa — 
some of Test aixe - about Tulare lake and aerar*.! other lakes of thi 
region, and also at certain olncea nloD* the borders of the riTars. 
These tracta were called Tnlareioa by the early Sna&ieTds. and the 
geneml tera Tulare country is oowKmly annlied to the south and of 
San Joaouin Talley. fro« the bese of the vmntaina near old ?ort 
Tejon to aone distance north of the fomer northern limit of Talare 
leke (the oroner name of which is Tache). 



The r8«ion ia interesting from the faunal staadnaiat, 
and severRl species characteristic of it haye been nmed t»i«>^ ,,^ ' 

or tnlffranaip. 





SS * 

Jr I? 2 

',^hile the name in question is universally applied to thee 
region mentioned, there ere also extensive tule marshes much farther no 
..orth, particularly along the lower Sacranentc end Suisun Bay region, 
and others bordering Napa and Pctalumc rivers, as e consequence of which 
the name 'Tularea' was applied by some of the esrly Spanish writers to 
tule marshes north, as well as to those south of 3an Francisco Bay. 
I; Very truly yours. 

- J 



Chairman U. S. Geographic Board 


4 Xi. 







' f 



« w 







1919 26th Street 
lieshingtoc, D C 

Mr i(. i. Adams, Acuountant 
SnithsoniEn Institution 

Dear Mr Adarasi: "^ ^ 

Herewith I '^m enclosing my expense accounts for Septe- r 
mber(95.56 )and 0ctober(£:71.09) amounting together 'o .:366.6''; and i 
also voucher for Zenaida Lierriem, assist&i.t, for $24.50, which I shell 
be obliged if you will pey from the Herrimrn fund. 

During September end October there were two families of 
Indians, representing 3 tribes, in San Francisco , iriton t!» viwM m%T^ 
in hospitals for serious operations. Hlis gave me an unusual opportu- 
nity to obtain vocabulary materiel in unprecedfcted comfort, so betwwaii 
field trips I made a number of trips to the city. Besides, I took one 
of the men back to Lagunitas with me several timef and got a splendid 
lot of material. 

Shall call on you in a few days — as soon as my train 

cold passes eway. 

Very truly yours. 

jv-?--* — y^ 




»->e p t • i •-•<^ 











6*Hlirt Merriam 

1919 - lotL street, Weshington, D. 

Expense eccourii for ieptember ..i^bc^ 

I^unitas^-San Fren.i return. via Sausalito 
Photcstet Z mam MW C£.lif» [22x46 ^ L2x5C] 
Street cars .6U-Medicine for indicns $3.dO 
Cartwright Hotel. Boom 
Pares 2 Leg. via SeusElito »ret .o.Anselmo 

• 50 

A.M.Gilbert :3 devs camdng VoCLbs.^ 

5 gallons gas, Lagunitas ^ £4 
Mrs. P. J. Cullen, services Stenographer 1 day 
Fare Saa&nseliDO-SanPranci SCO 40-Street cars 35 
Meals 2.50;Fare SarJ?ran. -Lagunitas L ret. 1.20 
Room, Cartwright Hotel 

Sparrow Bros. SanRafael: work on stsrter i battery 

Lagunitas: 10 gals .gas 5 24 

Fare SanFiran. -lagunitas L ret. for Ind.S.Iarieh If day £ $4 
SmiFrenci SCO: Street cars 45; Meals $5.50 
Cartwright Eotel, Room 

Return Tare SanFran-Lagun. self ^ Ind. Parish 
3. Parish, 2 days 2 $4 
Sail Rafael: 10 gals. gas 5 £3 (price down) 

V " can Alemite grease 

^ ^ Kaenel i.BecKer: changing eng. dlic 

Sauealito-SanFran.i ret. (to Hoaglm Indians) 

Pad i pencils 30; Street cars 45; meals 3.20 
Cartwright Hotel. Joom 
Santa Rose: 9 gals. gas S 23t 
Cloverdele: Dad Snipers HotelrSup.ldg.cSc bkfst. 

Storage of Car over night 50; oil 35 
Geyservi lie: John Thompson, Indian, 
Lunch <k Supper 









■T ^ -T 

ifty-eight --■ - 















9d 58 




C^Hart Merriam 


1919 -- 16th street, Washington, D. 


^ X^ T 

_i,^^;jj£i£peas e account for Octob<»r 19T2 

^"brc*xh« r 


-^t. 1 







Z 10 
. 11 



r 1 
V 1 



Hotel: oupper, lodging & breakftst 
'- " -"■^ over night 


- . John Thompson, Ind. t day vccsh T?ork 
i supper en route -•- • 

3&n Pofael, 8 gals, gas d 23' J .-,■».. 

SarJijaselmo-SanPrancisco i; ret. (ind.Bd.Oboixirat bJT 



^t. ' (i 

3treR t 

cars .35; Jiesls 1.75 

.■ian ,^ see Hoaglin Indiens-r'20- ' 
.k-eals 1.75j*'are SanFran-Lagunites dc ret.l.Pd 

^anPrao, Hoeglip Inds: Str.cere iJiand b8^t,45 
Room C8rt»ri|ht Hotel(day1i»«) 1-Meela mWT 
i nds . 4 . 5u ; He Jura fare SanPran- lagtm i t e s . 1 . ?0 

oacPrsn.with ^ Hoaglin Inds: Trig Acad. Sciences 
^usem 1.30;M«als 3.25;Ret.fareS.F-Leg. 1.20 

ifersh i Go. Photo work 

San Fran: Street cars 20;Me8l8 1.75;Far« S.^Ao 

Lftgunitss ^ return 1.20 

3an%feel:5 ga]fl.cas ** 23.1.15:st«ftt.«niBlcpOT 55 
Mrs.r.J.Gulien, Stenographer, 1 day - 

iarJinselfflo-SanFran.i r«t.60;8t.c6r8 26;BweltL25 
btephsn Parish, Indian, for -expensea 
Trip up Husaian Kir^rrlO gala gas SaiiP^faal 2.50 

Petaluma, Differential drained & refilled" 2.10 • 

a.eipjting car 1.60. Meals 2.00 




3 15 










i • 







6 00 





Mf. 16 



If • 





-V 23 
•* 26 

i* 27 

n 31 


Htaldsburg: Storage of car over night 

'^kfst.i supper, I»80- Dinner self & Indian, 1^50 

Joe McCloua, Indian, to oal). work 

Fig crackers for Indian children 
Heaidsburg over night. 50 ;iieals 2*50 
Indians from Stewarts Point (jarvis family) 
Fig crackers for Indian children 
Healdshurg Garage. Car over night 50; Meals 2.50 
Henry Maximilian L wife (Indians, 
Garage, filling batteries & universal 
Hotel Plaza. Room 3 nights, Oct. 15-18 
Santa Rosu (evg.en route home):9 gals. gas ®23i 
San Eafael-San Francisco & return 
San Francisco: Street cars 20; Meals 1.50 
i*M. Gilbert: 2 dayt copying .Vocabularies S?.50 
Marsh vl Co. Photo woric 
Two telegram to Washington 6 73 
Baggage out, Lagunitas 1; St. Cars San Fran. 25 
RR jfare San Francisco-Washington 
Pullmasi lower, Oakland to Washington 
Meals en route 15;Pullman Porter 1. 
Baggage in, Washington 
Szpreasage on Vocabularies k Mas from Calif. 


3 30 

4 00 


3 00 

6 00 


3 00 

6. 50 

1 00 


6 00 

2 12 


1 70 


7 00 


1 84 

1 46 

1 25 

106 18 

31 88 

16 00 


12 04 

271 09 

Two hundred, seventy-one 







191S Sixteenth Street. 
Waehuigton. D.C. 
Norember 7, 1922. 

A*"* h^i. ■•loon 

Oroii. Tulare Co., Calif. 

Dear Nelson: 

la writing you at Oroai. Imt ten't know surely that yon are 
there. Shoudd hare written you earlier but for the preas of 
trawel and Tarious niatter? since we left California. 

On returning to I^gunitae from a field trip^Busaian Birer," 
I found your latter of October 13. written on the train near 
Seattle, but ainea then hare not known where you were. Elizabeth 
was half packed when your letter came and I had to pitch in and 
gat mj things ready in ti«e to reach Washington before the expira- 
tion of our return tiekata on October 31. 

The grapes y^u were good enough to hare sent did not arrire 
until the day before we left lagunitas. as a result of which we ^ 
orerdid the matter of hoM consumption and were obliged to carry 
a good sized box on the train.where they gradually disappeared. 
It is useless to apeak of their quality and flavor as you already 
know all about this side of the grape question, and it is hardly 
necessary either to repeat our thanks for your attention and 

We have installed a NoKol heater, in place of the old coal 
grate, and find the change highly gratifying, since so far it has 
been necessary to run the thing only a few hours in the twenty- 
four. In fact, it runs itself, as whenerer the temperature falls 
below the set of the thenwstat the thing starts automatically. 











It is a great pity that your stay in California is to be cut 
short this year, for you muet need a long rest to put you in shape 
for the winter. But perhaps the outdoors work at the ranch will 
in part make up for the lack of a ri^asonahle vacation. 

The outside walls of the apartment next door are reaching the 
roof today and we trust that hereafter the accumulation of plaster 
and hroken hricks on our front steps will come to an end. 
With loTe from us all and hoping to see you soon. 

As ever yours , 


1919 Sixteenth Street 
Washington. D.C. 
November 7, 1922 

Dr. P.ii. Chapman 

/jnericai Museum of Natural History 

New York City ' 

Dear Chapman: 

Your letter of September 23. written off Hatteras. reeched 
ns at Iflgunitas on our return from t4 field trip in the north, aal 
jou need not be told that we were glad to hear frem you. It cer- 
tainly is a great satisfaction that you are able to make these suc- 
eePsire and successful field trips to South America, always with 
such fruitful results. It goes without saying that your compre- 
hensire knowledge of the diversified physiography end life zones of 
South America puts you in a far more commanding position than any 
naturalist heretofore. This gives you a background that counts for 
peraenency in all of your publications. I congratulate you on 
having accomplished so much. 

You speak of the inaccuracy of current naps end their failure 
to give any real idea of the topography. Don't imagine that this ie 
peculiar to South America, for I have always suffered from the ser. 
thing in Celifornia, where, for the diversified relief of the north- \ 
western quadrant of the state, no maps exist. j 

I. too. have had a very successful field season, having mad» 
important additions and corrections to my maps showing the distri- 
bution of Indian tribes. Duripg the past two years I have mapped 
the territory of five tribes whose names were heretofore unknown to 


w •. 







Kowadays I usually succeed in keeping amy from sciaitific 
meetings. Neverthel--' . I nay be in New York during the winter, 
in which case I shall, of course, hunt you up. On the other hand. 
we hope to see you and Itn, Chapman here before many months. 

Slizabeth and Zenaida join in love to you both. 

Tours as ever. 

A i^-' 



1919 Sixteenth Street 
Washii^ton, D.C. 

Novemter 7, 1922. 

iir. J.><. Scollick 

U.:5. National L'uaeum 
Washington, D.C. 

Deer Ifr. Scollick: 

Glad to know that you ere willing to let these 
an^n accounts run until they an^ount to enough to justify 
a fennel voucher. I ,,, therefore, saving your lest account 
untU the next one con.s in. It is all right to send in . 
voucher whenever the total amount exceeds *5. 

Bith best wishes. 

Very truly yours, 







( i 


mo Sixteenth Street 
TJashingtcn, D.C, 
Novenler 7, 1922. 

Mr. J.W. Sccllick 
U.S. N't-tioTjal iiussufi 
Weghingtcn, D.C. 

Deer ILr. Scollick; 

Gled tc know thtt you ere willing to let theps 
anell 8ccour:ts ran until they ft:::car.^ to enough to jjstifj 
a foriccl voucher. I en, therefcre, saving your l&st account 
until the rext one cones in. it is all right tc senJ in e 
voucher whenever the total amount exceeds ^'5. 

Hith best wishes. 

Very +.raly yours. 


191S Sixteenth Street 
lashington, D.C. 
Novemher 7, liu:^ 

Dr. Walter K. Fisher 
Pacific Grove, California 

Dear Walter: 

He were greatly disappointed that you and your 

wife were not able to come to lagunitas before we left. 
HoweTer. there was not time for a real visit and if you 
had cone it would have been merely an introduction. Now 
we are planning to return to California in April and hope 
to have a good visit at Isgunitas whenever you and Mrs. 
Pisher are free to come. We still have e lot of unfin- 
ished field work banked up in the northern part of the 


With best wishes to you both from all of us. 

As ever yours, 








f ' 

. I 


191S Sixteenth Street 
Washington. D.C. 

NoTember 7, 1922 

^r. Ittther J. Goldman 
Boise, Idaho 

Dear Goldman: 

lour brother gave us an unnecessary chill, for, 
on returning to Washington. I learned froa Bailej tha't the 
long and much coveted grisljr skull froo the Ura beds, which 
you shipped in July, was actually wceired and is now in the 
tuse-om. I should hare seen it several days ago, but trmfm 
the circunstance that I nust first recover from a train cold. 

Will write you later after I have examined it. 
This is merely g line to express my great joy that the long 
hoped for skull is here safe and sound. 

Tours 88 ever. 

. ■•■■ .*.,3«'*' 

}■ ■ 

- %■ 

1919 Sixteenth Street 
Washington , D.C. 
liov ember 8, 1922 

Dr. GeoT^e R. Hill Director 
Utah ^rxcultural College 
Logan, Utah 

Deer Dr. Hill; 

Your letter of October 18 is before me, as I have 
now returned to Washington for the winter. In compliance 
with your request I take pleasure in enclosing herewith a 
copy of my letter to you, dated September 4. 

I appreciate your efforts in ay behalf in the matter 
of the skull of the Grizzly, concerning which you wrote im 
on August 25, and earnestly hope you will be able to secure 


Very truly yours, 










1919 Sixteenth Street 
Washington, D.C, 

Noraiber 8, 1922 

Dear Gcldan: 

Sino. «.iting jott /..terday I hare seen your 
Utter of ingnst 17 addre..ed f Br. I.W. Helson 
telling about . a«li ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ .^ ^^^ 

Sawtooth KatioDol Foroot. Ion Bt»i^ fk * *u 

*«» Stated that the specimen 

-«ld be .hipped a. .con as cured, but they tell ., that 
^t has not yet bean received. I a. naturally anxious 
t« .00 it and .haU be obliged if you will let « know 
when and how it was shipped. 

Very truly yours. 





191b Sixteenth Street 

Washington, D.C* 

November 8. 19r2 

Ifeckay u. DiDpia 
Ci;lg8ry» ilt)erta 

Bear 3ir?; 

On returning tc Y.'ashingtcn from the West I find 
your letter cf October 10, inquiring whether I wish to 
purchase- 8 nj inore good! grizzly ?bills. 

In reply fould stj thrt I will purchase skulls » 
eccocipeniel with reTirble dete as to the locality where 
the bear was killed, but cm not tble tc pay as high 
prices f? heretofore, the maximum being eight or ten 
doll?rF fcr a res^cnably perfect skull of a fully adult 
uuile; five dolli-r? for adult females; proportionally less 

for immature of both sexes* 

Yery truly your?. 

* > 

1 ^1 





l&lb Sixteenth Street 

Washington. D.C. 
November 8, 1 



1919 Siltjmtt 

1 1 

Iteckay i Dippie 
Celgarj, Alberta 

Dear Sirs; 

On returning to Washington from the lest I find 
your letter of October 10, inquiring whether I msh to 
purchase any more good grizzly eballs. 

In reply would sty thrt I will purchase skulls, 
ecconpenied with relirtle date as to the locality where 
the hear was killed, but tr not able to pay as high 
prices bs hetretcfore, the aaximum being eight or ten 
dc Heirs for a reasonably perfect skull of a fully adult 
Bale; five dollars for adult females; proportionally lees 
for iniaature of both sexf^s. 

Yery truly yourf«. 



J 8 col) VanDeloo, Isq. 
Secretary. State Muawm 
Albany, «.i« 

BMr Sir: 

If 1 h«f« *«n correctly informed, the price of the 

portfolio of 'lild ?loi»ers of New lork'. issued by the 
Hmmk under Professor Clarke's direction, it |2.50. plus 
23 cents postage, and the portfolio of one hundred and six 
colored plates of birds by Tuertes $1, post paid. 

1 am, therefore, enclosing my check for $3.73 and 
shall he greatly obliged if you will send one copy of 
Mch to my Washington address. 1919 Sixteenth Street. 
If tb« »oant enclosed is not correct please let ■• know 
and I will remit the belaace. 

Tery truly yours. 






1919 Sixteenth Street 
November 9, 1922 

Ir. Horace U. Albright 

Supt. , Ye Hows tone lietional Park 


My dear -Mr. Albright: 

Pardon me for jogging your memory sgtin in regard 
to the Yellowstone grizzly bears. 'iTlien I last heard from you 
you expected to be able to send me a few skulls at the end cf 
the season. I should appreciate the courtesy if you would 
kindly have them shipped, charges collect, addressed U.S. 
Biological Survey, Department of Agriculture, Hafhington. D.C* 
'•• Some time ago I was told that you were preparing an 

account of the killing of a man by a grizzly during the present 
season. I am much interested in this and shell be very gl£d 
to see your account. 

Hoping to hear from you, 

Very truly yours » 

^. VtT«^>*-' 

1915 Sixteenth Street 

November 9, IS £2 

Mr. Prank Adams 
2527 Berkeley Street 
Berkelej, California 

Mj dear Mr. Adan© : 

While in California last suinmer you were good enough 
to send me a set of the itete irrigation maps, colored aid 
plain. They proved of so much assistance to me in the - 
field that I left them there for future use, and I am wonder 
ing if you could send me another set for use in Washington. 
If so. I shall be greatly obliged and only too glad to remit 
any expense connected therewith. 

Very truly yours. 


w Ml 





1919 Sixteenth Street 
Washington. D.C, 

November 9, 1922 

1919 SLxteenth Street 

NoTember 9. 1922 

Mr. Charles T, Luthy 
Peoria, Illinois 

My deer Sir: 

On returning from California I find your two 
books, entitled ^The Unirersal Alphabet* and 'Human 
Speech Sounds' awaiting attention. It goes without 
saying that I shall find much of interest in them 
and am greatly obliged for your courtesy in sendii^ 

Very truly yours, 






Mr. Stephen Parish 
Point Arena. Celifornie 

My dear Mr. Perish: 

Your letter of October -^S has just errived and I em 
glad to hear from you. Mrs. Merriam and my daqghter 

and myself are all exceedingly soriy to learn that your 
wife is dead. We knew that she was very sick rnd that 
her chance of recovery was small, but still hoped that she 
might live for some time to come. We know she was a good 
woman and that you will miss her sadly. 

Next spring we hope to return to Celifcmia and shell 
try to see you. 

With best wishes to yourself and your mother, 

Very truly yours. 



Washington, D.C. 

1919 Sixteenth Street 

Novfimher t, I'^i^c, 

Mr. Daniel H. Newhall 
154 Nassau Street 
New York City 

Dear Sir: 

deferring to your list No.l7S. I should he 

obliged if you would send me. if not already sold: 

16. Bancroft: kap of California. 1878. 
24. Bruce ,Vfal lace: Yosemite. Boston, 1880 
118. Muir.John: Yosemite. H.Y. .191Z. 


Tery truly yours. 





Kovemter 10, 1922 


Ncveirber 10, 1922 

oan ?rancisco CiLL 

3en Francisco, California 

Deer Sirs: 

Gen you send me e copy of the 
CALL for Ifey 20, 1922? If so, I shp.ll he 
greatly obliged end will remit whatever 
price you indicate. 

Very truly yours. 


Smith Boole Company. 
914 Union Central Eldg 
Cincinnati, Ohio* , 

Dear Sirs: 

If not already sold, please send me 
the following publications advertized in your 
recent list: 


Washington Irving ^s ^Astoria* 

Hap. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1835. $3. 

Yery truly yours. 











■> » 



lov ember 10,1922 

Rev. Frederick G.CoUett 
Indien Boerd of Cooperation 
3 City Hall Avenue 
Sen Francisco, California 

My dear Dr. Collet t; 

Your telegram of November 3 has just reached 
me, forwarded by mail from lagunitaa. We left lagu- 
nitas October 26 and ere now back in our Washington 

home for the winter. 

1 regret missing the meeting mentioned and am 
particularly sorry to miss the opportunity to meet the 
twenty Indians who were to be present ft the conference. 

I expect to return to Californie in early April. 

Very truly yours. 






NoT«mber 11. 1922 




! f 

Kr. W. I. Adam 

Smithiohian Institution 
Washington, IX C* 

Dear Mr* Adanos: 

Inclosed herewith I am handing you 
■ar check on the NaUonal Metropolitan Bank for $600. iJ 
repayment of the sans amount. adTanced roe for field 
•xpenses in Sajr last. 

Teiy truly youzB 

^^1 Hco 

, I 




^ » 


NoTember 13, 1922 

Unirersitgr of California Press 
Berkeley, " " " * 

Dear Sirs: 

' . f 

Will yoa kindly send me tb 
publicationB from your press, together 

1 copy Smiley •s Boreal ?lo 

2 oqpiM lf<dCem*s Functional 
2 copies Barrett^s Kyths of 

Teiy truly yours. 


? ■• 




HoTember 13, 1922 

Kr. Herbert PutooD 

S-5Vlf*' H^*"^ 0^ Congress 
Washu^ton, D, C. 

My dear Mr. PutiuHj: 

Will you kindly tell me if as 
Besearch issociate of the Smithsonian InsUtution ( or 
•• Chainan of the U. S. G«)graphi« BoaxxO .1 am antiUed 
to the prifUege of borrowing books direcUy from the 
Library of Congress, install of gettii^ them indirectly 
throngh ifae Smithsonian Institution or the Departwnt 
of Agriculture? is .y office is ,q,to«, this would sare 
considerable tim. and greaUy facilitate my .oit. fte 
l>ooks I am iik,iy to need usually fall under the head of 
•oology. antim.pology, or tmrel in ^e United States, 
•hould like to take this opportunity of e:«i,ressix« 

^ gratitade for the use of one of ^ Libntxy table.. 

•Mch mjr assistant, Mies Cl«„ence, has had during the 

past few .onths. and which has been of gx^t assistance 
to me* 

Vexy truly youri^ 




l6T6oib«r IS, 1922 

Otto Laog* 

1S2 ?iirs«m«H 



Dear Sir: 

Bjarka for your efttalqgoe lo. 43 (1922) 
recently received. Pleaae send the followii« books 
addreesad to me at 1919 Sixteenth Street. Waehii^ton, 

D. a— 

1286. LlenharJ, Califoniien, 1898. 6 fhmoe. 

1286. Beyer. Hadi den SaoraMnto. 18&6. 6 iVanoe. 

ie your oatalegue statea that prlcea do not inclirie 
postage . and as I hsTe no means of ksovii^ iriiat the " 
poBtege will be, I shall be obliged if you will send 
me a bill for the books, on receipt of which I will 
reeiit at once. 

Teiy truly yours. 




HovsBber 13, 1922 

Scqperintendent of Docunents 
GoTemnent Printing Office 
Washington, D. C, 

Dear Sin 

buy the followiog goT4 
»bli€9sd if you will le 
»nd Hie money for then. 

Wfff M y itis ; 

War of the iwtjeiHon. Seri> 

I. Serial M0.IO&. Tol.SO, Part 1. 
'. Serial No. 106, T0I.6O, Part 2. 

*Hy truly yours . 



TTovember 13, 1S22 

Professor Wm. 3. Colly 
kills Building "^ 

^E>n Prancipco, Calif. 

Dear Lr. Colby: j 

Can you tell me cbout the origin of the name Mount ] 

liiicn. 63 applied to the highest point of the Inverness Ridge? 
The question has come up in the Government Geographic 

Board as to when end why the name wsp changed from the earlier 

name. Point Reye.<? Hill. 

The 'Coant Survey' -.vrites me that the neme Point Hcyes 
Hill has been carried on their maps since 1355. 

As the matter is likely to come up at the next meeting 
of the Bo^rd, to be held the firet v^eek in December. I should 
be greatly obliged if you will let me know what you find out 
about the change of none, at an early dcte. ' 

With best wishes tb you and Krs . Colby, 

Very traly yours. 


Chai rman 












i 1 


November 13, 1S22 


Santa Rosa Press-DemocrEt 

Sante Rosa, California 

Ky deer Sir: 

A clipping from your paper under date of October 22, 1922, 
contains two rather remarkable statements in regard to attacks by 
Indians. One states, on Ihe basis of a report from Carson Valley, 
that a surveying party in a conflict with Indians lost four horses. 
The other, in a note from the 'Oregonian'. speaks of an attack by 
Sioux Indians on the Sweet Water, eight miles from Devil'? Gate, 
Wyoming, in which four v*iites and between twenty end thirty In- 
dians were killed. 

If these statements related to occurrences of fifty years 

ago they would be easy to understand, but at present they are 

rather difficult to believe. 

Very truly yours. 




r * 

November 15, 19ii2 


Jr H.U. Pittaan 
ilartcey, Manitoba 

Deer Mr. Pittmsn; 

-mer writing ,ou fro^ Califo^is I received the =,oond 

*^ • iiiis, iiice th^ former 9r^^^o'^fn^r^ 
,. ., _ .^ 1 Conner specimeii, proves to be 

specunen. I have tuTft^ if «^ 4. xt. •* 

nave tu,i:el it ir to the Kttionol iiuseum collec- 

tior es docated by jou. 
- If yo-^ photog^p!,, .r. .cod . .iouH V ,e:j gl.d to „, 
t«». f.r.icul.rly the., ,ho.i^ the u3e of th. int.rfo.oral 
a»fflorane in feedinp PHj^ii v^ i j -, 

t.,, w ' ^^^^ ^^'° '° «•« Xour notes on 

thxs when you i^ublish. as I hope you will. 

Very truly yours. 


-■*.*%' ♦ 






November 15, 1522 

Mr. H.3. Allen 
121 Second Street 
San Prancisco, Celif. 

Dear Mr. Allen; 

Ion have sent me e number of interesting clippings since my 
return, particularly those relating to a recent convention of Cali- 
fornian Indians in San Prancisco. 

This leads me to remark that you hrve been sending me clippings 
on bears and mountain lions for years as_a personal favor, but have 
not heretofore done business with me on a business basis. 

Now, in regard to Indian clippings. I want to decline your per- 
sonal generosity and at the same time retain the advantage of your 
experience and machinery. In other words, I want all the clippings 
1 can get relating to the Indians of California ard Nevada and want 
to pay for them, the sane as other customers pay for what clippings 
you send them. I have a fund for this purpose, so that the trans- 
action will not impoverish the Kerriam family. If, therefore, jwa 
will kindly list me as indicated and send bills at interval* » in 
accoitlance with your custom, I shell bo greatly obliged, 

Regretting that I was unable to see more of you last season 
and with kindest regards to Mrs. Allen and the children. 

Very truly yours, 

^*\H -JC"^ U^vjo, 



November 15, 1S£2 

Mr. William Puller 
Saulsbyville, Celif omia 

My dear Mr. Puller: 

I regretted not being eble to visit you la^t sumner, but 
hope for better luck next spring. 

i have recently seen newspaper notices of an Indiari con- 
vention in San Prancisco end am very sorry that I was not there. 
If I had known about it before I left^the end of October, I 
should have stayed in order to see you and the others. But I 
knew nothing about it until after my return to Weshir^ton. 

I have not heard anything as to plens for the coming 
winter, but am afraid that very little can be done here in 
Washington under the present Administration. 


With best wishes to you and your family end people, 

Tery truly yours , 


NovemlDer 15, 1922 

Mr. Val A. Pyim 
4954 Undell Blvd. 
St. Louis, Mo. 

My deer Sir: 

Thenks for your letter of the 10th inst. telling me 

alDout your Aleske hunt. I regret your lack of success, hut 

this of course is huhter's luck on a first trip, and you will 

doubtless fare bettor the next time you go. Inexperienced 

guides Fnd those deficient in local knowledge hfive defeated 

many a good hunter before now. 

With best wishes , 

Very truly yours , 
^^ \ . - \ 






November 16, 1&£L 

Mr, Jemr-j^ W. kcGuire 
Coast wc Geodetic Survey 
. V/ashington, d.Q. 

My desr Mr, iicGuire: 

Your letter of October £6 vves written on the day I left Legu- 
nitas in Celifornie on the wey beck to Washington, where it finally 
reached me» 

I am glad to ?ee that sonecne besides myself is getting stirred 
up over the horrible duplication of geographic names in California - 
Ci matter that has troubled me for lery many years. | 

The remedy cannot be applied arbitrarily with an iron rod, but 
in each case must depend on present local usage, the length of tiire ' 
the name has been in common use, and the relative density or sparseness 
of the population. \ 

With reference to the cases you mention in Marin County, we araj 


confront e.^ by the pitiful fsct that nc feirly reliable map of this 
county exists at the present time, so that, aside from the Point Rsyr- 
end Petaluma sheets of tlie Geological Survey, I am not aware of any 
map of even approximate accuracy. This is frankly admitted by Edwera 
Denny, the map publisher of San Francisco, who has himself published 
maps coverinig the greater part of the county. 

is to the name San Antonio Creek; this fortunately is clear; 
it "Should be restricted to the stream you mention as flowing into 


Petaluma Creek end forming part of the boundaiy between Karin end 
Sonoma Counties. 

The name Estero Americano, as you know, was early applied to 
Tomales Boy. It was so used by de Kofras in 1844 (on his chart 17), 

•nd his usage wpc followed by Tyson in 1850 and rlso by Ringgold, 

lilrMaiq. lAf^i^^*-.. ^ ^^^ i*?^ fifty years it epoears to have been 
iiMwise lciOU.|applied generally to the northern tributary of Bodega Bay 

On Scholfield's map of Soutf^regon end Kortlf^alifornia 
(1851), Bodega and Tomales Bays ere united under the nrme of the former. 

The names Estero San Antonio end Arroyo Sen Antonio heve been 
applied in a yery confusing way and should be dropped altogether so 
far as the Tomales Bay region is c5oncemed. The stream lebeled 
Arroyo San Antonio on the Coast Surrey chert, entering Tomales Bay 
just north of Hamlet end flowing westerly south of the town of Tomeles, 
is locally known as Keyes^Creek, which name eppears to be fairly es- 

The name Salmon Creek from long usag* is well established 
for the stream flowing westerly into the Pacific, between the mouth 
of Rupsian River and Bodega Heed. It would be unfortunate to apply 
the same name to any other stream in this region. 

As to the nerae Mount Vision; It was engraved on the^Tnprint 
of the photolith map of Point Reyes quadrangle sent me by Marshall 
five or six years ago. and immediately below it was printed the old 
neme.Point Reyes Hill. I know nothing c{ its origin, but heve written 
Williem 2. Colby. President of the Sierra Club, who hes e summer plact 
at Inverness, end hope to have a reply in a few deys. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 



Kov ember 16, ISTE 

Mr. Stenhen Knight 
Ukieh, tJalifomia 

Dear Mr. Knight: 

All summer I hed planned end expected to go to see you before 
returning to Washington, but was prevented. During the letter part 
of the season I hurt my knee end had to go to a hospital in San 

I left California the letter part of October. At that time I 
had not heard anything about the meeting i^iich was held in San Fran- 
Cisco early in Novonber. If I had knoi;7n about it I would have 
stayed, as I should hpive been glad to hear what was said and done 
and might have been of some assistance. I earnestly hope that good 
will com.e from tliis meeting. 

I do not knew anything about plens for the preswit winter and 
am afraid that it is hopeless to bring the question of the Court of 
Claims bill up again while the present administration is in power. 

If you have anything to tell me I shall be glad to hear from 
you at any time, and if I can be of any help you will of course let 
me know. 

We expect to return to California early in April end I shall 
certainly make an effort to see you as soon as practicable. 

With best wishes from us ell. 

Very truly yours 


November 16, 1S22 

Dr. Pliny E. Goddard 
few te^i?; "^'^^ 

Dear Dr. Gcxidard: 

About a year ago I saw a notice that you were to 
give a talk on lyiei]^ Indians before some society. Have 
you published this or do you intend to publish on the 
Wylskkft in the near future? 

I am anxious to absorb as much infermation as posoibie 
about th^se people, and should greatly appreciate the benefit 
of anything you are publishirg on the subject. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours, 




Kcvfflmtfr 10, 19££i 

Mr. utrmn Henderson 
uakltrxd , Ceiifcrniij. 

Deor Henrian; 

The lest tirf5 i ^avi you you tuld ine about a new oil 
burner recently edopted by thf^ iLr:ericon P^dirtor Ccmpeny* I 
TOs quite exciti^d over this r:nd tol • evernl friend*' rbout it. 
They male inquiries end were tcid that no such oil burner ex- 
ists. Whereupon I wrote to the Americeji Rsdiatcr Cc/npfcLy -' nd 
have today received their reply, in \*:ich they sty; "Iny Ideiil 
Boiler will bum oil. It is only a question of obtiiinlxig the 
proper oil burner, which v?c do not laEnufcicture, We suggest 
that you take the matter up with the Gen^^rrl Oil Burne^ Sidles 
Ccrporetion or the Nokol Autcnatic Hester Conp^nyJ* 

This puts me in i:n swkward position in relation ^o the 
people tc whom 1 have recnrtly recommended the Ide^.i rlcf ter 
machine. If it were net to put you to too nouch trouble I should 
approcitte your courtesy in the matter if you will cbtein rnd 
send me p circul^ir of the oil burner you told me about. 

The three Ltgunitas Merriams reached V^cshington s»;fely, 
since which we heve installed in our eld furnace a Nokol burner 
which burns a certain grade of distillate and thu^ far has given 

greet satisfaction. it is controlled by a thermostat upstairs 
and a water regulator tt the boiler and requires no attention 
on our part. 

The .veether so far has been mili end the several members 
of the Kerriam family have avoided street accidents and other 
impedir.ents to health ani happiness. 

With kindest regards to your good wife and all the other 
good Hendersons, and with love from u? all. 

As ever yours , 





November 13, l^FE 

Dr. Pliny E. Uodderd 

American iiuseum of Natural History 

Ne* iork City 

Dear Dr. (iodAerri: 

Very many thtnks for your promptne^-^ in replying 
to my inquiry about the prospects of publicaticn of your 
work on the Wilakki. i appreciate your courtesy in ^ivinp 
me thi? infonsiftion and in offering tc send ne proofs of one 
of your forthcomirg papers. But fron what you ssy eri from 
your previous publioeticns it is obvious that your spoci^l 
interests and mire in ethnological work lie along ^uite dif- 
ferent lines, although we lap over in the natter of Iccoting 
village sites. 

I am particularly interested in tribal boundtries 
end tribal name^ and have wanted to credit ycu ;vith inforaij^tivn 
along these line? thf:t ycu may have obtained prior tc my own 

Yes. during the ptjst season I spent a good deal of 
time in Humboldt end Trinity Counties end pucceeded in meking 
several addition- and a few corrections to my previous meps. 

With best wishes, 

Very truly yours. 

November 18, 19:^2 

Mr- M. Hell Mc Allister 
485 Californie 3treet 
San Francisco, Celifomia 

Dear Ur. Mo Allister: 

Very racny thanks for your letter of the IGth inst. 
and accompenyir^g photographs, which heve just arrived, showing 
the lodge you have recently erected for the Sierra Club at 
Horse Camp on Mt. Shasta. 

You certainly have put up a most substantial and at- 
tractive lodge and one that will in the natural order cf thirds 
be a great comfort to many people. 

But as to the proposed horse trail to the summit and 
another lodge up there — that strikes me as a pretty big 
proposition — one that would require a large amount of money — 
so much, indeed, that at first sight the question naturally 
arises ss to whether it would be '.yorth the co?t. 

Having had a base camp near timberline on Shasta for 
several months and having made the complete circuit cf the peak 
between timberline and the lower edge of the glaciers, I do 
not yield to anyone in my admiration for the splendid mountain. 

As you suggest, i will talk the matter over with Dr. 

John C. kerriam the next time i see him. 

Hoping to have the pleasure of seeing you when in Cali- 
fornia next season, 

Very truly yours. 






r20. 1922 


William J. Campbell 
1731 Caiestnut Street 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dear Sir: 

Tlianks for your catalogue No* 59 


just received. Pleaae send me the following book 
listed therein together with bill for same. 
312. Josiah Priest. Anerican Antijuities and 

DiscoTeries in the West, 1833. 

Very truly you IB 




NoTflmber 20, 1922 

oSflrtmnt Printing Office 
iMhington, D« 0, 

Bmut Sir: 

Thanks for yoxir lettar of Hoteoiber 18 

•nolosing price li.t Ho. 60. PUaee send me ttie foL 
lowing dooiMsnta listsd therein.— 

•War of Rebellion. Ser.I. Ho. 105 Jo 1.50. Part 1 

106,Tol.80, Part 2 

. Biographical Note* on Barly California. 1542- 1852 

•Benert* en Utah Bcpedition against rebel Mox«on« 
^ohdv Bri^^ian Toung 

• SeparaUm in Utah. 1847-1870 

• Hietorical Beeearch in the Far Wea* 


I m enclosing check for $3.86 and rtiould be obliged for 
» r«»eipUd bill which I B»y use as a eub-Toucher. 
Please send me also price lists Hos. 24. 31. 36. 49. 

63, and 69, 

$0.75 • 
.80 * 

.55 ' 

.45 ' 
.65 • 



Tery truly youiw. 







''fiphingtcn,^^ ^cciety 

^f^r i^V. Grosrenor: 

Thank, for your invitatior to i u 
with vn,, ♦ ^'"Ction to lunch 

witn you to meet Dr '"h^™^ t, , 

^cvenber c7 i,t 12.20 at th« ^ 

^u-j, , ^' '^^'^^^ Club. I 

^hall be very glad to be present. 

^ery truly yourp. 










Ilovember 25, 1S22 

Dr. H.U. Anderson 
Chief .Division of Biology 
Victoria Memorial Museum 
Ottawa, Canada. 

Dear Dr. Anderson: 

lour letter of November 22 hes just arrived. I sub- 
scribed to Professor ilccoun '5 autobiography when it was first an- 
nounced and found the book awaiting me on my recent return from 

So far as personal feelings go I shoul-^ be glad to re- 
view it, but owing to the pressure of other nttters and the con- 
dition of my health I hpve had to give up reviews _ even in the 
case of books published by personal friend?. 

I am gled to know of your recent field work, especially 
of your study of the eastern woodland caribou, end am gled to know 
thtt you secured a aeries of specimens for the Victoria L'useum. 

I hftve not been able to do much work Tvith Ihe bears during 
the past two years, owing to a combination of more pressing matters, 
including three sieges in hospitals. However. I was able tc do a 
satisfactory bit of field work in California during the past sum- 
mer and hope to get back tc the bears during the coming winter. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 




* . 





HoTember 27, 1922 

Kr. i. H« Robertson 

Union Square 

San FrmnolMo, Calif. 

Dear Mr. Robertson: 

Will you kindly send the follow- 
ing books to B» at my Washington address together with 
bill for sane: 
-^ W. I. Chalfant. Story of Inyo (published by author), 1922* 
^ Fr. Ze|%rin Ei^elhardt, Histoxy of San Diego Uieeion, 1921. 

Tr. Zephyrin Engelhardt, History of San Juan Capistrano^ 

Mission, 1922. 

Fr. Zephyrun li^elhardt, History of San L\xis Bey Mission, 1922, 





1 » 
1 1 I 

Veiy tiuly youx*. 



Wov ember 28, 1922 

wfi3hiriBton, D,c. 

Dear Sir; 

' ' '" ™^ """"^' -=" " "» --y-ce and in^on^.H^. 
"f r„,de„ts of the east ,ide of W.h street .„d -y 
Choline Street. "" "^°" '^ 

In order to reach the pre.ent boi at tlv. . 

and U Street" it i, „ "■"■"■ ''^ *'5"' 

'roet„ It IS neoesparj to n»)tp f.-^ »<• .1, 

^ period during which if 7 „ . ^''^ ^ ^•"'•• 

t wmcn. If , a^ ^^^ mistaken no-t ^ f fv i .. 
are mailed. ^ •"^" letter 

In the interest of ner<?nr. ^ o ^ * 
n<^ 1 ,* Perscr.^ safety and of a Urre r,.m>. 

°f inter ...rUers in this par. of the city I .iv, ^ 
■^il box cannot be re;n,t„ted .here it r " 

«.e corner of :ath an, Carol, "'' """'"■ '" 

^-ic. Van >.ar.ter of the Z^^u''' '' '" ^""" ^^ 

Veiy truly your?. 


Kcven^er 29. 1922 

Mr. C.3. Sloane, Secretary 

U*S. GooRraphic Board 

'"ensus uTfice, Washington, D. C. 

Dter Mr. Sloan e: 

The pamphlet you serit me just as I was leaving 
Calif orriia has-been returned to me here. I refer to the 
one entitled *The Achievements of Captein Robert Gray*. 
This I have raad mth much interest. But the letter you 
mentioned enclosing has not yet come to hand. 

I have not found anything in the pamphlet taking 
issue vvith any of my ftatementp regarding the name Kount 


I e-Tpect tc be present at the next meetings of 

the Conimittee and of the Board. 

With best wishes , 

Very truly your?, 




December 2, 1922 

Mr. W. I. Adams 

Smithsonian Inetitution 
Washington, D. C. 

Dmut Mr. idana: 

"•'•with I am handing you my expense 
account for th« month of NoTsmter air. oun ting to $66.67; 
a Touoher for Zenaida Iferriam, aBaistant, $24.50iand a 
▼•uchar for Uisa B. Cunradi, serTicee as stenographer 
and asaistant. half-days, Noventer 6-30 inclusive. at the 
rate of $1600 per annum. Mot beir^ sure of the amount. 
I am laariqg this for you to fill in. In case the form 
of this Toucher is not •aUsfactoxy, please fix one up 
the wagr you prefer. 

Kindly send a batch of sub-Toucher«. 

Very truly yoora. 

An also enolosii^ billa a« followaj 

idams -- 1000 Letter heada 
Umversity California PublicaUoM 
vixiginia Paper Co.— 4 M Pi^er 



■ I 






Nov. 6 

n 7 









Dr. C.Hart Merriam 

1919 - 16th Street, Washington, D.C. 

Expense Account for Kovember 
Photostfit copies, T-nner maps itt*6H-l%Hl 
Colunbia Fhclc Supply^^o. DevelopinG -printing 
LIcrriscn Pcper Co. & io2.3tencg.note ^oo^s. 
Stockett-FisVe Co. Tiivo record "gooKS ..^erasers 
litt'l.Viindow Cleaning Co. Cleaning windows of 

office rcoms. 
State Uuseum. Alb2ny..N.Y. Portfolios of Plovers 

& Birds for use in Indian field T/orK-. 
Daniel H. Rewhall. Books. . 

Librsrv Bureau. 1000 3x5 cards (ruled) 
Tokens ^ bus tickets for assistants on errands 

Thrf^ad for bimdinA.. ^ .^^^i^^^^Aa 

Gcv't.rrintinn Office, Docs^Vm«**<^-»'^4-.-*'«^l 

Stockett-jisKe uo. Bends u. ink. 
Gan^.pbc 111 Priest's Americen Antiquities • l°f^-,,,, 
Wisconsin ZttU Hist.Soc. Orderwsy's ^ Jurnbull ? 

«j ouri>ci uo 

?ield oc Stream, for 1S23 
Eo£id ^ Gun in /Chnede. for Ib^'i 
Outdoor Life (Denver). ^ 9opies 
herbert 1.. Wilson's *Yc3emx 
Postage ^ stamped enveiopes., ^„^. ^ ^^,,„_ ec. 
Florence Johnson. Housecfeaning office rco^ v^J, 
cleaning office re. cms month of Nov. ^ 

Electric current to liov. 20 


3 20 




3 30 

1 ■ 20 

3 73 


3 00 


3 54 



3 35 




1 50 


3 50 

2 50 


*■ «. 

4 CO 

:. 50 

3 10 


10 00 

2 00 

56 67 

Fifty six 

- - sixty sfiven - 




Dr.Geo.R.Uill.jr. -2 

Decem'ber 4, 1922 

Dr. George R. Hill, jr, 
Utah Agricultural Sollege 
Logan, Utah 

Deer Dr. Hill: 

I em overjoyed to learn that you hcve actually secured 
the Wesatch grizzly skull end I iviah to thank you and your trpop 
of 45oy tcouts for whet you have done. The boys evidently did a 
mightly good job in finding the place. 

Mow, es to the treatment of the skull: The bed smell 
is probably due in the main to decaying brains, which should be 
washed out. but without injuring the natural opening in the rear 
of the skull. However, this is a disagreeable job end if the 
skull is dried in the air |«a week or two" the smell will probably 
diminish, so that the thing may be shipped. It should be .veil 
wrapped in newspapers end pecked in a box which should be shipped 
by express, charges collect. addressediU.S. Biological Survey. 
Department of Agriculture. TJashington, D.C. Your neii» and ad- 
dress should be written on e teg ettached to the skull and also 
on the outside of the box. so thrt there may be no danger of 
confusing it with others,which are arriving every few days - 
chiefly from British Columbia and Alaska. 

If the skull reaches us before the end of the month a 
check will be sent in return the first of Jenueiy. 

I wish you would kindly tell the 3oy Jccuts how much 
I apprecicte their successful effort in this matter. 

With best wishes , 

Very truly yours. 



» '; 



December 4, lSii2 

Mr. Howard Puguet, Sec 'y. 
Wilderness Club 

Fhiledelphia, p£. 

My dear Mr. Fugue t; 

• ■ Very meny thenks for your invitetion to iitteid 

the annual dinner of the Wilderness Club on Scturdev 
Deceniber 9. As I was not able to «njoy this privi- 
lege last year I shall be particularly glad to be with 
you this year if practicable. But of thi? I em not 
yet sure. Will let ycu kno,* toward the latter part 
of the week. 

Very truly yours , 

December 4 , 1^22 



Hon. J.B. H^^rkin, Commissioner 
Ctinadian National Parks 
Ottawa, Geneda 

'ear Sir: 

Replying to your communication of 
Ncv#mber 21, concerning T^deral bird protec- 
tion in Canada, I regret to say that ray in- 
fcrmation in regnrd to the capes in question 
is too antiquated tc admit of reply. 

Very truly yours , 


■•:- ■ » > 



December 4, 11X2 

Ur.^ Janes W. KcGuirr 

U.3* Coest 1 Geodetic lurvey 

W8shii\tcn, D.C. 

My deer Kr. McGuirT: 

Replying to your I^^tter of llcveraber 27, would say that 
1 am not ecquainted with the nE:me Ture^ e? applied to a mountein. 
Turep (Too^-rep), however, is the neme of a streen end elso of a 
villtge on Klemeth Fiver ebout " or 8 miles cbove Eeque. If the 
seme name is applied to tim neighboring mountain I feiled to get 

The other name Tekwc, for r knifelike scarp or the coast^ 
I did not get, but an likely to secure during the coming season. 

Vary truly yours, % 


December 4, 1922 

Kr. Donald P. Dickev 
514 Lester j^venae 
Pasadena, Oclifcmia 

Dear Mr. Dickey: 

Your letter c:ddressed to me at Laguiiitas has been for- 
warded to Washirpton, where we h«ve been for about a month. 

Owing to pressure of work in the north and the necessity 
of an early return tc the east, I \vas not able to visit southern 
California this year, much to m.y regret. 

We all are delighted tc kno.v thnt you are coming to 
Washington lii Pebruary to give us a lecture on rome of your big game 
exploits. This will be mightj interesting and we hope you and 
Mrs. Dickey, if she is with you, will be willing to put up with us 
while you are hrre. 

Eep'ljing tc your question as to the proper use of the 
word 'j)e retype*, would say that I abominate all these complicated 
and to my feeble intellect wholly. superfluous^ terms. In my per- 
sonal experience, extending over some fifty years o|| work in 
2;oology hi-d botany, I have found tY^. terms 't^^* and 'top atype ' 
wholly adequate and sufficient. Some years ago I ventured to 

incur the fnirriOsity of some of my friend? by expressing in print 
^■:y vie'v^s on this subject. 

^(ith best wishes, and hoping to see you and Mrs. Dicker 

in February, 


Very truly yours. 



December 4, 19£2 

Mr. Eobert 3. Yard 
151£ H Street 
ffeshincton, D.C. 

Denr llr. Yard: 

Is it precticElile to obtein 8 copy of the photo- 
graph of Grand Canyon from Brirht ^ngel Point by George 
1. Beam, published in the Sierrr Club Bulletin, ?ol.ll, 
facing page 319, irsued the early part of the preeent year 

If you cpn tell ne where I can obtain a print I 
shall greatly appreciate your courtesy and will of 
course remit any charges connected there^vith. 

Very truly yours, 














December 5, 1922 

Mr. William ?. Brenner 
Ore nt , Uontane 

My dear Sir: 

Very many thanks for your letter of Kov.£o, offering 
tc send me the sbill of e grizzly from your region. I grectly 
appreciete your courtesy in the rm tter end Fhall be very glad 
indeed to receive the specimen. Kindly send it by express, 
charges collect, addresred U.3. Biological Survey. Bepartraent 
of Agriculture, Washington. D.C. Please write your nrme and 
address on a tag ftta^hcd tr the skull end also en the outside 
of the box. so that there mfiy be nc danger of confusion. Skulls 
of big bears are coming in every few days and in eomc oaaes 
there is great difficulty in ascerteinirig viho they are from. 

Very truly yours , 


-V';»»r- »r- 









December 5, 1S22 

Lieut.?. 0. Higgins 
Air Board 
Ottawa, CenEis 

Deer Sir* 

Beplyinc to your letter of Noveml^er TS, 
would state that 1 hcve referred your request 
for lists of topographical, geogrfiphicel , 
P.eological and other maps to the Director of 
the U.S. Geological Survey, i*io doubtless will 

reply at an early date. 

Very truly yours, 



December 5. 1S22 

Mr. P. / . Whc 11 jlleneger 
Ketrcpoliten lar Goods Co. 
Athol, Utss. 


Deer Sir: 

Thanks fcr your letter of Nov, 29, enclosing ermple of 
goods and photographs of your tent. 

1 notice that ycu speak of the materUl as ^'licht weiohf" 
You do not mention the weight of the tent, but from the sample I in- 
fer that it must weigh two or three times cs much as the tent I had 
in view, 

I am not seeking a weather-procf tent, as it is net in- 
tended to keep cut either cold, rain or mosquitoes, ee we have none 
of these during the six months of each year thr.t I spend in fi'-ld 
livork in California; neither have I any use for ground cTcth. ffhtt 
I am after is the lightest possible tent as a protection from neigh- 
boring eyes T^ien camping near other people. 

I assume of course that your poles and rods ^^re jointed. 

I somehow got the idea that you make a tent of the kind 
shown in your photographs of^j;e8lly 1 i^^^t^^^je^t^r^^ The bulk and 
weight are ^11 important to me. 

I have not received any of your cetiilogufS for the past 
two years and should be glad to have one. 

Very truly yours , 



Dece!Bl)€r 6, 1922 

Mr. Brent iltsfaeler 
Lincoln Bank Building 
LooisfiUs, Ky* 

My dear Sir: 

Many thank? for your letter of Horeraber 24. 1 em glad 

to know that you aay po«8il>ly undertake e bear hunt in the lava 

bade region of eaatem Oregon. 

i trip to that region is not ao difficult ae you think. 
I hare been there ayaelf but did not aee any bears. The regioft 
ie acceaaible from either Klaaath Falls or Bendiand at the s&m 
tine the region is trarersed by roads, «o that it ie possible to 
drire a car rery close to. if not directly into, the area in 
habited by these bear*. 

The Biological Surrey and the National Museum would b« 
Tery glad to hare the speciiBens, if yon succead in securing any. 
It is not iwcessary to go to the expense of taking a taxidermist 
on ttie chance of killing one or more hears. Any hunter, guide 
or ranch hoy wotdd be able to prepare the specimens properly, in 
accordance with our printed directions. 

I should not think of taking a moTing picture ceaiera, 
as there would not be one chance in many thousand of being ahls 
to use it. Ordinary photographs of the dead animal, howerer. 
would be of ralne. 



Mr. B.Altsheler - 2 

ill of our bears den up in winter, coming out in early 
spring. ■ The dote of their emergence rarisF with the season. 
The fur is prime when they first appear after hibernation. 

There would be no difficulty. I think, ia the matter 
of the necessary huntir^ liceiEe. 

Hunters and sheep men in the Isra beds region of eastern 
Oregon claim that there ere two wholly different species of bears 
there: a dwarf grizzly and a dwarf black or brown bear. A few 
years ago one of the sheep men gare me the skull and skin of a 
cub of the lava beds black bear; but it ie too young to haTe 
attained the characters of the adult and therefore cannot be 
properly described. 

▼cry truly yours. 



Decenber 6, 1922 

S[r. M. 0. Chanc* 
08 toaster 

n, D. C, 

Uy dear Sir: 

Veiy many thanks for your oourtwiy 
in replacing the mail- box on the northeast comer of 
Sixteenth and Caroline streets, as re;iue8ted in ^f 
letter of Horember 28. 

Tida is and will continue to be a great oonvenieno* 
to the nuBierous residenta on the east side of thii part 
of Sixteenth Street, and also obriates the danger of 
crossing three ooQgested streets (Sixteenth. Kev Hai^ 
shire Ayenue. and U) in order to reach the mail- box 
on the comer of Sixteenth and U. 

With e4)preciatiTe thanks , 

Tory truly yours 




Bec€Bber 6. 1922 

Ir. C.I. Sjkes 
irdaore. Oklahoaa 

•••r Ir. Sykes: 

Thanks for your letter of Mormbn 28. 
I shall be Tery glad iadaad to aae and wmamn your big 
•kill and wild also like to asanrs yon i^at the lational liosen 
mmU be extr«iialy glad to aooapt it if jon am trilling to pme. 
the apeciaan as indieatad in your letiar. 

Kindly hare ttia akuU aacuraly paekad and ahif^ by 
express, ehaxges collect, addrsaaad D.S. Biological anrrey. Da- 
partaent of igriculture. lashington, D.C. FUaaa attach to tha 
•tall a tag baaring yonr mm and addi«as and nlm wt±U ynt 

•nd address on tha outside of tfca bax. «, that there »y «>t 
arise any ,uea*l^ as to ita identity, as se «« wcsirti* sitfl. 
of Big Bears froa aaski mmj little *ila. 

I assoM that this is tha skuU rafamd to by Oolonal 
MoGttirs in tha ii»r of 1921. fcaraabouts on tha il^ika Panin- 
snlo did yon kill it? 

▼oiy tnly yours. 


December 6. 1922 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Worics 
St. Lojais, Ho. 

detr Mr. Mallinckrodt: 

Yery many thanks for your courtesy in sending me your 
important article on your Alaska Peninsula bear hunt. I am 
mighty glad to see this article in print and also to see that 
your illustrations have come out so well« You certainly 
succeeded in securing a most remarkable and at the same time 
most raluable series of photographs or the living bears. 
3Cour article is a noteworthy contribution to our knowledge of 
the habits of IIxaiUL .gyaa* and I shall be glad to quote parta 
of it in my final wox^ on ttie Big Bears. 

With best wishes, 

Yery truly yours. 



December 6, 1922 

i s 



Dr. Edward D* Jones ^ ,,,. 
208 Consolidated Realty Building 
Los Angeles, California 

Dear Dr. Jones: 

In compliance with my promise 

before leaving California, I am now wend- 
ing you I copy of my review of the Big 


Very truly yours. 


December 6, 1922 

Lieut.G.T. Smmons 
Princeton. N*J. 

My dear Lieutecent Emmons: 

In accordance with mj promise 
before leaving California. I an mailing you 
herewith three copies of my rerision of the 
Big Beaw# 

With kindest regards and the 
compliments of the season to yourself and 

Very truly yours. 









December a, 1922 

Dr* H, He T. Jacksoa 
U, S. Biological Surrey 
Washington, D. C. 

Dear Dr« Jackson: 

The address of the man to whom the 

Kataai small mafnmali.sent through Professor 
to be returned is Prof. James S. Hine, Ohio State 
TJniven^ityj, Columbus, Ohio. 

The three Bear ekulls recently received from Clarence 
Sands of Atlin. B. C. were all killed in 1920 within 30 
miles of Atlin* 

Can you give me the date of receipt of Grizzly skull 
Noo 242644 from Laidlow Parte, Idaho? Probably received 
the latter part of Bqr or early June* 

Can you give me the date of receipt and name of 
sender of Grizzly skull No. 242652 from Williajaifi, Arizona, 
reported to have been killed May 10, 1922? 

Tery truly you re » 



7, 1922 

J" 8 Jeann* E. tier 
HSJr^aS:'"^ Hastorical Society 

Thanks for your letter of 
Deoenber 2nd in response to my inquiiy about Hfi,. 
Cdim*6 article on the Irts and Crafta of the 
Nerada Indian.. I « enclosing U. S. Poe t^ 
Money Onier for 76 cent., for which plea^a .end 
me the report (in paper coTers) containing 
this article, 

Tery truly yours. 


SMSfliiber 8. 1938 

Kiia.lSxitidi ColsBbia 

DMr Sir: 

lonr letter of Octol>er 28 reeolied ae shortly after aj 
return fre« Calif ert*., end yeaterdey I nent to the la. en and exa«- 
iaed the three ^«AJt? aknlla yon .eat in. 

The prioe. yon qnote eere those I ma piflUg fw pwrfeot 
•knll. froa deelmWe iMaUtie. a>>iit fear year. 
ovii« to the litge anaber of .kail, received «ad tia .aortage oz 
faoda. I hare hetn obliged to cut ijum the price. T.ry aaterially. 

Of the three aknll. received, one i. an advlt aali^h' good 
Miiitiaa. vlich I « pricing at $10; oae i. en iMatnre bear - a 
cub in the seeonl year; with the haae cat eat. priced .t |3; the third 
i. a eoMon^lack bear. Tslned at $2; in all $15. which noimt will 
be cent you froa mj aeooaat in the Saithsoniaa laatitation about the 

end of ttie preaant aoath. 

Ihile there are aaay apeciaea. fr«a your region ifcick 
Mm Mittami Mold be sled to hare, there are no fnnda aTailable for 

ttieir purahaae 

Tery truly yours. 




DecMber 8 . 1922 


Deowber 8, 1922 

Mr. ff.2. Dur/ea 
Iliaana Baj. Alaska 

Daar Sir: 

In jonr letter dated October 29. 1921. you aenticB 
•enduig two skulls by parcel poet. The one fro. Anchorage 
•as noTer receiTed. The on* fro. Dry Bay caae last 
suner and is ralued at ?6. liiich amount will be sent 
you from ny account in the Smithsonian about the first 
of Janoary. 

▼•ry truly yours. 


Mackay & Dippie 
Calgary, ilberta 

Dsar Sirs: 

lour letter of HoTanber 14 and th« foar 

skulls Mutioned hare now arrired and 1 hcTe j 
exa«ined then and hare priced then as follows: 

The one from Crows Hest Pass is an i 

■ature skull, with base cut out in reaoTing the bxain 
ralued at |3. The three fro. Chaapaigne ere: adult 
■ale with base out out. ZS; adult fe^le. Z5: young 
■sle, $3; in all ^16, a check for which will be Mit 
you from ay account io the Saithaonian by the first 
of January. 

Tory truly you rs , 




BecMber 9. 1922 

Mrs. Gartnide Bormin 
1830 California StrMt 
Waabiiigton, D«C» 

My dear Hr8« Boxmin: 

Yerj man J ttianki for your courtesy in sending wm the 
carbon of your article entitled *The California IndiaisOx^gffiiMtiPB 
ei^ Their Court of Cleiiis BiU^. It reached me yesterday after- 
noon and I have read it m th very great interest. It is a aoet 
compreheralTe, accurste biA eltogether admirable steteiwnt of the 
history of the case, and I for one feel under an obligation to yoa 
for having made so careful a record. 

Had 1 known in adrance of the liofeBber » eting I should 
not have left California until afterward, as I an deeply interested 
In the orgeniaaticn* 

I agree with you that the recent Indian convention in 
San Trancisco is the mmt important step that hat ever been taken 
in the interests of California Indies, and i feel also that the 

good results that will follow are due largoly to the serrices 
dered by yourself, Helen Dare and Stephen Knight. 

Mrs. Merrian joins ne in kind regards ead in the hope 
that you and Captain Bonnin will call on us in the near future. 

Tery truly yours. 


Oecenber 9, 1922 

Mr. n.E. Pittoan 
Hartney, Manitoba 

Dear Mr. Pittnan: 

Many thanks for your letter of December 1 and aocoBpenying 
photographs of bata^ just received* Of these I en retaining five 
and returning by registered mail herewith the other five, is they 
•re not numbered it is a little difficult to designate thesi pro- 
perly. Uowerer, jm will easily locate thea by eliainatioii* 

I assuse that the price of these with the pririlege of 
reproduction is ^ each as heretofore, and unless I hear froa you 
to the contrary I will hare a check for $10 Mat you about the end 
of flie present aonth* Vhey wvrely are an omnially interestiqg 
series of photograite, aad your aooooat of the feeding habits is 
an iaportaat coatribution* Icu aig^t publish thia ia the * Jonrna 1 

I sy^[>athise with your position in respect to natural 
history work. It is uaaally this way; one has to hsTo a buaineaa 
or Uk occupation iriiiich claiaa aoat of hia tiae, ao that rery little 
ia left to do the thing one really wishaa aost to do. lad your 
location in the aidst of aaiaala of Tarious kinds offera unusual 
opportunitiea for aaking photographs and obaerrationa of habita. 

With best wishes » 

Tery truly yours. 


December 9. 1922 

Mr. Gilbert GrosTenor, President 
Netionel Geographic Society 

Weshingtcn, D.C. 

My dear Mr. Grosvenor: 

Replying to your letter of the 4th ins t. .enclosing one 
from Herbert Corey, would say that on looking the matter up I find 
that the so-called ''flies" are not Gammarid shrimps, as I supposed 
from the moving picture, but are the Hater Boatmap^ Cori 
or ia9rQ9na.ri£) belonging to the family QjmUjJdaB of t^e ii 
They are not related in any way to the "flies •** 

Is to the maguey being a cactus, the idea is too ab- 
surd. The maguey is an Agave, whose relationship to the cactuses 
is comparable to that of a chipmunk to a cow. 

When a lecturer depends for his information on a popular 
guide book the result is easily forecast. I think we fully agree 
that this sort of newspaper inaccuracy, not to use a stronger word, 
ill befits a lecturer of the National Geographic Society. 

The lecturer's remark in the last sentence of his letter 
which you enclosed: ''It is of no real consequence" in connection 
with some of his published writings^ suffices to establish his 
standard of accuracy and reliability* 

Very truly yours. 






1919 Siiteenth Street 
DecemT)er 9, 1922 

Mr. Yii Iliac 2. Colty 
Mills Building ^ ,.. . 
San Francisco, Caliiomia 

My deer Mr. Colby: 

Yeiy aeny thanks for your letters of 

Kovem'ber 21 and 28, both of which reached me yes- 
terday , the former fOrtarded froa Lagunitas. I 
m greatly obliged for the detailed in&rmeticn as 
to how both names, Mount Vision and Point Eeyes Hill, 
ly be perpetuated, and I am obliged also for the 

letter fro» Payne J. Shafter. 

With kindest regards to you and Mrs. Colby, 

Very truly yours, 





1919 Sixteenth Street 
Deceaber 11, 1922 

Mr. Charles S. Sloane. Sec*j. 
U.S. Geographic Board 
Washington, D.C. 

Dear Mr. Sloan e: 

In compliance with a request from Mr. MoGuire of 
the Coast Surrey to secure data concerning the naae Mount 
Vision, on luTemees Ridge. Point Reyes Peninsula. Call- 

fomia, I wrote W*^. Colby, *o has a sumer residence 
near by. His replies, with accMipanying letter from Payne 
J« Shafter. one of the oldest residents, are herewith en- 

You were greatly missed at the recent »e tings 
of the Board and Szecutire Committee, and I trust that you 
will soon be again in your usual health. 

Witii best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 




Pecember 11, 19E2 

Mr. W. deC Ravenel 
Administrative Assistant 
U.S. Hational Museum 
Washington, D.C. 

Dear Mr. Ravens 1: 

Thanks for your letter of Wie 7th inst., enclosing 
a letter from E. Cunninghera & S^ of Port Bssington, B.C., 
concerning the possible sal/^ of specimens of an albino form 
of black bear describe^ ®® CrCttS kftxaodo i ^ 

I have li^^ld interest in albinos and for ssTeral 
years hare had to cut doTO materially on the purchase of bear 
skulls, ip order to have en'txigh left to employ a stenographer; 
and for two years past the fufl* has not been sufficient to 
admit of renting an office, so that I am still using a con- 
siderable part of my house for office quarters. I am return- 
ing the Cunningham letter herewith. 

Very truly yours. 




December 11, 1922 

Mr. Joseph lillits 
LaytonTille, California 

Ify dear Mr. Willits: 

Your letter of December 1 has just reached me at my Waakington 
home. I an very sorry to learn that you are not yet entirely well, 
but have hopes that by next spring you will be in good shape again. 

We are all glad to know that a kind-hearted friend brought 
your family e chicken for Thunksgiring. 

1 am rery busy now trying to get my work in euch shEoe that I 
can go back to C«lifoniia in the early spring, and I hope to see you 
ell some time in April. We expected to see you and our other Lnng 
Valley friends at the hop-picking near Ukieh. but were not able to 
get there. 1 hurt my knee and had to go to e hospital in 3*»ii 
Francisco for a short time, but am all right now. 

We had our first snow yesterday - about an inch - and it is 
▼ery cold today. 

I am enclosing a check on the Crocker Bank of S*»n Francisco 
for $10. which I hope will be a little Christmas help for yu «d 
your family. Any store^in California will cash it for you. 

Mr«. Merriam and my daighter join me in kind regards and best 
wishes to you and your family, and all our other friends at your 

Very truly yours. 




December 11, 1922 

?L*f!f: ^.-^daniB, Accountant 
Smithsonian Institution 
Wash! i^ ton, D. C. 

Ify dear Mr. idaas: 

In returning my Noreirber 
•xp«na. «»oount, receired with check this n:omin6. I 
- enclosing al.0 the 4 additional Bub-vouchen, not 
hand a t the tiaia I transmitted ny account. 

▼•xy truly yours. 


December 15, 1922 

Mr. J. Tan Deloo 
State Miueum 
Albany, N.Y. 

My dear Sir: 

I shell be greatly obliged if you 
will kindly send e copy of the portfolio of 
Flowers of New York to 

Hiss Alice Eastwood 
Academy of Sciences 
Golden Gate Park 
San Francisco, Calif. 

Not knowing the cost of transmissioh, 

I am enclosing a check for $3. 

Tery truly yours. 





1S1& Sixteenth Strtet 

G A C. MerrisM Co. 

Publishers Webster Dictionary 
Springfield, Mass. ' 

Dear Sirs: 

lour letter of the 8th inst. inquiring about the spelling 
of certain geogrephic saMS. is at hand. Since the next aeetii^ 
of the Goremisnt GMgraphie Board will not be held until soas 
ti«i in JaBBary I will replj so far as I can personally to yonr 

The Board prefers phonetic spellii^ where this can W 
done without Tiolence to the na.e. Hence Uakassar instead of 
Macassar. It veens desirable that a name should be so spelled 
as to indicate its pronunciation, which is hardly practicable 
when two such different sounds as the hard and soft sounds of 
'a' are used. 

The Board prefers i»rican to foreign usage in such 
words as 'Center'. 'Basel*, instead of 'Centre'. 'Basle'. In 
the ease of na«es little used in America, as those in 

the Board as a rule, but not alsays. adopts the spelling 

G.LC. Msrriam Co. -2 

odsd by tbe Boysl Geographic Society of bglaai. or m 
wed on idmiralty charts. 

In ths OM* of CanadisB naass m gensnlly adept tbosi 
giTen in th* reports of the Geographic Board of Csnede, aid : 
the case of namee along ttie Interne ti onel Boundary the Canad 
ni tbited States boarda osoally agree before publishing. 

Texy tmlj joan. 




DecMb^r 12 » 19^ 

1919 Sixteenth Street 
December 12» 192: 

Ir. Janee 1. McGuire 
Coast &, Geodetic Surrey 
Washington » D«C* 

■7 dear Mr. McGuire: 

Beplying further to your inquiry about the name Point Beyeei 
Hill and Mount Yiaion, on luremeaa Bidge» Point Beyea Penineula, 
California, 10 uM aay that I hare juat heard from Mr. ft&.S.Colby, 
in reply to my iii(]uiry. He tells ae that both nanes aay be re- 
tained, as there are two aainenees half a aile or more apart on the 
aundt of Inremess Bidge* Of these the hi^er one aay retain the 
naae Point Beyes Hill, while the other, irtiieh looks down directly 
oa the aettleaent of InTemess.nay continue to be known as Mount 

Mr« Colby encloses a letter from Colonel Payne J. Shafter, 
one of the oldest inhabitants, statii^ that the name Mount Vision 
was giren by his father. 

Very truly yours, 


t % 


Mr. John 3. Menning 
5214 Beum Building 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Dear Sir: 

Your letter of Dece«ber 4 is at han*. As usual, you ask 
a multitude of questiona which at the present time no man on earth 
can enawer. In regard tc the Sears, I am aending you a copy of my 
Reriew of the Grizzly and Big Brown Bears, published in 1918. This 
does not corer the South American Bears of liiich one or two forms 
additional tc Hrans omatus haTe been described. Mo museum in 
America contains enough specimens tOA^attempt to ascertain the status 
of these forms. Mo 3eara are known from Panama or Central America. 

In regard to the Buffalo, it would be hazardous to renture 
an opinion as to the iranediate ancestors of our species. Of the 
liring forms, it is customary tc recognlM the Wood Buffalo as dis- 
tinct from our Plains Buffalo. 

The «aribou are atill in need of reTiaion. for wMch 
reason I will not attempt to anamer yomr qnestiora. 

My Preliminary Synopsis of Aaeriean Bears ia long since 
out of print, ao that I oaanot comply with your request for a copy; 
but I m s«ndii« you my paper on Coyotes and one or two others. 

Tory truly yours. 



December 12, 1922 

Mr. H.E. Anthony 

American Musexm Natun.! Hiatcrv 
New York City 

Dear Mr. Anthony: 

Your letter of December 7, addressed to Dr. H. H.T.Jackson, 
has been referred to me for reply. 

For some years past we hare had numerous references to 
dwarf bears in Bastem Oregon and on the Snake River lava beds in 
Idaho. Prom Idaho m have recently received a so-called Bwarf 
Grizzly, which is proving to be of much interest; but from Oregon 
88 yet we have not received an adult of any kind, although I have 
a cub black bear, too young to admit of description, from this 
region. It is claimed locally that both Dwarf Grizzlies and Dwarf 
Black Bears occur on the lave beds of the desert region east of 
the Cascades. 

Veiy truly yours. 

December 12, 1922 

Ma^or B.A. Goldman 
i7.o. Biological. Survey 
Washington, D.C. 

Dear Goldmen: 

Replying to yours of the Sth inst. 
would say that I have just written H.E. Anthony, 
in reply to his inquiry about the so-called 
Dwarf Grizzly of Idaho. 

Wish best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 




J - — 

December 15, 1922 

ib*. Stephen KniAt 
Okiah, Califonifa 

Dear Mr. Kni^t: 

ThankB for your letter of NoT««ber 23. which came cbout 
two weeks ago. 

Since then I hare seen Mrs. Bonnin aid hare had her acootint 
of the conference. I hare also raceired a copy of the San ?ranciaco 
Bulletin of Decmber 2. containing a re«rkably clear and frank 
history of the case by Helen Dare. 

In Tiew of the facta - and there mms to be no room for 
question as to the t^U - the Boa rf of Cooperation see« to hare 
left itself in a rery unhappy plight, and the present outlook, so 
far as help to Indiars is concerned. ••«» to m »ost unfortunate. 
As I understand the case, the Board acts merely as a conrenient 
shelter for the operations of one iian. without adding anything to 
his efficiency or responsibility; so that in r«.lity the California 
Indians hare been workiqg under a one-»n Mchine. This man has 
discredited hi-self and therefore is not likely to hare any influence 
with anyone. To sy mind he is dead, so far as help tc Indiam is 

This is e sad state of affairs and I have been thinking 
it OTer erer since I learnt the facta. 

*•-'• Ik^A*^ « V *■ |;# 










On the Other hand, the otigaTiization of the iiuxiliaries 
has been a big step ahead and the recent conference has stirred up 
the Indians in northeni California end brought then together in a 
wsy never before attempted. The good results that may possibly 
follow this beginning wast not be lost. 

My understandiqg of the esse is that the action taken by 
the Indians at the conference was not final, but wss to be submitted 
to the Tarious Auxiliaries for their apprcTal. In case they dis- 
apprcTe.what would you think of the following plan: 

1) To continue as an enUrely new organization, to be 
called THE ASSOCIATION 0? CALIK)BNIA INDIAN3. or sme sich naae. 

2) To elect a President of the Association and a Secretary- 

3) To appoint delegates as before. 

4) To collect dues as heretofore (but I would suggest 
annual dues of $2, intead of |6 or $4). 

5) To auttorize the President and Secretary-Treasurer to 
deposit the funds coUected in some r«,pon8ible Bank or Trust Company, 
where they nay be safe until the Association decides when and how 
moneys shall bo expended. 

This would result in the accumulation of a fund that will 
be needed either this year or next, and by keeping the dues down to a 
wmall figure the tax on any one person will not be great. 

I would suggest further that the next meetii^ be held at 
Okiah or soi» other fairly central place where lirii^ expenses are 
not 90 hi^ 88 in San Arancisco. 


Mr. Stephen Knight - 3 

Daring the next few nonthe ire should aU keep our eyes 
and ears order to find out rAtat persons and organizations 
are acting in the interests of California Indians, in the hope of 
finding the proper person or organization to carry on the woxfc - 
the prerious organization having prored itself incoapetent. 

How does this suggestion strike you? 

Tory truly yours. 




Deoenher 16, 1&22 


1 curious thing has just happened. Since writing the accompany- 
ing letter, a telegraa has coae fpo» San Francisco, reading as follows: 
"Bxpect to be ready and ahle to sake contract with Mr. Wise next 
■onth. in anxious for information and suggestions from you concern- 
ing suitable ladiazB and territory. (Signed) P.O. CoUett." 

I hare not replied tc this telegra. but may in the course of a 
few days. The important question in connection therewith seems to me 
to relate to where_fee money is to coas fit>m. If it is being raised 
from white people, well and good; but if from Indians I should be very 
sorry. lou wiU be in a position to know about this. I think. 

I hare great faith in the possibility of winning a suit for Cali- 
fornia Indians along the lines spggested by Mr. Wise; but I should hate 
to see the dues paid into the Auxiliaries expended on the chance of a 
farorable result. They have already lost such a large sum without 
accomplishing anything tangible except the publicity attained and the 
actual formation of the luxiliaries, both of which are for the good. 

The Board of Cooperation finds itself in such an unhappy position 
that one would naturally suppose they would be anxious to do one of two 
things: either giro up altogether, or make a great effort to raise 
funds, in the hope of accomplishing actual good for the Indians. This 
would explain the motire behind the telegram. It might be well to 
wit a little Ails, in order to find out where the funds are coming 
from and liiat they are able to do. 

^». "^^ "^Vw^ Jf 


-^ t 




DeceiriBr 16. 192£ 

Mr. Gerrit S. Miller, jr. 
Curator of Maonals 
U.S. National Musaiui 
Washington, D.C. 

Dear Miller: 

Since receiTing your 'phone inquiry concerning a bear 
akull froB the I&Bna region at the base of ilaska Peninsula, 
would say that during the past year or two I hare purohased akull« 
of Big Bears killed in this region fro« Q.D. Kinney. Pred 
Phillips, Pred P. Hoehl and a mux by the name of Daryea. I 
infer that the specimen in question was collected by J.D.Kinney. 

Trusting this will enable you to straighten the 
matter out, 

Very truly yours. 



December 18,1922 

Mr. Donald Dickey 
Pasadena, California 

Dear Mr. Dickey: 

We are glad to know that Mrs, Dickey will be 
with you eTen though you will not be free to make your 
headquarters with us. NeTertheless, we shall hope 
to see something of both of you. 

As you do not seem to have access to my article 
on 'Type Speci^ens^ in NaturalJlistojg[\ I am enclosing 
a copy herewith. 

You are certainly correct in saying that many 
nice distinctions can be made in natural history work; 
the question is whether it is worth while to lumber up 
the literature and confuse the student by the use of 
such fine distinctions. 

With best wishes to you both. 

Very truly yours. 



I, J 

December 18, 1922 

Mr.^N.E. Sinclair 
Btisiness ilanager 
Outdoor Life 
Denver, Colorado 

Uj dear Mr. Sinclair; 

Your letter of December 4 came promptly, 
but the extra copies of the December issue of 
Outdoor Life, containing my Grizzly Bear article, 
hare never arrived. Realizing the congestion of 
package nail at this season. I have put off writing 
in the hope that the copies would arrive; but it 
is now 80 late that I fear they have been lost. 

Very truly yours. 

. 3 



Decenber 18, 1922 

Mr. Herman Bender* on 
1400 Oakland Avenue 
Piedmont, California 

Deer Herman: 

Very many thanks for your interesting letter of the 4th 

inst. This clears the atmosphere as to the furnace and the oil burner. 

I had supposed that the burner was a part of the new furnaces of the 

American Badiator Company, and did not r«iber having heard of the 

Kolmar burner. Ho.ever. this is all for the good and it looks as if 

within a year or two everyone i,ould be able to inst.1 some kind of an 

oil burning furnace - if wealthy enough to pay for the fuel. 

We like our KoKol i-aensely. ftm considered apart fro. 
the cost of fuel. This is decidedly greater than we had expected, 
although we ere burning a kind of distillate, at the cost of 12 cents 
the gallon. Kerosene here costs considerably more. 

fe are obliged also for the Uterature you have so kindly 
sent concerning the Rieber X-ray apparatus. I have already given 
one set to Dr.Hazen, a local physician who uses X-ray in his daily 

office practice- 

lith kindest regards to your good wife and to all the 

related Hendersons, 

Very truly yours. 




Mr. Gilbert Grosvenor, Presider* 
Netionel Geographic Society 
Waehington, D.C. 

December 18, 1922 






Deer Mr. GrosTmior: 

When we met et Macilillen's lecture before the National 
Geographic Society Friday afternoon you aeked me what I thought of 
Grigg's book on Katmai and the eo-called'Smokee! At that time I had 
only glanced at the pictures but had not read the text* Since then 
I hare read BK)st cf tte book and am much pleased with it. 

I kno»? nothing of vulconology but am impressed with the 
feeling that a little too much technical detail hae been gone into, 
possibly without conference with leading students of the subject, 
end 1 am wondering if tfie matter was discussed with J.S. Diller or 
Arthur T. Day. 

The natural history part is woefully deficient, in view 
of the length of time spent in the region, and one is led to ask why 
the names are not given of the few species of mammals actually 
collected and identified. In view of the prominence given to the 
scientific nanes of plants, the lack of similar courtesy In the case 
of mammals and birds is painfully obvious. 

In the case of B^goslof volcano the aitthor, as in the 
case of the author of an article on the subject published in the 
Nttional Geographic Magazine -some years ago, appears to have over- 


Mr. Gilbert Groi Tenor - 2 

looked my rather full historical dtecript ion of3ogo«lof, illustrated 
by maps and photographa.publiahed in the Uarriman Alaska Tolunes 
and in one of the ^nithsonian reports. 

Apart from these shortcomings # the book strikes me as 
admirable. It is so interesting that irtien one begins to read it 
he is likely to keep on to the end. 

I feel that both Professor Griggs and the National 
Geographic Society are to be congratulated on haying thus recorded 
in permanent form all that is known concerning this reaaiicable 
volcano and its immediate neighborhood. 

Very truly yours. 






1* 11 




December 20, 1922 

Mrs. Helen Dare 
51 Florence Street 
San J<rancisco, Calif. 

Mv dear Mrs. Dnre: 

I hf^re a bone to pick with you. A short time ago you pub- 
lished in the San Prancisoo Bulletin a remarkably clear and force- 
ful statement in regard to the recent Indian conference - but you 
did not send me a copy, and it was only by the merest accident 
that a friend in Mill Valley saw it and «ent it to me. I prize 
the article highly, as it is a valuable historical resume' of the 
whole case from the beginning to the present time. 

It would seen that the Indian Board of Cooperation is left 
in a yery deplorable position and that their representative who 
has had charge of eveiyliiing relating to the Indians has dis- 
credited himself and thereby lost his influence.' He now appear 
to be making a great effort to redeem himself in an attempt to ' 
raise funds for carrying on a suit against the Govemm«t. If 
he raises the necessary money from contributions by the whites, 
well and good. But if he figures on using Indian funds for thia 
purpose, I should be very sony. 

Now I want to ask you if you know where some of the 
Indians came from whose names and photographs were published in 


Irs. Helen Dare - 2 

some of the papers. I 8bi particularly anxious to Icnow about 
Zm Lopes, recorded as a Howwinquit, I em not acquainted 
with any tribe of this name and therefore am anxious to know 

where he cane from. 

There were also mentioned three Piutes, George 1. 

Collins, John Sommerville and Pogineve. Do you know where 

they came from? 

With kindest regards from us all and greetings of 

the season , 

Very truly yours 



December 20, 1922 
Prof. Edwin C. Starke 
Stanford University, Calif. 

Dear Dr. Starks: 

Many thanks 'for your papers just received on California 
Shore Whaling and on Becords of the Capture of ?ur Seals on land 
in California, both of which are of permanent value, as well as 
of present interest. 

In your whaUqg paper you barely mention the Trinidad 
station where,, when I was there a couple of years ago. two whales 
were b^o^ght in daily ^ one in the morning, the other in the 
evening, keeping day and night crews agoing all the time. 

Ion did a fine thing when you collected the records of 
Pur Seals in California, and certainly made out a stwng case 
for the Guadeloupe species as far north as the Parallones. In 
view of the enoraous numbers killed there it would seem at least 
possible that skulls might be found, even at the present day. 
Surely the importance of the matter would justify a painstaking 

With kindest regards to Mrs. Starks and yourself, 

Very truly yours, 

* r 




December 20. 1922 

Mr. Luther J. Goldman 
Boise, Idsiio 

Dear Goldman: 

In your letter of July 13, telling me al)OTit the 
Grizzly killed by one of your huixters in the lava beds 
of the Snake River Desert, you stated that the animal 

was a male. 

The skull has every appearance of a normal old 
female Grizzly, lacking entirely the upual characters 
of the Mile. This leads me to inquire as to whether 
you yourself examined the specimen and made sure that 
it was a male, or whether you took the word of someone 


It is true that in a few species of Grizzlies 

the malsf and females ars not strikingly different, 
but this is very unwual. 

With greetings of the season and best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 






December 21, 1922 

Mr. 1S.C. Henderson 
Acting Chief 
U.S. Biologicel Surrey 
liashington, D.C. 

Dear Ur« Henderson; 

Thanks for the two copies of Life History of the 

Kangaroo Rat just received. 

I notice that you take the trouble to write 8 
letter in transmitting the publications I have recently 
asked for. This is very polite, but we are all too 
busy to waste time in such fomalities. The deed is 
better than the 'word. 

Viith best wishes. 

Very truly yours, 
^ jjt^ ^^ V— »-^- 




I)ecflD\>«r 21. 1922 

Dr. Henrj S. Pratt 
Hererford College 
HaTerford, Pa. 

My dear Sir : 

Replying to your letter of the l&th inst. requesting 

consent to the copying of sereral figures in «y Monograph 

of the Pocket Gophers (North inerican Feuna Ho.8) and fro« nj 

roTision of the Shreiw (ftiuna Mo. 10). iwuld say that you are 

welooM to reproduce these figures in your forthcoming kmual 

of Vertebrates. 

Some years ago iten I was Chief of the Biologicel 
Surrey it WJS customary to furnish authors with duplicate 
ftUctros of such illustrations at very low cost. Whether ot 
not this practise still continues I do not know, hut you 
could find out hy addressing Dr. K.U. Nelson, present Chief 


of the Survey. 

Very truly yours. 

►^1 m^J^m^t^^^ltt^m^ 

. I 

' i 



t , Ji 

\ f :: 

i i 


December 30, 1922 

Mr. A. M. RobertBon 
San Francisco, Calif. 

Bear Mr. Robertson: 

The copy of Er^lebardt'e Lower 

California Uol. I of lassions and Missionaries of 
California) purchased from you some years ago ie imper- 
fecl^with pps. 162-192 missing and a second set of pp. 
481-509 bourxl in their place. Have only just noticed 
this. What shall I do about it? 

Very truly youra, 


>-»♦ vv i 


^^ ~ 

C •%. 


>^r> .«^-.Ji, 

¥t-^ v^ 


■ % 



Decwber 30. 1922 

Mr. i. M. Bobertion 
San Francisco, Calir. 

Dear Mr. Robertson: 

lh« copy of InglriMurdt't Low«r 

California (Tol. I of Missions and Missionaries of 
California) purchased f n» you some years ago is iiapeiw 
fec^with pps. 162-192 missing and a second set of pp. 
481-509 bound in their place. Hare only just noUced 
this, that shall I do about it? 

Very truly yours. 

TpV — Ci 


. i'^^Tt «e<(»>»«f''* 

Retake of Preceding Frame | 

otto hanei9 
Via Serragli 
Florence, Italy 

Dear Sir: 


, January 4, 1923 

Hianks for Lienhard't^Califomien* 

and Ueyer^s *Nach dem Sacramento^ just raceifed. I am 
•ncloeing in payinent of your bill for theee a draft for 
12 francs on a Swiss bank, accordir^ to instructions 
In your catalog. •> 

Ver/ truly 3''0iur8 




Jaiiiary 5, 1923 

Mr. W. I. Adams, Accountant 
Smithsonian Institution 
Washington, D. C. 

My dear IJbc. Adams: 

Enclosed is my expense aooount for 
December amounting to $48.45. tose the r with voucher, as 
indicated below, which I shall be obliged if you will 
kindly pay ae usual from the Harrima^n Fund. 

Very truly yours, 

B. Cunradi. Stenographer 
Zenaida Merriam, Assistant 
H. Pittman Bat photos 

W r"n.lJ* ^^' ^^ skulls 
iV t ^TO?a, Bear skulls 

J*°W%?i}PPi* • g?^ skulls 

J. W. Scollick, Cleaning Bear skulls 





Dec. 8 



G, Hart Vfrriara 

1919 16th Street, Washington, D.C. 


firpenac account for December, 1922 

Report, Nbvada Hiatorioal Soc. 
Allen's Press Clippings: Bears ,Mt. lions. Indians 
o.l.i'owner. Chi cage: Books (reciept not retximed) 
Bird>Lore for 1923 «• ' » n 

Bulletin New York Zool.Soc. " • ■ 
^derwood Typewriter adiustments 3 

Christmas presents, postage & registrations for Calif 

Indians with whom I expect to work this spring: 

Joseph lillits.Cahto Valley; Mrs Hugh Grant. Somes Bar; 

iangford children, Somes Bar; laura Green's children. 

Burnt Ranch; Mrs Kate Lackie, Hay ?ork; Marie Clark. 

Zenia (Setten-biden~new tribeJ 
Journal Washn. Acad. Sci. for 1923 
Welsbach Light for Miss Clemence desk 
|leotric current Not. aO-Dec.20, ^13.50 (l/S ) 
Stamps and stampt enrelopes 
Charwoman, cleaning office rooms month of Dec. 4 

- - - Forty eight 

- — forty fiYi 



. 1 

17 U 

5 00 

3 75 

4 50 

2 ee 

5 00 

48 45 



f 1 1 









Jan. 5, 1922 

My dear Professor Setchell: 

Acting on the suggestion in your letter of Dec. 27, 
I have written a birthday letter to Mr Pariah, and take 
pleasure in enclosing it herewith to be placed with the 
others which you have so kindly undertaken to collect. 

With best wishes, 

Very truly youra. 

Professor W. 1. Setchell 
Berkeley, California. 

^ * 




January 13, 19E3 

Ky dear Mr Parish: 

You have now arriTad at the nature age of eighty five 
years and are reported as still sound of body and mind^thereby 
meriting the congratulations of your many friends. 

But this is by no means all, for you have devottd the 
greater part of e long life to the attainment of knowledge— 
both for your own satisfaction and for the benefit of fellow 
workers in your chosen field. And moreover, by unfailing 
kindness and generosity you have won the gratitude and affect- 
ion of those who have benefitted by your helping hand or have 
enjoyed the privilege of your friendship. 

Tou are to be congratulated therefore, not only on the 
magnitude of the collections and stores of information that 
you have placed at the service of fellow botanists, but also 
on the reward of satisfaction and contentment you have earned 
by 80 long a life of patient industry and never failing help- 
fulness to others. 

flfith best wishes for your continued health, happiness. 

and usefulness , 

Very truly yours. 

Mr Samuel Bonsall Parish 

The Herbarium, Berkeley, Calif 


, ♦*^-' **#--*i.V-,i. ,. ,-,,,« '...^Ai. ■ V. * . .»-'^*-* ' 

00 r 


Jan. 6, 1923 
Dear Miss Sinclair: 

Vry^nj thank, for ,..4i„g . a«.„ „opi„ of outdoor Uf. 
for D.c™b.r. containi^ ., .^Icl. .„ th. Di.trilution of Ori..l, 
Bear.. Th. pactag. h.d hrokon op.„. b„, .,3 r,aou,d b, .0.. M„d 
po.t«„ .ho ropod it .0 th.t it fi^ai, arri„d. for *ich . .. 
▼ery grateful. 

" y^;^ ^" P-'^-n « Paraonal re^rk. I would like to express 

my interest m your front name 'Mina* It «,« fv , 

• * ^^ ^^ *h® name of my favor- 
»t. aunt. Sh. «. bom i„ Tir^ini. ard diad in Oalif.rni. .0., 

J"2 '«»• '-- .i8".tur. i. th. firat repitition of .h, „..,. «.t 
1 nare erer seen. 

With best wishes and ccpliments of the season. 

Very truly yours. 






Miss Nina B. Sinclair 

te:?!'oo^o"?fd*j '^"<'" "^' 

Jan! 8. 1923 
Dr Walter K. Jfisher Biological Laboratory 

Pacific GroTe^ Calif • 

Tour father Emergency Hospital. Hit hear felling lirib 

Conacions interrala. Out look hopeful. 

Second Telegram, later, same day 

Father much better, /ully conscious this afternoon 
Everything faTorable. 







1919 - 16th Street 
Januarj^ 11,1923. 

Honorable L. C* Dyer, 

House of Bepresentat ires, 
Washington, D. G. 

My dear Sir: 

Referring to yoir mfimorandum of 
January 4, transmitting a letter from Albert W* 
Johnson of St. Louis, regarding Govemireait maps 
showing the auto routes to California, would 
state that there are no sucli maps. Maps of the 
several auto routes are distributed by the American 
iutomobile Association and I have so informed your 
correspondent, Albert W. Johnson. 

Very truly yours, 

Cha irman . 




191S - 16th Street. 
January 11,1923. 

Mr. Albert Wo Johnson^ 

International Life x^uilding, 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Dear Sir: 

Your letter addressed to the Hon. L. C. Dyer 
has been referred to me for reply. I note that your 
friend, W. D. Hellman, contemplates an auto tour to 
California during the present month. I essuns that 
he will go by one of the southern routes as the Lincoln 
Highway is impossible in winter. 

The Government does not publish maps of auto 
routes but such maps are furnished by the American 
Automobile Association, and can of course be obtained 
from the St. Louis branch of the A. A. A. 

Very truly yours. 














1919 - 16th Street. 
^vmry 11.1923. 

Mr. W. B. Putnea, 

519 California Street, 
San Prancisoo, Calif. 

Mjr dear Sir: 

Thanks for your letter of Deceaber 29th 
addressed to the United States Gaograifcic Board, in 
which you propose that the name "The Thinb" be 
applied to a peak showi on the Bishop Qwdrangle. 

The Mttar will be brou^t to the 
attention of the Board in the near Ibture and you 
will be info need of the result. 

With best wishes, 

lours Tery truly, 



w .Vit:. 






1919 - 16tii Street 
Jan»ry 11.1923. 

Mr. Chester Verstee A. 

8^ Morth Heliotrope Drive, 
U>9 Angelea, Calif. 

Oear Sir: 

lour letter of the 4th inst. reached 

_ this «>rning. and I • glad to know that you 
ars oonstruotlTely interested in the of 
topographical features in the High Sierra. 

The «tter will be brought before the 
United States Geographic Board in the near fixture 
and you will be notified as to the action tak«. flow. ad^ce of the -eting. I nirix to e^reas 
„ peraonal appreciation of the trouble you hare 
taken in supplyi»« -cessary details of d*.cription 
oonoerning the features to be na.ed. 

Very truly yours, 














1919 . 16th Street. 
J«aary 11,1923. 

"'•uK,^^!" »• Colby 
Mill. Ruildi— ^* 

Mill. BuildiiK, 


Dear Mr. Colby: 


'?l«ttii?*<J^^;>^'-«Phio Board hes juBt r« 
Rh 31*;" "^Se^S?^?? {«"«s proposed for^Satn?Li 

iTed two lettt«r^!®'*".^«g^fiph 

be tti»d "The ThuBb'!^*'' ^"^^^^^ Palisade e^d Split SSmtal 

^Angeles; hr^l^uelts'thif l^"^ ^h««ter Versteee of 
Bolton Brown Twin pff^ 'S®.* ^h« names kVtkvlll^ u . 

Cataract pS ?]SZTY^C ^^'«^ P««s. Catarlcf l^i.^"* 
attaeh«fl f« #1 'rczen Lake Pass pnH T^- o .^ -MiM, 

3l*?^o fLi° faaturea on or ntl^ %hi i°? Spearhead, bo 
oierra and oorered bv th- bT u^ *°® "^ain divide o^ fiT. 



Jabwry 11.1923. 

Mr. I. 1. Prt1>l9. 
Biological Stonroy, 
JDopartMot of Igriexatoro. 
Ihahingtoo, S.C. 

Dear Probla: 

Thanks for your latter aocoapenying 
the one you forwarded from Bobert fihlein. I hare 
tared Uihlein'a letter and hare referred him to 

■y artiola on the measorannite of sktille of rery 
big baara. pabliahed in 'Outdoor Life', Decenber . 1921 . 
of liiich, unfortunately, I nerer had any eztraa. 

Very truly youra. 

80 r 


Janwry 11,1923. 

JaDoary 11,1923 

Mr. Robert i. Uihlein, 

Milwfiukee, Wigocnsin. 

Dear Sir: 

Your letter of Deceaber 19 went to the Biological 
^Jl^ ^"1^? °°^y recently been tamed over to me for 
r?^-^^** ,pe.9o'em»ent hee not poblished anything on the 

size of th« hlD ystta-rm f«n y. fV,.« %»._ * i.1 •'•^6_^ wu^ wu o 

Pninr,.! u« r^--^"* y««r I prepared, at the request of 
fw-S'^ v° ^^'•5. a° article on the relative sizes of 
Ta^® tS-'>?«" ^^ America. This was published in 'Out 
Door Life' of December, 1921 . UnforKnately? I hay? no 
copies or I would send you one. 

The big broyn bear from Alaska Peninsula, 
«♦ ,^,A i^. which died in our national zoo in the fall 
ot iyi4, weighed, m Decanber 1910, a little over 1200 lbs. 
n^iJ" 1 Jf^f"'"'"' .'° good.oondition. If he had enjoyed the 
§«'^^?§*4.°u ^ ns.^F?^ ^^^ 0^ 8al»« and grass J hare no 
doubt tEat he would hare weighed at least 1600 ibsr We 

big zoo bear 
Ternon Baile- 
greatest gir 

nrsua middle (inrff^ from 

it least 17 

When the 

Very truly yours. 









Mr. C. B. Zeiglar, 

Bumt Raich, Calif. 
My dear Sir: 

Replying to your letter of December 22, 
which has recently arrived, I woiid state that Mr. 
John P. Harrington returned to Washington last sum^r. 
His present address is Smithsonian Institution. 
Washington, D.C. 

On receipt of a letter from Mrs. Dai ley 
the latter part of the summer, telling me that Mrs. 
Zeiglar was willing to give inform t ion concerning her 
language. I at onoe wrote to Mr. Harrington, but he 
had already returned to Washington. 

I expect to return to California durii^ 
the coming season and if able to ride horseback shall 
be glad to visit you at your home, and to have the 
opportunity of talking with Mrs. Zeiglar. 

Your every truly. 




Januery 11,1923. 

Jsnoary 11.1923. 


Chesapeake & Fotoaao Telephone Oo^^ 
Wesbington, D.C. 

Seer SIib: 

Herewith 1 em encloeing mj check for 
$6.06 In payment of telephone service at my house, 
1919-16 th Street, for the months of Ncyember, 

Dec€Bber and Janiery. 

The bill for January, which readied me 
this morning, calls for $9.56, wMch is an error 
for 16.06. 

lour reply to mj letter of May 26th states 
that the discount allowed is 50^ ^'for the period of 
suspension**, which, in this case, wan a few days 

OTer fire months^S^^^:^ 

*'^^^%'^-jiJL K^-^-O^ At 

^-t..^ Ir, 




Mr. Roy Williams, 
Piniele, Montana. 

Dear Sir: 

Tour letter in regard to grizzly skulls was 
missent and has only just reached me. 

I am very anxious to secure as many skulls as 
possible of grizzly bears from Montana and should be 
glad to pay ^.00 each for reasonably perfect skulls 
of females, and $10.00 each for good skulls of males, 
acoompaniea by information as to #iere the bears were 
killeS. * 

When you send skulls please peck securely 
ship by express, charges collect, addressed United 
States Biological Survey, Department of Agriculture, 
Washipgton, 5.C. 

Please attach tag to each skull, stating where 
the bear was killed or found, signed with your own naae 
and also please write Wxzr ins and address on the label 
on the outside of the dox so that there will be no 
difficulty in knowing ^o the box is from. We are re- 
ceirin^ many skulls of bears and in some cases have 
great difficulty in fihding out who sent them. 

Thanking you for your kindness in writing. 

Very truly yours , 



■' ) 




January 11,1923. 

^r. William ?. Brenner, 
Grent, Montcna. 

My dear Sir: 

The grizzly skull which you were kind enoagh 
to present to our netional collection arrived a few days 
ago and I have examined it with unusual interest. It 
appears to be an old «le of a secies of wMch 
I described a few years ago under the name of Jinua. 
^^Shimai^, a very rare species of which our National 
Museum has only two or three male skulls. 1 am. therefore 
particularly obliged for your kindness in the matter. ' 

With best wishes, 

Very truly yours. 





January 11.1S23 

Dr. Sterling Bunnell, 
Phyeicians Building, 
San Francis GO, ualif. 

Dear Dr. Bunnelli 

We were very glad to receive your letter 
and to know tiiet Griggs' book on the 'Katmai Sbokes' 
arrived safely. It is an interesting story, though it 
might have been written and printed in better forai. 

JSver since my return I have been intmding 
to write you, but pressure of accumuleted work and diffi- 
culties with stenographers have prevented. I am hoping 
for better luck in the future, and, what is still better, 
I am hoping to see you early in April. 

With kindest regards to Miss Bain and 


Very truly yours. 







JanoEr/ il,15£^. 

Mr. Chsrles 3. Sloene. 

Secretary Uni ted States Geogreohic Board. 
Washington, D. C. 

Dear Mr. Sloan e: 

In acoor dance with your letter of 
the 9th inst. I haye written Mr. 1. B. Putnam 
acknowledging receipt of his letter suggesting the 
name ""The Thumb" for a peak in the High Sierra, 
corered by the BiAop Quadrangle, and m enclosing 
herewith a carbon of ^y letter in accordance with 
your request. An also widosing the original of 
this letter so that your file may be complete to date. 

Very truly yours. 





' *<^ * tm% ^ %J„ 



.** ■ 





J«uary 12.1923 

Mr. Brent Altsheler, 
Louis yi lie. Ky. 

My dear Sir: 

Pardon my delay in replying to your 

letter of December 14, 

Your plan to make a reconnaissance hunt in 

the fall seems to ne admirable. This will gire you the 
lay of the land and enable you to learn #iatever the 
natiTes and sheepmen know of the haunts and habits of the 

lava beds bear. 

Beplying to your inquiry, there bt^ not likely 

to be any other game animals in the region except deer. 

The Rodcy Mountain mule deer is the common species in that 

region but thd Oregon Whitetail formerly occurred there 

and it is quite possible that some still remf^in. 

All of our bears den up in winter eten in the 

far South. With best wishes. 

Yery truly yours, 




71 S 

:-h- '^t, \ 


Janwry 11,1923. 

Mr. Gl»rl*« 3. Sloane, 
Secr«t«g^tolt6d SUtes (Jecgimphic Board. 

Dear Mr. Sloan e: 

In aooor dance with your letter of 
the 9th inat. I haTe written Mr. 1. B. Pntnaa 
acknowledging receipt of hia letter auggeating the 
na» "The Thtnab" for a peak in the Hi^ Sierra, 
oorered by the BiAop Qwdrangle, and m encloaing 
her&with a carbon of uj latter in aoeordanee with 
your requiBt. Ah alao anoloaing the original of 
thia letter ao that your file may be ooaplete to date. 

Very truly youra. 

C,^ ^ 




" ^^ . ..,.A%"' 

■ i'^IS*^"*'*' 



^ Retak 



Jwoary 12.1923 

Mr. Brent Altahelar, 
Louiatille, Ky. 

)tj dear Sir: 

i I i 

„ ^ _ ing 

Pardon ay delay in relying to your 

letter of Dao««ber 14. 

lour plan to wake a raconnaisMnea hunt in 
the fall aaaM to m admirable. Thia wiU gira you the 
lay of the land and enable you to learn ahaterar the 
nativea and aheepawn know of the haunta and haWta of the 

lara beda bear. 

Beplying to your inqidry, there are not likely 

to be any other game animala in the region except deer. 
ThB Rooky Mountain mule deer la the ooanon apaeiaa in that 
region but tha Oregon Ihitetail formerly occurred there 
and it ia quite poaaible that aome atill remain. 

All of our beara den up in winter aren in the 
far South. lit h beat wiahea. 

Very truly yours. 

Ci.Yv^ V^V 







JanuBrjr 12,1923, 

D«ar Arch and Angie: 

is 8 lag tine since I her* •,•«. 

you or heenl fro. yon T .• . . "" "^^ "" 

Ar«i jou. I dictated a lett»>. f« 

iter, o„ the Woremb.r lodiw Ooifera,-. i„ ^ . 
TOs of great i.„„-, . >»"erenoe in San Pranoisoo 

great Mportsnoe to im as it ear. .„ . ,, 

»»«». of the ca„ Helen D. '•"' M.toriea 

°^- ^©AM Dare seema to hfitr-. «t 

in not sending me a conv v ^^^^ " °°6 

ng ne a copy; .ajbe she did and it wa« in-f • 
the nails. ''^^ -l^oat in 

I wish also to congratulate Angie on her 
8ccc»plish«ent at the wheel- a rfrl ^ 

car fro« T- m ^ ^^ °*" narigate a bi^ 

car from Tip Top to San Rafael is son« 

slight 1 '''"''*' "° ''"^^^ '^^°* ^^ ^°lid«7« «d a 

slight laporer with our Elizabeth. She has nn v 

Viwinifl tn .« "^^ Sone back to 

jn« to ca^, „ ^, ,„^ ^, ^^^^ ^^^^ 

W .cation at .o...,,,,„„,,^^^^^^ 



i f 








early in June, and there is a rumour afloat that she md Eobart 
hare decided to pool their issues in the fall. They are a fine 

couple and we wish then long life anri nrr,«,,»-j ♦ ^ x 

j.«ug XII e and prosperity, not to mention 


ii^ie will be interested to know that our house and 
»y linited activities prored too small for Miss C. . and we 
j)arted the end of December. 

How is the bond business flourishing nowadays? 

• "•^^•havinganopen winter with very little snow and 

not too much rain. We are still planning to go to lagunitas 
about the first of April. 

Our new American Six is s joy to drive and I wish she 
could carry us to California. but she is too big for the mo»tain 
work and our garage is too small for two cers. 

The greens Ai^ie sent us about Christmes time were 
wonderfully fragrant arri served to decorate the ho^e for a long 
time; m fact some of them are still beautiful. 

There were several other matters I wished to talk to 
you about . one or two of importance - but I have «tirely for- 
gotten what they were. 

With love to ycu both, 

irch M. Gilbert and wife, 
Mill Valley, California. 



Janmry 12,1923 

Mr. A. B. Baker, 
Mat'ooel zoological Park, 
■ashingtcr, D.C. 

OMf Mr. Bakar; 

Several years ago you published, 
(li th« 3.1. Misc. Colls., I believe) an article 
ooTeriqg the weights end possibly other features 
concerning the big Alaska Peninsula Dranfl gygg 
who died in t^e 200 the latter pert of 1914. 

If you chance to hare a spare copy 
of this article I should appreciate it. 

With kindest regards to all, 


Very truly yours. 






' X 

Dr* iatm?:r 3 tone. 

Dear ) 

li (it ; 

The l^st iuiif, iii *;r:^-t ral^n^^ th^ ec-* f^nt« 


- XJ--L ^xT . ., - , .-, . ,,,^ Andres?.. 

one i. ..ry ..-; i<; ... , ,e- -^^ .r)d ih^nlr ^. :r r.IIn,.iRe'not I3 
t'ro-n OM locality ^^n at turn.^ cut tc bf u v^ry ^ ^f^..-*.^- 
Iv'o^lity 07 a uixferont ..yfacr. This iifrieuU.y *«• Iner^.^sea 
by the narrow spacing i-t*.cn «rticUn, Ye,, .vi.i g.., .+ pt ; .^^^ 

I wrote yo- ....out this Uc or tJ.r«e ysare ago. but 
you «ich.-.r fcrgr^t. about it rr .^iin't egr^* «itn tt^. 

1 ^^^- ^flp» - » 



^'"r:-' truly ynu)^. 




Jenuary 15.19i:,3, 

])r. N. W. tUpscm. 

Ju-ePT 6ir: 

The last number oi the AUK, in enumerating 
contents cf the OljOt-iST, statf^s that you had a 
supple T:ert in the June member reUting tc Birdie 


^ rr - 


to procure « ccpy oi* this peper and shall be gi^atly 
obliged if you will kindly have^ one fient to me, with 
bill for SOTe. 

Very truly your a , 


January 15,1923 

iiiffieum of the Amoricsan Indinn, 
He ye Found at ion, 
Sew YcrlE City. 

Will jcu kindly send r.9 . *ith bill 
for same, sn erticle by J«€3e L. Hussbaum, entitled 'A 
Basket iiaker Cave in UuhM922. said to h^^re been 
recently published by yoar bj^'^uir.. 

Very truly ynirs. 







^ W"^ fe** 

January 15,1923 

Li bra ri an , 

Ainerican Museum of 

Natural History, 
New York City* 

My deer Sir: 

I shall be greatly obliged if you 
mil kindly send me.^a copy of a paper by A. L. 
Kroeber, entitled 'Basket Designs of Mission 
Indians', said to hare been published in the 
inthropolqgical Papers of the /merican Museu?^, 
Vol. 20, Part II, 1922. 

Very truly yours. 



i ^ 

J«uary 15.1^23. 

Kr. A. B* Baker, 

Nfitionsl Zcolofljical Park, 
Washing ten, u.Q. 

Dear Mr. Bsker: 

Very mny thsnkf? for your 
letter of the 13th insient, end for your 
kindness in sending r?« the desired pibli- 
cation with additional notas on the big 
Alaska Peninsula bear. Drgns l^jhs. #iO died 
Sept Briber 29,1914. 

¥<ith best wishes to cli. 

Very truly yours , 

"^ luo^w.^^^-^ 





■ i 

January 15,1923 

Dr. Paul Bartsch. ^ 

U. S. National Museum, 
Washington, D. G, 

Bear Doctor Bartsch: 

Acting on your notification 
1 an enclosing herewith my dieck for $5.00 
as my share toward the purchase of wreaths 
and other necessary expenses conncctod with 
the Baird Meciorial. 

With best wishes, 

Very truly yours , 




January 15,1922. 

Januery 15,1923 

Mr. P. i. Albadleigh, 
PasEdnger Traffic kaiwsar, 
D. & B.G.Hailrced. ^ . 

Denver, Colorado. 

Hy dear Sir: 

Thanks for your letter of Bftcac- 
ber 14, in which you state that you wer« sending 


■e scae photographs of the Grand Canyon. These 
have neTer arrived. I supposed that they were 
delayed on account of the heary Ohristjuas mails 
and hare been hoping they would oome. KeTertheless 
I wish to express aiy appreciation of your courtesy 
in the matter. 

Very truly yours. 





. 3tne Milla. 

Calif ornie. 

Dear Sir: 

Will you kindly tell m ilivthtr tht 
wagon road below Porks of Salmon has been gou- 
tinudd to Soaeabar? If not. doaa it reach aa 

far mm latler Plat, Mid ia it likely to be com- 
pleted during the coming aeaaon? 

Vary truly ycura, 



January 15,1923, 



kr. 4. J^ van Rose em. 
Pee a ten 8, 


ky deer Sir: 

Your remarks cs the nomencleture 
for 8n1)-»8peci88 in a recent article interested 
me oonaiderably. It appears to me that jour 
ideas on the subject tally very well mth my 
own although differently expressed. 

By this mail I am sending you an 
article I published a few years ago on the same 

Very truly yours. 





Janus ry 16,1923. 

Bear Colonel Stewart: 

f"" tt. lUdj^Ljk^stU Of D.o,b,r 1 oontaUin. an 
"ticl. by ». I. i^,„ ,„ j^..^ ^^.^ ^^.^^_ ^^^^,^ 

.0 ^n, .„„„ „, ,.„ ,„ ^^ ^.^^.^^ ^^ ^^ ^^_^_^^ 

that I h„, ^„„ t^ ,„^__^^^ _^^^ .__ ^^^^^^ 

it ., , Z"' """"* """" " """ '« '«"" '» «-4 

'' ^'"«t tc the Uu^„xJk«U. or to eo.e better paper 

Ubert, put it i„ ,o„r hand, and aball be glad if ^„ 
"iJ send It irtiererer you think best. 

I .a, dieappointed not to ,„ you last year 
and a. hoping for better luck during the co.i„g ..„„„ 
.ant «ry „„ch to .ho, you ,y „„ ,, ^. ......^^^^ 

IJ " " '"" "" ^"'■'*' «^ '^'"•^ Bay „,«.. 

"'^. These ^p. „, ,,. „„„^„^^^ j.^^^.^ ^^^^^^ 



' I 




are so nearly complete for the northern half of the 
state that 1 hope to finish thaB during the coming 
season and to again take up work farther south* When 
I do this I shall, of course, call on you for asFistance. 

With kindest regards to Mrs. Stewart and 

Very truly yours. 

C 'ijr^.C^r^ l^ 

1^1 ^ J i»i Q inO*^^^ ^^ 



9y 0. Hart Merri 


The Lioflffay QamUn of December 1,1922, has an 
article by W. T. Jhrnckm i^iich goti tains e number of rery 
serious errors. ^ 

Mr. Duncan states that the Indians about the Missions 
•>^ oalled *Diggers\ and goes on to say that "the \ 

Digger tribe mostly inhabit the foothill valleys ^ 

from Kern County on the south to Amdor County on * 

tiM north**. is 8 Better of fact there is no tribe of that 
nflroe. The neme 'Digger' hes been applied apecifically or 
fromiacuouslj to various tribes in rfyoning , Idaho, NeTada, 
and California, and in the iattwr state has been used to 
designate nearly eTery tribe from HuiAoldt Bay to San Diego. 
It should be dropped for the double reason that it not only 
is i accurate but also inplies a feeling of oontempt that is 
unjust to the Indians. 

But the moat aaazing error is the statenent that 
the Tocabula-y of these Indians is "limited to but few words, 
and noetly spoken in gatteral sounds, not much abore the 
lai^gOBge of mGnkeya". Hothing could be further from the fact, 
the Jrath being that there are a number of widely different 
tribes of so-called Mission Indians - and the sane may be said ! 
of numerous tribes in other parts of California - each of which 
speaks a different language, and that each language comprises 
sereral thousand words - wordw adequate not only for statenents 





of fact but also for the expression of inntmerable ideas and 
emoticHas. Many of theA» moreorer, far froa being "gutteral" 
and ••not Much above the language of Monkeys", are euphonious 
and agreeable to the ear and are easily spoken and written 
in our Snglish alphabet. 

Another error is that the Indians in question 
••lire in wigvsMS covered with the skins of wild animals". 
This, so far as I sm aware, is not true of any California 
tribe though several of the Plains tribes foraerly covered 
their tepees with hides of buffalo and elk. In California the 
dwellings of the BK)untain tribes were usually covered with bark, 
those of MOst of the valley tribes with mats of tule or thatch, 
while sone of the Sacranento Valley tribes erected domed 
structures roofed with brush and earth, and the lower Klamaths 
built rectangular houses of hewn planks. 

It would be interesting to know where Mr. Duncan 
got the notion that the word •MfiUQ.' Means ••bitter water^*, 
and that the word • Pi^Uts * means '•valley Man'*. These, however, 

are trivial matters, but the statement that the langu^ige of 
any Indian tribe is ••limited to but few words^^, and the 
remarks that follow, implying a low degree of intelligence, 
are so contrary to the actual facts that simple justice 

deaands their correction. 







Januerj 16,1923 


L I J 

Dr. Henrv 3. Pratt, 
Haveriord College, 

Dear Dr. Pratt: 

Replying to your letter of the 13th instant 
1 regret to say that no editions of my Hap of Life Zones 
of the United States hare been published since December, 1897 
Three years later, hoipever, I piAlished a Life Zone Map 
of Nortii America as a irtiole. Copies of both of these I 
am sending you by this mail. 

About three years ago Vernon Bailey and I 
together spent some time in preparir^ a large scale manu- 
script map of the United States, showing the Life Zones 
with corrections to date. This was to be published in an 
atlas under preparation in the Department of Agriculture 
but it has not j^Bt appeared. 

While the maps sent you today contain minor 
errors they, nevertheless, are in the main reasonably cornet. 
The principal correction is in the Tropical, irtiich in my map 
of Decanber, 1897, was carried too far north, corering 
territory now believed to be better classed as the loi&ost 
division of the Arid Lower Sonoran. 

I feel complimented thet you are going to publish 
a Life Zone Map as a frontispiece to your coming Manual 
of Vertebrates and regret very mvch thet I am unable to 
send you a copy corrected to date. 

Very truly yours , 



- \ 





Janmry 16,1923 


Port Irtitur, 

^tarfo, Canada. 

Dear Sir: 

for tennral Mate p.«t ft, mmpap^n 
hart contained notices to the eff.ct that a wbita 
trapper and two Indiana hU been killed and eaten 
hy iMlree. 

If you are in a petl ti on to know iriietfaer 

this ie a tBOt or . .yth I ehall -pprodato jrmr 

ooarUmj if you will kindly infom ■«. 

▼arj truly yonra. 

• K 




Jfinupry 17,1923. 

Dear Grinnell: 

A. K. left the hospital yesterday 
afternoon and Cfane hoae to his own apartment. 
He is looking well this morning aid sii/s that 
he ia going to your island, lesTing here Saturday 
efening at 6:30 and following your directions. 

Both Doctor Tanghn end I feel that it 
is taking an unnecessary risk but he seems 
determined to go, and we hope the trip will do 
hio no bam. 

It was good to see you again for a 
little ¥*iile but as usual I forgot several things 
I wanted to talk with you about. 

is ever, 



January 18,1923. 


Mr. Stephen Knight, 
Ukiah. California. 

Dear Mr. Knight: 

Tery mmsf Hkmla for ymr interesting letter of 
Decwber 31. Since hearing from you I hrve had another letter 
and telegnim from Mr. Collett, asking for tribal boundaries of 
the Karok of the Middle Klf^rath. end yesterday Mr. Wise called 
in relation to the matter, he also having heard from Gollett. 
Prom these several oonmunications I infer that Mr. Gollett 
has already raised, or feels confident of raising, from California 
Indians, enough money to under tiike the suit in question. 

It »•« without saying that I will do all I can to 
help, although 1 greatly regret that the necessary funds should 
come from the Indians. 

Jtst now there is a delsgation of Pueblo Indians in 
lashington, representing a nunfcer of the old Pueblos of Arizona 
and New Mexico. They are baring a Hearini^ before Congress in 
the hope of defeating a very pernicious bill, ioiown as the 
Bursum Bill, irfiich has already passed the Senate but which I 
trust will not pass the House 

You certainly are sound in your judgment that it would 
not be wise to attempts new organization at present; we must bide 
our time. 

There are one or two people here from California who are 
interested in the welfare of California Indians and I hope to 
here a conference with them during the next few days. Will write 
you if 1 learn anything of interest. 

At your November Conference in San Francisco there were 
several Piute Indians, and also an Indian by the name of Sam Lopez 
attributed to the t |o i f-w|n ~qiiit tribe; I found the name under a 
photograph published in the Sm. J'rsnciaoo Chr£nlslg.> Can you tell 
me where he cane from, and also i^ere the Piutes cane from? 

With best wishes, in which Mrs. Merriam and my daighter jiin, 

Very truly yours. 



Jenuery 19,1923, 



Doctor George Bird Grinnell 
Narrows Island Clib 

Poplar Branch, via Snowden 
North Carolina 





Janiiary 18,1923 

My dear Mr. Harrington: 

Thanks for the handsomely printed 
/.rni#iH of vour unnaned little poem, ao 
^ftlly dilated to me . in ^^^.f^J 
Mtbody the feelir^s that have ^^^J-^\ ^^ 
«n md M to subordinete other work to tne 

our rapidly disappesring aborigines. 

You certainly P0»»«" J° Jn^asine 

nth thanks for the ocBpli»ent, 

Very truly yours. 


Mr. John Peabody Harrington A 
Bureau of Ethnology 
a«ith8onian Inetitution 




January 19,1923. 

The Burnhom Antique Book Store 
54-56 Cornhill. 
Boston, Mass. 

Dear Sirs: 

Thanks for list of books just received. 
In it I notice #213 Colton's Folding Colored kop 
of California, 1859 - - $2.50. I shall be obliged 
if you will send me this; would enclose check but 
ftar it may be already sold. 

Very truly yours , 

January 20,1923. 

Mr. Bruce Stephens 
ilameda, California 

Dear Bruce t 

Thanks for vour Dolite little letter just 


I am glad that you and your friend are planning 
a canoe trip down Eel River for next season. If you start 
at Dos Bios, as planned, you will have plenty of exercise 
in portaging over the many bars, shoots, and rocky places. 
Of course, you do not think of going during the spring 
hi^ water, as that would be far too dangerous. 

If v\i were able to make a daylight trip by rail 
from Willi tts north to North Fork, you would see in 
advance practically the i*iole of your canoe route, and 
could size up your job accordingly. 

We are still expecting to leave for California 
about the first of April. 

With love to you all. 

As ever yours , 


Janus ry 20,1523. 


. J. J. Campbell, lifttiflgor 
* Visshirit'tcn, D.O. 

Dear 3ir: 

Be plying to your letter of the 17 th 

inetf.nt, I en enclosing s postal frcra ycur 

office dated 'iay 27,1922, in shich it is 

distinctly stated thet telephone servioe Jiculd 

be suspended on 50^ discount basis "for period 

of suspension". If your office repudietes its 

own written statemoit. i suppo*?^ I shell hsve 

to pay what you claim as belarcr due you. If 

sc, please add the same tc my next bill. 

Terv truly ycia^ , 




Jantiary 20,1923. 

January 20,1923. 

Mr. ueorgc G. Heyo, Director 
Museum of the iiTnericen Indian 
New York Gitj 

Hy dear Sir: 

Very many thanks for your courtesy 
in sending me a copy of your publication entitled 
i Baatotmnksr QaTe in Kane Gr.rrii;^ , ^ 1;^ ^ , in which 
I shall doubtless find much of interest. Ab it 
was sent to the Smithsonian Inatitation instead of 
to my o\m address it may be several deyg in reaching 

Sometime, ^en you are in Washington, 
and have an hour to spare, you might be interested to 
see my collection of Indian baskets. 

Very truly yours , 

Mr. W. de C. Bayenel, 

Admin i st re tiT 6 Assistant^ 
^ithsonian Institution* 
Vaah ii^ ton , 9. C. 

Dear Mr. Ravenel: 

Thanks for vour letter of the 18th 
instant in relation to the skulls of bear^ re- 
ceived from J. D. Kinnsy of Iliamna, Alaska. 
This clears the inatter up so that i can correct 

my records. 

Thanking you for your trouble in 

the matter » 

Very truly yours. 

T r -> ■^ r>i> >_ ^^ 







January 20,1923. 

Mr. 0. C. Lempfert 
Stony Brook, N.Y. 

i)ear Sir: 

Replying to your letter of the 14th 
inetent I regret to say that I do not know of 
any position *ere you could do field work 
<iuriqg the coning spring. 

In this oonnection I would suggest 
thBt you write Dr. E. W. Kelson. Ohief D.S.Biological 
Surrey, who may possibly hare some racancy. 

Very truly yours, 






January 22.1923. 

The Science Ptms 
Grand Central Terminal 
New Yoifc City. 

Your bill for subscription to the Scientific 
MMthly for the year 1923 has just readied ns, forwarded 
from Legunitas. California. 

I should be glad to have you continue to send 
the kon thly to Legunitas as heretofore. 

I shell be obliged if you will enter my sub- 
scription for SgJ^QCQ for the year 1923, and send me a 
complete set of back numbers for the year 1922, along 
with bill for theseJ^wT^he $5.00 due for the Scientific 
Monthly, so that all msy be paid by one check* 

Please send Science and the bill to me at 
1919.16th Street, Washir^tcn, D.C. 

Very truly yours , 

January 22,1923. 

Beverend P. G. Collet t 
Izecuti^e Representa tire 
Indian Board of Cooperation 
San Prmcisco, Calif. 

Dwr Sir: 

• Replying to your several communications, would say that I 
have seen Mr. Wise and have discussed with him the matter of the 
Karok territory^^iich covered the whole of Klamath Canyon from or 
above Thompson" Greek f which joins the Kleineth at Noltcn") southerly 
and southwesterly to Bluff Creek, which is about 8 iniles above 
Wetch|ek. The Northern Karok and the Klamath River Shaste tribes 
both lell me that their in ter tribal boundary was immediately west 
of Seid Creek, but Roland Dixon places it farther west, for which 
reason it mi^t be better to start with Thompson Creek as above 

As to >fintoon: It is difficult to define their territory 
without knowing just what bands are to be included, there being 
conflicting statements from the Indians their.eelves. For instance, 
the Trinity River and Hay Fork Yalley tribes consider themselves 
distinct mm the Win toon of the Upper Sacremento and Mc Cloud, 
thoi^h all agree that they were affiliated in times of war for 
mutual deftBM. 

There is also doubt as to just how far south the term 
Win toon should extend, although as well known related tribesioj. 
covered the western part of Sacremento Valley all the way to 
San Francisco Bay. 

You spoke of compensating me for services and expenses 
in this matter; please ranember that I should not think of 
accepting compensation of any kind for any services I may be 
able to render for California Indians. 

Very truly yours. 







Januaiy 22,1923. 

Robert A. Dihlein 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

Bear Mr. Uihlein: 

Your letter of the 19th instant arrived 
this morning, and 1 take pleasure in sending you by 
this mail a cooy of my BeTiew of tl^e firizgly an^ Big 
Brown Bears . It is a purely technical publication, 
for which reason 1 fear you will be disappointed in it 
iiy large work on the bears is not likelv^to go to 
press for a year or two yet, the quantity of material 
accumulated being too great for rapid digestion. 

I am much interested^ in 
that in 42 days in the Cassiar Distri 
you and Doctor Sifton saw 33 bears, of which you 
bagged 10; and that in 1916 in 47 days you saw 14. 

your statement 
rict in 1912 

The Cassiar-Stikiane region, from the stand- 
point of big bears, is perhaps the most interesting 
and complicated in ell America; the only other region 
that approaches it in these respects is Xellowstone 
National Park. Both of these areas appear to be the 
meeting grounds of different soecies oi grizzlies 
coming in from different directions. But we have not 
yet been able to secure enoupjh skulls of the Yellowstcne 
species to admit of working out their ranges satisfactorily. 

With best wishes , 

Very truly yours, 










January 22,1923. 


Mr, Robert A. Uihlein 
iiilweukee, wis. 

Dear Mr. Uihlein: 

Your letter of the 19th instant arrived 

or which reason i fear you ^ill be disapoointed in 
ky lar^e work on the bears is not likely^to go to 
press Tor a year or two yet, the quantity of material 
accumulated being too great for rapid digestion. 

I am much interested in your statement 
that in 42 days in the Cassirr District in Ir^Vc 
you and Doctor Jifton saw 33 bears, of viiich vou 
bagged 10; end that in 1^16 in 47 d&ys you sa\7 1-.. 

point of big be 
and complicated 
that approaches 
National Park, 
meeting grounds 
coming in from 
yet been able t 
species to admi 


Cassiar-Stikiane region, from the stand- 
ars is perhaps the most interesting 
in a 11" America; the only other region 
it in these respects is Xellowstone 
Both of these areas appeer to be the 
of different soecies of grizzlies 
different direcUons* iiut we have not 
secure enouph skulls of the Yellowstone 
t of working out their ranges ?«t isfactorily. 


With best wishes , 

Y^rv truly vours, 

January 22,2923. 

Mr. Chester Versteeg 

827i North Heliotrope Drira 
Lo8 Angeles, Calif. 

My dear Sir: 

Your letter of the 17th instant has iust arrived, 
and is an admirable illustration of the ease with which questions 
are asked, in contrast to the labor of answering them. 

The work to which you refer as having seen i suspect 
is a quarto volume entitled, TlJl^eg of Qaliforpifl. by Stephen 
Powers. DUblished in the series of volumes on titled, goptributi 
tft N? rtV ^ f W^jf^'^fi gthnolog y. of which it is Vol. ^3, 1877. You o 

to Korth^AnftT-inftn 3thnolog y. of which it is Vol. 3, 1877. You can 
douDtless find a copy oi it in the Los Anr^eles Library. It con- 
tains much Hfitter of interest and importance, but is not free 
from serious errors. 

As to your question ccccerning. the JUogth of time. 
prior to the coming of the white man^, the high 3^i errs was used 
by Indians, would say that I do not sea any possible hope of 
obtaining any information of this kind. As to your second question, 
'Territory covered of High Sierra"; it is of ccurse well known that 
no Indians live permanently in this region, although it was 
visited for purposes of hunting and fishing. by the adjacent tribes 
of both slopes, and certain passes were utilized in going from one 
side to the other. In response to a recent inquiry from the 
Bureau of Stiinology (which 1 suspect csme from you; i described 
one of these, the one known as Fmtg Pass* 

As you are already in correspondence with Professor 
Krocber, you have doubtless secured all available published in- 
formation on the subject. 

Very truly youis , 

^ . 

■ I 



January 22,1923, 

Mr. 7al A. j?ynn 

4954 Lindell Boulerard 
St. Louis. Mo. 

My deer Sir: 

Thanks for your letter of the 18th instant 
just receired. I an. glad to know about the big 
bear skull from Admiralty Island, but »«t confess 
that the price asked. ^.00. is preposterous, 
beipg at least double ( probably more than double) 
its value. 



Thanking you for your trouble in the 

Very truly yours. 



I -t 

January 22,19B3, 

Mr. W* !• AdsBS. iccountant 
Smithaonian Institution 
Washington, D.C. 

Deer Mr. Adans: 

Very many thanks for your statement 
of expenditures under the Harriman Fund for the 
year 1922. juat receired. I am glad to know 
that my footing agrees with yours. 

Very truly yours. 




Januaiy 24,1923. 

% P. A, V7edleigh 

flenrer, Colorado 
% dear Sir: 

of the 19th instant 1n»t ^.„ ■ . 

t»o nho, ^ '• ^■""■^""1"^, and forth, 

t»o photograjA. Of the Gr„a Oa„,.n .Mch o«. 

b7*e,„e™U. Both Of theee are l..o«3ei„ 
*"' ' '"""^^ "^' '"^ -cl' to keep th.. Xf 
70" will kindly hare e«„one eend ., . 
of th.i, ■ , "° ''"O « 8 memorandum 

th.„tter. "■"""* -"^"^—teay in 

Very truly yours , 




' %< 


January 24,1923. 

Mr. Hope Br^er 

Dear •^^« 

Your letter of the 13th ins tant ,addre8?ed 
to the Biological burvey. has been referred to me. 
Xn reply would say that I am still ourchasing 
skulls of grizzly bears, although ran not able to 
pay so much aa formerly for them. 

For reasonably perfect fully adult grizzly 
fi^Il5? from your region, labGled"7or locality irtiere 
:illed and approximate date of killing, I will pay 
>5.0U each for females and $10.00 each for males. 

. , . l^^ case you send seme please pack securely 
and ship by express, charges collect, addressed: 

U.S. Biological Survey 
Department of Agriculture 
>i(ashington, D.C. 

Please attach a tag to each skull, giving the localit 
end approximate date of killing, and your own name. I 
IS irnbortsmt also to write your nane and address on the 
ouuside 01 the box, for the reason that several shimients 
ot bear skulls sometimes arrive the same day and in 
certain cases there iias been mich difficulty in as- 
certaining ^^10 sent them. 



Kindlv drop me a line at tir^e of each shi™ent 
that 1 may be on the lookout. 

Very truly yours , 



January E4,1923 

Doctor Paul Bartsch 
Secretary Baird Memorial Committee 
^•u.^'. *a<^ionaL Museum 
nafhington, D.C. 

Dear Doctor Bartsch: 

Thanks for your memorandum of the 22nd 
instant telling me that there will be a meeting of 
the Baird iiemoriel Committee in Room 42 of the 
National iiuseum at three P.M.. Saturday, February 3. 

I would be obliged if you will kirdly 
tell me v#io are to be the speakers of the evening 
besides Dr. Dall. Dr. Jordan and myself; I haT« not 
heard who the others are. I 8ssun» that the limi- 
tation of time decided on by the ConiBittee at the 
last meeting, namely fifteen minutes, for each speaker 
still holds. 

Very truly yours , 


t I 





January 30, 19^?. 

**''*Ij^^^hur.H Howell 

£• Biological Survey 

waphington, D. C. 

Deer Howell; 

Replying to your inquiry of the other day would 

3ay that 1 have just IcHd ur- th. -natter of .. / 
. ,. ^ . . ^ '-^- '"*^ matter of the locality 

• ' ''':y^'^ -^^-ted -oy Bailey and .^v.elf on Tan Ln 
W .p., er 3.13.9. The local Uy w. 13 .Ue. east c 
3-dgevaie and therefore about 13 or 14 .lies by the 

nrer - probably ten in an air line - f^. .k 
J „ ® ^^^ the eastern 

edge of the Redwoods. 

The place where th e ' ch i pmunJc. were ca.^ht i, a 

densely forrested canyon belon^inp tr f>, • . 

V 4 "Biongin^ to the intermediate stHn 

iTir: '"" ^"' "^"" '" '^' -'- -'-- - . 

the coast trees and shrubs growing th^r-. .. 

uua growing there were the tanbark oaV 

: :::■ *"r '"'"^- ^a— -^^).., ,„»,:"■ 

hm Of the air and clouda =a., „„r fro, tha ,.,... 

i also find a note to the effpf-f fhof *.u 

ch^a«H ^ .u ^ '^^ chipnunks had 

cftanged from the form of <-ba ^,.„ u 

™ 01 iis dry chaparral valleys of the 





interior to the form of the humid coest country, and 
supposed at the time that our specimens were Eutamias 


If I ever succeed in getting a little 'time to 
spare I should be mi^ty glad to look over some of these 
chipmunks with you. 

Very truly yours. 


im ''• 

8a r 

ij'ebruary 5,1923. 

Professor William A.Setchell 
University of California 
Berkeley, Califoniia 

Dear Professor Setchell • 

In complirnce vvith your suggestion 
of January 15. which, by the i«y . was late in 
arriving, I am enclosing herewith a little 
birthday note for our friend Brendegee. and 
shall appreciate your kindness in placing it 
with the others to be given him on his tiOth 
birthday on the 16th instant. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours , 

M I 



February 5,1923. 

Mr. T.S.Brandegee 

Herbarium, University of Celifcrnie 

Berkeley, California 

Dear Mr. Brand egee: 

According to the latest news bulletin from Cali- 
fornia you are about to uniergo the ordeal of an 80th Birthday. 
This surely is a matter for congratulation, but from my point 
of view the object of congratulation is not so much yourself 
as the Botanists of America, who have had the benefit of 
your lifelong painstaking researches, especially in the 
field of Lower California and continaital Mexico. 

I well remenber the day spent with you at your 
Herbarium in San Diego, September 28,1901, when you ex- 
tended the hospitality of a friendly bite in your own 
quarters, and showed me so many objects of interest — among 
them some Mockers and Thrashers that were singing most 
endiantin^ly in your unique garden of Lower California plants. 
There were a couple of Thrashers you had rei«od from the 
nest, which, though then full grown, would come at your 
call and eat from your hand. 

Hoping that you may still enjoy many years of use- 
ful work, and with best wishes for your happiness and prosperity, 

Very truly youre , 


C ; 

Wl.«pp^ "^p»i«p. 

09 V 



February 5,19£3. 

4954 lindelfBlTd. 
at. Lous, Miasouri. 

My dear Sir: 

Thanks for your letter of January 24. 

You a,e«tirely right in your ^tion about bear 
Skulls, the skulls being by far the.«,at important 
part of the fro. the Natural His to r/standpo int. 
In fact the skina of many of the bio >, 
aliV« fV,of •. ^ '^^ ^^« so much 

alxke that xt ^uld be impossible to determine the f.. than. Ti. skulls of adult „.les. on the 

other hand, exhibit to the best advantage the real 

characters of the snecies Wo 

, . , . -Pecies. fte ere therefore always 

glad to obtain qlmn. «r j -ix 

'''"'^^^«°f«<i"lt males, prodded we have 
authentic information as to the locali tv w. .. 
»o« 1 --.i . locajity where the bear 

^^ killed. In the case of bip <^ulLi nf Ai , 
n .,,»*^^ " ^ sicuila of Alaska and 

we have every reason to believe false. 

^ery truly yours. 



February 5,1923. 

Mr. P. A. Wadleigh 

Passenger Traffic Manager 
D. i H.G. Western R.R. 
Denver, Colorado 

ky dear Sir: 

Very many thanks for your letter of 
January 29. in which you tell me that the 2 photo 
graphs received, of the Grand Canyon, were sent 
with your compliments. I appreciate the courtesy 
and in case of r«jproduction shall of course ffive 
proper credit and advise you accordingly, but I 
do not expect to publish in the near future but 
wish to preserve in my files these rerErkable 
pictures of the region in which I have done much 
field work. 

Vory truly yours, 





Jfebruery 5,1923 

February 5,1S23. 

Mr. SdPar A. Waite 

?^'? 3|itor The Press Democrat 

oanta Bosa, California 

My dear Sir: 

Thanks for your letter of January 19 
telling me that the Indian txDubles concerning 
which I nede an inquiry on November 13, related 
to a period of 50 years ago and were published 
in your anniversary edition. I had not heard 
of this edition and received the clipping from 
a Clipping Bureau, already cut out. ao you may 
understand my astonishment. 

▼•ry truly yours. 

- mx--^Jt V\a. 





lir. vi. 3. Rusaell 

Fostnaster . . 

Port Arthur .Ontario 

Dear Sir: 

Very many thanks for the reply of JanuaiT 26 

tc my letter of inquiry in regard to the reported 

kilUng of 3 men by wolves at the Sturgeon 

Hiver region of New Ontario; and please present my 

thanks to the man who was kind enough to write the 

letter btt -.vhcse name 1 am not quite sure of or I 

iDuld write hiic direct. 

The infornfition you have given me is about 
what I had exacted as I have never yrt succeeded in 
runnin, down an authentic case of the killing of a man 

by wolves in this country. 

AgDin thenking you for your ccurtesy in 

this matter , 

Very truly yours 



I ; 


^ehraary 5.1923 

Mr. W.I •Adams, Accountant 
«ithsonian Institution 
Washington, D.C. 

Dear Mr. Adans: 

Enclosed is my eiQ)ense account for 
January. 1S23, amounting to $32.45, together with 
unpaid voudiers as listed below, all of irtiic>* ^ 
shall be obliged if you will kindly pay from the 
Harriman /und. 

Very truly yours , 

A.M.Robwtson,Union 3q. ,San.Pran. - Books $11.30 

Science Press, N.Y.City, Scientific Monthly 

for 1923 $5.00 ) ,„ ^^ 

3cimce. 1922 i 1923 12.00 ) 17.00 

Stockett-Piske Co., 2O00 4x6 Cards 5.75 

Zenaida Merria*. Assistant 31.50 

Madeline B.Pierson, Stenographer. (Jao. 11-31, inc. ). 83.^3 








C. Hart Merriam 

1919-16th Street, Weshinpton , D.C. 

Expense Account for Januery 1923 

Jour, ffagh. Academy Sciences, for 1S23 
Anderson Gelleries Priced Catalog #1698 
Proc. Biological Soc. 1923 
Otto Lfinge. 

Nach dern 3a cranent 0,1855 
Lienhard, Califomien, 1398 

Bumhara Antique Book Store, Boston. 

Colton's Map Calif.- 1859 

Allen's Press Clipping?? Bureau, Sen Prancisco 

Clippings on kammals Sc Indians 

Nature Magazine for 1923 

Blectric current Dec.20-Jan.20,$13.80 (l/S) 

Stamped envelopes & postage, Jan. 

Florence Johnson, cleaning office rooms, Jan. 


5 00 


2 00 

3 00 


2 55 


forty-five — - 

2 50 


3 00 

2 00 

4 60 

2 80 


5 00 

32 45 


«±.\!W-3^ V^-.jv,-.J. 



1919-16th Street 
February 8,1923, 


g. 3. Geological Sunrey 
Wesnington, D.C. 

Dear Sir: 

I shall be greatly obliged if you will kindly send 
me for official use 2 copies each of the following Califor- ' 
ma map sheets published by the Survey: 

■ Carbons 
Chaney Ranch 

-harleeton School 

Do? PrIos 
■ Orient 
• ^regg 


Parks Bsr 
• Pozo Farm 
•Round Mountain 
•Tufts Ranch 

Also, if you can spare them. 4 cooies of the 
•lozo sheet in San Luis Obispo County (ZI^i, 50 feet). 

Also 2 copies each "of the Survey's State liaos 
(1 inch to 8 miles) of Colorado. Nevada. U^'^^^^^^ 
and Utah. 


Chairman U.S. Geographic Board. 


February 7,192.' 

' • 

Colonel George W. Stewart 
7 isal is, Calif orris 

Dear Colonel Stewart: 

Very many thanks for your letters of Jsnut-.ry 27 end 
Pebniary 1, end for the copy of the VjseUe Timg? of Jenuery 31 
containing a reprint of my article. 

The LiniafiJL-Geiattfi. has not yet arrived but i have 
written the editor asking for a few copies. 

I am obliged to you for your promptness end courtesy in 
the matter of puttir^ the thing through. 1 em glad that you will 
iffike a point of coming to Lagunitas next summer as 1 am sure yon 
will be interested to see the progress made in mappinR the dis- 
tribution of California tribes since you last saw my maps. 

And I am particularly glad to know that you have secured 
Rdditional information concerning the Yokut people and that you 
are willing to turn this over to me later on. This will be a 

great help. ' 'i 

What you say ebout Indian houses on Klamath River in 

the very eerly days, as told you by the late Dr. Cartmill of 
Tulare, interests me mightily. Do you know just where he was 
on the Klamath, or did he follow the canyon all the way dora? 
The pcmt of special interest is in regard to the location 
of the 3-room houses of #iiah he speaks. 

I hove made e number of trips ftlong Kl^nath i^jver. 

i ' 




Orleans. I„ addUaon to th, llc«iolcs, .ho claimed the „tr«,. 

'-iiues, eacn representing a linciioH^ * i 

tor^ of .;• K n ii«&»xstic stock, occupied the t.rri- 

t -. of .h:ch .la.ath is the ^ain arte.^. Of these- (1) th« 

^-ate extended from the .outh of Shovel LV T 

Creole- I2)th. v ^ . '^ westerly to Siad 

reeif. (^jthe LgxGk.from just belcv» =!in^ n , . r, 
»!, L. uej.c^ :Diad Creek to Bluff Creek « ™,-i 

above Vetch nek- ^9) fK» is i •, -, ^reeir, « milo.9 

^Pek. (3) the E^aUOa. fron, Bluff Creek to the ocean 
with en off^Horf n>- ^i -i ^ me ocean, 


' '' '-'^ '-™" ^°-- '" "Moh Dr. cartful refer,. 

1 have examined end rede dpfpii«^ * 

"cue aeiaiied notes on som« nf fv,„ -. j 
houses of the Kfirok Th v, ^ °^^ 

OMCe plank^^put out of fe logs by „ea„s of elk-horn 

ut those that I have seen had only one room. 
Heve you any other notes from Jr "«>.f -no , 

^e told you would he like.y to he of n ^sT ^'''"' ^" ^ 

'-0. the date ^d locality. ' ^^'^^^^^^^ '' ^^^ 

iour remarks on the-£a^-of the M^, and th« ,A. 
houses, parti cularlv f^ ^ -taiOita and the dedar bark 

. i^ rucularly the lone one which vou saw in 1?!^. 
«lso interest me ar d J pf. ii v Eldorado County, . 





th^ nf-e of the locality in each c.?3e. There ere so m^jn; tribes 
of YoAULa that it is desirable to pin the locality down 8s pre- 
cisely as possible. For inetence, I heve myself seen houses cf 
the Tah^che of Tulare Lake (a Ifjiiuts. tribe) covered mth tule rr.sts. 
while those of Lkkiii tribes in the foothills and lo-ver mcar.thins 

are very different. 

As to the best netnes fcr thesfi Indien dwellir.f?s: The nem-. 
tej;.t6.. as I understand it, reli.tes to tiie skin-covered conical tert^ 
of the ncmedic plains tribes, the r^me implyL-c a framework cf poles. 

o7er^A dh is thro^ a thir flexible covering -- in the old day?, of 
buffalo or elk hides 8ew«d together, today usually of canvns. TVe 
Urn. my mind, implies a ccnicel structure of bar'-, or 
other rigid material, supported by pole. e^. in the case of the tepee. 
The term lildUJ. 8^ I understand it. implies a more or less dome- 
shaped frem.e-*crk of slender sticks of willow or other brush, 
covered with mats or thatch cf tule or coarse grass or, as in the 
ca.e cf the summer homes of most of the ELlt^ tribes, mty consist 
wbollv of brush and may be widely open in front. You, of cour... observed tJ>8t these terns ere 'osed very loosely by some authors 
and ty some inter* angeably, but would it net be in the interest 
cf d«finiteness and ec.uracy to restrict their use some^at fcs 

above defined? 

With kind regards and best wishes to tlrs. Stewart and 

yourself , and also to Emily #ien you write. 

As ever yours. 



Pe'bmery 8,l9k3 

'dr. Z.i! Robertson 

irri S^^^'^.ton Street 
jcn tr£;ncisco, Gel if 

Dear Mr. Robert 


lour Mil of $11.30 for boots 

""'" '"""""■•""■•oagoto, beer, tron., 

the 3p«ialP„„,i for., scientific work 

'"""*"""-' 11 l>«»"t,ou direct in a' 

few dsys. 

Thanking you for 

in the matter, 

your attention 

^ery truly your?, 


V .1 

February 8,1S23. 

My dear Ellen: 

Your letter of January 12 gave me a very pleasant sur- 
prise. I had not realized that ycu had grown bip enough and 
smsrt enough to write a letter all by yourself, and so thought 
it was from your mother until i came to your signature. 

I did not know that you had a little sister, Arabella. 
That was the name of one of mv cars* You say that she is 9 
months old and had 9 teeth. You will have to look out^for if 
she keeps on at the rate of one tooth a month she will have a 
pretty big crop in the course of a few years. Do you remember 
#ien you losed to wash your little brother's head in the big 
tub after you had washed his feet every night? 

We haye h^ad a pretty ^od winter here in Washington, 
vvithout much snow, although at present the city and country 
ere covered with snow and the weather is cold. 

I hope to return to California early in the spring and 

am hoping also to be able to pay you all a visit. It is good 

to know that you and your family are well and happy, and I know 

that your father and mother are as busy as usual. I know also 

that you must be a great help to mamma these days for I am sure 
that any little girl who can write such a nice letter would be 
sure to do a good job in washing: dishes and might possibly be able 
tc cock breakiast — provided she could get up^'oarly enough. 

With kindest re:^ards tc the Cerpenter family and also tc 
i^rs. Green and her children .vhen you see them, 

lUc^i, Oaip^^nter; ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^ - \ ^ 

ia ly e r . G a 1 i f . %-H^ A ^x^^w^u---. 







PebruPry 9,192?. 

Hon. Charles Lathrop Peck 
Lekewood.New Jersey 

Deer Sir: 

The preliminary acnoancements of the NetnrB 
Im^BZim filled many of us with a certain mixtore of 
enthusiasm and hope, for the reason that it promised to 
■ occupy a field whach has long felt the need of a reliable 
publication devoted to the popular side of Natural History. 

But the appearance of the first number c few 
days ego gave me. and doubtless ncny others, e distinct 
and painful shock. An occasional error in a magazine of 
thi^ sort is inevitable hit the large number of erroneous 
statements in this number is. to say the least, disheartening 
And wlien in addition to errors of careles.'ness or lack of 
knowledge one finds deliberate misrepresentation it is 
hard to repress one's feelings. When, for instance, one 
firds an article stated to be by H. D. George, and learns 
that there is no such man but that the author is really 
George H. Dacy. and when on turning the page one finds a 
picture of a multitide of pelts of Bobcats and Ooyotes 
representing a year's catch in one of the Western States 
and finds it labelled in such a way as to imply that it is 



* I 

■ V 




the kill of a single hunter, the only word thet seems to 
fit the case is deliberate dishonesty, 

I for one had great hopes of this Magazine, believing 
it m)uld serve a most usefiil purpose, but if it is to 
abound in errors of fact and is to be edited dishonestly^ 
the sooner the facts are brought to public attention the 

Instead of writing a public review, i am calling 
these matters to your personal attention in the hope that 
it may not be too late to reforn^and that it may be still 
possible for your organization to publish « Magazin,^ that 
will occupy a useful field rnd at the same time be a credit 
to yourselves. 

Very truly yours , 




l^rof. B.W.Svermann 
Jir§i?5J5?danjf of .Sciences 

'ebruerj 8,1923. 

director Acadanv of 3 
oen /rsncisco, Calif. 

Oear Professor ZTeriiBnn; 

A few days ago the e,presrn>an bn, »« th . v 
^olumea entitled. RsniUaaof W«-t « "^^^^ "« the two huge 

It is a great publication and one of #,ich fK. . . 
naj well be oroud Tf a ° "* /"Cadeny 

paper spears to be of the poorer class of wnnH , 
^^•e c.ea,r ne.soapers are ..inted o^and a saTl/ \"* '' 
up u^^er th. nest careful ha«ili^ If t d V "' '"' 

good rag stock pane. th« , ^' ^* ^«d been printed on 

^ OK paper the Tolumes wuld be only abont h«i^ .. 

arid consequentlv mnr.), ^^^ ®^ t^i* 

equently much more oonrerient to use. 

But for the substance of the TOl«m«. t u 
but praise TK. .,, , TOlumes I hare nothing 

pmse. The UlustrEtions. with few exceptions ar« nf 
excellence, and the text is «, «>„. . ^ ^""^^ 

that if « ,, ^ '^ ^"^ ^^ ^ull of new .aterial 

that U carles an epoch in the knowledge of the Heptiles of Was 
America. Both Vpn n«,i, u , •^i'"-i®8 of Western 

19 -md a ,t.mlu8 to ,tad,„t, of Yorlrtrat, Zoology. 



I etrnestly trust that this work may he followed 
in the not distant future by^similar treatise on the Batrechians. 

In thanking you for copy of Van Denburgh^s HentiXo^g^ 
rtiich the Academy has been kind f^cugh to present tc me. I 
wish to say that th© work will be so useful tc me that I shell 
permanaatly need copies at both ends of the line, and therefore 
on my return to La^nitas in the early spring I shall avail 
myself of the privilege of purchasing a copy for ure et my 
California headquarters. 

Very truly yours. 




' ■• ?ebruery 9.1923. 

Dr. ^Jchn VanDenburgh 
3an Francisco, Calif. 

. Dear Doctor VanDem burgh ; 

One of the big surprises of my life happened 
a few dpys sgo when I opened a pftck^gc from California 
and found your 2 Itrge volumes on the S£iitilex_etJ5es 
NoiL£iL^kie^L(ia. I was actually thrilled and took the 
books up to my den where I poured over them until hours 
after my usual bedtime. 

. To say that I congratulate you on this great 
piece of most useful work does not express half ^hat I 
feel - both text and illustrations are so full of interest 
I don't see how one man ever succeeded in getting such 
excellent photqgraphs of such a very large number of 
species of Bep tiles. 

In looking over the book the nc.tural feeling ig 
that a lifetime is hardly sufficient for its preparation 
and if I did net know you I am sure I would put your age 
at about 100 years. 

The bock is so useful to ine and so necessary in 
connection with my field work that I feel that I must 
always have a copy near at hand. 




I regret thst prpsFure of work during the pest 
few yrsrs has prev^rted ":e frcm cs''isting you in the matter 
of inoterial, and wish tc add that the reason I failed to 
keep F.y promise to send you ?cieciners of our big Redwood 
Salaraand'^r is that during the past 2 seasons i did not find 
8 single one. 1 suspect that there is seme connection between 
the scarcity of these beasts pnd of the big slugs on which 
thev feed, both having been olenti ful in the Lapunites country 
until the last couple of years. 

Trusting that ycu .viil now turn ycur fn^rgies 
toward the production of a similrr and even more needed 
mork or: the B8trechi<Jiis, 

' "7ery truly yours, "" i 


T^^^ KT ^ 

-*. «»^ (au 




-t-H^ t-n 



' t 






' ?ebruary S,1923. 

Dr. ^John VanDenburph 
oan Francis GO, Selif. 

. Dear Jcx:tor VanDen burgh; 

One of the big surprises of my life happened 
a few days ago when I opened a package from California 
and found your 2 l^rge volumes on the 2£fttUexjBOestera 
NortiL^irieiilcia. 1 Wc^s actually thrilled and took the 
books up to my den where I poured over them until hours 
after my usual bedtime. 

. To say that I congratulate you on this great 
piece of most useful work does not express half what I 
feel - both text and illustrations are so full of interest 
I don't see how one man ever succeeded in getting such 
excellent photographs of such a very large number of 
species of Hep tiles. 

In looking over the book the njitural feeling is 
that a lifetime is hardly sufficient for its preparation 
and if 1 did net know you I am sure I would put your age 
at about 100 years. 

The book is so useful to me and so necessary in 
connection with my field work that I feel that I must 
always hove a copy near at hand. 



I regret that pressure of work during the pest 
few ycf:rs has preverted Tie from en^istinp you in the matter 
of rnoterial, and wish to add that the reason I failed to 
keep my promise to send you specimens of our big Redwood 
Salamander is that during the past 2 seasons i did not find 
8 sinp^le one. 1 suspect that there is some connection between 
the scercity of these beasts pnd of the big slugs on which 
they feed, both having been plentiful in the Lagunitas country 


until the last couple of years. 

Trust inp, that you -^vill now turn your energies 
toward the production of a similrr and even more needed 
Aiork on the Batrachians, 

Very truly yours , 

fdtr-t^^T ^'A 

■«»~- »», OL. 

-xO^ --{-^ i 






Retake of Preceding Frame 


i 1 




Pebruaiy 8,1983. 

Col. J. /. tlcGuire 
1824 Cin-tis 3treet 
Denver, Colorado 

Deer Oclcnel McGuire: 

In connection with the recent ^ide.pread publication 
of 8 newspaper story about the killing of 2 or 3 men by 
Wolree on the North Shore of L.U Superxor in the Port 
iuthur ocuntry. would say that in reply to my inquiry, the 
?o.t.ester at Port irthur. Ontario, writes r^ under date of 
^mubvy 26, 19a?: 

of the 16Jh\^iis?anf^??Juo9firJ'in)^.^ "f-^^"^ communication 
liability of e deooatch Sr^:in?J" • "^^^^^ «? to the re- 
reported-^killing of three mS^bvi'lvl'T?°*^°" with the 
Sturgeon Hiver legion of I.ewOnLHo' "' ^S""""' '" ^^^ 

exEggerst^'anrthe^different ^"i^A, ^ .^^^ "^ '^''^^^- 5«>«tly 
the Ptorv are^o V;»-^^^^?r%?^^°"'^*f"^®^ connected with 

nsuF or opinion hen 
on of truth in it.'' 

. « ^^fnis latest reoort oripiE 






During the pest 40 years a nuBber of cases of the 
alleged killing of men in the United States and Canada by 
Wolves and Ooigars hare appeared in the newspapers. In 
•ach instance I have wade an effort to run down the reoort. 
One or two of the Cougar cases have proved genuine » but 
without a tingle exception all of the Wolf cases htva turned 
out to be fakes, 

Veiy truly yours, —.. 


^^- . 


I ^ 






08 r 



PiT^fer^sor 3. D. Green 
Board of Education 
rrenton,Kew Jersey 

Dear Sir: 

^.^ Your Tetter of January S and a similar ore of a 
prenous date are before me. You asK for an e^cpression of 
».y .lews as to principles of conduct that might be helpful 
in ^•- apinp careers. There ere two reasons for mj delay in 
reply. One. that I am not a preacher; the other, that' I ?ee 
no possibility in saying what others hare not said before. 
However, inasmuch as you .have repeated your request, you may 
say to your class forme that carelessness, inattention « 
mstructior.s and to details of execution, lack of s^tem 
and neatness in work, and lack of responsibili i^r are among 
the failings that keep many people from acJ^sncing. There 
are those *o -^ork by the clock, who «ke no interest in 
their work and are careful not tc do more than they feel 
they are paid for. You do not need to be told where such 
people end up. In cases of daibt the Golden Rule is usually 
a safe one to follow. Industry, perseverance, and honesty 
of service ere the landmarks to success. 

Very truly yours , 




Jebruery 9,1923 



Mr. J. ^- FigPi^ 
D**itreT-. GcloYsdo 

- > 


iiy deer Sir: ., . , 

My attention has just been celled to • 
. paper of your, describing . new Baa,er..f;.™,.Coloredo 
^ich I am told was published in Vol. 2, K0.2 of the of the Color^o Museum of Natnr.^ History 

in 1918. 

"if you cen send me e copy 1 shell be 

fjreatly obliged. , ~" '' -^ , 

Very truly yours, 

,1 ^^ ' 


' 9± 
















Pebruaiy 15,192:?. 


A rdiBDr e , Okie, h om a 

Dear Mr. oykes: 

Plaege perdon my delay in acknowledging receipt of 
your last letter and of your Big Bear skull which arrived safely 
aT>out 8 month ago. About that time I was down with the all 
prevalent grippe and did not go to the Museum for some time. 

A few days aM I went to the Museum end measured your 

skull. It is en unmistakable 

but by no mains the 

largest. In fact, it is about the average of fully adult males. 
It ip an excellent specimen however and a v^ry handsome skull, 
ond I am obliged to you for your comrtesy in letting me see it. 

All measurements of skulls ere taken in a a t ra ipM 
lirie >^etween the extreme points. Measured thu% the greatest 
length of your skull is 430 millimeters (approximately 17 inches) 
while the basal length from extreme front of skull to back cf 
ccaiylc is 405 millimeters (nearly 16 inches). 

In a previous letter you kindly offered to present it 
to the Museum if it proved to be a ^record ** skull, but although 
it is not a "record** specimen the Mieeum would nevertheless be 
very glad to have it. However, if you wish it returned I shall 
of course said it at once and would like to knew if any more 
specific address than'Ardmore 4s needed. 

Very truly yours , 





P.ebruei-y 19,1923. 

Mr. John R. Snentcn 
offlithsonian Institution 
WftsHington, D.C. 

Deer Mr. Swan ton: 

In looking over your reosnt interesting article 
^"titled !Lgw_XifitLLm,-lim. Sprly H jctorv of the ■<^^n^ ir r f ^^^pi^^ 
uiblished in the Journal of the Weshington Academy for Feb. 4. 
I wfcs rather surprised to see thrt in your nuiKrous footnote, 
refarcnceo you ^iTe th.- Utje and pege bjit. not the ^ at e. This 
struck me as so extrecrdi nary thet I exanii^ed recent numbers 
of the ALthnmlogisL where, to my surprise, the same defect 
is noticeable. 

In lookir.g for an author! ty. a scientific .nan ordinarily 
wants to kro, 2 things: ahex^ end jvV^. In other .vords. ^^^ 
the infoTT^aticr wes originally published.and ^^ it ;,as puhli.h. 
In biclogiwl publications the date is often of eren greater 
iirportenoe than the plfce of p!7blicetion. 

I )rBve no doubt that you will agree with me in thi. 
and that the orer.ight will be corrected in the future numbers 
of the AflillCfijjLO, 

With best wis has. 

"^erjr truly yours. 



Februery 21,1923. 

Mr. Stephen Knipht 
UkiahT Calif. 

Dear Mr. Knipht; 

Your letter of January 27 was incst welcome and I wish 
to thank you perticulz^rly for your pn^.-rptness in telling me 
about the tio^vijv,yiU. San Lopez. I did not suspect that he 
carr,e fron, the Smith Eiver country. This locate, hi™ the 
Icl^lfi^ia. the northernmost Athapeskan tribe in Celifornia. 

And I am glad also to know about *ere the ?i-qte ._ 
came from. 

I have delayed writing in the hope of learning mere 
as to Collett's progress. He has not yet actually gi.en the case 
in question to Mr. .Vise, and I sus^ct that he has not succeeded 
m raising the necessary funds. I would like to see thi. cr.e 
tried out in order that ;.ve might know Just we stand ns to 
future possibilities. 

The Pueblo case in connection th Senator Bursura'o 
Mil has been very much in evidence here during the month 
or two. A delegation of Pueblo Indians spent some time her. and 
also visited New York end were everywhere welcomed and riven 
an opportunity to speak. Their case has excited a large amount 

of corrment tnd f^ * iciora Tho ,^yif-„: u 

loi.ra. mo criticism has been applied all - 

along the line«*»^ Jecretarv Pall of fv>« Tr,f 

cry rail, 01 the interior Department , 








3 • K • jf<^ • 

and Senator Bur?uin, who introduced the obnoxious bill^ 
to the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and I think has done 
much good. We are all glad to know that Secretary Pall 
goes out of office on March 4, although we do not yet 
know \*io his successor will he. 

Jidge Raker is making another effort to give 
California Indians a chance ;uth the Court of Claims. 
And the next few days will tell #iether or not he succeeds 
If he «bes I will of course let you know. 

With best wishes from us all, 

Very truly yours , 


.«-, ' 

i- ^X^ 


■ »■■ ^ 

•t^^-j^. lAIx*^ 


/ ^j^^ >^ \ 



^ '"«c-^ tL^V^ 


CA--^ ^'"J— 











February 21.1923. 

Mr. Stephen Knight 
Ukiah. Calif. 

Dear Mr. Knight: 

Your letter of January 27 was most welcome and I wish 
to thank you particularly for your pr^nptness in telling me 
about the Ikis^iji^^t. San Lopez. I did not suspect that he 
carr.e from the Smith Eiver country. This locates him among the 
22l=lfi::2a.. the northernmost Uhapesk^^n tribe in California. 

And I am glad also to know about -^lere the Pi-utes 
oame from. 

i ha^e delayed writing in the hope of learning more 
as to Collett's progress. He has net yet actually gi.en the case 

m question to Mr. Wise, and I '^'>mct th«f h. Ko 

, liu uspeci; met he hap not succeeded 

'n raising ,he necessary fund,. I ^uld like to see this ces, 
tried out in order thet ,e „ight know ju.t wl«re .. stand as to 
future possibilities. 

The Pueblo case in connection -.vith Senator Bursum's 
bill has been very much in evidence here during the p«st month 
or two. A delegation of Pueblo Indians spent some time here and 
also visited New York end were everywhere welcomed and given 
an. opportunity to speak. Their case has excited a large amount 
of co„„,ent end criticism. The criticism has been applied all - 
along the li^e-.^ Secretary Pa 11. of the Interior Department 






1 i 

\ I 

■ i 

' 1 

; .t- 

, . 


i • 



^ .. !? 





• I 



i i 






3* K* fc*» 

and Senator Bursum, who introduced the obnoxious bill^ 
to the Bureau of Iriiian Affairs » and I think has done 
much good, le are all glad to know that Secretary Pall 
goes out of office on March 4, although we do not yet 
know v*io his successor will be. 

Jidge Raker is makipg another effort to give 
California Indians a chance ^ith the Court of Claims. 
And the next few days will tell whether or not he succeeds. 
If he does, I will of course let you know. 

With best wishes from us all, 

Very truly yours , 


^v.->^ J \0. „ ,m xr Kt^^ o.^ ^Jl^' ^\--->- 



■ i if' 

K 9^ 




^*% ■ HJ^^^*^ 

I- "^^fe.^ i-*-.^L>*-'--x- ''-'-*-^oc^ 



Retake of Preceding Frame 

56» J 












&,]/lice Sastwood 
■Jsn iTanciPco, Calif. 
DsarUisr Eastwood: 

February 21,1923, 

^ week or so be for a Ghri<=f 

of tho £ortfo1in ,>-p r, -, ordered a copv 

^viJi.i.uAio_ot__Colore'^ m,»,<- i.- ^"^ 

"7 =»rd .0 tfc.t jon did Pct v„ ■ ' "°* '" ■'"' '" 

j^ii uia net icnow -.vher^^ i-v ^.r 

"=- had the. befcr. i„ t^. t.c M. , '""' " '^" "'^ 

oH^r^cn ^2 volumes in which fv< 

ong^naiy appeare.^.but in any case It. / ^ 

°feject to a .et of the i . ""^^^ '''^'^ '"'^"l'^ "^t 

01 the plates by themselves A f 

adly printed owin, to erroneo.. resist Jt' 7 '''^ ''' 
' ^^-'< they are -.vonderfully ,ood 'T "' " ' ^'"'^ 

^- 3-nethine of the .^. ,/,/ ' '" ' ^^°- ^ -^^ you could' 

-c^e Kind fcr our foi,*^ 

- -^ Just reoc.erin, f.. , ,,,, ^^"^^ ^'^^^^^^ ^^ p^.ent 

^li^abeth is in Canbrid^e with n .u 

^hiliren h...e been oull^'n . . ''^^- ^^^ ^^«»<1- 

^«en pulling hard on h^r nil -4. 

lays befcr. .fce »culd leave „, , ' ' ' """" "' 


P^nty to eat. ^"^ ^^^ t^^re has been 

""t ../l;^;^^^'^^ ™^ e^^oct.,« to ,,3n .or CalUor^a the 

AS ever yours, ^^ 



Pebruery 19,15^- 

Col. H. 0. Riser, Chief Clerk 
U. 3- Geo logical Survey 
ISephinpton, D-G. 

Deer Colonel Eizer: 

Thfinks for your letter of the 16th 
instant end for your courtesy in f^endinp the 
maps asked for, ell of *i ch hsve juFt cofne 

to hand. * 

Very truly yours , 

Chairmen GeogrBphic Bocrd 



February 21,1S23. 

Mr. J. D. Piggins. Director 
Coloredo Hu^euin or Natural History 
Denver, Colorado 

Dear Mr. Figpins: 

MfiDV thenks for your cotarteey in 9ending 
me 8 copy of your peper describing the new Badger 
from Coloredo. -^ich has just arrived. I em 
very glad to add it to my Badger file. 

Veiy truly yours, 








February 22,1923 

Col. Gecrpe ff. Stewart 
Visalit, Calif. 

Dear Colonel Stewart: 

Very many thsnVr for your interestir^ letter of 
the 14th instant, Tvith acconpnnying nap of the country ea^t 
cf Placerville, thus an5:\'erinf^ my questions very fully, 

I am very glad to Vnow that you found the dome- 
sha^e tsees of the YoViita so far up in the foothills as 
Isnon Cove and on Tule River and Deer Greek. And I cm 
particularly obliged for the details you have so kindly 
given me as to the conical and A-tent shape bark houses of 
the lugtsfi-nfln east of Placerville. I en fairly famiiigr 
with that region and have been to Smiths Flat several 
times, once going south from there to Chief Hunchup's place 
between North end iliddle Porks of Cosximnes Kiver. 

I think I have seen the very iaadrcne trees you 
mention but am not sure, as I have not time today to look 
the matter up in my journals. 

iiCcin thenkirg you for takinc so much trouble in 
my behalf »8rd with kindest regards to you all, 

Very truly yours, 


February £2,191:3. 

Dr. J, Wplter Pewkes 

Dear Doctor Pe^kos: 

I m '.vonderin^ if someone in your Bureau 
knows about the distribution of Algonkin tribes in 
northern New 3r^«iok. What I prticularly went to 
•^nc. is whether the m^}, or Abn^ i.^^^^ted north- New Br-^swick in the region wtere Victoria 
- xn contact with Restigouche and NorthumberUndr , 

Tnisting I sm not giving you too r.uch 
trouble. and with best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 






February 22.1923. 




Lr. Johr Oliver LeGorce 
Nctionel Gec-rrephic Society 
Washing tor, D.C. 

Dear tr. LeGorce: 

I?ftplying tc ycur letter of the 20th 
irstent would saj th^t the 3c?^rlet Itis, which 
evidently is tf.c one referred tc in the clipping, 
has been found in i^loride p number of timec but 
is extremely rare. 

The other ore, the Ho^^eete Spoonbill, 
breeds in colonies in southern Florida. A fc:? years 
fci^o, if I em not mistaken, i^rank Ghafmen photographed 
one of the«e colonies. 

Chapman is new in Florida in the sane 
town with 3hir^:s. He would be gl^d to give you any 
details you may wish in this line. 

Very truly yours, 






I i 









February 26,1923 

^r. Willi an H. Crocker 
i^resident, Boerd cf Trustees 
Oalifcrnia hca'iemy of jciences 
San, Calif. 

My dear Mr. Crocker; 

The recent arrival cf the lest publication of 
the California Academy, npmel,- YenDenburch 's two large 
volunes on the Sept ilft^. prompts ^ to say a ^ord of 
appreciation for the splendid scientific ^rk the ilcadany 
^3 doing. Publicetions of thi. kind give the Accden>y a 
standing nnong th.e scia^tific crgpn..aion8 of the world 
which it would be difficult to attain in any other way. 

VanDen burgh's 2a£tilL9 at once becomes a 
classic in Zoology and is likely to remain for all tine 
standard ^rk on the Reptiles of Western America. The 
Illustrations nre admirable; in fact, remarkable, .rd it 

1- a great pity that the text was printed on such miserable 

Personally,! feel greet satisfaction in this 
renewed evidence thet the /.cademy is fostering research 
work in Natural History and ar. sure that the present i„.- 
portant contribution to knowledge will add materially 
to its prestige. 

With best wishes, 

Very truly yours, 

February 26.1923 

Mr.^John W. licillicrd 
San Francisco, Celif. 

Dear Mr. teillierd: 

The recent receipt of VcnDenburgh 's Eeptiles ;,f 
West e r jL America recently published by the Academy . inspires 
me to drop you a line of ccr^ratulation. It certainly i«i 
encouraging to see the /caderay adding to its prestige by the 
publication of so important a contribution to systematic 
Zcologjr. I do not think of anything thot could ad-l so much 

*° ISfsntfff^"- '^ ^--^ ''^''^^y ''' the estimction of the 
other, organizations of the world as the publication of the 
results of painstaking original research. And it certainly 
is comforting to see that the Academy is spending pert of its 
fund in this way. 

The only misfortune connected with VanDenburgh's Bep tiles 
so far £5 I em a^f^re. is the horrible wood pulp paper on which * 
it is prkted and which I fear will go to pieces in a few years. 

The excellence of the text and illustrations certainly deserves 

more permanent support. 

. I hope VanDenbumh may be prevailed upon to publish a 
similar though neces-^arily very much smaller work on the 
|mphibifi^ of the r/est Coast Rerion - the literatn«. .ai.f 

With best wishes and kind regards to you all 

Very truly youre. 



„ ^ Pebruery 26,1923 

Mr. Don eld Dickey 
resedena, Calif. 

Dear Mr. Dickey: 

In looking up the /qprrVi ,. trihp %,.! 
repion -vhprv. 1? .• . -^^^"^^^^ ^^^^^ belonging to the 

I^ not a le to .ake .ure -..ether the tribe was ib^^ki ' 
or ^.i^ (con^only spelled -^i^.). 3, , ...tTTfw U 
Pe^kes. Chief of the Bu-eau rf ^fv, . J-Walter 

„ . u ^ ethnology at the Smithsonian 

and he replied as follows: ^nsonian, 

the inforitif A%8lLble\rus"''thP L5^'"' ^"^^^ ^^^ 
th central New Brurswk>r in^>, ^ i-icmac irThabited 

n»s ... ..t ,ery exact but it .., a™.er th. purpose. 

The feunt lfe,a™ n«.i p,p,, g„„ ^^ ^ 
iJEil. The typewritten fit-of u ' " 

«th the . ■ r -"''' '"" ""f"!^^ °«P«-« 

wiin the original. 

It „ae a pleasure to see you „„d your ,ife here 
-^ as you .no. ,e enjoyed your lecture a„a .„,erf.l pictul. 
-ensely. N„t ti.e you co„e .. hope you ^n 3tey iC 

There are loads of things i„ „, „!„ „, 

I hai hoped to show you end fplt • ^-u ■ 

1- ^ '^°»i^nd talk -Aath you about, iiovvever we 

msy have better luck some other time. 

With Kindest regards to your wife anj mother. 

Very truly ycurs . 


t ; 



February 26,1923. 

Mr. Edgar J. Banks 
3ustis, i^lorida 

Dear 3ir: 

Your letter of the 12th instant concerning 
Babylonian tablets has been forwarded to me from 

Apparently you have been misinformed, as 
I have no special interest in anything of this kind, 
my field in Anthropology relating to the liring 
Indians of California and Nevada. 

Very truly yours, 


i i 



.G.M. - #2 - 





>'ebruary ^7,1923 

^r. Charles Granville Mini fie 
1590 :)8craniento Street 
Sot i^'ranoiscc , Galifcrnie 

t'y dear "jir; 

Tom- letter of Februsry 21 with enclosures 
reached ire this noming, end I hasten to reply. 

In my edniration for Celifcrnia and its full 
narne I a- seccnd to no one. Per the pest 35 years! have 
averaged about 3 months each year in the Golden State, 
end for the past 12 years have had a home in Msrin County 
which is my headquarter? during half or more than half of 
each '/ear. 

It w.s beccuse of my interest in the 3tet'> and mv 
admiration for the name that I undertook the fight a few 
years ago to secure the official adoption of Calif, instead 
Of the then prr-valent Qsl?j,i^ the government bureaus. end 
else-flhere so far as possible. It has always seorred to me 
that the ebbreviati on*Qel! ,as standing for calomel, calamity, 
and other undesirable things, was a belittlemert of the name. 
But I met with much opposition— some here in Wash- 
irigtcn, especially from the Government Printing Office, and 
^I regret to say, from residents of Califorr.ia. You may be 
surprised to know that a bill was introduced in the California 

Legislature providing that*iJ&l'. should be t!ie official 
abbreviation for the State! I think 1 was instrumental 


in killing this bill.^ 

I have held tfiftt^ Oali f! give^ th^ feeling of the 
r«f!je and is not susceptible of confusion '^ith G^l.fcr 
Colorado. &s is the case men Gal ^ is written on envelopes. 

I erree with vou in favorinp the use of the full 
nfiise wherever orecticable hut I do not think that the use 
of the full name cc-uld be enforced in the government do- 
pe rtments, particularly the Post Office and Goverrment 
Prirtinf Office, *^re it would ''^J^ve to be printed many 
thcuserds of tines osch year. The length of the nane requires 
sc nanv letter^^ tiiat it could not v/ell be used in tabular 
TTiatter.ynd in the case oi the cancelin?^ stamp? of the Post 
Offices it wo^ild go all the way around or so nearly all 
around that mix:h larger canceling '^ would bo nece^^sary 
in order to give rcon^ for the pljBce name and dete. 

Of course you will understand that I am writing you 
personally giving my personal Tio'.''s,not officially as Chairman 
of the Geographic Board, the mr-ttor not yet having been 
brought to the Board's attention. 

7ery truly yours , 







'■».- ^-_^--, 




Hon. Chfrles T T- »T 

unired. otetes 3eri^tn^ 
"'es'ureton, D. c! ° 

Dear Sir: 

15^15 - 15th Street 
^ehruery 26.192.? 

Pfirdon my delaj in reolirir f 
«"»tteer ^rt ,f ^,,, ,_ ^ '""J " •-" letter .Wt th. 

On thin.- . "SMe, Orepon. 

" *lnnng the nctter cv., f 
'» ».fe,. that I d„ ,„. .,;^ . ^ - ';' =»"' ^=:- I » oMUed 

'•''« ™tter is , „„„!. ^, . ■ ■ - ''^^ '^''^"■^f the ea„. 
"^"^ n-es, ,-u,,i,, ,,„^ ^^;^^ ' ?-• ■"•• 3teel.3 oa.,, „, 

"""" ra,.i„ considerable edit,,. " ' """ " "" '«"' 

re--.rifi„ 1, eoiting, smountinp '> — r» - 

•■"ting V a person trained in th - " '' "' '" had an. anprop„^ , ° ' '' '""'^"^ °^ "-* -^ <>" 

- x-^rcpri8tion exceot for the n^-ir*- 

There is great need of l. \ ' ' °' ''' ''^'''^' 

^' P^-e n^es in the Unit 3 "^ '^^^'^ ^^"°^^^^^^ ^^^^^eer 

-taMish^ent thirtv thr "'"' ''^ '''''' '"^^ ^^- 

« --^ i" ^ie. ..t ;h"e it: t "'' ''''''-''' '-' -^' 

this Object. °' '^""^ ^'^^ ^--^tofore defeated 

^ery truly jours', 

Oheirman Geogra7hi^ Board 


Pebniery 27,1S23 

y^A .''',^1 *^?: 3- Wilcox 
ISio New Hm:>"hire Ave. 
Washing ten, D.C. 

Dofir tir. Wilcox: 


Replying to yours of yesterday wuld 
s^y that J. H. Riley of the Division of Birds in 
the Nsticnal iiuse-^-n has spent some time in Cuba 
end is undoubtedly the best informed person in 
Washington on the subject of the ornithology of 
the Island. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 







^an Francis cc. Calif. 
fleer Mr. Farqnher: 

T'^^ ^» lips I premised to .end you on tb 
geccraphic names 31 Canit.. . r, 
Yc^^.U.V.n„, ~^^^-'^" ^"^ ^^^--. both in 

/ ^''^^ f««l dispcoed to omit the .elect 

n^bo^sh you were .ood enough to show me in 
wi- admirable ..nusoriot. ilTh. Z h '"^ '''''' 

^ro. you or frnn Mr Coib. ' "' '"^^' 

■■■ '^^ '^' ^^e«"^^ to the li,t of 

ncmes submitted by Veer^tp. ^. • 

7 veersteg for points in the Sierra 

.'eev. • .'''''' ^'^' '^ ^-^ ^rou and hope to 
-ec ycu in California during th. nn ■ 

^"ring the coming season. 

"ith best wishes, 

Veiy truly yours. 


; » ; 

P ohono ?al la . Yosemite Valley; usually celled Bridal 

Veil Palls. The word Po-ho-rc means 'chunks' — 
"Coming down in chunks", as the Indians sey — 
in reference to the feet that the wcter, 
instead of falling in p uniform, sheet, shoots 
down in irrepTilar successions of sky-rocket 
masses spparated by wavering veils of mist. 
The fanciful interpretations of Pohono given 
by authors, as "An evil spirit whose breath 
is a blighting and fatal vjind" ( Hut chinps, 1860); 
"i blast of wind, or the night wind" (Whdtney, 
1868: Kneel aid, 13?1); "Spirit of the 2vil 
Wind" (Crcnelly, 186t; Gordon Gumming, 1684); 
"Name of sane vegetable growth" (Bunnel, 1380), 
are creations of th" iwagincticn. 

Bl Cap it an, called by the Indians To-to- kon-oo-l ah' 
in honor of a great chief of the First People, 
#iose name was To- to'-kon , the Sandhill Crane kon 
He is said to have lived on the top of the 
hi^e 21 Cap i ten. 

The various meanings attributed 
to this" name by authors ere pure fiction. 





I ,j 

m I 




*'' i 




February 28,1^23 

Dr. Writer Pieher 
Prcific Gro79, Celif- 

Dear v^/alter: 

Your article on Reseerch in Ksrine Biolopy, 
published in Scien ce Pebrarry 23.1S23, certainly hits 
the on the head and hits it hard. There would 
seen to be no corre-back frori your position. 

Your father^f' recovery was a great joy to 
a great 'nany people. I should have written you from 
time to time during the first few dcys except for the 
fact tte t there wps then a pcod deal of uncertainty 
£S to the on^ccne nnfl I hesitates! to say anythinp definii-'' 

With best wishes to yourself and wife, and 


hooinp to see vou both at La^Tunitos in the not distant 



As ever yours , 



jflL^n .ii^. 



Feb rue ry 28,1^^:^3 

Mr. C. E. Sykes 
Ardnore, Oklahoma 

Dear Mr. Svkes: 

Thanks for your letter of the 24th 
instant just received. 

I wish to thank you, both perf^^iially and 
in the nrme of the Museum, for your kirdness in pre- 
sentirg your Big Bear skull to cur National Collection, 
where for all time it will be available for examination 
by students of /^merican kamraals. It has been entered 
today as a donation from you. 

It is good to know that you have planned 
another bear hunt. I shall be much interested to learn 

cf the result . 

With best ;vishes. 

Very truly yours , 












, ? 


1919-16th Street 
Mfiixii 1, 1923 

iion. GbLrles L. licHery 
United Stetes Senate 
Vies'iicgton, D.C. 

Ky dear Kr. McNary: 

Perdcn my oTersi^t in net returning 
Mr. Steel's letter alcnp with the nemcrF.nd^jir. I 
sent ycr» ? :,f'ear cr so 8go. They ere enclosed 


Vllith aoolcRies, 

Very truly yours, 

x^ ■»»■>» 


~ mum 




T 1 : 90 

Mr. W. I. Adams 
Smithsonian Institution 
Washington, D.C. 

Dear LIr. Adcms: 

Kerem th I am -^rclosing my expense account 
for thn month of Pebruery, encurtirn t: ^ii^.lj; and 
elso selrry vouchors for: 


Madeline E. Pierson, stercprspher. . .?130.00 
Zeneidfi Kerriam, assist Siiit 28. OC 

voucher. A. H. Twitdiell, 3 Al^skc Bear s'-iiTls . 15,00 

which I shell be obliged if you Trill pay ss usual 
from the nerriman Fund. 

I cm enclosing also a belated receiot from kV^r-s 
Press Clipping Bureau for clippings on Indians, Boars, 
and Panther^, #]ich should be sub-voucher Hi for the 
January account already p^id. 

Very truly yours. 

-^'9brj5^ r 




0. Hr.rt Lerriam 

1919 . 

16th 3t, Washington, D.C. 



homes LaPrance — Legends of the Delaware 

The Adoption of Mew-seu-qua 

3un?«et ilagazine for February 
4 rcllfi paper towels 

Stamps and stanoed envelopes 

- *. 

Clrcnir;g office rooms, month of February 
Electric ourrert Jan.SO-ij'eb. 19, $10.80 (l 2) 
Bccn7ille Herald for 1923 





5 00 






4 00 



2 00 

$ 19 15 


1 1 






... •!«,« 





M.-rch 0.1923 

Dr George R. Kill. Jr 
ytr-^h iign cultural Colli 

LoPHn, Utah 
Dear Doctor Hill: 

Per fi long time I have been anxiouslv 
aweiting the tppc^rfnoe of the grizzh akull oonoerninp 
•.vhich -.VG have bed so much oorre3pona'=rioe,lut thu? far 
it hcs not c-rrived. It mupt be well driod out by this 
time and I shell be s.rcatly oblired if you will kindlv 
ho7e it r,Ec;-ed fnd shipped as etrly £s practicable so 
that I may have sn opportunity to examine it before 
returning to California. 

On its receipt I mil of course attend to 
the payment of the promised tZ^.LO. 

^e-rj tr^ly yours, 






Kerch 6,1923 

Mr. A. H. Twitch ell 
Pli.t, Alijslca 

My dear Sir: 

On visiting the Nctionel f^jseujp. o short 
tiie Ego I found the three prizzly skulls Ala ch you 
sent in from the Upper Kuskokwin and heve turned in 
a voucher of $15. OU for them, the check for which 
was probfcbly sent you last week by the Smithsor isn. 

With thenks for ycur cortinued help in 
securing these skulls, 

Very truly yours. 




^ J 






.« J 



March 6,19r3 

Dr. Vfitmer Stone 

Academy of Nsturtl SciemGS 

Ihiladelphia, Pennsylvariia 

Dear Doctor Store: 

Pleo?e pardon ny delay ir replying to your 
kind letter of January 22nd. particularly since you were 
so good as to send me one of your copies of the Oclcgist 

peper desired. 

I m glad jcu agree with me as to the typo- 
graphic featiore mentioned in the Auk- 

We are all rrdghty glad to know that you ere 
sc satisfactorily fixed in your new home- I know ^ist 

this r.esns. 

Vi'ith t^est wishes to Mrs. 3tcns and yourself 

and hoping th£,t wc may hare you with us agein at our 

little sliack in the Redwoods, 

Is ever yours, 

VA^ N. 



March 5.1923 

Dr. J. VanDen burgh 

E40 Stockton Street 

Sen Francisco, Oelifornia 

Dear Doctor YanDenburgh: 

riifcnks for your interesting lettf^r of i'ebruary 17. 

I at once acted on two of your three suggestions, end hope to 

see Jr. Stejneger within a few days in regard to a revie^v. 

Personally I had to give up writing reviews some 

years a^o,£nd for several reasons ~ I was too behindhand in 

my OTvn m)rk to spare the time, ^rd I learned by sad exnerience 

that one review led to another and that authors felt it a 

grievance if I reviewed some other fellow's book and not 

theirs. So, in spite of appeals from some rather 

eminent personal friends, I abandoned the business altofiether. 

Just as soon as I can finish wri tinpr up last 

ee^^cn's field notes I expect to return to California- The 

provisional date set is about a month hence. 


Hoping therefore to see you in the not distant 

Very truly yours , 





Krs . H.D. — ^2 

March 6,1923 

Dear ilrg. Helen Dare: 

Your letter datfid Pebraery 20 arrived several 
(ir.vs ego, and the |)eckage of ethnolofical specimen? frcm 
ilf.g!-fi cnme tcdey. It is hprdly necessary to toll you how 
highly 1 priso those specimens: and I shall be rreatlv ob- 
liged if you ^111 kindly tell me -.vhere sojiig of them came 
fron -- particularly the tool handle which fits into the 
hp.r.'^ «c ricely.end the speer. 

The illputian Island cigar cesfj is a beauty. It is 
of superb vcrkinanship end I am prcud to add it to my basket 
collection, and will photograph it in a few days. The 
fopsil buttons also are interestir^. 

There i?? one specimen nhich I do net understsnd. 
It is the long walru- ivory one with the deep groove on the 
back side ard cirrred flarinp end. I will take it to the 
Museum and see if I can find out what it is. Do 2^ou rpmer^ber 
where it came frc-m? 

Just at present Mrr. L'erriam is with cur married 
daughter in Cambridge, enjoying a visit with her devoted 
grandchildren, while Zer.aida is keeping house for me. 

I regret very much that you have been ill and trust 
that you are now well on txhe road to recover v. You have 

I ! 


undoubtedly worried e great deal about the Collett matter, 
and I em anxious to know what the next move is likely to be. 

Lest fall I subscribed to Allen's Press Clipping 
Bureau for excerots on California Indians anr^ h^ve been 
receiving a large number. A .few of them are important but 
all are interesting as tending to show a grc'.Ting popular 
interest in Indian affairs with special reference to an 
inc-^eesinf? realization that these poor people have been 
ebcrrinably treated both by the Government and by the citizens 
of the State. 

Tie are still hoping to return to Larunitas early 
in April end are hoping for the pleasure of a vi.sit from 
you in the not distent future. 

Meanwhile with kindest regards from Zenaida and 
myself, in which Mrs. kerriam would join if she were here, 

Very truly yours, 

Mrs. Helen JpTe 

51 Florence Street 

Russian Hill 

San Francisco, Calif. 




•"4. ,1,^ 



1919-16th street 
March 7,1923 

ifr. Chester Tersteee 

827i North Heliotrcoe Drive 

Los Anpeles, Celifornia 

My dear Sir: 

Referring apain to the matter of new nenes 
for several mountain peaks submitted by you some time age, 
would say that I brought the matter to the attention of the 
U. 3. Geographic Board at its last meeting, and was advised 
to request you to refer the matter to the Committee on Geographic 
Komenclatur? of the Sierra Club so that the names mav core 
before the Government Eoerd wit>^ t^e mithoritative recoininende- 
tion of the Sierra Club. This has been the course edooted 
by the Governmont Board in similar cases in the past. 

We are informed that the Sierra Club's Coinmittee 
on lianes consists of Professor LeConte. William E. Colby, 
and two or three others who are interested in establishing 
the nomenclature of features in the Sierra Nev£.da. 


0. 1. — #2. 

Just at present I am far too overwhelmed mth 
work to reply to your lest questions concerning Indian 
Tribes and Passes but will remark that I posfass very little 
additional information on 'the sub ject of the use of the 
Passes by Indians. 

Very truly yours, 





Mcrch 7,1923 

Itr. A.J^. Robertson 

Union Squsre 

32 n ?rancisGO, Calif. 

Jeer Kr. Robertson: 

The lettpr part of Deoerber I 'vrote you 
that the copy of Englehardt's Lower Gp lifnrri^ fVol.l 

f Mi^lciicwaHL^i_f^cii^irii?^ j?L_CaUijmiU ) . pur ch a s ed 
from you Pome years ago, proves to be iirperfect. 
pages 16£-19£ being absent end dnplicate oet of 
pages 481-509 bound in their place. 

I have not heard from you in reply, but 
an -.v^ndering .vhether you cannot get the publishers 
tc substitute a perfect copy. 

When I wrote you I hcd only just missed the 
IscVing pages, but since then havo several times been 
thwarted in atternptir^ tc look up some particular point 
which unfortunately happened to fall within the absent 

Very truly yours, 




Merdi 7,1^23 

Col.H.C.Eizer, Chief Clerk 
U. 3. Geological Survey 
Weshingtcn, D.G. 

Desr Cclcnel Rizer: 

Your letter concern ing your ''jcxir.g friend Llitchell'' 

who -.verts to vrite an article on Acorn Pood is st hmi. I pleed 
guilty to the receipt of 8 letter from Mitchell i*ile at Larun- 
itas laot summer but it struck ire es so presurrptious that I 

omitted replying. 

The article 1r question with the ccccmpanying 
illustrations was copyrighted by the National Geographic Society, 
so that pennission to use the same, in *ole or in part. T70uld 
have to "be granted by the editor, Mr. Gilbert Grosvenor. 

I alwa^'^g feel like encouraging and helpinfj young 
men to write articles embracing the results of their observa- 
tions and based at least in large part on material collected 
by themselves, but this idea of rehashing an article written 
by somebody else and utilizing illustrations and other materials 
which another has been years in accumulating has never appealed 
to me as falling under the heed of commendatory procedure- How 

does it strike you? 

With best wishes and affectionate regards. 

As ever yours, 



March 7,1923 

I>'r. Themes tiurphv 
Blocksburg, CaliTcrnia 

My deer Sir: 

Last fall Dr. 3terlir£ Bimnell gave me e highly 
irtflrest,in/3 eccount of the bear hunt he had just ncde with 
ycu. and I regretted thet I had not been physically able to 
be one cf the perty. 

But juf t new I an not writing about Bears but about 
Indians. I m Tvondering if you can give me the nanes and places 
of cbodp cf ccnc of the nativp. Indians cf your region. I am 
already accjucinted with those at Zenia and in Round Valley .but 
would like to locate any others who may still lire in your general 
region or in the L-^rrabee Creek region or on either the upper 
cr middle VenDuzen ord Mad Hivors. In other words I want to 
locate all the Indians I can between South Fork Eel en the ;»est 
and the main 3el end iiad Eivers on the east. 

Any help yru can give me in this line will be thmk- 
fully received. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours , 



' I 




March 7.1923 

Captain Will C.Bames 
Forest Service 

Wfishincton, D.G. 

Deer Captain Bornes; 

*lhy does the ij'orest Service continue to hide its 
light under a bushel? 

I have just this manent seen a very Icrge nap 
issued bj the Forest Service in li^iil entitled Klamath Not^nr, 
£S2ieai. This evidently is a new and corrected edition of the 
former map published in two sheets and is the map I have 
been hungering and thirsting for for several years. 

I inquired at the office of the Forest Service in 
San Francisco (Ferry Building) on two different occasions 
last sujrmer and fall asking if there were any more recent 
editions of the Klanath, Trinity, and California, Pcrest 
Maps, and was assured that there were no more recent ones 
then the old ones #iich I had. 

I need this map in my business and shall be'greatly 
obliged if you will kindly iiave three copies sent to ne at 
191£-16th Street, If you cannot spare three, please send 
at least two. 

We missed you at the Geographic Board meeting 
this morning. 

Very truly yours. 






t I 








H.F.O. #2 

March 3,1^23 

Professor Henry Fairfield Osborn 
PresidentjAmenoan kuseum of Natural History 
New York City 

Dear Professor Osborn: 

Your letter dated February 14 and accompanying 
article oi titled Publication Standards in Vertebrfite 
Palaeontolog y are before me, and I plead f^ilty also to 
the belated receipt of previous letter dated Aurust 1 last^ 
which arrived while I was engaged in field ^crk in the 
mountains of northwestern California. 

I sympathii^e without qualification in your 
pretest af^ainst the publication of scientific matter, 
particularly descriptions of new genera or species, in per- 
sor.idly issued leaflets not bearing the imprint of any 
scientific organization or serial. I .Tculd not go so far 
as to throw out articles published in Nature or Science , 
nor would I concur in all of the strictures mentioned in 
your article. Nevertheless I agree entirely in your position 
that scientific men ought not to recognize new mimes published 
in newspapers or unattached leaflets. 

The great difficulty is to secure agreement among 
naturalists. When such excellent naturalists as Joseph Grinnell 
in California, Vatmer Stone in Philadeldiia, and others 

I i 

accept, by reason of priority, and on purely inferential 
grounds, names unac companied by description or statement 
PJ..X993A^^7^ and in «o doing displace names based on 
definite type specimens properly published and accompanied 
by description and record of locality, itiat are we going 
to do? And irtien so eminent an authority on maimials as 
Gerrit Miller accepts names published in exhibition 
catalops or in any old place, how can scientific men 
enforce rules of nomenclature? 

I am pleased to see your insistence on the use of 
permanent paper for scientific publications. A recent case 
and one which you may have noticed is the two big volumes 
of VanDenbu lights Reptiles of the Pacific Coast Region recently 
published by the California Academy of Sciences. The pa^er 
is miserable wood pulp stocky lit tie better than the daily 
newspaper, and will hardly stand any handling at all. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 



■ f ' 


i ! 


lierch 8,1923 

Mr. Willi era Butler 
Sditor, American Jj'orestrv 
S14 - 14th 3treft 
Washington, J.U. 

liy dear Sir: 

l^or some years Americcn ^r^^c^^^^ has published 
from time to time articles and illustrations v^iich Tiers mis- 
leading, inaccurate or defective in the way of needed informa- 
tion or credit, end a considerable number of monbers of the 
Association have been looking forward 'nth interest to observe 
what effect the change in editorship might have on the relia- 
bility of the journal. 

The March number just received gives a scientific 
men something of a shock, and i am sure you will pardon me 
for calling your attention to eeveral mrtterp therein contained. 
For instance, one of the leading articles is on** The P i nog* the 
nane of which I note is written in the Spanish way instead of 
in the ordinary English way— Pinyon. This article for one of 
its size contains a surprising number of errors of staterrent, 
and the two photographs published to illustrate it show two 
wholly different species (obvious to anyone), neither of which 
appears to be a Pinyon. 

Isn't this a little severe on the readers of your 
journal who look to it for accurate information? 



1. B — #2 

On another page you publish a picture of a group of 
stuffed bears with a label implying that they are live animals. 
Is this fair? 

On other pages you publish pictures of a raft in a rapid, 
end of a log jam. the labels under iiiiich consist of a lot of 
superfluouB matter but fail to say where or by #iom the photo- 
graphs were taken, 

On still another page you publish a photograph end note 

of a spider with a young snake hanging in the web, but are 

silent as to the pert of the world in which tho accident occurred, 

thereby rendering worthless a note which if true and accompanied 

by inf orMtion as to locality mi^t be of considerable scientific 

And on still another page you display a picture of a 
porcupine taken without credit fro« Ternon Bailey's uiBjmBlf, of 
u l aciftr WattflMl PnriT and therefore representing an entirely 
diffarent species from the one of which the article treats. 

Probably it has not occurred to you that pictures in a 
great many cases are as much entitled to credit as the writing 
of an author and that to publish either without proper credit 
i« literary dishonesty. 

In the interests of reliability and fair play I trust 
that you will make an effort to avoid such unfortunate occurrences 
in future numbers. 

With hest wishes for the success of Americ^nn Pnrn^fry 

Very truly yours. 







' 1 .1 






Merch 6.1923 

Lr. H.fs.fihQll Mam^ner 
lietropclitfcn /dr Goods Oc. 
^thol, Llrji-siichusetts 

Deer Sir: 

Reierri%; iigein to cur corres^ndence con- 
cerning a light tent for field use (see my letter of 
I5ec. 5 xost) I shouid be .-iad to kr^w at .t.iit ^rlce you 
would i^urnish me one of your new auto Ciimpin^- tonts ^s 
described und illustrated in your letter of Hovember £i^, 
but £i^liOu^t the floor cloth or mosGuito netting. 

The rru,teriul of which you sent me t: sair^ple is 
rati^ior stiff ltA heavy and I im wondering if you have 
it in the thin long fiber cotton materiel^s ix)h es ueed 
by the Kompak Tent Company. If ec. I should be glad to 
know the price in both kinds of goods, and also the 
difference in price for three and four people, if you sake 
it in different sizes. 

If you have issued any new catalog of your camping 
goods I should be glad to receive a copy. 

Very truly yours. 



March 8,1-23 


Indian Board of Cooperation 

3 City Hall Avenue 

San ifrancieco, California 

My dear Mr. Collett: 

Your letter of March 2 with accomprjiying map 
has just reached me. In compliance with your request I 
have indicated on the map, as accuictely as the data at 
hand permit the boundaries of the so-called Kgrok tribe. 

It is impossible to indicate the boundaries 
exactlj on a map of such large scale. There are two diffi- 
culties. The first, as I wrote you before, relating to 
the upper limit of the tribe, niiich from information re- 
ceived from the Indians 1 believe to have been just below 
the mouth of Siad Creek but which, to avoid argument, I 
have placed at Thompson Creek. The other relates to the 
exact position of the mountain divides on both sides of 
Klamath River #iich delimit the territory of the tribe^ 
^ifcile all of the villages were close to the Main River or 
its tributaries, Che hunting grounds, acorn grounds, and 
seed gathering grounds of the tribe extended back on each 
side to the summit of the divide. 

Trusting that tliis information will be sufficient 

and that this trial case will be decided in favor of the Indians, 

Very truly yours. 

^ .^ 







March 8,1S£3 

Lieut. George T. Emraona 
Princeton, N.J. 

i»y dear Lieutenant Snmons: 

A few days age I rweived your important 
publication on Ja^eJn^^iiUsh Columbia and Alaska , for 
ich I wish to thank you. I wish also to c ong ra t ula t a 
you on the beauty of the illustrations and the geceral 
attractire appearance of the little book. Like others 
of your publications it makes a permanent record of 
interesting little known, or previously unknown, facts 
which are exceedingly usofal to fellow students. 

Vi'ith kind regard? to Krs. !i:jsons and yourself. 

Very truly yours. 





March 8,1923 


Dear Doctor Stephens : 

It is splendid news that you have purchased that 

iionderful Aliiske ceremonial how end that your generosity has led 

you to present it to the Smithsciiian Institution. 

In reply to your inquiry as to packing and address 
would suggest that it he well wrapped hy itself, and then wrapped 
against one or tw poles orVToards of equal or slightly greater 
length^and that both ends be protected by a heary wrapping of 
gunny sacking or something of that sort. 

It should be sent by express, addressed to: 

Professor William H. Holmes 
Head Curator of Anthropology 
U. 3. National Museum 
1rt(£shingtcn, D. C. 

and the outside tag should bear your name end address- Another tag 

should be tied to^^ifi^Mw before it is wrapped, stating what you 

' know about its origin^i^*^^— -^ 
V. ..^ _ ..^ This will be a great addition to the Museum Collection 

and one highly appreciated, as they have nothing like it. 

Yes, we ell succeeded in passing out from under our 

grip colds a long time ago and are now in uni:B5ually good health. 

Elizabeth is still in Cambridge with Dorothy end the beloved grand- 
children. We expect her back in a few days. 

And. surprising as it may seem, I an still hoping to 
close up here and start for California early in April. 

lidith love to you all, 

Dr. W.Bf relay Stephens ^^ ®^^^ y^^^^' 

Ik^ Bay Street ^.H^. 

Alameda, California 









itorch 9,1923 

Professor W.J.Humphreys 
U. S. Weather Bureeu 
Washington, D.C. 

Dear Professor Humphreys: 

The recent tppeorsnce of your address 
entitled The Murmur of the PorMt end th^ Rp^r ^ f 

aXD pleases me so much thet I feel impelled to 
tell you how much 1 eppreciete it. 

In the course of my more than 50 jrears 
of field work I heve often heard these murmurs and 
roars end have never fully understood them. And while 
parts of your address are beyond my depth I have never- 
theless derived much information from its perusal. 

I was interested also in *at you say about 
the formation of clouds over mcuntain siirmitp. I have seen 
dozens, if not hundreds, of these end have photographed 
some of then. 

With best .vishes. 

Very truly yours. 





March 9.15^23 

Hon- Charles U. Burke 
OoBiissioxier Indian Affairs 
Washington. D.C. 

Deer Sir: 

May 1 inquire whether your recent 
order .as reported in the newspapers .is intended 
to prevait the August Snake Dance of the Hopi. 
their most sacred religious cereraony? 

Very truly yours. 







March 9,1923 

Idwcrd Denny & Co . 

338 Bush Street 

k>en /rancieco, Calif. 

Dear Sirs: 

I »hell be obliged if you will kindly 
send .e e copy of your «all ^p entitled J^^j^ 

«8suring in«ide the fra^e li„e 19 x 22j in ' 

Not knowing the price I em enclcsin^ $1.00. 

▼•ry truly yours. 

March 5,1S2:? 


Dr. Paul Bartsch 

U. S. National ku,g euro 
Washington, D.G. 

Deer Doctor Bartsch: 

Herewith I am bending you the 
■anuscript you asked for of my address at the 
Baird Centennial, since #iich, owing to the 
pressure of other natters. I hare not been 
able to get at. 

Very truly yours, 

<5.H :^ V — >^-.^... 


B ii I R D T H ?: Vi \ "^ ? ?. L 

By O.Hart Merrism. 


i .i 

A century ego toda' n'^^ born into the wrl" Vbe destined 
to develop ard crv.^V'\7e tie mtural sciences in Anerice erd to 
"becoT£ the teechnr rnd ' - :der of the ^jpccrirg j^eneraticn of 
netursliat? — cno ?7hcs e nc<^e*5ty, ^irnlicity, ^'inceritjr, industry 
and nc^t^rly a-joomplichnents i^ere ^- become an inspiration to 
folic w \ : r^ -"^-g. 

Thfi time wdc opportune. Conir - into n-rnhrcd at g oerird 
\7'>en our faune wrs little kno-^r - } the literature f ra>5r.6nt»ry 
and scattered; possessed of vigorous body, r olcar intellect, 

sufficient anibiticr, F.rid^unquer»r!hr»bl e lovr? fcr :-• i ar>-^l . ^trry, 
he early perceived thr. opportunity f-nd need fcr original research 
and thro^ hineelf tody rjid ptvI '--*■■' the field. 

Confrcr ted witi: t'-- urs^liFf^r-^ :r / state cf the ^imm he«t 

works en Zcclofry, Tith special reference to the vertobrLtes . 

f-nd ^ith the inccr.^^leteness cf nuseurr cl lections, he ^fiw ei 


the prespin^ need cf t^athering the raw material??, pn'^ 
became of necessity « collector c*^ "^x^iiens •- fcr ^thcut 
specii^enp how could he studv and classify the birds r' ^'lep 
batrachian^, fishes, and rr.anr.als in which he hhr\ -Iready become 
so acutely interested. 






He began ct about the e^e of 15, the period of mcximum 
youthful enthusiesm. end from that time until overwhelmed by 
the cregsinc duties of the A.'pi.stant ieoretaryship of the 
Smithsonian in 1850. continued hi? search for specimens with 
ever increasing eagerness. And one csannot but be mezed et 
the magnitude snd diversity of his collections. 

It is c matter cf record thst *en 27 years old he had 
eccumulated 3.500 skins of birds, upwards cf 500 sless jers and 
nurorous barrels, kegs, and tin vessels of reptiles, 600 sVuIh 
and skelfltons of North A-rorican vertebrates, a number cf 
prabryos 'in pickle', rr d large collections of fosril bones from 
the Bone Caves cf Pennsylvania er.d Virginia. 

This enormous collection when shipped to the Smithsonian 
in Octobfr 1850 filled two v^Almy cars Hrd became the nucleus 
of the Net icnal Museum. 

Birds were his first icve, followed closely by reptiles, 
end c little later by irammal? and fishes, all cf v/hich ccrtinued 
tc c-ccupy his affections to the end of his life. Birds, i.;ininals. 
x^eptiles. and Batrachiens were the subjects of his most elaborate 
and iapcrtent contrite tions tc science. He beran to oublish 
descriptions of rpw species of birds in his 20t>' year «.»v{k 
a year leter^,A-n iirncrtant Feunal paper, on the lird.s_£ljtie 
S^.ll gle re? Ion , in 1B45 he published his cnlv strict^v 
5-^ > ->al oaner, treating of the Trees and Shrubs cf the 
S£re recion:^in 1349 (whev'-.o years old):^a nost in^.portant 





1 s 

I £8 


^fi-iisien _g f_ Jiia_; 

scon after by Deg(;riPtio n8 of H ew 3tilemnHflra and a paper 
Qq th9 Sgne gev^s of fcnn ff yl y arjig.. after which until near 
the end of his life his contribution?, appear! r^ at frequent 
intervals, covered e wide field. 

Before the close of his 18th year, in order to acquaint 
himself with what liad beer -.vritten on the Neturel History of 
America, he had searched the public and privsts libraries of 
Herri -jburg. Philadelphia, end New York for volume? not available 
at Gfirlisle, and in 1346 had visited Ecstcn end New Haven for 
the sar.e purpose. It is known that he once — and inferentially 
several times — wel>«d 40 miles to Hrrrisburg and beck in e 
sinf^le day. csrryinp, a loed of borro',?ed book? and brinRinr 
back ^"-^esh ones. 

Bcird as a young man war strong and well developed, 
more thnn 6 feet in he i /ii t , . ataMpr and frood Icokinr. He was a 

famous welker, end on one of his excursions, though encumbered 
with ,^un and knapsack weip^ii^ £5 pounds, walked 400 miles in 
21 days, and on the last day no less then 60 miles in 18 hours 
(walking time exactly 15 hours); and during the year walked 
upwards of 2200 miles. 

in November 1841 he bepan study ii^ nedicine in New lork 
under Dr. Goldsmith, but medicine proved not to his liking and 
he soon returned to Crrlisl?. 

Whilft;^in New York Dr. Goldsroith, 11*10 evidently was 
very fond of him, took him to see Audubon^ 



f 1 mrr 





Other distinguished naturalists met in New York were George N. 
lawrence. the eminent ornithologist. Titian R. Peale of the 
Wilkes 2xpediti on, James DeXay, author of the large volumes 
on the Nat'jrel History of New York, J. ?, Giraud, author of 
*-" ^irds Of Lo n e Ig3fi n.d. and Jonn G. Bell, the leading taxi- 
dermist of IJie time and Ifiter a companion of Audubon cr the 
Upper Missouri Expedition. 

» 1B42 b* «•• urged by Audubon to accompeny him on 
his expedition up the Missouri River to the Yellowstone, but 
owing to the fears of his mother and other re]£tives, declined. 

In 1845 Baird was appointed Professor of Natural 
History aod Ouretcr of the Oabinet in Dickinson College at 
Carlisle, Pennaylvania, withopt pay; the following year he 
«aa granted a aaUrj of ♦400, which in 1847 was raised to ^50, 
and in 1848 to |1000. On beginning hia work as teacher he 
instituted a series of outdoor excursions on Saturday afternoons 
in the cairae of which natural history collections were nade. 
This was of great practical assistance to the students, end 
although in accordance witti a widespread custom of today, was 
at the time "a startling innovation". (Lucy Baird in D8ll,p.l45,19]£| 

By thia time Baird had mastered several foreign 
languagea. In 1845 he was reading Geman and had begun Italian 
and Spanish, and early in 1847 he began Danish. In addition to 
rsai^lft for his own uae he had done a large amount of trans- 
lating, especially frcBi German, for Audubon, Cassin, and Dane. 
In 1848 he undertook the translation and editingjinvclririg the 
rewriting of many of the chapters, of a very pretentious work ^ 








the loonographic Encyc lopedia — ^ich appeared in installments, 
the first four nunfcers in 1849. the completed Toliwes in 185E. 

Throughout the forties his frequent letters to his 
brother William teem with ornithological details, for during 
this period he was not only collecting birds tt)8t vigorously 
nd had oeen given many rare species by Audubon, but also ms 
exchangii)g specimens with both American and European ornithologists. 

In Januery 1847. actihg on a suggestion from James D. 
Dene, Baird applied to Professor Joseph Henry, Secretary of the 
newly established Smithsonian Institution, for the position of 
Curator. But the funds of the Inptitution arailable for science 
were at a low ebb, owing to large expenditures for the construction 
of the building, and it was not until July 1350 that he was 
elected i5?sistMnt Secretary of the Institution. 

Then, when actually installed in this coveted petition, 
his head bursting with the dream of a great Naticntl kuseum, 
his efforts to secure specimens were redoubled* 

Again the time was opportune, for the goTamment was 
just beginning its famous series of Pacific Hailroad Surveys, 
in the hope of finding a practical route from the Mississippi 
River to the Pacific. 

Not only were these several expeditions equipped by 
Baird with collecting outfits, not only were one or more men 
on each instructed for the work, but in most cases the choice 
of the naturalist or surgeon-naturalist was delegated to him. 



This was his golden opportunity and he utilized it to 
th« utmost, calling on friends end correspondats at home and 
abroad, and setting in motion the ponderous machineiy of the 
gOTerawnt - the Army, the Navy, end the cirilian branches - 
to aid in bringing in materials. His method was not that of 

the officifll nYi;}nr but of the parinnjil fp nftn] 

ind when one finds among his deroted helpers such luminous 
names as those of ?arragut of the riavy. and of Abert, Abbot, 
anory, Itss. McClellan, karcy. Simpson. Sitgreaves. Scott. 
Thomas, Whipple, end Williamson of the Army, and of such 
surgeon naturelists as Doctors J. H. Clark, C.B.B.Kenrerly, 
Iffi.Gambel, J. 3. Nawberry, George Suckley, and Sanuel Woodhouse - 

/?S klJnSS'*?? S?'"" «>-'hing of the extent of his acquantenca. 
^knowledge of men, and the far reaching persuaaireness of his 

The resulting inflow of specimens and new information, 
pouring in in arar expanding proportions, was no less thrn orer- 
whelmiqg, involving a great increase in the correspondence, 
great labor in keeping collectors supplied with equipment, and- 
most importcnt of all-nece«?sitating an immediate preliminary 
exaninetion of the collections, for field naturali.^ts are 
impptient to learn the value of fceir coitrLbutions end must 
of course be encouraged. 

But this was by no neans all, for since at that time 
little was known of the natural history of the West, a Itrge 
proportion of the species sent in proved new to science and 
had to be worked up and described; moreover the reports of the 
field naturalists l^d to be corrected, edi ted. and sometimes rewritten. 


i i 




The vihole country was olive to the importence of 
these trfinscortinentel expeditions and eager for the results, 
so that prompt publication wte e necessity. And Baird'g share 
in the preparation of the resulting 13 fat quarto volumes 
with their attractive maps and illustrations was enounh to 
occupy an ordinary nan a lifetime. 

But Bt»ird was no ordinarv nan 


He srw that the time had arrived for c complete overhauling 
and rewriting of the technical nonof^raphic uorks on the various 
groups that go to make up our terrestria fauna, end was rpfdy 
tind easier for the cp.x^rtunity. Realizing perhaps tha he 
was the best qualified person in the world for the ttsk. he 
accepted as his share the preparation of the vcluines on Birds, 
i^mmals. and Heptiles. labor of this exactii^ kind demanded, 
but could not pos-ibly receive, fiis entire time. His davs 


were crowded with the pressii^ duties of his position at 

the Snithsonian so that his scientific work had to be done 

at home end at night. Five vears previously, in a letter ! 

to his friend George P. Marsh, he had spoken of working 

lii hours a d-6y in winter end 15 in suramer, but during the 

rush end pressure of the Pacific Railroad Eeports these long 

hours were materially increased. And it is a natter of record 

thct in the case of his renowned monographs of Imerican liammals 

and Birds, tJie text written one night frequently c^me back in i 

proof the next, while at the same time new text ted to be | 

continu£lly supplied, with no opportunity for the checking 

8nd revision of raanupcript which most of us find so essential. ; 

One cannot but envy the reserve power and intellectual 
strength that enable a man to cope successfully with en emergwicy 

of this diarecter. 

Baird's great monqgraphs set the clock of knowledge far 
ahead, laid a higher foundation for future research, and at once 


tock their place airjong the classics of sy»t emetic zoology. Probably 
no works by a single arthor ever exerted so stimulating an in- 
fluence on the naturalists of the tine. 

With the appearance of ttie Volume on Birds in 1858 began 
ifcat the late Illiott Coues designated ttie ' Bsirdian Period of 
Aliftrirftn Omitholgey ^ — a period that continued for nearly 30 years 
^^and was characterized by an activity of ornithological research 
and rapidity of advarrement without a parallel in the history of 
science". And our colleague. Dr. Leonhard Stejneger, writing 


nearly 40 years ago, contrasted what he called the ' Beirdian School ' , 

ith the older ' Buropean School ' . 
pointing out that while the latter requires the investigator to 

accept en author's conclusions on the strength of his word alone, 


the Beirdiar^ School furnishes the facts from which km may iAm4m 
his own deductions. 


\^ • 







Turning now to a Irter period (the early seventies) 
when Baird's major activities had been transferred from the 
lend to the see, a new impetiis was piven the study of equatic 
life, and it ceme to pass that under his guidance the knowledge 
of marine faunas grew as had previously grown the knowledge 
of terrestrial faunas, until the living things of both the 
Irnds end the waters of North America came to be better known 
than those of any other part of the world. 

Baird was of the type that make the best nttoralists. 
Beginning as a field collector and studait of birds and soon 
expanding his interests to include reptiles, brtrachians, 
fishes, fresh water nwllusks, fossil she lis, fossil bones, 
mammals, and plants, he acquired a deep understanding of the 
fauna and flora of his heme region, \iiich in turn created 
a thirst for broader knowledge, leading to collecting tripe 
in many states, to exchapges with many lends, to the bringing 
about of Natural History explorations in the Par West and 
the Par North, till his collections overflowed '^th represents- 
tives of the major pert of the vertebrate fauna of the continent 
In his studies of this material he became the keenest, ablest 
and most authoritative of ioxierican writers on vertebrate 
zoology. No other person had ever ccsmbined in equal degree 
the qualities of the successful museuia men with the high 
scientific attainments of the moncgrephcr of groups. 

It was fortunate for him and for us that he lived in — 
if in truth he did not bring about — the period of greatest 
activity in the history of the development of the natural 
history sciences in our country. 

We know the value of his personal contributions to 
systematic zoology, but we may never know the extent to 
which the progress and dignity of science in America are due 
to his influence and wisdon, especially in his relations 
with influential GovernMnt officials during the 30 years 
of his service in the Smithsonian Institution and Pish 

Hot can we measure the results of his encouragment 
8nd helpfulness in shaping the careers of the younger natur- 
alists, some of nhoB, no longer young, ere present this evening 
f^ no matter how busy — and he always was overwhelmed with 
work—Baird never begrudged the time given to the encoureg- 
aent of young men who were really in earnest. Host American 
naturalists of the generation now all too rapidly drawing 
to a close owe to him at least a part of their training; 
and much of their success, and realize how great a privilege 
it was to have been enrolled under his leadership. 

On an occasion of this kind one mcy be forgiven an 
indulgence in personal reminiscences. I, in common with 
perhaps two or three other naturalists here present tonight, 
owe to Baird much of ^atever we may have accomplished, 
particularly with reference to his advice and assistance in 
shaping the early part of our careers. 







It was Beird #10, 52 or 53 years ago, csked me if 1 would 
like to go West on one of the Govemrrient Expeditions, in reply 
to which I confided to him thct such was the ambition of my life; 
end e year or two later (in Msrch 1872) he notified me thet i 
had been appointed Neturalist of the Hayden Survey of the Terri- 
tories, in the course of which it was my privilep;e to visit the 
far West and incke collections of mommals and birds in the little 
known territories of Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, and Lontana. 

After my return it was Beird who gave me every facility for 
work in the ^Smithsonian building, and in the spring suggested a 
collecting trip to Florida, which I made early in 1873. This 
was in pert an offset, for Beird knew that I had set my heart 
on accepting a position on the Wheeler Expedition, to which my 
friend Henry W. iienshaw had been attached the previous year. 
Baird liad dissuaded i^e from going, insisting that if 1 went I 
would probably continue to go year after year and remain a 
collector of Natural Histcary specimens rather than become a 
trained naturalist. Instead, he urgec' me to go to the Sheffield 
Scientific School of Yfde where I would have the advantage of 
laboratory work crA lectures on ideology under Verrill, and in 
Bo tan/ under 3eton. His advice, in ^ich my father concurred, 
ULs follo-sed. and in 1875, whilo I was still at Yale, he eppointed 
me en .aasistfjrt in the Invertebrate laboratory of the U.S./ish 
Ccinmi''sicn at V/oods Hole. Here, hj a fortunate combination of 
circunsLaaces, 3anuel F. Gierke (later Professor of Zoology in 



' i 





Williams College) and I were put in charge of mudi of the 
seasorfs work with dredge and trawl on the steamer ^lue Light , 
and in the laboratory had t^ie privilege of workir^ eloigside 
of Alpheus Hyatt, Sidney I.Smith, end Tar le ton H. Bean. 

A year or two later it was the combined influence of 
Baird and Verrill that prompted me to draw out from the Utica 
Savings Bank all the money i had in the world in order to 
make e collecting trip for rare invertebrates in the Bay of 
?undy, taking with me Edmund B. T/ilson, then a boy, now DaCosta 
Professor of Biology in Columbia University. 

Again it was Baird who induced me to collect fishes 
in the Adirondack region of northern New fork and provided 
part of the necessary outfit. Still later it was with his 
cocpereticn thrt I visited the Newfoundland end Labrador 
Seal i?*ishery as Sorgeon on the sealing stealer ^ Proteus '. 
And fi nallv, it was his influence more than that of any other 
one person that induced Congress to make the initial appropria- 
tion for ornithological work in the Department of Agriculture, 
beginning July l,lddD, irtiich later developed into the present 
Biological Survey. 

Those of 183 who were closely associated with Baird 
are sure to recall many acts of thoughtful kindness. One of 
these occurred during the winter of 1872-73 when G. Brown Goode 
end I were working in the basement labvrinths of the Smithsoaian 
Suddenly, to our astonishment and joy, Professor Beird appeared, 
bringing the renomied Louis Agassiz down/^to see what we were 
about"] Here, standing beside us, were the two greatest living 



^ M 

f I 







naturalistg; the two who bed done most to encoursge young men and 
to adTsnce the study of lietural History in Amerioa-the two men 
in all the world upon whom we looked with greatest reverence. 
In Natural History as elsewh.ere there £re guideposts 
to direct the steps of the explorer. Some of these in America- 
pillars rising conspicuously from the brof.d plain of knowledre- 
were Audubon. Agassiz. Baird. Sir John Hichprdson deserves a 
pliice iMong them but his researches were restricted to the . 
far north. 

Audubon was the pioneer, and 'Aile his personal labors 
were in the fields of Oniithology end kammalopj. the renius 
of his -.vritings end the mEf^nificence of his pairtirrs did much 
to arouse general interest in the llatnre-.l History sciences. 

Agassiz combined two quite distinct qualities— these 
cf the pctient inrestigstor and the popultir lecturer, erd 
with his genial manner and pleasing address, did more then 
any other man, before or since, to popularize the study cf 
Natural History. 

Baird or the other hfcnd, while a wise councilor end 
e born and leader, was persont^lly so rodest end shy 
that he never appeared on a public platform; a man of tireless 
eneiTgy, an enthusiastic collector, a critical etudent, an able 
delireator of the characters of animals, the best informed 
man in the world on the vertebrate faunas of horth America, 
he became, as sumnarized by the Slncyclopedi a Britanica, "the 
most representative general man of science in America". 

ThBt it should fall to the lot of one man to rise to 
the highest eminence in science as e result of the relue of 
his own contributions, and that this man should be chosen to 
occupy the highest position in the gift of science, is not 
in itself so strange; but that the personality and influence 
of this same man should prove so stimulating and far-reaching 
ee to create an amy of enthusiastic workers in the rarious 
fields of nfitural history, that it should enlist in behalf 
of his projects a multitude of civilians and high officials 
of the goremment. and that it should move the Congress of the 
United States to do his bidding, is a thing unprecedented in 
the history of science. 




1 I 



1 \ 

: I i 
i ^ 


W^ i 









Iderch 10,1523 




Reginald Atkinson 
183 Peckhfim Hye, 
London ,3.E.cE,Er^l£nd 

itear Sir: 

Thanks for your cetelog Ko.51 just received. 

In it i find titles of two bocks 7*iich I shell be 

glad to purchapp if you have not already sold them: 

Kelly .Across t he Roc ky Mountaing ^f rcE 
Hew York to GfiUfprnih Inr dnp IB.^P. 

Lanman .Ad/^ntuTgg i n th e W 1 1 48 Qf 

North Affler-ia&.l354. 

If you will kindly send thero with bill 
I will remit at once. 

Very truly yours , 






191S-16th Street 
March 13, 19E3 

Mr.Tmiiem E.Golby 
402 Mills BuildinR 
San i?rfnoi8CO, Oaiif . 

Deer tr. Colty: 

Thanks for your letter of the End inetant, on 
receipt of whddi I again wrote kr. Versteeg. This is the 
seccM or third ease this year in which I have referred 
nenhers of tt^e Sierra Club to your Committee on Kanes. 
if they wuli only get their names approved by your 
Committee before sending them to iiasriiiigton it wadd save 

lots of bother* 

I am interested in the Sierra Club cirwlar 
received this morning hut r^.ret to see two errors of state 
ment in the note on the '^propcsed Palm Canyon National 
tooDument". It is there stated that the three Canyons— 
p8lm» Andreas, and Murray— near Palm Springs, contain the 
only Washington Palais in America in their netural homes. 
This of course is an error as tiiere ere many palms and 



canyons on the opposite side of the desert >in what are 
commonly known as the Chukawalla Mountains, though parts 
of thp range have different local names. 

The other misstatement is that "no use viJiatever 
is made by them [the Indians] of the canyons". This is 
quite ccntrary to fact as the local Indians visit the cenj/ons 
for various purposes, particularly for the dates of the 
pelm9» which dates for thousands of years have fonned one 
of the chief elements of their food, corresponding to the 
use of the acorn farther north. 

Veiy truly yours. 





* >i 



,1 '^J 

Larch 13. 1£^ 

Mr. Ghcrles Granville Minifie 
15t0 Secraraento Street 
San Francisco, Calif ornifi 

Uj dear Sir: 

Thinks for your letter of inarch 7th jifit 
received. I note /our remark about the fact that the 
long ^rd Was^iington is printed in full by the cancelling 
stamp on the envelope /ou enclosed, but 1 think you 
failed to recpenize the fact that this is not the state 
of ftashirgton but the city, and therefore corresponds to 
the name ^fl ^^r?nglfj£C> Hence if your recoirmendaticn 
were adopted by the Poet Office it uould be necessary 
for the cancelling stamp to carry the words San yrancis cn 
CalilQrpJfi lgSS.^ith the month and date in the center. 
If 70u will print this out I think you will find that 
it could not be done without an unreasonable enlargement 
of tl)e cancelling stamp. 

But in ordinary use 1 am with you in the 
desire to see California spelled out* 

With best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 






karch 13,1923 

Dr. W. Barclay Stephens 
1250 Bay Street 
Alemeda, California 

Dear Joctcnr Stephens: 

Unfortunately th^e is no relief map of Kentucky. 
I have inquired at both the Geological Survey and the Land 
Office, neither of which has published any map of Kentucky. 
I then inquired of the Siarvey whether they had any quadrangles 
of the region about Paris. They replied that they had not 
and that the nearest sheet to Paris did not come nearer then 
Georgetown, «o this seems to leave you in about the same 
condition that I am in as tc the northwestern pert of 

The relief map of the United Strtes will be sent 
you shortly. 

I hope you made the pit) posed trip in Marin County 
with Hariy Allen, and wish I could have been with you. 

llizabeth is just finishing her visit with Dorothy 
and the graidchildren end will be home in a few days. Mean- 
irtiile Zenaida and I are thankful that the present rains are 
not snow^ ^^ 

With love to ^^ou all from us both. 

As ever yours. 






C«U*B* — Hf2 

March 14,1^23 

Hon. Cterles H. Burke 
Cominissicner Indien Affairs 
Washington, D.O. 

Ly dear Lr. Burke : 

Thiinks for your letter of thir 13th instant in 
reply to my inquiry of the 9th as to the application of your 
recent order to ttie HQ p\ Snake Dance, my previouB information 
haviiTg been derived solely from newspaper clippings. 

The last paraf^raph of your letter, stating, "I doubt 
if the civilization we urrfiold can iustifv a moral sanction 
of this performance^, raises the old question, ^Am I my "brother's 
keeper?** in viei;^ of the large nuct'er of radically d iff erent 
religions of the world, in view of the well known fact that 
tSie so-called christian religion represents the belief of only 
a fraction of tie world's populttion, end in view of fair play 
r^nd freedom in the mrtt^r of religious beliefs, is it right for 
the adherents cf any particular type of reli^ricn and of any 
particular code to try to force their particular beliefs down 
the throats cf those .rlic believe other. rise? 

I have read \nth interest the copies you were good 
enough to enclose of your tbflgage to Ir.lir.nq d^itad j^'ebruary 24^ 
and supplement to circular 1665 dated i?'ebruary 14, the latter 
embodying the views of certain missionaries in the Sioux country. 
In regard to the latter I quite agree with you that iteiM 2 and 3' 

are far too bigoted and drastic to be tolerated by a liberal 
self respecting Governmoit. 

Your mess£^e strikes me as in the main very good, though 
f do not concur in your statement that it is not right to 
handle poisonous snakes and that such things •'should be cnt 
aside and forgotten''. Nor do I like to see the implied threat 
at the bottom of the last paragraph. But your letter to me, 
aside from its reference to the Snake Dance and the use of the 
word supergtitious before ceremonials . strikes me as admirable 
and agrees entirely with my own feeling in the matter and with 
my advice to Indians during the past 25 or 30 years. 

While writing, you will pardon me if 1 allude again to 
a matter concerning which I wrote you about a fear ago, namely 
the use of the word Digger in a tribal sense, ts applied to one 
or mere Indiari tribes. You of course are aware that there is 
not end never has been any tribe of this name, vvhich has been applied 
promiscuously for about 75 years to dozens of tribes in various 
pfirts of the West from liliyoming, Idaho, and Utah, to the Pacific 
Co^st, and that it is not only meaningle?? but derogatory and 
obnoxious to the Indians thanselves. V<hy therefore should the 
(jovernment continue the use of a term which has in fact no 
excuse for existence and which the Indians regard as insulting? 
You of course do not need to be told that this is the sort of 
thing that creates or intensifies a feeling of hostility toward 

your bureau. 

Very truly yours. 






191S-16th Street 
March 14.1923 

lir Chfirles^S. Sloe n, Secretary 
w u^°f^^P^ic Boerd 
Washington, D.G. 

i)ear kr. Slcen: 

Hor9.vith I an enclosing for your file" 
Charles Granville kinifie's letters concernine the 
use of the word fisiUfim^ written in full, end 
my replies of ?ebni8ry 27 end wrdi 15. 

I am still holding the correspondence 
concerning n,^.es in the Higli Sierr. submitted by 

Very truly yours. 



n I. 


March 15.1922 

Miss Ine^ Ildligeod 

Goshen Street 
Oxford. U.G. 

My dear Miss Hob good: « 

Beplying to your letter of the 12th iflit«Bt 
I regret to eay that I have nsTer pabliehed any hooklet 
or other publication on the Birds of Alfcska. 

A book on this subject. by B, I. Nelson, was 
issued by the iudubon Society a few ywars ago. Whether 
dr not it is still aTailable I do not know, but this 
could be ascertained by addressing the President. 
Mr*. T.Gilbert Pearson. 1974 Broadway. New York City. 

Yery truly yours ^ 

f *- 






March 16,1523 

Dr. Gilbert Grosvenor Jr«9idont 
Natiotifel Geoerephic Society 
fashingtcn, B.C. 

Dear Mr. GrosTwicr; 

Tery «8ny therilcs for the 'bOTnd 
▼olWBS of the National (ieoeraphic Kagazine 
for the year 1922 #iich you have just sent me 
*ith the conpliirents of the Society, axd #iich. 
«s in previous years, I ah ell he Tery glad to 
take to ay suBBier home at Lagon it as, California^ 
#iere they will afford informetion end eutertain- 

■Bnt to mmj people. 

tittsting that your recent trip to 
Ber-aia did yea «ch good, and lith heat wiahea, 

taij truly jours. 

- tt. 


5 I? 










1919-16th Street 
lareh ^ .1923 

1>r. GObmrt Gro«T«ner.Pweid«t 
laticnal GMwraphio Soouty , 

laAicgton. JkCT. 

Dear Mr. GroarcuDr: 

U«r»mth I hmi yoa the mantes of 
the Animal MeetiBg held yesterday ia Eubbard *v 
HMorisl Hall. 

Tery tiuly yoar*. 










■ 1 
MiTIOSAi 1 6 B i P H I 6 3 I X T T 


lf0w>rial BaU. Mi 

MeetiBg called to order by Freeident Grwvwor 

In the abseDce of t^e Secretary (Mr. Aim tin) the Preaideot 
appointed Dr. Merrioi 3»or«tary pro tea. 

Preaent; Mr. C^.BaXl. Dr. P.Y.CoTille, Mr. Jdin Joy Idaon. 
Prof. J.Howard Gore, Geo. i.i.Greely, Dr. Gilhert GrcBTenor, 
Col. Lester Jones. Dr. C.flart Merriaa. Mr. George B. Patnea, 
Dr. George Otis SWth, Ohief Jnatice Taft. Dr. O.H.Titt«an. 

The BiDutea of the last Quarterly Me«ti% aere read and 

The Preaideot atatad that the preaent Mad^arahip of the 
'Society (including aubaeribara) nnai)ered 777,247. 

The reports of officars being in order » the Treasurer, 
John Joy Edaon, presented hia report, ahich aas scented and 
placed on file. 

The report of the Iditor was presen ted by llr. Grosranor. 

General Graely spoka of the importance of aigploration and 
research wozk not only for iia mm aake but in order to aaintain 
the reputation of tiie Society for carrying on aork of thia | 


The President atatad that ttiere aare at pivaant three 
expeditions in the field, one vdar F.B.Vulsin in Kvaichov and 
other parts of China, one mdar Profaaaor Joseph F.ftwk 

in unexplored sountaina of lonaaia, aoathwaatem China, one undar 
9r. Neil M. Judd in Cbaco Canyon, lea Mexico^ .^ 

f . 


The President presented bound copies j«rt froe the 
press of a 23 year Index to the Magazine, entitled 'CumaJ^tiva 
Index to the National Geogrq)hic Magazine 1899 to 1922 inclusive*. 

Xlection of officeia being in order, on Ktion of 
C.J.Bell, aeconded by Chief Justice Taft. the present officere 
were unanimously reelected. 

Professor Gore. Chair^n of the Co»ittee on the Cantignv 
M-orial, stated that the engineer in charge had reported that ' 
the water aorka. including aix hydrants in different parts 
of tha Tillage, aere in process of oonatruction and i^juld be 
coinpleted in May. and that the Maworiel fountain also aas in 
process of erection. 

!■ illustration of tha Maaorial Fountain aai exhibited, 
bearing the following inacripticn: 

Here at Cantigny on May 28.1918, the 
la^rican forcea won their firat rictoiy in the World far 
To them and to their heroic Alliee, the Naticnel Geo- 
graphic Society of North Africa dedicates this 
Meaiorial FoTflitein. 

At 5:15 the Meeting adjourned. 

J .^ 

Secretary pi:0L_t«. 












Maroh 19. 1923 


Seskatdieimn, Canada 




Dear Sir: 

fill yott kindly tell ■• ^otlMr or not 
tiMre is any truth in th« newsfepec refiort ^hat^ 

a trapper.naaod Carl Lrnn.iB yoflr region was killed 

-t bit 

}tj «ol\'e=> near Crae lake. 

» r 

Tary trulj youra. 



— V V 


o -^ 




•> w 

' I 







1 .1 





f I 

March 24.1923 



^f'^Mr. John Grwuy, Serrice Manager 

American Motors Corporation 
1 Plainfield, New Jersey 



->0 V ^SJ' 

My deer Sir: .. ^ 

. T9f ^ Thanks for your letter of the 20th instant 

inquiring about the perforiiance of my car since it nas tuned 

.. up /by your Mr. Bryant. 

Mr. Bi^ant was rery kind and helpful and did a lot 
r«f work Qo t|ia car^ particularly in ascertaining the cause 
and attempting to remedy the roar Aich the car has always male 
1*1 en striking an uneren place in the road. Ha located it between 
^ii^the gqs tank and its cover or guard. There are. as you knot, two 
heavy iron plates, one on each side, liich support this guard. 
By some error the hinder edge of these plates rub against the 
tank to such an extent that they have already worn down cffid 
indented the points of contact, implying that they will eventually 
wear through and ruin the tank. Mr. Bryant will tell you how he 
tried to remedy this by adjusting heavy pieces of canvas between 
the points of contact, but it was very difficult if not impossible 
to keep these in place. When running the car immediately after- 
ward i thought the trouble had been cured, but in a few days it 
returned and now the roar is the same as before, from which I 
infer that the pieces of canvas have slipped out of place. This 

is very distressing and I shall be obliged if y^^ ^iH kindly tcU. 
me how it may be remedied. 






e It 


J. G. #2 


The.^e was another trouble, with the oil feed. The 
gauge registered (?nly between 2 and 3 at 20 miles when the 
ei^ine was warm. Mr. Biyant and I both thought the oil I was 
™ing. Mobile Arc^ jJ O t W!?s '^ thin, so we got ^a can of Mobile A 
and made the change. Since *^on it has been doin^ better, the 
gauge registering about 4 or fr.«tween 3 ^d 4 when, iunning 20. 
Ib this enough, or does it indicail^© some partial impediment in 
the oil line? . ^- . . 

I have not yet tested theimiMeage per gallon but will 
try to do so in the near future and let yen know.ttie result. 

^I was disa|q)ointed not to see Mr. J^ymt agmn before 
he left the city. . "'. ^ 

When you succeed in establishing ^an agency or service 
station in this city I shall be greatly obliged if you will 
kindly let me know as early as possible. '*• t. -^^9^^ 

Very truly yodrs. 

- j:^.,jii^J 

*ffi T 



. -J^ 



"1 '♦ 


. 7 













I , 



B'tS^ ^ ..^ 

Marcb 24,1923 

u J- 


Mr«.Thekl8 M. Chenot 
2051 Olive Af«nue 
Loi^ Beech, California 

r 4- 

- rf T 



4- r iour letter of the 14th instant is et hand, 

\ V^ asking for •^ulle^tin #4 on The Mcrth Aaerican Paune". 
^ i thirti you have oonfuaed two different publicaticms. 


m Fanna Nq.4 ii 8 technical paper on the 



little striped Skunks and other sail asniials. 


. ^^' ,^ - But the>c is a Bulletin No*4 treating of 

c i»i the Prairie Groudk Squirrels or Speraophilea of the 

^.Mississippi Valley, hy Vernon Bailey, pibliahed 30 years 
ago and long since out of print* I regret therefore that 
all cannot, send you a copy. 

4 * 

^' '' V Bequests for publications of the Biological 
Surrey should be addressed to Dr. E.I.Nelson, Chief, 
Biological Surrey, Washington, ^.C. 

Very t raly yonrs , 






karch 24,1923 

A 4k 


» » 

^ k 


Dr. George H. Hill.Jr. 
Utah Agricultural College 
Logan, Utah 

Dear Doctor Hill: 

Thanks for your letter of tlie 14tb instant ; 

and for the trouble you have tekrff in shipping the- Grltzly 
skull. It arrired yesterday and 1 am rery glsi to hare it 
although, as you know, it is very badly dasMged. .!Wfis 
howeTer is no fault of yours or of the Boy Scout'e #io ;ifere 
good enou^ to make the long trip for itg reccTery. < 

A check for $25.00 » made out to:^|he Logan ^^roop 
No. 5, Boy Scouts of America, as you direct, wilA^be for- 
warded to you *out the 3rd or 4th of lpril*^>>ai5 e-^ ^-^ 

Thanking you for your kind offifsc- in ihla ,^ 
matter; without iHiich I could never hare seen this r« 


¥ery truly yours. 

JL -:i. . 3 r 

Ai> \> 113; 






March 24^923 

Dr. Gilbert Gro8T6nor 
laticmel Geographic Society 
fcahingtcn, B.CT 

My dear Doctor Groerenor: 


Beplying to your letter of the 20th intant nould say 
that I m Terj glad to knoi that you btb collecting biographical 
Mierial relating te Dr. ilexander Grahaa Bell, gdo of the 
ablest and best vn of oor gmeration. 

It^'gpBB mthoat s^ing that I shall be only too glad to 
help in any way I can. bat I muat admit that I am Tory poor in 

ibering stories, incidents, and anecdotes. I have been repeat* 
^ftdly urged to famish this m>rt of material in the case of 
C.K. Gilbert, lAo lived in oar hoase as a Meaber of the fmily 
for 19 years- It was hoailiating to find how little I coold 
remfefber of the kind of Baterisl desired. Howerer I will think 
about it an^ will look orer aoy notes I mmj have concerning 
the Wednesday erenings I was pririleged to enjoy at his hoae. 

George Kecnan, if his health would permit, strikes 
M as the nan of all men to write Dr. Bell's bicgiwphy. He 
certainly did a splendid piece of work in the case of the 
Uarriman biography. 

Taxy truly yours. 

■troh 25, 1923 

Wr Cterlse 3. Sloaas 
U«8 6#cgnphte Board 

Dear Ar Slmam: 

la the coarse of ttit wsekly dean-op of ^y orerleaded 

itik I tefw }wt disMTered yoor letter of the 19th Instant, enolo« 

wing oae tttm nisworth Bethel asking idiethtr the nana of a certain 

rirwr in Oelnrado whenXd be written Cnohara or Onohnraa* Please 

pardon the orersiglit. 

As stated by Mr Bethel* the omn wsi— to be one re- 

fwirii^ hMwledge as tn i^ther the wmm was givmi to no— iTirate 

a sa«Is 3F00I or several 3FOOII3-«and for ny part I do*nt see how 

are to find aat« Both fonutOachara and Cocharas) are correct. 

In lookii^ the word op in the Spaniah dictionary I fin 

•ooondnry aaadng I had not seen before « nssMly, *L^U.e-boards of 

;or wl^ol in an OTorsbot nill**» bat dmbt if tiiis has anything 

) ^ith th9 oase~idiioh seoas to be ono of the kind in whiok 

^yon pays your sonsy snd yon tnkss yoar dioiee*'^ 

TeT7 truly youw^ 


lonr oard and nr BotfaolBs letter art enclosed* 


March 26.1923 

March 27,1923 


Kfienel & Becker 
San Hafael, Calif. 

Dear Sirs: 

I expect to reach Oalifornia about ten 
days after this letter reaches you and shall be 
obliged if you will put my car in shape for the road 

I think you had better grind the Talre* 
and clean out the carborijand also drain and refill 
the crank case *i tb Monograia Mtdium. 

Please look orer the cht and attend to 

anything that needs attention 

With best wishes 

Very truly yours. 


-It would probably be well to put fresh grease in the 
wheel hubs and to clean out and refill the trans- 
mission and differential mth 600 W. 

Motor Yehiole Dent. 
Sacranento, California 

Dear Sirs: 

I wish to obtain the 1923 license plates for 
■y Cherrolet PB 50 1920 Touring Car. i*iich is in storage 
(and has been since October last) at the Cherrolet Agency 
of Kaenel £ Becker at San Rafael. 

The description of the car is as follows: 

Car #9496 
■igine #0.63532 

Begistered H.P.22 

Bore 3-11/16 

1922 Licenae #359151 

I expect to reach California about the middle 
of April. and shall be obliged if you will let me know as 
early as possible ifcat the license fee will be for the 
remainder of the current year. 

My operator's license is #445645, dated June 22.1920 

Yours rery truly. 






March 27,1923 

Mr. R.i.^all,MEnager 
ketropolitan Air Ooods oo. 
Athol, kessechusetts 

Dear Sir: 

Thanks for your letter of the 24th instant 
just received mth smple of material which looks good to ae. 

Unfortunately I cannot find the cat slog describing 
your tents ndtiich you s ant me some tiire ego, for which reason 
I as in doubt as to the type cf tent you have in mind. 
If you will kindly send me one of your catalogs by return 
mail I shall be greatly obliged. 

In your letter just received you refer to #2 
•8 "Umbrella Tent", but the photc^raphs submitted with 7'^r 
letter of November 29 show ^ half-wall-tent with side *nd 
top flaps. I «.»t to b. 3ure of the kird of tent before 


j^,^ #iiQ9 element i^ Importent just now as I expect 

to >^^® *>r California early in April. However, if we can 
decide on the tent before I go, you can ship it to my susBsr 
home at Lagunitas as soon as ready. 

Very truly youis . 



iiarch 27,1923 

Mr. John tlailliard 
203 Oalifomia Street 
San Prcncisco, Californf.a 

Dear Mr. Mailliard: 

Thanks for your letter of the 20th instent 
Jtwt received. 

I am glfid to know that th^ Academy is paying off 
$10,000 8 year on your loan even if it cranps some of the 
present activities. It is good business. 

And it is interesting also to know that the 
Aquarium is now nearing completion and that you will be 
able to unload upon it some of the salaries. I hare no 
doubt that the Aquarium will add msterially to public 
interest in the Acedeiny's affairs. 

We are expecting to return to California by the 
middle of April in the hope of completirg a lot of field 
work I was unable to finish last season. 

With kindest regards to you all. 

Very truly yours. 




t i 





March 28.1923 

Mr, Prank Bond. Chief CXerk 
General Lend Office 
Washington, D.C, 

Dear Mr. Bond: 

In connection witfr my wrk in the 
neighborhood of Round, Willits. antJ Long Valleys 
I Aoald like to purchase as many of the detailed 
Land Office plats as may be available in Townships 
18 North to 25 North. inclusiTe, Hmges 9 t(? 16 
i««t, iaoluiiTe. 

If you can have these sent me with 
bill I shall be greatly obliged^ 

Very truly yours. 




Merch 29.1923 

Mr. 3. A. Preble 
Biological Survey 
Washington. D.C. 

Dear Mr* Prelile: 

Replying to yours of the 28th instant 

in regjard to a ahipnent from Seattle on June 24. 

191d, would say that so far as 1 em aware I have 

never heard of John McCrary nor do I rewember that 

anyone of this name was ever connected with the 


Very truly yours, 




March 29,1923 

Dr. /rank il. Chapnrr. 

American Museam of hcturai' History 

Ne^ York City 

My deer Ch^^jiran: 

The receipt this morni.^g of your paper entitled 
Di^ .tr^cut ion of the Motmctg gf th^ (/enug licmotu^? impel? rae 
to drop work and ^er^d you 8 note of cor^ratulation end appreciatic^ 

it certainly gives a systematic' naturalist a 
thriil cf joy to receive from a fellow worker a paper on 
a little known group from a little known ref^ion in which, 
in addition to the tochnical descriptions, comparis^^ns, and 
niscelleneous remarks, one finds naps showing the knovk'H and 
in some c«ses the probable distributions of the various 
epocies, and at the beginning arjd end of the paper finds a 
suKi^iry of the important facts and generalizations concerning 
the ^rcup and its origin and subsequent extensions. 

Very truly yours. 



-JlT'-^ \ 










t " — 





lerch ii9,1923 

Mr. 2. A. Preble 
Biologicel Survey 

Washington. D.C. 

Dear lir. ?re\)le: 

Replying to yours of the 28th ir stent 
in reg^urd to a ahipient frt». Seat tie on June 24t 

191d, would say that sc far as i em aware I ^DBrm 
never heard of John McCrary nor dc I remember that 
anTone of til is name was ever eomiected with the 


Tery truly yours, 






Iterch 29,1923 

ihr. ifrank M. Ghapnrr 

A»ericon MussTzm of ! aturai' History 

Mew fork Citv 

Hy dear Qha |mn: 

The receipt this morni'-^g of your psper entitled 

Mi^trJLfcuiigJL_Ql_the Mot met 9 of the (? g ru8 itomotug irapel!^ me 

to drop icrk and ser»d you a note of corn^ratulation p.r£ appreciation 

It certrinly gives a systeraatic* naturalist a 
thri.ll cf joy to receive from a felloe worket^ £ paper on 
a little kncm group from a little known region in which* 
in addition to the technical descriptions, compe rising, and 
'riecellaneous reitierks, one finds rap? showing tte kno^^'n and 
in some cpses the probable distributions of the various 
species, and at the beginning and end of the paper finds a 
TOnmary of the important facts and generalizations concerning 
the group end ite origin arid subsequent extensions. 

Yery truly yours. 







Retake of Preceding Frame 



Merch 29.1923 

Mr. 3. A. Preble 
Biol9gic8l Survey 
Washington, D.C. 

Dear Ur. ?re\)le: 

Replying to jours of the 28th instant 

in regard to 8 ahipmerit fros Seattle on June 24, 

1916, would say that sc far as i am swere I htva 

never heard of John McCrary nor do I rofr^eraber that 

of til is name was ever connected vith the 

Survey . 

Very truly yours. 


Kerch 29,1923 

Dr. ifrank M. Chapnrr 

Aiieric:on Musstim of I.ctura? History 

New iork Citv 

My deer Chajiran: 

The receipt this ioorni.-Gg of your peper entitled 
Distribution of the Motmots of thf^ ^," e rns acmotug impels me 
to drop work end send you a note of corJIf^ratulation end appreciation 

It certainly gives a sjsteraatic' naturslist a 
thri.ll cf joy to receive from a fellow worker a paper on 
a little known group from a little known region in which, 
in addition to the technical descriptions, coinperi?^)ns, end 
niscelleneous remarks, one finds riips showing the kjiovk'jn and 
in some esses the probeble distrihitions of the various 
species, and at the beginning and end of the paper finds a 
summfiry of the important facts and generalizations concerning 
the group end its origin and subsequent extensions. 

Very truly yours. 


T.. ^ 

«-- ^Ci- 






Merch 29,1923 

Mr. I. 1. Preble 
Biologicel Siirre;/ 
Wash irii^ ton. D.O.*' 

Deer Mr. rreule: 

Seplyiiig to jours of the £8th instant 
in repsrd to a #iip©eiit from Seattle en Jun« 24 » 
1918, would say that so far ea 1 fim Bware I have 
ne'rer heerd of John McCrery nor dc I remember tiiet 
anfone of this name was sTer connected ^ith the 


Very truly yours, 



I 't 





\ ' 

March 29,1923 

Or. jfrank M. Chapncr. 

Aatrioan Itotvi of Kstora^ History 

ll»ir lork City 

Hy d«ar ChajHsn: 

'Sim recaipt this ■onarUg of yonr pa par antitlad 
DiBtribntion of th» Mflt«B^f| f}| ^]^f, [f-^nn Mwwti^^ impale aa 

to drop work and sand yon a neta of oo^rataLatioa and appraeiatien 

It carta inly girea a syatoMtitf naturalist a 
thrill cf joy to racaiva tnm a fallow voitar t paptr on 
a little knom group froa a little known ragiaii in which. 
in addition to the tec^.nieal itscriptioiif. oiNipiri0€»]»» and 
n^iecelleneoue reaarics, ooe fioda wmpw ahoviog the ^gmm and 
in aone ceaea the probable dialxibationa of the TariMa 
epaoiea, and at the beginning and end of the paper fiada a 
fmmmrj of the important facta md generalizationa cwcerniag 
the group and ite origin and aabaeqaent eztenaiona. 

Tory truly youra. 


^"^ tH^ ft 


eroKe oi 



ding Frame 


March 30.19S3 

Mr. Charles G. Minifie 
1590 oacramento Street 
San Frencisco, Calif. 

My dear Mr. Minifie : 

Many thanks for your cou^rtesy in seeding ne 
recently several interesting publicatic^ns. I an particu- 
larly glad to see the pemphlet C^lifnmift Where Lifa ig 
Better , a publication brim full of infomstion.and one 
I had not before heard of. 

With best wishes. 

Very truly your» , 






Merch 30,1923 

Dr. •.. McK. Cattell 
•jarrison on Hudson, -.Y. 

Dear Prof esr 


herewit\i I am enclosing a brief note on 
the misase of 'the nord creation^ for publication in 
Science , provided you deem it of sufficient interest. 

Very truly yours. 






The word crfiSUon is scfflBtimes .^^ ' by ^t^ralists 
in e sense that is net onlj' inaccurate but whi'jh '76i. from 

the standpoint of the author's 

^ ■ .> 

' , IS actually 

misleading. I refer to its application ^ the mode of 
Q^^g^P of aniinpls or plants in a state of nature. 

Such use of the word is objectionable for two 
reasons: (l) It implies a sudden coming into existence, 
ignoring ancestry; (2) It implies the act of a superior 
power, for how can there be a creation without a q2 . ^i 

The proper meaning of the word as defined by 
leading lexicographers would seem to be free from ambi^ 
ftebsters definition is, **To bring into being; to caus- :;o 
exist, said especially of the diy2n«? f by which the world 
is regarded as brou/^t into being out of nothing". Similarly, 
the Century Dictionary definition is, *^To bring into being; 





• t^M 


cause to exist; specifically to produce without tto 
prior existence of the material used, or of other things 

like the thing produced; proda'oe out of nothing." Both 

authorities take their first exa»ple from the Bible: 

"In the beginning God created the heaven and the 

earth."Vln reference to the origin of liring organians. 

does it not go fdthout saying that the words 


deYfllopTnftntr (or eyoluticn) convey diametrically opposite 
HE Minings ^l» the one implying a sudden origin independent 
of ancestry; the other a graduel developrent from an 
antecede^ forml Then why should one use crflatior^ iten he 
means _deyelocment or evolution? 

In connection with ttie phantom of creation it 
may not be amiss to mention that the Mosaic conception 
of the origin of man as a definite act of a creator finds 
a close parallel in the beliefs of certain of our North 
American Indians. Thus, a California tribe holds that 


was created by three deities — the Coyote, the Bear 



•114 the Lizard. Coyote wanted man to be fashioned after 
himself: Lizard objected, insisting that man should 


fire fingers like himself, so that he could take hold of 
things; while Bear maintained that man should have 1 


flat hind feet in order that he mi^t staid erect. So they 
compromised. Bear giving man his hind feet. Lizard his five 

fingers. Coyote his mental alert 


This, like the Mosaic ccncet)tion, pictur 

es man 

as the result of e definite and deliberate act of creation. 
The circumstance that the Mosaic belief is monotheistic, 
the Indian belief polytheistic, is of no C(aseque;nce from 

the standpoint of man's origin, both agreeing that he 


created out of raw materials by a pre-existing deity or 


- <• 






March 31,1S23 

^ 5 

1 1 

Mr. I. P.BerthrcDg 

General Land Office ^ ► w 

ladiington, B.C. 

My dear Mr. Berthrong: 

^^ * *" - • 

Very manj ttanke for join- orartesy 

and proaptness in sadding the Lnd Office plats ' 
eaked for of the Boui Valley and Upper itossian 
River Eegion. I an lookiag them over and in a 
few days will retcm those not needed. 

I am particularly obliged to you for 
the blue prints of the Bound Valley Helinqoishments . 

Vary truly yours. 

Chainan Geographic Board 

I I 


April 2, 1923 

U* ~ 

Mr W. I. Adams, Accountant 
Smithsonian Institution 

Deer Mr Adams: 

Herewith i en/olose my expense eccount for the month 
of March, amounting \o $25,21; and also Touchers for Zanaida 
Merriam. a^^st. $I^.25; Madeline K. Pierson, stenographer, $130; 
•Bd LoffMiLUtafcij Troop 5,Boy Scouts of A«.| Grizily skull $25, 
which I sholl be obliged if you will kindly pay as usual from 

the Uarriman fimd* 

Tery truly yours. 









C. Hart UbTriam 

i.^19 Sixteenth Street, faflhington. D. C. 


Edward Denny, Hap of Mendocxno Co. , Calif, 
Underrood Typewriter Co. , Coupon Book 

illen'e Press Clipping Bureau 
Clippings on Indians .Bears .and Uouctain Lions 

American Anthropologist for 1923 

Canadian Pores try Ui^asine for 1923 

Elsctric current Feb.l9-Moh.20,$8,80 (1/3) 

Postage and enre lopes 

Cleaning office rooms, month of March 



•■ 2 

c r 

6 00 

3 00 
5 00 


— twenty- five 

twenty- one - - 





26 21 











Mr R. A. ihall.kgr. 
••trop. Air Goods Co 

Dear Sir: 

April 4, 1923 

Thnks for jour letter of March X, with samples of 
light weight neterial used in your uabrella tents. The?«e we 
like rery much, particularly the thirmer one, and the dark brown 
color is excellent. 

But the size you mention— 10 x It? — is too big for our 
use in rough mountain country, and the spreader arms would he too 
long for conrenient peeking. On the other hand the 7 x 7 is a 
little too sull to acceaHate 3 persons comfortably. Can yatfiiot 
make this tent in 8 x 8 or 8J x 8i ? Bither of these ^izes would 
gite enuf room and at the msm time would not be cumberson to handle. 
Shall be glad to hear from you as to this as early as conrenient. 

I had expected to go to California thi? week, but find 
that I will hare to be here another week. 

T#ry truly yourt^ 



» i 

April 8. 19L3 

Mr B.A.Whall. Hgr « 
Metropolitan Air Goods CcP* 
Athol, Massachusetts 

Bear Sir: 

Thanks for your promp.^ness in replying to mj letter 

of the 4th instant. 

I accept your offer to make ■• «^ «!*rella tent of the 
light weight broim goods of which you au>>nitted a sample, size 
at base 8 x 8^or 8i x ai, without ground clV'th. ?0B Athol for 
$45 less 20^ discount, making $36 net. for whi.'^h amount ay check 
is herewith enclosed. If this is correct kindly send receipt to 
my Washington address, as I shall not leaTe till the end of the 


Please send the tent by express charges collect, addres 

sed to ne at San Bafael ,..Marin_Coupty. California. 

Very truly yours. 

- > 



a \ 

»— ■ 

V * 



April 8, 1923 

Mr E. A.Whall, Mgr 
Metropolitan Air Goo 
/.thol, Massachusetts 

ds (^ 

Smt :^lT\ 

fpu w« fr.^ .rti^ n^rown/nets in rifljing to vj letttr 

Thanks for your pnmp*. «"^ « 

of the 4th iDf^tsnt. 

r 4 ••- ^#»^^* f#^ imVa i» tr* umbrella tent of the 
I eccept jour offer to mace " — .^ — 

light weight brc^ goods of which jou -a.^itted 8 semplr. size 
at base 8 x 8-; or 8^ x 3t. without gwwd clV>th. FOB Athol for 
145 less 20^ discount, making $36 net. for whu^h aMont Bj check 
is herewith enclosed. If this la correct kindly send rWJwipt to 
«y leshirgton address, as I shall not lawe till the end of the 

Please send the tent 1»y wzpnw chargea collect, aMraa 

t San T^fael, Msrin County, CelifoTBla. 
Yery truly joure, , 

led to ■• 


*^ AjK 

^ . ".-Mfc' \ 0t " * ^ - 

■^ ^. 


flk.^. ^.^.'' m- 





^ 0. 


Retake of Preceding Frame 




Dr 1b P. Bade 

Editor Sierra Club Bulletin 

2616 College Avenue, Berkeley 

Dear Doctor Bade': 

April 8, 1923 

When Mr Pranois Parquh^r of San Prancisco called here 
8 couple of months ago I mentioned that I had written an article 
on Jedediah Smith's route iron Salt Lake to California. He sug- 
gested that it might he> ayailahle for the Sierra Club Bulletin, but 
I thought not. as it, related only to the trip to Calif^n iif- 

Since then however I have been working on his route north 
in California, and particularly on his crossing of the Sierra. The 
result is the enclosed article, which, if you deem it appropriate, 
I shall be glad to have you publish in the Sierra Bulletin. 

Kindly address reply to me at Legunitas, where I expect to 
arrive about April 20. 

With best regards to Mrs Bade and yourself. 

Very truly yours. 

* 1 



By C. Hurt Iterriam 

The first white man known to have crosaed the Sierra 

levada was the indomitable fur hunter, Jedediah Smith, 

in the spriM of 1827 
Who succeeded^ in -^reaJcing throu^Ji the snowy barrier that 

covered the aore elevated parts of the range. 

Before his time, and to a limited extent since, Indians 
of several tribe* were in the habit of crossir^ tho sum- 
mit from one side to the other, chiefly for purposes 
of hunting or trading; and in the very long ago. colonies 
of Vongche from Owens Valley pressed through the lofly 
passes and established Ihemselves in some of the mountain 
valleys of the west slope, where thry have developed 
dialectic differences and have taken on independent 
tribal names. Such are the Nim of North Foxt Joaquin, 
the Holkosa of 'Jie Pine Ridge and Sycamore Creek region 



Smith 3 

Saltfa 2 

(a littl* north of Kings River) , the BntimMtgh . of 
Mill Creek near Dunlap. the Wukeache of Eehom 


Talley, and ihe Padoosha at Kaweah River in the neigh- ^ 
borhood of Three Fivers. 

Farther north, in the middle Sierra region, the Hono ^ 
Lake TCoo-tajL^he dik-kah (a braiich of the Nor them 

• « ' 

Piute) have long made a practice of climbing Bloody 
Cenyon and Mono PaBB in onier to vieit Tuolumne TIeadows 
for hunting and fiahing, and not infrequently descended ^^ 
the west slope a. far as Yosemite Talley to obtain acorns 
and to trade with the V^vbl Indians of that region, ' 

while contrawise, the -'oserdte Indians sometimes visited 
Mono Lake. Still farther north, the Wahshoo of Antelope. 
Carson, and Long Valleys were in the habit of yisiting 
the headwaters of streams that flow westerly to the 
Great Valley of California, and the northern Midoo of 








the west side sometimes visited the ecLst slope in the 
Honey Lake reigion and elsewheiB. 

The Spaniards and Tfexicans ,who had entered California 
from the south and held poBsession during the early 
part of the last century, played terrible havoc with 
the Indians of the lowlands but apparently had no 
appetite for hi^h places and are not Vjiown to have 
ventured into the deep fastnesses of the lofty Sierra* 

Hence, when in the early part of 1827 Jedediah 
Smith, who had come into California by way of the 
Mohave Desert, wished to cross over the mountains from 
the Sar. Joaquin Valley in order to join his partners 
near Great Salt Lake, he c^parently had no informa- 
tion as to the impenetrability of the rarge at that 
season of the year. It is not surprising therefore 
that in his first attempt to foroe a passage, which 


seems to have been in tae month of February, he lost 


Smith 4 

5 horses in the deep snows and w&e forced to return. 
He then worked northward alons the wes t flank of the 
Sierm (which he named Mount Joseph) and during the 
latter part of May succeeded in crossing, and 20 
days later reached the southwestern comer of Salt 


Af Ur joining his partners and before setting out 


on his return to California, he wrote an iinportar.t 
letter to General William Clark, then Superintendent 
of Iridian /f fairs but preTioualy the associate of 
Meriwether Lewis on the famous Lewie and Claric Eigp&- 
dition to the northwest coast in 1804 and 1806. 
This letter, which has become of great historic value, 
was dated "Little Lake of Bear River, July 12 . 1827'. 
In it he tells of his route over the unexplored deserte 
between Salt Lake and Southern California, and alBo. 


Spii th 5 

though much too briefly, of hie efforts to croas the 


Ihe le tter. particularly the latter part, mm harried 

by ^e departure of the partjr that carried it to St. 
Louis, for at the end he says: "The corpany 

are now 

starting; therefore must close f'is canminicetion." 
Ihis probably aocom^iJ for his failure to menUon 

that the two atten^^te to cross the »nowclad Si 


were separated in time by an interval of ajparently 
about three months . during which he had roved his party 
northward frca KijTg« Rirer to Anerioan River — a dis- 
tance of nearly 200 miles, and at least 300 a« th« 
party would naturally travel. 

That these two attempts were na de along widely 
separated^ routes spears to have been overlooked ly 
authors and therefore requires support. Ihat Hm 



Smith 6 

first atteo^t i^aa made on ICingiB HiTer 8 eons also to 
hav^ escaped notice, though prored ty his own 
statement, for he says: •On ny arriral at a River 
which I nairad the Wiin- mel*_che (najned after a Tribe 
of Indians who reside on it of that noim) I found 
a few Beaver. & Elk, Deer and Antelope in abundance. 

I here irade a sirall hunt, and attanpted to take 


party across the [mountains j which I before mentioned, 
& which I called Kount Joseph , to cone on and join 
my partners at the Great Salt Lake. - I found the 
snow 80 deepon ffount Josejii that I could not cross 
mj^ horses, five of wrddi starved to death. I was 
coicpelled therefore to return x^ the Valley which I 
had left. And there leaving ry party, I etarted 
with two iten . . . on the 20 h of May & succeeded 
in croseing it in 8 days.* 

The V^5>:mel-che Indiana lived qq Kir^a Rlrer - 
not nortti of it to the StaniBlaue. as interpreted by 
Bale . So there v^acld seem to be no room for .jueetion 
that hie fl ret endeavor to cross the mountains was 
made in the iinr.ediate neighborhood of Kings River. 
No «onder that he did not succeed, as the passes 
in this part of the hi^ Sierra are not open before 

Ihe next point of iaiportancd relates to the evi- 
dence that between his first and second atteo^ta 
he had ir.oved far to the northward along the western - 
foothillB of the Sierra — a distantfe of nearly 200 
miles. Fortunately the evidence of this is anple. 


no?»,^f*fftL^f* ^^ WitrilnhP Indians fonnerly lired 
r^<3?J oS"§?-^i^?**^'^ ¥^^' ^e strear which SmiS 
I"t3^:^.f^iA^°^i!.?^.^/^"^• ^? tribe dwelli,« on it. 

I take to be *e St^niTla^st-- -'^ me.Tte ?Ihl^'?imitii 
Exrlorations pp. 191-1C2 fcotnote. lois! ^^ ^'^^^ 

gion which in an air line is 'about 100 
the northern limit of their territory. 

laus re> 
rth of 




|I P<«> e 

00 na 

i8tiT« of both nape and printed records that are 

not open to (jueetiom. 

OallAtin's ' Uflc of the Indian Tribes of North America' 
publish^ in ia.6 hw a dotted line, labeled "J. B. 
Smith's route 1827' , croesii^ the Sierra in the 
American Eiver region; and the Bme ie tnie. except 
that the letterirg is omitted, in the revised edition 
of 1648; andWilkee' Kap of 'Upper California*. 1841. 
has a line captioned 'Smith's Irack'. starUng from 
the east baaa of the Sierra in the Lake Tahoe region 
and crossing the deeertB to Salt Lake — the three 
agreeii^ essentially in *e location of the route. 


would be expected froir the well known fact that 

both Gallatin and TR^ilkes had been giren the benefit 
of Smith's explorationse 

Tumir^ now from the evidence of mafs to other 


Sffith 9 

evidence, it appears that Smith on Hay 19, 1827 ~ the 
day before setting out to cross *lie Sierra — sent a 
letter to Padre Curan at i'ission Ser. Jose' — imflying 
that he was at no very ,c!;reat distance. [Mission San 
Jose is in an air line only 90 mllee frcii S/iith's ca^p 
on ^^rerican River.] Had he been in the Kings River 
region, he would naturally have written to one of the 
core southern missions. 

Albert GalUUn in his ' Synopsis o f Jj^^JrdlgiLlri^ ' 
published in 1836 in volume 2 of the Transactions of the 
American Anticiuarian Society, states that he had received 
from General Adiley (Jedediah Smith's senior partner) 
•a manuscript maf, accorrpanied with numerous explanatory 

notes, the materials for which consist of 

various journeys 

and explorations by sorre of our enteiprisir^ traders and 


tions', p.* 232,' 1918. 

» i 




Smith 10 

^EJt h. II 

hunters" (p. 140). On the next page he statee that the 
diecoTeriea Bouft and west of Great Salt Lake [which he 
ctdlB 'Lake TimrjenogpO belong princiiially to J. S. Smith. 
Continuing, he writes: "J. S. Smith descended the Eio 
Colorado of California, in the yefa-1626, as far south a« 
the thirty- fifth decree of north latitude. Proceeding 
thence weitwardly, he reached the Spar.ish MiBBicns of 

Spx Pedro and San Diego near the Pacif io« Ihe 


year, he yieited Vonterey and St. rrancisco; ascended 
the riyer Buenaventura some distance, end recrossed the 
Califomian chain of mountains . called there Mount 
Joseph, in about the tiiirty-ninth degree of latitude. 
He thence proceeded north of west Cobvious error for 
eaatj, and reached the southwestern extremity of Lake 
Tinipanogo. Die eastem foot of the Californian chain, 
where he recrossed it. is about one hundred ani eighty 


miles fru'M' the Pacific. 

ais infon^-^tion. fron: the high.est authority, sad 
based on Smith's ow^r. record a« trar^itted ty his 
partner. General Aehlsy. should of itself suffice to 
settle the geneiBl location C^f the rowte. But it seena 
to here been overlooked by r.opt of the authors who 
h&re written on Smith .' 

t>ale read it. hit wa« curiously confused, faillr^ 

to see that aallatin' 

« uee of the exj;res8ion "nor'th 

of west- woe a slip of the pen for'nor ft of 

accusing him of inaccuracy both in hi 

east', ana* 

8 n-^ and hie d»- 

ecripUo.n of the route, whereas, excepting for thi. 
rery con^on slip, Gallatin's description is correct. 
DaJe's weakness in the local geography of the region 




Smith 12 

is further shoim by his misidentification of the non- 
■ythical part of the BuenaTentum Firer as Air^rican 

Foric insteeLd of S 

to Eirer (p. 198 footnote). 

But this by no meanR conoludee the evidence, for 
•n article in the Sfl£.IjsiiciBCO_ Times of June 14, 1867, 
written to correct certain current errors as to Smith's 

nioTements. s^tes that on hie return trip to Salt 

Uk9 in 1827 he left his party on Arrerican Fork . 

T'urtheimore . we hare the authority of J. M- Guinn 
for the positive statement that Smith, before returning 
to Salt Lake, bad estaUished cartp near the place now 
known as Folscm , which is on the south barJc of 
American Riter in the edge of the foothills a^oout 20 
miles northeast of Sacramento. This was corroborated, 

Bancroft, Hist. Calif., Vol. 3, p. 153 (footnote), 1886. 

«^uinn, J. M.— Hist. Soc. So. Calif., Vol. 5, Pt. 4, 
p. 48. 1896. 





t ■• 

Sislth M 

80 far as Amer'ican Hyer is concarnad. bj' J. J* 
Wfiixner in his *Ratni\^i_ Bcences of Earl v Califp roja 

It eeema fair to aseu^ie that Ouirm would not have 
been eo specific in locating Sbith^a canip at FolBom 
had he not posseeBed authoritative infoiration on 
this point. 

In view of the evidence here aBs©cnbled it ciay be 


accepted as an estarlished fact that Snrith croBsed 

the Sierra in the neicrhbo ihood of Ar.erican River. 

But whether he chose the north or the south side ie 

not of record. However, eince an explorer of Smith's 
experience would not have made his second attenyt 
without a preliminary examinatioa of the country, 
aiid since the route on the north is far less 

difficult than that om the soutti and is the one 


Warner, J. J. — EcTx.ihiscences of Early California, 
Hist- Soc- So* Calif., Tol* 7. p. iBl, 1906w 




Srritii 14 

since c-osen, rot only by the rc.i] road, bjt 

\j C%^ Jk. *^"' ^'.*'* 

bf tfa» 


state and Lincoln hi.rhway8, T infer that he laid nic 

\^ \^ "w* 

rse along the ridge ^^tween Ar.eriCfcX PiTer sx.d 're 

"< r 


Note.- Sr.ith'B letter tc 
which the 
is preserve 

..XM.. « ^v.^.v.v.. WW ^eneral Williajrr. Clark frc^ 
auctationfl in the present article are taken* 
XB piOTQi^ed in the archiTes of the Office of Indian 
Affairs at Washington, to wbdch office, throue^^ the 
courtesy of Kr. C. T. Hauke, Chief lleiic, I am indebtc 
for a Tery perfect photostat copy. It is written in 
a rerrarkably clear mnd and is dated "Little LaJce of 
Bear RiTer, July 12 , 1827" — thus antedating bj^ 5 
days the copv published by Dale in *Ihe Ashley- Smith 
Ei^.l orations'^ iDp. 186-194. 1?18). I have not seen 
the original of^ the c^y published by Dale, nor the 

11. 1827, in 7/hic- it 
eprint differs 

* in the Indian 

niiwerous sir all detailsfroir the oriirinal 



April 8. 1923 

Dr John R. Swanton 
Editor AM. Anthropologist 
Washington, D.C. 

Deer Doctor Swanton: 


Herewith I am handing you a brief note on the term 

Hon- jgah*^.^ for publication in the Anthropologist, if you deem it of 
sufficient interest. 

Yery truly yours. 

I am expecting to leave for California within a week» to 
be gone till fall; hence please send proof addressed to me at 
Lagunitas, toarin County, Calif. 




The term Ni ^np- kahw was introduced into the liter- 
ature of ethnology by Stephen Powers in 1877, under the 
spelling Noan-kakhl T It was said to be the TTailakke * 
nme for the *Saias* triibs. Ify impression is that 
in this instance Powers* use of Tfailakki * was a slip 
of the pen for * ¥lYot * # members of which tribe hat* 

repeatedly giyen me the word Si- 


for a W^lf jtjke tribe (or tribes) in the Middle Eel 


RiTer r^ion. Be this as it zoayt Powers himself 

placed the ^ SaiftS ^ amcrg ihe Wilakke tribes, and 
there is no g^uestion as to the fact that southern 

Athapaskans were meant. 


*^ribeB of California, p. 124. 1877. 

The term Siag (rarioualy rendered as Saiaz. Siaa . Siah 
Siaw . i>ian . ana Siar) should be eliminated from the nomen- 
olature of ethnology. It ia a term loosely used by several 
tribes of lower Eel River, a^gij*, Humboldt Bay, Redwood 
Creek, and Lower Trinity regions, to indicate distant and 
little knowri people, and usually refers to Athapa skan 
tribes on the middle part of Eel River and ffie upper cart 
of van Duzen Rivar. 

f) « 




kahhl 2 

Thirty- six yea 

~C5 *■ f/5 ■?' 

■he public/i.i.ii.n of " 

h9 t«m 

by Poweri it wui rwlvtd. under the spell i 



Kon><atI , '05' Br. 

^ ♦ ■! ■•, r 
. V 

I. Soddard. .vro applied it 

specifically to an /^t.^i„^K%I- '•"-■'>« 


f "7:e lowtl^ 

Van DiJier. ' '^^^"•' 

I v 

"w * 

on I - r^^ i clarl}" fron "^^^ neirh- 

boriiood of Bnu^e?: 

alh and Middle 

r Creeks, (joddard ur ^ 


glT* it ea 


■£ c: 

^cr^^err diTis^cr of t./^? 

} nrr ^) r ; 1 v c •'* i 1 6 J * L jiB si k * 

In the course of iny fiel j wMt q/!0 
Athgp eetan^ tribee ef CcJifoiTia I ha? 

inquirxes about this word, and in seretml 


had it giren me without inq[uiry on ny ^ art It proTes 

to be a general or blanket 

used ty th ems el res 

n At.:ia[.askari iribee , fr^n- la^ 

i 'iiv-AjC-^ 

im« ^ :' *:^^ ro : ol ^«;'i at , '7^; ^ • 15 1 No. 
Also, Goddard ^jucted^jiy Lloud, 

vc i , 14 , 1. TK ' — < i'^./ o ^ ,4 y it) « 

4 ri. 703, Oct--r-ec. 1915. 

A Ut 

l&ffigd»i^ 3 

and Yi^ger Creek or the north to the northern border 
of Round Valley on the south, thus including the 

Obriouslf therefore, instead of being restricted 
to a particular tribe or diTision. it is a Bup_ertr.ib^ 
naa». The soutiwrr Atj-AP^ekan p say it is the name 
of their •|[aiioj:' — covering; all their tribes "between 
Round Valley wnA laqua. But they do not inclade tht 
Kahto of Lone and Cahto yalleys on ±e we^t. or tiie 
Hoc£ah and Hwilkut tribes on the north. 




'■ f{ p y.. r-, *-Y f2ty* 

r::.r; e n to ^f alley 

. ■. "•■•1;*" -■" ,•-.: . iev and on the ; i:iril<=i 
i'^^- -.': ':«■' ^^^'er .'iia the uppex- arte of the Van luze^" 
ena kad . ivere i-. a applierby Whites and In.-iian^ 7 ' " . , 

- ^ioutf.oi-r. ^r.:<r,r. ;:}-'.- tribes. How a word of Amtoc'-" 

northern •, • .:b") came to V TLil^^'ea 

xyiije miolly w.-^r-*-, 'f \-j^ 



April IJith, 1923 

Mr. A- U. Twitchell. 
Flat, Alaska. 

My Dear 3ir; 

Ycur letter of rebrucry 20th reached me only a ccuplo 
of days epc '-vb.ich is not stranne in vie\7 of the difficulty in 
the Tvkv of oettinp. mail thrcupji from, northern Alsskg in winter. 

It '^f^^ evif^ert from whet you sey that you had sent 
soT^e Ir^ear skulls Tiiich I had not seen. 1 tliereTora went to 
the iiUf^eum thi^ morrinr and exar.ined ell of the skulls r(«^cei7ed 
from voa since Jenur.ry l':^'^2. i find that the three skulls sent 

in kerch 1922 ^ere the ones paid for by check of ;?15.00 the 
first week of Mf.rch last. "This check axd my letter of about the 
same date had of course not reached ycu at the time you wrote. 

Another bf:*^'*^'' -->>ich i had not sef^n untij^jtoday ccn«i«ts 
of one skull from Man •%#•!. Vj Here end a she skuirTrbra Dis 

River. i?or these I am sendinp in a voucher for $13.00, a check 

for which will be sent you aboui the end of the month. This 

latter batch reac^ied the Biological 3urve.7 on January 12th but 
they forgot to notify me of the ftctiso T had not seen them. 

Of the first b^tch (for ^lich $15.00 was sent you 
early in k^rch ) the two male skulls , both of which are ybung'-adults » 
both were rrther seriously injured, one having the ilcciuital ^ndyles 
OhODoed off, the other h^ving the Zygomatic Ardies ^cheek bones) 
broten off or gna-ved off, these injuries making the skulls much 
less valuable.' 

I am still purchasing grizzly skulls, though owing to 
the depletion of my fund I am not able to pay so much' for them as 

Regrettinp^ the delay and thanki'>' ycT i^i ycur onurtesy 
in the matter. 

Very truly yours. 


I '* 


April 12, 1923 

|r. I. P. Berthrong 
CUef Drafting Division 
General Land Office 

My diar Mr. Berthrong: 

I have just completed the examination 
of the 80 Land Office plats you were kind enough to send 
me in accordance with my request, and m returning 54 of 
thea herewith. The rem^^ining 26 I ai retaining, as they 
will be needed in connection with the work of the U. S* 
Geographic Board in regard to the nomenclature of streoie 
in northwestern California, particularly those tributary 
to the various branches of Bel River. 

Thanking you for your courtesy in the matter. 

Very truly yours 

Chainnan U. S. Geographic Board 





April 12th. 19E3. 

Mrs. D. 2. J?. Uaston, 3oc'y-Mgr. , 

The Uoimtsin Play, 

105(3 Phelan Bide... 

San Francisco, Gal i forms. 

My dear lirs. Easton: 

Your letter dated April 1st end addressed to Prof. John 
C. Merriam reached me a day or two ago. I do not wonder thrt you 
have the Merriams a little mixed. Prof. John C. terriam is 

President of the Cameoie Institution of V/eahington; C. Hfrt Merriam 
is the one connected mth the Smithsonian Institution ';o has been 
engaged for many years in the study of California Indians and their 


'. 'v^' 


I an now pecking to return to my California^T Lef.unitas 

and therefore am pressed for time. 

You ask as to the derivation of the name "Tamalpais". 
It is the Indian name for the mountain. The Indians of this region 

belong to the Hoo'-ko-e'-ko Tribe. They call their country Tanfel, 

end their name for mountain is Pi -is. . Their name for this par- 
ticular mountain is Tara'-msl-pi'-is,-»hich means simply their own mountain 
or the mountain of their country. The correct pronunciation is 

as accented above. The common statement that the name is of 

Spanish origin is utter nonsense. 

Page 8. 

No Indians every lived on. the mountain, although they had 
villages on several sides. In *Out of Doors* for April 1S16 

I published by request a brief article entitled 'Indian Names in 
the Ta ma Ip a i s Region'. 

In ISIO I published a book entitled, 'Dawn of the World: 
iiyths and lieird Teles told by Mewan Indians of California'. This 
book consists wholly of myths of the Mewan stock, the stock to which 
the tribe in question belongs. Teles of the Bodega Bey Indians 

ere given on peges 153 to 160. and of the Tomales Bay Indians on 
pages 198 to 205. 215-217. 224. 227-228, 2.?2-235. The latter 

include 'The^ Sun Woman of Tomales Bay', 'How Coyote-Man Discovered 
his Wife », and the 'Bock Giant of Tame Ipa is" - all obtained from the 
Hoc'-ko-e'-ko of Tomales Bay, Nicasio, end San Rafael. 

Should you desire additional information about the early 
Indians of the Tamelpais region, I shall be gled to reply so far as 
I may be able if you will address me at Lagunitas. which will be my 
headquarters during the next sij montfB. 

Veiy truly yours. 


-v ^ ^ 


April 13th. 1923. 

jjp./reerick H. Colburn, President, 
SIa V^""*" ueogruphic Roeearch Society, 
757 Smfer Street, ^ 

oan ?racisoo, Califcmia. 

^y dosjllrs. Colburn: 

^ Your letter of April 4th addressed to ne fct Legunitaa 

3' ^st arrived. I an now pecking to return to Legunitas -Aich 

"mj hefidquarters for the next six months. 

I am glad to learn of your actiyity in your efforts 
aecurt i«tional geographic names for features in the Kt. Lassen 
region, but p:^^, ^^ ^^^ submit to the Goyernmpnt Geographic Board 
the names of pe^^^jg g^i^^ ^^^^^ ^.^ ^^ expectation that they 
will be approred. Speaking personally, not as Chaimen of the 
Board. I would like ;, g,, the name of "Diller" attached to some 
prominert feature of th. t^^^^ „gion; in fact, twenty five years 
ago I naned a canyon on Mt 3hagta in his honor. 

The Indian nar.* of tW mountain, "YermanilTis that 
used by one of the tribes about ihe mountain, namely, the No'-to-koi- 
yo or Northeastern Mi'doo. Th«se people give the name as Tah-mahn- 

ne and also in the form Yah-mahn-nin, this being their :\ord for a>v^ 

The Ah-cho-mah-we end Mo-dei^se Tribes on Pit Biver 
call any mo un ta in Ah-ko ^and Mt . Lassen Yet-te'-cha-nah. The 

%^^i?°-lf«T« "ri^« of Hat Creek call any mountain A-ha-o,and Mt. 



Page 2. 

Lessen Per-rorf-e-ke-nah. 

The Yah-nah Tribe on the west side of 

Lassen call anj hi^ mountain ilqwfdieHnd-nah and Pow-che-mo 

I shall be glad to cxrsult with you when in San rVancisco 
but shall have to decline the kind invitation of your Society to give 
me a luncheon as I shall be greatly pressed for time and must pro- 
ceed at once to northern California on my arrival in the State. 

With best wishes for the success of your undertaking, 

Veiy truly yours. 




April 13, 1S£3. 

Ur. Luther J. Goldmen, 
Boise, Idaho. 
Deer Mr. Goldman: 

Refprrinp, again to the rn?;tter of the lava beds grizzly, 
I want to ask you once more to use your best endeavor to obtain soeci- 
mens. Of 8t leest a fully-adult male skull, durir^ the present season* 

I have not yet heard from you concerning the possibility 
of an error as to the sex of the skull you sent me sometime ago* It 
was labeled male but has the eppearence of a female. 

In your letter of Jcnurry 20 you say that I now have 
two skulls from this region. This i do not understand as I do not 

remanber heviqg received any prior to the last one. I remember that 

you shipped one from the Mendota some years ago, which unhappily was 
lost in Chicago by the express company. 

In defining species of bears it is necessary to have 
both sexes, particularly the old male, as it is the old mcle only that 
presents the characters of the species fully developed. 

I am leaving for Lagunitas in a few days, so kindly 
address me there during the summer. 

With best mshes^ 

Very truly yours. 

April 13, lS£i3. 

Mr. Kewton B. Drury, Secretary, 
Save the Redwoods League, 

killtV. "^HH^V-^ University of California. 
Berkeley. California. 

My dear Mr. Drury: 

Your letter of ipril 4, forwarded fiDm Xagunitas, 
has just reached me. 

I am pained to learn that the present owner of 
the Rust Hedwood Qrovp is beginning to cut along the Bel River 
highway. This surely is bad news and goes to confirm the 
fear I have had all along that in the effort to save the 
RedTPDods on South Fork the beautiful forestson the main Eel 
were being neglected. 

I am now packing to return to Lagunitas for the 
summer and hope to see you in the near future. 

Very truly yours. 



April 13, 1923. 

Mr. C. 3. 31o8ne, oecretery, 
U. S. GeofiraJiic 3of>rd, 
Wa^ingtoii, i. U. 

Dear Mr. Sloene: 

This is merely to acknowledge recei ^.t of the 
list of Califorrie rcmeg submitted bj Dr. f. 2. liat^es of the 
Geographic Surrey and forwarded by you on April 9. 

Many of the names I am well acquainted with at 
present. Some of the others I will look up during the summer, 

Very truly yours. 



April 13, 1^23. 


Washington Post. 
Washington, d. (;• 

Deer Sir: 

Herewith I am enclosing a reply to an 
article #iich appeared in lest Sunday's Post under 
the title 'Citizens^jjrged, to^ Ai^ Change of_Mt. Itenier 

Very truly yours. 


91 S 


Tha Sunday Pog'^ of April S contains an Article by the Mount 
Taco^Ta '^lub of tha J^tata of '^af'hington antltlad ^'litisa ns ury:ad to 
aid '7han^3 of '^^ount Rairiiar to Tecota* . 

This 3urticld^ lii3 num.^roa3 othc^rs of si-uilax puirpcrtjie j[,art 
of an ap-frr^EcAv3 prcpa^a-^da in w'lich ths paapla of Tacona hav« 
bjan activily ^jr^a^^i^d for son^ yiai'S, in thj hoji of chaminf: tha 
long 38tabiishju nt^n^ of Vounw Rai^ijr, which darinr thj tsj^z 66 y-^ara 
has b33n thrica r^affimad by ohe Go^:jrmant Gyo^rarhic "^oard. 

Tha auV-^or bap-ins by Baying Ims would li<a to Icnow whai'a thr? 
Gaop^raphic Board dirivis its authority, and adda: "Thar^i xb no authori 

ty rrantad to affix na-n^s to natural obi acts, or to saj'- by rhat 
naiia any natural objact 8ho;dd ba call id**. This rjaris ctranfraly 
in viaT of the liacutiva ordar of January 23,19'36, signed >^7 
Theodora Rcceavalt, which 8ta':?s: "It is h3r3by ovdirdd. t^'at thara 
b« addad to thi dutias of tha Unitad *^tata8 Board on Gacftraphic 
'V^as... tha duty of datar^iinir^. chanrin^. and fixin;?; plara na^naa 
within tha United ?tataB a-^.d insular pop^nsssicng-. 

To a i-iivzon unacquai'^tad with tha facts, th^ artici:. saaoa 
strai^'htfor/rard and convincing. But it omitis s^varal vital facte 
which in fair play ehould hava baan givan, and -lakes p^-'aral stata- 
mants which ara, to say tha laaet, incorract. 

Tha article is a plaa for t^^^e 'raetoration' of wbat it^^ author 
calls tha ''crifrinal a--:d riphtfiil a<i;(i-d of tha moiintam: ^at as 
a mattar of fact, thi^B is aiactly what tha Tacoma pacA la do not want. 
For tha original a>-^d ri^-htful namasof Mount Rainiar i-, in the 


i ' 


l*ngu«g» of adjacent tribaa ar« <?n^„„u / 

-^ J uraoaa, ara ??Liquak (written also TiBwauJc) 

Tu-ah-lcu. and Pua.ahcusa. Dcaa any on. r...„,b.r h3arin^ any 
citizen of Taco.a pleading for tha raetoration of any of 'thaaa 

strictly ajplicaMa Indian na-naa** Or « ^ 

^n ..anas Or can any_ona racall an affort 

on tha part of any of tha inhahir«n-« «p t 

Annh.r)ioanu8 of Taco;na to rastor* 

Ko. w^.,, f..y ..„. 1, foat .>, n.« of cit,, Tacom- a fair 

na-na but ona far ra-noi/jfi ^m'r tu^ -^ • • , 

ranov^d lo-n tha original and rir^htful na-na of 

tH« .ountainVahall ha fixad upon tha ^^ountain. 

»'ow what ara tha facts as to tha ns--na Tacc-n^" T« ,-. 

c>, •^^"'* tacona In its various 

rem. (Tah= -ho-^X Ta-^ho-m. Tah^-.-ho-b.t.TaVvo-Vad. TakoV 
raeoV,a. a.a .= on) It 1. .,„ ,„own to V, a r,.,r^ or „„,ric 
na,. ,„nin^ •.no. ^oantain^ and a„li,d v, ,„,„, ,,i,,,, ,^^,^. 
of mdia,. to all -.iA .no. c.„.d f.ak. fro. .t.Bak.r n,ar th, 
"riU.^, bordor .outh to Mount Hood in Oregon. 

So^. ,«r. ^0 the Hon.O,ore. Oti, s„Uh, ,h,n in,,.tVating 
W, .».. ,rn j,.rt of ,Ha international bo.mdary b.t..,n Canada and 
th. United„, ,a. ,!„„ a jhotorraph of an old boundary .,ap 
.nt,dat.„e, ™.t of th. ,,f,l,,,nt. on .Mch h. .a. .u^ri.,d to ' 
find fn, i,,i,, ^^^ j^.^^^ ^^ ,^^^^^^^___ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^ 

undaniabl, tbat t>,;-;?,%e i, b, Indian, for Mount St.H,l,n. 
Mount Rainiar. and '-ount Ada™, ho. can any on, clai, it to b, 
•the original and rigntful na,.- o^ any particular ™untain.' 

Th, rood r,opl, of Tacom .,,, .o™tl,,. to forgat tbat tnay 
>r. not tb, cbo.en cu.todian. of tb, „,ni old ,o..ntaIn but t'-at 

J re 

it b.lon^s to all th. paopla of th. United Statae. It l.a.t thi. 

ra« tha Tlaw of -^onpr.s* w^n in 'farch 1899 it ••tabli.h.d tha'^Sffit 
Rainiar "atlonal Park, with "ount Ralniar as its culminating? glory. 
Thj casa hap arothar appact: "ount Rainiar tas namad by 
Oai-tain Vancouver .lora t^ar 130 vaarB a,ro. and for mor^ than a hun- 
drsd yasra haa V^ar anpravad on avary inrportant mp of waatam "orth 
Amarica. ard for the ea-na period has appaarad in tha traographiit. 
atlapsae. historias and othar documants ralatlng to tha Pacific 
•^oaet. ^hather publiahad in tha Onitad «tata«, Oanada, Ingland. 
franca. Garmny, Italy. Rusaia. Holland, ffpain. or aren in far <ff 
Arabia. No raographic f aatura Jn^any j^rt^f the world cy cl,rtn 
a pt.-n9 j^or-: fimly fiiad by right of diacoTary. by right of priority, 
by rig^t of intarnational uaaage. or by tha conspicuous place % 
holds on tha official charts of tha cXTilizad nations of the arth. 

-:;ar any ona pictur:. tha chaos in gaographic nooanclature tUt 
would raeult from changing tha names of^prominant landmarks of U 

^^'^^^'^ And is it not a fair question, whether the eititeas of any 

nation would daaij it th:. duty of their Geos^rsphic ^ard to perpe- 
tuate or to overthrow tha long astabliehed place na-nes of their 

c ountry' 




I 1 

April 13. IS:j3. 

Mr. i^\ H. rfulsin. 

c/o International Btinkinn GorDoration, 
Peking, China. "" 

My Dear Mr. Wul?in: 

lour letter datfto i^^ebmery J:4 reached me ebov.t a week 
ego and 1 was mifjhty p.lad tc liear from you. 

You seem to have h»4 your own trouble? in potting your 
outfit and necessary equipment tcpether. 

Ycu ask for su^f^estions. It is a little difficult for 
me to make suggef^tion^ of Tr;^] i;e, bcinr a f^trrnger tc the country and 
not knowing exfcctly i*iat info rnu^t ion you secured frca the Biological 
Survey. I assume, however, that 9 cm of the field collectors of 
the Survey showed you our standard collecting cheat in the form of 
a srnall trunk full of trays for use in pack mule erpeditions. I 
developed these chests some forty years ago and as new made they 
have been tried out in the Biological 3urvey for more than thirty* 
five years. The trays, of different depths from 1-1/2 tc 3'j serve 
for the safe transportation of skins of sm/dl mempials and birds. 

Your mammals evf^ likely to prove of special interest 
and I hope you will secure good series from the various localities 
in \^ich you are likely to camp. .As a rule sm5?ll mammals are 
most abundant along the brushy or grassy borders of streamB|bttt 
various species occur in all sorts of places and are greatly desired 






I -f^ruH- .-T - > '^ :;-u-..r?rj i :^h t:i-. ncce«?:^r7 pttlU 

^'^.^--!h i^-^ ^^^ b/ M-:) ■^••. rf t^f Binlrrioal ^urv?y. : robably 

thfy ^c. ] yen ,.^1 -y- L:fe fo^r i ': [^ the b^f)t b'-its, but in case 

t h if 'i- J ' f ^ r 1 oc kf' ; : i 

^: i i '^" *.t : ! 

i '. * 

». ; > 

f n **. >« 

T;eiit , >« rti cnlr.-rlv o^rts 
. ' •^-i,?re .»<--ia*^rf)aiy 'ttrpcti v? to 'octh 

1,7 r,.o., r>..!er.t«. byi f^-r x^i^^iv -it. j'»n.>n:l~ j-.rd regents sre 
by f-^r f.» f nc^t n<;r^err.u^ i " rrc^c-t .o.-'i-ii fi «« -.- r?.-/*^ ^'cunn sun- 


^ ow ir "r«,- c'^*=ep perk rind ^evY 

'.e^iV- Lt' '.,- r.!i r;i, ; ofr-not be of '"ur" "?•■"■.<» ttrioe fid 

Ve^y t. raiy your^. 





Pege 2. 

from the desert arees. 

I e,,u™ ttat ,ou av. .quipped »i th the necessary .„eU 
trap.suoh as used by fiel. „n ef ,h. Bioloeio.1 Surrey. Probably 
they told you ,bat ,e ha.e fou.d to be the best baits, but ir. o,., 
this ™s orerlooked I «11 „o,u„„ ,,,,, „^^^_ jertioulsrly ,>srt. 
of birds -rith feathers attach,d,are ^nderfuUy attracti,. ,'o both 
carnivorous and insectivorous .a«,ls and are greedily attacked also 
by nan, roder.ts. But for rodents in general- and regents are 
by far the mo.t numerous in «ost looaliti es „ ,e have found sun- 

flower seeds roll#>r^ n.^fo *•; ^ j • 

<3o^. roxied Odto, rice, and m some case? pork rind very 


Regretting that I cannot be of more assistance, and 
wita kindest regards tc Mrs. .Vulsin and yourself. 

Very truly yours. 

8 re 

^Pril 13, 1923, 

NJticnlwLV*-^''°^??"°?:' President, 
ftsticnal (jec/rrflDhic Society 

Deer Dr. Grosvenor: 

Very many thanks fo r you r co urtesy in h^vinp 
photographic copies made of .y ^p .h,^,^ ,,, ^^^^ ^/ 
Jedediah Smith fron Salt to southern C^lifo^ia. 
Your photographer has done beautiful woric - I never saw 
more perfect copies of any map. 

If you will kindly have a memorandum bill 
sent me I will remit at once. 

Very truly yours, 



April 13. 1923 

Mr. Harry 3, Allen, 

San i^Vancisoo, California. 

My Dear iiir. Allen: 

Thanks for your interesting letter about your new 
trail end other matters connected withyour region. 

Your suggestion to change the n£ane of Phoenix Lake 
to a native Indian name meaning 'Sleepy-water' is easy. The Hoo- 
koo-e-ko word for sleepy is A-sow-ah; the TOrd for water Keek; 
the word for lake Po-luk. so that the resulting nan.e might he either 
A-sow-ah Keek or A-sow-ah Fo-luk. 

But as to your 'masque* proposition, I lack all the 
requirements or imagination necessary to tackle such a question. 
You might, however, find suggestive material in the Myths and Tales 
of the ^o*-koo-e>ko Indians in my book entitled 'Daim of the World*. 

V¥e are now packing for California and hope to reach 
Lagunitas by or soon after the 20th. 

ii^fith best wishes and kindest regards from us all 
to you, Mrs. Allen and the children, 

As ever yours, 

*^ V.-. -^ i^^ " 

J f* .^m m ' 




f « 

April 13, li£3. 

Mrs. Kate Luckie, 
Hayfork, Gslifcrnin. 

My De^r Mrs. Luckie: 

Your letter -written in Jcnuary reached us eBright 
end we were veiy glad to heer from you and to know th?t vou re- 
ceived the scarf we sent for Xina?. We wr-re glnd to knc-v tlso 

thPt you were able to spond Xma?^ with your daughter vri her family. 

We have had a rether mild wirter for Washirptcn, wi th 
much less snow than we had last year. 

We ere now packinf^ to po to our sunrer hc^e at Lagunitast 
California, which we expect to make our headquarters during the 
nert sir months. We shall make several trips to the north Dnd 
hope to call on you again. 

With kindest regards to you rdl from Mrs. Merriam, 
my dau^ter, Zenaida, end myself, and with best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 

April 13, 1^3. 

A^;^^ "n^^?^ McParland. President, 
American Civic Assn., 

Washington. D. G. 

Dear Sir: 

Replying to your letter of the 11th 

inst. I regretTto say that I expect to be in California 
at the date rrntioned and therefore shall be unable 
to join your inspection trip or to help out^aking a 
car load of /juests. 

Very truly yours. 

e V, "^^ 

V >Ok.i>, 










April 13. 1623. 

Uy Dear Wallece: 

Thanks for your letter of March 29 introducting Mr. 
and Ur^. Wilkinson. They called a couple of days ago on their 
way to New Yoit and we were rery glad to meet them srri sorry we 
could not extend them some courtesies. But we are packing for 
California and hope to leave ir a f^w days for cur summer home 
at Lagunitas, Howeyer, Mrs. Wilkinson has relatircs here and is 
familiar with the city. We like them rery much and regret 
that we could not see more of them. 

Dorothy and her husband, Henry Abbot, and their two 
little children still live in Cambridge. Elizabeth, who simply 
adores her grcndchildren.has recently returned from a six weeks 
visit with them. 

Zenaida still lives witti us and will go tc California 
with us as usual in a few days. 

My old brother, Collins, #io was operated on for hernia 
at the rfatertown Hospital about six weeks ago, is here no?* visit- 
ing Florence and Vernon. 

I should like mightly to see you and your good wife 
and if either of you are in the Bay region during the next six 
months 1 hope you will let us know so that we can bring you out 
tc Lagunitas. We are away about half of the time on field trips 

U A^Page 2. 

in the north but if you telephone tc lagunitas (there is only one 
telephone there) you will be told whether or not we are at home. 

With best wishes to you both. 

As ever yours. 





April 13, 1923. 

g°lf «1 «: C, Bizer. Chief Clerk. 
U. o. beological Surrey . 
Washington, *>. C. 

Deer Colonel Hiser: 

I shall be greatly obliged to you if you will 
kindly send me for offical use two copies each of the Mt. 
lyell. Kaiser^and Mariposa quadrangles, and three copies' 
each of the Kearney Park. Preston Peak^and Saialsheets. 

If you have them for distributional shall be 
obliged if you will send me one copy each of the three follow- 
ing publications of the Survey: 

United States; P8rt^l!^&-RG!*Route!^'^°'^ °' ^'^^ "«^^«^° 
Western Oklahoma^^^'^'" ''^^'^' ^^vsiogrephic Pirvinces in 

Catering Places ^t^E^ ^^^: ^^,'^ ^^-^ 

Very truly yours. 

l^Til 13, 1923. 

Dr. P. 5. Matthea, 
Geological Surrey, 

ISesfiington. D. C. 
Dear Dr. Matthes: 

Mr. Sloane. Secretary of the Geographic Board 
has gent me a carbon copy of a list submitted by you of place 
nsmes in California concerning ^ich additional information 
is desired. 

1 am already familiar with a number of these 
and expect to secure information in ref^ard to others during 

the •ummer. 

In just occurs to me to call your attention to 
to a ^publication i#iich you may have missed, namely; 'North 
American Fauna. No. ?•, comprising my report on certain fea- 
tures of tt'e Death Valley expedition and containirg a very 
useful »List kP^ Localities Visited by the Death Valley Kxpedi« 
tion' by my assf^tent. Dr. T. S. Palmer (pnges 361-384). 

Wit^^ best wishes. 

Very truly yours. 



C. Hart lierrianj 

April 16, 1923 

tr W. I. Adams, Accountent 
Smithsonian Institution 
Wsshington, D. 0. 

Dear Mr Adams: 

I am going to Cplifomia the middle of this week and 
therefore |m enclosing my expense account for the first helf 
of the nonth^ and I shell be obliged also if you will kindly 
na-.e the usual adirence of $500 for field work, from the Har- 
rirasn fund, as usual. 

?rom now until October kindly address me et ny summer 
headquarters, Legunitas, California. 

Very truly youirs. 

ISIS Siitewth Street. Washington, D.C. 

fixpense account April 1-15, 1923 

April 10 Postage 

13 M. S. Pehler. Serrices as stenographer U day 
15 EH Ticket. Washington to SanPrancisco 
Pullman lower sleeper Washn-SanPrancisco 
Oharworaan, cleaning office rooms April 1-15 



5 00 


106 19 


31 50 


2 00 

Am enclosing also voucher for /.K.Twitchell, Plat, Alaska, 
for $18 for Grizzly Bear skulls. 

Until further notice please send Uiss Clemence' s pay checks to 
her et 1767 Lanier Place, Washington, D.C. 

One hundred, forty nine 

149 43 

forty three — - 




April 2'7,i923 

Deur Gertr.ide: 

At> Zaniuda. ^,ola you bef ors we left Waahin^.on, I have 
no Bteno»;rapner on+ he.-s t,da year and ra^'iar than get a Btmr^Q 
on9 ir- Sar Fr- • ■• -.30 jt occurred *.o nd tha*. poaaiLly & trip to 
California ri£;ht prove sufficiently alluring- to terapt you to risk 
a j ob wj th a cranky old njan. 

Mi' Kox.oBitir>n is thia: If yoi* can con© for a couple 
of aonthe, I will proviaa a rQt.u-n ticket with sleeper and meals 
but no »Klary. If you cordd stay anf^ther month I will neet your 
Utediington BcUan^for tne third .nonth. 

If you can come, let ma know jvlociee ag boon aB practica- 
ble, ara I will ^ord you a check for RR fare and expenses. 

le aliall bo mkine fi^ld trips all Bu.^er, bo I hope you 
are not averse to canning. 

With ref-ardc fron us all. 

Von,'' truly vours. 

Jlise Grertruae Ba^c/;er 
Washir^.on, D.C. 



y r. 





April 27, 192 


iir B. H. Maca 
Forest Sun«rviBor^ 
WeavdrviliQ, Caiil. 

Dear Mr Maca: 

W9 left California Tor Wtvshir^ton October 21. and retur- 
ned April 23--jUBt four days a^o. Ab usiuil, we fourii a cor.ple of 
8acK8 of Becond clasB ma..U barJcad un awaitinr. attention. I have 
been ROinc t}u•o.^e^^ this and ha.e just come to the big envelope aon- 
taining ym>r letter of Oc:tober 2f-, and acco..panyinG map, wnjdi our 
loc^l r^B^^naBter evidertiy rastook for printed mtfer and did net 

forward to Va -Idri^ton. 

This iP too bad. And yen muet have tho.^-^ it ni^^ity 
Btrar^;e that 1 failau to adinorledto your kindreBB arii trouble. 

There ib also another reason Vny I ror.ret the delay: 
At t^e lH.t rr.eet>nG of tr.e Goverr^nt Ge0oraph5u Bca-ri. just before 
I left Washir^-t-on. the Foreet Service, thro.^. Wi il C Barn.3(r. .^r. 
bar of the B...rd) broud-^t up this very caee with reccnr^er^ti ons 
from the ?or.^\ Sen-ice conc^rrJr^ the Boi RiV^r tro..tieB. A fav" 
of tha mu'jee were acted on, tixe ctnurB poBtponeu *.iU fall. T) e 


naiaea approvou (so far as I raneuiber) are: 

Tan Di'zen River 

nice ForK ft'^l Vt.^ ".*. ^„ . ,.. ,m^ v\r Xfn-r Vf i cf- vnu 
PcopotevTik for South Fork M-^aaio Fk i.or nuxu. ^ m 

eu^^ested Butte Creek ^ 
TiiOBa are all that I raceabar off :iar^- not b^ving the 

\^ .'_» V(Tk 

reccra nertj. 

I !' 


\ . 

Mac a 2 

Pco-pn-te-viik is the ruitive 'YUe* Indinn nai^^e for nhat 
the Roiu^ Vttiley people call South Fork Miatiia ForK. It seeded 
fittJiTtj tliat Ht least one of t/id ahcr/ginnl naiaeB be pre- 

Shell Oreak was not adopted, for two reaBonn: We wero 
not certain wliicli of the tvo haaus ie the rattm one, and the-e is 
another Sheix Cr^'sk, labeled "Shexl Mt. Cr^^dk' en your map imedia 
tely north of the head ol" Vaddle Fork, floirin^R; north to South Fork 

Tiis sn^eetion to c!iar^;e South Fo-k Kel (joiriir^ main Esl 
at I>/r^rv7ile) to West Fork E-jI, v.hilc loticai ixxid a-Birable if the 
ciu naroe wa£ rot r>o firriy ©stabliBht b^^ nsa^e, Aae left operx. The 
usa 01 tr.a oia rmw by the Redwooa Hio:i7;ray and Sa-e the RddwoodB 
Lea^'^iie, ana by the thousands of auto travelers ueinf^ the hif^iway 
now, would r.:ike Buch a chanr:e diffici;lte 

Again tiianking you for yoiir trouble in working on the 
uAiie, ai-u ru^jr^tting the delay of6 months in recievirig yoiir letter, 
and with Rintte^st rojjards to Mra Kace and yourealf , in whicli Mrs Mer- 
riaii) Mid rav cih^.,^ht6r jcin» 

fer^r tmly yoiiTB, 



May 1, \QP.?, 
Mr Arnold Krr.clcnKn 
Sacy-Treaa Lra^^no of Sont,hvv©Bt 
Los An^ftlee, Calif. 

Bjor Sir; 

Yorir tele^^a.. of 24, addrePBad >n ne at WaBhir^-ton, 
arrivea after nr/ departure «-rt -.ap 'n^^r, forwarded H^r^. 

For the noxt two or t>irea aon^lm I expact to be at work 
amonK the IndiM.s of th3 northern part of the State a.-.d an not 
that it will be prHcti cable to break awt-.y ttiti e.o to Santa Barhara 
at the tima of yoiu- meeting, Ji;ne 7-9. 

However, I will keer, the rjatter in mind and try to ehape 
my work a.cordir:.jly, hut car.not yet say how it will t.u-n out. 

J'y aadrees for tl^e neit six nrnths will be lA^'initae. • 

Vary tnily yonre, 



• jk 

; i 

Vky 1, 1923 

Dr WilliP" Frederick Bade 
Z?!*"' Collero Avenue, Berkeley 

Dear Doctor Btvde: 

Ver- nan^' ViiHTilcs for yoTir l3t*or of Arril ?P, just reed. 

It IB C"^ ^0 ^"^'^■*' ^''^^^ ''^^' ^-^^^ acco,-^pli Bhed so nucii in 
the wav of lftur'8 biofjraphy. It will ho a fine contribution and 
oT.e for w^.:ch you will have the tlmnks of a ni.ltitude of frier.Ofl. 

But It was a hue© 2^'^ '^'^'^ ^ ^^P" -"^" *'^ ^^ "'^^'^^ ^"® praa8' to 
hum/. Nothing worries a nan .nore than these everlaetin{' derrands 
:or work which the author feels not yet in sVpe ^^r the printer. 
For m part I like to let an article lie for ruontns before p + terTrt- 
in»' the final reviBion-bnt alf^.s, thiH is r.n* ai-ays irsBihle. 

ReplviriC to your in:iv.iry: Jai.e8 S. Merriar. of Ne?- Yrrk 
was -TTT father'a Vrot}ier. His son died so-no years am a-d on© of 
hie deuehtere is in Eneland. Hie other dft'-C'^+«*- 5^ in or near 
Fe-v York and I will try to locate her (I format her hueV.and'b r^r^e) 
and aae v.}iHt ahe knows about her fat^gr's letters. 

I tv. very f^lad you like ny article -.n Jedediaii Snitn'e 
cross? nf; of the Sierra, and v.unt to tharJc you fcr t\irnirc it over 
to llr C. Nalfccn Hack^t+Jtor publication in tne Bi-liotin. I would 
like to connect with him in regard to probable aate of proof, as 
I a^.i away in the field a lar;r,o part of the time. 

We wish you and Mra Baao nigiit drive over to see us while 

we are still at Lagvinitas. 

Wiin kind-iflt^rofiirds to you both, 

Ver** traly yours. 

.1 .'^>.- 




l*iy 1, l^?-3 

Mr W. I. Adaiis, Ar.oon'^tw'"* 

&T2 *^:s 0"i ar Irs* i ^:'^ti on 
^shJTT,^vor-, D.C. 

Dsar Mr Acla'Ts: 

Rnrawjt.h I am anclosi i\-r nry expense accoii/it for tl.e la*, tar 

half o'f April vrr^vnt^nc to $16S.'':5, and voucrer for Z^naida Mem an>intint' to $24.50, w*ii ch I eball ^s obi: red if you will kindly 
pay from t,hd Harritian Pi;i:il. 

Very truly yours. 

It is pt.ill sprinc h«ro now: Ti\a (^rix&z :6 yot /^reen and 
the wocxia tind fields ara full of flowers. I cn-nteri 27 Iris hlos- 
soias undar ons of our wjndo-./s, and 32 frotn one point on our road. 
There are hundreds of lu^-e Pritj liana lilieB about tiie nonae, and 
uhousands of orar^-e-yellor popples in the fields h,loif. TeBlclea 
hunareas of acres ^f luni.nas arid other nasn hnsson* of various 
colors. And there ar^ h-mdreue of wild Pi^e'^^B ^^ ^''® rodwr-Kls 
and spruce trtfes aboxit the house ovary day--and roostitv- here every 

And the bri^'^^t red r-t^drone trees r.&vs v;hite crowns 
from the -mltituaes of their lily-of-the-vaJley like flower*, while 
the tall lilac trees ar^ bri^sht rlie. It is a wonderful country 
in sprinf and I wish you could oe here to enjoy it. c*v— 




[JP^e-^ <x-|^ W A. fr^ of^x ^JuL ^, "^ifl 

C. Hart Ifomam 

LbA^unatftB, !.fa.rin Co., California 


Kxi^onr-^ Acco^int lor April .♦--.V), 1923 

10 n. rT.St^o'/. & ^o: .^ • lar.c Field JournalB P5 $]. 
19 BH,7-rr .^ out^ WHr^rnrv^-on 

Dinrar on Jhnirip: ciw 
1.0 Puxlrnti-, Prr^dT .Ef:*; Hcti.a* fiw»"a Ciuca^^«. ..^0 
2:. O^'dtit J)\.ii: Tt^ler'ri^Jn *o Si?n R%i'aelto rlava c:ui rr,auy 

Pul:'?^'^ Poi^cii, j^ B^>^'-a^:3 tr !v4..:Franc> bco .?t) 

^ .ici v;ox*K on (;£ur to 'w^y.: ra-i ''• "^"or- i\)hci 2 

^»^ Af'f'Ry R>i.M?foH: (J^^e^^ o^ ILsfc fror^ WaBni:>:lon 3 

ao' 0.0 Box oooKft from WfciHhi?>''^ on 4 

xio Faro Sv aHH*dej--Ser'»Fr^vrciPco & roturn 

V:nir,ii. Tomr^b, care, aaji.s^, g laror 
Ty ce*./ J. I w c.opy 1 r.^ - r i dI; on 

Field net>i. bookle*/6 

Toie^^rarr Athoi, Mi.^P. (i;aid OutJ^t) 

Jfea 1 ^^ U 7 . .; , t<'5^rt;ot Cci.i'b . 

A'^oropiie ii^^yrs^ for a.^-o 

Bx'o^ii ?;8.t /i>ronf tdnt. i o^ fjoid >;v.j[k $*-kr/ xot>fi i:.(l^- 

Aj. Idr/s P t^isb .*iipr>j rv'ft , LKiiH'-.b, B^j^^b, M^ L oxis 

S..r. nn Brre/Uti, lor i^*. 

On^ xit-Lruirari, siKi^y -^^o ) ) ) ) 

6ev^r>"^ '^.hrad 






































4 \ 


162 75 

' ' ^ ^''vi i U ' ^ .J^'* 

C. Hu.rt Ihrrivxi 



% ' 








laguniUiB, Ikrin Co., Californi 

Ex^yonsd Accoiint for April 15-7/), 1?23 

16 C. G.Stott & Ho; 3 blunk Field Journals & $1 . 
iy Bsk-f^^-e cut,¥--ton 1 1 i . 

Binrer or Dir.iri^ car 

20 PuilKhn PorZ3. .25; Hixj,Q-ntw>;tw-v CTiiioaix ..iO 
9x [;'■"«*' •"'^'-- T«iiWurn to San Ral'feelto riave c 

2t5 Jk^iB en rout,-, April ^0 ^o 

car ready 

J-Ul-ar: PuiLor, 1. Ba^;-a^:e tr SanFranc? rco .?.t) 
banKa.aai.-Kacnei & Becker .Storap-a, i^i.terinlB, 
era worK en car to nti^e ready for road 

24 Lag^nit^as: Ba^TaA-e j n 

26 kn Ry Exuibtts: C:^ est c^ Mse from Wa8nii^-ton 

o • m^^^ «« T.^^ ^^^ nooke from WaHhir^^ton 
do Fkro SanKatael-SfirPrRrcjeco & return 

Ip:ni'.i;.;^ points, care, a^liust, & laror 

Tyoer,Xittjr cop-^r^^ rir^l/or/ 

Telephona Dir^c;.ory ol Bay Countibfl 

Fieia main, bockio^s 

TaieKnirn Athol, Kfe.BB. (laeid outfit) 

Meal a 1.7 d; 8trt.t>t cars .tO 

A-JtoroPiie likiar.88 for i.^3o 

Browi W8L.:^rproni* t^ut lur .fjuid v.crk $^ 



AiJen b P/-«88^-K.I.iaaai.B, Rot^b, Mt Li ^,.s 
a\ir. to Ga.rie Brfe&u«:- lor 19,ci 































2 Oo 









162 73 

One hundrad, sH^y tw^o ) ) ) ) 

sever t2^ tlirea 


^'' I. 




May 4, 1923 

lire Stella M. Atwood 
Q04 WeRt llt]^ S^.reet 
Riversifle, California 

}i\;' daar }ts Atwood: 

Yotir letter of April 21 was forwarded hy rv/ sister and 
firds n^ at our siimer headqr.arters here at Ifictmi taoa . Vr Knickmane 
teli^rarn also was forwarded. 


I ara jiiat takiAC tihe field in northern dalifornia, wliich 
will be the scene of worK for the greater part of the next six inontl 
It IB imi.oBaible to say just where I sl-iall be early in Jime, but I 
doubt if I can break away to go to Southern California at that titae. 
Besiaos, I ara rusty on Siuthern Calif orrJ.a Indians and aii not liicel^' 
t^ r.^vi: ,.^f\i thpn a^ain till hft-* y^^?.r-rth9re is still so much to 
be done in the north. 

I never hoard how you cai^.e ovtt in the P/.e^l-^ Indian natter. 
If you made any reply to the Conrnittee Hearings I B>^ouid like to 
see what yon said. 

We are at our La/^initas place on and off, between f?eid 
trips, and the Postruister (who operates the Laruritas phone) always 
kno»78 .yhether ^e are here or away. So if you are in San Francisco 
during the a:iraraer and will phone La^^initas, if we are liera I sJiall 
be dolify^ited to roeet ynv, at S^iusalito or San Rafael and brinf; you 

up her 3. 

With kindest re^^ards, in which Ji^B Merriarn and Zenaida join^ 





i I 

*, \ 


!av 4, 1^23 

0. & C. J^rrick^ Coiqiany 
Springfidlu, Maas. 

i^ aear Sirs: 

Bepiyine: to your letter of April ?A, forwarded from 
Washinf^on, wot Id say t^at Grarrett PeaK, Wyoming, is not a new 
nane for Frenont Peak, but a different oeak altogether. 

Here in Calif orrxia I have no records to refer to, but if 
you will write to Frank Bond, tleneral Land Office, or (Tnarles S. 
Sloane, Census Office, Washington, I arn sure ynu can seciire the 
exact data 'jou wis**^. 

Very truly yours. 

Cmirraan U.S. Oeof^raphic Board 


Larr'i3t«8. Calif. 
Jfey 4. 1^23 

Mr C};arl>H S. Sloixr:rt 
Sftorcftar^' U.S. Troa-. Br-urd 
Can8'..H Office, WaaJiirv^^on 

Daiir Mr Slouna; 

TJift a. & C. ?.'9rria..n Cor-ipany, S-rincfield. l*>,os.. think 
the ncvne Trannatt Peak. Wira Rivar Rft^,;^, Wynnin.:, J. e. ne>7 na^e 
fcr Fr3r;o::t P.sax. Tins I ari pura Ja not an. hvt oi.f hera of 
coui6^ I iutve, notmrig tn refer to. Car, yor. pive then the facts' 

I BUiiJOBQ you saw rry reply on the VrAint Rainier natter 
in s'le Wa8hir,:ton Post of April IP, hut I douht if yo'; can tell 
me why the loft or.t roost of -r^y na?ne' 

T:-;e co-.ntn' here is •.«i..-,j f ;,i j„Bt r.ow--tha 
open country au^o in fresh groan grass with f 5 alas zt hri^ht color 
from r,n9 acrea of .'onpieB, b^itterc^ina, lupinee. .^^Uovis arid dozens 
of others; whiU tito forest floor about o.,r nlace xb a -lor. of^ of Irin. PVi^tiiari.H M:.«c, c.prl.* Oli.nt.onias and far too 
tnany others to en- ne rate. I Trjab vou were ners ^o enjoy then. 

With bast wi shaft, 

Very truly yrvxA^ 


I f 

« A>%> %• ^>*,» I £i^ , 

r?0^ * '^ 

- J -» •»• 

: I 




^'.r**! f 


na tPl« 

i 4 

^ J.? 1 

W (Siftrloa f5. <51o<ir.» 
SaGretcir-^ U.S. Goo-. Botvr.i 

Da Mr }t Slotm©: 

Tiia a. & C. -erria-! Cow^any, Sprir^f le id. I^os.. trdnk 
the, Peak, Wir. RWer R.^e, W.-onir^;. is a ne. ^.c,,^ 
fcr Frmio/it Peny.. This I ht^ ia not an. -Pt out hers cl 
ccuraa I }>.ve nothir,^ to r.r»r ^,o. Car ynu rave tv^er. *.,.9 fivctao 

I 8ui;i>os3 yo,; 0.^, iry reply nn the J'ount Pa? ruer natter 
in vie r,,^dr^,on Post of April l^ but I dnxxht if .r^r. can t«.U 
:r«9 why the i:ar;er loft or.t most nf n^y nar*"" 

*>/. ..^/'i 13 wona':)r. ,11, ••^c..;^:^.;l juBt r.rv/- -the 
open .ount- au...> in fr.ah ^o.n ^-ra.s ^ith fiela. of bri.;nt color 
frc^, the aore« of poppi3«, ontt^rans. lupinee, -^aliowa ar.d dozens 
of others; wh? Ir. Uo fores* floor arout o>.r plnca .« a /^lorv of 
fiooers of Ir:3. Fritr.ilari.H Ms.., ,^,.i.* Clirtonma and far too 
r-mny others to «n:i->erate. ' I wish you /.are her^ ^o en<ny ^hein. 

With b«B* vnBh.i.s, 

Var ' tr^ilv vrvra. 

^. ^ - 


• Ayoo^-K/4.iL*ii i fieOf:icr ^'^"^ .*-'* ' >n pjij 

» i 

Mr Geor-^e f?. (Jrant 

?i^r To-,:;r^^ ; Bureau, AAA 
San Frana^sco, Calif. 

Ify clrtar Mr frrant: 

The new narneB I prornjsed to give you for a c^nyle of i^oints 
on the Redwood Hi^^i^ay ix^e: Ket'-tin-tel'-be for Phillipsville", emd 
Ksrn-tee-c/io'-be for tha triangular space in the aaep band of Soutn 
ForiC Eal River m^r^ Myers roadhouee is locHr,ea(a little below the 
moutn of Elk Creek). 

Trie Bull Creek Redwood f^rove (on west side South Fork et 
^out>» of Bull Creok)hjis re^n named Lo-lar-ko Grove. All of these 
are native Indian nanes fcr the places mentioned and all have been 
apprcvaa and aaopted by the Gov eminent Geofrrapiiic Board. 

In looking over t.he Mann County Road 'mp I notice that 
the m,riB Par^r- Mi LI Cr is printed instead of Laf;;unita8 Cr batvreen 
Tocalf^m and Camp Taylor. The riime Lttg^.mitas Croak is correct, for 
the entira le?^)gt}i of the creek to its mouth in Tcwmlee Bay. On the 
sa-ie riap^ the naiae Nicaaio Creek is omitted and the inference is 
tnat Halleck Cre^ is the main stream, whereas Halleck is only a 
S(oali tributary. I suf^P-eet also that the position of Red Hill be 
indicated, as it is one of the bebt kao*vn landr^iarka on tliat rc^id. 
All tiieae points are rnarked on the I'lap I an enclosing. 

On yoiu- map of N Calif & SW Oregon a couple of naries are 
miB8x>0it, namely Korbel (not Corbell), arul Zenia (not Zena); and I 
would suggest the addition of Big Lagoon and Briceland. Sorry I 
haa ?niirked up this map with a batch of my tracks, but guess you 

an imvk^. -^^^t the nlaces inaicatad. 


^ H^ 

' WlftJk„IHs>fc. 







l» '• 






J4t3' o, 1923 

Dr Hartioy H. T. JaccBon 
Waahir^ton, D.C. 

Bdar Dr J&aicaon: 

Sorry I cannot y^ ,^t}i ^on all at the P^iilHuaipliia V^n-^l 
meeting, htit I f3.3l t/iat I a/a mora needea hara iirstil rtiy field .vork 
is finiaht. 

B'j the way: A locitl clnh her« hftP aek«»d "le ahor.t the de- 
tails of incorporating. Thie leads me to aa.c if you v^iil Kinaiy 
sand ryi a ccr^y of the Artioiea of Incori.oration and Constatutinn 
of the Society ol fcu^^a.^ti^'-a. If tie Ir.corpcrati on natter is 
not r.nntad, I ciiall of c^ rsa he f^lad to pay frr '-avir^ jf, tyjsd. 

Wa hqo that Mrs Jacke.-n lias ksr/. ri^l.t -.. inprovinp ^rd 
that she is far on the mad to i-^^r-r^na-i^ hoalt}:. 

WiUa kindost ret;ard8 to you I c*h, and to Urs Snydf.-, 

?ar^' truly yours. 

^ »^v*.js3^^ r* ■» . ~ -j 

■ 1 

! I 

t ^ 



t' ? ' 


Mny li, 1923 

Mr CharleB S Slocine 

Sscv^ U.S. (Jeographic Board 

WaEhiT}£-toii, D.C. 

Dear }!r Sloand: 

'' • * . 

On retc;r>une fron a trip north I find your latter of Iky 4 
ritL snclo8ui-e8 relating to t.he lei River nB+*<,r. 

I find no troublg anyvvhere, nor do I see anyt-hinf-; wrong in 
the d:)Gision8 of tiie Board of Ipril 4. 

Have r.T£uie eo™» pencil notes on the several letters arji an 

raturnino all to you by tlue nail. 

Ai'i ir a gr«at hurry as T7e are starting in less tlmn two 
ho'ors for an -ircent trip to the foothills of the northwestern part 
of Sacra-nanto Vallay, and our car is yat to be packed. Wish you 
wers hora to j^o alor^. 

^ery truly yours. 

I I 




, 1 

! i 



May PA, 1923 

Dr Jobapri Gr5nn9li 
Berkeley, California 

BdixT Dr (Jrirxnell: 

On retiirrir^ t,o La^nmitas from a field trip in the nor^h 
I find yo!ir lett^^ of the 9th instant, which I -r^snria went to Wash" 

Yes, J '^^^1 of courco he glad to contrihrto $Zb coward 
the cost of puhiication of the Santa Rit^. Mt^i Avifauna m caeo you 
succeed in securirvr eniif fyronisos to warrant t}io undertaking. Will 
sand c}»ack as soon as ^''ou let me know. 

Are not you ixrA Mrs Grrinnell going to Diake the Redwood 
highway tri^: t/J s bpring? In any case we hope you all vrill give 
us a call at Lb^jnitas hefore the country dries up. It certainly 
is lovely here now. But dont come without phoning first, to make 
sure that we are here, as we are away on trips fnljy half the tima. 
The people in the 8tore(who }iave the only phone m Lagunitas) always 
know whether wa are horie or away. 

With kind regards to you all, 

l^rf truly yours. 

t i 

Jfey 24, 1^23 

Mr li^ther J. CJoldnan 
Boise, Idalio 

Dear Groldr^^n: 

On return} r^ frota a field trif. to the north, I fir^d your 
letter of the 16th instant fro»n Poc^tello, and also the hox rf 3 
skulls you ware kind enu.f to send frrtr. ^he lava caves. ^Hiev are 
the Plains Wolf --two riiales and one female. I ai'i forwardirg them 
to tue Bi^l^'\S-^cal Burvey, ana ara enclosing herewith the aollar you 
spent for roail insurance. 

Glad you foimd the track of a Grizzly, showing that they 
are not yet extinct ia 5:hat region.. I most earnee^ly hcpo that 
you or youi' assistant will succoad in ge'^tir;g at ieae*. one. 

Wi ^]^ heB^ \Y? shea. 

Very truly yours. 



ii i 


I ^ 



May 26,1923 

Mr Httrry S. Alien 
121 Second St.rjoL 
Scki. Francisco, Citlif. 

Dear ML'' Allen: 

Yesterday's mail broi^jit a fine lot of clippings on Indian 
affairs, for vJiich I ar. obliged. And this reniinds ne that it is 
the first hatch of clippings I have received since ieavir^j Washing- 
ton on April 19. And the indistinctnoss of the Lag^Tjtas address 
on the enclosed envelopeCreoa. yesteroay) leads tne to fear tliat a 
previous sendin^-^ r^iy liave gono aistray. 

Ha^^e returned from nry secona trip to the nor-^h, and 
shall he setting out on another in the near future. 

Soiaa oi tixotiw ua^ b I hope to drop in on you in the city. 

With Kindest regards to you all. 

Very truly yours. 

! ) 

t ti 

.^.w ■ .* 

! i 

i \i 


^% 26, 1923. 
Hon. Hixbort Work 
Secretfjnr of the Interior 

lashir^.on, D.C. 
Dear Doctor Work; 

On returning *o ,^ su.^^ heHd,r^tere(l^-uritaa.n«Jif .) 
after a hat of fiela work H->.orr bo-^ of fv . • ' * ^-f 

Calif nr T .■ '^ ^'■^"''^ °^ northern 

Gaialorrua, I fma your iattor of H« in+i • . 

>ecoo« n . - . ^^ ''"•"^''''^ inviting .n^ tc 

Ucone o.e .. . r^K... ,er.ons to co..titute an Advisory Co.ncU 
on Indian affairs. ^ "<nc.i 

For 8 one years ^,ubt, nir ain hap Vo*.. .f« , , . 

• •' * ^•^'^ ■^'^'^ ^-^ vr.loBd, rather than 
to asijune nek autiea- rflv^r*>,«i«c- v 

X188, never .hemes, bocause cf my mtorest ir these 

iiaa^tsack people aM r.y rather intiniate knowledge 

0. iiiany trabes ,r. California a.xi Novada-a result of . .. . 

voua a reauxt at racre than 30 
years w/rx a.,or¥^ '►h^m. t . t ^ . 

nf, .haa.- I ear. glad to accept arui sr.,U ao „hut I 
can to hel])^ ^^v. x 

. , , . '^- ^"^^^ ^-^^ '.Bj^i,r, such an active 

"J j-xiians and I aan.eBtly hoca that ^nr.A 

•'' "^i^*^ "'■'iai. j=;ood cay cone 

raK..a«. .. „., .Uvo.-,^....,.,,,,,, ,., .„ _^ ^„ * 

that ona c.,«ot halp ..a^arinc .hat th, auto™ ..aul. 

Very truly yours, 


•r. ! 

May 50,1922 

Ml' kinoia Ki ;»ukrjcin 

Sec*;.; LbhGi^e of tiie Southwaot 

Lc£ hiii;blQB, Calirornici 

Ratumir^^ frnn field work ainorm some of our nor^Ji^rii ^.ril-cs 
I iii.a vour letters awaiting attjrxtioa. 

P rUl Ve inprac^.JcHhle for me to prepare .^ny addreBB for 
your Santd Barr^ara u^^tir^. Nev3r^halebi3 I shouia like nrich to ce 
tiiera u:.u iibten (.o wnat, le Ba:a in ralaMon to o\ir InQJans. 

But my Y/ork i^s far too preBsir^ to justify tha t]vie it 
would take to i;o arid coma and Bparia threa dayp tliere. If I knaw 
vhid-i day trie Indiar. natters would le disc^sr.od I would try to \)0 
there at that tiue, alt'ioi^^i I owi^ii to be in field attain. 

I dBB^.jj.e you have arraji^^jed w^-^h John P. Harrington, now 
conductir^e excavations at Santa Barbara, to give a talK. 

Regretting that it is inpracti cable tu cor^ly -^ith your 
r^L^ueb^. for an address, and with beet wishes for a succaosfrl 

^Qry truly yours. 




' t 



May 30,1922 

Suc'^' Lba/>a of the ScuthT»aiit 
Lc& Aii^y^las, Califcnua 

R^tiimin^;; fron field work aciorv; err^e of ovr nor\j\^v:i ^,ri'-cb 
I fii.a 2' our letters awaitirif, attantio... 

r 'v5Ii i-e inrrac'-.icaMe for na to prox^arr? .-ciy add^^esb f 
yoiir SartA Barhara Hoetir^. Nevartheibbi. I aii.>Jxa x^ic rtr^ch tr 
tliSTv^ u:.u ii3^j2-* Lc wnat le saia in reia*>on to our Ii-aiars. 

But niy woric ii> Tur 'co pr:ifc8.'t. *o juetif-/ tua ^ii-.o jt 
would taiC i lo ^0 and coiae ana Bf.a/Ai thraa da/p there. If I /.njy 
^..iicJ. oa: tre I-.diar. r^ttera wo^dd t^ diDc:spea I would try to jj 
there at that tiLia, alt}iu;^. I o^^jd to bo in the fieia a^c.:n. 

I c4auurr.9 I'ov nave arrarirsad v:?-:. J-:ir. P. Harring^tor-, now 
conducUr^[ oxcava^iona at Santa Barbara, to giva a taiic. 

Racrottiri^ that it 13 Jrxracticahit. ".^ uci.,.ly ;s,iui ycur 
re^'iieet f jr ar. address, and v^itii beet wishec for a s.icc*?^^;- i 

Vary truly yours. 


.^~ iV*-»'<V.'^..^<»^^ jj ^^ _ 






Jtty 30, 1923 

ILtb Stella M Atwood 
Riveraiae, Galir, 

Ify dwLr Mi^s Atwooa: 

Thanks for your letter of the 17th instant, whidi av/aitod 
oy return troui a field trip anong soroe of our northern Indians. 

Tne opportujiity t,o hear what may be saia at the Santa Bar- 
oara meetiiv^ is very tempting ana I may possibly go, thoiagh I o^ight 
to r«tiirn at once to the field. 

But it will be out of the queetl^n fcr me to preijare any 
}£i:sl of an adoress, so if I go it will be as a listener. 

I wa]it to txiank you particularly for your report in reply 
to th« Homer Snyder Hearir^s report. It helps greatly to turn on 
the li^^it. 

With best wishes, 

?ery truly yours. 

^ ^ 



^>rvV, W^ cL^ ^^^ \.Gl\X_ 


May 30, 1923 

C.^Jxini^ Executive Council 
Inaiar. Welfare League 
Lea Arj^dids, California 

Ify do&r Dr CoiiBtock: 

On ret^wr^:^ froa, a bit of fiald «ork among .one of our 
northarr. Indi.„H I fs^d yo.r lettar of lUy K awaitir^ attention. 
. It Will be impruotjcable for m to prepare any addreee 
for the Santa Barbara r^aotir^^ of «Mch you epeak. but 1 ar.ouid like 
to oa there to l.c^ ;.ut is said and to meet you ar^ others inter- 
efltea in California Indians. 

I an a^in overdue m r.he field but my ^o to Santa Bar- 
bara for t}ia dKv or. which the Inrtiar matters are to be di.cueeed 
if I learr in time which day that will be. 

Tery truly yours. 

i ■' 

. i 




May 31, 1923 


Mr J. Roaeribiii*g 
CaiTiackB, Y.T. 

Dear Sir: 

YoiiT letter of April 20 has Veen fon^arded r,o ma by the 

S?'it/iBoruan InBtitution. 

In raply, ^oula Bay that I ean Btill piirchasinc sinillB of 
Grizzlj BaarB, thoiiph I ai^i m longer ahle to pay as iiiUdi for them 
as I aici eaveral years a^o. 

For reasomriy perfect skulls oi old males labeled for 
%b0 iouility where killed, I now pay $10 to $15, according to a^e 
aaa conaition; for old leioaloB m good condition, aboi^t, $8. 

I:, case you send any, please tie a ta^; to each, statirig 
y^'here killc»d, and if knovm the sax ai^a apprcjarate data, and always 
aaa yoiir own name and address* 

Skulls snoulQ be carefully pacKed ana 8hii)pea by express, 
ciiargea ccliact, addressed : Biological Survey, Dept. Agriculture, 
WashiTigton, DX. Your ovm narie and address should be T^ritten on 
the outside oi ^he ;)ackb^e, as well ab on the, tag inBide. 

Very truly yours. 


;ay jl.19^ 

Dr JosBih (Jrinnell 
Berkeley, Calil. 

Bear Dr Grrxfjiall: 

Thanks for your letter of the 28th instant. I an deli^fh- 
ted no know ihat the response to your request for fur-ds for Avifauna 
Nc. 15 has been so prompt and generous. Herewith I aia ©nclosi*^ my 
coatribution of $2o --no aoknowleogment necessary. 

It ib 8(xaet/iirjf; to look for/.ard to, *xiat yo*^ and lit^or 
BrooKfl v^ill pay r^ a visit soon after his raturr to Berkele^^. Brcoks 
is one of tne real men for whom I lAve a gariane respect ar^ aOLii ra- 
ti on. AiiQ I thank you both will be glad to see the progrofis I 
have ruade on i.'^^ rdttps of the India]; tribes. 

With best wishes till I see you, 

Very truly ''^ours. 


' 1 ; I 



>% 31,1923 
Dr HttTtioy H. T. Jacjcson 

Washinf^^on, D.C, 
Ddar Doctor Jackson: 

fery r^any thanke for t^e tyj.ewritler. copy of the 
matter vchhaa for. It is juat, wii£»,t, ^e needed here and will be 
a fir^a^ hai].. I ai^ er.cicBir^ a small arioitji^ for whoever aid the 
ccpyinp;--a triiliiv^ remuneration. 

Waa Borry to miss the Philadelphia meetii^ aril an glad 
you ikta such a gooa c%ttemance, 

Haye rohUe t,N0 fiala ^iips since I wrote yo:; lae^, and on 
one ol then e;ot soraa nhctos of a ranarkarle Indiar c^remon^r which 
I aLi Biu'© you will be {-lad to see on nj rc^turn to lashington. 

Willi Ki/xieBt ri^Qxiaa from ue all tc ¥rB Jackson arjd yoiir- 


Very truly yoiira, 


i * 



tjj ior & Taylor 
JS^ M5s6ion St 
San Francisco 

Bstix Sirs: 

lU'e 3. 


Thanks lor your letter of yaBterday, The price you 
raentior for separates rather takes my breath awav. 

I shall be obliged therefore if you will reduce the 
Tivirmr of copies from 200 to 50, and would prefer ^o have then 

r'.m just aB printtKi in the Bulletin- -not re 

'%* • 

Piticuito Ber^ to rue at la^unitas. ,ftith bill, and I will 

remit promptly. 

▼ery tn^ly yours, 

I < 


J'.me 3, 1923 

Mr Alfred C. Gillis 
Indian Board of Cooi 
San mujcisco. Calu 

% dear Mr Gillie; 

Todays i-jail broughxt no a deii6)it.ful aurprise— yoiu- letter 
of the l»t inatant with nuioh priztd enclo8ij-38 concormrv'^ Wintccn 
naaes acd »ai'i oua other matterB, all of which are of much intsrost 
to n». 1 an jart.icriarly glad to have yoiir xTai'ias— the right nariee- 
for the Uo so called •Squtj.w" creeKB. And as I .old yoi: the other 
aay, I ahall do *til I g^j. tc induce the Gcv ernaent Ger^rapiuc Board 
to adoj.t the nam Iin^oon Butte for the •BlacK Bi.tta* just «e»t of 
Mo'int Sfia^ta. I aa obla^ea to you for lue si^u^dation. 

Pit Rifer was named from tna deer pits dv.^ by Indi 

ans on 

its upper co^j-se, and therefor- tiutes only one t^. Mo-i.t Pitt on 

tjia Orur.w. , 

^-.. . ue ras naiaod for a nan named Pitt, ana t.icrefore tak^s 

two ts. 

Mxon n«xt you are in the Bay rfjgion, drop ne & Ur.e ar^ 
1 ^lii iiv 4».i.ft ^jt you tv/Ai brir^ you up hare. 

With ranewed t^ianks for ^Tvr < 

■ t> 

i I 




f > 


Ur W. I. AatunB, Accoimtant 

June 3,1923 

Dear llr Aaaios: 

EncloB^ is my expaiise account fcr llay, aiuOiu:tir:g to $222. 2o 

and a vouciier for Btinaicta Merriazn, aHst, f or ^r!, which I shall le 

obiigad if you Viill pay as usual frota Lha Harrirrian fund. 

The account is unusriHlV'' heavy this tins because of the 
large aipendituras I was c^^llod upon to maKe in order to witness and 
photocrapii a v^rj yxti aordi nary cerononiai perforLiance of Wintoon 
origin in which cienbers of sona eight tribes took jmrt. It lasted 
o days and 3 nights and I took ova^* SO photograpb.B of t.he daytime 
costriines on the actors, hut I found .T^^self too old to stay up nights 
aiov^r ;.xj first nigiit (wnen I rerminea in the half-ur^argrovind round- 
nousa witn about 150 Indians till 3 in the morrar^) so my daue^hter 
stayed after I to crawl into m sleeping bar;. Tiia feather cos- 
tuiacjs are woiiderful and startlin^^;, particularly the headdresses, some 
of widen are nearly 6 feet across. 

Oil the 2a day two or tiiree white men carae with a pioving 
picture cai.aara and set it up arxl began tiirnirig the crank- -us if they 
0Y?ned tne v/hole thjng. But tjie Indians went after them pronto and 
told then to take out the film or they would throw the iiiachine into 
the river. Tney obeyed and the little Indian children arni-sed them- 
seizes by playir^g horse ^ith irtinareds of feet of exposed film! 

}!eanwhile I was busy taking pictures which I think you 


ill think worthwhile when I show ^.hera to you on nr; return. 

^ory truly yo^s, ^^_^^ 

C. Ha.-'. Mbrriam 

Lti^v^initab, ^ttrir. C^ . , Calif. 
Bxpense AccOwU/. i'^r ILi'j i^?o 



Mai 2 Fare SarPafadl-SanFraiiCjaco and reti^irr 

SF: Street cars .^'.0, Meals 1.7D; large pad .20 
SaiiKiiat>i:Spai*rov» Bi os.i^iaaixiiig car starter 
Ja^: 10 Kais @ 1^ 
7-iO Trii' to iiitanopdo Indians 

Fare, San Anseiiuo to Chico 

Pd IrdJarsrJacK Frar^^o ""jAiaelia Wilson 2; other 2 
Hv>i-.^x OaKn, Chico, Bocxn c da.b @ 2»l0 1 

MBai:i. - .*ri '8 Vb,' 7' 10 i:.ui fe 
Fc^ra, Chiob-ScLiiFrancieco $6.42;SF -Lagunitas .96 
11. f^anRKjHA- rKcijrdi h Becker, Greasing car 2 

io Fiid^en f.ailons ^-as ?^ 19 ^ , . 

^3-^1 Auto trip ;.00 odd iiilea to Grindstone Kancaeria 
to sue re-^'ihrica lo iiacred ceremony 
11 roils ti Lni P^ 20 

Pa Koroo Ina Kachil Roha. Sacrariento River 
Willows: 10 gala gas @ 20j,r,2.0o; d ^t3 oil .90 
Gixnafc.ona Rclia: Food contribution for India."^ mess 
«100 ii:;8 lio-r coffee, siv;;:ar, crackers, tooacco) 
Cash contribMiOii to Craefftcwara purchase oi beef) 
Cash to actoro. incl pri^^ale^se to .jncr.ograph 
Cash to hat ccllectionb uuritig acts or dances 
19 Pd Inds.Je^ae Ear-yebsa h rro,, Sites Ranchoria 
l;J-20 Pa I:^ SanDiefco Shotea at Stony Ford Rcha 

21 Wooaia^ia Garc^<-:n alHjdtin^^ car.o:v-" ^^li.^J^'^ . > 
15-21 Hotel k cam: i^enla 1^ oavs self k asstCZ.Merric^ij 
21 One new Kelly -S^.ringf? eld tire a tube 3 

Teief'-rain to Atnoi, Ilasn 

25 SanAnB^Lrio -SanFraaoisco h ret .bO- Street cars .£0 
Tirti v;adlook. h k-'s l.?bi nsals i.?r>, Garage ^o 

Volcarizing tires arid new flap 4 

24 Cl:i'-/es on 5 Wol: skuIIs from Bojse, Idaho ^ 

26 Sausalii.o to SanFranciscj ti r^i.irn b0,SLreeu cars -c:n 
Dinner 1.00, Sausalito garage ^0 _ ^ 

25-30 Faree k str.-^et cai's, Lagiuutas to San Caiios ^.o 
witness Po?T.o Cer einony 
Amission 50: Garafte T)0 .leals 4.b0 
Rooia, Car^wrifjh^ Hotel, SanFrancisco ^ 

50 San Aiifct^iiao: 10 ^^.als f^:as "' 19 

Sa.. Raladi: Ar. F^>.r .'^a ch,--s pK^^ from Athol flass ^ 
Po8rh/<'0,iaont,n of I/!a^'(incl stampt erv^lonesj 
Allans *r«88 Clippi^^,s for April I L^as k Bears; 
Alleis ^rass clippint^s for May ^ 
l&irbii & Co D^vc^lopir^: & printiTi^^; protos 




2 15 
1 OO 
1 90 


10 00 

7 50 

12 00 

7 38 
2 Eo 
E 09 

o 'yi 







10 00 












































222 £0 





> ▲< 






Bear Mietj Cieiatjnce: 

Jiu-ia 4, 1923 

CJiad to Baa yom- iettor of th629th May. wmch came yeeter- 
daw. We xiHve Utiia .onaerir^ wiiat hna oeco,r» of you, and I ^ae on 
th9 point of wirint^ you for the Vosemta Geoeraphic lists, *hicl. you 
w«ie to « aa aa aoon hb practicable after I ^aft. Tney .xave not 
yet arrived ^id it .ordd be foolish for ne to go to Yoaemta without 
than, as I wo-iid ha"e to go atjain. 

So far have Luen with about 6 tribaa and hav3 collected a 
fina lot of jriHtorial. Have practically ccA^i^Ud the boimdaries of 
tne f^crar-oanto Valley trr...^. u.<d also those of t.^e foothills to tna 
west, anu hava ,-ot a goou u^ai of additiomi ?or.o&n niaterjal. 

But ..arnapa ',r.o j-.oat iioportant of all was the privUe^e of 
attendir^g a o-aay-and-niglit cereraony of one of tne i.dddle foothills 
Wintoon trib«s, diu-in« which I tqoic about 60 phc ^ .o^iraphs . Three ' 
w.hit.jmeri oa:ue tne 2d dayUth a novine picture ca-nera and ..agan f,ak- 
ing pictiirea. The I..dians maafied aroiina t>iem aiia ordarad them to 
cpan ;.p u:m taice ou^. tiie fi Im, j^rxder penalty of liavir^ the mcl^iine 
a.^8hea ana tiiru^n into tne rivar. Txian tne li ttla Indian children 
ainuaa.1 r^ha^nseivea by .dayir^: horse with several hunoi-aa feeo of filrri. 

Tiie first .iij^xt I &.rtyi,a up till b, alter wnich tiia thing 
Kept aQohic till Slump. But aait nieiit I gave in before midnight 
and iu'.a to a^pena on Zer^ida for the rest. 

Pl««Ba pay the typewriter repair bill arid send receipt to 
me 80 I can put it in next account. 

No, A'e had not heard that Crertrude had been ill ard ara 
very sorry. 


Kav F. Cr. Ooiiett 
Exticir.iva ReproBan native 
Indiari Board of Cooneratrion 
IxfjV Hail Avdnrie.r?anFranc, 

June 4,1923 


Ify dear ?t Ooilett: 

'Hiitt.iiKB for yoxxr t-ela^none MssBa/jo ana iantar. I was sorry 
to uiiriB Eiidi: NorriB. She uast hc^ve gone hone sooner ^han expectaa. 

About tne irapendin^'^ ?5anta Barbara neetin^: I had not 
heard th^it there v^s a^^y intention of holding a me.^tirig of the net^ly 
appointed Advirtory Cwaoittee » but Bupposea .iiat Ir.aian natters v/^rc 
to ce or oii^iit up <%& a part oi the Scutliv/eBt intarastB. They put iLm 
on '.ria pro^^rajn in spite of the fact ttiat I wrote them tlmt if I 'n^X 
it would >^e all a listener ana that I womM not give an addrees. I 
have not yet fully deciaed, but nay go, 

A few days a^o someona sent nio tue first tv»o niiinners of 
the riaii forma Indian Herald. Thoy contain eo raudi inattar of intei 
est to rne that I wish to supacribe arjd ari anclosir^ horav^-ith $?.% 
for three copiss for the current year. Kindly have tliesa addrsasso 
to me at la^u-iitas, I //ant one copy to file whole, and two to 

cut up. 

Very truly yoVir&^ 



June 6,1923 

Dr Jonjn R. S)?9anton 
Editor Anthropol'vriflt 

a-nithsonian I:i3*i^'^^^i '^n 

D«ar Dr S^viirxton: 

In raadinc "^he lar-t niunher of the Anthropologist I wae 
movdd to call atte.ntion to certain easili'' avoidable errors the like 
of which too often rnar c\a-rent anthx op o logical Iztprfi-^rre. 

Hence I stj sending i^ou a little note which I trust may 
serve to ir^uce a^ithors to be a little r.ore careful in wriat they 


Fecently I ikui the good fortime to he invited to witness 
an Lidian cerw^iomal ^dance* air.onti tixe ir.oro- tains irsst nf the nor- 
thern iAU-t of t}iO Sfa.cran.ento Valley, to see which I drove v^' car 
more than fiOO railes. It proved to be a very remrkatle affair 
erd the feather clothir^; cfi the actors v-tiib nost spectacular. Sorie 
of ti.e i-'ja and f3at'idr hd^nddi-cfcHes were nearly '^ feet across, and 

the coloring; was BploiiCiid. 

I vvas pendtted to tako photographs and made over 80 
exposures, some of which I bl; you v/ill be glad to see on cry 
return to Washington in the fall. 

Yery traly yours. 


t X- 




»Ro:i?oiTs iD©TiJ?.TCATioNf? OF -nopPKP wnaj?.<i* yRor im 


The Octoher-Decenber 19£2 niuabar of tne*ui Ar.t^nro- 
pol ,UBt (jol.PA, -c 4, pp 597-451. publishac April 19Z6) contair^ 
an interasti.^ art.cla oy Willanm Q. liilln, er;tatied •Rxploiation 
of ".o,a)tL Hity (Jroup, Rosa Cou'ty, Onio*. 

Aiaoiii thri iliustrutions ar- several of copper "effitjiee" 
identifiea as \^i.n' , Or.e of ^heaa (ri^wa 1) i^^s tiie snort 
stronea, dao.u--ed bill of a:i eagie u:^ aoubtlass is correctly 
lafcalad. The jthar«, aa *uiy orxutholo^-iet can tell at a glance, 
are wror^iy identified. Thus lii^ure 37. L.,.3lad -ellir- of 
aagle ha^a" buowb tha relatively lorig strai^/it Ull, hooicou at 
the tip, of the co....ion Turkey Puzzari or VuUwe, whale figme 46 

labeled "offiru of eat^le iiada of ro. ■ «r<" ;,^» ts^ , 

o- ' of^xv iimio 01 co^^ar , iiH8 riassive hooked 

lill, notc};eu cUAi xobod dv oc.8e , characteristic of the pArrots. 

In addition to the bira effigias fi^r^aad. ^hera is a curicue 
eloncata object caliod "e.'/j,^ horn of f}.^ nour tain goaf .viuch 
bears no roserablarce vliatevar to tiia horn cl umt amiktl, uut 
vhicn 8;)&;o6t8., tliow^i by no means actually rasauhling tne horn 
of a .mountain shaap. It nay have .- aen co piea nfter scna Kind 

of a fossil, hut could not have bsan intenued to represent the 
ho n of any A«aerican -iaraaal. 

Tix<, :BiQ«ntificaticn8 to hicL u^tsrition is iiar« called are 
by no md^uis ura.iuo, for uriiappily ^.ho literaVui-a of anthropology' 
and arheoloQ' a* ouiias m Jiora or leaa aiiilar cases. 

To u iUvturttlist, tiie cociplacency wjtlx -...dcli certain 
aistiibuta /=a;aes of jaaraoias, -drds, axi reptiles in the lag. 
mterriijfr :,o fit^;i.ruo on pcttery a:id other objects is truly ap- 





palli.Tg--and it r-ilf^ht he added t^at iha publication of such easily 
avoided errors hardly tends to inapir© in an author's 
thorou,-;meB8 . Surely lersona familiar with the domnant types 
of our native litcum =ire ot so scare as to irrjply difficulty in 
obtidr-jrt' t,he correct rjui^R of lOcs*. of the ur.i rials figured. 

I riay be r-^doned for reiterating what T hnvo said i»tny 
tinea before, nwiely that since our T.idians are born naturalists— 
rjiVaralistB by inlioritance a: a aaily ttseociation^it seer-is atranre 
ihat our aciiools iji unujrcpoifjgy and arcrxeology fail to recog- 
nize t:ie ii'i-ortance of Boua prelimnary draining in natural history 

' m 












I bo 


June 12,1923 

Prof. Herbert E. Bolton 
Berkeley , Call f omi a 

Dear Doctor Bolton: 

A couple of years ago T wrote the enclosad article on 
Jedediah Smith's route from Salt Lake to California, and expected 
to take it to you and ask about the proper avenue of publication. 
But time flies and I hare been pushir^ field work. 

So I am now sending it and shall appreciate any sugges- 
tions you may h&re to make, either as to the substance of the paper 
or the probability of its acceptance for publication by one of the 
Historical journals. It is not so lor^ as it looks, being wide- 
spaced and on narrow paper. 

Ssdth's letter to (Jen. Clark , as published by Dale, has 
had 80 many liberties taken with it that it is by no means reliable 
to quote from as the source of most of the information we poBsess 
concerning this very remarkable expedition. And furthermore the 
copy here presented seems to be the earliest and most authentic 


known • 

I shall greatly appreciate your comnent and advice. 

¥ery truly yours, 






. fi-LJ^m^i S. SCIffi IN UTAH Al^l >iTADA U 1826 

By C. Htu-t Merriam 

In th« early fall of 1826 the daring a:^lorer and 
/ur-trader. Jedediah S. S.ith. led a e.all party on 
horseback fro. Salt Lake. Utah, to San Dieso. Calif. 

'>mi.. He appears t. have been the first white man to 
cross .he .a.t expanse of ^onknown doeerte between the 

Focky fountain region and eoutiiem California, aa he ^aM 

H]-o ^he -rst to crose the Sierra Nevada, which he did 

in U<v/ of the followir^ year. 

I^ere is ao.e ioubt a. to certain details of the route. 

but an hie letter to General WiHia.. Claxic. of Lewis and 

aarkJ'ane^.^^^Uten July 12. 1827.- he states: -Jfy general 







V- V ^, 

course on luavir^ the Salt liinu, wue South-W. & West"— end acde that 

after passia; Little Utan Ua^ h9 ajx^rced •Ashlfty's rivor^fnow ki.ov,n 
uB t/ie Sevier) which he orrcneoi.Bl^ eui.pobea to empty 5nto TTlah Lake. 
On thia river he fo-.ind • a Nf.tJon of Irdinna wLc call thensQlvea 
Sar^^dtcfi*. acuiinc, "tliay wore friemiy aisposed towards ue" T:.G8e 
•arc* u Utah tribe johabiti.^ Sevier ana San Pete vallsys ard no.v cotj- 
ffionly Citlioa Sanpeat laiians. 

After aecendii^j tho Sc\i8r--hcw far he does no* &rc'--'-.e cr-^+ir- 
uee:"I pa88<»d over a -^r^p rf MonnVJr.B niririm S.R. and N.r. ...a 
atrx^.rjf: e riv^r rv-rjur^ S.W. ^hich I called Au.uw Rjver . in con-li- 
ment to our Preaidtjnt. Tne water is of a miiddy uast, & is a little 
brackish -- the ooicitrjf is raoioitainous to Bast — towara tne W-st, 
there are Sandy plains and detadied Rocky Hills. Pasejaj^, dorr this 
river some distanoe, I fell in irjth a Nation of Indians who call the^ 
8?!>lvs& Pa Uiciie^ . these Indians, as well a? those last raenti .ned, 
wear rebcit skin robo8--vsrho raise so^Te little corn h Pnnrkins". 

Recent conrnentators, Chittenden in hin Arerican Piir Trade ^f f^e 
iy:_Ie§t(Vol.i,p 2b3, 190Z), Wagner in Adventiire§._qf Zerns Locjiax-d 
(footnote I 155, l-^fVi), Rioiuiian, *}ieiJl_oT_22 Spanish and Americiir 
Trails and RonteP* ir. hie hook entitled California under and 
Mexico, 1911, and atle in The.AsIijL^y-S~4th„ExpioretiQ (p 18^ foot- 
note, r.Jl>-) ^ftve identifiec. Adiyos. River as the Vircir, h-.iz I hc,lieve 
♦his tn he b.r error -^ . ..... ■■ ^ __ 

Srriitn'B y;r3tim cA v/ord f^a_ Riches ir. of course 5nfS?3iH"Tor 
"aJii^'Ches, thoivJi the t is not crnssna. H"- «ror, if ig ^>-i* + ep yrith 
a 8inf;le nprirh^. etrolc?, p? p-a all his t«g -ffhiiQ +,Virnn-^'ni)f t>ie '" 
.rTani'Rcript his 1'b are looped. In SnitPs letter to Clark as p-;b- 

^-%A- iV./''?P#\'r, ^^ NoT^velles ArnalfiP des Vr^ya^-res {?A aer. tol 7, 
p^P .?Oc-clc, xVZZ) th^ correct fom, Pe. Utche s. is riven. 


n \ 

■• ' 


^' Ar^^Uru.-:^-^ 

~f '--^^^ 

Smith 4 

an error and am certain that the streem in :iue8tion 
is the one now known a0 Meadow Yalley Wash and ita 
continuation the Muddy. Follovrinj: are my reasons: 

Sciith well Knefs that in order to reacn So.tthern 
Caiirornia i'roiA Salt lixice hxB ^^enarai joVirBe be to ^Jia 
8o*i^h?^e8t. .p S" - -w- -^3 


AJi^-UL_an ■_...■,.■ . . .aa,a in_io^^ 

In ascending t^© upper ^Viei^ the forbidding aspect 

of the escarpments and mountains on the east, south, and 

i% »d oae to seek a passage to 
the westwrrS. That Smith did this is proved by his own 
words, for he tells us that his generpl course was af*^ 


and «:, and adds: "I passed over a range of mountains 
running ;.B. c-i N.Yf. and struck a river running 3.W. 
which I cKlled Mflns_SizflX. in compliment to our Pres- 
ident.** AVirgin""RiT^^ces aut'lie in this direction. 

Its headwaters beingxioe south of and close to thos 


of the Sevier — both rising in canyons of the Marka- 


gu.nt Plateau, near its eastern front. "Sfbat st 
then could he have reeched? 

After crossing the mountains west of the upper 
Sevier, probably the Beaver Range, his course to the 
southwest end west lay over the open Bscalante Desert. 

No stranger traversing this Desert would attempt to 


Rout A of J'^'^ei^*^-^'*' ^ ^r^^ '-^ 

O w 

force a paspege through the mountains to the south, and 
fk)reover no waters from the desert flow southward, all 
the northern tributaries of the Virgin in this region 
being fehort streams flowing south from the southern 
slope of the divide. Hence the only river he could 
possibly have reached is Meadow 7alley Wash — for 
there is no other. Once on the Escalante Desert the 
lay of the lend leads naturally to the southwest and 
west as far as the low cedar hills of the Utah-Nevada 
boundary, beyond which lies the long north and south 
valley known as Meadow Valley Wash — which he probab- 
ly reached in the neighborhood of Panaca or Pioche. 


Thirty years ago I followed this same course myself 
on horseback, and it has since been adopted by the 
San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad — it 
being the natural passage to the southwest* 







* I 



oafoj %fs i,^rfpcr 

Boute of Jedediah L 
in Utah and Nevada in 


Sometime after crossing the mountains west of the 
Sevier, Smith described the country as 'hnountainous to 
the ^!aet; towards the West there are sandy plains and 
detached rocky hills.'' This is correct for the Escal- 
ante Desert and Meadow Valley Wash, but grossly incor- 
rect for any prrt of the Virgin. 

In order to have reached the upper waters of the 
then unknown Virgin River, Smith would have been obliged 
to depart from the direction he wished to take and con- 
tinue south up the Sevier to its very head, thus enter- 
ing the region of formidable cliffs and canyons of the 
Markagunt Plateau, instead of crossing, as he said 
he did, **a range of mountains running S.E. and N.W*'' — 
the mountains that separate the upper course of the 
Sevier from the valleys on the west that lead to the 
Escalante Desert. Furthermore, the part of the Vir- 
gin v*ich he could have reached and followed on horse- 



e of Jedad iah 3^. Smith 
"jh and Nevada in IflS^ 

back is so short that he could not possibly have marched 

down it for 12 days ~ or even half that number — 


less entangled in its marvelous canyons which, had he 
seen, he most certainly would have mentioned. And fi- 
nally, the main course of the Virgin to its junction 

with the Muddy being westerly and 

., he 

could not have described it as turning to the gQDthl*5^T 
two days* march from its junction with the Colorado. 
^About 10 days' narch down the stream "the river 
turns to the southeast." This just fits the Muddy, but 
is entirely wrong for the Virgin, as admitted by Dale, 
vrfio, mis identifying the stream as the Virgin, criticized 
Smith's directions es "confused and inadequate." Smith 
continued following the river "two day» further to 
T^ere it empties into the Seedekeeden", by ^Aich name» 
ordinarily written Seedskedee, the Colorado Biver and 

! f 






1 \ 


He ate of J.t^dedjpli ^.' Smith 

in Pt ah apd N9 I9 ^a i p 1 82 6 



its upper continuation the Green were then known. 

Referring again to the stream he nniied Adams River 
he srys: Passing down this river some distance, I fell 

in with 8 Ketion who call themselves £a 



adds, ^*here(about ten days march down it) the river 
turns to the South East." This is very important in- 
formation ES it iQpetes his position with remarkable 
exactness, for we know that the ' Pa-Utches ^-^ tidied 
E£jn[iaiia4^by the e?5rl7 Spanish explorers iGarceSj^ and 

Cortez — dwelt on the lower part of Meadow Talley 
Haeh and the adjacent part of the Muddy, and^know ^hto 


that this is where the stream turns to the southeast • 
Ifl-^oncltteiofi , the ref ore , it may "be -aeid wi th con- 


^ Nearly half e century after Snith's passage, Maior 
Powell visited the spme ^Indians , and in writing of tnem 
in connection with ther^us e^ of the term Eajm|l4t states: 
'^ut the Indians know only those on the Muddy by that 
name^ (Rept.Commr, Ind. Affairs for 1873, p. 45. 1874 . ) 





Jedediflh S.Smith 


That just at this point Smith chose the grays 1 
Hiesa several miles west of the stream bed instead of the 
less desirable course closer in, is obvious to anyone 
following this route on horseback, and is absolutely 
proved by the following interesting circumstance: 

In his letter to General Clark, Smith makes 
particular mention of a remarkable Salt Cave. After • 
having followed for sane time the stream he named 
Adams River and which I identify as Meadow Valley 
Wash, and after passing the £a. UljiLa^ India s, he 
states, ^Here (about 10 days march down it) the river 
turns to the South East". This would have brought 
him to the neither hood of the junction of the Muddy 
and Virgin- He then goes on to say, *^0n the 3. W. side 

of the river there is a fiajM. the entrance of which is 

about 10 or 15 feet hi^ & 5 or 6 feet in width— after 
descending about 15 feet, the room opens out from 25 to 
30 feet in length & 15 to EO feet in width. The roof, 
sides, & floor are solid Rocksalt". i ^s told of this 






Jadfldiah 3, Smith 


Salt Cave ^en I visited the region on horseback 
33 years ago. It is well known locally and is situ- 
ated about 5 miles southwest of the little place 
called St, Thomas in Clark County southeastern 
Nevada. In other words, it is on the gravel nesa 
a few miles west ani a little south of the junction 
of the Muddy and Virgin, thus explaining why the 

union of the two streams was not observed by Smith. 

It IB fiirigjUicvr how prooia .u.tit.ii^iy, t^ia alao 
haw bcLbiiy tney ai'd overioo/*6a. Aiione: ^iid precj :;;.u 
it.^anives of the Kasafiuri Hilton cai SocioLy le the 
journal 01 Harrison G. Rrw;t;r6, a viei'/ ^r oX Sciuth^a Rxjitt- 
aj-tioii. It «/a8 roBGuoa oy Smi^.h from the Indians who 
litui Ki ildu Ro^ora ir^ xoEo. a/ifl' puuiiaiit v Dale :ii hi a 
acco'u.\l jI c»i-v- Atoixxiy- S.oi fii dXploiiioxvyiiB. As would 
"cci exp^ctt^i, it ccnViiriB tiwd^a oi more t/ian ^'asainf; 
J L^: orlaacuj ^ fi>cinf; dates ana iocaiitias. Tn.'s under 
d«.i - oi Oct-^ner 1 ana Z Rogers locates the partv on 
•li.aay Rj|ier\ aim on Ocoorer o ana 2^ aad NovamLer 5, 
yn the'Si&xCKii^j'- -the na-qa ;isac1 by ^\Yii.ei^ arid trap- 
^STA for tne Coiorado. This not only conl'inns Snith*s 
route hut|ii30 iridicatas tnat not. ^^ithstandir^ nia Leb-.Of- 
ai cf the .jbiTi^ Acuk^ Rivdi ^a Ifeadov, Vaii^VjWaeh and 
th© MLiddy, otn^rs cl' t,ha ^arty actually A^'^^-vaS^ne rjmm 
ll;ddy RiVer. So far as i an aware t.hiB is tpa I'lrb^ 
*aoiiUjLon ci tiic *.^ae. 


The most important evidence after f^mith's own ac- 
count ia to be found in the maps of rreneral Gallatin 
(1836) and Cotnoander Wilkes (1841 ), in hoth of which tha 
f;80graphic results of i^nith's explorations are ^ncor- 


po'-ated/ Both show Adturm Riter in approxirmtaly trie 
right position for the ?feddy (so fnr as pan^iitted ! y *:he 
distorted course of the Colorado) while the straam now 
called the Virgin is neither named nor shown, except 
the few miles below the junction of the :uddv, which. 
being apparentlir a direct continuanon of the ^V.ddv 
Smith naturally roistook for it— he having nsTer seen 
any part of the Virgin ahore the junction, as alrr3adj 
explained 1^ ^ 

^AdairiB River is shown as a long stream, and its 
course, correctly f^iyen as southwest hy south for a long 
distance and then southeast to the Colorado Riter-- thus 
agreeing -dth Smith's account and also with theTl^offi 
courses of '^ha ?^eadow Valley Wash, the Muddy, and t-e 
lower part of the Virgin^ below the junction. It is 
surprising that in a hurried horseback journey ofer 
mountains and deserts the course of a previously iin- 
Known stream should be^afeosKi with such accuracy. 

Fremont, in the large scale map showing his re 
tiu-n route from southern California to TTtah in the 

narae _ ^ ^^ 

river is greatly extended.' to' the 'north7Vndj4 ye 
course which is a compromise between that or the ^ 

and Jfeadow Vallev Wash with its continuati nn--thft 

ftOd4.i9F9^4.^i^^i??* AjThisTjnay he the source of the mis 
aOTttrrcatiorf'or Adams RivBr by later authors. 


o9^' 1 9 




The most important evidence after Smith's own ac- 
count is to be found in the maps of General Gallatin 
(1836) and Connander Wilkes (l84l), in both of irfiich the 
geographic results of Smith's emlorations are incor- 


po-ated/ Both show Ada/as Riter in approximately the 
right position for the Jtiddy (so far as permitted by the 
distorted coiu-se of the Colorado) while the stream now 
called the Virgin is neither named nor shown, except 
the few miles below the junction of the I4iddy, which, 
being apparently a direct continuation of the Ifuddy, 
Smith naturally mistook for it— he having never seen 
any part of the Virgin above the junction, as already 
explained ~^ ~^ 

^ Ok V,^V,_ ■v<-«ts 

;^ Adams River is shown as a long stream, and its 
course^^^correfctjy giyen as southwest by south for a long 
distance and then southeast to the Colorado Riyer— thus 
agreeing ^/ith Smith's account and also with th^ ' 

courses of %ba Meadow Valley Wash, the Muddy, and the 
lower part of the Virfein^ below the junction. It is 
surprising that in a hxirried horseback journey over 
mountains and deserts the course of a previously un- 
Known stream should beA,s1>i!iwn with such accuracy. 

Fremont, in the large scale map showing his re- 
tiu-n route from southern California to TJtah in the 

>^e roaps referred to are, Gallatin's ?feip of In- 
4u^? ^^^^9?» Ifi?'^; and Wilkes' JfeEoOpEflrJSGIHEhia, 
ia41. . But on the 1848 edition of Gallatin's map. the 
narae Rio Virgin is substituted for Adams River, the 
rjtver is greatly extended. to the north, and^iyen^a . 
course which is a conroromise between tnat of^the Sevier 
and Jfefiuiow Vallev Wash with its continiiAtion--the Muddy 













spring of 1843, gitea the course and nane of the Virgin 
and its inqDortant branch the Santa Clara, with approxi- 
mate correctness, and shows also the course of the Muddy, 
which though not named on the map, was called Rio de los 
_^ Angeles in the text. Had the information ham recorded 1^^ 
-^^been perpetuated, many of the errors of subsequeht^alBp* 
would have been avoided. 

Among the maps showing Taryirg degrees sf confu- 
sion in the positions ^^ir names of the Virgin, I^adow Va]b- 
ley Wash and the 'iiddy may be mentioned: Mi tchell ^s New 
Map of Texas, Oregon, and California, 1846; Colton^a Map 
of New Mexico and Utah, 1855; Li eut ,WhipplflTi \ Map, 1854 : 
Lieut,Warren*s J-feip of the Territory of the United States 
from the Fissisippi to the Pacific Ocean, 1857; Major 
Emonr^s Map of the United States and Territories be- 
tween the Missippi fiuid the Pacific Ocean, 1857-1851; 
iTes graphic relief Map (drawn by Egloffstein) enti- 
tled ^'Map No. 2, Rio Colorado of the West^jlSSB; the Abbe 
Domenech's Jfetp of the United States, 1860; Lloyd ^s Map 
of the Territoties and Pacific States, 1865; the Gorern- 
ment Land Office Inaps of 'Utah and NeTada,1866* ; Keeler^ 
largo 'National Map of the Territories of the United 
States from the !Hssi,i^ppi River to the Ocean, 1867; and 
Bancroft ' s Jfep of California and Nevada, 1868({) 
The Wheeler Survey map sheets — — 








The Whwler B«nr«y wp •heet« pabUih»d In 1874 
(ilos. 50.58, 59.66,ana 67) Aov with noh d«Ull th« 



Qreei Band 

•c . 

the Colorado, indtidiatg Stoolnte Deswt and tha eonnee 
of SoTier RiTar» Ma#da« WLl^ lteh,,.tha Muddy, 3ai% 
Clarp, and tirgiat thfi coreriiig the ih^ ot thaoomtry 


trareraad by Xad«dlah 3idth froa Utah Laka to thai061©rado. 




• i 




region, and ikilo not alueya acjiurat* in minor ditaila 


> . 

the steps of the fir»t 













In coDclu8icair ^i 'J i^f o> < Sit mey be said with ocn- 
flde«Afi that -Ashley's riter"of Smith is the upper pert 

©t the Setier — the part flowing nnrllmriy towcrd Utah correctly identified by Chittenden* and Dale; 
that ''Adams Hiver*' of Smith is MftnilBlf Y«UtT l^Mll of 
eestem Nerada and its continuation the Muddj — nttt 
the Virgin, as hererofofe-'ttlsidentifie^, and that Pith 's 
route after crossing the mountains west of the Serier 
lay across the Sscalante l>e8ert and thence down Meadow 
Yell e J ^Vash and the Mud^y ,to the lower Yirgiiit and dowa 
it to the Colorado River » which he crossed to the south 
side and followed westerly and southerly around thd 
Gr^t Bend* continuing south to the Mohave rillagQ^ 
iAiere he recrossed to the weet side, before setting out 
o^^r ttm Kohave Desert hound for the coast region of 


Southern California^ 


1 ^ 'CK^^S ) 

7 . 

\\: . 

^y (^- ^-V ■) 


O > > 


■.>^ ^K 

" <A_ 

^' ^''*- '■ '. . <u _ rl 


June -,1?^3 

Sti^^F^ancicco, Calif. 
Ih.xr Sir: 

I a/a tolu \h\t U.-^ Ylnv.?rfrer Srxaet ^nf* raon 
i^uhlt^^hj r, a Beriar of brMclep on IncJanp. I wnula Ijk- ^- r^et 
these a?:a ^i:? pk toat ^h^ hv .i^^^f ^^^y v/cula he to siibscrjbo for tlio 
uia*^i:^2.iiie, bajkiufiirir with \'>h November riinrer. 

If yon will iciixlly saria '.e the back 'n-hh era, and ^contir\»8 
t^a Bur 8cr>pt}an to N^iva/ic-r nfix-^—or tc end ol" v^ar if vot3 like-- 

ard 8erd bill, I will renit prcnrtly. 


^- Lci^^nitas, Calif. 



'■ /-» 


Retake of Preceding Frame 






it nay be said with eon- 
rlter^of Stoith l» the nppw part 

irt flowing ^/^T-th^yly toaerd Utah 

In oonclasiqn 
fldafi«e the* Ashley 'a 

of tba S^tiar — tha p 

le^e^aa correctly identifiad by ChittandaB,^nd Dala; 
that "Adau Mrar" of Smith is MfWrtW YlUtT WMh of 
aastam larada and its continuation tha Knddy — nftl 
tha tirgin^ as hsratofofS^SIsidantifia^ and that a»ith *8 
renta after crossing the mountains waat o f tha Saviar 

lay across the lsoalaat# Desert and thenoe dom Meadmr 

» - • 

▼alle y f ash tod the Mudtfy -jto^ tba lower Tirglii^ and do«i 


it to the Colorado Bi?er» idiioh he croesed to the south 
aide and followed westerly and southerly around th# 
Grfat 3en4» conlinning south te the Mohaire ril^ag^f 


irtiere he recxpssed to the weft aide, before aettix^ out 
o^tLT. Urn Uohave Desert botud #or the ooaat region of 
Southern California* 


^ M-9 


ii'^"~~ -<pwa-Lji if 





June o,19^3 

460 4f/^ Stre^^t ^ • . 

SanPranciBco, Calif. " ' 

Di^ar Sir: 

I ara tola thit be^^^inrinc last, Nov amber Sr.naet haa been 
publ2rthi>C a Beriec of articleB on Indians. I woiild Ijk^ tr r,et 
these and think that t^A RS.ipiefct /,ay would he to sr.bgcrjbo for tho 
iiia^R2iii0, ba^itifJa- with t'-,a NovarTber numher. ' 

If you will icindly sand \^ the back ^n:.M^ef a, ar^^continue 
tha Buhscr>{.tiDn to Novenlor riext--or to end of vear if vqu like-- 
and serd hill, I will rmo"^ prornptly. 

If'T^ truly yoiirs. 

■**•■*■ •. 


'^^^ ,I^;nitaSj Oalif. 

' B 



I If 

N » 





I 4 

-M" * 


Jon^ 19. 1923 

J . 402 MIUb Buildii^ 
J . T Son nranciteo, Calif. 

^ ' 7 Dear 14r Cblby! 

1 ^^ Ttm^B ffcr your Utter of tha 13th instant, which I found 

' on oy return last eifeniT^. 

*i p The aocloBures make mo ndU, I did not set out to argue 

debatable point, btit 
I open to controTersy, 

^ 1 

^ iDdreaa. and llirray <kny< 

; «•!«• in. toeir SS^»£»lhoniM; This obTiously is not open to dis- j 

Ti'^ (- cussioQ. • - ; 

'^ i^J '^^ ***^®^ rtatament I ob'jifetad to is that ■nojasej^t^eTer 

*^ /( j is made by them (the Indians) 'if the CdiyonsV And your corres- 
pondent admits that they are today uiied for pasturage and firewood. 

If at present little use is made of the dates for food, the 
^ fact would be another illustration of the docdnant influence of the 
jf whiieoan. But that formerly the dates •have formed one of tiv pfaitf 
4 elements of their food" is too well known to admit of question, and 
, during my own work among these Indians they laughed at me for brii«- 
^ ing food into the canyon where, as th«gr said, the best food in the 
\ world was awaitii^ the gatherii^. 

i^i ^ ^^* *^° intention of proloi^r^ this wholly useUw dia- 

j, cussion but canhot help noticing a conspicuous error in «na of the 

^ wi*r,% J?^4 !"f ^?**?i ?^^» *?e statement that the pain "do not 
, bear sufficient fruit to forti the nrineinAl fftoH «/ ■i^.I^v-- 

jgcore of Indians;. ^ At thrtiS ?f S ?iiit iS ^SJ? ^ %^^ ' 

i S?° *5*r® "^l^^ ^* •^•*** 60-and I belicTe Sre thim^TS^ThSSSlI^ 
- rfpedates han|in? on the trees. Ifost of th« iS so hiS^Sn thJt 
one 18 easily daciered as to the quantity. ^ ^ ^** \ 

rely to correct two errors, neither of whicii ♦ 
I objected to the statement tfcat Palm, f ' 








, / - ■ «r- 


The Hon. ^"^ ^- ^'25 .: 

Judge H.D.Burroi^is . : 

Snsawrille, (klifT 

% dear Sir: 

Pfcrdon ny delay in replyli^ to your letter of Ifey 1st, 
ifeich was forwarded from lashington while I was engaged in field 
work in northern California. 

I have not yet seen Mrs Colbum with rs^u^ to the namii^ 
of goographic features in the Mount lessen region, ani of course 
the reccoMndations that may be made will not eoae before the Gorem- 
aent Gtxgraphic Board until fall. ^ 

I share with you -a-iery^hi^ regard for Asa M. Fairfield, 
hating r-ead with HMch intorestihis painstakii^ History of Ussen 
County, and should bo glad to^soe his name perpetuated in the re gioe 
Rat the Board, as I baliw^^jou know, is opposed to the eBtablish- 
Sant of geographic names in honor of people still liiir^. fhethar 
or not it would be williz^ in this case to set aside its rule is 
not for me to say* 

I shall be Tory busy in field work until the end of Octo- 
ber, returning at intervals to ray sunner base at Lagunitas. 

Very truly yours^ 


- jth 

f r 


t • 

Retake of Preceding Frame 



a J 



i4 s 




402 IfilU Buildi 

June 1^, 1923 


J J r San nrancitco, Calif, 
j ' iDaor Vt Ctlby: 

f/ 1 ^^ , IWiks for your l»tter of the 13th in«tant, which I found 
* on my return last sfenir^. 

^ p The aficloBures make me smile. I did not eet out to argue 
-, ^ a debatable point, but ■srely to correct two errors, neither of which 




I objected to the statement tlwit Palm^ 

^ Indreaa, and Murray Cknyons contain the only WaB] 

• their natural bones. This obTiously is not open to dis- 

-T)*^ (- cuBsion. 


The other statement 1 o^jedted to is that ^ use whaterer 

^- ♦ 


And your corres- 

pondent admits that they are today used for pasturage and firewood. 

If at present Httle use* f s made of the dates for food, the 
-? . fact would he another illustration of the dominant influence of the 
, whiienan. But that formerly the dates "have formed one of tits ^bitt 
4 elements of their food" is too well known to admit of question, and 


ing food into the canyon where, as th€|y 
\ ^' J *orl'* »a8 awaiting the gatherii^. 


^ cussion but cannot help noticir« a cwispicuous error in ona of the 

letters you enclosed, namely, the statement that the nalflm *dt, ^n^*. 
. bear sufficient fruit to fraw the nrincinal f^ a? «S5^r^i.-5* ^* 
_ . ; jcore of Indians •. At thrtime of 25 Tisit ?S /L5hl? i^ * 
X- ^ I ago there were at leait 60-aJd^ beli^T^Sre thS^?5!rK5SlI'S' 
ripe dates hanKing on the trees. Most of th« 2S so hiS^Sj tSit 
one IS easily decieted as to the quantity. ^ ^ **** 








I 1 


The Hon. ^^ ^®' ^^ - 

Judge H.D.Burrox^is . - ; 

Sueaniille, QalifT 

% dear Sir: 

Pardon my delay in replyir^ to your^ letter of Iky 1st, 
iMch was forwarded from lashington iriiile I was engaged in field 
work in northern California. 

I have not yet seen Mrs Colbum with regard to the namii^ 
of geographic features in the Mount Lassen region, and of course 
the recoeaMndations that may be made will Bot eone before the Gorem- 
ment Oe^ographic Board until fall. '. 

I share with you ♦• lery^high regard for Asa M. FairfieU, 
hating -ead with niich iRteree^xM* painstakir^ History of LaBean 
County, and ahould be glad tocsee his nane perpetuated in the re gioc 
ftat the Board, as I believ^jou know, ie opposed to the establieh- 
B»nt of geographic names in honor of people still lirir^. Ihether 
or not it would be willing in this case to set aside its rule is 
not for ae to say* 

I shall be Tory busy in field work until the end of Octo- 
ber, returning at intenrals to ray sunner base at lagunitas. 

Very truly yours » 

t>» - - 



^^HG . 





t • 


♦'i . . 

June 19, 1923 

Mr Lathor J. Ooldman 
Boi8«, Idaho 

Dear ffoldman; 

ThankB for your letter of the 14th just reciefed. u i. 

Boat interetiqg to ae and rgreatly enjoy your graphic account of 
the tricks that old he Bear pUyed with your traps. But I 
that you haTe,bloo4. in your eye and will get him yet. And neamriiils 
it is good to know that your man Wlliams has actually got a she one. 
With these skulls and those you got before it should be easy to set- 
tie the sex difference an^^also the status of the LiTabeds Gristly. 

So you have heard of a couple of old skulls irtiich you my 
be able to getl I most certainly hope you will bear down en ths« 
hard and make sure that they do not escape. I will gladly chip in 
enough cash-say $15 to $20 each-f or 'iha^ if tl^^ are adult and in 
fair condition. 

It will be interesting also to learn about the Oregon 
Dwarf Bear got by Surrey hunters, which you read about in a Pertland 
p^er. I had not heard of it. 

Best luck to yon, and many thanks for your efforts. 

Very truly yours. 

^^ » nrWs*.*^ 






pr Robert T. Morris 
IM last 54th Street 
New York City 

Dear Doctor Ifarria! 

June 19, 1923 


lour letter of the 4th inatant, after two or three for- 
ward! ngB, has finally reached m here at mj atamer hearquartem in 

I did not know that either inoles or field nice ate turtle's 
^BK»t but can't aee any sufficient reason wbj th^ should decline 
such a tenptipg dish on the rare occasions when it would fall in 
their way. Your obsenration is very inter c«itii^ and if you could 
Bake sure ihether the culprit was a ag^l*- or Afield laouse, it would 
be well worth recordir^e ^^' '"t " 

I sn busy as usual worit'rhg junong the California 

•ting and remarkable ceremonial *dancef 

IRth beet wishes. "** 


¥ery truly yours. 



Jons 19,1S23 

thdv^rsity of Cklifonda 
B*rk»l«]r, California 

Dmut Sir: 

R»forriQ^ to the aoelosod bill of foaar dollars for photo 
iMgatiTM and prints, rocioved this oomiDS* vonld say that I havs 
looked oTor oqr aeeomt Tor tha iKmth in qioastionCOetobar 1921) and 
find the folldlriqs «Dtry:*lU.T. aaif.,nioto shaata Cbatanso NB wKp 
Cklif. $4.00* 9m bill sas paid and racaiptad on Oatobar 20,1921, 
and at the eni of th« awntfa nas traimdttad to the taithftoiiian Imti 
ttrtioA at mbroadiar m' 6 df^^f accouzit for that wmth. 

Iho maofcait «a8 paid by HgTasl^iBtairt^ 1ft as Stolla Clwiiiiaa, 

fr ^ 

whi€2i nay hafo cauaod tba eonfaaiona 

Tory truly youn^^ ^ 

«f ' 



\ i 

» ! 




Mr R. A. Ihali/lfcr. 
Ifotropolitan Air Groods Co. 
Athol, IfcuiaaGhuBattB 

Dasr Sir: 

Jxine 2o,1923 

At lait thd loi|g-lo<dcad-for tent has arriYad ani I hate 
no doiftrt will prove a comfort. 

The Vig tent Mnt by ndBtake I haTo returned by Am. Ry. 
gjcprees today, carefnHy packed with all ite belot^i^e in the loq 
box in i^ch it ^arae. 

Tou cannot ^loagina iriiat an annoyanea the absence of this 
tent has been ixria^ the opiiards of 1200 niles I have traveled Ib 
the car since our an^ital .tpro nonths s^. Ify business here ia 
Osliforaia is field work, eaaplM ni^^ta aloi^ide the «ar and r«r< 
in tb* same plaee two nl^ts ^ ^ .-Fortunately we were cao^t in only 
one rain, aoi were abW to spend the ni^t in a cow bam. 

I»ery time we returned to Lsgunitas we drove to San Ikfai 
to see if the tent had cone, tlm corerii^ more than 260 milesl 

Tofur Browiie sle^}£4g pads we covtiBne to fiwl a great 
comfort, thou^ the first one leaks a very little. Ai^ I shall bi 
•bli$9d if you wiU sand me another, with bill, by Parcels Post, 
addressed to lagunitas, Ifcrin Co., Oali/omia. (Size 2Sx48) 
Also please send one Utility a^pertsmsa*s Ctfshion (14x16) 

Very truly yoUrs, 


Jobs 20,1925 
^of . Herbert 1. Bolton 
university of Qalifomia -. ; - 

% dear Dr. Bolton: 

Tory many thanks for your letter of the 18th iastant in 
"gard to BQT article on Jededlah Saith. I am thankful for year 
re«m.««iation that I send it to Dr E.C.Barker with reference to 
its possible publication in the Soutfawestem Historical Quarterly. 

ini I wish to aipress ay obligations to Ifc- J.J.Hill for 
his attentions in the matter and shall be very glad to see his 
ment on the several versions of the awth letter. 

Just at the moaient' we are paclciqs our car far a fiald trip 
and may not be hoM f or ten' or^tiwlve 4aT8.^ This will aspUia 

have goGftt 

for ten or twwlve 4ays.^ 

Hill^as the MB wiU not anriwe aotil 

« • 

Appreciating your e<rartesy in the matter, 

Tory truly yours, 



* ! 



July 8, Yi?J6 

Bear Mise Cloraancv: 

On retumir^ fron tJl«ar Uk* and the Miyakwa 
a f •• day. a#?> i ^«» «1^ to find yoar Utter and the 


But trtMB feu 
and Wll ■»; and «h«i ytm 
aoa-reo«i|»i, vl^ iid*«t jmx 

Jm 16 on May 5, id^ did'nt you wvftW 
rMoivvd loy letter eon^lainin^ of its 
vriia at osmm laatead of eaitirv eo 

are hard to understand. 
Bope you «nd Do«t«r B«k«r h«»e ewaped further d 
jma^ |wt <*r». *«« far I hwa hud no «aKit«ent ir that U 
LS yMf--bat tiiei't i» plenty of ti«» yet. 

On the laet trip I get th» Imc poatponed data a 

bea, in addition tc rajachoria 
^oeabulary Baterial. 41«> maptii »t the »o-called Hop la 
•ria-«hi«* by the aay !• not n«ur Hopland hut in the Miyakm me 
and lathered a fino lot of ■atertal. tho I ahall ha^e to r.o t her , 
again to cowplete the job. The Indians wreryiAaro l^avo beaa 
kindly disposed toward us, and at the last ca^> broufjit Mrs II 
buekotfull of nice ripe peadies. 

Have not rood any account fr«n you so t^; parha 

are holding; till the aaount gr«ws. 

Ha»o you been getting wm* of interest of late*? 
it is a secret, as you are so retioent shout it. 

Very truly yours. 


July 12, 1923, 

Dr. Stepliens: 

Pla^..Be pardon ny delay in writjnf^ and serving yoii 
the promise map ahowir^ the locationB of the more im- 
pn-^.ant Redwood OroTeg (here nmrked in yellow) alcr^ the 
Redwood Mf^way. •-■ ^* >-v..,, -.-.^ *-- ^ - - - .^^o-... ^43.,, ^ 

The first ^ood grove you strike in f^oirif: north is 
rnown as Redwood Flat aril is a few mi lee north of the 
iipctior, of Rattlesnake Cre^ witii Sotrth Fork Rel River, 
"^he next /jro^e^^ known as lane's factwood Flat^is five mi lei 
1 e-om the first Redwood Flat and is a Tery fine grove. 
The caryinr: ^^rourxi amon^ the big trees war fenced last 
year ami a charge of two bits a night is made. A buiid- 
ir^ WBB erected which I believe is a hotel. 

I^iese are the only groves of in5>ortance along the 
highway on the Meiidoncino Cteiinty Si de of the lin^ 
IB no other worth n^ntionii^; until you arrive at Ke_t - 
Untalre (previously known as Phillipsville). 

Mr", Sparry of the ^ Save The Red woods Lea/^ie told m 
jastarday tlmt there are now fairly pood stopping places 
at intervale along the hif^way so that it is no longer 
necessary to carry a cartipinc outfit; but the names of 
tte places he mertinned were strange to raa a,nd as I did 


not write them dowr. I am aorry to say I hay forgotten 

^ i^eti>«bt to leave la^mitaa on Tuesday July 17 bound 
for the Huniboldt Bay eounti^, and shall he greatly rejoice* 
If the Stephen party can arrar^e to join us for part of 
the trip. Wo hope to ret away early enon^ to make Long 
Valley before dark in order to camp in a choice spot on 
lO-mile Creek. We expect .to lu^h at the Palace Hotel 
at Ukiah in the nei^horhood of 1 : 30 irf^q<*ij fe^ 
7«u will be able to join us there. .^-.^ ^^^^ 

•^^ *l^^ 4<fk «idt *Ui» o«Jty *^ ,»i«i UmI ^«» a*ul ie th, < 

it is necessary to detour f«r itfbrot, ittxw»«. ,41^^ , jfe 
Grant^of t*i ttt'trtd Hi fe.teniay ^hat he thinks thi» de- 
tour is still nWd^ary but others hate told ae that the 
main road ought to h« open >,y this time. It it Granfe 

buBineBs to know. 

After leaving The ftadoirs we had a channing drive 
over the new Blue lakes and Cold Creak Highway and spent 
tlte foUowin^c two days at the so called Hopland Rancheria 
in the western Mijakm Mountains where we were moat cordial- 

ly received and obtained a splendid lot of naterlal. 

You know wit>iout beirv^ told how greatful w» feel to you 

and Mrs. Stapjiens for the privile^-e of making your at- 

tractive and cr>nfortal le place ovr headquarters during my 
.-econt W02-K: in Lake County. '^*-:*i— :-*" ?^«V*-*> - -*— «-^ .»-e~.*-«i^l 
We suppose tbit Bruce is now with you and that he is 

wi ei!^' It^'i"'!' '"^'^^ '^ ^'^ ^«^«^« ^'"P down the 




>iLJL ^ •■ 


Jalj 12t 1923. 

B^cher Ibstract and Title Co*» 
loralca, (klit. 

Dmt Sirs: 

Haravith I am ancloaii^ out dollar ($1.00) far 

idiioh plaaaa aand ma coyias of Balchar Baad Ikp of 

OiBibcliit Gbunty and obliga, 

lary truly yoorat 









M M 

July 13. 1923 

Dear Sir: 

on returnir^ from a recent field trip I fo.:«i your 

letter of June 27 awaiting attention. 

The letter of the proper abbreviation for ^J^^^^ 
of California has been before the U. S. Geographic several 
tin,ee. Ihe old abbreviation "Cal.- (which I regret to .«• 
is Btill used by son« people and some newsfftpers) caTased 
t^e poBtoffice mch trouble for the reason that -C^l.- 
^ -Col.- were usiially indistinp:uishable in pen writing. 
For this reason and also because the abbreviation '(^l.- 
stands for calomel, cala^dty and ether disa^^eable thing. 
I soT^ years ago urged the board to adopt "Calif.- as an 
abbreviation carrying the feeling of the name. The post- 
office also desired this abbreviation, which was official- 

ly adopted. 

You now suggest that the full name be used. This 
reconmendation. rnade by Mr. Menifee, came before the board 
before I left Washington. There were two difficulties in 
the way of its adoption. In the first place it is not an 
abbreviatien and therefore my be properly used by all yitio 
80 desire. In the second place it is too long to print on 
a postoffice cancellation stan?) as you will see if you try 


I i 




to print the wo.^a San Francisco Gblif 
circle of suitable si.e for a polfo^f "'' """" "^ 
-- for the date i„ the center "^ '"^^ ^''^^^^ 

^Plyirr. to your in.pi^ .^ . ^ ^^ 

the na«es of all ^he «f / '^'^ '' «°* ^^^ 

^ the states are abbrevip+ed nn 
stawpswould state that this i« fv, cancellation 

*-. ^ine. and Kan«as. "'' """^ ^'^^^ «teeptior.. 

Very tnay yours, 

Oiaimian, U. S.~~ ^ 
^ographic Board. 



July 13. 1923. 

Mr a Luther J. Goldman 
Boise, Idaho c 

Dear Goldman: 

On returnii^ from a recent field trip I found your 
letter of June 25 and the two Grizzly Bear Bkulla from the 
&iake River Desert* These are just what we wanted and 
are a splendid confirmation of the characters of the one 
you sent hefore I left lashington. The only outstanding 
difficulty is the matter of sexo The skulls of most 
Grizzlies exhibit a rather reiaarkable disparity in the 
characters of the two sexes but there are one or two ex- 
ceptions, notably the Monterey Grizzly^ in which the skull 

of the female resembles; 

v^that of the laale in appearance 

although it is very much smaller. 

These skulls are most valuable and I look forward with 

much satisfaction to the opportunity of comparing them 
with the specimens you have previously sento In view 
of the present material itcertainly is of the utmost im- 
portance to secure an adult male and I most earnestly hope 
you will succeed o 

With best wishes and many thanks for your continued 
interest in this matter. 

Very truly yciirs. 

-r ♦ 

Vtoo^- ' .. vvxx^ .. . 


July 13, 1923. 

16r. Charles F. Lu?»i!dB 
Oaimilos Ikncho 

Box 93. Fim 

Dear Mr. Lumrais: 

Tour letter of the 8th instant is at hand and I am 
ven^ glad to hear from you after so lor^ an interval. 

Yes, I quite a{';ree with you in deemir^ it advisable 
to turn ovor to the Indian Defense Association your 
Sequoya League maili?^ list. It strikes me as remrkable 
tyiat the Se.'ita Baxbara branch has started out with such 
a very large loembership. 

I a^ee with you further in %he feeling that 
theoretically we should have a single organization to lor* 
out for the interests of our Indians but feel that the ab- 
sence of a leader of proved qualities is sufficiert reason 
for defarrir^ a sir^gle organization until aome of the 
local leaders show the desired fitnesSo 

It was mighty good to see you at Santa Barbara B.r)A 
to listen to your remarks, which had lost none of the old 
time vigor* 

With best wishes. 

As ever yours, 






July 13, 1923* 

W. Charles S. Sloone. Secretary 
U. S. Geographic Board 
lashlngton, D. C. 

Dear Mr. Sloane: 

ThankB for yours of June 30 enclosing a letter from 
IL 0. Mitchell, Secretary of the Mount Tacoma Club. 

You will be interested to know that the (Salifomia 
division of the Anerican Automobile Association has al- 
ready printed on their new road maps the names our board 

approved on i^ril 4. 

By the way, I wish you would send me w*i. half ;^dozen 
copies of the decisions of i^ril 4^as I have several re- 
quests for them here. 

I should be obliged also for two or three ccpies 
of the decisions of the year. 

I have recently retiuTied from a moat successful field 
trip in Lake and Mendocino Counties. 

nth best wishes, 

Yery truly yours, 

CSan you tell me irtiether the statistics of Indian 
population given By the Indian Office were collected by that 
office or by the Census Office? 



I ^ 





" >.<•. 

July 14, 1923. 

imitas, Marin Co., Calif » 

9^h^.*^^P^» Accountant 
anithAonian Inatitution 
Waahington, D. C. 

Ibar Mr. Adaras: 

Herewith I enclose qy wpense account for the month 
of June, amoimting to $22fi^:i7,and voucher for Zenaida Jfer. 
ria^ assistant for $35.00^3^ ^eh I shall be obliged 
If you will pay ae ueual from the Harriman fund. 

I^^rir^ our last trip in the Clear lake region and 
Miyakma Mountains we obtained naterial from six tribes 
of Indians but were not able to finish work there. 

Bxpenee Account for June 1923. 

Jxta» 1-2 SauBilita-SF k return .30; street carfai 

SF: Oartwright Hote 1, Room June 1-2 

Gar over night. Sauailita ^^-...v 
2 Telecram to Atnol. Melbb. (Fxeld Outfit I 

4 Sub. Indian HeraM,^3 cogieB 

b Cooper Qrnith Club Pac. Ivifaum Ho. 15 
•^ • • • • Ho, 16 

5 Kaenel k Becker. San Rafael, Work «a - 

^ ¥^ ffl-^' gH>.o ^L . _ 


ary tnily yours. 




. ^.. u^MiMaa^ 




ft li!SfIIt'^*00 PxxUmn Porter .» ^ , ^ 
9 Santa Barbara, irl»«ton iio^«i,«w« « "•«" » 

(Lunch 8-din!?«r ^_i!?*f**« q.« »r*nciBco 

16 Sub. Sun»«t )teui°* *>'- ^ " "^ 
13 San Bafa.l-SrS rjtarn 

Md Indians for ^««*^fr^ *" 

23 Charlie MeQill - l?k«l»fi- 
34 SSk Bucknell, Jppar Jak« 
i Sfomon^Joere Jpjw^a 

27 Jim Pcmpkin, 2P?2?* «vLjr 

30 Bopland «^.^ *"*" ,« 

30 Fruit for ln*if5», „,,— 10 

30 June Postal* 

Less duJ^.^'-^ *~^ 


L K 



j-idred ind twenty 

Oa^ ^F^-b 






4 45 

I 2C 

IT 7£ 

3 76 
1 26 

12 50 

3 75 

1 25 

1 5a 

2 50 

2 15 

10 00 

2 28 

II 06 

4 60 


2 00 
4 00 

2 00 

3 00 
3 00 
7 00 

1 50 

2 00 
2 25 
6 43 


3 00 
44 97 

1 36 

2 50 















July 14, 1925 

ilfcr W. I. 

^- --. — _, icwnntant 
■tdtiwoman Inatitiitirm 
WMhington, D.C. 

DaMT lir Adam: 

Since aaiUjJK you ogr Jun» accotwt today I hare afscof 
a diiplieate antry of ^l.») mdar dat« of JnrH» 7, th« s«r» 'htiii^ th» 
roond trip fare fron lafjnnitaa to San Trancisco. 

I shall ba obliesd if you will kii^ly atrike one of thai 
out and daduct $1.30 froai the total, laavii^ ife22n.97 aa the cor- 
rect anwmt (instead of $222. 1*^ as gi?an in the Tmidi^r), 

Sorry to trouble yon. 

Tary truly yours.